The end of the one-child policy in China?
|Article Type:||Brief article|
Sterilization, Eugenic (Social aspects)
Mothers (Patient outcomes)
Mothers (Risk factors)
|Publication:||Name: Reproductive Health Matters Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers Audience: General Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Family and marriage; Health; Women's issues/gender studies Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2011 Reproductive Health Matters ISSN: 0968-8080|
|Issue:||Date: May, 2011 Source Volume: 19 Source Issue: 37|
|Topic:||Event Code: 290 Public affairs|
|Geographic:||Geographic Scope: China Geographic Code: 9CHIN China|
China's one-child policy was introduced in 1979 when the
Chinese government saw population containment as an essential component
to alleviate its social, economic, and environmental problems. In 2007,
Chinese authorities claimed the policy had helped prevent 400 million
births and contributed greatly to economic growth. In a survey
undertaken in 2008, 76% of the Chinese population apparently supported
the policy. However, the one-child policy has been criticised within and
outside the country as a serious violation of the fight to reproductive
freedom. It has led to forced abortions and sterilisations, maternal
deaths among women with unauthorised pregnancies, female infanticide,
and child abandonment.
At the most recent annual Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and National People's Congress, a two-child policy was proposed, to start in 2015. Experts have suggested that this is because the one-child policy has resulted in an increase in older people and a decrease in younger workers, as well as a sex-ratio imbalance, which might threaten China's economic growth. (1)
(1.) The end of the one-child policy in China? [Editorial]. Lancet 2011;377(9770):968.
|Gale Copyright:||Copyright 2011 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.|