Historical catches of Humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the North Atlantic Ocean: estimates of landings and removals.
Abstract: Whaling for humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the North Atlantic Ocean has occurred in various forms (e.g. for local subsistence, for oil to be sold commercially, using hand harpoons and deck-mounted cannons, using oar-driven open boats and modern powered catcher boats) from the early 1600's to the present. Several previous attempts to estimate the total numbers of humpback whales removed were considered close to comprehensive, but some uncertainties remained. Moreover, the statistical uncertainty was not consistently presented with the previous estimates. Therefore, we have pursued several avenues of additional data collection and conducted further analyses to close outstanding data gaps and address remaining issues. Our new estimates of landings and total removals of humpback whales from the North Atlantic are 21,476 (SE=214) and 30,842 (SE=655), respectively. These results include statistical uncertainty, reflect new data and improved analysis methods, and take account of some fisheries for which estimates had not been made previously. The new estimates are not sufficiently different from previous ones to resolve the major inconsistencies and discrepancies encountered in efforts to determine the conservation status of humpback whale populations in the North Atlantic.
Subject: Cetacea (Behavior)
Cetacea (Research)
Whaling (Research)
Authors: Smith, Tim D.
Reeves, Randall R.
Pub Date: 06/22/2010
Publication: Name: Marine Fisheries Review Publisher: Superintendent of Documents Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Agricultural industry; Business Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2010 U.S. Department of Commerce ISSN: 0090-1830
Issue: Date: Summer, 2010 Source Volume: 72 Source Issue: 3
Topic: Event Code: 310 Science & research
Product: Product Code: 0914019 Whales NAICS Code: 11421 Hunting and Trapping SIC Code: 0971 Hunting, trapping, game propagation
Organization: Organization: International Whaling Commission
Geographic: Geographic Scope: Cape Verde; Grenada Geographic Code: 6CAPE Cape Verde; 0ATLA Atlantic Ocean; 5GREN Grenada
Accession Number: 246535830
Full Text: Introduction

Humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the North Atlantic Ocean have been the subjects of an enormous amount of research in recent decades, including studies of population structure and distribution, social organization and behavior, abundance, and historical levels of removals. The Scientific Committee of the International Whaling Commission (IWC) began giving attention to the status of North Atlantic humpbacks in the 1970's, and during 2002-03 attempted to integrate what was known about the whales in this ocean basin using a population model-based approach. Population status was assessed primarily in terms of the ratio of present abundance to that prior to the beginning of commercial whaling in the 1600's, accounting for the existence of distinct breeding populations and the direct demographic effects of removals by whaling (IWC, 2003).

Although not generally viewed as one of the main target species of premodern whaling, the humpback was at least a secondary seasonal target of American shore-based and ship-based open-boat whalers in the late 18th century and much of the 19th century. Humpback whaling in the North Atlantic has been described by a series of papers, beginning with Mitchell and Reeves (1983:198), who noted, "Rather than experiencing a single, short, well documented period of intensive exploitation, the ... [western] population ... has been subjected to several centuries of hunting marked by at least three well documented peaks."

Subsequent work included the eastern and central North Atlantic and used 1) additional data sources (Reeves and Smith, 2002), 2) the results of various regional studies (Reeves et al., 2001a, 2001b, 2002a, 2002b, 2004, 2006), and 3) statistical sampling methods designed to obtain unbiased estimates of total removals (e.g. Smith and Reeves, 2003b). In documents prepared for the IWC Scientific Committee (Smith and Reeves, 2002, 2003a), we estimated landings and removals for 13 regionally and operationally defined fisheries (Reeves and Smith, 2002: Table 1). To avoid forming an estimate that was a lower bound, the committee attempted to identify a best possible estimate for all years that each fishery was known to operate, even if that meant making substantial assumptions for some fisheries. Our work for the Scientific Committee resulted in an estimated total of roughly 29,000 humpback whales removed from the entire North Atlantic by whaling since 1616 (IWC, 2002, 2003).

That estimate is substantially higher than the lower bound of roughly 7,000 whales from Mitchell and Reeves (1983), which those authors used for a "conservative minimum estimate" of pre-whaling abundance in the western North Atlantic. Our 29,000 estimate for the Scientific Committee had a different purpose (population modeling) and was not intended to be a lower bound. Also, it took account of catches in other areas of the North Atlantic, particularly Norway, the Faroes, and the Cape Verde Islands. The Scientific Committee used the estimates from Smith and Reeves (2003a: Table 3), broken down by area, in a 2-population, spatially explicit population model to attempt to assess the status of humpbacks in the North Atlantic. All base-case models considered by Punt et al. (2007) in their analysis of the sensitivity of the assessment to various uncertainties suggested prewhaling abundance levels in the range of 20,000-30,000.

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A critical review completed in 2007 (Smith and Pike, 2009) identified 7 specific areas of uncertainty surrounding the status of North Atlantic humpback whales. For example, it identified uncertainties concerning population structure, population size, and spatial mixing of individuals from different feeding or breeding areas. The review also highlighted the problem of lack of fit of the population models and inconsistencies between catch-based estimates of pre-whaling abundance and genetics-based estimates of long-term historical abundance.

Those authors also identified several directions for research to address the uncertainties, one of which was to improve the catch history, specifically "filling in some residual uncertainties and completing estimates of sampling uncertainty" (Smith and Pike, 2009:173). In this paper, we use new catch data for some fisheries and reanalyze previously available data for other fisheries to develop new estimates (with associated estimates of statistical precision) of humpback whale landings and removals for the entire North Atlantic from the early 17th century to the present.

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Materials and Methods

The analyses here were organized according to the same 13 fisheries as those defined by Reeves and Smith (2002). Based on improved understanding of whaling in the North Atlantic, however, some of the names of the fisheries (and their subfisheries) have been changed (Table 1). For three ship-based fisheries (Fisheries 2, 6, and 11), we replaced the word "pelagic" with "offshore" to reflect their operations more accurately and to distinguish them from near-shore fisheries. We also redefined one fishery, previously termed American Nonmechanized Coastal. We divided it into shore-based and ship-based components. The shore-based compo nent is now included in the American Nonmechanized Shore fishery (Fishery 7). The vessel-based component is now included in the Other Areas subfishery of the American Nonmechanized Offshore fishery (Fishery 11).

The 13 fisheries were cross-referenced to the taxonomy of Reeves and Smith (2006), where global whaling was classified according to Operations and Eras (Table 1). Operations were defined by nation and by the nature of the whaling activities, and Eras according to the origin and nature of the whaling methods. Again, we substituted the term "offshore" for "pelagic" in the names of the Eras. Our definitions of fisheries and subfisheries for North Atlantic humpbacks, as explained in the preceding paragraph, are more spatially and temporally resolved and thus provide a more coherent basis for use in fishery-by-fishery catch estimation than does the global taxonomy. Therefore, in this paper we refer to North Atlantic fisheries according to the Reeves and Smith (2002) terminology and use the Operations/Eras terminology of Reeves and Smith (2006, as amended in Table 1) when referring to whaling in other parts of the world.

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Data Sources

Various databases, lists, and summaries of data related to North Atlantic humpback whaling have been published or are otherwise available, and we assembled all of the relevant information of which we were aware. There are three general types of data, usually corresponding to the time period and nature of the fishery.

First, for many of the 20th century fisheries there are regular summary reports by national agencies and international bodies (e.g. the Bureau of International Whaling Statistics), usually giving the number of whales landed at shore stations or processed at sea by specific ships (Allison and Smith, 2004). Such summary reports are generally derived from more detailed records (e.g. daily station or vessel logs). In recent years, the IWC Secretariat has conducted inquiries into 20th century catches in the North Atlantic, particularly subfisheries of the Norwegian Mechanized Shore fishery in northern Norway (subfishery 1.1), in Iceland (subfishery 1.4) , in the Faroe Islands (subfishery 1.5) , and in Newfoundland (subfishery 1.7). The Secretariat (1) has kindly shared the results of those inquiries with us for the purposes of this paper.

In those instances where the species of some of the landed whales were not identified in the IWC data, we prorated the unidentified component according to the ratio of the total identified humpbacks landed to the total identified whales landed, pooling the data by decade and by fishery or subfishery. We estimated the standard errors by assuming a binomial model for the proportion of total identified landings that were humpbacks.

A second type of data consists of reports of catch and production by pre20th century commercial shore whaling establishments. Such reports are usually preserved in company or government files or in newspapers. This type of data is highly variable in both content and completeness; rarely does it include numbers of whales landed. Most often, the catch is reported as product volumes (oil) or weight (baleen), in variable units, and sometimes it includes the monetary value of the products. For some whaling operations, the available information is very limited. For example, it may consist of nothing more than the number of boats, crews, or men employed or the number of stations active, possibly only for a few years over the life of the operation.

The third type of data consists of records on catch and production by pre-20th century whaling voyages. Such data come mainly from daily logbook entries, government reports (e.g. customs-house records), and newspapers. Reeves and Smith (2006) identified two operations in the American-style Offshore Era that took humpback whales in the North Atlantic, one from the United States (operation 64) and one from what is now Canada (operation 52). The former, here denoted as the American Nonmechanized Offshore fishery (Fishery 11) and the latter, here denoted as the Canada Nonmechanized Offshore fishery (Fishery 6), accounted for most of the 19th century landings of humpback whales in the North Atlantic.

We identified gaps in the available information for some fisheries, and as a result undertook to obtain additional data on the Greenland Nonmechanized Shore fishery (Fishery 3), the Bermuda Nonmechanized Shore fishery (Fishery 9), several subfisheries of the West Indies Nonmechanized Shore fishery (Fishery 10), the American Nonmechanized Offshore Fishery in the Cape Verde Islands (subfishery 11.2), and the Cape Verde Islands Nonmechanized Shore fishery (Fishery 12). With regard to the Greenland fishery (Fishery 3), it had long been recognized that Danish colonial records could be consulted for additional data on pre1885 humpback catches, but this had not been done (Mitchell and Reeves, 1983; Reeves and Smith, 2002). We therefore arranged for Bo Poulsen, a professor at the University of Roskilde, to carry out a pilot study of Danish colonial records on our behalf. He examined a sample of "daybooks" of the Royal Greenland Trade Company kept at trading posts along the west coast of Greenland. The material was in the form of microfilms held by the IWC as a donation from Margaret Klinowska, who in the early 1980's had initiated and then abandoned an archival study of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus, in Greenland using this material. Poulsen and his assistant examined the daybooks for reports of whaling during the months of July to September, when humpbacks were most likely to be in the area. They extracted information on specific references to whaling activity, whales caught, and the processing of whale products (Poulsen (2)).

Concerning the Bermuda fishery (Fishery 9), one of us (RRR) sampled some materials at the Public Record Office in London in October 2008 in addition to those that had already been examined by Mitchell and Reeves (1983) and Reeves et al. (2006). This included additional Blue Books (annual reports for U.K. Customs) for the years 1821, 1860, 1865, 1870, 1875, and 1880; Board of Trade correspondence (CO 41/18, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75; CO37/1, 2, 8, 22); and a mid-19th century run of Bermuda newspapers (CO 41/1 (1839-45) to 5 (1847-51)), specifically The Royal Gazette: Bermuda Commercial and General Advertiser and Recorder (1839-53) and The Bermuda Herald (1847-51).

Relative to the West Indies fishery (Fishery 10), one of us (RRR) searched trade records at the Public Record Office, with a particular focus on St. Lucia, Grenada, and the Turks and Caicos. The Grenada Blue Books were checked for the years 1821, 1822, 1830, 1840, and 1850, and for every year from 1856 to 1929, looking for information on whaling activity and whale products. The St. Lucia Blue Books were checked for the years 1825 to 1910. In the course of checking Bermuda newspapers (above) we also looked for evidence of shore whaling at Turks and Caicos during the middle of the 19th century.

Regarding the American Nonmechanized Offshore fishery in the Cape Verde Islands (subfishery 11.2), we suspected that this fishery had begun somewhat earlier than was assumed by Smith and Reeves (2003b). To explore this, we sampled additional logbooks for voyages beginning between 1850 and 1865.

With regard to the Cape Verde Islands (CVI) Nonmechanized Shore fishery (Fishery 12), we subcontracted two investigators to assist us in searching for archival source material. Cristina Brito (aided by Nina Vieira) carried out a search of libraries and archives in Lisbon, and Cornelius J. Hazevoet conducted a search of archives and libraries in the CVI. Brito attempted to identify and visit all libraries or historical archives in Lisbon related to the overseas colonies and their history and economics. Electronic and manual indexes were used in each institution, employing as search terms both the subject (e.g. and/or Cape Verde Islands, Portuguese overseas colonies; Fishing, Whaling; Natural History; Marine Animals, Commerce; Industry) and the time period (Cape Verde Islands and 1800 forward). The researchers examined all items that showed promise of containing relevant information.

Hazevoet's search of local archives and book repositories in the CVI covered 4 islands: Sal, Santiago (Praia), Sao Vicente, and Sao Nicolau. Various archives, museums, and relevant institutions were visited in Praia, the capital of the island of Santiago, and on Sao Vicente, but no useful information was found. A planned visit to the island of Maio, where a shore station operated until the early 20th century, had to be abandoned for logistical reasons.

Estimating Landings

For 20th century whaling, we assigned catches to fisheries and subfisheries based on the nations indicated and the descriptions of the shore stations provided by the IWC Secretariat. In consultation with the Secretariat, we supplemented and corrected the data for a few shore stations based on newly available sources. We evaluated the completeness of the data and concluded that the level of uncertainty was small relative to the total reported landings.

For pre-20th century shore whaling, we used the number of humpback whales taken when this was reported. More typically, we estimated the number of humpbacks taken as the total humpback whale oil production divided by the average amount of oil obtained per whale. We standardized the reported weight or volume of oil (to U.S. barrels, i.e. 31.5 American gallons). The unit definitions were not always clear from the source of the records (e.g. American vs. Imperial gallons). When possible, we used evidence within the same source or data series to infer which units were applicable. Failing that, we used conversion factors obtained from similar sub-fisheries or, if necessary, standard (albeit arbitrary) factors (e.g. Reeves et al., 2006).

The number of barrels obtained per whale varied with the location and timing of the whaling operation and the efficiency of the processing procedures. For example, whales at the end of the season on a breeding ground would be expected to produce less oil than whales just beginning to migrate from a feeding ground. Also, shark damage to carcasses, and consequently reduced oil production, tended to be a much more serious problem at tropical stations. Thus, we tried to derive average oil yield per whale separately for each fishery or subfishery using the data for events or years when both the whale catch and the oil production were reported. For a few sub-fisheries where data were not available, we used summary statistics from a similar whaling operation as the basis for estimating catches. We estimated the standard errors of the various conversion factors and rates, and used these to calculate statistical uncertainty for catch estimates.

Although we estimated sampling uncertainty using parametric methods where possible, we often had no choice but to estimate the sampling uncertainty from the variance of a uniform distribution representing the range of values for selected time periods with observations. In particular, we used this latter approach to describe the statistical uncertainty of interpolated landings for years when reports were missing from the historical record (Reeves and Smith, 2010). This included interpolations over periods of several years or even decades. The method includes assigning average landings from adjacent years to years with no information, and assigning linearly interpolated values of mean landings to selected periods of years before and after a gap in reports. We estimated standard errors for these interpolations by assuming a uniform distribution estimated from the values being averaged. We report the overall uncertainty of our estimates as standard errors, recognizing that there is additional uncertainty that we are unable to measure. This applies especially to assumptions regarding completeness of records and the selection of time periods and geographic regions for pooling data.

With regard to pre-20th century offshore whaling, summary data for the American Nonmechanized Offshore fishery have been published documenting nearly all voyages made in the 19th century (Lund et al., 2010). These data include the names of vessels and captains, vessel characteristics, dates of voyages, quantities of sperm oil, baleen whale oil, and whalebone (baleen) returned, and announced voyage destinations. Further, we assembled logbook data from several sources, as follows: 1) logbooks read for our previous study (Smith and Reeves, 2003b), 2) a stratified random sample of logbooks read specifically for this study to cover the period 1850 to 1865, when we suspected the peak of vessel-based humpbacking in the Cape Verde Islands to have occurred, and 3) worksheets of data originally extracted from logbooks for the charts published by Townsend (1935). Although we used the methods of Smith and Reeves (2003b) for our recent logbook sampling (item 2, above), we also simplified the stratification procedures because several of the differences found previously between the mean number of whales landed per voyage and the proportion of Atlantic-bound voyages that whaled in the West Indies or Cape Verde Islands were not significant (Smith and Reeves, 2003b: Tables 2, 3).

The logbook data included numbers of whales secured and processed ("landed"), and, where possible, numbers of whales struck but not landed ("struck and lost"), all on a daily and location-specific basis. We assumed that the list of voyages in Lund et al. (2010) was complete and that the average number of humpback whales taken per voyage from our logbook sample was representative of all voyages. We estimated landings as the product of 1) the number of voyages identified in the summary voyage data, stratified by year and port of departure, 2) the proportion of those voyages that whaled in a given area judging by the geographic information in the logbooks sampled, and 3) the average number of humpback whales landed per voyage from the catch information in the logbook data.

Removals: Struck and Lost Rates

The estimates of landings derived from the general procedures outlined above do not account for whales that were struck and killed by harpoons or explosive devices but were not landed, the so-called struck and lost whales. The struck and lost component can be a significant fraction of the total mortality caused by whaling. The rate at which struck whales were lost and the rate at which they died of their injuries undoubtedly varied according to a number of factors, including the species, the whaling methods, and the environmental conditions. Whaling catch data that include the struck and lost component are not common and generally are found only in logbooks (including personal journals) kept on board the vessels or in daily records kept at shore stations.

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We identified data suitable for estimating the rate at which humpback whales were struck and lost for two fisheries, first in logbooks from the American Nonmechanized Offshore fishery (Fishery 11) and second in catcher boat log books from two land stations using Norwegian Mechanized Shore methods (Fishery 1). We used these data, supplemented by anecdotal observations from a range of whaling operations, to estimate loss rates.

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In their Table 10, Mitchell and Reeves (1983) presented logbook data on struck humpback whales. They classified struck and lost whales according to the circumstances under which they were lost, as follows: 1) sank, 2) escaped with gear attached, 3) escaped after the harpoon pulled free or "drew," 4) escaped in unknown condition, or 5) calves whose mothers were known killed. Those authors judged that all struck whales in the first, second, and fifth categories likely died of their injuries or in the case of calves due to orphaning, and that half of the whales in the other two categories likely died. Using those assumptions, Mitchell and Reeves estimated loss rate factors ranging from 1.86 to 2.12.

We extracted data on struck humpbacks from additional logbooks, and adopted the first four of the five categories of Mitchell and Reeves (1983). We concluded that the information in the logbooks on calf orphaning was too sporadic and sparse to allow reliable assignment of animals to the fifth category Not all logbooks included records of struck and lost whales. Given the high rates of loss indicated in other logbooks, we assumed that the complete absence of loss information in some logbooks reflected incomplete reporting by the log keepers rather that 100% efficiency in landing struck whales.

To minimize bias from such incomplete reporting we selected for analysis only those logbooks with reports of at least one struck and lost whale of any species at some point during the voyage. We assumed that those data were representative of voyages that did not report struck and lost animals. We pooled our new data with the data from Mitchell and Reeves (1983), for a total of 50 voyages, as shown in Appendix 1. The number of struck and lost whales that likely died (L) was estimated following the method and assumptions of Mitchell and Reeves (1983) as summarized above, but without consideration for orphaned calves (those authors' category 5). The total of removals is L plus the number of whales tried out (T), and we calculated the loss rate as L/(L+T).

We examined loss rates both geographically (e.g. for whales in the North and South Atlantic and the North and South Pacific) and temporally (e.g. to determine if changes in whaling methods and gear had any effect). The rates were not significantly different for any of the statistical tests carried out. Therefore, we used the pooled data (Table 2) to estimate a loss rate of 0.41 (SE=0.025) and a corresponding loss rate factor (1/(1 minus the loss rate)) of 1.71 (SE=0.073). The latter can be multiplied directly by the estimated landings to estimate total removals. This factor was applied to the American Nonmechanized Offshore fishery (Fishery 11), from which the data were drawn. It was also applied to the West Indies and Cape Verde Island Nonmechanized Shore fisheries (Fisheries 10 and 12, Table 1) because they were functionally similar to American Nonmechanized Offshore fisheries in their use of small open boats without engine power.

Information on struck and lost whales is also available for two American whaling operations in Alaska that used Norwegian-style Shore era methods. From a sample of logbooks kept by catcher boats operating out of Akutan and Port Hobron, Reeves et al. (1985) reported that 46 whales (blue, fin, humpback, right, and sperm) were struck but lost in the course of securing ("landing") 2,426 whales. Those data imply a loss rate of 0.0182 (SE=0.0027), which corresponds to a loss rate factor of 1.0185 (SE=0.0028). In the absence of any other information, we applied this factor to all of the mechanized fisheries, whether from shore (Fisheries 1, 4) or offshore (Fishery 2). In the absence of any direct information and for completeness, we also applied this factor to the very minor late 20th century nonmechanized shore fishery in Madeira (Fishery 13).

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Mitchell and Reeves (1983) also summarized anecdotal information on loss rates for pre-20th century humpback shore whaling outside the breeding grounds. They cited references suggesting loss rate factors ranging from 1.2 to 2.0, corresponding to loss rates between 0.2 and 0.5. We computed the mean of this interval (0.35) and assumed a standard error based on a uniform distribution over the range, 0.087. This corresponds to a loss rate factor of 1.54 with a standard error of 0.205. This rate was applied to the nonmechanized shore and offshore feeding ground fisheries (Fisheries 3, 6, 7, 8, and 9).

Results

Estimates of landings are given below for the 13 fisheries in three groups: 1) mechanized fisheries, 2) nonmechanized shore fisheries, and 3) nonmechanized offshore fisheries. For ease of comparison, the estimates of landings are summarized in Table 3, including for each fishery or subfishery the period of years for which landings were estimated, the total landings (with standard errors, SE), and the percentage these landings represent of the total humpback landings by all fisheries combined. Figure 1 shows the annual estimates of landings of humpback whales totaling 21,476 animals for the entire period of whaling, with vertical bars indicating 99% confidence intervals. The annual estimates of landings are included in Appendix 2. Estimated removals are summarized at the end of this section.

Mechanized Whaling

This category included whaling using methods developed in Norway and in America at widely dispersed shore stations and in offshore areas beginning in the late 19th century and continuing into the 20th century (Fisheries 1, 2, 4, and 8).

