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Uchida Takashi T Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Josai University, 1-1 Keyakidai, Sakado, Saitama 350-0295, - - 2014
The usefulness of the synthetic membrane, Strat-M™ as an alternative to human and animal skins was evaluated by estimating the skin permeabilities of chemical compounds. Thirteen chemical compounds with molecular weights (M.W.) of 152-289 and lipophilicities (log Ko/w) of -0.9 to 3.5 were selected. Strat-M™, excised human skin, or hairless ...
Hu Genwen G Department of Medical Image Center, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, P.R. China; Department of Medical Image Center, Shenzhen Bao'an Maternal and Child Health Hospital, Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, P.R. - - 2014
To explore the characteristics of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) in various stages of liver fibrosis, and their relationships with fibrotic stages in rats. Fifty rats were given various doses of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4 ) to induce various fibrotic stages in rats; 15 untreated rats served as controls. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance ...
Alam Imranul I Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, IN, - - 2014
We previously demonstrated that skeletal mass, structure and biomechanical properties vary considerably in heterogeneous stock (HS) rat strains. In addition, we observed strong heritability for several of these skeletal phenotypes in the HS rat model, suggesting that it represents a unique genetic resource for dissecting the complex genetics underlying bone ...
de Medeiros Gabriela Ferreira GF Laboratório de Genética do Comportamento, Departamento de Biologia Celular, Embriologia e Genética, Centro de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, - - 2013
A previous study using an intercross between the inbred rat strains Lewis (LEW) and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) identified a locus on chromosome 4, named Anxrr16, influencing an experimental index of anxiety and showing a transgressive effect, with alleles from the LEW strain (more anxious) decreasing rather than increasing anxiety. ...
Cim Abdullah - - 2012
Transdifferentiation in vivo is an attractive option for autologous replacement of pancreatic β cells in patients with type 1 diabetes. It has been achieved by adenoviral delivery of genes for transcription factors to the liver and pancreas of hyperglycaemic mice. However, these viral approaches are not clinically applicable. We used ...
Imaoka Masako - - 2012
The effect of hypertension on the occurrence of micro-hemorrhage in the pancreatic islet, known to be observed in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats spontaneously, and endothelial markers were investigated in male Dahl-Iwai salt-sensitive (DIS, derived from SD rats), salt-resistant (DIR), and SD rats. DIS and DIR rats were fed 8% NaCl-containing diet ...
Yi Lanjuan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Mutation in the Pkhd1 gene that encodes a ciliary protein, fibrocystin, causes multiple cysts in the kidneys and liver in the polycystic kidney (PCK) rat, a model for human autosomal recessive PCK disease. To clarify the role of primary cilia in the pancreatic duct, we examined the structure and ...
Yabushita Setsuko - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Novel biomarkers for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) are urgently needed because of its poor prognosis. We have previously established an animal model for human PDAC using transgenic rats in which expression of a human K-ras oncogene is regulated by the Cre/lox system. Using this model, we searched for candidate ...
Park Ah-Mee - - 2012
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are ubiquitous proteins that function in both normal and stress-related pathophysiological states of the cell. This study aimed to analyze the importance of p38MAPK in pancreatic injury using WBN/Kob rats with spontaneous chronic pancreatitis. Male WBN/Kob rats were injected with the p38MAPK inhibitor SB203580, starting at ...
Shirai Norimitsu - - 2012
The present article describes an unusual proliferative islet finding observed incidentally in a young male Wistar rat in a 2-week toxicity study. Histologically, the islet lesion was characterized by diffuse enlargement of the islets, which consisted of peripheral proliferation of non-insulin-containing islet cells surrounding normal-appearing insulin-containing cells in the center. ...
Katuchova Jana - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in the pancreatic microenvironment can improve diabetes mellitus (DM). The aim of the present study was to determine whether different pancreatic microenvironments influence the improvement of hyperglycemia and insulin deficiency. METHODS: MSCs isolated from rat bone marrow were transplanted directly into different pancreatic microenvironments in ...
Sasamoto Hiromi - - 2012
Cryopreservation could be a possible means of addressing the shortage of islets of Langerhans. We investigated the effects of EDT324 solution on the vitrification of isolated rat islets of Langerhans. Rat pancreatic islets were cryopreserved in 10% DMSO by a slow-rate freezing method or were cryopreserved in EDT324 solution by ...
