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Yan Hong-Tao HT People's Hospital of Jilin Province, Changchun 130041, - - 2014
To investigate the expression of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in diabetic retinopathy (DR) rats and its effect on the DR occurrence and development. A total of 120 SD rats were randomly divided into trial group and control group with 60 in each. STZ i.p. ...
Matthews Shawna B SB 1Cancer Prevention Laboratory, Colorado State - - 2014
In contrast to the null effects generally reported, high-risk premenopausal women (Gail score ≥1.66) enrolled in the Breast Cancer Prevention P-1 Trial were recently reported to be at increased risk for breast cancer when overweight (HR, 1.59) or obese (HR, 1.70). To investigate this clinical observation in a preclinical setting, ...
Riabroy Napaporn N Interdepartmental Graduate Program in Nutritional Sciences, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 1415 Linden Drive, Madison, WI 53706, - - 2014
Dietary α-carotene is present in oranges and purple-orange carrots. Upon the central cleavage of α-carotene in the intestine, α-retinal and retinal are formed and reduced to α-retinol (αR) and retinol. Previous reports have suggested that αR has 2% biopotency of all-trans-retinyl acetate due in part to its inability to bind ...
Ito Hiroyuki - - 2013
To clarify the developmental changes in serotonergic neurons in the subdivisions of the dorsal (DR) and median raphe (MR) nuclei before puberty, the extent of the nuclei and the number of serotonin (5-HT) immunoreactive (ir) cells were measured in 5-, 15-, and 30-day-old rats and 8-week-old (adult) castrated male rats. ...
Akieda-Asai S - - 2013
Summary: Objective: We assessed the metabolic characteristics of high-fat-diet-resistant (DR) rats.Methods: Body weight, energy intake, locomotor activity, oxygen consumption, plasma leptin and lipid levels, size of visceral-fat adipocytes, and mRNA levels of genes related to lipid metabolism were measured in control rats fed standard chow and in obesity-prone (high-fat-diet-induced obesity, ...
Taniguchi Chika - - 2013
The aim of this study was to develop new dipyridamole (DP) salts with pH-independent solubility for improving oral bioavailability under hypochlorhydria. Salt screening was carried out using nine counterions by the temperature gradient method. Six DP salts were obtained, and there was marked improvement in dissolution behavior for all DP ...
Lukkes Jodi L - - 2013
Adverse early life experience is thought to increase an individual's susceptibility to mental health disorders, including anxiety and affective disorders, later in life. Our previous studies have shown that post-weaning social isolation of female rats during a critical period of development sensitizes an anxiety-related serotonergic dorsal raphe nucleus (DR) system ...
Cao Yu - - 2013
Endothelial dysfunction participates in the development and progression of salt-sensitive hypertension. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS). The objectives of this study were to investigate the impact of a high salt diet on the PRMT/ADMA/DDAH (protein arginine methyltransferases; dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase) pathway in Dahl salt-sensitive ...
Azmaiparashvili Elza - - 2012
Ductular reaction (DR) in bile duct ligated rats generally appears from 2nd day after biliary obstruction (BO). However, we show that increased amount of ductular profiles is evident already in 6 hours after BDL. The study aims to explain the origin of such an early DR in response to BO. ...
Rodríguez-Enríquez Sara - - 2012
The effects of α-tocopheryl succinate (α-TOS), α-tocopheryl acetyl ether (α-TEA) and triphenylphosphonium-tagged vitamin E succinate (mitochondrially targeted vitamin E succinate; MitoVES) on energy-related mitochondrial functions were determined in mitochondria isolated from AS-30D hepatoma and rat liver, bovine heart sub-mitochondrial particles (SMPs), and in rodent and human carcinoma cell lines and ...
Cheshchevik V T - - 2012
In current societies, the risk of toxic liver damage has markedly increased. The aim of the present work was to carry out further research into the mechanism(s) of liver mitochondrial damage induced by acute (0.8g/kg body weight, single injection) or chronic (1.6g/ kg body weight, 30days, biweekly injections) carbon tetrachloride ...
Siewiera Karolina - - 2012
Poly(amido)amine (PAMAM) dendrimer G3 was investigated for its ability to support the proper functioning of rat heart mitochondria exposed to hyperglycemia, in both the in vitro and in vivo experiments. The main aims of this study were to check whether PAMAM G3 dendrimer improves the efficiency of the impaired respiration ...
