Yoga for coronary artery disease.
Article Type: Brief article
Subject: Yoga (Usage)
Yoga (Health aspects)
Yoga (Reports)
Adipose tissues (Reports)
Coronary heart disease (Care and treatment)
Coronary heart disease (Reports)
Author: Murphy, Kathleen
Pub Date: 12/22/2011
Publication: Name: Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism Publisher: National Herbalists Association of Australia Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2011 National Herbalists Association of Australia ISSN: 1033-8330
Issue: Date: Winter, 2011 Source Volume: 23 Source Issue: 4
Geographic: Geographic Scope: India Geographic Code: 9INDI India
Accession Number: 275312602
Full Text: Pal A, Srivasatava N et al. 2011. Effect of yogic practices on lipid profile and body fat composition in patients of coronary artery disease. Comp Ther Med 19:3;122-7.

The system of yoga is a lifestyle practice that incorporates a series of postures and breathing techniques that build strength and flexibility. This randomised trial examined the effect of yogic practices on body fat and lipid profile in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Two hundred and eight subjects were selected from the Department of Cardiology CSMMU in Lucknow India, out of which 178 were eligible. These subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: medication and yoga (n = 80) or only medication (n = 74). The intervention period was six months. Approximately similar medications (Metoprolol/Atenolol, Aspirin, Clopidopril, Atorvastatin/Rosuvastatin, Ramipril/Losartan/Telmisartan) were provided to both the groups upon the recommendations of a senior cardiologist. Under the guidance and supervision of yoga experts and faculty, subjects performed yogic practices 35-40 min per day, five days each week, over six months.

Prior to commencement and again after six months of intervention, fasting blood samples were collected measuring total cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL cholesterol.

Compared with the medication only group, the yoga group exhibited significant improvements in BMI (P < 0.04), fat percentage (P < 0.0002), systolic BP (P < 0.002), diastolic BP (P < 0.009), heart rate (P < 0.0001), total cholesterol (P < 0.0001), triglycerides (P < 0.0001), low density lipoprotein (P < 0.04) and fat free mass (P < 0.04), HDL (P < 0.0001).

This study showed that the regular and ongoing practice of yoga has a marked impact on the body fat composition and lipid profile in patients with CAD compared with medication alone. These individuals exhibited significant improvements in blood pressure, heart rate and BMI. It would be interesting to evaluate the success of yoga and lifestyle therapy alone without the addition of medication.

Kathleen Murphy MNHAA
Gale Copyright: Copyright 2011 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.