Yamada Takahisa - - 2012
The Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rat is an animal model for obese-type, noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) in humans. NIDDM in this rat model was shown to be regulated by multiple genes. We have identified 14 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) responsible for NIDDM (Nidd1-14/of) on chromosomes 1, 5, 7, 8, ...
Branco Renato Chaves Souto - - 2012
Pancreatic islets from adult rats whose mothers were protein restricted during lactation undersecrete insulin. The current work analyzes whether this secretory dysfunction can be improved when the pancreatic islets are grafted into hyperglycemic diabetic rats. Two groups of rats were used: the adult offspring from dams that received a low ...
Kimura Shuichi - - 2011
The Spontaneously Diabetic Torii-Lepr(fa) (SDT-fa/fa) rat is a new model of obese type 2 diabetes. The female SDT-fa/fa rat shows obesity, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia from young age. However, it is not known whether diabetes and estrogen deficiency can lead to bone abnormalities in the female SDT-fa/fa rat. The objective of ...
Olivero-David Raul - - 2011
Western diets contain substantial amounts of lipid oxidation products. The effects of fasting status and oil oxidation on short-term digestibility of oxidized fatty acids (ox-FA) and ketolinoleic acids (keto-LA) of sunflower oils were evaluated. Twelve rats were fasted overnight for 3 days, whereas another 12 rats had free access to ...
Takitani Kimitaka - - 2011
Retinol and its active derivative retinoic acid have an important role in development, reproduction, immunity, and cell proliferation/differentiation. Obesity and dyslipidemia are risk factors for cardiovascular disease that may affect hepatic homeostasis. It is unclear whether the expression of retinol-related proteins is affected and influences the retinol status in obesity ...
Bacova B - - 2010
Omega-3 fatty acids (omega-3 FA) and statins exhibit besides lipid-lowering effects the antiarrhythmic ability in clinic, while definite mechanisms are not yet elucidated. Our goal was to examine whether these compounds can modulate inducibility of hypertriglyceridemic (HTG) rat heart to ventricular fibrillation (VF) and myocardial cell-to-cell coupling protein connexin-43 (Cx43). ...
Chu Chenyu - - 2010
Studies indicate that many tissues could express follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) besides pituitary. New functions of FSH are also been recognized beyond reproduction regulation. However, no report has been made about the expression and function of FSH in rat pancreas yet. Dual-labeled immunofluorescence stain, in situ hybridization and dual-labeled immunohistochemistry stain ...
Petrella C - - 2010
Cannabinoids (CBs) evoke their effects by activating the cannabinoid receptor subtypes CB1-r and CB2-r and exert anti-inflammatory effects altering chemokine and cytokine expression. Various cytokines and chemokines are produced and released by rodent pancreatic acini in acute pancreatitis. Although CB1-r and CB2-r expressed in rat exocrine pancreatic acinar cells do ...
Zhang Wei - - 2010
Hyperlipidemia is associated with a variety of pancreatic diseases; however, the underlying pathophysiology and molecular mechanisms remain undefined. Here, we performed a comparative proteomic analysis of pancreatic tissue obtained from hyperlipidemic rats to identify proteins that may be involved in mediating hyperlipidemia-associated pancreatic injury. Rats were fed a high-fat diet ...
Ishii Yukihito - - 2011
The Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) fatty rat, established by introducing the fa allele of the Zucker fatty rat into the SDT rat genome, is a new model of obesity/type 2 diabetes. The present study investigated effects of food restriction on metabolic and endocrinological function in SDT fatty rats. SDT fatty ...
Kilbourn Michael R - - 2010
(+)-α-[(11)C]Dihydrotetrabenazine ((+)-[(11)C]DTBZ), a radioligand for the vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2), has been previously proposed as an in vivo marker of beta-cell degeneration in the pancreas. The stereospecificity of uptake of [(11)C]DTBZ into rat pancreas was examined here using radiolabeled forms of the (+)- and (-)-isomers. Pancreas localization of ...
Zhu Cui-Feng - - 2010
This study aimed at investigating whether treatment with oligopeptides from marine salmon skin (OMSS) could modulate type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)-related hyperglycemia and β-cell apoptosis in rats induced by high fat diet and low doses of streptozotocin and its therapeutic mechanisms. Groups of T2DM rats were treated with OMSS or ...
