Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 860
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Gilad E - - 1998
PURPOSE: Melatonin, secreted by the pineal gland at night, inhibits pubertal development in rats and possibly humans. We have recently found functional specific binding sites for 125I-labeled melatonin (125I-melatonin) in human benign prostate tissue, localized in the microsomal fraction of the glandular epithelium. The aim of the present study was ...
Kessler O J - - 1998
PURPOSE: Chronic prostatitis is a common histopathological finding in prostatectomized patients. A possible interrelationship between the presence of leukocyte exudate and the extent of the hyperplastic lesions has been suggested. The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of the immunomodulator compounds, Complete Freund Adjuvant (CFA) and ...
Gill R K - - 1998
Available evidence indicates that transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is produced by bone cells, that production is enhanced by testosterone and dihydrotestosterone, and that TGFbeta is an important modulator of bone formation, induction, and repair. To determine the relative concentrations of isoforms of skeletal TGFbeta, whether orchiectomy alters the concentration ...
di Salle E - - 1998
PNU 157706 is a novel dual inhibitor of 5alpha-reductase (5alpha-R), the enzyme responsible for the conversion of testosterone (T) to 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Tested on a crude preparation of human or rat prostatic 5alpha-R, PNU 157706 caused enzyme inhibition with IC50 values of 20 and 34 nM, respectively, compared to the ...
Larriva-Sahd J - - 1998
A possible sex difference in the mean sagittal area of the anterior commissure (AC) was investigated in normal, newborn-castrated, and perinatally-androgenized rats. A second experiment included castrated adult rats from each sex exposed to testosterone twelve days before sacrifice. In normal rats, as well as in those exposed to testosterone ...
Smith L K - - 1997
The pattern of playful defense used during play fighting by male rats (Rattus norvegicus) castrated at birth was compared to that of sham-operated and untreated controls during the juvenile phase and after puberty. The neonatal castrates failed to exhibit the age-related changes in playful defense present in intact male rats ...
Wango E O - - 1997
Male rats were divided into six groups of five rats each. Rats were injected subcutaneously with different concentrations of heptachlor for 2 weeks. Heptachlor at all doses significantly suppressed plasma testosterone levels (P < 0.05). Plasma luteinizing hormone (LH) (P < 0.01) and cortisol (P < 0.02) levels were significantly ...
Di Iulio J L - - 1997
The conversion of L-arginine to L-citrulline by nitric oxide synthase and other enzymes was studied in rat, pig and rabbit prostate glands by incubating preparations of the glands with [3H]L-arginine and measuring [3H]L-citrulline formation. The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor N(G)-nitro-L-arginine, (100 microM) reduced [3H]L-citrulline production in preparations from all three ...
Hansen L A - - 1997
The regulation by oestradiol and testosterone of fluid reabsorption in the efferent ducts of the rat was investigated by determining the effects of administering the hormones and their antagonists. Untreated rats were compared to animals treated for 7 days with testosterone propionate (1 mg d(-1)), oestradiol benzoate (400 microg d(-1)), ...
Baum L O - - 1997
Cytochrome P-450 2D is a subfamily of the cytochrome P-450-dependent mixed function oxidase system which is widely distributed in the various tissues of mammals. Sex steroid hormones have been shown to affect the expression of CYP2D in rat brain. Testosterone treatment of ovariectomized female rats elicits a dramatic increase in ...
Schirar A - - 1997
Expression and androgen regulation of the gene for neuronal nitric oxide synthase (NOS I) were examined in neurons of the major pelvic ganglia in male rats. Some of these postganglionic neurons innervate the penis and produce nitric oxide, which is believed to play a major role in penile erection. Rats ...
Tobin V A - - 1997
We have recently shown that castration alters GnRH-induced calcium (Ca2+) signaling in the gonadotropes of male rats. Instead of generating spike-plateau Ca2+ responses to high concentrations of GnRH (100 nM), the majority of gonadotropes from castrated rats have oscillatory Ca2+ responses, which are generally only seen with low concentrations of ...
