Worldwide mortality in men and women aged 15-59 years.
Article Type: Brief article
Subject: Mortality (United States)
Mortality (Demographic aspects)
Mortality (Risk factors)
Mortality (Reports)
Pub Date: 11/01/2010
Publication: Name: Reproductive Health Matters Publisher: Elsevier Science Publishers Audience: General Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Family and marriage; Health; Women's issues/gender studies Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2010 Reproductive Health Matters ISSN: 0968-8080
Issue: Date: Nov, 2010 Source Volume: 18 Source Issue: 36
Geographic: Geographic Scope: United States Geographic Code: 1USA United States
Accession Number: 247520194
Full Text: Every year, more than 7.7 million children die before age five; however, nearly 24 million adults die under the age of 60. The prevention of premature adult death is just as important for global health policy as the improvement of child survival, but has received little attention. This study estimated worldwide mortality in men and women aged 15-59 (45q15) by compiling a database of 3,889 measurements of adult mortality for 187 countries from 1970 to 2010 using vital registration data, census and survey data. Adult mortality varied substantially across countries and over time. In 2010, the countries with the lowest risk of mortality for men and women were Iceland and Cyprus, respectively. In Iceland, male 45q15 is 65 per 1,000; in Cyprus, female 45q15 is 38 per 1,000. Highest risk of mortality by age 60 was seen in Swaziland for men (765 per 1,000) and Zambia for women (606 per 1,000). Between 1970 and 2010, substantial increases in adult mortality occurred in sub-Saharan Africa because of the HIV epidemic and in countries in or related to the former Soviet Union. There has been a stagnation in the decline of adult mortality for large countries in Southeast Asia, but a striking decline in female mortality in South Asia. Risk of mortality is generally higher for men than for women, and the gap is widening. The global health community needs to broaden its focus and ensure that those who survive to adulthood will also survive until old age. Routine monitoring of adult mortality should be given much greater emphasis. (1)

(1.) Rajaratnam JK, Marcus JR, Levin-Rector A, et al. Worldwide mortality in men and women aged 15-59 years from 1970 to 2010: a systematic analysis. Lancet 2010;375(9727):1704-20.
Gale Copyright: Copyright 2010 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.