New Zealand court ruling on abortion.
|Article Type:||Brief article|
|Subject:||Abortion (Laws, regulations and rules)|
|Publication:||Name: Reproductive Health Matters Publisher: Reproductive Health Matters Audience: General Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Family and marriage; Health; Women's issues/gender studies Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2009 Reproductive Health Matters ISSN: 0968-8080|
|Issue:||Date: Nov, 2009 Source Volume: 17 Source Issue: 34|
|Topic:||Event Code: 930 Government regulation; 940 Government regulation (cont); 980 Legal issues & crime; 970 Government domestic functions Advertising Code: 94 Legal/Government Regulation Computer Subject: Government regulation|
|Geographic:||Geographic Scope: New Zealand Geographic Name: New Zealand; New Zealand Geographic Code: 8NEWZ New Zealand|
In New Zealand, the Contraception, Sterilisation and Abortion Act
of 1977 permits abortion in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy for risk to
the woman's life, serious fetal abnormality, incest or sexual
relations with a guardian, or if the woman is severely mentally
"subnormal". The approval of two consultants is required.
Right to Life New Zealand sought judicial review of the legal status of
the fetus and the functions of the Abortion Supervisory Committee (ASC),
which they claimed was not fulfilling its duties by holding consultants
accountable for certifying abortions. The court said there is no right
to life before birth, bur there is a claim on the conscience of the
community and the woman. The ASC was told it was authorised to review or
scrutinise decisions of certifying consultants and has the authority to
require consultants to maintain records and reports on cases considered.
Other functions of the ASC were review of the abortion law and reporting
to parliament on its operation, ongoing review of the procedure for
authorising abortions, and appointing and removing consultants to do so.
(1.) Cusack S. Right to Life New Zealand Inc. v. Abortion Supervisory Committee, HC WN CIV 2005-485-999 (High Court of New Zealand, 9 June 2008). International Reproductive & Sexual Health Law Listserve, Center for Reproductive Rights, 17 June 2008.
|Gale Copyright:||Copyright 2009 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.|