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Amos-Landgraf James M JM McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research, Department of Oncology and Laboratory of Genetics, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706; amoslandgrafj@missouri.edu - - 2014
It recently has been recognized that men develop colonic adenomas and carcinomas at an earlier age and at a higher rate than women. In the Apc(Pirc/+) (Pirc) rat model of early colonic cancer, this sex susceptibility was recapitulated, with male Pirc rats developing twice as many adenomas as females. Analysis ...
Zelena Dóra D Institute of Experimental Medicine, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early life events have special importance in the development as postnatal environmental alterations may permanently affect the lifetime vulnerability to diseases. For the interpretation of the long-term consequences it is important to understand the immediate effects. As the role of vasopressin in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis regulation as well as in affective ...
Kim Jun J Department of Biomaterials Science, College of Natural Resources & Life Science/Life and Industry Convergence Research Institute, Pusan National University, Miryang, - - 2014
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are exogenous substances that alter the structure or function of the endocrine system. 4-Tert-octylphenol (OP) is one of the most representative EDCs and has estrogenic effects. In this study, we examined the effects of ethinyl estradiol (EE) and OP on the pituitary gland, placenta, and uterus of ...
Takekoshi Susumu S Department of Cell Biology, Division of Host Defense Mechanism, Tokai University School of Medicine , 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa 259-1193, - - 2014
Rats with estrogen-induced prolactin-producing pituitary adenoma (E2-PRLoma) have been employed as an animal model of human PRL-producing pituitary adenoma in a large number of studies. Presently, we found that long-term administration of estrogen to SD rats resulted in the development of E2-PRLomas, some of which included multi-hormone producing nodules. We ...
Goo Jun Seo - - 2013
To characterize changes in global protein expression in kidneys of transgenic rats overexpressing human selenoprotein M (SelM) in response to increased bioabivility of selenium (Sel), total proteins extracted from kidneys of 10-week-old CMV/hSelM Tg and wild-type rats were separated by 2-dimensional gel electrophoresis and measured for changes in expression. Ten ...
Calvino Camila - - 2012
Leptin has been shown to regulate the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis, acting primarily through the signal transducer of the activated transduction 3 (STAT3) pathway triggered through the binding of leptin to the long-chain isoform of the leptin receptor, ObRb. We previously demonstrated that although hyperthyroid rats presented leptin effects on thyrotropin (TSH) ...
Tong Yunguang Y Department of Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Academic Affairs, Room 2015, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, California 90048, - - 2012
Although prolactinomas can be effectively treated with dopamine agonists, about 20% of patients develop dopamine resistance or tumor recurrence after surgery, indicating a need for better understanding of underlying disease mechanisms. Although estrogen-induced rat prolactinomas have been widely used to investigate the development of this tumor, the extent that the ...
D'Amato Filomena - - 2012
VGF or VGF nerve growth factor inducible is a protein that has been found to play a role in regulating energy homeostasis and metabolism. From VGF precursor derive two neuroendocrine regulatory peptides (NERP)-1 and NERP-2 that, intracerebroventricular (icv) injected, modulate the antidiuretic hormone (ADH) release. Thus, we investigated possible modulations ...
Watanabe Tsuyoshi - - 2012
In polarized exocrine cells, the Golgi apparatus is cup-shaped and its convex and concave surfaces are designated as cis and trans faces, functionally confronting the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the cell surface, respectively. To clarify the morphological characteristics of the Golgi apparatus in non-polarized endocrine cells, the investigators immunocytochemically examined ...
Zhaohui Zhang - - 2012
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is an important regulator of reproductive axis, which mainly plays some roles in regulating secretion of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in hypothalamus. In previous studies, we found that the repeated low frequency electro-acupuncture (EA) down-regulated hypothalamus-pituitary-gonad (HPG) axis of common rats and rabbits during puberty. In this study, ...
- - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Orexin A (OxA) is a regulatory neuropeptide which is involved in the control of various autonomic and neuroendocrine functions. It regulates sleep-wake cycle, food intake and modulates the hypothalamic and pituitary hormones secretion. Orexin A acts through two types of receptors, which proved to exist in the pituitary. This ...
Suzuki Atsushi - - 2012
The number of elderly patients with hepatobiliary malignancies has increased with the steady growth of elderly population. However, the safety of major hepatectomy for elderly patients remains controversial. This study investigated the effect of aging on the hepatic regenerative response after partial resection of livers subjected to ischemic insult. Two-thirds ...