Lane K E - - 1997
We, and others, have previously described the histological changes that occur in the prostate gland of intact Noble (NBL) rats following prolonged hormonal treatment. Dysplasia, a pre-neoplastic lesion, develops specifically in the dorsolateral prostates (DLPs) of NBL rats treated for 16 weeks with a combined regimen of testosterone (T) and ...
de Carvalho H F - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The extracellular matrix (ECM) has important roles in prostatic development, and marked stromal changes take place in the rat ventral prostate (VP) after androgen deprivation. However, little knowledge exists about individual ECM components. METHODS: The distribution of elastic fibers (EF) and elastic-related fibers (ERF) in the VP of castrated ...
Nakayama O - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Steroid 5 alpha-reductase is implicated in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). We studied the in vitro and in vivo effects of FR146687, a new inhibitor of 5 alpha-reductase. METHODS: Two isozymes of rat and human 5 alpha-reductases were expressed in 293 cells. In vivo effects of drugs ...
Izumiya K - - 1997
To elucidate the effect of decreased amounts of collagen on prostatic growth, beta-aminopropionitrile, one of the agents that selectively inhibit collagen formation, was administered, with or without exogenous androgen and/or hypophysectomy, to rats of varying ages. The weight of the ventral prostate and the collagen content and the ratio of ...
Reiter E - - 1997
Differential display analysis was carried out to find, in the rat prostate, genes that could be regulated by Luteinizing Hormone (LH), independently of the androgens. Hypophysectomized and castrated adult rats were treated with either LH, testosterone or saline. Regulated discrete bands have been eluted and reamplified. After Northern blotting, the ...
Lane K E - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Long-term treatment of Noble (NBL) rats with testosterone (T) and estradiol-17 beta (E2) induces dysplasia in the dorsolateral lobe (DLP) but not in the ventral lobe (VP) of the rat prostate. The aim of this study was to determine whether metabolic conversion of E2 to catechol estrogens (CEs), which ...
Reilly C M - - 1997
Prior studies from this laboratory, using untreated castrated (CASTRATE) rats and testosterone-treated castrated (TESTO) rats, have shown that the magnitude of the intracavernosal pressure increase during erection is androgen dependent. Studies from this and other laboratories have also presented evidence suggesting that penile erection is mediated principally by nitric oxide ...
Umekita Y - - 1997
The rat homologue of human maspin cDNA was cloned. The deduced amino acid sequence of rat maspin was homologous to human maspin with 88% of the amino acids conserved. Rat maspin mRNA was detected in rat mammary gland, vagina, urinary bladder, thymus, small intestine, skin, ventral prostate, seminal vesicles, and ...
Hiermann A - - 1997
Hexane and water extracts, as well as an ultrafiltration fraction (MW < 1000 Da) obtained from the water extract from Epilobium angustifolium L. (Onagraceae) were administered perorally (p.o.) on intact male rats as well as on testosterone stimulated castrated rats and changes in growth of prostate, musculus laevator ani and ...
Cowley B D BD - - 1997
Human autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common inherited disease and displays a gender dimorphism in renal disease progression. Han:SPRD-Cy rats manifest a form of ADPKD that is similar in many respects to that seen in humans. In Han:SPRD rats, male Cy/+ rats have more prominent renal changes ...
Pollard M - - 1997
Lobund-Wistar (L-W) rats are inherently susceptible to spontaneous and induced metastasizing adenocarcinomas in the prostate-seminal vesicle (P-SV) complex. L-W rats were fed soy protein isolates containing high isoflavones (genistein and daidzein) or low isoflavones to determine their effects on development of induced P-SV tumors in two stages of the tumorigenic ...
Raji Y - - 1997
The crude methanol extract of the stem wood of Quassia amara. L. (A-1) significantly caused a reduction in the weight of the testis, epididymis and seminal vesicle, but an increase in that of the anterior pituitary gland. Epididymal sperm counts, serum levels of testosterone, luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating ...
