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Results 501 - 540 of 540
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Lai F M - - 1977
1 The role of monoamine oxidase (MAO) in the maintenance of deoxycorticosterone-sodium chloride (DOCA-salt) hypertension was investigated by assaying the MAO activity both in central as well as peripheral blood vessels and in brain tissue. 2 The results suggest that the activity of MAO in the DOCA-salt hypertensive rat is ...
Valenzuela H - - 1977
Phenol oxidase activity of the iris and the ciliary body in normal young rats of three differently pigmented strains, Lewis (albino), E3 (light brown, hooded), and BDE (black, hooded), was studied using DL-Dopa. Applicability of the histochemical method was controlled with skin samples taken from the necks of the animals. ...
Buck S H - - 1977
An enzymatic assay for octopamine capable of detecting 50 pg of amine was developed and used to study the distribution of octopamine in regions of the rat central nervous system. The presence of octopamine in the rat pineal organ was confirmed by mass spectrometry; Administration of a monoamine oxidase inhibitor ...
Wong K P - - 1976
Tyramine was conjugated with sulphate by extracts of monkey intestine and livers of monkey, rat, mouse, guinea pig and man. The activity measured in monkey intestine was almost three times that of monkey liver. Labelled tyramine sulphate synthesized from [14C] tyramine, [3H] tyramine or Na235SO4, on acid hydrolysis, released its ...
Tricklebank M D - - 1976
Five-day-old rats subjected to prolonged asphyxia at 37 degrees C show a slower rate of synthesis of 5-HT as measured by the accumulation of the amine after inhibition of monoamine oxidase. During recovery from asphyxia 5-HT synthesis is markedly stimulated when measured over a 50 or 90 min period. No ...
Costall B - - 1976
A wide variety of phenylethylamine derivatives were injected bilaterally into the nucleus accumbens of rat following a nialamide pretreatment and hyperactivity was recorded. 2-Phenylethylamine was shown to induce a low intensity hyperactivity but the introduction of hydroxyl functions on to the phenyl ring at the 3- and/or 4-positions enhanced activity ...
Rosenberg M - - 1976
Two alpha1-protease inhibitors were identified in rat serum. On polyacrylamide gels, one (R-I) appeared at the leading edge of the albumin, the other (R-2) at the trailing edge. The two inhibitors have differing molecular weights, differing inhibitory spectra toward proteases, and are immunologically distinct. The assays for antiprotease activity were ...
Matsumura F - - 1976
Chlordimeform is a relatively new acaricide/insecticide, whose mode of action we have investigated. It appears to interfere with amine-mediated control of nervous and endocrine systems in a variety of ways. Specifically, chlordimeform causes a build-up of the amines 5-hydroxytryptamine and to a lesser extent norepinephrine in the rat brain in ...
Chen C H - - 1976
The activity of monoamine oxidase (MAO), an enzyme which metabolized catecholamines and indoleamines, was determined in rat placenta at various stages of gestation, in human term placenta, and in choriocarcinoma grown in culture. From Day 15 to Day 20 of gestation the specific activity (units/mg protein) of MAO in rat ...
Misra R S - - 1976
Several 2-(substituted alkoxy/hydrazinocarbonyl acetanilidothio)benzoxazoles/benzothiazoles were synthesized and characterized by their sharp melting points, elemental analyses, and IR spectra. All thiobenzoxazoles/benzothiazoles possessed low anticonvulsant activity, which was reflected by the 10-40% protection afforded by these compounds against pentylenetetrazol-induced convulsions. All thiobenzoxazoles/benzothiazoles inhibited selectively the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent oxidation of pyruvate, ...
Suzuki O - - 1976
The distribution of type A and B monamine oxidase (MAO) activities in the central nervous system (CNS) of rat and chick was investigated using 5-hydroxytryptamine and beta-phenylethylamine as specific substrates. The distribution of type A MAO was similar to that of type B MAO in rat CNS, but quite different ...
Leeling J - - 1976
The effects of 1-methyl-3-keto-4-phenylquinuclidinium bromide (MA540) on tissue monoamine levels in male rats have been compared to those of guanethidine. Neither compound influenced norepinephrine (NE) or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) levels in brain or epinephrine (E) levels in adrenal medulla. MA540 is about twice as potent as guanethidine as a heart NE ...
Bakhle Y S - - 1976
Phenylethylamine is inactivated in a single passage through rat lung tissue by a process of uptake and deamination by a monoamine oxidase 'type B'. This enzyme is particularly susceptible to inhibition by deprenil and less sensitive to clorgyline. The monoamine oxidase of the lung, like that of other rat tissues, ...
Lowe M C - - 1975
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) increases in an age-weight relationship in the hearts of male rats. Accumulation of MAO is not related to the activities of such mitochondrial enzymes as succinic dehydrogenase or cytochrome oxidase which do not change with age. Our previous experiments, utilizing serotonin as a substrate, have determined that ...
