The pathology of pulmonary disorders due to Aspergillus spp.
Article Type: Letter to the editor
Subject: Pulmonary aspergillosis (Diagnosis)
Pulmonary aspergillosis (Care and treatment)
Pulmonary function tests (Methods)
Authors: Watts, John C.
Chandler, Francis W.
Pub Date: 11/01/2008
Publication: Name: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine Publisher: College of American Pathologists Audience: Academic; Professional Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2008 College of American Pathologists ISSN: 1543-2165
Issue: Date: Nov, 2008 Source Volume: 132 Source Issue: 11
Geographic: Geographic Scope: United States Geographic Code: 1USA United States
Accession Number: 230246852
Full Text: To the Editor.--We are writing to alert you to a potential problem with regard to the use of some photomicrographs from our book in an article published in the April issue of Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine. The article in question is that authored by Richard L. Kradin, MD, and Eugene J. Mark, MD, entitled "The Pathology of Pulmonary Disorders Due to Aspergillus spp." (1) It appears that 7 of the figures published in that article were taken from our atlas entitled Pathologic Diagnosis of Fungal Infections published through the ASCP Press. (2) The figures in their article and the corresponding figures from our book are detailed in the following table.

Furthermore, the legend for their Figure 15 indicates that photomicrograph as representative of acute pneumonia in a patient with invasive aspergillosis. This is identical to our Figure 106, the legend for which clearly states that this is a case of invasive pulmonary pseudallescheriasis. Therefore, it seems that the content of the picture has been misrepresented.

We have spoken with the director of the ASCP Press, Mr Bart Wacek, who has confirmed that no request was made, nor permission given to, the authors of the journal article to use our copyrighted photomicrographs. Furthermore, the authors of the journal article do not attribute the source of the pictures anywhere in their article. The reader is left to presume that the authors of the journal article own these figures and, together with the ARCHIVES, have copyrighted them.

We are hopeful that the authors of the article will be able to explain how this situation happened.

(1.) Kradin RL, Mark EJ. The pathology of pulmonary disorders due to Aspergillus spp. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2008;132:606-614.

(2.) Chandler FW, Watts JC. Pathologic Diagnosis of Fungal Infections. Chicago, Ill: ASCP Press; 1987.

The authors have no relevant financial interest in the products or companies described in this article.

John C. WATTS, MD

Department of Anatomic

Pathology

William Beaumont Hospital

Royal Oak, MI 48073

Francis W. Chandler, DVM,

PhD

Department of Pathology

Medical College of Georgia

Augusta, GA 30912

In Reply.--It has come to the attention of Dr Mark and myself that our recent review article "The Pathology of Pulmonary Disorders Due to Aspergillus spp" contains several photomicrographs that were originally published in the excellent 1987 text Pathologic Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, authored by Drs Chandler and Watts, and that Figure 15 thought to represent pneumonia due to angioinvasive Aspergillus spp in fact represents a Pseudoallescheria infection. (1,2)

As primary author of the article, I was solely responsible for selecting the photomicrographs for the article. All the figures in the article were chosen from my digital teaching file labeled "Aspergillus." At the time of preparing the manuscript, I believed that all of the images were derived from cases collected during the years by colleagues, residents, and myself, at my hospital, as they were not labeled as potentially being from another source.

After years of collecting photomicrographs, I confess that I am not always certain as to their provenance. However, this does not excuse my error. I apologize to Drs Watts and Chandler and to your readership. I hope that my colleagues will accept that my gaffe was inadvertent.

(1.) Kradin RL, Mark EJ. The pathology of pulmonary disorders due to Aspergillus spp. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2008;132:606-614.

(2.) Chandler FW, Watts JC. Pathologic Diagnosis of Fungal Infections. Chicago, Ill: ASCP Press; 1987.

The author has no relevant financial interest in the products or companies described in this article.

Richard L. Kradin, MD

Departments of Pathology and

Medicine

Massachusetts General

Hospital

Boston, MA 02114
Summary of Figures

Their Figure   Our Figure
   No.1          No.2

    2             66
    4             71
    5             80
    9             88
   10             89
   15            106
   16             94
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