Pineda R - - 2010
RF-amide related peptides (RFRP), as putative mammalian orthologs of the avian gonadotropin-inhibitory hormone (GnIH), have been proposed as key regulators of gonadotropin secretion in higher vertebrates. Yet considerable debate has arisen recently on their physiological relevance and potential mechanisms and sites of action. Present studies were undertaken to further characterize ...
Zhao Weijiang - - 2010
We studied the anti-tumorigenic effect of melatonin in diethylstilbestrol (DES)-treated anterior pituitaries in rats. Twenty-one female Wistar rats were randomly allocated into three groups: vehicle control rats, DES-treated rats, and DES-treated rats co-administrated with melatonin beginning at week 13. At the end of 16 weeks, rats were weighed and decapitated ...
Bentsen Agnete H - - 2010
Kisspeptins, derived from the Kiss1 gene play a central role in activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary gonadal (HPG) axis via stimulation of GnRH neurons. Both Kiss1 and Kiss1R (receptor) mRNA levels are found to be low in pre-pubertal rats, but whether an increase in kisspeptin and/or its receptor is the primary ...
Nemoto Takahiro - - 2009
Urocortins 2 (Ucn 2), one of the corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) peptide family, is thought to be an endogenous ligand for CRF type 2 receptor (CRF-R2). We previously demonstrated that Ucn 2 is expressed in the corticotrophs of rat pituitary, and the mRNA expression and secretion of Ucn 2 in ...
Topo Enza - - 2009
D-aspartic acid is an amino acid present in neuroendocrine tissues of invertebrates and vertebrates, including rats and humans. Here we investigated the effect of this amino acid on the release of LH and testosterone in the serum of humans and rats. Furthermore, we investigated the role of D-aspartate in the ...
Hymer W C - - 2009
In rat pituitary somatotrophs, cytochrome oxidase is co-packaged with growth hormone (GH) in some storage granules. Because this enzyme is thought to be the molecular photoacceptor of red-near infrared light, and because exposure of diverse tissue systems to 670 nm visible light affects their biological responses (e.g., wound healing), we ...
Kurz Scott G - - 2008
Ept1, Ept2, Ept6, and Ept9 are quantitative trait loci mapped in crosses between the ACI and Copenhagen (COP) rat strains as genetic determinants of responsiveness of the pituitary gland to estrogens. We have developed four congenic rat strains, each of which carries, on the genetic background of the ACI rat ...
Shimizu Fumi - - 2008
Leptin is thought to play important roles in pubertal development and reproductive function in the female. Leptin receptor is expressed in various tissues including the pituitary and hypothalamus. We investigated the transition of leptin receptor (Ob-R) expression in female rat pituitary during pubertal development. Real-time RT-PCR was performed for long-form ...
Rodi Donata - - 2008
RATIONALE: Nociceptin/orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) has been proposed to be a functional antagonist of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in relation to its anti-stress action and its ability to antagonize the anorectic effect of CRF in rats without exhibiting affinity for CRF receptors. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST) is highly ...
Callewaere Céline - - 2008
We previously described a colocalization between arginine vasopressin (AVP) and the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1) in the magnocellular neurons of both the hypothalamic supraoptic and paraventricular nucleus as well as the posterior pituitary. SDF-1 physiologically affects the electrophysiological properties of AVP neurons and consequently AVP release. In the present ...
Shull James D - - 2007
Estrogens are important regulators of growth and development and contribute to the etiology of several types of cancer. Different inbred rat strains exhibit marked, cell-type-specific differences in responsiveness to estrogens as well as differences in susceptibility to estrogen-induced tumorigenesis. Regulation of pituitary lactotroph homeostasis is one estrogen-regulated response that differs ...
Svechnikova I - - 2007
Phthalate esters are known to exert harmful effects on mammalian reproduction and fertility, but their potential adverse effects on the hormonal functions of the ovary have not yet been elucidated in detail. Here, we investigated the effects of di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis of young developing female rats, ...
Gutiérrez-Pascual E - - 2007
Recent, compelling evidence indicates that kisspeptins, the products of KiSS-1 gene, and their receptor GPR54, represent key elements in the neuroendocrine control of reproduction, and that they act primarily by regulating gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) secretion at the hypothalamus. Conversely, and despite earlier reports showing GPR54 expression in the pituitary, the ...
