Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 540
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Strolin Benedetti M - - 1998
Information on the "in vitro" oxidation of epinine by monoamine oxidase (MAO) compared to dopamine is very poor. The aim of this work was to study the oxidative deamination of epinine and dopamine by rat liver MAO-A and MAO-B. The contributions of MAO-A and B to the metabolism of dopamine ...
Pino R - - 1997
In the isolated cardiomyocytes of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR, 3 months old) MAO A and B activities were significantly increased compared to the myocytes in the hearts of age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats. This increase was not associated with cardiac hypertrophy in these young animals, but might represent an early event in ...
Misu Y - - 1997
We explore stable potent competitive antagonists against L-DOPA. In anesthetized rats, DOPA cyclohexyl ester (DOPA CHE) (30-100 ng) microinjected in depressor sites of the nucleus tractus solitarii dose-dependently shifted the dose-response-curve for L-DOPA (18-300 ng) to the right, with DOPA CHE (100 ng)-induced slight reduction of the maximum response. DOPA ...
Dorhout B - - 1997
Non-physiological amounts of oral polyamines have been reported to induce precocious gut maturation in rat pups. The aim of the present study was to investigate organ distribution and metabolic fate of orally administered stable-isotopically labelled polyamines in rat pups. Pups received tetradeuterium-labelled putrescine (Pu-d4; 3 mumol), spermidine (Sd-d4; 5 mumol), ...
Harder P G - - 1997
Rat serum was found to contain an inhibitor of pure alpha2-6 sialyltransferase (EC 2.4.99.1). The inhibitor was a high Mr protein isolated by molecular filtration on Sephadex G100, followed by anion exchange chromatography on Sephadex DEAE A25, then separation on Sepharose CL 4B, and finally by isoelectric focusing. Electrophoretic separation ...
Caro H N - - 1997
Extracts of human liver were found to contain activities which copurified and coeluted with the two major subtypes of mediators (type A and type P) isolated from insulin-stimulated rat liver. The putative type A mediator from human liver inhibited cAMP-dependent protein kinase from bovine heart, decreased phosphoenolypyruvate carboxykinase mRNA levels ...
Rashidi M R - - 1997
Famciclovir, a 9-substituted guanine derivative, is a new antiviral agent which undergoes rapid hydrolysis and oxidation in man to yield the active antiherpes agent, penciclovir. Studies with human liver cytosol have indicated that the oxidation of the penultimate metabolite, 6-deoxypenciclovir, to penciclovir is catalyzed by the molybdenum hydroxylase, aldehyde oxidase. ...
Lu L - - 1997
The predominate subtypes of alpha2-adrenoceptors in the brain are alpha2A and alpha2C. The lack of selective ligands for these receptors hampers their functional characterization. We exploited an antisense strategy as an alternative pharmacological tool to study alpha2C-adrenoceptors. In rat striatum (caudate-putamen), alpha2-adrenoceptors were characterized using the subtype-non-selective antagonist [3H]2-(2-methoxy-1,4-benzodioxan-2-yl)-2-imidazoline ([3H]RX821002). ...
Knoll J - - 1997
Sexually inactive ("low-performing," LP) and highly active ("high-performing," HP) rats were selected from a sexually inexperienced population. Saline control LP rats (n = 44) lived 134.58 +/- 2.29 weeks, their HP peers (n = 49) lived 151.24 +/- 1.36 weeks. Life-long treatment with 0.25 mg/kg (-)deprenyl, a selective inhibitor of ...
Azzolina B - - 1997
The mechanism of inhibition of the rat types 1 and 2 5alpha-reductase by finasteride was investigated using recombinantly expressed enzymes. These studies revealed that finasteride is a potent, reversible inhibitor of the rat type 1 5alpha-reductase with Ki=10.2+/-1.3 nM. Finasteride is a potent inhibitor of the rat type 2; however, ...
Zhang C - - 1996
To test the hypothesis that monocular enucleation can cause a decrease in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in subcortical visual centers, serial sections of superior colliculi and lateral geniculate nuclei from normal and enucleated rats were processed for NOS immunohistochemistry and NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry. Adjacent sections were also reacted for cytochrome oxidase, ...
Engbretson B G - - 1996
The role of the anti-HIV agent zidovudine (ZDV = AZT) in the generation of mitochondrial myopathies and subsequent skeletal muscle contractile deficiencies was evaluated in male rats given ZDV in drinking water (1 mg/mL). After 6 weeks, there was no difference in treadmill run time between experimental (n = 6) ...
