Lifestyle plays clear role in cancer.
Article Type: Brief article
Subject: Health behavior (Research)
Cancer (Research)
Oncology, Experimental
Authors: Klatz, Ronald
Goldman, Robert
Pub Date: 08/01/2012
Publication: Name: Townsend Letter Publisher: The Townsend Letter Group Audience: General; Professional Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2012 The Townsend Letter Group ISSN: 1940-5464
Issue: Date: August-Sept, 2012 Source Issue: 349-350
Topic: Event Code: 310 Science & research Canadian Subject Form: Health behaviour
Product: Product Code: 8000220 Cancer & Cell R&D NAICS Code: 54171 Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences SIC Code: 8731 Commercial physical research; 8733 Noncommercial research organizations
Geographic: Geographic Scope: United Kingdom Geographic Code: 4EUUK United Kingdom
Accession Number: 303012884
Full Text: The study findings that we share in this column reiterate the role of lifestyle in cancer. A team of researchers from the UK recently identified the proportions of cancer in the population that associate with lifestyle and environmental factors. D. M. Parkin and colleagues from Queen Mary University of London found that smoking exerts by far the largest effect on the risk of cancer, with 19.4% of cancer cases in the UK attributable to tobacco use. A poor diet (less intake of fruits and vegetables and fiber and greater intake of meat and salt), obesity, and alcohol are the next most important factors that relate to cancer, with alcohol being calculated to relate to 4.0% of cancer cases in the UK. The study authors observe, "Population-attributable fractions provide a valuable quantitative appraisal of the impact of different factors in cancer causation, and are thus helpful in prioritizing cancer control strategies!

Parkin DM, Boyd L, Walker LC. The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010. Br J Cancer. 105:S77-S81.

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by Ronald Klatz, MD, DO, and Robert Goldman, MD, PhD, DO, FAASP
Gale Copyright: Copyright 2012 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.