Ye F - - 1997
The fuzzy rat, a genetic mutant between hairless and hairy albino rats, expresses androgen-dependent hypersecretion of sebum and hyperplastic sebaceous glands. Using this model for human acne, we examined the effects of inhibitors of human steroid 5 alpha-reductase isozymes, type I (MK 386) and type II (finasteride), and an androgen ...
Gordon E - - 1997
Testosterone has been shown to stimulate bone healing. However, large doses of testosterone are associated with liver damage and prostate enlargement. Continuous release of testosterone at the traumatized bone site could enhance healing without inducing systemic side effects. In this investigation a self-setting zinc sulfate calcium phosphate (ZSCAP) ceramic with ...
Freeman L M - - 1996
The spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) is a sexually dimorphic motor nucleus in the rat lumbar spinal cord. The sex difference arises through the androgenic sparing of the motoneurons and their target muscles from ontogenetic cell death. Indirect evidence suggests that androgen acts on the target muscles rather than ...
Wang R Y - - 1996
The secretion of erythropoietin (EPO) and testosterone in response to hypoxia in old (22-25 months), middle (mid)-aged (15-17 months), adult (6-7 months), and young (3 months) male rats was studied. Rats of different ages were bled by cardiac puncture before and subsequent to 8 h exposure to 12% O2. The ...
Konety B R - - 1996
Although increasing data indicate a role for vitamin D in prostate cancer, little is known about the role of this hormone in the noncancerous prostate. We examined the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25 D) on the growth of noncancerous rat prostates in vivo. Rats were castrated and treated with vehicle ...
Engelstein D - - 1996
Citral is a monoterpene in wide use as an aromatic supplement in the cosmetics and food industries. Previous studies in our laboratory have shown that cutaneous application of citral on adolescent rats may induce benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)-like and even atypical hyperplastic changes in the ventral lobes. In the present ...
Tamano S - - 1996
The origin of chemically induced male accessory sex gland tumors was studied in Lobund-Wistar rats. Rats were treated at the age of 3 months with a single intravenous injection of 30 mg N-nitrosomethylurea (NMU)/kg body weight and given subcutaneous silastic implants filled with 40 mg testosterone propionate. Previous reports described ...
Lee Y H - - 1996
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted to extend our earlier study on the role of testosterone in the pathogenesis of urolithiasis and to further investigate the influence of sex hormone on the pathogenesis of calcium oxalate stone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 9 groups, each containing ...
Sharma A C - - 1996
The influence of sepsis on male reproductive function in chronic animal models has not been extensively investigated. On the basis of earlier clinical studies, it was hypothesized that chronic intraperitoneal (i.p.) sepsis in rats would modulate the circulating levels of steroid reproductive hormones. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (300-375 g) were randomized ...
Sutherland R S - - 1996
PURPOSE: Recent studies in the rat suggest that early exposure to exogenous testosterone accelerates the loss of androgen receptors and compromises eventual penile length. To determine whether this is true in men we measured adult penile length of patients treated in childhood for sexual precocity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined ...
Hanley K - - 1996
Previous studies have shown that ontogeny of the epidermal permeability barrier and lung occur in parallel in the fetal rat, and that pharmacologic agents, such as glucocorticoids and thyroid hormone, accelerate maturation at comparable developmental time points. Gender also influences lung maturation, i.e., males exhibit delayed development. Sex steroid hormones ...
Vizzotto L - - 1996
The effect of testosterone on the morphology and biochemistry of adult castrated rat liver is described. Castration decreases mean weight and volume of hepatocytes, volume and surface area of sinusoidal lumen, and apparently increases cell number per g of tissue. These variations indicate cell distress. Testosterone administration restored sinusoidal volume ...
Nomura K - - 1996
The significance of stress-induced hypogonadism remains unclear. Since plasma testosterone and LH have renotropic activity that is other than reproductive, we hypothesize that stress-induced hypogonadism is an adaptive response to protect the kidney. To examine this hypothesis, we prepared hypogonadal male rats with different levels of LH and testosterone through ...