Norwegian and Greenland Fisheries (Fisheries 1, 2, and 4)

The data for these three fisheries were reported in numbers of whales landed, and therefore estimation was unnecessary. Proration to account for catches reported only as "whales" was necessary for a few of the subfisheries, primarily in the period from the late 1800's to the early 1900's.

American Coastal Fishery (Fishery 8)

Reeves et al. (2002b) described this fishery in the Gulf of Maine, which lasted for less than 2 decades. The fleet of steam-powered vessels fishing for menhaden, Brevoortia spp., shifted to whales, including humpback whales, in 1880. The numbers of vessels and whales landed are available for several years (Reeves et al., 2002b: Table 3). Landed whales were estimated for years when landings were not reported by multiplying the number of vessels by the mean whales per vessel from years when these were available. The likely proportion of the landings that were humpbacks was one-quarter to one-half, judging by anecdotal comments noted in Reeves et al. (2002b). Therefore, we estimated humpback landings by multiplying the total landings by 0.375, the average of the values 0.25 and 0.50, and assigned a standard error based on a uniform distribution over that range.

Summary of Mechanized Whaling

The landings by the 4 mechanized fisheries totaled 7,727 humpback whales (Table 3, Fig. 2A), over one third of the North Atlantic total. The Norwegian Mechanized Shore fishery was by far the largest of these, accounting for 31% of the total estimated landings (Fig. 2B). It peaked (with respect to humpback catches) around 1900. The Norwegian Mechanized Offshore fishery and the Greenland Mechanized Shore fishery operated only in the 20th century, and neither fishery accounted for more than a few percent of the North Atlantic total. The American Mechanized Coastal fishery operated for only a short time in the late 19th century, and landings were relatively few.

Within the Norwegian Mechanized Shore fishery, 10 of the 11 subfisheries (Table 1) took humpback whales, and the annual landings for the 9 largest (with respect to humpback catches) are shown in Figure 3. The subfisheries varied greatly in their timing, duration, and magnitude of humpback catches.

Nonmechanized Shore Whaling

Nonmechanized shore whaling occurred off Greenland, Canada, the United States, Bermuda, the West Indies, and the Cape Verde Islands (Fisheries 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 12, and 13), spanning nearly 4 centuries, from the 17th century to the present day.

Greenland Shore Fishery (Fishery 3)

Shore whaling for humpback whales was already well developed in West Greenland by the late 1700's and it continued (in nonmechanized form) until the 1920's (Reeves and Smith, 2002). Although Reeves and Smith (2002) surmised that annual catches generally were fewer than 20 whales, the published data for years before 1886, prior to the time series of Kapel (1979), are sporadic and sketchy. The study by Poulsen on our behalf, described earlier, provided additional information.

Poulsen examined Danish daybooks for all years available from 1774 to 1820 and for even-numbered years from 1822 to 1882, as well as 1886 (Table 4). The number of references in a given daybook to humpback whales taken ranged from zero to 16, although in some instances the daybook entry was too ambiguous to determine if more than one whale was involved. We constructed a time series of humpback whale landings for this fishery up to 1885 by interpolation, using the data for years with daybook sampling to infer landings for the unsampled years in-between. This pre1886 time series was then linked to the series of landings reported by Kapel (1979) for 1886 forward. We assumed that the Kapel series was unbiased, and multiplied our pre-1886 values by the ratio between the Kapel (1979) number for 1886 and the daybook number for that year.

We readily acknowledge that this procedure has at least two major drawbacks. First, as just mentioned, the conversion factor between the Poulsen time series and the Kapel time series is based on only one overlap year. Given the data available, we cannot improve upon this procedure at present. Second, again as just mentioned, we assumed that the Kapel time series was unbiased. This assumption rests on several things. Kapel is a true expert on the subject of Greenlandic hunting, with extensive first-hand experience both as a biologist-observer and as a historian (e.g. Kapel and Petersen, 1982; Kapel, 2005). In his 1979 paper, he notes that although the "yearly reports from the colonies in Greenland" that served as the basis for the catch record from 1886 to 1923 contained information on catches of large whales only for Frederikshab district, only "a few whales had previously been caught in other districts." Therefore, although we certainly cannot rule out that the Kapel time series is somewhat negatively biased, it is likely that the magnitude of that bias would be small.

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Canada Shore Fishery (Fishery 5)

Large quantities of oil were exported to the United Kingdom from Newfoundland between 1696 and 1734, apparently mostly from seals (Reeves et al., 1999). Although some whalebone (baleen) was also exported, suggesting that some of the oil was from baleen whales, we found no basis for determining if any of the products were from humpbacks. In the absence of any clear evidence of shore-based humpback whaling in what is now eastern Canada, we attributed no catch of humpback whales to this fishery.

American Shore Fishery (Fishery 7)

Reeves et al. (2002b) described humpback whaling in the Gulf of Maine, including that by this shore fishery as well as that by the American Mechanized Coastal fishery (see below). The information on this fishery is very sparse and consists only of the identification of several shore stations and their periods of operation as well as reports on long-term average landings at three of the stations. The annual catches at those stations reportedly ranged from 1 to 7 whales and apparently consisted mostly of humpbacks. We estimated landings for years when stations were known to have been operating by multiplying the number of stations by the average number of whales per year (3 whales), assuming a standard error based on a uniform distribution from 1 to 7. We interpolated values for some years.

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Bermuda Shore Fishery (Fishery 9)

This was the earliest North Atlantic humpback fishery, and it continued at a highly variable scale for more than 3 centuries. Besides characterizing the fishery and updating data presented by Mitchell and Reeves (1983), Reeves et al. (2006) identified a number of potentially useful primary sources of additional information. Our exploration of those sources (see Materials and Methods) provided new information on the fishery (Table 5), which generally confirmed the conclusions of Reeves et al. (2006). Especially useful information for the period 1839 to 1853 was obtained from the newspaper search.

Some additional data on whaling effort and catches is available from recent papers by Romero (2006, 2007). In 1723, "a typical year in terms of whaling," 5,792 gal of whale oil, worth 600 [pounds sterling], was exported to London, Liverpool, and Barbados (Romero, 2007). In 1734, 7 or 8 boats belonging to 2 whaling companies were actively whaling near the islands, and 11 whales were landed in 1735 and 8 in 1736 (Romero, 2007). Apparently no catch was made in 1744. Two companies were active in 1759, one of them deploying 3 boats. However, little reliable information is available on catches after 1736. According to Romero (2006), only 2 whales were taken in 31 days of whaling in 1767, only 1 in 23 days in 1768, and only 1 in 31 days of whaling in 1769 (this last being a "young bone whale," and thus possibly a right whale, yielding 29 bbl of oil).

We estimated landings from our previously published data combined with the new data from the Public Record Office and from Romero (2006, 2007) (Table 5). Oil landings were standardized using the conversion factors in Reeves et al. (2006). We estimated barrels per whale from the data for years when both quantity of oil produced and number of whales landed were both reported for this fishery.

Because the intensity of shore whaling appears to have varied substantially over time, with no obvious pattern of growth or decline, we interpolated landings within time periods during which whaling effort appeared to be more or less consistent. Such periods were defined on the basis of the history of the fishery as described by Reeves et al. (2006), with the goal of minimizing the bias from interpolation over times when conditions were changing. The periods were 1616-49, 1650-69, 1670-99, 1700-19, 1750-84, 1785-1819, 182054, and 1855 forward.

Some information on annual landings is available for all of those periods except the first. For each period, we interpolated values for years with no data based on the average landings for years with data and assigned standard errors as described in the Materials and Methods section. For the first period (1616-49), there is evidence that a number of whales were harpooned and lost, but there is no direct information on landings. We assumed, somewhat arbitrarily, that between 0 and 5 whales were taken annually, with a standard error equal to the standard deviation of a uniform distribution over that range. For the last period, from 1860 onward, whaling was small-scale and relatively well documented by newspaper and literature accounts, so we assumed that the few reports of landings after 1865 represented a complete record.

West Indies Shore Fishery (Fishery 10)

Six low-latitude islands or island groups in the West Indies are known to have initiated shore whaling operations, primarily in the last half of the 19th century. We estimated landings for each subfishery by combining previously published data with the new data obtained from materials in the Public Record Office (see Materials and Methods). Here we first describe the data and analysis methods used for each subfishery, and then summarize the results for the entire fishery.

Barbados (subfishery 10.1)

Barbados was the easternmost of the West Indies subfisheries. It was documented in Mitchell and Reeves (1983:Table 13) for the earlier years (1869-78) and in Reeves and Smith (2002:Table 2) for the later years (18791910). We standardized oil production reported in casks or in gallons to barrels using the approach described for the St. Vincent and Grenadines subfishery (see below). We used an estimate of barrels per whale based on landings data from Trinidad, which we judged to be more nearly complete (see below).

St. Vincent and the Grenadines (subfishery 10.2)

Situated at the northern end of the Grenadine Island group, this was the longest-lasting subfishery in the West Indies. Although it began later than some of the others, it continued, apparently without interruption, from the 1870's to the present day. Data on landings through 1920 were documented by Mitchell and Reeves (1983: Table 15).

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Catch in numbers of whales landed for more recent years were obtained from the Secretariat of the International Whaling Commission in June 2009. Landings for 1920 and earlier were reported as volume (gal) and value ([pounds sterling]) of oil, which we standardized to U.S. barrels using the ratio of the mean number of barrels per [pounds sterling] and the mean number of [pounds sterling] per gallon reported in the St. Vincent data. This conversion corresponds to 28.8 gallons per barrel (SE=4.29).

Similarly, if landings were reported in casks and [pounds sterling], we ignored the casks (because they were variable in volume; Ashley, 1926). In such cases, we converted the landings to U.S. barrels by multiplying the [pounds sterling] by 0.74 barrels per [pounds sterling] (SE 0.40). This was computed as the product of the mean [pounds sterling] per gallon and mean barrels per [pounds sterling]. When landings were reported in casks and the [pounds sterling] value was not reported, we estimated the barrels landed as the product of the number of casks and 2.90 barrels per cask (SE=0.28). This was computed as the product of the mean barrels per [pounds sterling] and the mean [pounds sterling] per cask.

We used an estimate of barrels per whale based on landings data from Trinidad, which we judged to be more nearly complete (see below).

Grenada (subfishery 10.3)

This subfishery, at the southernmost of the Grenadine Island group, had not been well documented previously. The report by Romero and Hayford (2000) summarized information on whaling at Grenada in the 1920's but provided no data for earlier years. In our search of trade records at the Public Record Office (see earlier), we found no reference to whales or whaling until 1859 (Table 6). In that year, a ship with 3 boats was reported to have produced 301 bbl of whale oil. The next year, a ship and 8 boats reportedly produced 370 bbl. Without more information, we assume that the ships were part of the American whaling fleet and therefore that their catches for those years would have been subsumed within estimates of landings for the West Indies subfishery of the American Nonmechanized Offshore fishery (see below). There is no further reference to ship whaling in the Grenada Blue Books.

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Beginning in 1861, there are regular references to boats and shore whaling stations at Grenada. During the 1860's, up to 3 stations are mentioned, 2 on Grenada and 1 on Carriacou, with anywhere from 9 to 20 boats all told. From 1871 to 1878, it appears that only 6 boats were active and only the 2 Grenada stations are listed. In most years, catch information consists only of quantities of whale oil produced and/or exported. Substantial amounts of whalebone (baleen) were also exported during the 1860's and 1870's, ranging as high as 10+ tons (>10,000 kg) in 1863. In the 3 years from 1876 to 1878, the number of whales secured is recorded: 8, 13, and 6, respectively.

The rote statement that "Whale fishing is ... carried on" appears in the Blue Books from 1881 to 1902, but explicit listings of boats and whaling stations end in 1878, and the reported quantities of whale oil are relatively trivial after that year (maximum 2,610 gal) and until 1925 when a short-lived subfishery of the Norwegian Mechanized Shore fishery began operating in Grenada (Mitchell and Reeves, 1983; Romero and Hayford, 2000). The landings from that subfishery are included in the Grenada subfishery of the Norwegian Mechanized Shore fishery (Fishery 1.10, above).

We estimated annual landings for subfishery 10.3 using the data in Table 6. We standardized the oil quantities to U.S. barrels using information from the St. Vincent and Grenadines subfishery. We used an estimate of barrels per whale based on landings data from Trinidad, which we judged to be more nearly complete (see below).

Trinidad (subfishery 10.4)

Shore whaling was conducted in Trinidad from the 1820's to the 1870's. Reeves et al. (2001a) summarized information on the value and quantity of oil landed, numbers of shore stations and boats, and, for some years, the number of humpback whales landed. We standardized oil landed to U.S. barrels using information from the St. Vincent subfishery, and estimated number of barrels per whale from this subfishery. For years when only the number of boats was known, we estimated landings by multiplying the number of boats by the mean of whales/boat calculated from the years when both number of boats active and number of whales landed were reported.

St. Lucia (subfishery 10.5)

Mitchell and Reeves (1983) referred to a whaling station at Pigeon Island near St. Lucia, and Reeves and Smith (2002) suggested that the St. Lucia Blue Books should be checked for data. In our search of trade records, the earliest reference to whales or whaling was in 1876 (Table 7), when it was reported that foreign vessels whaling in local waters were subject to a tax. Although modest quantities of whale oil were exported regularly between 1879 and 1888, this appears to have been the produce of ship-based foreign whalers. There is nothing in the Blue Books to suggest that shore whaling occurred at this island. Thus, we conclude that any shore whaling in St. Lucia must have been extremely limited and we assume that there was no catch.

Turks and Caicos (subfishery 10.6)

Reeves and Smith (2002) found no certain evidence of shore-based whaling in the Turks and Caicos, an island group located far to the north and west of the other Caribbean sites. Based on a single, vague reference to the closing of a shore station there in the 1880's, they had checked the Turks and Caicos Blue Books for 1870, 1875, 1880, 1882, 1884, 1886, and 1888, but found "no reference of any kind . to local whaling in the Turks and Caicos." Our study of Bermuda newspapers (above) provided confirmation that whaling did take place as well as a few details on the scale and duration of the Turks and Caicos subfishery.

In early 1846, it was reported, "The Turks' Island Whaling Company have commenced operations, and . they had within the period of one month taken four fine Whales" (The Royal Gazette, 24 March 1846). A whale had also been taken by a boat "indifferently fitted out" at Salt Cay (The Royal Gazette, 24 March 1846). By the third week of April 1846, 2 more whales had been taken by the Turks' Island Whaling Company (The Royal Gazette, 19 May 1846). The next year, 1 whale was taken before 23 February (The Royal Gazette, 9 March 1847) and apparently it remained the only one captured (a "young one") through the third week of April (The Bermuda Herald, 27 May 1847). The "leading Whaleman," Captain Morell, was injured during the capture of that whale (The Bermuda Herald, 27 May 1847). In 1848, the company's schooner, Ambassador, went to sea on 1 February (The Bermuda Herald, 10 March 1848) and had taken 2 whales by early March; it was under the management of a Bermudian recruited by Captain Morell to "lead in this . enterprise" (The Royal Gazette, 7 March 1848; The Bermuda Herald, 10 March 1848). In 1849, the newspapers contained news of political activities in the Turks Islands but no mention of whaling. It is nonetheless clear that some effort continued for at least a few more years: in 1851, as of mid April, 2 whales (expected to yield 60 bbl) had been taken and whaling effort was continuing (The Royal Gazette, 6 May 1851).

In summary, we can now confirm that humpback whaling occurred at the Turks and Caicos from 1846 until at least the early 1850's, with annual landings ranging between zero and 7 whales. We estimated total landings as 3.5 per year, with sampling uncertainty based on a uniform distribution from zero to 7, and we extrapolated that level forward to the mid 1850's.

Cape Verde Islands Shore Fishery (Fishery 12)

Reeves and Smith (2002) found little direct evidence of nonmechanized shore whaling at the Cape Verde Islands (CVI) although they cited the reports of Reiner et al. (1996) and Hazevoet and Wenzel (2000) indicating that some type of shore whaling had been practiced there between the late 18th century and the early 20th century. Reeves and Smith (2002) also acknowledged, but dismissed as "meager," the evidence of CVI shore whaling found by Reeves et al. (2002a) in a study of American ship-based whaling for humpback whales around the islands. That evidence consisted of references to one shore-based crew active at Sal in March 1854 and "quite a number" of shore-based boats active there in March 1866. Moreover, Reeves et al. (2002a) found evidence to suggest shore whaling at Boa Vista in March 1866 and April 1876, as well as at Tarrafal Bay in February 1886. The Cape Verde Islands Nonmechanized Shore fishery was among the few fisheries or subfisheries that Reeves and Smith (2002:232) considered in need of further study. The results of the studies on our behalf by Brito and Hazevoet (see Materials and Methods) had disappointing results.

Brito's search in Lisbon located some references to whale hunting in the CVI region in the late 17th century (Anonymous, 1985) as well as the mid 18th century (Coleccao de Leis (3)), but it is not until the second half of the 19th century that there are unequivocal references to shore-based whaling. Junior (1896) specifically mentioned whale hunting at two sites on Sao Nicolau (Tarrafal [Passapel's Harbour] and Carrical [Carrical's Cove]) and noted that two Azoreans had come there and stayed, "teaching the natives" whaling skills.

A published record of 1,500 gallons of whale oil being exported from Sao Nicolau to the Portugal mainland and other Portuguese colonies in 1874-75 (Anonymous, 1875) strengthens the likelihood that shore whaling was active there at the time. Friedlaender (1913, 1914), however, who visited the CVI in 1912, claimed that the whale fishery there had "lost all its relevance," that the stations at Tarrafal and Carrical would soon be gone, and that a station on Maio was well-equipped but no longer profitable (also see Vasconcellos, 1916). In his opinion (Friedlander, 1913:32), the decline was due to the fact that the whales "had been driven to extinction by the American whalers."

Statistical information on exports of small quantities of whale oil and blubber from the CVI during the first two decades of the 20th century is difficult to interpret because much or most of the oil appears to have been imported (possibly from American whaling vessels working in the area) and then reexported. There are, however, definite (albeit sporadic) references in the Cape Verdes customs and statistical records to shore whaling at Tarrafal between ca. 1912 and 1920, with about 12 men engaged (thus presumably two boat crews). The production in 1918 amounted to 2,000 l of oil and in 1919 no whales were taken.

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During Hazevoet's visit to Sal, where shore whaling certainly took place to some extent in the 19th century (e.g. Cardoso, 1896; Carreira, 1983; Reeves et al., 2002a), it proved impossible to obtain useful information. Hazevoet concluded that all archives and administrative records pertaining to the Sal tuna factory and its whaling-station predecessor had been lost, destroyed, or deliberately discarded upon the tuna factory's closure about 15 years previously.

On Sao Nicolau, Hazevoet met with Joaquim Pinheiro, director of the tuna factory (Sociedade Ultramarino de Conservas Lda.) in Tarrafal, which was built at the same site as the old whaling station there and even partly used the same premises. Pinheiro confirmed that the Empresa da Pesca da Balaeia do Carrical e do Tarrafal was established around 1870 (Hazevoet and Wenzel (2000) gave this as 1874). Later, the company was owned by Jose Gaspar da Conceicao and operated under that name, with 'Herdeiras' (Heirs) added after the first owner's death. Pinheiro advised Hazevoet that all of the company archives had been destroyed by a fire in the 1960's and therefore that no documentation remained. From his memory, Pinheiro said that during an average season (January-May) about 2 whales a month were caught at the Tarrafal station, but that operations ceased during the early 1920's due to the scarcity of whales. Hazevoet inferred that the whales hunted were primarily humpbacks, not sperms, as it was said that the whales often entered Tarrafal Bay and surroundings and were accompanied by calves.

Another of Hazevoet's informants at Sao Nicolau (Jose Cabral, a civil servant at the Camara Municipal of Tarrafal with a special interest in island history) told him that there had been 3 whaling stations on Sao Nicolau: one at Tarrafal, one at Baia de Barreiros (east of Carrical), and another at Graca (west of Carrical). He stated that he had visited and photographed the ruins of the latter 2 stations and also that he had photographed the last whale ever caught at Tarrafal. This was shortly after the Cape Verdes gained independence in 1975, and Hazevoet surmised that the whale could have been the humpback whale taken in 1977, as reported by the IWC. Cabral explained that the hunt on that occasion had been opportunistic and carried out by people who were unaware of, or unconcerned with, its illegality. He regarded it as an isolated event.

The additional archival investigations conducted for this study confirm the non-availability of quantitative data on catches by CVI shore whaling and clarify the possible number of islands involved. Following the approach used by Reeves and Smith (2010) for 19th century shore whaling in California, we projected levels of landings in the CVI fishery by using what we inferred to have been a similar fishery in the West Indies. Thus, we assumed that the scale, methods, and equipment at CVI shore whaling stations were the same as in the West Indies, and we used the pooled summary statistics (Table 3) for all of the West Indies subfisheries (except the St. Vincent and the Grenadines subfishery) as the basis for estimating annual landings. We omitted the St. Vincent subfishery because it differs from the others by virtue of its continuity to the present. The underlying assumption of our approach was not necessarily that the same number or density of whales was available to be caught in the Cape Verdes as in the West Indies, but rather that the nature, scale, and operations of the shore fisheries in the two regions were sufficiently similar to justify this crude type of extrapolation.

The earliest mention of shore whaling in the CVI refers to the island of Sal in 1854. The mean duration of the West Indies subfisheries was 46 years, so we assumed the CVI fishery was active from 1854 to 1900. Although some whaling took place in the early 20th century, we disregarded it on the assumption that it was inconsequential, as some of the information above suggests. Whaling stations were identified on 6 islands in the CVI, although the scale and duration of the whaling activity undoubtedly varied considerably among them. To account for this variability, we assumed that whaling occurred in a manner parallel to that in the West Indies, i.e. on an average (at any one time) of 3.5 islands (mean of 1 to 6), with a standard error based on the uniform distribution from 1 to 6. We assigned an average number of humpbacks landed per year by CVI stations based on the average of the landings per year by West Indies stations. To estimate annual landings for the CVI overall, we multiplied that average of landings by the number of islands assumed to have active whaling stations.

Madeira Shore Fishery (Fishery 13)

As noted by Reeves and Smith (2002), humpbacks were taken occasionally in this fishery. The 20th century data from the IWC indicate a total of 5 landed, all in the period 1957-61 (Table 3).