Obata T - - 1996
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) released from the rat liver into plasma and the activity levels of lipid peroxide (LPO) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in liver tissue were investigated after pretreatment of rats with the perilobular hepatotoxin allyl formate (AF). When 3H-pargyline was given to AF-pretreated rats, the levels of 3H-pargyline labelled ...
Colzi A - - 1996
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) is commonly considered to be the main dopamine (DA) metabolite produced by monoamine oxidase (MAO); however, the initial product of DA oxidation is 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetaldehyde (DOPALD). Owing to technical difficulties in detecting DOPALD from a biological matrix, no studies have so far been performed to measure brain levels ...
Dentan C - - 1996
We report here that 4-[2-aminoethyl]benzenesulfonyl fluoride (Pefabloc SC, Pefabloc), a new irreversible serine proteinase inhibitor, efficiently inhibits both human and rat platelet activating factor (PAF)-degrading acetylhydrolase (acetylhydrolase). Indeed, low concentrations of Pefabloc (0.1 mM) rapidly and totally inactivate both human plasma-, VLDL-, IDL-, LDL- and HDL-associated acetylhydrolase, and in addition, ...
Liu Y - - 1996
1. In vivo microdialysis with microbore-HPLC/ECD was employed to examine and compare changes of monoaminergic metabolites, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) in the nucleus accumbens (NuAc) and the neostriatum (Str) of freely moving rats, following systemic administration of the specific 5-HT(2) analogue. 2. The 5-HT(2) agonist decreased DOPAC ...
Bernard S - - 1996
We report the radiochemical synthesis of a specific MAO B inhibitor, namely 5-[4-(benzyloxy)phenyl]-3-(2-cyanoethyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-[11C]-2(3 H)-one (2b) (in vitro IC50=4nM and selectivity over 71000 for MAO B), by cyclization of its hydrazide precursor 1 with [11C]phosgene. The reaction occurred within 2 min. The product obtained after HPLC purification, 2b, had a high ...
Rucker R B - - 1996
Lysyl oxidase levels were estimated in rat tissues using an enzyme-linked immunosorption assay (ELISA) and a functional assay standardized against known amounts of purified lysyl oxidase. High concentrations of lysyl oxidase (> or = 150 micrograms/g of tissue or packed cells) were detected in connective tissues, such as tendon and ...
Dvornik D - - 1996
Aminoguanidine, nucleophilic hydrazine derivative, has been shown to inhibit diamine oxidase, the formation of advanced glycation endproducts, nitric oxide synthase, and catalase. Prompted by the reports that aminoguanidine also inhibits aldose reductase (AR), we have investigated the effect of aminoguanidine, 1,3-diaminoguanidine, and methylguanidine on AR activity in vitro, and in ...
Rafii H - - 1996
In vivo evaluation of MAO-A would be of great value for the diagnosis and follow-up of therapy of depression. In order to perform this exploration by SPECT, we developed an iodinated derivative of the reversible MAO-A inhibitor, moclobemide. Ro 11-9900 was synthesized and analysed by IR, NMR and HPLC. Radioiodination ...
Takeyama N - - 1996
Because reactive oxygen intermediates derived from xanthine oxidase may have an important role in the pathophysiology of lipopolysaccharide-mediated tissue injury, we studied hydrogen peroxide generation using 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole inactivation of hepatic catalase and the ratio of xanthine oxidase to xanthine dehydrogenase activity in rat livers after in vivo lipopolysaccharide administration. We ...
van Roermund C W - - 1995
In this paper we report on the subcellular localization of peroxisomal thiolase in rat liver using density-gradient centrifugation and immunoelectron microscopy. The results obtained show that peroxisomes display great biochemical heterogeneity and can not be regarded as one homogeneous population of particles. We conclude that rat liver contains at least ...
Roy S K - - 1995
O6-Benzylguanine is an effective inhibitor of the DNA repair protein, O6-alkylguanine-DNA alkyltransferase, and enhances the effectiveness of 1,3-bis(2-chloroethyl)-1-nitrosourea in cells in culture and animal tumor models. To prepare O6-benzylguanine for clinical trials and to determine the availability and disposition of O6-benzyl-7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (O6-benzyl-8-oxoguanine), its major metabolite, pharmacokinetic parameters of these compounds ...
Beer H F - - 1995
Using the copper assisted halogen exchange the MAO-B inhibitor Ro 43-0463, N-(2-aminoethyl)-5-iodo-2-pyridinecarboxamide, was labelled with 123I as well as with 125I to allow in vitro and in vivo investigations including SPET with healthy volunteers. Ro 43-0463 is known to inhibit reversibly and specifically MAO-B, having an IC50 of 3 x ...
