The impact-factor olympics for journals in sport and exercise science and medicine.
Abstract: This year's gold medalist amongst the sport and exercise science and medicine journals competing for the highest impact factor was again Sports Medicine (now on 5.2), but Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews (4.5) has now taken the silver ahead of last-year's runner-up, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise (4.4). Other finalists included British Journal of Sports Medicine (4.1), American Journal of Sports Medicine (3.8), and Journal of Applied Physiology (3.7). Semi-finalists were led by Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport (3.0), Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports (2.9), Exercise and Immunology Reviews (2.8), Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology (2.7), International Journal of Sports Medicine (2.4), European Journal of Applied Physiology (2.2), Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism (2.1), and International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism (2.0). The most noteworthy performers in the heats were International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance (1.8, up by a spectacular 130%) and the little known Archives of Budo (1.2, up by a similar 140%), while the Journal of Sports Sciences (1.9) is languishing at this level and may need a new coach. Several new journals have appeared in the preliminary rounds (<1.0), including International Journal of History of Sport, International Journal of Sport Finance, and International Journal of Sports Marketing and Sponsorship.

KEYWORDS: citation, publication, research.
Subject: Periodicals (Evaluation)
Periodicals (Rankings)
Periodicals (Influence)
Author: Hopkins, Will G.
Pub Date: 01/01/2012
Publication: Name: Sportscience Publisher: Internet Society for Sport Science Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2012 Internet Society for Sport Science ISSN: 1174-9210
Issue: Date: Annual, 2012 Source Volume: 16
Product: Product Code: 2721000 Periodicals NAICS Code: 51112 Periodical Publishers SIC Code: 2721 Periodicals
Geographic: Geographic Scope: Australia Geographic Code: 8AUST Australia
Accession Number: 297427067
Full Text: This article represents my annual summary of the latest impact factors of journals in the disciplines of sport and exercise science and medicine. The Institute for Scientific Information (ISI, a subsidiary of Thomson Reuters) compiles the impact factors and publishes them as Journal Citation Reports each year around June-July. You will need an institutional subscription to access this and other resources at ISI Web of Knowledge.

Table 1 lists the factors of our journals in alphabetical order, while the abstract summarizes the most noteworthy performers in the journals specializing in our disciplines. The meaning of the impact factor is summarized in the legend of the table, but for an in-depth explanation and critique of the impact factor, start with an earlier article in this series.

International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance needs special mention for its spectacular leap to the level of the heats of the competition. This journal made its entry to ISI's report last year on 0.8, although it had been omitted initially. In the interim I had calculated its impact factor as 1.2, using the citation statistics at ISI's own Web of Science database. I don't think I made a mistake, so I suspect ISI does not follow its own rules when computing the impact factor; for example, it may discount citations in some low-level journals. Regardless, IJSPP's increase is phenomenal, and now "my friends... don't have to worry about committing professional suicide by publishing in [what was previously seen as] a 'weak' journal", to quote a personal communication from Stephen Seiler (University of Agder, Norway).

This year I have no new citation statistics to introduce to you, and there has been little progress with the idea I floated last year for peer review of proposals followed by practically guaranteed publication of studies that conform to their approved proposals. My colleagues can see the merit, but none of us has had the time to fully develop and sell the idea to our journals.

Thomson Reuters is the publisher and copyright owner of the Journal Citation Reports[R]. Impact factors listed in this article are used with the express permission of Thomson Reuters.

Published July 2012

Will G Hopkins Sport and Recreation, AUT University, Auckland 0627, New Zealand. Email. Reviewer: David Pyne, Department of Physiology, Australian Institute of Sport, Canberra, Australia.
Table 1. Impact factors (cites per article per year) for sport and
exercise science and medicine journals based on papers published in
2009 and 2010 that were cited in 2011. Some impact factors are shown
as inequalities, to comply with terms of use set by Thomson Reuters.
indicates a possible inadvertent omission of the journal from the
databases. "<1.0" implies a value between 0.1 and 1.0. A journal
without an impact factor is not in Thomson Reuter's science or social
sciences databases, either because the journal is too new or the
factor is too low. Color indicates direction and magnitude of change
in impact factor since last year, as follows:

<1.0 ***      ACSM's Health and Fitness Journal
3.1 *****     Acta Physiologica Scandinavica
1.5 ****      Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly
              American Journal of Medicine and Sports
4.8 *****     American Journal of Physiology - Endo & Metab
3.7 *****     American Journal of Physiology - Heart & Circ
3.8 *****     American Journal of Sports Medicine
1.4 *****     Applied Ergonomics
2.1 *****     Applied Physiology Nutrition & Metabolism
1.5 ***       Applied Psychological Measurement
1.5 ******    Applied Psychology-International Review
1.2 **        Archives of Budo
              Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
0.9 *****     Aviation Space and Environmental Medicine
2.1 ******    Behavior Research Methods
<1.0 ***      Biology of Sport
4.1 ****      British Journal of Sports Medicine
2.1 *****     Clinical Biomechanics
2.1 *****     Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
1.6 ******    Clinics in Sports Medicine
1.1 *****     Current Sports Medicine Reports
<1.0 *****    Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin
              Electromyography and Motor Control
1.4 *****     Ergonomics
2.2 *****     European Journal of Applied Physiology
1.0 ****      European Journal of Sport Science
???           European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
              European Sports History Review
2.8 ****      Exercise Immunology Review
4.5 ****      Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
*             Frontiers in Movement Science and Sport Psychology
???           Gait and Posture
1.8 ******    High Altitude Medicine and Biology
1.8 *****     Human Movement Science
*             International Journal of Athletic Therapy & Training
*             International Journal of Coaching Science
              International Journal of Computer Science in Sport
6.4 ****      International Journal of Epidemiology
<1.0 *        International Journal of History of Sport
              International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport
2.0 *****     International J of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism
<1.0 *        International Journal of Sport Finance
<0.1 *        International J of Sports Marketing & Sponsorship
1.0 *****     International Journal of Sport Psychology
2.4 *****     International Journal of Sports Medicine
1.8 **        International J of Sports Physiology & Performance
<1.0 ******   International J of Sports Science & Coaching
<1.0 **       International Review for the Sociology of Sport
<1.0 **       International Sportmed Journal
              International Sports Journal
<1.0 ***      Isokinetics and Exercise Science
???           Japanese Journal of Physical Fitness and Sport
2.1 ****      Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
1.2 *****     Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
1.2 ******    Journal of Applied Behavioral Science
<1.0 ******   Journal of Applied Biomechanics
3.7 ******    Journal of Applied Physiology
4.3 *****     Journal of Applied Psychology
1.6 ****      Journal of Applied Sport Psychology
1.8 *****     Journal of Athletic Training
2.4 *****     Journal of Biomechanics
              Journal of Comparative Physical Education & Sport
2.0 ******    Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
3.2 *****     Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
              Journal of Exercise Physiology Online
<1.0 ****     Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness
<1.0 *****    Journal of Human Kinetics
              Journal of Human Movement Studies
              Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments
              Journal of Human Sport and Exercise
1.6 ******    Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
<1.0 ******   Journal of Leisure Research
1.6 *****     Journal of Motor Behaviour
2.1 *****     Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine
3.0 ****      Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy
<1.0 ******   Journal of the Philosophy of Sport
              Journal of Physical Education, Recreation, & Dance
4.7 *****     Journal of Physiology
              Journal of Quantitative Analysis in Sports
3.0 ****      Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
2.7 *****     Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
1.1 ***       Journal of Sport and Social Issues
              Journal of Sport Behavior
<1.0 ***      Journal of Sport Economics
              Journal of Sport History
<1.0 *****    Journal of Sport Management
1.1 ***       Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
<1.0 *****    Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
<1.0          Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
1.9 *****     Journal of Sports Sciences
              Journal of Sports Traumatology
1.8 *****     Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
              Journal of Swimming Research
1.0 ***       Journal of Teaching in Physical Education
<1.0 ******   Kinesiology
1.6 **        Leisure Sciences
<1.0          Leisure Studies
              Measurement in Physical Education & Exercise Science
<1.0 *****    Medicina dello Sport
4.4 *****     Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
              Medicine and Sport Science
1.5 ***       Motor Control
1.7 ***       Pediatric Exercise Science
              Pediatric Physical Therapy
<1.0 *****    Perceptual and Motor Skills
              Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy
              Physical Educator
1.0 *****     Physical Therapy in Sport
1.0           Physician and Sportsmedicine
1.9 ******    Psychology of Sport and Exercise
<1.0 ******   Quest
1.5           Research in Sports Medicine
1.5 ****      Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
2.9 *****     Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
<1.0 ****     Science and Sports
<1.0 ****     Sociology of Sport Journal
              Sport History Review
<1.0 *****    Sport, Education, and Society
1.0 *****     (The) Sport Psychologist
<1.0 ****     Sports Biomechanics
              Sports Exercise and Injury
5.2 *****     Sports Medicine
              Sports Technology
<1.0 ****     Sportverletzung-Sportschaden
<1.0 ******   Strength and Conditioning Journal
              Women in Sport & Physical Activity Journal

LEGEND:

* New ** [up arrow] [greater than or equal to]70%
*** [up arrow] 30-69% **** [up arrow] 10-29%
***** [up arrow] [down arrow] 0-9% ****** [down arrow] >10%
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