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Kawamura Satoshi S Environmental Health Science Laboratory, Sumitomo Chemical Co., Ltd, Konohana-ku, Osaka, - - 2014
S-53482, 7-fluoro-6-[(3,4,5,6-tetrahydro)phthalimido]-4-(2-propynyl)-1,4-benzoxazin-3(2H)-one (flumioxazin), is an N-phenylimide herbicide and developmentally toxic to rats, but not to rabbits. The day of greatest sensitivity to S-53482 is gestational day (GD) 12 in rats. There is a compound-specific difference in developmental toxicity among structurally similar compounds including S-23121 (N-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-[(1-methyl-2-propynyl)oxy]phenyl]-3,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalimide; teratogenic) and S-23031 (pentyl 2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-(3,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalimido)phenoxyacetate ...
Song Shasha S Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Anhui Medical University, Key Laboratory of Antiinflammatory and Immune Medicine, Ministry of Education, Hefei 230032, PR - - 2014
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive disease with poor prognosis and limited methods to predict patient survival. Immune cells infiltrating tumors are known to impact tumor progression. Here, we analyzed the phenotype and function of dendritic cells (DCs), and the frequency of IL-10-producing regulatory B cells (Breg) and Foxp3(+) regulatory ...
Mobley C Brooks CB School of Kinesiology, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, - - 2014
We examined if a purported anti-inflammatory supplement (AF) abrogated Western-diet (WD)-induced liver pathology in rats. AF contained: 1) protein concentrates from bovine colostrum and avian egg yolk; 2) herbal adaptogens and antioxidants; and 3) acetyl-L-carnitine. Nine month-old male Brown Norway rats were allowed ad libitum access to WD for 41-43 ...
Vallée Nicolas - - 2013
Bubble formation can occur in the vascular system after diving leading to decompression sickness (DCS). DCS signs and symptoms range from minor to death. Too often, patients are admitted to hyperbaric centre with atypical symptoms while bubbles cannot be detected anymore. In absence of relevant biomarker for humans, the therapeutic ...
Nakajima Atsushi - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine transport of lidocaine ions through a hairless rat skin in vivo and to compare the efficacy of alternating current (AC) with that of direct current (DC) iontophoresis (IOP). We measured the concentration of lidocaine transported through a cellophane membrane or a hairless ...
McCormick Cheryl M - - 2012
There is increasing evidence that exposure to stressors in adolescence has long-lasting effects on emotional and cognitive behaviour, but little is know as to whether reproductive functions are affected. We investigated appetitive and consummatory aspects of sexual behaviour in male rats that were exposed to chronic social instability stress (SS, ...
Hussein Abd El-Aziz M - - 2012
Our objective was to investigate the effects of chronic excess iodine intake on thyroid functions and thyroid oxidative stress state in hypothyroid rats. Sixty rats were divided into euthyroid and hypothyroid (thiocyanate-induced) groups with or without administration of excess iodine (3000 or 6000 μg/L) for 8 weeks. Serum thyroxine (T(4)), triiodothyronine (T(3)), ...
Roques Béatrice B - - 2012
In rats, the widely used insecticide fipronil increases the clearance of thyroxine (T(4)). This effect is associated with a high plasma concentration of fipronil sulfone, the fipronil main metabolite in several species including rats and humans. In sheep, following fipronil treatment, fipronil sulfone plasma concentration and thyroid disruption are much ...
Abe Masayoshi - - 2012
Incidences and morphological features of thyroid proliferative lesions induced by carcinogens in Wistar Hannover GALAS rats (GALAS rats) showing normal growth with or without thyroid dysplasia were examined. All thyroid tissue samples were obtained from our recently conducted study using male GALAS rats treated with 5 carcinogens according to the ...
Bitencourt C S CS Departamento de Análises Clínicas, Toxicológicas e Bromatológicas, Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. do Café s/n, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. - - 2012
Evaluating the activity of the complement system under conditions of altered thyroid hormone levels might help elucidate the role of complement in triggering autoimmune processes. Here, we investigated alternative pathway (AP) activity in male Wistar rats (180 ± 10 g) after altering their thyroid hormone levels by treatment with triiodothyronine ...
González Carmen R CR Department of Physiology, School of Medicine-CIMUS, University of Santiago de Compostela-Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria, Santiago de Compostela (A Coruña), - - 2012
Thyroid hormones play an important role in the regulation of energy balance, sleep and emotional behaviors. Neuropeptide S (NPS) is a recently discovered neuropeptide, regulating feeding, sleep and anxiety. Here, we examined the effect of hyperthyroidism on the gene and protein expression of neuropeptide S and its receptor (NPS-R) in ...