Adeyemi D O - - 2010
Microanatomical changes in the pancreatic islet cells of streptozotocin induced diabetic Wistar rats were studied after treatment with methanolic extracts of Annona muricata leaves. Thirty adult Wistar rats were randomly assigned into three groups (control, untreated diabetic group, and A. muricata-treated diabetic group) of ten rats each. Diabetes mellitus was ...
Tsao Hsin-Hsin - - 2010
The vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) is highly expressed in pancreatic beta-cells and thus has been proposed to be a potential target for measuring beta-cell mass (BCM) by molecular imaging. C-11- and F-18-labeled tetrabenazine derivatives targeting VMAT2 have shown some promising results as potential biomarkers for BCM. In the ...
Cöl Cavit - - 2010
The hormone melatonin affects cellular immunity in particular and the immune system in general both directly and indirectly. We report our evaluation of the effects of decreasing and increasing serum melatonin levels on hepatocyte damage in rats with experimental acute pancreatitis. Wistar Albino rats with experimentally induced acute pancreatitis were ...
Cao Ping P Department of Chemistry, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3400, - - 2010
Islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) is a 37-residue polypeptide hormone that is responsible for islet amyloid formation in type II diabetes. Human IAPP is extremely amyloidogenic, while rat IAPP and mouse IAPP do not form amyloid in vitro or in vivo. Rat IAPP and mouse IAPP have identical primary sequences, but ...
Mersin Hakan - - 2009
Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are enzymes primarily responsible for regulation of the intracellular cyclic nucleotides. Among these enzymes, the type 4 PDE is highly expressed in most immune and inflammatory cells and its inhibition causes the suppression of immune and inflammatory cell activity, including production of cytokines. This study was designed to ...
Fern??ndez-Mill??n Elisa - - 2009
The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is a type 2 diabetes model with a defective beta-cell mass detectable in late fetal development. Diminished IGF-2 production seems to be involved in this effect. Herein, we analyzed the effect of maternal food-restriction on the beta-cell mass of GK fetuses and the involvement of the ...
Giroix Marie-Hélène - - 2010
Perturbations of fatty acid content and pattern were recently documented in epididymal and parametrial lipids, as well as plasma, liver, spleen, and brain phospholipids and triglycerides of Goto-Kakizaki rats (GK). This study extends such an investigation to pancreatic islets from both control and GK rats. Groups of 5,500-14,560 islets were ...
Fukamachi Katsumi - - 2009
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is a highly lethal disease, which is usually diagnosed in an advanced stage. Animal PDA models which reflect the human condition are clearly necessary to develop early diagnostic tools and explore new therapeutic approaches. We have established transgenic rats carrying a mutated H- or K-ras gene ...
Fernandez-Millan Elisa - - 2009
The Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat is a type 2 diabetes model with a defective beta-cell mass detectable in late fetal development. Diminished IGF-2 production seems to be involved in this effect. Herein, we analyzed the effect of maternal food-restriction on the beta-cell mass of GK fetuses and the involvement of the ...
Inokuchi Chie C Division of Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Hyogo College of Medicine, Mukogawa-cho, Nishinomiya, hyogo, - - 2009
Spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) rats were established from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat and are used as an animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus. In the present study, the mechanism of the development of injury in the pancreas of these rats was examined focusing on the role of monocytes/macrophages. The number ...
Strowski Mathias Z - - 2009
Cerebellin (CER) is a neuromodulatory hexadecapeptide that originates from the precursor protein precerebellin (Cbln1). Four highly homologous isoforms of Cbln are known (Cbln1-Cbln4), which are expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) and in peripheral tissues. CER modulates synaptic structure formation in the CNS, whereas in the peripheral tissues CER ...
Mikami Yukio - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of polymorphonuclear neutrophil granulocytes (PMNs) and the PMN-derived protease, which is called matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), for the gut barrier dysfunction in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) has not yet been clarified. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of PMNs and MMP-9 on gut barrier ...
Linari G - - 2009
The role of the cannabinoid system in the regulation of exocrine pancreatic secretion was investigated by studying the effects of the synthetic CB1- and CB2-receptors agonist, WIN55,212, on amylase secretion in isolated lobules and acini of guinea pig and rat, and the expression of CB-receptors in rat pancreatic tissue by ...