Summary of Nonmechanized Shore Whaling

Nonmechanized shore whaling accounted for nearly 30% of the estimated total North Atlantic landings of humpback whales (Fig. 4). Nonmechanized shore whaling began in the 17th century, and landings were variable until the 19th century. Whaling for humpbacks peaked in the 19th century, dropped to very low levels in the 20th century, and continue to the present day at only one site (subfishery 10.2). The earliest catches were in Bermuda and Greenland. Landings for 8 fisheries and subfisheries are shown in Figure 5, the first frame (5A) includes feeding ground or migratory route (e.g. Bermuda) fisheries and the CVI breeding ground fishery, and the second (5B) the West Indies breeding ground fisheries. Whaling for humpback whales on the feeding grounds declined to negligible levels in the early 20th century (Fig. 5B). On the breeding grounds, whaling began and peaked in the 19th century, and continued at low levels throughout the 20th century (Fig. 5A, B).

Nonmechanized Offshore Whaling

Nonmechanized offshore whaling for humpback whales was conducted by both Canadian and American whalers in the North Atlantic feeding grounds but only by Americans in the breeding grounds.

American Offshore Fishery (Fishery 11)

Reeves and Smith (2002) summarized the broad outlines of this fishery, drawing especially on Mitchell and Reeves (1983). They distinguished three North Atlantic sub-fisheries, two when vessels operated in the principal breeding grounds in the West Indies and the Cape Verde Islands and a third when vessels operated outside those breeding grounds. The two breeding ground subfisheries were active primarily in the latter half of the 19th century. They were geographically distinct, with few instances where a vessel hunted humpback whales in both North Atlantic breeding grounds during the same voyage (Smith and Reeves, 2003b). The third subfishery ("Other Areas") includes instances when the ship-based whalers attempted to take humpback whales in North American coastal waters and across the North Atlantic from 1750 to 1900.

West Indies and Cape Verde Islands (subfisheries 11.1 and 11.2)

The summary data on number of voyages (Lund et al., 2010) and the augmented sample of logbook data including that collected since 2003 showed the same general patterns as described by Smith and Reeves (2003b). One primary difference was, as expected, that the fishery began earlier than we previously thought and was active in the Cape Verde Islands in the period 1850 to 1865. The humpback landings from the sampled logbooks are listed by voyage in Appendix 3.

Other Areas (subfishery 11.3)

Reeves and Smith (2002) characterized this subfishery as being primarily opportunistic, i.e. humpbacks were taken during voyages focused on other species. They made no effort to estimate the magnitude of landings and concluded that the pursuit and killing of humpback whales by the 19th century ship-based whalers in areas outside the breeding grounds were "exceptional rather than common." However, in this study we reconsidered the value and feasibility of estimating the catches by the Other Areas subfishery.

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For the second half of the 18th century, we examined logbook data from 45 voyages between 1751 and 1790 (Mitchell and Reeves, 1983:182; Reeves and Mitchell, 1986:248-249). Notable in those data were the following: 1) in 1752 the sloop Seaflower of Nantucket sailed to Newfoundland "to kill Some Humps" and its logbook reported that Seaflower and six other vessels returned with "Something better than 100 barrels apiece of Humpback oyl"; 2) in 1765 the sloop Diamond of Nantucket reported while on the Grand Banks of Newfoundland that another vessel had taken a humpback whale; 3) the sloop Olive of Nantucket in 1764 and Diamond in 1765 made efforts to catch humpbacks on the Grand Banks; and 4) several sloops reportedly sighted but did not attempt to catch humpbacks--Greyhound of Nantucket in 1753 in Davis Strait, Reliance of Darmouth in 1768 in the Strait of Belle Isle, and Frances of Nantucket in 1758, Endeavor of Nantucket in 1761, Dolphin of Nantucket in 1763, and Olive of Nantucket in 1765 on the Grand Banks.

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Based on information in Starbuck (1878) and Dolin (2007) concerning hostile interactions of American whalers with French privateers and later British administrators in Newfoundland and Labrador, we assumed that voyages like Sea/lower's in 1752 would have become less frequent by the end of that decade. Therefore, we stratified the logbook sample of 45 voyages into two strata--one of 28 voyages from 1751 to 1759 and the other of 17 voyages from 1760 to 1790. Using an average of 25 bbl/whale to convert the oil returns reported by Seaflower in 1752, about 4 humpbacks were taken by each of the 7 sloops known to have gone that year to Newfoundland with the explicit intention of humpbacking. This results in an average of 1.0 whale per voyage (SE=0.33) for the 28 voyages in the 1751-59 stratum.

We combined the data from the second stratum (1760-90) with 19th century logbook data for all Atlantic whaling voyages that departed before the beginning of the breeding ground subfisheries (1850) or that departed after that year but did not participate in either of those two subfisheries. The average number of humpbacks landed by those 110 voyages was 0.072 (SE=0.031).

To estimate the total number of voyages departing per year for the latter half of the 18th century, we used the method of Reeves et al. (2007:64), which combined Lund et al.'s (2010) summary voyage list for the years 1776-91 with the results of an exponential model fitted to the number of voyages mentioned by Starbuck (1878) for the period 1751-75. These results were combined with the numbers of Atlantic-bound voyages departing in the 19th century.

Canada Offshore Fishery (Fishery 6)

This fishery involved schooners that operated throughout most of the 19th century, based primarily in the Gaspe region of southern Quebec (along the south shore of the Gulf of St. Lawrence). Humpbacks are thought to have been the main species targeted, especially after mid century, although this was certainly a multispecies fishery. Annual catches were estimated from data on the numbers of schooners active and the numbers of whales and amounts of oil landed (Mitchell and Reeves, 1983: Table 3).

For years with landings reported as whales, we assumed these were accurate. For years when the catch was reported as oil we converted oil to barrels and estimated barrels per whale from data for years in which both oil and whales were reported. When neither the whale number nor the oil amount was reported, we estimated the number of whales by multiplying the number of schooners active by the mean number of whales per schooner for years when both whales and schooners were reported. In this latter case, for years prior to 1865 when the number of schooners was not reported, we interpolated that number by assuming an exponential increase from the reported numbers from 1834 to 1859, assuming 1 schooner in 1804 (as reported by Mitchell and Reeves, 1983: Table 3). We interpolated the number of whales for the few years without schooner reports after 1865. Finally, we assumed that between one-half and three-quarters of the whales taken were humpback whales based on anecdotal reports (Mitchell and Reeves, 1983).

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Summary of Nonmechanized Offshore Whaling

Nonmechanized offshore whaling accounted for nearly 35% of the total North Atlantic humpback landings (Fig. 6). The 4 fisheries and subfisheries each accounted for 6 to 13% of the total landings (Fig. 7A, B). The annual landings of both the West Indies and CVI sub-fisheries peaked between 1865 and 1870, with the latter's dropping substantially after 1870. The annual landings by the Other Areas subfishery peaked between 1750 and 1760, collapsed with the U.S. War of Independence, and continued at very low levels throughout the 19th century. The annual landings of the Canada fishery peaked around 1860.

Total Estimated Removals

Estimates of total landings for the various fisheries and subfisheries are summarized in Table 3 (as described at the beginning of Results), with the percentage that each subtotal represents of the total humpback landings by all fisheries combined. Estimates of total removals are also summarized in Table 3 on the same basis as for landings. Removals were estimated by multiplying the landings by the appropriate loss rate factors.

Discussion and Conclusions

Over the past 3 centuries, North Atlantic humpback whales have been pursued in at least 27 fisheries and subfisheries (Table 3). The estimated total of whales landed was 21,476 (SE=214). The time series of aggregate landings (Fig. 1) shows the changing intensity of humpback whaling over the centuries, as well as the varying statistical uncertainty as indicated by the vertical bars. The estimate of total removals was 30,852 (SE=655), roughly 45% greater than total landings. The general pattern of removals over time was similar to that of landings (Fig. 1), although a greater proportion of the removals occurred in earlier years when the loss rates were higher. Whaling intensity increased gradually, from initially low levels in the 17th and early 18th centuries, primarily in Bermuda, to much higher levels from the mid 1800's to early 1900's. Levels declined rapidly after the early years of the 20th century. The individual fisheries and subfisheries operated over different periods and at highly varying scales (Fig. 2-7). Whaling for humpbacks continues in the North Atlantic only in St. Vincent and the Grenadines and in Greenland.

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Historical fisheries information is always subject to concerns about the completeness of reporting and the bias and precision of estimates. In this paper, we have identified previously used sources of information and sought additional data from archives to fill gaps in understanding of North Atlantic humpback whaling. To the extent possible, we have checked the reports on landings for completeness and adopted or, if necessary, developed methods to account for missing data in order to avoid underestimation.

Our new overall estimate of total removals is roughly 6% higher than that used previously by the IWC Scientific Committee. However, such an increase is not nearly enough to achieve the kind of reconciliation between a catch-based and a DNA-based approach to estimation of historical abundance envisioned by Palumbi and Roman (2006). Even after accounting for statistical uncertainty and the effects of potential biases, our reconstruction of removals by whaling fails to resolve the two outstanding issues: the poor fit of the population assessment models and the inconsistency between the catch history and the estimate of long-term average humpback whale abundance based on genetic variability. The three base-case models considered by Punt et al. (2006: Table 7) resulted in estimates of pre-whaling abundance of between 22,100 and 25,800 whales for the West Indies and the Cape Verde Island populations combined. Their sensitivity tests included alternative catch series with total cumulative removals ranging from 11% to 135% higher than those used in the IWC modeling (IWC, 2002, 2003). While some of the sensitivity tests improved the fit of the models, none of them resulted in pre-whaling abundance estimates even remotely approaching the genetics-based estimate of average longterm abundance of 240,000 by Roman and Palumbi (2003). The size, statistical precision, and sensitivity to possible biases of our new removal estimate are well within the ranges considered by Punt et al. (2006).

Acknowledgments

We are grateful for the support of the Lenfest Foundation through a grant obtained by Steven Palumbi that allowed us to extend our earlier studies of whaling in the North Atlantic. In addition, we appreciate the assistance of Cherry Allison of the International Whaling Commission with the 20th century data, Judith Lund and Elizabeth Josephson with American whaling, Bo Poulsen with the Greenland shore whaling daybooks, and Cristina Brito and Kees Hazevoet with the records related to the Cape Verde Islands shore fishery.

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--. 1914. Subsi'dios para o conheci mento das Ilhas de Cabo Verde: Resultados de uma viagem de estudo no verao de 1912. Tipografia da Cooperativa Militar, Lisboa.

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--. 2003. Annex H. Report of the Subcommittee on the Comprehensive Assessment of Humpback Whales. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 5 (Suppl.):293-323.

Junior, J. C. 1896. Pescadores e pescarias no Archipelago de Cabo Verde. Annaes Sci. Naturais Vol. III, Porto, 93-96.

Kapel, F. O. 1979. Exploitation of large whales in West Greenland in the twentieth century. Rep. Int. Whal. Comm. 29:197-214.

--. 2005. Otto Fabricius and the seals of Greenland. Medd. Gr0nland Biosci. 55:1150.

--and R. Petersen. 1982. Subsistence hunting--the Greenland case. Rep. Int. Whal. Comm. (Special Issue) 4:51-73.

Lund, J. N., E. A. Josephson, R. R. Reeves, and T. D. Smith. 2010. American offshore whaling voyages 1667 to 1927. Old Dartmouth Hist. Soc. and New Bedford Whal. Mus., New Bedford, Mass. Vol. I: Voyages by vessel, 670 p.; vol. II: Voyages by master, 349 p.

Maury, M. F. 1851. Maury's Sailing Directions. 3rd ed. Wash., D.C. p. 204.

Mitchell, E., and R. R. Reeves. 1983. Catch history, abundance, and present status of Northwest Atlantic humpback whales. Rep. Int. Whal. Comm., Spec. Iss. 5:153-212.

Palumbi, S., and J. Roman. 2006. The history of whales read from DNA. In J. A. Estes, D. P. DeMaster, D. F. Doak, T. M. Williams, and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (Editors), Whales, whaling, and ocean ecosystems, p. 102-115. Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley.

Punt, A. E., N. Friday, and T. D. Smith. 2006. Reconciling data on the trends and abundance of North Atlantic humpback whales within a population modeling framework. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 8:145-160.

Reeves, R. R., J. M. Breiwick, and E. D. Mitchell. 1999. History of whaling and estimated kill of right whales, Balaena glacialis, in the northeastern United States, 1620-1924. Mar. Fish. Rev. 61(3):1-36.

--, P. J. Clapham, and S. E. Wetmore. 2002a. Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) occurrence near the Cape Verde Islands, based on American 19th century whaling records. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 4:235-253.

--, J. A. Khan, R. R. Olsen, S. L. Swartz, and T. D. Smith. 2001a. History of whaling in Trinidad and Tobago. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 3:45-54.

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--, M. G. McKenzie, and T. D. Smith. 2006. History of Bermuda shore whaling, mainly for humpback whales. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 8:33-43.

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--and T. D. Smith. 2002. Historical catches of humpback whales in the North Atlantic Ocean: An overview of sources. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 4:219-234.

--and--. 2006. A taxonomy of world whaling: Operations and eras. In J. A. Estes, D. P. DeMaster, D. F. Doak, T. M. Williams, and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (Editors), Whales, whaling, and ocean ecosystems, p. 82-101. Univ. Calif. Press, Berkeley.

--and--. 2010. Commercial whaling, especially for gray whales, Eschrichtius robustus, and humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, at California and Baja California shore stations in the 19th century (1854-1899). Mar. Fish. Rev. 72(1):1-25.

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--, --, --, P.J. Clapham, and G. Woolmer. 2004. Historical observations of humpback and blue whales in the North Atlantic Ocean: clues to migratory routes and possibly additional feeding grounds. Mar. Mammal Sci. 20:774786.

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--, S. L. Swartz, S. E. Wetmore, and P. J. Clapham. 2001b. Historical occurrence and distribution of humpback whales in the eastern and southern Caribbean Sea, based on data from American whaling logbooks. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 3:117-129.

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Romero, A. 2006. 'More private gain than public good': whale and ambergris exploitation in 17th-century Bermuda. Bermuda J. Archaeol. Maritime Hist. 17:5-27.

--. 2007. Between war and poverty: Whaling in 18th-century Bermuda. Bermuda J. Archaeol. Maritime Hist. 18:7-32.

-- and K. Hayford. 2000. Past and present utilisation of marine mammals in Grenada, West Indies. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 2:223-226.

Smith, T. D., and D. G. Pike. 2009. The enigmatic whale: The North Atlantic humpback. In C. Lockyer and D. G. Pike (Editors), North Atlantic Sighting Surveys: counting whales in the North Atlantic 1987-2001, p. 161-178. N. Atl. Mar. Mammal Comm. Sci. Publ. 7.

-- and R. R. Reeves. 2002. Estimating historical humpback whale removals from the North Atlantic. J. Cetacean Res. Manage. 4 (Suppl.):242-255.

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-- and --. 2003b. Estimating American 19th century catches of humpback whales in the West Indies and Cape Verde Islands. Carib. J. Sci. 39:286-297.

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Tim D. Smith is with the World Whaling History Project, 1562 Purple Way, Redding, CA 96003. Randall R. Reeves is with Okapi Wildlife Associates, 27 Chandler Lane, Hudson, Quebec J0P 1H0, Canada (e-mail for correspondence: World-WhalingHistory@gmail.com).

(1) Allison, C., International Whaling Commission, The Red House, 135 Station Road, Impington, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, U.K. CB24 9NP

(2) Poulsen, B. 2010. Report covering the construction of dataset on Greenland humpback whaling from 1774-1886 based on 'Daybooks of the Royal Greenland Trade'. Contributions to World Whaling History, No. 7. Available from the History of Marine Animal Populations at www.hmapcoml.org/publications/documents/ Poulsen2010.pdf.

(3) Coleccao de Leis. 1768. Cartas e documentos reais. (Christina Brito personal communication; not seen by the authors).
Appendix 1.--For 50 voyages by vessels in the American Non-
mechanized Offshore fishery (Fishery 11) where reporting in the
logbook was judged complete, the vessel name, voyage
identification number (VID; Lund et al., 2010), number of
humpback whales reported as landed (i.e. "tried out") or struck
and lost, in 4 categories: killed, escaped carrying gear, escaped
after the harpoon drew, and escaped in unknown condition.

                                Landed       Known      Escaped
                                (tried      killed     carrying
Vessel Name            VID       out)      but lost      gear

Adeline Gibbs            59       38           2           2
Admiral Blake            64        2           0           0
Alcyone                  77        2           0           0
Ann Maria                 1        0           0           0
Annawan                   6        1           0           0
Arthur Clifford        1267        7           1           1
Arthur Clifford        1268        9           2           3
Arthur Clifford        1270       10           2           2
Asia                     28        9           2           0
Barclay                  43        3           1           1
Bark Midas              125        2           0           0
Bark Roscoe              26       16           5           7
Benjamin Franklin        46        3           0           1
By Chance                51        1           0           1
Charleston Packet        60        1           2           0
Cicero                   62        0           0           0
Cicero                   63        4           0           2
David A. Small         3627       12           5           1
E. Nickerson           3941       17           8           7
Edward Quesnal           69        4           2           2
Elizabeth                71        0           0           0
Europa                   81        5           2           2
Exchange                 82        1           1           0
Fortune                  85        0           0           0
Franklin               5240        9           4           0
George Washington        90        0           3           0
Golden City            5851        3           0           1
Halcyon                  94        0           0           1
Homer                    99        1           0           1
Imogene                 104        3           0           0
Industry                106        1           0           1
Josephine               113        2           0           0
Kathleen                116        4           0           1
Milwood                 126        0           1           0
Nellie F. Putnam      10347        8           1           2
Nellie F. Putnam      10348        6           2           1
Noble                     7        1           1           0
Oliver Crocker           11        5           0           0
Osceola                  13        2           0           0
Pearl Nelson             18        2           0           0
Petrel                   20        3           1           2
Ploughboy                21        1           1           0
Quickstep             12015        4           2           0
Quito                    22        1           0           0
Rodman                   24        0           0           1
Solon                 13224        1           1           1
Union                 14283        7           3           1
Washington               39        2           0           0
Willam and Eliza         40        1           1           1
William Lee           15671       12           5           1

                      Escaped
                       after       Escaped
                      harpoon    In unknown
Vessel Name            drew       condition

Adeline Gibbs            6            3
Admiral Blake            0            1
Alcyone                  0            0
Ann Maria                1            1
Annawan                  0            1
Arthur Clifford          1            2
Arthur Clifford          0            2
Arthur Clifford          1            2
Asia                     0            1
Barclay                  1            2
Bark Midas               0            0
Bark Roscoe              3            2
Benjamin Franklin        1            0
By Chance                0            0
Charleston Packet        0            1
Cicero                   1            0
Cicero                   0            0
David A. Small           0            2
E. Nickerson             8            6
Edward Quesnal           0            1
Elizabeth                1            0
Europa                   4            1
Exchange                 0            0
Fortune                  0            1
Franklin                 0            3
George Washington        0            0
Golden City              0            1
Halcyon                  0            0
Homer                    1            1
Imogene                  0            0
Industry                 0            0
Josephine                0            2
Kathleen                 0            1
Milwood                  0            0
Nellie F. Putnam         1            3
Nellie F. Putnam         0            1
Noble                    0            0
Oliver Crocker           0            0
Osceola                  0            0
Pearl Nelson             0            0
Petrel                   3            6
Ploughboy                0            0
Quickstep                1            2
Quito                    0            0
Rodman                   1            1
Solon                    1            2
Union                    1            1
Washington               0            0
Willam and Eliza         1            2
William Lee              1            9

Appendix 2.--Estimated number of humpback whales landed (with
estimated standard error), by year, for all fisheries (Total) and
for each fishery or sub-fishery (identified by number
corresponding to Table 3). Annual totals for all fisheries
combined are shown in Figure 1, and the annual totals for
individual fisheries and sub-fisheries are shown in Figures 2
through 7.