Ge Jin-Fang - - 2012
It is well known that clinical hypothyroidism (CH) could induce cognitive deficits and the decision to start treatment for CH with thyroxine is usually easy. However, the relationship of cognition dysfunction with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is inconsistent and whether need to treat SCH is controversial. In the present study, we ...
Vickers Alison E M - - 2012
Drug induced thyroid effects were evaluated in organotypic models utilizing either a rat thyroid lobe or human thyroid slices to compare rodent and human response. An inhibition of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) function led to a perturbation in the expression of key genes in thyroid hormone synthesis and release pathways. The ...
Fisher Jeffrey - - 2012
Functional aspects of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Thyroid (HPT) axis in rats and humans are compared, exposing why extrapolation of toxicant-induced perturbations in the rat HPT axis to the human HPT axis cannot be accomplished using default risk assessment methodology. Computational tools, such as biologically based dose response models for the HPT axis, ...
Minato Kouichi - - 2012
Little is known about the kinetics and metabolism of thyroid hormones in the hypothyroid state. In order to optimize hormone replacement therapy, it is important to understand variations in the kinetics and metabolism of thyroid hormones. To investigate these factors, we monitored serum thyroxine (T<inf>4</inf>) and triiodothyronine (T<inf>3</inf>) levels in ...
Piri Morteza - - 2011
An overlapping distribution of α2-adrenergic receptors with cannabinoid receptors has been reported in certain brain structures such as the dorsal hippocampus. Thus, functional interactions between cannabinoid and α2-adrenergic systems in cognitive control seem possible. In the present study, we examine the possible role of α2-adrenergic receptors of the dorsal hippocampus ...
Tsao Der-An - - 2011
Hexavalent chromium (CrVI) is considered to be a risk factor in the formation of human cancer. Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP), Rho-GDIα, galectin, c-Myc and p53 play important roles in cancer formation. The purpose of this study was to determine if Cr(VI) induces the formation of gastrointestinal cancer. We explored ...
Solis-S Juan C - - 2011
Iodide is a trace element and a key component of thyroid hormones (TH). The availability of this halogen is the rate-limiting step for TH synthesis; therefore, thyroidal iodide uptake and recycling during TH synthesis are of major importance in maintaining an adequate supply. In the rat, the thyroid gland co-expresses ...
Kato Yoshihisa - - 2010
Effects of phenobarbital (PB) on the levels of serum thyroid hormones such as total thyroxine (T(4)) and triiodothyronine were examined in male mice, hamsters, rats, and guinea pigs. One day after the final administration of PB (80 mg/kg, intraperitoneal, once daily for 4 days), significant decreases in the levels of ...
Rêgo Amália Cínthia Meneses - - 2010
This study evaluated the effects of total colectomy on the biodistribution of technetium-99m pertechnetate ((99m)TcO(4)(-)) on the 28th postoperative day in rats. Samples of several organs were harvested for counting the percent of injected radioactivity/g of tissue (%ATI/g). The %ATI/g in colectomy rats was higher in the stomach and ileum ...
Landry Christine S - - 2010
HYPOTHESIS: Robotic-assisted transaxillary surgery (RATS) for the removal of thyroid glands is feasible by surgeons in the United States. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic research. Patient A 53-year-old woman. INTERVENTION: Total thyroidectomy via the transaxillary approach. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Successful completion thyroidectomy using bilateral RATS. RESULTS: Right thyroid lobectomy was ...
Richardson Terrilyn A TA Department of Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutics, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS 66160, - - 2010
Microsomal enzyme inducers (MEI) that increase UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are thought to increase glucuronidation of thyroxine (T(4)), thus reducing serum T(4), and subsequently increasing thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Ugt1a1 and Ugt1a6 mediate T(4) glucuronidation. Therefore, this experiment determined the involvement of Ugt1a enzymes in increased T(4) glucuronidation, decreased serum T(4), and ...
Dong Jing - - 2010
Developmental iodine deficiency (ID) leads to inadequate thyroid hormone that impairs learning and memory with an unclear mechanism. Here, we show that hippocampal neurogranin, calcium/calmodulin dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), calmodulin (CaM) and calcineurin (CaN) are implicated in the brain impairment in lactational rat hippocampus following developmental ID and hypothyroidism. ...
