More than one in three South African men admit to having committed rape: sense of sexual entitlement and desire to punish women given as motivating factors.
Child sexual abuse (Surveys)
|Publication:||Name: Sister Namibia Publisher: Sister Namibia Audience: Academic; General Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Social sciences; Women's issues/gender studies Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2010 Sister Namibia ISSN: 1026-9126|
|Issue:||Date: Dec, 2010 Source Volume: 22 Source Issue: 4|
|Product:||Product Code: 9101312 Rape NAICS Code: 92212 Police Protection|
|Organization:||Company Name: Medical Research Foundation|
|Geographic:||Geographic Scope: United States; South Africa Geographic Code: 6SOUT South Africa|
A 2010 study led by the government-funded Medical Research
Foundation says that in Gauteng province (which includes Johannesburg)
more than 37 percent of men said they had raped a woman. Nearly 7
percent of the 487 men surveyed said they had participated in a gang
rape. A survey by the same organization in 2008 found that 28 percent of
men in Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal provinces said they had raped a
woman or girl. Of the men who had committed rape, one third did not feel
guilty, said Rachel Jewkes, a lead researcher on both studies.
Two-thirds of the men surveyed in that study said they raped because of
a sense of sexual entitlement.
Jewkes believes South Africa's history of racial division and associated trauma is part of the reason of the high incidence of sexual violence in the country. "Apartheid has contributed to a culture of impunity surrounding rape," she said. Men who were abused or experienced trauma during their childhood are much more likely to rape, and apartheid destroyed family life, fostering violence and anti-social behaviour. "We need to start interventions in childhood, focusing on building a more empowering childhood environment, especially for boys," she emphasized. The new study, conducted with a gender rights advocacy body, is the first community-based study of its kind with women in 12 years. The group hopes to replicate the study across southern Africa.
|Gale Copyright:||Copyright 2010 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.|