Gharib Abdallah - - 2012
Coenzyme Q(2) (CoQ(2)) is known to inhibit mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) opening in isolated rat liver mitochondria. In this study, we investigated and compared the effects of CoQ(2) on mPTP opening and ROS production in isolated rabbit heart and rat liver mitochondria. Mitochondria were isolated from New Zealand White ...
Adibi Mehdi - - 2012
Rats use their vibrissal sensory system to collect information about the nearby environment. They can accurately and rapidly identify object location, shape, and surface texture. Which features of whisker motion does the sensory system extract to construct sensations? We addressed this question by training rats to make discriminations between sinusoidal ...
Nishida F - - 2011
Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) is a powerful neuroprotective molecule in the brain and spinal cord. We have previously shown that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) IGF-I gene therapy is an effective strategy to increase IGF-I levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Since aging in rats is associated with severe motor function deterioration, we ...
De Palma A - - 2010
Here, the oxoglutarate carrier, already isolated from various sources and described in the literature, has been purified from rat brain and reconstituted in proteoliposomes for an accurate kinetic study. The rate of uptake of labelled oxoglutarate and malate has been measured in various conditions, essentially in double substrate experiments. The ...
Li Wenjun - - 2011
Dichloroacetate (DCA) is a potential environmental hazard and an investigational drug. Repeated doses of DCA result in reduced drug clearance, probably through inhibition of glutathione transferase ζ1 (GSTZ1), a cytosolic enzyme that converts DCA to glyoxylate. DCA is known to be taken up by mitochondria, where it inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase ...
Das Umashankar - - 2010
A series of 2-(3-aryl-1-oxo-2-propenyl)-3-methylquinoxaline-1,4-dioxides 1a-l and 2-acetyl-3-methylquinoxaline-1,4-dioxide 2 were evaluated against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H(37)Rv. With the exception of the 4-nitro analog 1k, significant antitubercular potencies were observed in series 1 and 2 which have IC(50) values in the range of 1-23 microM. Negative correlations were noted between the IC(50) values ...
Chudapongse Nuannoi - - 2010
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Phyllanthus urinaria is widely used as anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrheal and hepatoprotective medicines in Asian countries such as India, China and Thailand. In Thailand, Phyllanthus urinaria is traditionally used as an adjuvant or alternative medicine for cancer patients, including liver cancer. However, there is limited scientific evidence supporting its use ...
Abdallah Gamil M - - 2010
Lead is a persistent and common environmental contaminant, which chiefly plays a significant role in modern industry. Coenzyme Q acts as electron and proton carrier in mitochondria and functions as an antioxidant in its reduced form (ubiquinol). To investigate the hazardous effects of lead on the coenzyme Q level, rats ...
Banerjee Kalpita - - 2010
This study demonstrates that in vitro incubation of isolated rat brain mitochondria with recombinant human alpha-synuclein leads to dose-dependent loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and phosphorylation capacity. However, alpha-synuclein does not seem to have any significant effect on the activities of respiratory chain complexes under similar conditions of incubation suggesting ...
Li Aiqun - - 2010
Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is an important neurosteroid with multiple functions in the central nervous system including neuroprotection. How DHEA exerts its neuroprotection function has not been fully elucidated. One possible mechanism is via its active metabolites, 7alpha-OH DHEA and 7beta-OH DHEA. The purpose of this research is to understand how DHEA ...
Cust?dio Jos? B A - - 2010
Ecstasy, which is used as a recreational drug, is a common street name for 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). Another drug of abuse chemically related, though less common than MDMA, is the amphetamine derivative 4-methylthioamphetamine (MTA). MDMA and MTA induce different systemic and organ-specific effects, including neurotoxicity, hyperthermia, nephrotoxicity, cardiotoxicity and hepatotoxicity. ...
Lores-Arnaiz S - - 2010
Male rats (21days) were assigned to enriched environment (EE) or to standard environment (SE) for 1year. Oxygen consumption and the sensitivity to calcium induced mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), through mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)) and swelling, were determined in isolated hippocampal and cerebral cortex mitochondria. Mitochondrial H(2)O(2) production rate, and NOS ...
Gostimskaya Irina - - 2010
The function of mitochondria in generation of cellular ATP in the process of oxidative phosphorylation is widely recognised. During the past decades there have been significant advances in our understanding of the functions of mitochondria other than the generation of energy. These include their role in apoptosis, acting as signalling ...