Yu L - - 1995
A better understanding is needed to explain the mechanism of therapeutic effect of combined use of tetradrine-PVNO and tetradrine-QOHP which play very important roles in treatment of silicosis. Blood prolidase (PLD), monamine oxidase (MAO) and plasminogen (PLG) in silicotic rats after treatment with tetradrine-PVNO or tetradrine-QOHP were measured. The values ...
Arai R - - 1995
The aim of the present study is to examine whether serotonergic terminals of the rat brain are induced to contain dopamine by L-DOPA administration. In rats that received intraperitoneally L-DOPA plus a peripheral decarboxylase inhibitor, we showed by use of a double-labeling immunofluorescence method that dopamine was localized in serotonergic ...
Fowler J S - - 1995
Recent human PET studies with the monoamine oxidase B (MAO B) tracer [11C]L-deprenyl show that the rapid rate of radiotracer trapping relative to transport reduces the sensitivity of the tracer in regions of high MAO B concentration. This study investigates the use of deuterium substituted L-deprenyl ([11C]L-deprenyl-D2) to reduce the ...
Rafii H - - 1995
We described the radiosynthesis of an analog of Ro 16-6491, [125I]N-(2-aminoethyl)-4-iodobenzamide, for SPECT exploration of the monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) in human brain. The radiolabelling was carried out by nucleophilic exchange of the brominated precursor at solid-state phase in presence of ammonium sulphate. The radiochemical purity of radioiodinated product was ...
Lee S C - - 1995
The reduction of sulindac, sulphinpyrazone and diphenyl sulphoxide to their thioether analogues has been studied in vitro using rat and rabbit tissues. Sulindac reduction was about 10-fold higher in homogenates of rat kidney and liver than in other tissues although the tissue differences decreased when dithiothreitol was used as a ...
Scarcella D L - - 1995
The aim of this study was to investigate the deamination of dopamine in the intact pulmonary circulation of isolated lungs of the rat. The first part of the study showed that dopamine is not converted to noradrenaline by dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH) when dopamine is perfused through isolated lung preparations with monoamine ...
Udupa S L - - 1995
Isoniazid, an antitubercular drug, is known to be a potent inhibitor of monoamine oxidases. Effects of this drug, on lysyl oxidase (also a monoamine oxidase) and other wound healing parameters were studied in albino rats, in presence and absence of pyridoxal phosphate, using a dead space wound model. Tensile strength, ...
Thyagarajan S - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of long term treatment with deprenyl, a monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor, on estrous cyclicity, serum PRL, incidence of mammary and pituitary tumors, and monoamine metabolism in the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) and striatum (ST) of old female rats. Acyclic female Sprague-Dawley ...
Lyles G A - - 1995
High speed (105,000 g/60 min) membrane fractions from rat aorta homogenates metabolized the aliphatic amine aminoacetone (AA) to methylglyoxal (MG) with a Km of 19 +/- 3 microM, and Vmax of 510 +/- 169 nmol MG/hr/mg protein. This deaminating activity appears to be due to a semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO), ...
Arai R - - 1995
The aim of the present study is to examine by immunohistochemistry whether exogenous L-5-hydroxytryptophan (L-5HTP) is decarboxylated in neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNC) and locus coeruleus (LC) of the rat. In normal rats, neurons of the SNC and LC stained intensely for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC). ...
Nakos G - - 1995
Histochemical studies on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production by monoamine oxidase (MAOX) using xenobiotic (foreign) catecholamines such as tryptamine or tyramine as substrates may not reveal the true H2O2-production capacity of this enzyme and the potential co-localization and cooperation of MAOX with catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT), the other catecholamine-degrading enzyme. Therefore, in the ...
Borlongan C V - - 1995
Previous animal studies have demonstrated that systemic administration of 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) leads to neuropathological changes similar to those seen in Huntington's disease (HD). Recently, we reported hypoactivity in 6- and 10-week old rats treated with systemic 3-NP (IP, 10 mg/kg/day) once every 4 days for 28 days. Although these ...
Dethy S S Service de Neurologie, ULB-Hôpital Erasme, Brussels, - - 1995
We used a model of intrastriatal microdialysis in freely moving rats to study the effect of pergolide, a mixed D1/D2 dopamine (DA) receptor agonist with predominant D2 action in vivo, on the biotransformation of endogenous and exogenous L-DOPA. Levels of L-DOPA, DA, DOPAC, HVA and 5-HIAA were measured by high ...
de la Roza C - - 1994
The presence of cholinergic neurones in the rat red nucleus (RN) is a controversial subject. We investigated this issue by immunocytochemistry in both adult, normal and neonatally enucleated rats. Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT)-immunoreactive neurones were found in the RN only of enucleated rats. An increase in cytochrome oxidase staining was also ...