Varma S D - - 1975
Flavonoids are effective inhibitors of lens aldose reductase. Quercetin, quercitrin, and myricitrin are significantly more potent than the previously known aldose reductase inhibitors. The inhibitory activity is of the noncompetitive type. In addition, quercitrin effectively blocks polyol accumulation in intact rat lenses incubated in medium containing high concentration of sugars.
Pataki A - - 1975
In a histochemical test system with adrenaline as substrate and nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) as electron acceptor, an increase of NBT reduction in rat liver sections was found microspectrophotometrically following short hypotonic treatment. Investigations with iproniazide, a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, and non-enzymatic NBT reduction showed that the increased formazan formation was ...
Hayashi H - - 1975
After Wistar male rats had been fed on a diet containing 0.25% of ethyl p-chlorophenoxyisobutyrate (CPIB) for 28 days, changes in the enzyme activities and centrifugal behavior of rat liver peroxisomes were investigated. (1) Compared with control rats fed on the basal diet, the catalase [EC 1.11.1.6] activity of rat ...
Reynolds E S - - 1975
A single 6-hr exposure to vinyl chloride monomer (5%) produces extensive vacuolization of centrolobular liver parenchyma and focal midzonal necrosis in the hepatic lobuole in phenobarbital-pretreated rats. Ultrastructurally, vacuolization consists of dilation of cysternae of rough endoplasmic reticulum and in the same cells smooth endoplasmic reticulum coalesces into discreet aggregates ...
Dyck L E - - 1975
The urinary excretion levels of meta tyramine (mTA), para tyramine (pTA) and beta-phenylethylamine (PE) in the untreated rat have been established. The effects of intraperitoneal injections of a precursor (L-Dopa) and some inhibitors of monoamine oxidation (pargyline), decarboxylation (Ro4-4602) and hydroxylation (iprindole, imipramine and para chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) are consistent with ...
Kaul P - - 1975
The paper describes the effect of two drugs, (Eltroxine and Neomercazol) on the nature and activity of monoamine oxidase (MAO) in albino rats. Four organs namely liver, kidney, brain and heart were examined from this point of view. Biological activity measurements were done using tyramine hydrochloride as the substrate. The ...
Fried R - - 1975
Superoxide dismutase from breef brain and rat liver was assayed in an enzymatic system, using xanthine oxidase, and a non-enzymatic system, based on aerobic reduction of nitro-blue tetrazolium in presence of phenazine methosulphate. The non-enzymatic assay is rapid and simple and permits simulatneous analysis of many samples. Similar results are ...
Davis V E - - 1975
Tetrahydropapaveroline, the tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloid derived from dopamine, is converted in vivo by rats and by rat liver and brain preparations to tetrahydroprotoberberine alkaloids. The latter alkaloids have also been identified for the first time in the urine of parkinsonian patients receiving L-dopa therapy. These findings suggest that man, like plants, ...
Wurtman R J - - 1975
Major increases in the serotonin concentrations of rat pineal organs were produced by administering Catron, a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, prior to autopsy, or by preincubating the glands with serotonin (3X10-4M). These increases had no effect on pineal uptake of H3-tryptophan, the amino acid precursor for serotonin. These observations provide further ...
Grahame-Smith D G - - 1974
1 Administration to rats of LiCl (3 mEq/kg) subcutaneously twice daily for 3 days followed by monoamine oxidase inhibition with either tranylcypromine (TCP; 20 mg/kg) or pargyline (75 mg/kg) on the fourth day produces a syndrome of hyperactivity indistinguishable from that produced by monoamine oxidase inhibition and L-tryptophan administration.2 At ...
Hölttä E - - 1973
1. Injections of sublethal doses of methylglyoxal bis(guanylhydrazone), a potent inhibitor of putrescine-activated S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in vitro, resulted after a few days in an immense increase in the activity of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase in normal and regenerating rat liver and in rat thymus. The increase in the activity of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase ...
Coquil J F - - 1973
1. Two forms of monoamine oxidase activity were differentiated in rat mesenteric and femoral artery by means of substrate and inhibitor specificities: one form deaminated tyramine, 5-hydroxytryptamine and noradrenaline and was highly sensitive to pargyline and clorgyline but resistant towards carbonyl reagents. This form resembled type A monoamine oxidase previously ...
Agid Y - - 1973
Monoamine oxidase and aldehyde dehydrogenase activity were significantly reduced in the striatum of rats 8 days after lesion of the nigrostriatal nerve pathway caused by 6-hydroxydopamine. Evidence is presented for the existence of an intraneuronal 'dopamine monoamine oxidase' and intraneuronal aldehyde dehydrogenase. Dopamine concentrations were reduced to 10% of their ...