Caro Pilar - - 2009
Eighty percent dietary methionine restriction (MetR) in rodents (without calorie restriction), like dietary restriction (DR), increases maximum longevity and strongly decreases mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and oxidative stress. Eighty percent MetR also lowers the degree of membrane fatty acid unsaturation in rat liver. Mitochondrial ROS generation and the ...
Dua Raina - - 2010
The present study was designed with an aim to analyze the effect of acute aluminium phosphide (ALP) exposure (10mg/kg b.wt, intragastrically) on the kinetic characteristics of cytochrome oxidase and energy metabolism in male Wistar rat liver mitochondria. Liver mitochondrial preparations from ALP-treated rats exhibited significant decrease (66%) in the activity ...
Milisav Irina - - 2009
Caspase-3 is one of the main executors of apoptosis. Its zymogen procaspase-3 was localized to cytosol, mitochondria and nuclei. The subcellular location of procaspase-3 in liver was reported by several studies to be either cytosolic or cytosolic and mitochondrial. Our aim was to investigate these separate procaspase-3 pools to differentiate ...
Bains R - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The mitochondrial membrane potential drives the main functions of the mitochondria. Sevoflurane depolarizes neural mitochondria. There is still, however, limited information concerning the effect of anaesthetics on neural mitochondria in humans. The effect of sevoflurane and propofol on the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration [Ca(2+)](i) and the mitochondrial membrane ...
Tiao Mao-Meng - - 2009
There is increasing evidence that the integrity of antioxidant defenses is of vital importance in extrahepatic cholestasis, particularly with regard to the functioning of the liver's mitochondria. Although the mechanisms by which cholestasis causes oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in mitochondria are poorly understood, hepatic injury caused by cholestasis may be due to ...
Schönfeld Peter - - 2009
Preparations of rat liver mitochondria, but not of brain and heart mitochondria, produce large quantities of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the presence of palmitoyl-CoA and other long-chain acyl-CoAs. Palmitoyl-CoA inhibited respiration of rat liver mitochondria with glutamate plus malate or with succinate as substrate. However, ROS production induced by ...
Venkatakrishnan Priya P Department of Biological Sciences, University of Texas, El Paso, Texas 79968, - - 2009
Data, both for and against the presence of a mitochondrial nitric-oxide synthase (NOS) isoform, is in the refereed literature. However, irrefutable evidence has not been forthcoming. In light of this controversy, we designed studies to investigate the existence of the putative mitochondrial NOS. Using repeated differential centrifugation followed by Percoll ...
Musicco Clara - - 2009
Overoxidation and subsequent inactivation of Peroxiredoxin III (PrxIII), a mitochondrial H(2)O(2) scavenging enzyme, have been reported in oxidative stress conditions. No data are available in the literature about the presence of overoxidized forms of PrxIII in aged tissues. Liver mitochondria from 12-month-old rats and 28-month-old rats were here analyzed by ...
Gumpricht Eric E Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado 80045, - - 2008
Retention of bile acids within the liver is a primary factor in the pathogenesis of cholestatic liver disorders, which are more common in human infants. The objective of this study was to evaluate developmental changes in mitochondrial factors involved in bile acid-induced hepatocyte injury. Hepatic mitochondria from adult rats (aged ...
Long Jiangang J Institute for Brain Aging and Dementia, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-4540, - - 2009
To investigate the mitochondrial decay and oxidative damage resulting from aging, the activities/kinetics of the mitochondrial complexes were examined in the brains of young and old rats as well as in old rats fed R-alpha-lipoic acid plus acetyl-L-carnitine (LA/ALC). The brain mitochondria of old rats, compared with young rats, had ...
Vendelin Marko - - 2008
A series of experimental data points to the existence of profound diffusion restrictions of ADP/ATP in rat cardiomyocytes. This assumption is required to explain the measurements of kinetics of respiration, sarcoplasmic reticulum loading with calcium, and kinetics of ATP-sensitive potassium channels. To be able to analyze and estimate the role ...
Gavazza Mariana - - 2009
In this study, we examined the relative efficacies of alpha-tocopherol, N-acetyl-serotonin, and melatonin in reducing ascorbate-Fe(2+) lipid peroxidation (LPO) of rat testicular microsomes and mitochondria. Special attention was paid to the changes produced on the highly polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) C20:4 n6 and C22:5 n6. The LPO of testicular microsomes ...