Ghenimi N - - 2010
Thyroid dysfunction and dementia are conditions that become more prevalent with advancing age. Localised hypothyroidism of the central nervous system has been sugested in some patients with Alzheimer's disease. We investigated the consequence of adult-onset hypothyroidism on beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) degrading pathways in rats treated with propylthiouracyl over a ...
Leghait Julien - - 2010
In rat, fipronil treatment increases the elimination of thyroid hormones (TH). Relevance of this mechanism for the risk of fipronil for human health is subject to controversy because of the specificities of adult rat for TH plasma binding properties which often lead to the assumption that rats are more sensitive ...
Baudimont Fannie - - 2010
Histological examination of the heart of a clinically normal, 10-week-old female Han Wistar rat revealed a 600 x 400-mum mass of ectopic thyroid tissue within the subendothelial connective tissue of the aortic valve. The mass protruded into the left ventricular lumen and was composed of single layers of cuboidal to ...
Marković Ljiljana - - 2010
In the recent years, iodine was associated to the development of apoptosis in thyroid diseases. The aim of the present study is to determine the expression of pro-apoptotic and anti-apoptotic proteins, Bax and Bcl-2, in a Wistar rat experimental model of thyroiditis induced by administration of different doses of potassium ...
Orihuela Daniel - - 2009
To analyse the influence of thyroid status on the effect of aluminium (Al) upon intestinal calcium (Ca) absorption, adult male Wistar rats with experimentally altered thyroid hormones circulating levels, were orally treated (o.g.) with 0 (control), or 50 mg elemental Al (as chloride)/kg body weight (b.w.) per day, for a ...
Gu J Y - - 2009
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) have been reported to cause a variety of toxic effects. In order to assess the thyroid function after exposure to PCBs and investigate whether PCBs induce autoimmune process in the thyroid gland, we determined the levels of serum thyroid hormones (FT3, FT4, and T4), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), ...
Zhang Le - - 2010
Thiodiazole copper, as a thiadiazole fungicide, is widely used in China. The structure of thiodiazole copper shows a close relationship with N,N-methylene-bis (2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole) (Bis-A-TDA), which is a teratogen. A few studies have shown that some of the thiadiazole fungicides act as endocrine disruptors via disturbance in thyroid hormone homeostasis. Little ...
Zhang Le - - 2010
Saisentong, as a thiadiazole fungicide, is widely used in China. The structure of saisentong shows a closer relationship to N, N-methylene-bis (2-amino-1, 3, 4-thiadiazole) (Bis-A-TDA), which is a teratogen. A few studies have shown that some of the thiadiazole fungicides act as endocrine disruptors via disturbance in thyroid hormone homeostasis. ...
Hartoft-Nielsen Marie-Louise - - 2009
Thyroid hormones modulate the immune system and metabolism, influence insulin secretion, and cause decreased glucose tolerance. Thyroid hormones have been described to change the incidence of spontaneous autoimmune thyroiditis in Bio-Breeding/Worcester (BB) rats but it is unknown how these hormones affect the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The ...
Dong Jing - - 2009
Developmental iodine deficiency (ID) leads to inadequate thyroid hormone that impairs learning and memory with an unclear mechanism. Here, we show that hippocampal extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2) and cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) are implicated in the impaired learning and memory in lactational and adolescent rat hippocampus following developmental ID ...
Zhang Le - - 2009
Bismerthiazol, as a thiadiazole fungicide, is widely used in China. The structure of bismerthiazol shows a close relationship to N,N-methylene-bis (2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole) (Bis-A-TDA), which is a teratogen. A few studies have shown that this fungicide acts as an endocrine disruptor in mature rats via disturbance in thyroid hormone homeostasis at a ...
Roberts Lori M - - 2008
Thyroid hormones require transport across cell membranes to carry out their biological functions. The importance of transport for thyroid hormone signaling was highlighted by the discovery that inactivating mutations in the human monocarboxylate transporter-8 (MCT8) (SLC16A2) cause severe psychomotor retardation due to thyroid hormone deficiency in the central nervous system. ...
Branvold D J - - 2008
Expression of all of the isoforms of the subunits of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and AMPK activity is increased in skeletal muscle of hyperthyroid rats. Activity of AMPK in skeletal muscle is regulated principally by the upstream kinase, LKB1. This experiment was designed to determine whether the increase in AMPK ...
Saghir Shakil A - - 2008
Trifluralin, an herbicide, has been reported to cause a significant increase in thyroid follicular cell tumors in male Fischer 344 rats. This study was designed to determine the mechanism of thyroid hyperactivity after trifluralin exposure. A group of 15 male Fischer 344 rats were exposed to trifluralin-fortified (6500 ppm) diet ...