Uzunov P - - 1973
The soluble supernatant fraction of homogenates of cloned rat astrocytoma cells (linle C-2A) was subjected to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Two peaks of adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate phosphodiesterase activity were found, corresponding to peaks I and IV of a similarly prepared homogenate of rat brain. Incubating cells with norepinephrine (0.3 mullimolar) caused about ...
Edwards D J - - 1973
1. Phenethylamines were extracted from brain and liver of rats with phenylketonuria-like characteristics produced in vivo by inhibition of phenylalanine hydroxylase (EC 1.14.3.1) with p-chlorophenylalanine, with or without phenylalanine administration. To protect amines against oxidation by monoamine oxidase, pargyline was also administered. 2. beta-Phenethylamine was the major compound found in ...
Bustos G - - 1972
A simple in vitro system was developed to study the effect of gamma-hydroxybutyrate on nerve cell depolarization-induced release of labelled DA and 5-hydroxytryptamine. The release of (3)H-dopamine formed in rat striatal slices incubated with (3)3H-tyrosine was followed. A three minute exposure to K+ (53.0 mM) caused a thirty-fold increase in ...
Bell L J - - 1970
1. The effects of intraventricular injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) on tyrosine hydroxylase activity, uptake of (3)H-noradrenaline and endogenous catecholamine concentration in rat hypothalamus and striatum were investigated at various times after the injection of 6-OHDA.2. In the hypothalamus after the injection of 250 mug of 6-OHDA there was a rapid ...
Beckman A L - - 1970
The rat hypothalamus contains thermally insensitive, normally sensisitive, and highly thermosensitive cells. The responses of thermosensitive neurons to microelectrophoretically applied acetylcholine, norepinephrine, and 5-hydroxy-tryptamine were the same in both rats and cats. The firing rate of warm-sensitive interneurons was accelerated by acetylcholine and inhibited by norepinephrine. The firing rate of ...
Clarke D E - - 1970
1. Bretylium, BW392C60, bethanidine, nialamide and pheniprazine, but not guanethidine or ouabain, were all capable of restoring the cardiovascular response to tyramine in reserpine pretreated rats anaesthetized with sodium pentobarbitone.2. In parallel with their recorded in vitro activity as monoamine oxidase inhibitors, BW392C60 was found to be more potent at ...
Spencer P S - - 1969
1. The convulsive effects of leptazol in the rat are potentiated by prior treatment with dexamphetamine.2. An intact dopamine synthesis is necessary for the potentiation of the convulsive action of leptazol.3. An intact noradrenaline synthesis is not necessary for this action of amphetamine, as long as the dopamine synthesis is ...
Schnaitman C - - 1967
Controlled osmotic lysis (water-washing) of rat liver mitochondria results in a mixed population of small vesicles derived mainly from the outer mitochondrial membrane and of larger bodies containing a few cristae derived from the inner membrane. These elements have been separated on Ficoll and sucrose gradients. The small vesicles were ...
SCHUEL H - - 1964
The zonal ultracentrifuge was used to separate the subcellular components of rat liver brei into soluble phase, microsomal, mitochondrial, membranous fragments, and nuclear fractions during a single centrifugation. The centrifuge was run at 10,000 to 30,000 RPM for 15 to 240 minutes, and the rotor contained a 1200 ml sucrose ...
MUSTAKALLIO K K - - 1961
A histochemical method for demonstration of monoamine oxidase activity was found to be almost as sensitive as a biochemical method when used for revealing total inhibition of monoamine oxidase in rat tissues after administration of beta-phenyl-isopropyl hydrazine. The histochemical method is of special value in the study of monoamine oxidase ...
BARLOW R B - - 1961
Certain substances, 2-bromolysergic acid diethylamide, dimethyltryptamine (3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)indole), 2-methyldimethyltryptamine (3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)-2-methylindole), and 5-benzyloxydimethyltryptamine (5-benzyloxy-3-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)indole), antagonize the effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine on the rat fundus strip more than those of tryptamine. These substances have been tested for their ability to inhibit the oxidation of tryptamine and 5-hydroxytryptamine by suspensions of guinea-pig liver and rat ...
DALY M M - - 1959
Oxygen consumption and cytochrome oxidase activity of aortas of rats with experimental hypertension were found to be higher than the corresponding values for aortas of normotensive animals. The higher metabolic activity of aortas of hypertensive animals appeared to be due both to an increase in the proportion of muscle cells ...
KRETCHMER N - - 1954
1. Shifts of enzymatic activity have been followed during the formation and evolution of the droplets that form in the cells of the proximal convolution of the nephron of the rat after the injection of a 50 per cent solution of egg white in isotonic saline. 2. Twelve hours after ...
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