Sports and recreation activities for young children in ancient Greece The young boxers of Akrotiri, Santorini (Thera).
|Subject:||Greek history, to 330 (Ancient period)|
|Publication:||Name: International Journal of Health Science Publisher: Renaissance Medical Publishing Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2010 Renaissance Medical Publishing ISSN: 1791-4299|
|Issue:||Date: July-Sept, 2010 Source Volume: 3 Source Issue: 3|
The Minoan civilization evolved some 4,000 years ago. Surrounded by
sea, and with a strong fleet the Minoan evolved into a powerful
thalasocracy (maritime supremacy). The Minoan town had almost no walls
(like in later time Sparta and Macedonia). The Minoan civilization
reached its peak by the year 2,000 B.C., and it maintained cultural and
commercial links with the Egyptians, Assyrians and Babylonians. (1-8)
The renowned sport of ancient minoan civilization, open to both genders and subjecting all to the same standards, was bull leaping. This was a dangerous pastime, but harmless and humane to the athlete and the animal if performed with skill. A bull would be released to charge toward the jumper. Once it was in sufficient proximity, the performer would attach his hands to the bull's horns and vault onto the creature's back. Another common objective was to somersault from such a position to a state of standing on a spot of land directly behind the bull (Fig 1).
Boxing was also a favorite activity. The precise regulations are unknown, but this is perhaps a source of inspiration for later Greeks, who adapted the sport to the Olympic Games. This fresco of Young Boxers is from Santorini (Thera) (1550 BC) represents the oldest known portrayal of a boxing sport, complete with gloves (Fig 2).
The painting depicts two boys with their heads shaved but for two long locks dangling at the back and two shorter ones above the forehead. They each wear a belt and have a boxing glove on their right hands. Their large exaggerated eyes are common in the Aegean frescoes of this period. The boy to the left wears jewelry consisting of a necklace and two bracelets, one on the arm and the other around the ankle. The other boy is unadorned, probably in order to indicate his lower social status. This scene may depict the boys taking part in an initiation rite. (1-5)
Made with a hand painted, aged appearance on a wood surface with brilliant blue and brown fresco hues. This wall painting was found in one of the houses in the settlement of Akrotiri iwhich was destroyed by the sixteenth-century BC volcanic eruption there. The Greek Bronze Age settlement is on the Greek island of Santorini, associated with the Minoan civilization due to close similarities in artifact and fresco styles.
[FIGURE 1 OMITTED]
[FIGURE 2 OMITTED]
Frescoes, pottery, furniture, advanced drainage systems and three-storey buildings have been discovered at Akrotiri, whose excavation was started in 1967 by Spyridon Marinatos. Dating from the Bronze Age, late Bronze Age, 16th c. B.C., the fresco adorned the south wall of a second-floor room in House B, where other frescoes were also uncovered. (3-6)
(1.) Durant W. The Life of Greece .The Story of Civilization Part II. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1939.
(2.) Coldstream JN and Huxley G L. Kythera: Excavations and Studies Conducted by the University of Pennsylvania Museum and the British School at Athens. London: Faber & Faber, 1972.
(3.) J. Strange, Caphtor/Keftiu. A New Investigation. Texts 16-112. E. J. Brill: Leiden, 1980.
(4.) Marinatos N. Minoan Religion: Ritual, Image, and Symbol. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 1993.
(5.) Marinatos S. Crete and Mycenae (originally published in Greek, 1959), photographs by Max Hirmer, 1960.
(6.) Marinatos S. Life and Art in Prehistoric Thera, In: Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol 57, Year of Publication 1972.
(7.) Syrmos N. Historical back training in most important points of neurosurgery. Master Thesis Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece. Year of Publication 2007.
(8.) Syrmos N, Ampatzidis G, Fachantidou A, Mouratidis I, Syrmos Ch. Historical back training in most important points of neurosurgery. Annals of General Psychiatry 2010 (Suppl 1):S89.
Nikolaos Ch.Syrmos, Argyrios Mylonas
Department of Anatomy, School of Sports Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece
Corresponding author: Dr Nikolaos Ch.Syrmos,
Papafi 159, P.C 54453, Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece
|Gale Copyright:||Copyright 2010 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.|