Casimiro-Lopes G - - 2008
Thyroid dysfunction can compromise physical capacity. Here, we analyze the effects of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism on maximum swim time in rats subjected to acute forced swimming, as an indicator of anaerobic capacity. Animals were forced to swim against a load (5% of body weight) attached to the tail and were ...
Monteforte Rossella - - 2008
The secretory activity of the Harderian gland (HG) is influenced by both exogenous (such as light and temperature) and endogenous (such as prolactin, thyroid hormones and steroid hormones) factors, which vary among species. In the present study, the effects of hypothyroidism on the rat HG were examined at morphological and ...
Oliveira E - - 2007
Leptin modulates the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis and peripheral metabolism of thyroid hormones (THs). We have studied the effect of acute and chronic leptin treatment upon liver mitochondrial glycerol phosphate dehydrogenase activity (mGPD), whose expression and activity are TH dependent. We performed 2 experiments: 1) acute leptin treatment - LepA: adult rats ...
Chen Yue-Feng YF Cardiovascular Research Institute, Sanford Research/University of South Dakota, 1100 East 21st Street, Suite 700, Sioux Falls, SD 57105, - - 2008
Thyroid hormone (TH) levels decline after a myocardial infarction (MI). Treatment with TH has been shown to improve left ventricular (LV) function in MI and other cardiovascular diseases, but the mechanisms are not clear. We have previously shown that TH can prevent myocyte apoptosis via Akt signaling in cultured neonatal ...
Kokkinos Alexander - - 2007
Thyroid hormone plays a critical role in energy homeostasis through mechanisms, which are not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated possible alterations of important energy regulators such as leptin, adiponectin, and ghrelin in relation to changes in thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormone (250 microg/kg) was administered in male Wistar ...
Tsujio M - - 2007
Thyroids of rats treated with methimazole (MMI) were analysed histologically, immunohistochemically and electron microscopically. Thyroids of MMI-treated rats displayed greater hypertrophy and were heavier than those of control rats. Thyroids of MMI-treated rats were composed of variant or small follicles and contained more columnar cells than those of control rats. ...
Moeller Lars C - - 2007
The genetic basis for differences in TSH sensitivity between two rat strains was examined using consomic rats generated from original strains salt-sensitive Dahl (SS) (TSH 1.8 +/- 0.1 ng/ml; free T(4) index 4.9 +/- 0.4) and Brown Norwegian (BN) (TSH 5.5 +/- 0.6 ng/ml, P < 0.05; free T(4) index ...
Paulus Brian F - - 2007
Perchlorate-induced inhibition of thyroidal iodide uptake was measured in normal and iodine-deficient female Sprague-Dawley rats. Rats that were made iodine-deficient by long-term restriction of iodine in the diet absorbed a gavage dose of 131I to the thyroid in proportionally greater amounts than rats fed a normal diet. Furthermore, the iodine-deficient ...
Dias Ana Carolina - - 2007
PURPOSE: Hormone diseases induce changes in the lacrimal gland (LG) and ocular surface (OS). Thyroid hormone (TH) induces cell proliferation and lipid metabolism through the activation of TH receptors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the location and comparative expression of TH receptor beta-1 (Thrb) in LG ...
Sakano Katsuhisa - - 2007
Epidemiologic data suggest that diabetes mellitus type II is a risk factor for several types of cancer, including pancreatic, liver, colon and thyroid cancers. In the present study, effects of diabetes/hyperlipidemia on N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP)-induced cancer development were examined in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, model animals for non-insulin-dependent diabetes ...
Biebinger Ralf - - 2007
Concurrent vitamin A (VA) deficiency (VAD) and iodine deficiency (ID) are common in developing countries. VAD has effects on thyroid metabolism that may be dependent on iodine status. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of VA supplementation (VAS) and/or dietary iodine repletion, alone and in combination, ...
Stoica George - - 2007
Thyroid hormones (THs) are important in the development and maturation of the central nervous system (CNS). The significant actions of THs during CNS development occur at the time when TH levels are lower than those in the mother and the hypothalamic-thyroid (HPT) axis is not fully functional. In the developing ...
Kumar Ashok - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The molecular basis of hepatic dysfunction in thyrotoxicosis is not fully understood. Here, we investigated the effect of altered thyroidal status on death receptor pathways including p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), a member of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor superfamily, in rat liver. METHODS: Hyperthyroidism was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats ...
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