Gül Mehmet - - 2009
In this study we aimed to investigate the effect of pentoxifylline on caerulein-induced acute pancreatitis (AP) by detecting oxidative stress markers and performing histopathological examination. Twenty-one adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups as follows: control, caerulein, and caerulein + pentoxifylline groups. Pancreatic tissues of rats from all ...
Sato Kazusa - - 2008
We showed previously that 8-wk consumption of a diet containing palatinose (P, a slowly-absorbed sucrose analogue) and oleic acid (O) ameliorates but a diet containing sucrose (S) and linoleic acid (L) aggravates metabolic abnormalities in Zucker fatty (fa/fa) rats. In this study, we aimed to identify early changes in metabolism ...
Waddleton Deena - - 2008
cAMP is a key modulator for glucose-dependent insulin secretion (GDIS). Members of the phosphodiesterase (PDEs) gene family regulate intracellular levels of cAMP by hydrolyzing cAMP to the corresponding inactive 5'AMP derivative. These studies examined the expression and function of all 18 cAMP-specific PDEs in the rat insulinoma derived INS-1 (832/13) ...
Brandhorst H - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Pancreas shipment is frequently associated with prolonged ischemia deteriorating islet graft function. The strategy to prevent ischemic damage utilizing perfluorodecalin (PFD) for human pancreas oxygenation does not seem to improve isolation outcome. The present study investigated the efficiency of perfluorohexyloctane (F6H8), a hyperoxygen carrier characterized by low specific density ...
Muto Yuko - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: It is known that prophylaxis with imipenem reduces the risk of infection accompanying severe acute pancreatitis. In this study,we modified a rat experimental model of severe acute pancreatitis for antibiotic evaluation, and the effect of biapenem was compared with that of imipenem to determine the usefulness of biapenem. METHODS: ...
Brandhorst Heide - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicated different roles of collagenase class I, class II and neutral protease in the enzymatic islet release from pancreatic tissue. Because no information has been available, this study was aimed to investigate the isolation efficiency of different ratios between collagenase class II and I (C-ratio) in the ...
Cassidy Roslyn S - - 2008
Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an incretin hormone secreted by endocrine K-cells in response to nutrient absorption. This study has utilised numerous well-characterised dipeptidyl peptidase IV-resistant GIP analogues to evaluate the glucagonotropic actions of GIP in Wistar rats and isolated rat islets. Intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogues (25 nmol/kg body ...
Sharma B K - - 2008
The inhibitory activity of glucose-induced insulin secretion on isolated rat pancreatic islets and the contractile activity of KCl-depolarized rat aorta rings of the derivatives of 3-alkylamino-4H-1,2,4-benzothiadiazine 1,1-dioxide are quantitatively analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The study has helped to ascertain the role of different substituents in explaining these observed inhibitory ...
Lämsä Teemu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: We have experimental data indicating that the pancreas is easily damaged by any intervention. The present study compared the effects of suture diameter, number of needle passes and suture tightness on rat pancreas. METHODS: Under anesthesia, rat pancreas was sutured either with one loose stitch of 6-0 polydioxanone (PDS ...
Schlosser Michael M Department of Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald, Karlsburg, Germany. - - 2008
Glutamic acid decarboxylase GAD65 autoantibodies (GADA) are an established marker for autoimmune diabetes. Recently, the autoantigen GAD65 itself was proposed as biomarker of beta-cell loss for prediction of autoimmune diabetes and graft rejection after islet transplantation. Therefore, the GAD65 content in pancreatic islets of different species and its serum degradation ...
Noda, Kazuhiko
We examined the changes in the ratio of the expression of insulin gene I and II (I/II) in the developing rat pancreas around the delivery period. The total RNA was extracted by the acid guanidium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform (AGPC) method from fetal pancreas of the Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat on gestational days 16, ...
Watanabe, Masahiko
Thesis--University of Tsukuba, D.M.S.(A), no. 555, 1988. 3. 25
Dixit Priyanjali P - - 2008
Syndrex is a formulated herbal antidiabetic preparation containing powder of germinated fenugreek seeds. We have assessed the antioxidant potential of this drug. Syndrex was fractionated by Soxhlet apparatus and fractions were used to determine their antioxidant potential at different levels. In vitro activity was assessed by ferric reducing antioxidant power ...
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