West Virginia: Alzheimer's statistics.
Article Type: Statistical data
Subject: Alzheimer's disease (Reports)
Pub Date: 05/01/2011
Publication: Name: West Virginia Medical Journal Publisher: West Virginia State Medical Association Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2011 West Virginia State Medical Association ISSN: 0043-3284
Issue: Date: May-June, 2011 Source Volume: 107 Source Issue: 3
Geographic: Geographic Scope: United States Geographic Code: 1USA United States
Accession Number: 258438119
Full Text: In the United States, an estimated 5.4 million people are living with Alzheimer's disease, and someone develops the disease every 69 seconds. Unless something is done, as many as 16 million Americans will have Alzheimer's in 2050 and someone will develop the disease every 33 seconds. In 2010, 14.9 million family members and friends provided 17 billion hours of unpaid care to those with Alzheimer's and other dementias--care valued at $202.6 billion.

2011 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures

With Alzheimer's, it is not just those with the disease who suffer. It's also their caregivers.

* In 2010, 14.9 million family and friends provided 17 billion hours of unpaid care to those with Alzheimer's and other dementials.

* The economic value of the unpaid care provided to those with Alzheimer's and other dementias totaled $202.6 billion in 2010.

* More than 60 percent of Alzheimer's and dementia caregivers rate the emotional stress of caregiving as high or very high; one third report symptoms of depression.

Alzheimer's is not just memory loss. Alzheimer's kills.

* Alzheimer's disease is the 6th leading cause of death in the United States and 5th leading cause of death for those aged 65 and older.

* Alzheimer's is the only cause of death among the top 10 in America without a way to prevent, cure, or even slow its progression.

* Deaths from Alzheimer's increased 66 percent between 2000 and 2008, while deaths from other major diseases, including the number one cause of death (heart disease), decreased.

The number of Americans with this devastating and heartbreaking disease is growing--and fast.

* Today, 5.4 million Americans are living with Alzheimer's disease--5.2 million aged 65 and over; 200,000 with younger-onset Alzheimer's. By 2050, as many as 16 million Americans will have the disease.

* Two-thirds of those with the disease--3.4 million--are women.

* Of Americans aged 65 and over, 1 in 8 has Alzheimer's, and nearly half of people aged 85 and older have the disease.

* Another American develops Alzheimer's disease every 69 seconds. In 2050, an American will develop the disease every 33 seconds.

* Most people survive an average of four to eight years after an Alzheimer's diagnosis, but some live as long as 20 years with the disease.

* On average, 40 percent of a person's years with Alzheimer's are spent in the most severe stage of the disease--longer than any other stage.

* Four percent of the general population will be admitted to a nursing home by age 80. But, for people with Alzheimer's, 75 percent will be admitted to a nursing home by age 80.

The 2011 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures report also contains data on the impact of the disease in every state across the nation.

Find the full report and information on your state at www.alz.orq/facts

Alzheimer's disease has profound implications for government budgets.

* In 2011, the cost of caring for those with Alzheimer's to American society will total an estimated $183 billion. This is an $11 billion increase over last year--a rate of increase more than four times inflation.

* Average per person Medicare payments for those with Alzheimer's and other dementias are three times higher than for those without these conditions. Medicaid spending on seniors with Alzheimer's and other dementias is nine times higher.

* Unless something is done, the costs of Alzheimer's to Americans in 2050 will total $1.1 trillion (in today's dollars).

* Between now and 2050, Medicare spending on those with Alzheimer's will increase nearly 600 percent, and Medicaid spending will increase nearly 400 percent.
Number of People Aged 65 and Older with Alzheimer's by Age

Year        65-74              75-84                85+

2000         2,700             21,000             16,000
2010         2,500             22,000             19,000
2020         3,200             22,000             20,000
2025         3,500             26,000             21,000

Year        Total      % change from
                                 2000
2000        40,000
2010        44,000                10%
2020        46,000                15%
2025        50,000                25%

Number of Alzheimer's and Dementia Caregivers,
Hours of Unpaid Care, and Economic Value of Care

                         Total Hours        Total Value
        Number of          of Unpaid          of Unpaid
Year    Caregivers              Care               Care

2008        84,499         72,939,381      $809,627,130
2009        93,568        106,554,842   $1,1,225,380,682
2010       105,464        120,102,716    $1,432,825,396

Cognitive Impairment in Nursing Home Residents, 2008

Total Nursing Home Residents   22,104

Level of Cognitive Impairment

sever/moderate   36%
mild/very mild   42%
none             22%

Note: Table made from pie chart.

Percentage Change in Number with Alzheimer's Disease
Compared to 2000

2010   10%
2020   15%
2025   25%

Note: Table made from bar graph.


Change in Number of Deaths
Between 2000 and 2008

Breast Cancer          -3%
Prostate Cancer        -8%
Heart Disease         -13%
Stroke                -20%
HIV                   -29%
Alzheimer's Disease   +66%

Note: Table made from bar graph.

2011 Cost of Alzheimer's = $183 Billion

Out-of-Pocket   $31b
Other           $22b
Medicare        $93b
Medicaid        $37b

Note: Table made from pie chart.
Gale Copyright: Copyright 2011 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.