Year      Total    Total.se      1.1     1.1se       1.2     1.2se

1616         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1617         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1618         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1619         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1620         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1621         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1622         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1623         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1624         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1625         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1626         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1627         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1628         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1629         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1630         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1631         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1632         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1633         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1634         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1635         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1636         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1637         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1638         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1639         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1640         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1641         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1642         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1643         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1644         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1645         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1646         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1647         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1648         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1649         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1650         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1651         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1652         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1653         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1654         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1655         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1656         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1657         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1658         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1659         2        1.4         0         0         0         0
1660        16        8.1         0         0         0         0
1661        16        8.1         0         0         0         0
1662        16        8.1         0         0         0         0
1663        16        8.1         0         0         0         0
1664         5          0         0         0         0         0
1665        24        0.6         0         0         0         0
1666        20        1.3         0         0         0         0
1667        24        2.2         0         0         0         0
1668        13        0.7         0         0         0         0
1669         8        0.6         0         0         0         0
1670        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1671        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1672        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1673        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1674        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1675        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1676        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1677        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1678        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1679        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1680        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1681        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1682        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1683        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1684        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1685        14          0         0         0         0         0
1686        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1687        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1688        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1689        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1690        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1691                    0         0         0         0         0
1692        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1693        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1694        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1695        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1696        11        4.2         0         0         0         0

Year         6        6se         7       7se         8       8se

1616         0          0         0         0         0         0
1617         0          0         0         0         0         0
1618         0          0         0         0         0         0
1619         0          0         0         0         0         0
1620         0          0         0         0         0         0
1621         0          0         0         0         0         0
1622         0          0         0         0         0         0
1623         0          0         0         0         0         0
1624         0          0         0         0         0         0
1625         0          0         0         0         0         0
1626         0          0         0         0         0         0
1627         0          0         0         0         0         0
1628         0          0         0         0         0         0
1629         0          0         0         0         0         0
1630         0          0         0         0         0         0
1631         0          0         0         0         0         0
1632         0          0         0         0         0         0
1633         0          0         0         0         0         0
1634         0          0         0         0         0         0
1635         0          0         0         0         0         0
1636         0          0         0         0         0         0
1637         0          0         0         0         0         0
1638         0          0         0         0         0         0
1639         0          0         0         0         0         0
1640         0          0         0         0         0         0
1641         0          0         0         0         0         0
1642         0          0         0         0         0         0
1643         0          0         0         0         0         0
1644         0          0         0         0         0         0
1645         0          0         0         0         0         0
1646         0          0         0         0         0         0
1647         0          0         0         0         0         0
1648         0          0         0         0         0         0
1649         0          0         0         0         0         0
1650         0          0         0         0         0         0
1651         0          0         0         0         0         0
1652         0          0         0         0         0         0
1653         0          0         0         0         0         0
1654         0          0         0         0         0         0
1655         0          0         0         0         0         0
1656         0          0         0         0         0         0
1657         0          0         0         0         0         0
1658         0          0         0         0         0         0
1659         0          0         0         0         0         0
1660         0          0         0         0         0         0
1661         0          0         0         0         0         0
1662         0          0         0         0         0         0
1663         0          0         0         0         0         0
1664         0          0         0         0         0         0
1665         0          0         0         0         0         0
1666         0          0         0         0         0         0
1667         0          0         0         0         0         0
1668         0          0         0         0         0         0
1669         0          0         0         0         0         0
1670         0          0         0         0         0         0
1671         0          0         0         0         0         0
1672         0          0         0         0         0         0
1673         0          0         0         0         0         0
1674         0          0         0         0         0         0
1675         0          0         0         0         0         0
1676         0          0         0         0         0         0
1677         0          0         0         0         0         0
1678         0          0         0         0         0         0
1679         0          0         0         0         0         0
1680         0          0         0         0         0         0
1681         0          0         0         0         0         0
1682         0          0         0         0         0         0
1683         0          0         0         0         0         0
1684         0          0         0         0         0         0
1685         0          0         0         0         0         0
1686         0          0         0         0         0         0
1687         0          0         0         0         0         0
1688         0          0         0         0         0         0
1689         0          0         0         0         0         0
1690         0          0         0         0         0         0
1691         0          0         0         0         0         0
1692         0          0         0         0         0         0
1693         0          0         0         0         0         0
1694         0          0         0         0         0         0
1695         0          0         0         0         0         0
1696         0          0         0         0         0         0

Year      Total    Total.se      1.1     1.1se       1.2     1.2se

1697        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1698        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1699        11        4.2         0         0         0         0
1700         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1701         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1702         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1703         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1704         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1705         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1706         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1707         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1708         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1709         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1710         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1711         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1712         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1713         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1714         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1715         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1716         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1717         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1718         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1719         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1720         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1721         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1722         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1723         9        0.7         0         0         0         0
1724         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1725         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1726         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1727         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1728         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1729         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1730         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1731         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1732         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1733         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1734         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1735        11          0         0         0         0         0
1736         8          0         0         0         0         0
1737         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1738         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1739         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1740         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1741         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1742         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1743         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1744         0          0         0         0         0         0
1745         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1746         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1747         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1748         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1749         7        4.4         0         0         0         0
1750         5        3.2         0         0         0         0
1751        61       19.6         0         0         0         0
1752        65       20.9         0         0         0         0
1753        69       22.2         0         0         0         0
1754        73       23.7         0         0         0         0
1755        77       25.2         0         0         0         0
1756        82       26.8         0         0         0         0
1757        87       28.6         0         0         0         0
1758        93       30.5         0         0         0         0
1759        99       32.5         0         0         0         0
1760        12        4.5         0         0         0         0
1761        13        4.7         0         0         0         0
1762        13        4.8         0         0         0         0
1763        14          5         0         0         0         0
1764        14        5.2         0         0         0         0
1765        15        5.4         0         0         0         0
1766        16        5.7         0         0         0         0
1767        17        5.9         0         0         0         0
1768        17        6.2         0         0         0         0
1769        18        6.6         0         0         0         0
1770        19        6.9         0         0         0         0
1771        20        7.3         0         0         0         0
1772        21        7.7         0         0         0         0
1773        22        8.1         0         0         0         0
1774        23        8.6         0         0         0         0
1775        24        9.1         0         0         0         0
1776         6        3.3         0         0         0         0
1777         5        3.2         0         0         0         0

Year         6        6se         7       7se         8       8se

1697         0          0         0         0         0         0
1698         0          0         0         0         0         0
1699         0          0         0         0         0         0
1700         0          0         0         0         0         0
1701         0          0         0         0         0         0
1702         0          0         0         0         0         0
1703         0          0         0         0         0         0
1704         0          0         0         0         0         0
1705         0          0         0         0         0         0
1706         0          0         0         0         0         0
1707         0          0         0         0         0         0
1708         0          0         0         0         0         0
1709         0          0         0         0         0         0
1710         0          0         0         0         0         0
1711         0          0         0         0         0         0
1712         0          0         0         0         0         0
1713         0          0         0         0         0         0
1714         0          0         0         0         0         0
1715         0          0         0         0         0         0
1716         0          0         0         0         0         0
1717         0          0         0         0         0         0
1718         0          0         0         0         0         0
1719         0          0         0         0         0         0
1720         0          0         0         0         0         0
1721         0          0         0         0         0         0
1722         0          0         0         0         0         0
1723         0          0         0         0         0         0
1724         0          0         0         0         0         0
1725         0          0         0         0         0         0
1726         0          0         0         0         0         0
1727         0          0         0         0         0         0
1728         0          0         0         0         0         0
1729         0          0         0         0         0         0
1730         0          0         0         0         0         0
1731         0          0         0         0         0         0
1732         0          0         0         0         0         0
1733         0          0         0         0         0         0
1734         0          0         0         0         0         0
1735         0          0         0         0         0         0
1736         0          0         0         0         0         0
1737         0          0         0         0         0         0
1738         0          0         0         0         0         0
1739         0          0         0         0         0         0
1740         0          0         0         0         0         0
1741         0          0         0         0         0         0
1742         0          0         0         0         0         0
1743         0          0         0         0         0         0
1744         0          0         0         0         0         0
1745         0          0         0         0         0         0
1746         0          0         0         0         0         0
1747         0          0         0         0         0         0
1748         0          0         0         0         0         0
1749         0          0         0         0         0         0
1750         0          0         0         0         0         0
1751         0          0         0         0         0         0
1752         0          0         0         0         0         0
1753         0          0         0         0         0         0
1754         0          0         0         0         0         0
1755         0          0         0         0         0         0
1756         0          0         0         0         0         0
1757         0          0         0         0         0         0
1758         0          0         0         0         0         0
1759         0          0         0         0         0         0
1760         0          0         0         0         0         0
1761         0          0         0         0         0         0
1762         0          0         0         0         0         0
1763         0          0         0         0         0         0
1764         0          0         0         0         0         0
1765         0          0         0         0         0         0
1766         0          0         0         0         0         0
1767         0          0         0         0         0         0
1768         0          0         0         0         0         0
1769         0          0         0         0         0         0
1770         0          0         0         0         0         0
1771         0          0         0         0         0         0
1772         0          0         0         0         0         0
1773         0          0         0         0         0         0
1774         0          0         0         0         0         0
1775         0          0         0         0         0         0
1776         0          0         0         0         0         0
1777         0          0         0         0         0         0

Year      Total    Total.se      1.1     1.1se       1.2     1.2se

1778         5        3.2         0         0         0         0
1779         5        3.2         0         0         0         0
1780         5        3.2         0         0         0         0
1781         5        3.2         0         0         0         0
1782         5        3.2         0         0         0         0
1783         5        3.2         0         0         0         0
1784         7        3.4         0         0         0         0
1785        12        3.5         0         0         0         0
1786        13        4.8         0         0         0         0
1787        11        4.7         0         0         0         0
1788        13        4.9         0         0         0         0
1789        15        5.2         0         0         0         0
1790        13        4.9         0         0         0         0
1791        12        4.8         0         0         0         0
1792        20        3.7         0         0         0         0
1793        15        5.1         0         0         0         0
1794        14        4.9         0         0         0         0
1795        15        3.5         0         0         0         0
1796        14        3.4         0         0         0         0
1797        14        3.3         0         0         0         0
1798        11        4.7         0         0         0         0
1799        11        4.7         0         0         0         0
1800        12        4.8         0         0         0         0
1801        11        3.6         0         0         0         0
1802        10        3.8         0         0         0         0
1803        11        3.7         0         0         0         0
1804        20        4.6         0         0         0         0
1805        24        4.9         0         0         0         0
1806        44        6.9         0         0         0         0
1807        23        4.8         0         0         0         0
1808        21        4.7         0         0         0         0
1809        23        4.7         0         0         0         0
1810        29        5.6         0         0         0         0
1811        26        5.5         0         0         0         0
1812        26        4.3         0         0         0         0
1813        26        5.5         0         0         0         0
1814        29        5.6         0         0         0         0
1815        28        5.7         0         0         0         0
1816        34        5.9         0         0         0         0
1817        21        4.4         0         0         0         0
1818        27        5.6         0         0         0         0
1819        31        6.1         0         0         0         0
1820        43        7.4         0         0         0         0
1821        37        7.7         0         0         0         0
1822        36        7.1         0         0         0         0
1823        23          7         0         0         0         0
1824        26        6.4         0         0         0         0
1825        21        6.8         0         0         0         0
1826        34        6.2         0         0         0         0
1827        41        8.7         0         0         0         0
1828        35        7.1         0         0         0         0
1829        49          6         0         0         0         0
1830        56        8.1         0         0         0         0
1831        53        7.8         0         0         0         0
1832        62        5.8         0         0         0         0
1833        44        6.5         0         0         0         0
1834        54       12.1         0         0         0         0
1835        77        8.9         0         0         0         0
1836        60        9.8         0         0         0         0
1837        48        9.2         0         0         0         0
1838        79        6.9         0         0         0         0
1839        65        7.1         0         0         0         0
1840        90        8.8         0         0         0         0
1841       109        9.3         0         0         0         0
1842        69        6.8         0         0         0         0
1843        67        7.5         0         0         0         0
1844        97        8.6         0         0         0         0
1845        84        7.4         0         0         0         0
1846        72        6.6         0         0         0         0
1847        53        7.2         0         0         0         0
1848        80        6.5         0         0         0         0
1849        77        8.3         0         0         0         0
1850       183       18.1         0         0         0         0
1851       182       21.8         0         0         0         0
1852       207       23.7         0         0         0         0
1853       204       21.6         0         0         0         0
1854       206       25.2         0         0         0         0
1855       254       30.1         0         0         0         0
1856       286       33.4         0         0         0         0
1857       283       34.9         0         0         0         0
1858       278       33.1         0         0         0         0

Year         6        6se         7       7se         8       8se

1778         0          0         0         0         0         0
1779         0          0         0         0         0         0
1780         0          0         0         0         0         0
1781         0          0         0         0         0         0
1782         0          0         0         0         0         0
1783         0          0         0         0         0         0
1784         0          0         0         0         0         0
1785         0          0         0         0         0         0
1786         0          0         0         0         0         0
1787         0          0         0         0         0         0
1788         0          0         0         0         0         0
1789         0          0         0         0         0         0
1790         0          0         0         0         0         0
1791         0          0         0         0         0         0
1792         0          0         0         0         0         0
1793         0          0         0         0         0         0
1794         0          0         0         0         0         0
1795         0          0         0         0         0         0
1796         0          0         0         0         0         0
1797         0          0         0         0         0         0
1798         0          0         0         0         0         0
1799         0          0         0         0         0         0
1800         0          0         0         0         0         0
1801         0          0         0         0         0         0
1802         0          0         0         0         0         0
1803         0          0         0         0         0         0
1804         9        2.8         0         0         0         0
1805         9        2.7         4       1.7         0         0
1806         9        2.7         4       1.7         0         0
1807         9        2.6         4       1.7         0         0
1808         9        2.6         4       1.7         0         0
1809         9        2.5         4       1.7         0         0
1810         9        2.5         8       3.5         0         0
1811         9        2.5         8       3.5         0         0
1812         9        2.4         8       3.5         0         0
1813         9        2.4         8       3.5         0         0
1814         9        2.4         8       3.5         0         0
1815         9        2.3         8       3.5         0         0
1816         9        2.3         8       3.5         0         0
1817         9        2.2         8       3.5         0         0
1818         9        2.2         8       3.5         0         0
1819        13        3.3         8       3.5         0         0
1820        13        3.2         8       3.5         0         0
1821        13        3.2         8       3.5         0         0
1822        13        3.1         7       3.5         0         0
1823         0          0         8       3.5         0         0
1824         0          0         8       3.5         0         0
1825         0          0         8       3.5         0         0
1826         0          0         8       3.5         0         0
1827        13        2.9         8       3.5         0         0
1828        13        2.9         8       3.5         0         0
1829        13        2.9         8       3.5         0         0
1830        18        3.8         8       3.5         0         0
1831        18        3.8         4       1.7         0         0
1832        17          2         4       1.7         0         0
1833        18        3.7         4       1.7         0         0
1834        18        3.7         7       3.5         0         0
1835        18        3.6         8       3.5         0         0
1836        18        3.6        12       5.2         0         0
1837        18        3.6         8       3.5         0         0
1838        22        4.5         8       3.5         0         0
1839        22        4.5         8       3.5         0         0
1840        22        4.5        16       6.9         0         0
1841        22        4.5         8       3.5         0         0
1842        22        4.5         8       3.5         0         0
1843        22        4.5         8       3.5         0         0
1844        26        5.4        12       5.2         0         0
1845        26        5.4         8       3.5         0         0
1846        26        5.4         7       3.5         0         0
1847        26        5.4         8       3.5         0         0
1848        26        5.4         7       3.5         0         0
1849        31        6.4         8       3.5         0         0
1850        31        6.4         7       3.5         0         0
1851        31        6.5         8       3.5         0         0
1852        31        6.5         8       3.5         0         0
1853        31        6.6         7       3.5         0         0
1854        35        7.6         7       3.5         0         0
1855        35        7.7         7       3.5         0         0
1856        35        5.3         8       3.5         0         0
1857        35        5.3         7       3.5         0         0
1858        50        5.7         7       3.5         0         0

Year      Total    Total.se      1.1     1.1se       1.2     1.2se

1859       264       29.6         0         0         0         0
1860       209       23.9         0         0         0         0
1861       257       27.7         0         0         0         0
1862       245       28.6         0         0         0         0
1863       232       31.6         0         0         0         0
1864       207       25.3         0         0         0         0
1865       327       43.9         0         0         0         0
1866       323       43.7         0         0         0         0
1867       400       50.9         0         0         0         0
1868       314       41.2         0         0         0         0
1869       242       31.1         0         0         0         0
1870       200       28.4         0         0         0         0
1871       187       24.2         0         0         0         0
1872       189       27.8         0         0         0         0
1873       146       21.8         0         0         0         0
1874       194       25.4         4       0.1         0         0
1875       164       21.4         3       0.1         0         0
1876       205       28.2         0         0         0         0
1877       167       22.5         0         0         0         0
1878       200       24.3         5       0.1         0         0
1879       165       23.4         0         0         0         0
1880       176       25.1         0         0         0         0
1881       143       20.2         9         0         0         0
1882       137       19.4         4       0.1         0         0
1883       224       21.3        63       0.2         0         0
1884       239       20.3        54       0.2         0         0
1885       283       21.9        97         0         0         0
1886       242       17.8       102       0.1         0         0
1887       165         18        40       0.1         0         0
1888       147       16.2        83       0.2         0         0
1889       123       17.3        26       0.4         0         0
1890       110       17.2        24         0         0         0
1891       143       17.4        62       0.3         0         0
1892       159       17.2        75       0.7         0         0
1893       172       17.3        61       0.8         0         0
1894       236       17.5       115       0.6         0         0
1895       249       17.3       125       0.3         0         0
1896       334       17.3       202         0         0         0
1897       239       17.7        56         0         0         0
1898       276       17.3        55         0         0         0
1899       267       17.9        60       0.2         0         0
1900       320       19.2        68         0         0         0
1901       542       11.4       118         0         0         0
1902       792       15.1       155         0         0         0
1903       812          5        57         0         0         0
1904       779        1.5        39         0         0         0
1905       368        1.2         0         0         0         0
1906       219        1.3         0         0         0         0
1907       179        3.1         0         0         0         0
1908        98        1.5         0         0         0         0
1909       109          1         0         0         0         0
1910       153        1.1         0         0         0         0
1911        54        1.1         0         0         0         0
1912        39        1.2         0         0         0         0
1913        24        0.9         0         0         0         0
1914        22        0.9         0         0         0         0
1915        14        0.9         0         0         0         0
1916        15        1.1         0         0         0         0
1917         7        0.9         0         0         0         0
1918        14        1.2         1         0         0         0
1919        21        1.2         3         0         0         0
1920        11        0.3         0         0         0         0
1921         1          0         0         0         0         0
1922       141          0         0         0         0         0
1923       158        0.2         0         0         0         0
1924        66        0.1         0         0         0         0
1925       152          0         0         0         0         0
1926       108          0         0         0         2         0
1927        89          0         0         0         0         0
1928        35          0         0         0         2         0
1929        26          0         0         0         0         0
1930        72          0         0         0         1         0
1931        43          0         0         0         0         0
1932        15          0         0         0         1         0
1933         9          0         0         0         1         0
1934        20        2.4         0         0         0         0
1935        18          0         0         0         0         0
1936        15          0         0         0         0         0
1937        25          0         0         0         0         0
1938         3          0         0         0         0         0
1939         9          0         0         0         1         0

Year         6        6se         7       7se         8       8se

1859        44        6.6         8       3.5         0         0
1860        37          8         7       3.5         0         0
1861        33        3.8         4       1.7         0         0
1862        25        2.9         4       1.7         0         0
1863        14        1.6         7       3.5         0         0
1864        24        2.8         7       3.5         0         0
1865        14        1.6         4       1.7         0         0
1866        12        1.4         8       3.5         0         0
1867        25        2.9         7       3.5         0         0
1868        19          5         7       3.5         0         0
1869        22        3.3         4       1.7         0         0
1870        21        2.4         7       3.5         0         0
1871        16        1.8         7       3.5         0         0
1872         8        0.9         7       3.5         0         0
1873        11        1.3         4       1.7         0         0
1874        12        1.4         7       3.5         0         0
1875        17        1.2         4       1.7         0         0
1876        12        0.9         4       1.7         0         0
1877         9        0.7         4       1.7         0         0
1878         6        0.4         8       3.5         0         0
1879         8        0.6         8       3.5         0         0
1880         6        0.5         8       3.5         0         0
1881         6        0.4         4       1.7         0         0
1882         4        0.3         4       1.7         0         0
1883         2        0.2         4       1.7         3       0.6
1884         2        0.2         4       1.7        27       5.9
1885         4        0.3         8       3.5        38       7.2
1886         4        0.9         0         0        27       5.9
1887         4        0.3         0         0        38       7.4
1888         4        0.3         0         0         7       1.5
1889         0          0         0         0        20         6
1890         0          0         0         0        20         6
1891         0          0         0         0        20         6
1892         0          0         0         0        20         6
1893         0          0         0         0        20         6
1894         0          0         0         0        20         6
1895         0          0         0         0        20         6
1896         0          0         0         0        17       4.2
1897         0          0         0         0         0         0
1898         0          0         0         0         0         0
1899         0          0         0         0         0         0
1900         0          0         0         0         0         0
1901         0          0         0         0         0         0
1902         0          0         0         0         0         0
1903         0          0         0         0         0         0
1904         0          0         0         0         0         0
1905         0          0         0         0         0         0
1906         0          0         0         0         0         0
1907         0          0         0         0         0         0
1908         0          0         0         0         0         0
1909         0          0         0         0         0         0
1910         0          0         0         0         0         0
1911         0          0         0         0         0         0
1912         0          0         0         0         0         0
1913         0          0         0         0         0         0
1914         0          0         0         0         0         0
1915         0          0         0         0         0         0
1916         0          0         0         0         0         0
1917         0          0         0         0         0         0
1918         0          0         0         0         0         0
1919         0          0         0         0         0         0
1920         0          0         0         0         0         0
1921         0          0         0         0         0         0
1922         0          0         0         0         0         0
1923         0          0         0         0         0         0
1924         0          0         0         0         0         0
1925         0          0         0         0         0         0
1926         0          0         0         0         0         0
1927         0          0         0         0         0         0
1928         0          0         0         0         0         0
1929         0          0         0         0         0         0
1930         0          0         0         0         0         0
1931         0          0         0         0         0         0
1932         0          0         0         0         0         0
1933         0          0         0         0         0         0
1934         0          0         0         0         0         0
1935         0          0         0         0         0         0
1936         0          0         0         0         0         0
1937         0          0         0         0         0         0
1938         0          0         0         0         0         0
1939         0          0         0         0         0         0

Year      Total    Total.se      1.1     1.1se       1.2     1.2se

1940         8          0         0         0         0         0
1941         3          0         0         0         0         0
1942         3          0         0         0         1         0
1943         8          0         0         0         2         0
1944        10          0         0         0         0         0
1945         9          0         0         0         0         0
1946        11          0         0         0         1         0
1947        11          0         0         0         0         0
1948        16          0         0         0         0         0
1949        17          0         1         0         0         0
1950        28          0         7         0         1         0
1951        40          0         5         0         0         0
1952         3          0         2         0         0         0
1953         8          0         4         0         0         0
1954         7          0         6         0         0         0
1955         1          0         1         0         0         0
1956         3          0         0         0         0         0
1957         2          0         0         0         0         0
1958         4          0         0         0         0         0
1959         0          0         0         0         0         0
1960         1          0         0         0         0         0
1961         5          0         0         0         0         0
1962         2          0         0         0         0         0
1963         0          0         0         0         0         0
1964         1          0         0         0         0         0
1965         2          0         0         0         0         0
1966         4          0         0         0         0         0
1967         4          0         0         0         0         0
1968         5          0         0         0         0         0
1969        10          0         0         0         0         0
1970        15          0         0         0         0         0
1971        24          0         0         0         0         0
1972         3          0         0         0         0         0
1973        11          0         0         0         0         0
1974        12          0         0         0         0         0
1975         9          0         0         0         0         0
1976        12          0         0         0         0         0
1977        17          0         0         0         0         0
1978        24          0         0         0         0         0
1979        19          0         0         0         0         0
1980        18          0         0         0         0         0
1981        12          0         0         0         0         0
1982        16          0         0         0         0         0
1983        16          0         0         0         0         0
1984        15          0         0         0         0         0
1985         8          0         0         0         0         0
1986         2          0         0         0         0         0
1987         2          0         0         0         0         0
1988         2          0         0         0         0         0
1989         2          0         0         0         0         0
1990         1          0         0         0         0         0
1991         1          0         0         0         0         0
1992         3          0         0         0         0         0
1993         2          0         0         0         0         0
1994         1          0         0         0         0         0
1995         0          0         0         0         0         0
1996         1          0         0         0         0         0
1997         0          0         0         0         0         0
1998         2          0         0         0         0         0
1999         2          0         0         0         0         0
2000         2          0         0         0         0         0
2001         6          0         0         0         0         0
2002         2          0         0         0         0         0
2003         2          0         0         0         0         0
2004         1          0         0         0         0         0
2005         1          0         0         0         0         0
2006         2          0         0         0         0         0
2007         1          0         0         0         0         0
2008         2          0         0         0         0         0
2009         0          0         0         0         0         0
Total    21461        214      1792         1        13         0