Span P N - - 1996
The rat prostate, a classical androgen-target tissue, contains both known isozymes of steroid 5alpha-reductase. i.e. type I and type II. So far, the role of the type I isozyme has been proposed as catabolic. The abundant expression of type I 5alpha-reductase in an androgen-target tissue is therefore puzzling. Assessment of ...
Terry D E - - 1996
Androgen dependence of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in the prostate was studied using tissue from intact (sham control), castrated, and androgen-treated castrated rats. GAGs from the ventral, dorsal, and lateral lobes of the prostate were isolated and characterized by cellulose electrophoresis using appropriate GAG standards and enzymatic digestion or nitrous acid hydrolysis. ...
Terry D E - - 1996
There are recognized interactions between prostatic stromal and epithelial cells. These interactions may be influenced by the composition of the extracellular matrix, which is composed of proteins such as collagen, laminin, fibronectin, and proteoglycans (PGs) such as chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan (CSPG). In our continuing studies on prostate biology, we examined ...
Span P N - - 1996
Immunocytochemical studies and mRNA measurements have shown that the rat epididymis--like the rat prostate--expresses both rat steroid 5alpha-reductase isozymes, i.e. type I and II. So far, enzyme activity measurements in rat epididymis homogenates, however, do not support the presence of type I 5alpha-reductase activity. Incubating homogenates of both tissues with ...
Carlos C P - - 1996
This study investigated the role of the early lactation milk (ELM) on the male reproductive performance and the participation of GnRH on this effect in Wistar rats. Newborn males were divided into three experimental groups: 1) ELM-deprived pups, 2) ELM-deprived pups treated with exogenous GnRH 1, 7, 25, and 31 ...
Miyashita K - - 1995
To investigate the underlying mechanisms of sex-related differences in liver type 1 iodothyronine deiodinase (ID1), we studied the sex-related differences and roles of sex steroids in liver ID1 mRNA levels in the rat. In both euthyroid and thyroidectomized rats, liver ID1 activity and ID1 mRNA levels in female rats were ...
Ohyama K - - 1995
Present study was planned to clarify the effects of GH and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) on testosterone secretion using premature male rats. Forty rats were divided four groups. GH, IGF-I, both of them or normal saline solution as control were subcutaneously administered to the rats of each group for ...
Tanaka J - - 1995
Averaged antidromic field potentials were recorded near motoneuronal somata of the spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) after stimulation of their axons, in intact, castrated, and testosterone-treated castrated male rats under urethane anesthesia. When the SNB motoneurons were antidromically activated with double pulses to the bulbocavernosus (BC) nerve, the first ...
Murakami R - - 1995
The distal segment of the os penis of the rat develops as a fibrocartilage which is replaced with non-lamellar bone by endochondral ossification after puberty. Development of the fibrocartilage and its calcification have been shown to be induced by androgens, but androgen-dependency of the endochondral ossification has not been studied ...
Wilson M J - - 1995
Several proteolytic enzymes are involved in mediating the regression of the prostate gland following castration. A previous study showed that plasminogen activator activities are elevated only in the ventral lobe by castration in the rat. Since matrix metalloproteases represent a different class of protease that degrade extracellular matrix, this study ...
Odinecs A - - 1995
The contribution of testosterone to the nephrotoxic effects of 1,2-dichloropropane (DCP) was assessed by a series of castration and sex hormone replacement experiments on Wistar rats. The nephrotoxic action of DCP was evaluated by measuring the accumulation of organic anion and release of aspartate aminotransferase into the incubation medium using ...
Kharbanda K - - 1995
An attempt was made to purify and physicochemically characterize the inhibin-like activity of rat ventral prostate based on the technique of immunosorption. It was possible to partially purify prostatic inhibin by affinity chromatography and the molecular size of inhibin-like material was shown to be less than 35 kDa.
Agular B M - - 1995
The effects of 0.1 microM dexamethasone on cytochrome P450 content, 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3 beta-HSD) activity, and basal and LH-induced testosterone production of Leydig cells from rats 3, 5, 7 and 10 weeks old were examined. The cytochrome P450 content of Leydig cells from rats 3 weeks old was increased ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >