The end of the one-child policy in China?
Article Type: Brief article
Subject: Sterilization, Eugenic (Health aspects)
Sterilization, Eugenic (Social aspects)
Mothers (Patient outcomes)
Mothers (Risk factors)
Mothers (Prevention)
Pub Date: 05/01/2011
Publication: Name: Reproductive Health Matters Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers Audience: General Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Family and marriage; Health; Women's issues/gender studies Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2011 Reproductive Health Matters ISSN: 0968-8080
Issue: Date: May, 2011 Source Volume: 19 Source Issue: 37
Topic: Event Code: 290 Public affairs
Geographic: Geographic Scope: China Geographic Code: 9CHIN China
Accession Number: 259077112
Full Text: China's one-child policy was introduced in 1979 when the Chinese government saw population containment as an essential component to alleviate its social, economic, and environmental problems. In 2007, Chinese authorities claimed the policy had helped prevent 400 million births and contributed greatly to economic growth. In a survey undertaken in 2008, 76% of the Chinese population apparently supported the policy. However, the one-child policy has been criticised within and outside the country as a serious violation of the fight to reproductive freedom. It has led to forced abortions and sterilisations, maternal deaths among women with unauthorised pregnancies, female infanticide, and child abandonment.

At the most recent annual Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and National People's Congress, a two-child policy was proposed, to start in 2015. Experts have suggested that this is because the one-child policy has resulted in an increase in older people and a decrease in younger workers, as well as a sex-ratio imbalance, which might threaten China's economic growth. (1)

(1.) The end of the one-child policy in China? [Editorial]. Lancet 2011;377(9770):968.
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