Kus I - - 2007
The aim of this study was to immunohistochemically examine the effects of orchidectomy and administration of testosterone hormone on leptin production in the rat anterior pituitary. Twenty-one male Wistar rats were divided into three groups. Group I and group II were designated as control (sham-orchidectomized) and orchidectomized rats, respectively. Rats ...
Díaz López B - - 2007
The pineal gland, through its hormone melatonin, influences the function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Tachykinins are bioactive peptides whose presence has been demonstrated in the pineal gland, hypothalamus, anterior pituitary gland and the gonads, in addition to other central and peripheral structures. Tachykinins have been demonstrated to influence the function ...
Taplin, David Elliott
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 281-328)
Henríquez-Hernández L A - - 2007
Estrogens cause intrahepatic cholestasis in susceptible women during pregnancy, after administration of oral contraceptives, or during postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy. 17alpha-Ethinylestradiol (EE) is a synthetic estrogen widely used to cause experimental cholestasis in rodents with the aim of examining molecular mechanisms involved in this disease. EE actions on the liver ...
Liu Wen W Institute of Psychiatric Research, Department of Psychiatry, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN 46202, - - 2006
The objectives of the present study were to (a) examine the effects of activating serotonin-3 (5-HT3) receptors on dopamine (DA) release in the anterior and posterior ventral tegmental area (VTA) of Wistar rats and (b) determine if there are differences in 5-HT3--stimulated DA release in the VTA between alcohol-preferring (P) ...
Ozcan Ozal - - 2006
The biomechanical effects of talectomy on the foot were investigated in seven fresh below-the-knee amputation specimens using pressure-sensitive films placed on the facets of the calcaneus, footprints, and loading-pattern diagrams in the intact foot and after talectomy with anterior and posterior displacement of the foot. Both talectomy techniques distorted the ...
Davies J S - - 2006
Growth hormone (GH) is known to regulate peripheral components of the hypothalamo-pituitary gonadal (HPG) axis, but it remains unclear whether GH exerts a significant influence on the activity of the hypothalamo-pituitary components of the HPG axis. In this study, we investigated the development of HPG axis function in the male ...
Nagasaki Hiroshi - - 2006
Two glycoprotein hormone subunits, (glycoprotein hormone alpha2-subunit GPA2) and (glycoprotein hormone beta5-subunit GPB5) have been recently discovered which, when expressed in vitro, heterodimerize to form a new hormone called thyrostimulin. Thyrostimulin activates the thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) and has thyrotropic activity. Immunological studies have indicated that both subunits co-localize in ...
Mongiat L A - - 2006
The second GnRH form, originally identified in chickens (cGnRH-II or GnRH-II), is the most ubiquitous peptide of the GnRH neuropeptide family, being present from jawed fish to human beings. However, the presence of GnRH-II in such an important experimental model as the rat is still an object of discussion. Here ...
Cabilla Jimena P - - 2006
Previous studies showed that 17 beta-estradiol (17 beta-E2) regulates the nitric oxide (NO)/soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC)/cGMP pathway in many tissues. Evidence from our laboratory indicates that 17 beta-E2 disrupts the inhibitory effect of NO on prolactin release, decreasing sGC activity and affecting the cGMP pathway in anterior pituitary gland of ...
Schirman-Hildesheim Tamar D - - 2006
We recently described patterns of GnRH and GnRH receptor (GnRH-R) expression in the hypothalamus, pituitary and ovary throughout the rat estrus cycle. Here, we wished to distinguish between regulatory effects of ovarian factors and underlying circadian rhythmicity. We quantified GnRH and GnRH-R mRNA in the pituitary and hypothalamus of long-term ...
Gould Karen A - - 2006
Chronic estrogen administration can lead to thymic atrophy in rodents. In this article we report that the Brown Norway (BN) rat is sensitive to thymic atrophy induced by the estrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES). By contrast, DES does not induce significant thymic atrophy in the August x Copenhagen-Irish (ACI) strain. The sensitivity ...
Akil, Huda
A technique is described which couples High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) to radioimmuno assays (RIA), thus achieving high sensitivity with good specificity. This method allows the separation and detection of multiple forms of immunoreactive peptides. Using this procedure, we have characterized the B-E-like immunoreactivity in rat pituitary. It had been ...