Lima L - - 1994
The concentration of dopamine, and its metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic and homovanillic acids, as well as serotonin and its metabolite 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid, were determined in the retina of two teleosts, C. auratus (goldfish) and E. plumieri (mojarra), and two mammals, R. norvegicus (rat) and O. cuniculus (rabbit). The turnover rate of these ...
Boucher J L - - 1994
N omega-Hydroxy-L-arginine (L-NOHA) is a potent inhibitor of the hydrolysis of L-arginine (L-Arg) to L-ornithine (L-Orn) catalyzed by purified bovine liver arginase (BLA). It appears as one of the most powerful arginase inhibitors reported so far (Ki = 150 microM). The other products of NO synthase are either without effect ...
Giovanni A - - 1994
Several parameters necessary for the expression of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced neurotoxicity to dopaminergic neurons were examined in both mice and rats in order to determine if differences in these processes might underlie the marked differences in the sensitivity of the two species to the neurotoxic effects of MPTP. Monoamine oxidase-B activity ...
Giovanni A - - 1994
There are marked species differences in susceptibility to the neurotoxic effects of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Mice are sensitive, whereas rats are relatively insensitive to MPTP. In these two species, the effects of peripherally administered MPTP or intrastriatally infused 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) were examined to identify potential underlying mechanisms responsible for their difference ...
Wu T W - - 1994
Recently, there has been renewed interest in propyl gallate, a preservative in foods and fuels. This compound, which exhibits antimicrobial activity, has been found to be toxicologically safe after almost 30 years of evaluation. In the present study, we examined whether propyl gallate is a hepatoprotective antioxidant, and investigated some ...
Sarti P - - 1994
Respiratory activity of intact cardiac myocytes isolated from rats treated with lonidamine (LND) has been examined under conditions where cytochrome oxidase turns over at its maximal rate. Compared to myocytes isolated from control rat hearts, those treated with LND displayed a 60% increase in the cytochrome oxidase-dependent rate of respiration; ...
Kooij A - - 1994
The aim of this study was to test whether conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase into xanthine oxidase as induced by fasting, ischemia of the liver or both is an in vivo process or only occurs in vitro in homogenates. For this purpose, the conversion rate of xanthine dehydrogenase into xanthine oxidase ...
Huh K - - 1994
The role of sex hormones in hepatic lipid peroxidation, and in hepatic aldehyde oxidase and xanthine oxidase activities were investigated using rat liver homogenates. It was observed that male rat had a significantly greater content of malondialdehyde in liver than female. Among the sex hormones tested, estradiol, one of female ...
Harrell A W - - 1994
BRL 55792, BRL 55791, and BRL 55039 are prodrugs of an active antiviral agent 9-(3-hydroxypropoxy) guanine (BRL 44385). The prodrugs were 6-deoxygenated analogs of BRL 44385, with ether groups substituted at the 9-position: BRL 55792 with an (isopropoxymethyloxy)propoxy group, BRL 55791 with a (methoxymethyloxy)propoxy group, and BRL 55039 with an ...
Levy R - - 1994
Stimulated superoxide generation was 2-fold higher in neutrophils from 20 rats with common bile-duct ligation (CBDL) compared to that of 20 sham-operated control rats. In order to study the mechanism of the higher NADPH oxidase activity in CBDL rats, the kinetic parameters of NADPH oxidase were analyzed. The Vmax of ...
Robertson I G - - 1994
Several drugs with structural similarities to SKF-525A were tested for their ability to inhibit rat liver aldehyde oxidase using the experimental antitumour agent N-[(2'-dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide (AC; NSC 601316; acridine carboxamide) as substrate. The antihistamine D-chlorpheniramine, and the antiarrhythmics disopyramide, procainamide and lignocaine were ineffective in inhibiting this reaction. The antihistamines diphenhydramine, ...
DaSilva J N - - 1994
[11C]Tetrabenazine ([11C]TBZ) is a new in vivo radioligand for positron emission tomographic (PET) imaging of vesicular monoamine transporters. The in vivo distribution, metabolism and pharmacological specificity of [11C]TBZ has been determined in rodents. Regional mouse brain retention of [11C]TBZ is highest in brain regions with greatest monoaminergic innervation (striatum, hypothalamus) ...
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