Year         6        6se         7       7se         8       8se

1940         0          0         0         0         0         0
1941         0          0         0         0         0         0
1942         0          0         0         0         0         0
1943         0          0         0         0         0         0
1944         0          0         0         0         0         0
1945         0          0         0         0         0         0
1946         0          0         0         0         0         0
1947         0          0         0         0         0         0
1948         0          0         0         0         0         0
1949         0          0         0         0         0         0
1950         0          0         0         0         0         0
1951         0          0         0         0         0         0
1952         0          0         0         0         0         0
1953         0          0         0         0         0         0
1954         0          0         0         0         0         0
1955         0          0         0         0         0         0
1956         0          0         0         0         0         0
1957         0          0         0         0         0         0
1958         0          0         0         0         0         0
1959         0          0         0         0         0         0
1960         0          0         0         0         0         0
1961         0          0         0         0         0         0
1962         0          0         0         0         0         0
1963         0          0         0         0         0         0
1964         0          0         0         0         0         0
1965         0          0         0         0         0         0
1966         0          0         0         0         0         0
1967         0          0         0         0         0         0
1968         0          0         0         0         0         0
1969         0          0         0         0         0         0
1970         0          0         0         0         0         0
1971         0          0         0         0         0         0
1972         0          0         0         0         0         0
1973         0          0         0         0         0         0
1974         0          0         0         0         0         0
1975         0          0         0         0         0         0
1976         0          0         0         0         0         0
1977         0          0         0         0         0         0
1978         0          0         0         0         0         0
1979         0          0         0         0         0         0
1980         0          0         0         0         0         0
1981         0          0         0         0         0         0
1982         0          0         0         0         0         0
1983         0          0         0         0         0         0
1984         0          0         0         0         0         0
1985         0          0         0         0         0         0
1986         0          0         0         0         0         0
1987         0          0         0         0         0         0
1988         0          0         0         0         0         0
1989         0          0         0         0         0         0
1990         0          0         0         0         0         0
1991         0          0         0         0         0         0
1992         0          0         0         0         0         0
1993         0          0         0         0         0         0
1994         0          0         0         0         0         0
1995         0          0         0         0         0         0
1996         0          0         0         0         0         0
1997         0          0         0         0         0         0
1998         0          0         0         0         0         0
1999         0          0         0         0         0         0
2000         0          0         0         0         0         0
2001         0          0         0         0         0         0
2002         0          0         0         0         0         0
2003         0          0         0         0         0         0
2004         0          0         0         0         0         0
2005         0          0         0         0         0         0
2006         0          0         0         0         0         0
2007         0          0         0         0         0         0
2008         0          0         0         0         0         0
2009         0          0         0         0         0         0
Total     1401         34       565        29       297        21

Year       1.3     1.3se       1.4     1.4se       1.5     1.5se

1616         0         0         0         0         0         0
1617         0         0         0         0         0         0
1618         0         0         0         0         0         0
1619         0         0         0         0         0         0
1620         0         0         0         0         0         0
1621         0         0         0         0         0         0
1622         0         0         0         0         0         0
1623         0         0         0         0         0         0
1624         0         0         0         0         0         0
1625         0         0         0         0         0         0
1626         0         0         0         0         0         0
1627         0         0         0         0         0         0
1628         0         0         0         0         0         0
1629         0         0         0         0         0         0
1630         0         0         0         0         0         0
1631         0         0         0         0         0         0
1632         0         0         0         0         0         0
1633         0         0         0         0         0         0
1634         0         0         0         0         0         0
1635         0         0         0         0         0         0
1636         0         0         0         0         0         0
1637         0         0         0         0         0         0
1638         0         0         0         0         0         0
1639         0         0         0         0         0         0
1640         0         0         0         0         0         0
1641         0         0         0         0         0         0
1642         0         0         0         0         0         0
1643         0         0         0         0         0         0
1644         0         0         0         0         0         0
1645         0         0         0         0         0         0
1646         0         0         0         0         0         0
1647         0         0         0         0         0         0
1648         0         0         0         0         0         0
1649         0         0         0         0         0         0
1650         0         0         0         0         0         0
1651         0         0         0         0         0         0
1652         0         0         0         0         0         0
1653         0         0         0         0         0         0
1654         0         0         0         0         0         0
1655         0         0         0         0         0         0
1656         0         0         0         0         0         0
1657         0         0         0         0         0         0
1658         0         0         0         0         0         0
1659         0         0         0         0         0         0
1660         0         0         0         0         0         0
1661         0         0         0         0         0         0
1662         0         0         0         0         0         0
1663         0         0         0         0         0         0
1664         0         0         0         0         0         0
1665         0         0         0         0         0         0
1666         0         0         0         0         0         0
1667         0         0         0         0         0         0
1668         0         0         0         0         0         0
1669         0         0         0         0         0         0
1670         0         0         0         0         0         0
1671         0         0         0         0         0         0
1672         0         0         0         0         0         0
1673         0         0         0         0         0         0
1674         0         0         0         0         0         0
1675         0         0         0         0         0         0
1676         0         0         0         0         0         0
1677         0         0         0         0         0         0
1678         0         0         0         0         0         0
1679         0         0         0         0         0         0
1680         0         0         0         0         0         0
1681         0         0         0         0         0         0
1682         0         0         0         0         0         0
1683         0         0         0         0         0         0
1684         0         0         0         0         0         0
1685         0         0         0         0         0         0
1686         0         0         0         0         0         0
1687         0         0         0         0         0         0
1688         0         0         0         0         0         0
1689         0         0         0         0         0         0
1690         0         0         0         0         0         0
1691         0         0         0         0         0         0
1692         0         0         0         0         0         0
1693         0         0         0         0         0         0
1694         0         0         0         0         0         0
1695         0         0         0         0         0         0
1696         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year         9       9se      10.1    10.1se      10.2    10.2se

1616         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1617         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1618         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1619         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1620         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1621         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1622         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1623         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1624         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1625         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1626         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1627         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1628         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1629         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1630         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1631         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1632         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1633         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1634         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1635         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1636         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1637         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1638         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1639         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1640         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1641         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1642         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1643         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1644         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1645         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1646         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1647         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1648         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1649         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1650         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1651         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1652         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1653         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1654         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1655         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1656         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1657         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1658         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1659         2       1.4         0         0         0         0
1660        16       8.1         0         0         0         0
1661        16       8.1         0         0         0         0
1662        16       8.1         0         0         0         0
1663        16       8.1         0         0         0         0
1664         5         0         0         0         0         0
1665        24       0.6         0         0         0         0
1666        20       1.3         0         0         0         0
1667        24       2.2         0         0         0         0
1668        13       0.7         0         0         0         0
1669         8       0.6         0         0         0         0
1670        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1671        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1672        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1673        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1674        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1675        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1676        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1677        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1678        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1679        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1680        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1681        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1682        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1683        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1684        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1685        14         0         0         0         0         0
1686        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1687        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1688        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1689        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1690        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1691                   0         0         0         0         0
1692        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1693        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1694        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1695        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1696        11       4.2         0         0         0         0

Year        1.3     1.3se       1.4     1.4se       1.5     1.5se

1697         0         0         0         0         0         0
1698         0         0         0         0         0         0
1699         0         0         0         0         0         0
1700         0         0         0         0         0         0
1701         0         0         0         0         0         0
1702         0         0         0         0         0         0
1703         0         0         0         0         0         0
1704         0         0         0         0         0         0
1705         0         0         0         0         0         0
1706         0         0         0         0         0         0
1707         0         0         0         0         0         0
1708         0         0         0         0         0         0
1709         0         0         0         0         0         0
1710         0         0         0         0         0         0
1711         0         0         0         0         0         0
1712         0         0         0         0         0         0
1713         0         0         0         0         0         0
1714         0         0         0         0         0         0
1715         0         0         0         0         0         0
1716         0         0         0         0         0         0
1717         0         0         0         0         0         0
1718         0         0         0         0         0         0
1719         0         0         0         0         0         0
1720         0         0         0         0         0         0
1721         0         0         0         0         0         0
1722         0         0         0         0         0         0
1723         0         0         0         0         0         0
1724         0         0         0         0         0         0
1725         0         0         0         0         0         0
1726         0         0         0         0         0         0
1727         0         0         0         0         0         0
1728         0         0         0         0         0         0
1729         0         0         0         0         0         0
1730         0         0         0         0         0         0
1731         0         0         0         0         0         0
1732         0         0         0         0         0         0
1733         0         0         0         0         0         0
1734         0         0         0         0         0         0
1735         0         0         0         0         0         0
1736         0         0         0         0         0         0
1737         0         0         0         0         0         0
1738         0         0         0         0         0         0
1739         0         0         0         0         0         0
1740         0         0         0         0         0         0
1741         0         0         0         0         0         0
1742         0         0         0         0         0         0
1743         0         0         0         0         0         0
1744         0         0         0         0         0         0
1745         0         0         0         0         0         0
1746         0         0         0         0         0         0
1747         0         0         0         0         0         0
1748         0         0         0         0         0         0
1749         0         0         0         0         0         0
1750         0         0         0         0         0         0
1751         0         0         0         0         0         0
1752         0         0         0         0         0         0
1753         0         0         0         0         0         0
1754         0         0         0         0         0         0
1755         0         0         0         0         0         0
1756         0         0         0         0         0         0
1757         0         0         0         0         0         0
1758         0         0         0         0         0         0
1759         0         0         0         0         0         0
1760         0         0         0         0         0         0
1761         0         0         0         0         0         0
1762         0         0         0         0         0         0
1763         0         0         0         0         0         0
1764         0         0         0         0         0         0
1765         0         0         0         0         0         0
1766         0         0         0         0         0         0
1767         0         0         0         0         0         0
1768         0         0         0         0         0         0
1769         0         0         0         0         0         0
1770         0         0         0         0         0         0
1771         0         0         0         0         0         0
1772         0         0         0         0         0         0
1773         0         0         0         0         0         0
1774         0         0         0         0         0         0
1775         0         0         0         0         0         0
1776         0         0         0         0         0         0
1777         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year         9       9se      10.1    10.1se      10.2    10.2se

1697        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1698        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1699        11       4.2         0         0         0         0
1700         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1701         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1702         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1703         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1704         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1705         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1706         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1707         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1708         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1709         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1710         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1711         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1712         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1713         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1714         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1715         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1716         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1717         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1718         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1719         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1720         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1721         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1722         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1723         9       0.7         0         0         0         0
1724         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1725         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1726         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1727         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1728         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1729         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1730         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1731         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1732         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1733         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1734         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1735        11         0         0         0         0         0
1736         8         0         0         0         0         0
1737         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1738         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1739         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1740         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1741         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1742         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1743         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1744         0         0         0         0         0         0
1745         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1746         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1747         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1748         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1749         7       4.4         0         0         0         0
1750         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1751         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1752         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1753         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1754         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1755         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1756         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1757         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1758         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1759         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1760         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1761         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1762         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1763         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1764         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1765         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1766         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1767         2         0         0         0         0         0
1768         1         0         0         0         0         0
1769         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1770         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1771         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1772         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1773         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1774         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1775         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1776         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1777         2       0.7         0         0         0         0

Year       1.3     1.3se       1.4     1.4se       1.5     1.5se

1778         0         0         0         0         0         0
1779         0         0         0         0         0         0
1780         0         0         0         0         0         0
1781         0         0         0         0         0         0
1782         0         0         0         0         0         0
1783         0         0         0         0         0         0
1784         0         0         0         0         0         0
1785         0         0         0         0         0         0
1786         0         0         0         0         0         0
1787         0         0         0         0         0         0
1788         0         0         0         0         0         0
1789         0         0         0         0         0         0
1790         0         0         0         0         0         0
1791         0         0         0         0         0         0
1792         0         0         0         0         0         0
1793         0         0         0         0         0         0
1794         0         0         0         0         0         0
1795         0         0         0         0         0         0
1796         0         0         0         0         0         0
1797         0         0         0         0         0         0
1798         0         0         0         0         0         0
1799         0         0         0         0         0         0
1800         0         0         0         0         0         0
1801         0         0         0         0         0         0
1802         0         0         0         0         0         0
1803         0         0         0         0         0         0
1804         0         0         0         0         0         0
1805         0         0         0         0         0         0
1806         0         0         0         0         0         0
1807         0         0         0         0         0         0
1808         0         0         0         0         0         0
1809         0         0         0         0         0         0
1810         0         0         0         0         0         0
1811         0         0         0         0         0         0
1812         0         0         0         0         0         0
1813         0         0         0         0         0         0
1814         0         0         0         0         0         0
1815         0         0         0         0         0         0
1816         0         0         0         0         0         0
1817         0         0         0         0         0         0
1818         0         0         0         0         0         0
1819         0         0         0         0         0         0
1820         0         0         0         0         0         0
1821         0         0         0         0         0         0
1822         0         0         0         0         0         0
1823         0         0         0         0         0         0
1824         0         0         0         0         0         0
1825         0         0         0         0         0         0
1826         0         0         0         0         0         0
1827         0         0         0         0         0         0
1828         0         0         0         0         0         0
1829         0         0         0         0         0         0
1830         0         0         0         0         0         0
1831         0         0         0         0         0         0
1832         0         0         0         0         0         0
1833         0         0         0         0         0         0
1834         0         0         0         0         0         0
1835         0         0         0         0         0         0
1836         0         0         0         0         0         0
1837         0         0         0         0         0         0
1838         0         0         0         0         0         0
1839         0         0         0         0         0         0
1840         0         0         0         0         0         0
1841         0         0         0         0         0         0
1842         0         0         0         0         0         0
1843         0         0         0         0         0         0
1844         0         0         0         0         0         0
1845         0         0         0         0         0         0
1846         0         0         0         0         0         0
1847         0         0         0         0         0         0
1848         0         0         0         0         0         0
1849         0         0         0         0         0         0
1850         0         0         0         0         0         0
1851         0         0         0         0         0         0
1852         0         0         0         0         0         0
1853         0         0         0         0         0         0
1854         0         0         0         0         0         0
1855         0         0         0         0         0         0
1856         0         0         0         0         0         0
1857         0         0         0         0         0         0
1858         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year         9       9se       10.1    10.1se       10.2   10.2se

1778         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1779         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1780         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1781         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1782         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1783         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1784         2       0.7         0         0         0         0
1785         5         0         0         0         0         0
1786         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1787         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1788         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1789         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1790         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1791         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1792        12         0         0         0         0         0
1793         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1794         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1795         8       0.6         0         0         0         0
1796         8       0.6         0         0         0         0
1797         8       0.6         0         0         0         0
1798         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1799         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1800         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1801         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1802         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1803         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1804         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1805         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1806         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1807         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1808         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1809         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1810         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1811         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1812         5         0         0         0         0         0
1813         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1814         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1815         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1816         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1817         1         0         0         0         0         0
1818         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1819         7       3.5         0         0         0         0
1820         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1821         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1822         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1823         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1824         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1825         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1826         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1827         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1828         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1829        17         0         0         0         0         0
1830         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1831         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1832         6         0         0         0         0         0
1833         1         0         0         0         0         0
1834         1         0         0         0         0         0
1835         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1836         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1837         7       4.9         0         0         0         0
1838         2         0         0         0         0         0
1839         3         0         0         0         0         0
1840        13         0         0         0         0         0
1841        13         0         0         0         0         0
1842         4         0         0         0         0         0
1843         5         0         0         0         0         0
1844        17         0         0         0         0         0
1845        18         0         0         0         0         0
1846         6         0         0         0         0         0
1847         7         0         0         0         0         0
1848         7         0         0         0         0         0
1849         4         0         0         0         0         0
1850         8         0         0         0         0         0
1851        10         0         0         0         0         0
1852         1         0         0         0         0         0
1853         8         0         0         0         0         0
1854         1         0         0         0         0         0
1855         0         0         0         0         0         0
1856         0         0         0         0         0         0
1857         0         0         0         0         0         0
1858         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year        1.3     1.3se       1.4     1.4se       1.5     1.5se

1859         0         0         0         0         0         0
1860         0         0         0         0         0         0
1861         0         0         0         0         0         0
1862         0         0         0         0         0         0
1863         0         0         0         0         0         0
1864         0         0         0         0         0         0
1865         0         0         0         0         0         0
1866         0         0         0         0         0         0
1867         0         0         0         0         0         0
1868         0         0         0         0         0         0
1869         0         0         0         0         0         0
1870         0         0         0         0         0         0
1871         0         0         0         0         0         0
1872         0         0         0         0         0         0
1873         0         0         0         0         0         0
1874         0         0         0         0         0         0
1875         0         0         0         0         0         0
1876         0         0         0         0         0         0
1877         0         0         0         0         0         0
1878         0         0         0         0         0         0
1879         0         0         0         0         0         0
1880         0         0         0         0         0         0
1881         0         0         0         0         0         0
1882         0         0         0         0         0         0
1883         0         0         0         0         0         0
1884         0         0         0         0         0         0
1885         0         0         2       0.1         0         0
1886         0         0         2       0.1         0         0
1887         0         0         3       0.2         0         0
1888         0         0         5       0.3         0         0
1889         0         0         5       0.2         0         0
1890         0         0         4       0.2         0         0
1891         0         0         4       0.2         0         0
1892         0         0        10       0.3         0         0
1893         0         0        14       0.4         0         0
1894         0         0        19       0.6        17       3.1
1895         0         0        24       0.6        10       1.8
1896         0         0        28       1.4        25       4.5
1897         0         0        37       1.7        31       5.6
1898         0         0       121       0.6        47         6
1899         0         0        72       1.2        58       7.5
1900         0         0        69       0.8        78      10.1
1901         0         0       218       1.9        94      10.6
1902         0         0       333       2.9       121      14.3
1903         8         0       404       2.6        73       0.4
1904        15         0       340       0.9        67         0
1905         9         0       157       0.6        19       0.2
1906         8       0.5       110         0        13       0.3
1907         3       0.4        55         0         9       0.5
1908         2       0.3        40       0.1         3         0
1909         1       0.1        45       0.3         5       0.1
1910         5       0.3        54       0.6        14         0
1911         0         0         7       0.6         6         0
1912         0       0.3         4       0.7         4         0
1913         0         0         5         0         0         0
1914         0         0         0         0         1         0
1915         0         0         0         0         0         0
1916         0         0         0         0         0         0
1917         0         0         0         0         0         0
1918         0         0         0         0         0         0
1919         0         0         0         0         0         0
1920         1         0         0         0         3         0
1921         0         0         0         0         1         0
1922         0         0         0         0         1         0
1923         0         0         0         0         2         0
1924         0         0         0         0         1         0
1925         0         0         0         0         5         0
1926         2         0         0         0         3         0
1927         0         0         0         0         1         0
1928         0         0         0         0         3         0
1929         0         0         0         0         1         0
1930         0         0         0         0         3         0
1931         0         0         0         0         0         0
1932         0         0         0         0         0         0
1933         0         0         0         0         0         0
1934         0         0         0         0         0         0
1935         0         0         0         0         2         0
1936         0         0         0         0         0         0
1937         0         0         1         0         4         0
1938         0         0         0         0         2         0
1939         0         0         1         0         1         0

Year         9       9se       10.1    10.1se      10.2    10.2se

1859         0         0         0         0         0         0
1860         0         0         0         0         0         0
1861         0         0         0         0         0         0
1862         0         0         0         0         0         0
1863         0         0         0         0         0         0
1864         0         0         0         0         0         0
1865         0         0         0         0         0         0
1866         1         0         0         0         0         0
1867         0         0         0         0         0         0
1868         0         0         4       0.3         0         0
1869         0         0         3       0.2         0         0
1870         0         0         1       0.1         0         0
1871         1         0        24       1.6         0         0
1872         0         0        15         1         0         0
1873         0         0        14         1         0         0
1874         0         0        19       1.3         0         0
1875         0         0        18       1.2         0         0
1876         0         0        16       1.1         0         0
1877         0         0        18       1.2         0         0
1878         0         0        12       0.8        22       1.5
1879         0         0         0         0        14       0.9
1880         0         0         5       0.3        17       1.2
1881         0         0         2       0.1        15         1
1882         0         0         1       0.1        29         2
1883         0         0         1       0.2        41       2.8
1884         0         0         1       0.2        61       4.2
1885         0         0         1       0.2        30         2
1886         0         0         3       0.2        67       4.6
1887         0         0         1       0.1        43       2.9
1888         0         0         1       0.2        12       0.9
1889         0         0         7       0.4        32       2.2
1890         0         0         9       0.6        22       1.5
1891         0         0         3       0.2        21       1.5
1892         0         0         7       0.5        13       0.9
1893         0         0        13       0.9        25       1.7
1894         1         0         7       0.4        18       1.2
1895         0         0         7       0.5        21       1.4
1896         0         0         8       0.5        20       1.4
1897         0         0        11       0.7        66       4.5
1898         0         0         7       0.5         3       0.2
1899         0         0         9       0.6        23       1.6
1900         0         0        16       1.1        28       1.9
1901         0         0        12       0.9        53       3.6
1902         0         0        15         1        36       2.5
1903         0         0        11       0.7        39       2.6
1904         0         0         0         0        13       0.9
1905         0         0         2       0.1         8       0.5
1906         0         0         9       0.6         8       0.6
1907         0         0         3       0.2        12       0.9
1908         0         0         3       0.2        17       1.2
1909         0         0         1         0         7       0.5
1910         0         0         1       0.1         4       0.3
1911         0         0         0         0         6       0.4
1912         0         0         0         0         4       0.3
1913         0         0         0         0         4       0.3
1914         0         0         0         0         2       0.1
1915         0         0         0         0         6       0.4
1916         0         0         0         0         9       0.6
1917         0         0         0         0         4       0.3
1918         0         0         0         0         4       0.3
1919         0         0         0         0        12       0.8
1920         0         0         0         0         3       0.2
1921         0         0         0         0         0         0
1922         0         0         0         0         0         0
1923         0         0         0         0         0         0
1924         0         0         0         0         0         0
1925         0         0         0         0         0         0
1926         0         0         0         0         0         0
1927         0         0         0         0         0         0
1928         0         0         0         0         0         0
1929         0         0         0         0         0         0
1930         0         0         0         0         0         0
1931         0         0         0         0         0         0
1932         0         0         0         0         0         0
1933         0         0         0         0         0         0
1934         0         0         0         0         0         0
1935         0         0         0         0         0         0
1936         0         0         0         0         0         0
1937         0         0         0         0         0         0
1938         0         0         0         0         0         0
1939         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year        1.3     1.3se       1.4     1.4se       1.5     1.5se