Varela Ana T - - 2008
Indirubin, a red colored 3,2'-bisindole isomer, is a component of Indigo naturalis and is an active ingredient used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of chronic diseases. The family of indirubin derivatives, such as indirubin-3'-oxime, has been suggested for various therapeutic indications. However, potential toxic interactions such as indirubin ...
Samartsev V N - - 2008
Palmitate-induced uncoupling, which involves ADP/ATP and aspartate/glutamate antiporters, has been studied in liver mitochondria of old rats (22-26 months) under conditions of lipid peroxidation and inhibition of oxidative stress by antioxidants--thiourea, Trolox, and ionol. It has been shown that in liver mitochondria of old rats in the absence of antioxidants ...
Lee Kang Kwang - - 2008
Microsomal glutathione transferase (MGST1) is activated by oxidative stress. Although MGST1 is found in mitochondrial membranes (mtMGST1), there is no information about the oxidative activation of mtMGST1. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether mtMGST1 also undergoes activation and about its function. When rats were treated with galactosamine/lipopolysaccharide ...
Cui Dan - - 2008
Acceleration of amyloid deposition by administration of amyloid fibrils and transmissibility of disease have been reported for several types of amyloidosis. Reactive amyloidosis (AA) occurs in a wide variety of domestic animal species and is characterized by amyloid deposition mainly in spleen, liver, and kidneys. Because the visceral organs of ...
Sandblom, David Scott
36 leaves. Advisor: Dean A. Hoganson
Serviddio G - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms of progression from fatty liver to steatohepatitis and cirrhosis are not well elucidated. Mitochondrial dysfunction represents a key factor in the progression of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) as mitochondria are the main cellular site of fatty acid oxidation, ATP synthesis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. AIMS: (1) ...
Das Umashankar - - 2008
A number of 3,5-bis(benzylidene)-4-piperidones 1 and some N-4-(2-aminoethoxy)phenylcarbonyl analogs 3-6 display excellent in vitro antimycobacterial properties. In particular, 1c and 6d are potent antimycobacterials which are well tolerated in mice and are identified as important lead molecules. The nature of both the benzylidene aryl rings and the terminal basic groups ...
Mizukami Hiroki - - 2008
Progressive decline of islet beta cell mass is a hallmark of type 2 diabetes, where nutritional insults are invoked in the pathologic process. Its detailed mechanisms are, however, incompletely understood. We explored the effect of sucrose diet on mitochondria in Goto Kakizaki (GK) rats, a spontaneously diabetic model. Six-week-old male ...
Ubuka T - - 2008
Hypotaurine is the precursor of taurine production from L-cysteinesulfinate. It is recognized that hypotaurine production in the liver occurs in cytosol. In the present study, hypotaurine production from L-cysteinesulfinate in rat liver mitochondria was investigated. The mitochondrial preparation prepared according to the method of Hogeboom and washed repeatedly with 0.25 ...
Rivara Mirko - - 2008
A series of carbamate derivatives of the H(3) antagonist ROS203 (1) were prepared, and their lipophilicity and steric hindrance were modulated by introducing linear or branched alkyl chains of various lengths. In vitro stability studies were conducted to evaluate how structural modulations affect the intrinsic reactivity of the carbamoyl moiety ...
Lombardi Assunta - - 2007
We investigated the mechanism by which 3,5-diiodo-l-thyronine (T2) affects skeletal muscle mitochondrial bioenergetic parameters following its acute administration to hypothyroid rats. One hour after injection, T2 increased both coupled and uncoupled respiration rates by +27% and +42%, respectively. Top-down elasticity analysis revealed that these effects were the result of increases ...
Romestaing Caroline - - 2008
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become common liver disease in Western countries. There is accumulating evidence that mitochondria play a key role in NAFLD. Nevertheless, the mitochondrial consequences of steatohepatitis are still unknown. The bioenergetic changes induced in a methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCDD) model of steatohepatitis were studied ...
Mitchell Todd W - - 2007
Phospholipids containing highly polyunsaturated fatty acids are particularly prone to peroxidation and membrane composition may therefore influence longevity. Phospholipid molecules, in particular those containing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), from the skeletal muscle, heart, liver and liver mitochondria were identified and quantified using mass-spectrometry shotgun lipidomics in two similar-sized rodents that show ...
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