Navarro V M - - 2006
The close link between reproductive function and body energy stores relies on a complex neuroendocrine network of common regulatory signals, the nature of which is yet to be fully elucidated. Recently, 26RFa was identified in amphibians and mammals as a conserved hypothalamic neuropeptide of the RFamide family, with a potent ...
Radács M - - 2006
The effects of histamine (HA) on vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) secretion were studied in 13-14-day cultures of isolated rat neurohypophyseal (NH) tissue. The VP and OT contents of the supernatant were determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA) after a 1 or 2-h incubation. Significantly increased levels of VP and OT production ...
Sekulić Milka - - 2006
Different hormones and growth factors control the homeostasis of the anterior pituitary gland. We examined the morphological features of pituitary thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)-producing cells in juvenile and peripubertal female rats after treatments with estradiol-dipropionate (EDP), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and a combination of both hormones (EDP+hCG). TSH-producing cells were ...
Meddle Simone L SL Laboratory of Neuroendocrinology, Centre for Integrative Physiology, School of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences, Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Medicine, Summerhall, Edinburgh EH9 1QH, UK. - - 2006
The termination of seasonal breeding in most photoperiodic passerines is heralded by spontaneous gonadal regression as a result of long day exposure. This phenomenon is termed absolute photorefractoriness and this insensitivity to long days may only be dissipated by short photoperiod exposure. The timing of the transition to a photorefractory ...
Benoit Allison M - - 2005
Sperm protein 22 (SP22) was recently identified in the anterior pituitary gland (AP) of male Golden Syrian hamsters using ion trap mass spectrometry. SP22 has been implicated in apoptosis, androgen receptor function, fertility, and ontogeny of early-onset Parkinson's disease. However, the role of SP22 in the pituitary has not been ...
Takenoya Fumiko - - 2005
Salusins are two newly discovered TOR-related peptides consisting of 28 and 20 amino acids and designated salusin-alpha and salusin-beta, respectively. Using immunohistochemistry techniques, salusin-like immunoreactivity was detected in the rat hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal tract and immunopositive cells were distributed in the suprachiasmatic, supraoptic and paraventricular nucleus. In the paraventricular nucleus, salusin-like immunoreactivity ...
Agirregoitia N - - 2005
Peptides play important roles in cell regulation and signaling in many tissues. The actions of peptides are regulated by peptidases. Although the activity of these enzymes has been thoroughly characterized in mammals, little is known about their presence or function in fish. In the present study, we compared the activity ...
Sánchez-Criado José E - - 2005
Two-week ovariectomized (OVX) rats were injected over three days with 25 microg oestradiol benzoate (EB), 3 mg tamoxifen (TX) and 0.2 ml oil and their pituitaries were harvested for incubation experiments. Pituitaries from EB- and TX-treated OVX rats exhibited GnRH self-priming when incubated with their corresponding ligand. However, incubation of ...
Zhao Hong - - 2005
Repeated electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation is known to enhance the circulating level of estrogen in the ovariectomized rats by stimulating the activity of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis. To explore the mechanism of EA in promoting the homeostasis in ovariectomized rats, the hypothalamic CRH content and its mRNA expression as well as the ...
Jirikowski Gustav F - - 2005
In previous studies we have observed the expression of androgen binding protein (ABP) in the rat hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system. With immunocytochemical double staining we found partial co-localization with oxytocin. In the present study we used antibodies to the anti-diuretic hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP) for co-localization with ABP in the rat hypothalamus. ...
Schmid H A - - 2005
SOM230 is a novel somatostatin analog which shows affinity to 4 of the 5 known somatostatin receptors (SSTR1-5). In binding experiments, SOM230 has a higher affinity to SSTR1, SSTR3 and SSTR5 and a slightly lower affinity to SSTR2 compared to octreotide. In addition, SOM230 has a >7-fold longer plasma half-life ...
Toni R - - 2005
Effects of primary hypothyroidism (HYPO) on the male gonadal axis are controversial, with only scanty data on the gonadotroph cell response and no information on GnRH tuberoinfundibular neurons, even in animal models. HYPO has been reported to variably induce hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, a hypergonadotropic state, or to have no effects on ...
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