1940         0         0         0         0         0         0
1941         0         0         0         0         0         0
1942         0         0         0         0         0         0
1943         0         0         0         0         0         0
1944         0         0         0         0         0         0
1945         0         0         0         0         0         0
1946         0         0         0         0         1         0
1947         0         0         0         0         0         0
1948         0         0         0         0         0         0
1949         0         0         2         0         1         0
1950         0         0         0         0         1         0
1951         0         0         1         0         0         0
1952         0         0         0         0         0         0
1953         0         0         2         0         1         0
1954         0         0         1         0         0         0
1955         0         0         0         0         0         0
1956         0         0         0         0         3         0
1957         0         0         0         0         1         0
1958         0         0         0         0         0         0
1959         0         0         0         0         0         0
1960         0         0         0         0         0         0
1961         0         0         0         0         0         0
1962         0         0         0         0         0         0
1963         0         0         0         0         0         0
1964         0         0         0         0         1         0
1965         0         0         0         0         0         0
1966         0         0         0         0         0         0
1967         0         0         0         0         0         0
1968         0         0         0         0         0         0
1969         0         0         0         0         0         0
1970         0         0         0         0         0         0
1971         0         0         0         0         0         0
1972         0         0         0         0         0         0
1973         0         0         0         0         0         0
1974         0         0         0         0         0         0
1975         0         0         0         0         0         0
1976         0         0         0         0         0         0
1977         0         0         0         0         0         0
1978         0         0         0         0         0         0
1979         0         0         0         0         0         0
1980         0         0         0         0         0         0
1981         0         0         0         0         0         0
1982         0         0         0         0         0         0
1983         0         0         0         0         0         0
1984         0         0         0         0         0         0
1985         0         0         0         0         0         0
1986         0         0         0         0         0         0
1987         0         0         0         0         0         0
1988         0         0         0         0         0         0
1989         0         0         0         0         0         0
1990         0         0         0         0         0         0
1991         0         0         0         0         0         0
1992         0         0         0         0         0         0
1993         0         0         0         0         0         0
1994         0         0         0         0         0         0
1995         0         0         0         0         0         0
1996         0         0         0         0         0         0
1997         0         0         0         0         0         0
1998         0         0         0         0         0         0
1999         0         0         0         0         0         0
2000         0         0         0         0         0         0
2001         0         0         0         0         0         0
2002         0         0         0         0         0         0
2003         0         0         0         0         0         0
2004         0         0         0         0         0         0
2005         0         0         0         0         0         0
2006         0         0         0         0         0         0
2007         0         0         0         0         0         0
2008         0         0         0         0         0         0
2009         0         0         0         0         0         0
Total       54         1      2199         5       737        24

Year         9       9se       10.1    10.1se       10.2   10.2se

1940         1         0         0         0         0         0
1941         0         0         0         0         0         0
1942         1         0         0         0         0         0
1943         0         0         0         0         0         0
1944         0         0         0         0         0         0
1945         0         0         0         0         0         0
1946         0         0         0         0         0         0
1947         0         0         0         0         0         0
1948         0         0         0         0         0         0
1949         0         0         0         0         0         0
1950         0         0         0         0         0         0
1951         0         0         0         0         0         0
1952         0         0         0         0         0         0
1953         0         0         0         0         0         0
1954         0         0         0         0         0         0
1955         0         0         0         0         0         0
1956         0         0         0         0         0         0
1957         0         0         0         0         0         0
1958         0         0         0         0         0         0
1959         0         0         0         0         0         0
1960         0         0         0         0         0         0
1961         0         0         0         0         0         0
1962         0         0         0         0         0         0
1963         0         0         0         0         0         0
1964         0         0         0         0         0         0
1965         0         0         0         0         0         0
1966         0         0         0         0         0         0
1967         0         0         0         0         0         0
1968         0         0         0         0         0         0
1969         0         0         0         0         0         0
1970         0         0         0         0         0         0
1971         0         0         0         0         0         0
1972         0         0         0         0         0         0
1973         0         0         0         0         0         0
1974         0         0         0         0         2         0
1975         0         0         0         0         0         0
1976         0         0         0         0         2         0
1977         0         0         0         0         0         0
1978         0         0         0         0         1         0
1979         0         0         0         0         5         0
1980         0         0         0         0         3         0
1981         0         0         0         0         0         0
1982         0         0         0         0         4         0
1983         0         0         0         0         1         0
1984         0         0         0         0         0         0
1985         0         0         0         0         0         0
1986         0         0         0         0         2         0
1987         0         0         0         0         2         0
1988         0         0         0         0         1         0
1989         0         0         0         0         0         0
1990         0         0         0         0         0         0
1991         0         0         0         0         0         0
1992         0         0         0         0         2         0
1993         0         0         0         0         2         0
1994         0         0         0         0         0         0
1995         0         0         0         0         0         0
1996         0         0         0         0         1         0
1997         0         0         0         0         0         0
1998         0         0         0         0         2         0
1999         0         0         0         0         2         0
2000         0         0         0         0         2         0
2001         0         0         0         0         2         0
2002         0         0         0         0         2         0
2003         0         0         0         0         1         0
2004         0         0         0         0         0         0
2005         0         0         0         0         1         0
2006         0         0         0         0         1         0
2007         0         0         0         0         1         0
2008         0         0         0         0         2         0
2009         0         0         0         0         0         0
Total     1493        49       321         4       938        12

Year        1.6     1.6se       1.7     1.7se       1.9     1.9se

1616         0         0         0         0         0         0
1617         0         0         0         0         0         0
1618         0         0         0         0         0         0
1619         0         0         0         0         0         0
1620         0         0         0         0         0         0
1621         0         0         0         0         0         0
1622         0         0         0         0         0         0
1623         0         0         0         0         0         0
1624         0         0         0         0         0         0
1625         0         0         0         0         0         0
1626         0         0         0         0         0         0
1627         0         0         0         0         0         0
1628         0         0         0         0         0         0
1629         0         0         0         0         0         0
1630         0         0         0         0         0         0
1631         0         0         0         0         0         0
1632         0         0         0         0         0         0
1633         0         0         0         0         0         0
1634         0         0         0         0         0         0
1635         0         0         0         0         0         0
1636         0         0         0         0         0         0
1637         0         0         0         0         0         0
1638         0         0         0         0         0         0
1639         0         0         0         0         0         0
1640         0         0         0         0         0         0
1641         0         0         0         0         0         0
1642         0         0         0         0         0         0
1643         0         0         0         0         0         0
1644         0         0         0         0         0         0
1645         0         0         0         0         0         0
1646         0         0         0         0         0         0
1647         0         0         0         0         0         0
1648         0         0         0         0         0         0
1649         0         0         0         0         0         0
1650         0         0         0         0         0         0
1651         0         0         0         0         0         0
1652         0         0         0         0         0         0
1653         0         0         0         0         0         0
1654         0         0         0         0         0         0
1655         0         0         0         0         0         0
1656         0         0         0         0         0         0
1657         0         0         0         0         0         0
1658         0         0         0         0         0         0
1659         0         0         0         0         0         0
1660         0         0         0         0         0         0
1661         0         0         0         0         0         0
1662         0         0         0         0         0         0
1663         0         0         0         0         0         0
1664         0         0         0         0         0         0
1665         0         0         0         0         0         0
1666         0         0         0         0         0         0
1667         0         0         0         0         0         0
1668         0         0         0         0         0         0
1669         0         0         0         0         0         0
1670         0         0         0         0         0         0
1671         0         0         0         0         0         0
1672         0         0         0         0         0         0
1673         0         0         0         0         0         0
1674         0         0         0         0         0         0
1675         0         0         0         0         0         0
1676         0         0         0         0         0         0
1677         0         0         0         0         0         0
1678         0         0         0         0         0         0
1679         0         0         0         0         0         0
1680         0         0         0         0         0         0
1681         0         0         0         0         0         0
1682         0         0         0         0         0         0
1683         0         0         0         0         0         0
1684         0         0         0         0         0         0
1685         0         0         0         0         0         0
1686         0         0         0         0         0         0
1687         0         0         0         0         0         0
1688         0         0         0         0         0         0
1689         0         0         0         0         0         0
1690         0         0         0         0         0         0
1691         0         0         0         0         0         0
1692         0         0         0         0         0         0
1693         0         0         0         0         0         0
1694         0         0         0         0         0         0
1695         0         0         0         0         0         0
1696         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year       10.3    10.3se      10.4    10.4se      10.6    10.6se

1616         0         0         0         0         0         0
1617         0         0         0         0         0         0
1618         0         0         0         0         0         0
1619         0         0         0         0         0         0
1620         0         0         0         0         0         0
1621         0         0         0         0         0         0
1622         0         0         0         0         0         0
1623         0         0         0         0         0         0
1624         0         0         0         0         0         0
1625         0         0         0         0         0         0
1626         0         0         0         0         0         0
1627         0         0         0         0         0         0
1628         0         0         0         0         0         0
1629         0         0         0         0         0         0
1630         0         0         0         0         0         0
1631         0         0         0         0         0         0
1632         0         0         0         0         0         0
1633         0         0         0         0         0         0
1634         0         0         0         0         0         0
1635         0         0         0         0         0         0
1636         0         0         0         0         0         0
1637         0         0         0         0         0         0
1638         0         0         0         0         0         0
1639         0         0         0         0         0         0
1640         0         0         0         0         0         0
1641         0         0         0         0         0         0
1642         0         0         0         0         0         0
1643         0         0         0         0         0         0
1644         0         0         0         0         0         0
1645         0         0         0         0         0         0
1646         0         0         0         0         0         0
1647         0         0         0         0         0         0
1648         0         0         0         0         0         0
1649         0         0         0         0         0         0
1650         0         0         0         0         0         0
1651         0         0         0         0         0         0
1652         0         0         0         0         0         0
1653         0         0         0         0         0         0
1654         0         0         0         0         0         0
1655         0         0         0         0         0         0
1656         0         0         0         0         0         0
1657         0         0         0         0         0         0
1658         0         0         0         0         0         0
1659         0         0         0         0         0         0
1660         0         0         0         0         0         0
1661         0         0         0         0         0         0
1662         0         0         0         0         0         0
1663         0         0         0         0         0         0
1664         0         0         0         0         0         0
1665         0         0         0         0         0         0
1666         0         0         0         0         0         0
1667         0         0         0         0         0         0
1668         0         0         0         0         0         0
1669         0         0         0         0         0         0
1670         0         0         0         0         0         0
1671         0         0         0         0         0         0
1672         0         0         0         0         0         0
1673         0         0         0         0         0         0
1674         0         0         0         0         0         0
1675         0         0         0         0         0         0
1676         0         0         0         0         0         0
1677         0         0         0         0         0         0
1678         0         0         0         0         0         0
1679         0         0         0         0         0         0
1680         0         0         0         0         0         0
1681         0         0         0         0         0         0
1682         0         0         0         0         0         0
1683         0         0         0         0         0         0
1684         0         0         0         0         0         0
1685         0         0         0         0         0         0
1686         0         0         0         0         0         0
1687         0         0         0         0         0         0
1688         0         0         0         0         0         0
1689         0         0         0         0         0         0
1690         0         0         0         0         0         0
1691         0         0         0         0         0         0
1692         0         0         0         0         0         0
1693         0         0         0         0         0         0
1694         0         0         0         0         0         0
1695         0         0         0         0         0         0
1696         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year        1.6     1.6se       1.7     1.7se       1.9     1.9se

1697         0         0         0         0         0         0
1698         0         0         0         0         0         0
1699         0         0         0         0         0         0
1700         0         0         0         0         0         0
1701         0         0         0         0         0         0
1702         0         0         0         0         0         0
1703         0         0         0         0         0         0
1704         0         0         0         0         0         0
1705         0         0         0         0         0         0
1706         0         0         0         0         0         0
1707         0         0         0         0         0         0
1708         0         0         0         0         0         0
1709         0         0         0         0         0         0
1710         0         0         0         0         0         0
1711         0         0         0         0         0         0
1712         0         0         0         0         0         0
1713         0         0         0         0         0         0
1714         0         0         0         0         0         0
1715         0         0         0         0         0         0
1716         0         0         0         0         0         0
1717         0         0         0         0         0         0
1718         0         0         0         0         0         0
1719         0         0         0         0         0         0
1720         0         0         0         0         0         0
1721         0         0         0         0         0         0
1722         0         0         0         0         0         0
1723         0         0         0         0         0         0
1724         0         0         0         0         0         0
1725         0         0         0         0         0         0
1726         0         0         0         0         0         0
1727         0         0         0         0         0         0
1728         0         0         0         0         0         0
1729         0         0         0         0         0         0
1730         0         0         0         0         0         0
1731         0         0         0         0         0         0
1732         0         0         0         0         0         0
1733         0         0         0         0         0         0
1734         0         0         0         0         0         0
1735         0         0         0         0         0         0
1736         0         0         0         0         0         0
1737         0         0         0         0         0         0
1738         0         0         0         0         0         0
1739         0         0         0         0         0         0
1740         0         0         0         0         0         0
1741         0         0         0         0         0         0
1742         0         0         0         0         0         0
1743         0         0         0         0         0         0
1744         0         0         0         0         0         0
1745         0         0         0         0         0         0
1746         0         0         0         0         0         0
1747         0         0         0         0         0         0
1748         0         0         0         0         0         0
1749         0         0         0         0         0         0
1750         0         0         0         0         0         0
1751         0         0         0         0         0         0
1752         0         0         0         0         0         0
1753         0         0         0         0         0         0
1754         0         0         0         0         0         0
1755         0         0         0         0         0         0
1756         0         0         0         0         0         0
1757         0         0         0         0         0         0
1758         0         0         0         0         0         0
1759         0         0         0         0         0         0
1760         0         0         0         0         0         0
1761         0         0         0         0         0         0
1762         0         0         0         0         0         0
1763         0         0         0         0         0         0
1764         0         0         0         0         0         0
1765         0         0         0         0         0         0
1766         0         0         0         0         0         0
1767         0         0         0         0         0         0
1768         0         0         0         0         0         0
1769         0         0         0         0         0         0
1770         0         0         0         0         0         0
1771         0         0         0         0         0         0
1772         0         0         0         0         0         0
1773         0         0         0         0         0         0
1774         0         0         0         0         0         0
1775         0         0         0         0         0         0
1776         0         0         0         0         0         0
1777         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year       10.3    10.3se      10.4    10.4se      10.6    10.6se

1697         0         0         0         0         0         0
1698         0         0         0         0         0         0
1699         0         0         0         0         0         0
1700         0         0         0         0         0         0
1701         0         0         0         0         0         0
1702         0         0         0         0         0         0
1703         0         0         0         0         0         0
1704         0         0         0         0         0         0
1705         0         0         0         0         0         0
1706         0         0         0         0         0         0
1707         0         0         0         0         0         0
1708         0         0         0         0         0         0
1709         0         0         0         0         0         0
1710         0         0         0         0         0         0
1711         0         0         0         0         0         0
1712         0         0         0         0         0         0
1713         0         0         0         0         0         0
1714         0         0         0         0         0         0
1715         0         0         0         0         0         0
1716         0         0         0         0         0         0
1717         0         0         0         0         0         0
1718         0         0         0         0         0         0
1719         0         0         0         0         0         0
1720         0         0         0         0         0         0
1721         0         0         0         0         0         0
1722         0         0         0         0         0         0
1723         0         0         0         0         0         0
1724         0         0         0         0         0         0
1725         0         0         0         0         0         0
1726         0         0         0         0         0         0
1727         0         0         0         0         0         0
1728         0         0         0         0         0         0
1729         0         0         0         0         0         0
1730         0         0         0         0         0         0
1731         0         0         0         0         0         0
1732         0         0         0         0         0         0
1733         0         0         0         0         0         0
1734         0         0         0         0         0         0
1735         0         0         0         0         0         0
1736         0         0         0         0         0         0
1737         0         0         0         0         0         0
1738         0         0         0         0         0         0
1739         0         0         0         0         0         0
1740         0         0         0         0         0         0
1741         0         0         0         0         0         0
1742         0         0         0         0         0         0
1743         0         0         0         0         0         0
1744         0         0         0         0         0         0
1745         0         0         0         0         0         0
1746         0         0         0         0         0         0
1747         0         0         0         0         0         0
1748         0         0         0         0         0         0
1749         0         0         0         0         0         0
1750         0         0         0         0         0         0
1751         0         0         0         0         0         0
1752         0         0         0         0         0         0
1753         0         0         0         0         0         0
1754         0         0         0         0         0         0
1755         0         0         0         0         0         0
1756         0         0         0         0         0         0
1757         0         0         0         0         0         0
1758         0         0         0         0         0         0
1759         0         0         0         0         0         0
1760         0         0         0         0         0         0
1761         0         0         0         0         0         0
1762         0         0         0         0         0         0
1763         0         0         0         0         0         0
1764         0         0         0         0         0         0
1765         0         0         0         0         0         0
1766         0         0         0         0         0         0
1767         0         0         0         0         0         0
1768         0         0         0         0         0         0
1769         0         0         0         0         0         0
1770         0         0         0         0         0         0
1771         0         0         0         0         0         0
1772         0         0         0         0         0         0
1773         0         0         0         0         0         0
1774         0         0         0         0         0         0
1775         0         0         0         0         0         0
1776         0         0         0         0         0         0
1777         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year        1.6     1.6se       1.7     1.7se       1.9     1.9se

1778         0         0         0         0         0         0
1779         0         0         0         0         0         0
1780         0         0         0         0         0         0
1781         0         0         0         0         0         0
1782         0         0         0         0         0         0
1783         0         0         0         0         0         0
1784         0         0         0         0         0         0
1785         0         0         0         0         0         0
1786         0         0         0         0         0         0
1787         0         0         0         0         0         0
1788         0         0         0         0         0         0
1789         0         0         0         0         0         0
1790         0         0         0         0         0         0
1791         0         0         0         0         0         0
1792         0         0         0         0         0         0
1793         0         0         0         0         0         0
1794         0         0         0         0         0         0
1795         0         0         0         0         0         0
1796         0         0         0         0         0         0
1797         0         0         0         0         0         0
1798         0         0         0         0         0         0
1799         0         0         0         0         0         0
1800         0         0         0         0         0         0
1801         0         0         0         0         0         0
1802         0         0         0         0         0         0
1803         0         0         0         0         0         0
1804         0         0         0         0         0         0
1805         0         0         0         0         0         0
1806         0         0         0         0         0         0
1807         0         0         0         0         0         0
1808         0         0         0         0         0         0
1809         0         0         0         0         0         0
1810         0         0         0         0         0         0
1811         0         0         0         0         0         0
1812         0         0         0         0         0         0
1813         0         0         0         0         0         0
1814         0         0         0         0         0         0
1815         0         0         0         0         0         0
1816         0         0         0         0         0         0
1817         0         0         0         0         0         0
1818         0         0         0         0         0         0
1819         0         0         0         0         0         0
1820         0         0         0         0         0         0
1821         0         0         0         0         0         0
1822         0         0         0         0         0         0
1823         0         0         0         0         0         0
1824         0         0         0         0         0         0
1825         0         0         0         0         0         0
1826         0         0         0         0         0         0
1827         0         0         0         0         0         0
1828         0         0         0         0         0         0
1829         0         0         0         0         0         0
1830         0         0         0         0         0         0
1831         0         0         0         0         0         0
1832         0         0         0         0         0         0
1833         0         0         0         0         0         0
1834         0         0         0         0         0         0
1835         0         0         0         0         0         0
1836         0         0         0         0         0         0
1837         0         0         0         0         0         0
1838         0         0         0         0         0         0
1839         0         0         0         0         0         0
1840         0         0         0         0         0         0
1841         0         0         0         0         0         0
1842         0         0         0         0         0         0
1843         0         0         0         0         0         0
1844         0         0         0         0         0         0
1845         0         0         0         0         0         0
1846         0         0         0         0         0         0
1847         0         0         0         0         0         0
1848         0         0         0         0         0         0
1849         0         0         0         0         0         0
1850         0         0         0         0         0         0
1851         0         0         0         0         0         0
1852         0         0         0         0         0         0
1853         0         0         0         0         0         0
1854         0         0         0         0         0         0
1855         0         0         0         0         0         0
1856         0         0         0         0         0         0
1857         0         0         0         0         0         0
1858         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year       10.3    10.3se       10.4   10.4se      10.6    10.6se

1778         0         0         0         0         0         0
1779         0         0         0         0         0         0
1780         0         0         0         0         0         0
1781         0         0         0         0         0         0
1782         0         0         0         0         0         0
1783         0         0         0         0         0         0
1784         0         0         0         0         0         0
1785         0         0         0         0         0         0
1786         0         0         0         0         0         0
1787         0         0         0         0         0         0
1788         0         0         0         0         0         0
1789         0         0         0         0         0         0
1790         0         0         0         0         0         0
1791         0         0         0         0         0         0
1792         0         0         0         0         0         0
1793         0         0         0         0         0         0
1794         0         0         0         0         0         0
1795         0         0         0         0         0         0
1796         0         0         0         0         0         0
1797         0         0         0         0         0         0
1798         0         0         0         0         0         0
1799         0         0         0         0         0         0
1800         0         0         0         0         0         0
1801         0         0         0         0         0         0
1802         0         0         0         0         0         0
1803         0         0         0         0         0         0
1804         0         0         0         0         0         0
1805         0         0         0         0         0         0
1806         0         0         0         0         0         0
1807         0         0         0         0         0         0
1808         0         0         0         0         0         0
1809         0         0         0         0         0         0
1810         0         0         0         0         0         0
1811         0         0         0         0         0         0
1812         0         0         0         0         0         0
1813         0         0         0         0         0         0
1814         0         0         0         0         0         0
1815         0         0         0         0         0         0
1816         0         0         0         0         0         0
1817         0         0         0         0         0         0
1818         0         0         0         0         0         0
1819         0         0         0         0         0         0
1820         0         0         0         0         0         0
1821         0         0         0         0         0         0
1822         0         0         0         0         0         0
1823         0         0         0         0         0         0
1824         0         0         0         0         0         0
1825         0         0         0         0         0         0
1826         0         0        11         0         0         0
1827         0         0         5       4.1         0         0
1828         0         0         1         0         0         0
1829         0         0         2         0         0         0
1830         0         0        14         0         0         0
1831         0         0        13         0         0         0
1832         0         0        22         0         0         0
1833         0         0         9       1.4         0         0
1834         0         0        20      10.5         0         0
1835         0         0        30         0         0         0
1836         0         0         7       0.7         0         0
1837         0         0         0       0.1         0         0
1838         0         0        34         0         0         0
1839         0         0        22         0         0         0
1840         0         0        29         0         0         0
1841         0         0        28         0         0         0
1842         0         0        27       2.7         0         0
1843         0         0        25       3.4         0         0
1844         0         0        20         0         0         0
1845         0         0        24         0         0         0
1846         0         0        22         0         7         0
1847         0         0         5         0         1         0
1848         0         0        35         0         2         0
1849         0         0        25         0         3       2.2
1850         0         0        18         0         3       2.2
1851         0         0        18         0         2         0
1852         0         0        15         0         3       2.2
1853         0         0        17       1.7         3       2.2
1854         0         0        17       3.8         3       2.2
1855         0         0        18         0         3       2.2
1856         0         0        20         0         3       2.2
1857         0         0        18         0         3       2.2
1858         0         0        17       3.8         3       2.2

