Questions February 2012.
|Publication:||Name: South African Medical Journal Publisher: South African Medical Association Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2012 South African Medical Association ISSN: 0256-9574|
|Issue:||Date: Feb, 2012 Source Volume: 102 Source Issue: 2|
CPD questionnaires must be completed online via
www.cpdjournals.co.za After submission you can check the answers and
print your certificate.
1. True (A) or false (B):
Acute-onset vomiting and diarrhoea is one of the most common illnesses in infancy.
2. True (A) or false (B):
In infancy, acute-onset vomiting and diarrhoea is usually caused by allergy to pollens.
3. True (A) or false (B):
Acute-onset vomiting and diarrhoea in infants is caused by acute infection with a variety of viruses, bacteria and parasites.
4. True (A) or false (B):
Acute diarrhoea may lead to life-threatening dehydration.
5. True (A) or false (B):
6. True (A) or false (B):
Gastroenteritis is caused by droplet infection caused by sneezing or coughing.
7. True (A) or false (B):
Immunisation with rotavirus vaccines reduces the severity of infection.
8. True (A) or false (B):
Full and exclusive breastfeeding on demand protects against intestinal infections.
9. True (A) or false (B):
The extrapyramidal effects of metoclopramide in young infants should warrant caution.
10. True (A) or false (B):
Antibiotic therapy is indicated in the majority of cases of diarrhoea caused by viral infection.
11. True (A) or false (B):
Once the child shows signs of dehydration, oral replacement therapy takes precedence over feeding.
12. True (A) or false (B):
Since the introduction of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTcT) strategies, vertical transmission of HIV has declined in low- and middle-income countries from 20-40% to 2.8% in the best-case scenarios.
13. True (A) or false (B):
South Africa has the largest antiretroviral therapy (Art) programme in the world.
14. True (A) or false (B):
The estimated number of people (1.2 million) requiring ART in the next 2 years exceeds the capacity of the healthcare system if treatment continues to be initiated only by doctors.
15. True (A) or false (B):
Nurse initiation and maintenance of ART achieves similar outcomes of viral suppression, adherence, toxicity and death.
16. True (A) or false (B):
Changes to the south African national AIDs prevention and treatment policies include that all children under 1 year of age would be eligible for antiretroviral therapy irrespective of CD4 count.
17. True (A) or false (B):
Which of the following is NOT correct? Indications for the use of influenza viral vaccines 2012 include:
a) Pregnant women
b) Long-jump athletes
c) Persons over the age of 65 years
d) Persons who are at high risk for influenza and its complications because of underlying medical conditions.
18. True (A) or false (B):
A protective antibody response to influenza vaccines takes 2 hours to develop
19. True (A) or false (B):
More than 50% of hospitalised patients are at risk for venous thrombo-embolism
20. True (A) or false (B):
Cell phones offer many potential learning opportunities for healthcare workers.
1. Read the journal. All the answers will be found there.
2. Go to www.cpdjournals.co.za to answer the questions.
Accreditation number: MDB001/033/10/2011 (Clinical)
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