Year        1.6     1.6se       1.7     1.7se       1.9     1.9se

1859         0         0         0         0         0         0
1860         0         0         0         0         0         0
1861         0         0         0         0         0         0
1862         0         0         0         0         0         0
1863         0         0         0         0         0         0
1864         0         0         0         0         0         0
1865         0         0         0         0         0         0
1866         0         0         0         0         0         0
1867         0         0         0         0         0         0
1868         0         0         0         0         0         0
1869         0         0         0         0         0         0
1870         0         0         0         0         0         0
1871         0         0         0         0         0         0
1872         0         0         0         0         0         0
1873         0         0         0         0         0         0
1874         0         0         0         0         0         0
1875         0         0         0         0         0         0
1876         0         0         0         0         0         0
1877         0         0         0         0         0         0
1878         0         0         0         0         0         0
1879         0         0         0         0         0         0
1880         0         0         0         0         0         0
1881         0         0         0         0         0         0
1882         0         0         0         0         0         0
1883         0         0         0         0         0         0
1884         0         0         0         0         0         0
1885         0         0         0         0         0         0
1886         0         0         0         0         0         0
1887         0         0         0         0         0         0
1888         0         0         0         0         0         0
1889         0         0         0         0         0         0
1890         0         0         0         0         0         0
1891         0         0         0         0         0         0
1892         0         0         0         0         0         0
1893         0         0         0         0         0         0
1894         0         0         0         0         0         0
1895         0         0         0         0         0         0
1896         0         0         0         0         0         0
1897         0         0         0         0         0         0
1898         0         0        10       1.4         0         0
1899         0         0         9         0         0         0
1900         0         0        21       1.8         0         0
1901         0         0        38         1         0         0
1902         0         0       122       2.5         0         0
1903         5         0       205       3.1         0         0
1904        13         0       281         0         0         0
1905         6       0.1       161         0         0         0
1906         5         0        60       0.1         0         0
1907         5         0        87       2.8         0         0
1908         3         0        24         0         0         0
1909        12         0        33         0         0         0
1910        15         0        56         0         0         0
1911         4         0        27       0.1         0         0
1912         0         0        22         0         0         0
1913         3         0         8         0         0         0
1914         2         0        13         0         0         0
1915         0         0         5         0         0         0
1916         0         0         4       0.5         0         0
1917         0         0         0         0         0         0
1918         0         0         7       0.7         0         0
1919         0         0         3       0.3         0         0
1920         1         0         0         0         0         0
1921         0         0         0         0         0         0
1922         0         0         0         0         0         0
1923         0         0         3         0         0         0
1924         1         0        16         0         0         0
1925         0         0        35         0         0         0
1926         0         0        18         0         0         0
1927         0         0        79         0         0         0
1928         0         0        21         0         0         0
1929         2         0        11         0         0         0
1930         0         0         7         0         0         0
1931         0         0         0         0         0         0
1932         0         0         0         0         0         0
1933         0         0         0         0         0         0
1934         0         0        15       2.4         0         0
1935         0         0        10         0         0         0
1936         0         0        10         0         0         0
1937         0         0         9         0         0         0
1938         0         0         0         0         0         0
1939         0         0         4         0         0         0

Year       10.3    10.3se       10.4   10.4se      10.6    10.6se

1859        11       0.8        13         0         3       2.2
1860        14       0.9        17       1.7         3       2.2
1861        23       1.5        16         0         3       2.2
1862        17       1.2         9         0         3       2.2
1863         6       0.4         7         0         3       2.2
1864        15         1         6         0         3       2.2
1865        11       0.7         5         0         3       2.2
1866        10       0.7         7       1.3         3       2.2
1867        16       1.1         7       1.3         3       2.2
1868        19       1.3         0         0         3       2.2
1869         9       0.6         0         0         3       2.2
1870        15         1         0         0         3       2.2
1871        14       0.9         0         0         3       2.2
1872         3       0.2         0         0         3       2.2
1873         5       0.4         0         0         3       2.2
1874        11       0.7         0         0         3       2.2
1875         4       0.3         0         0         3       2.2
1876         5       0.3         0         0         3       2.2
1877         9       0.6         0         0         3       2.2
1878        10       0.7         0         0         3       2.2
1879         3       0.2         0         0         3       2.2
1880         1       0.1         0         0         3       2.2
1881         2       0.2         0         0         3       2.2
1882         3       0.2         0         0         3       2.2
1883         0         0         0         0         3       2.2
1884         0         0         0         0         3       2.2
1885         2       0.1         0         0         3       2.2
1886         0         0         0         0         0         0
1887         0         0         0         0         0         0
1888         0         0         0         0         0         0
1889         0         0         0         0         0         0
1890         0         0         0         0         0         0
1891         0         0         0         0         0         0
1892         2       0.1         0         0         0         0
1893         1         0         0         0         0         0
1894         0         0         0         0         0         0
1895         3       0.2         0         0         0         0
1896         1       0.1         0         0         0         0
1897         0         0         0         0         0         0
1898         0         0         0         0         0         0
1899         0         0         0         0         0         0
1900         2       0.2         0         0         0         0
1901         0         0         0         0         0         0
1902         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1903         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1904         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1905         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1906         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1907         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1908         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1909         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1910         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1911         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1912         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1913         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1914         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1915         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1916         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1917         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1918         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1919         1       0.8         0         0         0         0
1920         2       0.1         0         0         0         0
1921         0         0         0         0         0         0
1922         0         0         0         0         0         0
1923         3       0.2         0         0         0         0
1924         1       0.1         0         0         0         0
1925         0         0         0         0         0         0
1926         0         0         0         0         0         0
1927         0         0         0         0         0         0
1928         0         0         0         0         0         0
1929         0         0         0         0         0         0
1930         0         0         0         0         0         0
1931         0         0         0         0         0         0
1932         0         0         0         0         0         0
1933         0         0         0         0         0         0
1934         0         0         0         0         0         0
1935         0         0         0         0         0         0
1936         0         0         0         0         0         0
1937         0         0         0         0         0         0
1938         0         0         0         0         0         0
1939         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year        1.6     1.6se       1.7     1.7se       1.9     1.9se

1940         0         0         7         0         0         0
1941         0         0         3         0         0         0
1942         0         0         1         0         0         0
1943         0         0         6         0         0         0
1944         0         0        10         0         0         0
1945         0         0         9         0         0         0
1946         0         0         5         0         0         0
1947         0         0         6         0         0         0
1948         0         0        15         0         0         0
1949         0         0        11         0         0         0
1950         0         0        16         0         0         0
1951         0         0        29         0         0         0
1952         0         0         1         0         0         0
1953         0         0         0         0         0         0
1954         0         0         0         0         0         0
1955         0         0         0         0         0         0
1956         0         0         0         0         0         0
1957         0         0         0         0         0         0
1958         0         0         4         0         0         0
1959         0         0         0         0         0         0
1960         0         0         0         0         0         0
1961         0         0         0         0         0         0
1962         0         0         0         0         0         0
1963         0         0         0         0         0         0
1964         0         0         0         0         0         0
1965         0         0         1         0         0         0
1966         0         0         0         0         0         0
1967         0         0         0         0         0         0
1968         0         0         0         0         0         0
1969         0         0         5         0         2         0
1970         0         0        14         0         1         0
1971         0         0        16         0         4         0
1972         0         0         0         0         0         0
1973         0         0         0         0         0         0
1974         0         0         0         0         0         0
1975         0         0         0         0         0         0
1976         0         0         0         0         0         0
1977         0         0         0         0         0         0
1978         0         0         0         0         0         0
1979         0         0         0         0         0         0
1980         0         0         0         0         0         0
1981         0         0         0         0         0         0
1982         0         0         0         0         0         0
1983         0         0         0         0         0         0
1984         0         0         0         0         0         0
1985         0         0         0         0         0         0
1986         0         0         0         0         0         0
1987         0         0         0         0         0         0
1988         0         0         0         0         0         0
1989         0         0         0         0         0         0
1990         0         0         0         0         0         0
1991         0         0         0         0         0         0
1992         0         0         0         0         0         0
1993         0         0         0         0         0         0
1994         0         0         0         0         0         0
1995         0         0         0         0         0         0
1996         0         0         0         0         0         0
1997         0         0         0         0         0         0
1998         0         0         0         0         0         0
1999         0         0         0         0         0         0
2000         0         0         0         0         0         0
2001         0         0         0         0         0         0
2002         0         0         0         0         0         0
2003         0         0         0         0         0         0
2004         0         0         0         0         0         0
2005         0         0         0         0         0         0
2006         0         0         0         0         0         0
2007         0         0         0         0         0         0
2008         0         0         0         0         0         0
2009         0         0         0         0         0         0
Total       77    0 1593                   6         7         0

Year       10.3    10.3se       10.4   10.4se       10.6   10.6se

1940         0         0         0         0         0         0
1941         0         0         0         0         0         0
1942         0         0         0         0         0         0
1943         0         0         0         0         0         0
1944         0         0         0         0         0         0
1945         0         0         0         0         0         0
1946         0         0         0         0         0         0
1947         0         0         0         0         0         0
1948         0         0         0         0         0         0
1949         0         0         0         0         0         0
1950         0         0         0         0         0         0
1951         0         0         0         0         0         0
1952         0         0         0         0         0         0
1953         0         0         0         0         0         0
1954         0         0         0         0         0         0
1955         0         0         0         0         0         0
1956         0         0         0         0         0         0
1957         0         0         0         0         0         0
1958         0         0         0         0         0         0
1959         0         0         0         0         0         0
1960         0         0         0         0         0         0
1961         0         0         0         0         0         0
1962         0         0         0         0         0         0
1963         0         0         0         0         0         0
1964         0         0         0         0         0         0
1965         0         0         0         0         0         0
1966         0         0         0         0         0         0
1967         0         0         0         0         0         0
1968         0         0         0         0         0         0
1969         0         0         0         0         0         0
1970         0         0         0         0         0         0
1971         0         0         0         0         0         0
1972         0         0         0         0         0         0
1973         0         0         0         0         0         0
1974         0         0         0         0         0         0
1975         0         0         0         0         0         0
1976         0         0         0         0         0         0
1977         0         0         0         0         0         0
1978         0         0         0         0         0         0
1979         0         0         0         0         0         0
1980         0         0         0         0         0         0
1981         0         0         0         0         0         0
1982         0         0         0         0         0         0
1983         0         0         0         0         0         0
1984         0         0         0         0         0         0
1985         0         0         0         0         0         0
1986         0         0         0         0         0         0
1987         0         0         0         0         0         0
1988         0         0         0         0         0         0
1989         0         0         0         0         0         0
1990         0         0         0         0         0         0
1991         0         0         0         0         0         0
1992         0         0         0         0         0         0
1993         0         0         0         0         0         0
1994         0         0         0         0         0         0
1995         0         0         0         0         0         0
1996         0         0         0         0         0         0
1997         0         0         0         0         0         0
1998         0         0         0         0         0         0
1999         0         0         0         0         0         0
2000         0         0         0         0         0         0
2001         0         0         0         0         0         0
2002         0         0         0         0         0         0
2003         0         0         0         0         0         0
2004         0         0         0         0         0         0
2005         0         0         0         0         0         0
2006         0         0         0         0         0         0
2007         0         0         0         0         0         0
2008         0         0         0         0         0         0
2009         0         0         0         0         0         0
Total      271         5       675        14       120        13

Year        1.1    1.10se       1.11   1.11se        2       2se

1616         0         0         0         0         0         0
1617         0         0         0         0         0         0
1618         0         0         0         0         0         0
1619         0         0         0         0         0         0
1620         0         0         0         0         0         0
1621         0         0         0         0         0         0
1622         0         0         0         0         0         0
1623         0         0         0         0         0         0
1624         0         0         0         0         0         0
1625         0         0         0         0         0         0
1626         0         0         0         0         0         0
1627         0         0         0         0         0         0
1628         0         0         0         0         0         0
1629         0         0         0         0         0         0
1630         0         0         0         0         0         0
1631         0         0         0         0         0         0
1632         0         0         0         0         0         0
1633         0         0         0         0         0         0
1634         0         0         0         0         0         0
1635         0         0         0         0         0         0
1636         0         0         0         0         0         0
1637         0         0         0         0         0         0
1638         0         0         0         0         0         0
1639         0         0         0         0         0         0
1640         0         0         0         0         0         0
1641         0         0         0         0         0         0
1642         0         0         0         0         0         0
1643         0         0         0         0         0         0
1644         0         0         0         0         0         0
1645         0         0         0         0         0         0
1646         0         0         0         0         0         0
1647         0         0         0         0         0         0
1648         0         0         0         0         0         0
1649         0         0         0         0         0         0
1650         0         0         0         0         0         0
1651         0         0         0         0         0         0
1652         0         0         0         0         0         0
1653         0         0         0         0         0         0
1654         0         0         0         0         0         0
1655         0         0         0         0         0         0
1656         0         0         0         0         0         0
1657         0         0         0         0         0         0
1658         0         0         0         0         0         0
1659         0         0         0         0         0         0
1660         0         0         0         0         0         0
1661         0         0         0         0         0         0
1662         0         0         0         0         0         0
1663         0         0         0         0         0         0
1664         0         0         0         0         0         0
1665         0         0         0         0         0         0
1666         0         0         0         0         0         0
1667         0         0         0         0         0         0
1668         0         0         0         0         0         0
1669         0         0         0         0         0         0
1670         0         0         0         0         0         0
1671         0         0         0         0         0         0
1672         0         0         0         0         0         0
1673         0         0         0         0         0         0
1674         0         0         0         0         0         0
1675         0         0         0         0         0         0
1676         0         0         0         0         0         0
1677         0         0         0         0         0         0
1678         0         0         0         0         0         0
1679         0         0         0         0         0         0
1680         0         0         0         0         0         0
1681         0         0         0         0         0         0
1682         0         0         0         0         0         0
1683         0         0         0         0         0         0
1684         0         0         0         0         0         0
1685         0         0         0         0         0         0
1686         0         0         0         0         0         0
1687         0         0         0         0         0         0
1688         0         0         0         0         0         0
1689         0         0         0         0         0         0
1690         0         0         0         0         0         0
1691         0         0         0         0         0         0
1692         0         0         0         0         0         0
1693         0         0         0         0         0         0
1694         0         0         0         0         0         0
1695         0         0         0         0         0         0
1696         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year       11.1    11.1se      11.2    11.2se      11.3     11.3se

1616         0         0         0         0         0         0
1617         0         0         0         0         0         0
1618         0         0         0         0         0         0
1619         0         0         0         0         0         0
1620         0         0         0         0         0         0
1621         0         0         0         0         0         0
1622         0         0         0         0         0         0
1623         0         0         0         0         0         0
1624         0         0         0         0         0         0
1625         0         0         0         0         0         0
1626         0         0         0         0         0         0
1627         0         0         0         0         0         0
1628         0         0         0         0         0         0
1629         0         0         0         0         0         0
1630         0         0         0         0         0         0
1631         0         0         0         0         0         0
1632         0         0         0         0         0         0
1633         0         0         0         0         0         0
1634         0         0         0         0         0         0
1635         0         0         0         0         0         0
1636         0         0         0         0         0         0
1637         0         0         0         0         0         0
1638         0         0         0         0         0         0
1639         0         0         0         0         0         0
1640         0         0         0         0         0         0
1641         0         0         0         0         0         0
1642         0         0         0         0         0         0
1643         0         0         0         0         0         0
1644         0         0         0         0         0         0
1645         0         0         0         0         0         0
1646         0         0         0         0         0         0
1647         0         0         0         0         0         0
1648         0         0         0         0         0         0
1649         0         0         0         0         0         0
1650         0         0         0         0         0         0
1651         0         0         0         0         0         0
1652         0         0         0         0         0         0
1653         0         0         0         0         0         0
1654         0         0         0         0         0         0
1655         0         0         0         0         0         0
1656         0         0         0         0         0         0
1657         0         0         0         0         0         0
1658         0         0         0         0         0         0
1659         0         0         0         0         0         0
1660         0         0         0         0         0         0
1661         0         0         0         0         0         0
1662         0         0         0         0         0         0
1663         0         0         0         0         0         0
1664         0         0         0         0         0         0
1665         0         0         0         0         0         0
1666         0         0         0         0         0         0
1667         0         0         0         0         0         0
1668         0         0         0         0         0         0
1669         0         0         0         0         0         0
1670         0         0         0         0         0         0
1671         0         0         0         0         0         0
1672         0         0         0         0         0         0
1673         0         0         0         0         0         0
1674         0         0         0         0         0         0
1675         0         0         0         0         0         0
1676         0         0         0         0         0         0
1677         0         0         0         0         0         0
1678         0         0         0         0         0         0
1679         0         0         0         0         0         0
1680         0         0         0         0         0         0
1681         0         0         0         0         0         0
1682         0         0         0         0         0         0
1683         0         0         0         0         0         0
1684         0         0         0         0         0         0
1685         0         0         0         0         0         0
1686         0         0         0         0         0         0
1687         0         0         0         0         0         0
1688         0         0         0         0         0         0
1689         0         0         0         0         0         0
1690         0         0         0         0         0         0
1691         0         0         0         0         0         0
1692         0         0         0         0         0         0
1693         0         0         0         0         0         0
1694         0         0         0         0         0         0
1695         0         0         0         0         0         0
1696         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year        1.1    1.10se       1.11   1.11se        2       2se

1697         0         0         0         0         0         0
1698         0         0         0         0         0         0
1699         0         0         0         0         0         0
1700         0         0         0         0         0         0
1701         0         0         0         0         0         0
1702         0         0         0         0         0         0
1703         0         0         0         0         0         0
1704         0         0         0         0         0         0
1705         0         0         0         0         0         0
1706         0         0         0         0         0         0
1707         0         0         0         0         0         0
1708         0         0         0         0         0         0
1709         0         0         0         0         0         0
1710         0         0         0         0         0         0
1711         0         0         0         0         0         0
1712         0         0         0         0         0         0
1713         0         0         0         0         0         0
1714         0         0         0         0         0         0
1715         0         0         0         0         0         0
1716         0         0         0         0         0         0
1717         0         0         0         0         0         0
1718         0         0         0         0         0         0
1719         0         0         0         0         0         0
1720         0         0         0         0         0         0
1721         0         0         0         0         0         0
1722         0         0         0         0         0         0
1723         0         0         0         0         0         0
1724         0         0         0         0         0         0
1725         0         0         0         0         0         0
1726         0         0         0         0         0         0
1727         0         0         0         0         0         0
1728         0         0         0         0         0         0
1729         0         0         0         0         0         0
1730         0         0         0         0         0         0
1731         0         0         0         0         0         0
1732         0         0         0         0         0         0
1733         0         0         0         0         0         0
1734         0         0         0         0         0         0
1735         0         0         0         0         0         0
1736         0         0         0         0         0         0
1737         0         0         0         0         0         0
1738         0         0         0         0         0         0
1739         0         0         0         0         0         0
1740         0         0         0         0         0         0
1741         0         0         0         0         0         0
1742         0         0         0         0         0         0
1743         0         0         0         0         0         0
1744         0         0         0         0         0         0
1745         0         0         0         0         0         0
1746         0         0         0         0         0         0
1747         0         0         0         0         0         0
1748         0         0         0         0         0         0
1749         0         0         0         0         0         0
1750         0         0         0         0         0         0
1751         0         0         0         0         0         0
1752         0         0         0         0         0         0
1753         0         0         0         0         0         0
1754         0         0         0         0         0         0
1755         0         0         0         0         0         0
1756         0         0         0         0         0         0
1757         0         0         0         0         0         0
1758         0         0         0         0         0         0
1759         0         0         0         0         0         0
1760         0         0         0         0         0         0
1761         0         0         0         0         0         0
1762         0         0         0         0         0         0
1763         0         0         0         0         0         0
1764         0         0         0         0         0         0
1765         0         0         0         0         0         0
1766         0         0         0         0         0         0
1767         0         0         0         0         0         0
1768         0         0         0         0         0         0
1769         0         0         0         0         0         0
1770         0         0         0         0         0         0
1771         0         0         0         0         0         0
1772         0         0         0         0         0         0
1773         0         0         0         0         0         0
1774         0         0         0         0         0         0
1775         0         0         0         0         0         0
1776         0         0         0         0         0         0
1777         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year       11.1    11.1se      11.2    11.2se      11.3     11.3se

1697         0         0         0         0         0         0
1698         0         0         0         0         0         0
1699         0         0         0         0         0         0
1700         0         0         0         0         0         0
1701         0         0         0         0         0         0
1702         0         0         0         0         0         0
1703         0         0         0         0         0         0
1704         0         0         0         0         0         0
1705         0         0         0         0         0         0
1706         0         0         0         0         0         0
1707         0         0         0         0         0         0
1708         0         0         0         0         0         0
1709         0         0         0         0         0         0
1710         0         0         0         0         0         0
1711         0         0         0         0         0         0
1712         0         0         0         0         0         0
1713         0         0         0         0         0         0
1714         0         0         0         0         0         0
1715         0         0         0         0         0         0
1716         0         0         0         0         0         0
1717         0         0         0         0         0         0
1718         0         0         0         0         0         0
1719         0         0         0         0         0         0
1720         0         0         0         0         0         0
1721         0         0         0         0         0         0
1722         0         0         0         0         0         0
1723         0         0         0         0         0         0
1724         0         0         0         0         0         0
1725         0         0         0         0         0         0
1726         0         0         0         0         0         0
1727         0         0         0         0         0         0
1728         0         0         0         0         0         0
1729         0         0         0         0         0         0
1730         0         0         0         0         0         0
1731         0         0         0         0         0         0
1732         0         0         0         0         0         0
1733         0         0         0         0         0         0
1734         0         0         0         0         0         0
1735         0         0         0         0         0         0
1736         0         0         0         0         0         0
1737         0         0         0         0         0         0
1738         0         0         0         0         0         0
1739         0         0         0         0         0         0
1740         0         0         0         0         0         0
1741         0         0         0         0         0         0
1742         0         0         0         0         0         0
1743         0         0         0         0         0         0
1744         0         0         0         0         0         0
1745         0         0         0         0         0         0
1746         0         0         0         0         0         0
1747         0         0         0         0         0         0
1748         0         0         0         0         0         0
1749         0         0         0         0         0         0
1750         0         0         0         0         0         0
1751         0         0         0         0        56      19.3
1752         0         0         0         0        60      20.6
1753         0         0         0         0        64        22
1754         0         0         0         0        68      23.4
1755         0         0         0         0        73        25
1756         0         0         0         0        77      26.6
1757         0         0         0         0        82      28.4
1758         0         0         0         0        88      30.3
1759         0         0         0         0        94      32.3
1760         0         0         0         0         7       3.2
1761         0         0         0         0         8       3.4
1762         0         0         0         0         8       3.6
1763         0         0         0         0         9       3.8
1764         0         0         0         0         9       4.1
1765         0         0         0         0        10       4.4
1766         0         0         0         0        11       4.7
1767         0         0         0         0        11         5
1768         0         0         0         0        12       5.3
1769         0         0         0         0        13       5.7
1770         0         0         0         0        14       6.1
1771         0         0         0         0        15       6.5
1772         0         0         0         0        16       6.9
1773         0         0         0         0        17       7.4
1774         0         0         0         0        18       7.9
1775         0         0         0         0        19       8.5
1776         0         0         0         0         1       0.4
1777         0         0         0         0         0       0.1

Year        1.1    1.10se       1.11   1.11se        2       2se

1778         0         0         0         0         0         0
1779         0         0         0         0         0         0
1780         0         0         0         0         0         0
1781         0         0         0         0         0         0
1782         0         0         0         0         0         0
1783         0         0         0         0         0         0
1784         0         0         0         0         0         0
1785         0         0         0         0         0         0
1786         0         0         0         0         0         0
1787         0         0         0         0         0         0
1788         0         0         0         0         0         0
1789         0         0         0         0         0         0
1790         0         0         0         0         0         0
1791         0         0         0         0         0         0
1792         0         0         0         0         0         0
1793         0         0         0         0         0         0
1794         0         0         0         0         0         0
1795         0         0         0         0         0         0
1796         0         0         0         0         0         0
1797         0         0         0         0         0         0
1798         0         0         0         0         0         0
1799         0         0         0         0         0         0
1800         0         0         0         0         0         0
1801         0         0         0         0         0         0
1802         0         0         0         0         0         0
1803         0         0         0         0         0         0
1804         0         0         0         0         0         0
1805         0         0         0         0         0         0
1806         0         0         0         0         0         0
1807         0         0         0         0         0         0
1808         0         0         0         0         0         0
1809         0         0         0         0         0         0
1810         0         0         0         0         0         0
1811         0         0         0         0         0         0
1812         0         0         0         0         0         0
1813         0         0         0         0         0         0
1814         0         0         0         0         0         0
1815         0         0         0         0         0         0
1816         0         0         0         0         0         0
1817         0         0         0         0         0         0
1818         0         0         0         0         0         0
1819         0         0         0         0         0         0
1820         0         0         0         0         0         0
1821         0         0         0         0         0         0
1822         0         0         0         0         0         0
1823         0         0         0         0         0         0
1824         0         0         0         0         0         0
1825         0         0         0         0         0         0
1826         0         0         0         0         0         0
1827         0         0         0         0         0         0
1828         0         0         0         0         0         0
1829         0         0         0         0         0         0
1830         0         0         0         0         0         0
1831         0         0         0         0         0         0
1832         0         0         0         0         0         0
1833         0         0         0         0         0         0
1834         0         0         0         0         0         0
1835         0         0         0         0         0         0
1836         0         0         0         0         0         0
1837         0         0         0         0         0         0
1838         0         0         0         0         0         0
1839         0         0         0         0         0         0
1840         0         0         0         0         0         0
1841         0         0         0         0         0         0
1842         0         0         0         0         0         0
1843         0         0         0         0         0         0
1844         0         0         0         0         0         0
1845         0         0         0         0         0         0
1846         0         0         0         0         0         0
1847         0         0         0         0         0         0
1848         0         0         0         0         0         0
1849         0         0         0         0         0         0
1850         0         0         0         0         0         0
1851         0         0         0         0         0         0
1852         0         0         0         0         0         0
1853         0         0         0         0         0         0
1854         0         0         0         0         0         0
1855         0         0         0         0         0         0
1856         0         0         0         0         0         0
1857         0         0         0         0         0         0
1858         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year       11.1    11.1se      11.2    11.2se       11.3    11.3se

1778         0         0         0         0          0         0
1779         0         0         0         0          0         0
1780         0         0         0         0          0       0.1
1781         0         0         0         0          0       0.1
1782         0         0         0         0          0       0.1
1783         0         0         0         0          1       0.2
1784         0         0         0         0          2         1
1785         0         0         0         0          3       1.5
1786         0         0         0         0          2         1
1787         0         0         0         0          1       0.4
1788         0         0         0         0          3       1.3
1789         0         0         0         0          5       2.1
1790         0         0         0         0          3       1.3
1791         0         0         0         0          1       0.6
1792         0         0         0         0          5         2
1793         0         0         0         0          4       1.9
1794         0         0         0         0          3       1.5
1795         0         0         0         0          3       1.2
1796         0         0         0         0          3       1.1
1797         0         0         0         0          2       0.8
1798         0         0         0         0          1       0.4
1799         0         0         0         0          1       0.3
1800         0         0         0         0          2       0.8
1801         0         0         0         0          2       0.9
1802         0         0         0         0          3       1.4
1803         0         0         0         0          3       1.2
1804         0         0         0         0          3       1.2
1805         0         0         0         0          3       1.1
1806         0         0         0         0          2       0.8
1807         0         0         0         0          1       0.6
1808         0         0         0         0          2       0.7
1809         0         0         0         0          2       0.8
1810         0         0         0         0          1       0.3
1811         0         0         0         0          1       0.5
1812         0         0         0         0          1       0.5
1813         0         0         0         0          1       0.3
1814         0         0         0         0          0         0
1815         0         0         0         0          4       1.6
1816         0         0         0         0          5         2
1817         0         0         0         0          4       1.6
1818         0         0         0         0          4       1.6
1819         0         0         0         0          3       1.4
1820         0         0         0         0          5       2.1
1821         0         0         0         0          5       2.1
1822         0         0         0         0          5       2.3
1823         0         0         0         0          4       1.9
1824         0         0         0         0          3       1.2
1825         0         0         0         0          3       1.1
1826         0         0         0         0          3       1.4
1827         0         0         0         0          5         2
1828         0         0         0         0          6       2.5
1829         0         0         0         0          6       2.5
1830         0         0         0         0          6       2.5
1831         0         0         0         0          8       3.3
1832         0         0         0         0         10       4.1
1833         0         0         0         0          9       3.9
1834         0         0         0         0          8       3.5
1835         0         0         0         0         10       4.4
1836         0         0         0         0         13       5.7
1837         0         0         0         0         12       5.1
1838         0         0         0         0          9       3.9
1839         0         0         0         0          7       2.8
1840         0         0         0         0          7       3.2
1841         0         0         0         0          7         3
1842         0         0         0         0          6       2.6
1843         0         0         0         0          4       1.5
1844         0         0         0         0          4       1.6
1845         0         0         0         0          4       1.9
1846         0         0         0         0          4       1.7
1847         0         0         0         0          2       0.9
1848         0         0         0         0          2       0.9
1849         0         0         0         0          3       1.3
1850        60      11.7        48      11.2          5         2
1851        50      13.8        54      14.7          6       2.6
1852        73      15.3        66      15.8          7         3
1853        69      13.9        60      13.9          6       2.5
1854        59      11.9        51        12          5       2.1
1855        85        17        68      16.3          6       2.4
1856       103      20.7        78      19.4          7       2.8
1857       107      22.2        76      20.1          5       2.2
1858        99      20.6        70      18.5          5       2.1

Year        1.1    1.10se       1.11   1.11se        2       2se

1859         0         0         0         0         0         0
1860         0         0         0         0         0         0
1861         0         0         0         0         0         0
1862         0         0         0         0         0         0
1863         0         0         0         0         0         0
1864         0         0         0         0         0         0
1865         0         0         0         0         0         0
1866         0         0         0         0         0         0
1867         0         0         0         0         0         0
1868         0         0         0         0         0         0
1869         0         0         0         0         0         0
1870         0         0         0         0         0         0
1871         0         0         0         0         0         0
1872         0         0         0         0         0         0
1873         0         0         0         0         0         0
1874         0         0         0         0         0         0
1875         0         0         0         0         0         0
1876         0         0         0         0         0         0
1877         0         0         0         0         0         0
1878         0         0         0         0         0         0
1879         0         0         0         0         0         0
1880         0         0         0         0         0         0
1881         0         0         0         0         0         0
1882         0         0         0         0         0         0
1883         0         0         0         0         0         0
1884         0         0         0         0         0         0
1885         0         0         0         0         0         0
1886         0         0         0         0         0         0
1887         0         0         0         0         0         0
1888         0         0         0         0         0         0
1889         0         0         0         0         0         0
1890         0         0         0         0         0         0
1891         0         0         0         0         0         0
1892         0         0         0         0         0         0
1893         0         0         0         0         0         0
1894         0         0         0         0         0         0
1895         0         0         0         0         0         0
1896         0         0         0         0         0         0
1897         0         0         0         0         0         0
1898         0         0         0         0         0         0
1899         0         0         0         0         0         0
1900         0         0         0         0         0         0
1901         0         0         0         0         0         0
1902         0         0         0         0         0         0
1903         0         0         0         0         0         0
1904         0         0         0         0         0         0
1905         0         0         0         0         0         0
1906         0         0         0         0         0         0
1907         0         0         0         0         0         0
1908         0         0         0         0         0         0
1909         0         0         0         0         0         0
1910         0         0         0         0         0         0
1911         0         0         0         0         0         0
1912         0         0         0         0         0         0
1913         0         0         0         0         0         0
1914         0         0         0         0         0         0
1915         0         0         0         0         0         0
1916         0         0         0         0         0         0
1917         0         0         0         0         0         0
1918         0         0         0         0         0         0
1919         0         0         0         0         0         0
1920         0         0         0         0         0         0
1921         0         0         0         0         0         0
1922         0         0         0         0       140         0
1923         0         0         0         0       150         0
1924         0         0         0         0        37         0
1925       103         0         0         0         1         0
1926        71         0         0         0         0         0
1927         0         0         0         0         0         0
1928         0         0         0         0         0         0
1929         0         0         0         0         3         0
1930         0         0         0         0        55         0
1931         0         0         0         0        39         0
1932         0         0         0         0        10         0
1933         0         0         0         0         7         0
1934         0         0         0         0         3         0
1935         0         0         0         0         0         0
1936         0         0         0         0         0         0
1937         0         0         0         0         7         0
1938         0         0         0         0         0         0
1939         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year       11.1    11.1se      11.2    11.2se      11.3     11.3se

1859        85      17.1        62      15.7         5       2.1
1860        54      10.7        45      10.5         5       2.1
1861        79      15.7        62        15         6       2.4
1862        84      16.6        68      16.2         6       2.5
1863        94      19.8        64      17.7         5       1.9
1864        66      13.6        52      12.9         6       2.4
1865       144      29.6       107      27.5         7       3.2
1866       145        30       100      26.9         8       3.4
1867       176      35.4       125        32         9         4
1868       134      27.8        93      24.9         6       2.7
1869        94      19.1        69      17.6         5       2.2
1870        87      18.1        30      13.9         3       1.4
1871        65      13.7        23      10.3         3       1.2
1872        85      17.6        30      13.5         3       1.4
1873        56      11.1        19       8.5         2       0.9
1874        77      15.2        27      11.6         4       1.6
1875        57      10.7        21       7.7         4       1.9
1876        94      18.2        34      13.9         5       2.2
1877        64        12        24         9         5         2
1878        73      13.9        27      10.6         5       2.1
1879        67      12.8        25       9.7         5       1.9
1880        76      14.9        27      11.4         4       1.8
1881        49         9        18       6.8         4       1.5
1882        42       8.1        15       6.2         2         1
1883        53      10.4        19       7.8         3       1.1
1884        37       7.2        14       5.5         2         1
1885        47       9.3        16       7.1         3       1.1
1886         0         0         0         0         2       0.9
1887         0         0         0         0         2       0.9
1888         0         0         0         0         1       0.4
1889         0         0         0         0         1       0.5
1890         0         0         0         0         1       0.5
1891         0         0         0         0         1       0.6
1892         0         0         0         0         1       0.5
1893         0         0         0         0         1       0.6
1894         0         0         0         0         1       0.5
1895         0         0         0         0         1       0.4
1896         0         0         0         0         1       0.4
1897         0         0         0         0         1       0.6
1898         0         0         0         0         1       0.5
1899         0         0         0         0         1       0.4
1900         0         0         0         0         0         0
1901         0         0         0         0         0         0
1902         0         0         0         0         0         0
1903         0         0         0         0         0         0
1904         0         0         0         0         0         0
1905         0         0         0         0         0         0
1906         0         0         0         0         0         0
1907         0         0         0         0         0         0
1908         0         0         0         0         0         0
1909         0         0         0         0         0         0
1910         0         0         0         0         0         0
1911         0         0         0         0         0         0
1912         0         0         0         0         0         0
1913         0         0         0         0         0         0
1914         0         0         0         0         0         0
1915         0         0         0         0         0         0
1916         0         0         0         0         0         0
1917         0         0         0         0         0         0
1918         0         0         0         0         0         0
1919         0         0         0         0         0         0
1920         0         0         0         0         0         0
1921         0         0         0         0         0         0
1922         0         0         0         0         0         0
1923         0         0         0         0         0         0
1924         0         0         0         0         0         0
1925         0         0         0         0         0         0
1926         0         0         0         0         0         0
1927         0         0         0         0         0         0
1928         0         0         0         0         0         0
1929         0         0         0         0         0         0
1930         0         0         0         0         0         0
1931         0         0         0         0         0         0
1932         0         0         0         0         0         0
1933         0         0         0         0         0         0
1934         0         0         0         0         0         0
1935         0         0         0         0         0         0
1936         0         0         0         0         0         0
1937         0         0         0         0         0         0
1938         0         0         0         0         0         0
1939         0         0         0         0         0         0

Year        1.1    1.10se       1.11   1.11se        2       2se

1940         0         0         0         0         0         0
1941         0         0         0         0         0         0
1942         0         0         0         0         0         0
1943         0         0         0         0         0         0
1944         0         0         0         0         0         0
1945         0         0         0         0         0         0
1946         0         0         0         0         0         0
1947         0         0         0         0         0         0
1948         0         0         0         0         0         0
1949         0         0         0         0         0         0
1950         0         0         0         0         0         0
1951         0         0         0         0         0         0
1952         0         0         0         0         0         0
1953         0         0         0         0         0         0
1954         0         0         0         0         0         0
1955         0         0         0         0         0         0
1956         0         0         0         0         0         0
1957         0         0         0         0         0         0
1958         0         0         0         0         0         0
1959         0         0         0         0         0         0
1960         0         0         0         0         0         0
1961         0         0         0         0         0         0
1962         0         0         0         0         0         0
1963         0         0         0         0         0         0
1964         0         0         0         0         0         0
1965         0         0         0         0         0         0
1966         0         0         0         0         0         0
1967         0         0         0         0         0         0
1968         0         0         0         0         0         0
1969         0         0         0         0         0         0
1970         0         0         0         0         0         0
1971         0         0         0         0         0         0
1972         0         0         0         0         0         0
1973         0         0         0         0         0         0
1974         0         0         1         0         0         0
1975         0         0         0         0         0         0
1976         0         0         1         0         0         0
1977         0         0         0         0         1         0
1978         0         0         0         0         0         0
1979         0         0         0         0         0         0
1980         0         0         0         0         0         0
1981         0         0         0         0         0         0
1982         0         0         0         0         0         0
1983         0         0         0         0         0         0
1984         0         0         0         0         0         0
1985         0         0         0         0         0         0
1986         0         0         0         0         0         0
1987         0         0         0         0         0         0
1988         0         0         0         0         0         0
1989         0         0         0         0         0         0
1990         0         0         0         0         0         0
1991         0         0         0         0         0         0
1992         0         0         0         0         0         0
1993         0         0         0         0         0         0
1994         0         0         0         0         0         0
1995         0         0         0         0         0         0
1996         0         0         0         0         0         0
1997         0         0         0         0         0         0
1998         0         0         0         0         0         0
1999         0         0         0         0         0         0
2000         0         0         0         0         0         0
2001         0         0         0         0         0         0
2002         0         0         0         0         0         0
2003         0         0         0         0         0         0
2004         0         0         0         0         0         0
2005         0         0         0         0         0         0
2006         0         0         0         0         0         0
2007         0         0         0         0         0         0
2008         0         0         0         0         0         0
2009         0         0         0         0         0         0
Total      174         0         2         0       453         0

Year       11.1    11.1se      11.2    11.2se      11.3     11.3se

1940         0         0         0         0         0         0
1941         0         0         0         0         0         0
1942         0         0         0         0         0         0
1943         0         0         0         0         0         0
1944         0         0         0         0         0         0
1945         0         0         0         0         0         0
1946         0         0         0         0         0         0
1947         0         0         0         0         0         0
1948         0         0         0         0         0         0
1949         0         0         0         0         0         0
1950         0         0         0         0         0         0
1951         0         0         0         0         0         0
1952         0         0         0         0         0         0
1953         0         0         0         0         0         0
1954         0         0         0         0         0         0
1955         0         0         0         0         0         0
1956         0         0         0         0         0         0
1957         0         0         0         0         0         0
1958         0         0         0         0         0         0
1959         0         0         0         0         0         0
1960         0         0         0         0         0         0
1961         0         0         0         0         0         0
1962         0         0         0         0         0         0
1963         0         0         0         0         0         0
1964         0         0         0         0         0         0
1965         0         0         0         0         0         0
1966         0         0         0         0         0         0
1967         0         0         0         0         0         0
1968         0         0         0         0         0         0
1969         0         0         0         0         0         0
1970         0         0         0         0         0         0
1971         0         0         0         0         0         0
1972         0         0         0         0         0         0
1973         0         0         0         0         0         0
1974         0         0         0         0         0         0
1975         0         0         0         0         0         0
1976         0         0         0         0         0         0
1977         0         0         0         0         0         0
1978         0         0         0         0         0         0
1979         0         0         0         0         0         0
1980         0         0         0         0         0         0
1981         0         0         0         0         0         0
1982         0         0         0         0         0         0
1983         0         0         0         0         0         0
1984         0         0         0         0         0         0
1985         0         0         0         0         0         0
1986         0         0         0         0         0         0
1987         0         0         0         0         0         0
1988         0         0         0         0         0         0
1989         0         0         0         0         0         0
1990         0         0         0         0         0         0
1991         0         0         0         0         0         0
1992         0         0         0         0         0         0
1993         0         0         0         0         0         0
1994         0         0         0         0         0         0
1995         0         0         0         0         0         0
1996         0         0         0         0         0         0
1997         0         0         0         0         0         0
1998         0         0         0         0         0         0
1999         0         0         0         0         0         0
2000         0         0         0         0         0         0
2001         0         0         0         0         0         0
2002         0         0         0         0         0         0
2003         0         0         0         0         0         0
2004         0         0         0         0         0         0
2005         0         0         0         0         0         0
2006         0         0         0         0         0         0
2007         0         0         0         0         0         0
2008         0         0         0         0         0         0
2009         0         0         0         0         0         0
Total     2889       105      1787        93      1323        83

Year         3       3se         4       4se

1616         0         0         0         0
1617         0         0         0         0
1618         0         0         0         0
1619         0         0         0         0
1620         0         0         0         0
1621         0         0         0         0
1622         0         0         0         0
1623         0         0         0         0
1624         0         0         0         0
1625         0         0         0         0
1626         0         0         0         0
1627         0         0         0         0
1628         0         0         0         0
1629         0         0         0         0
1630         0         0         0         0
1631         0         0         0         0
1632         0         0         0         0
1633         0         0         0         0
1634         0         0         0         0
1635         0         0         0         0
1636         0         0         0         0
1637         0         0         0         0
1638         0         0         0         0
1639         0         0         0         0
1640         0         0         0         0
1641         0         0         0         0
1642         0         0         0         0
1643         0         0         0         0
1644         0         0         0         0
1645         0         0         0         0
1646         0         0         0         0
1647         0         0         0         0
1648         0         0         0         0
1649         0         0         0         0
1650         0         0         0         0
1651         0         0         0         0
1652         0         0         0         0
1653         0         0         0         0
1654         0         0         0         0
1655         0         0         0         0
1656         0         0         0         0
1657         0         0         0         0
1658         0         0         0         0
1659         0         0         0         0
1660         0         0         0         0
1661         0         0         0         0
1662         0         0         0         0
1663         0         0         0         0
1664         0         0         0         0
1665         0         0         0         0
1666         0         0         0         0
1667         0         0         0         0
1668         0         0         0         0
1669         0         0         0         0
1670         0         0         0         0
1671         0         0         0         0
1672         0         0         0         0
1673         0         0         0         0
1674         0         0         0         0
1675         0         0         0         0
1676         0         0         0         0
1677         0         0         0         0
1678         0         0         0         0
1679         0         0         0         0
1680         0         0         0         0
1681         0         0         0         0
1682         0         0         0         0
1683         0         0         0         0
1684         0         0         0         0
1685         0         0         0         0
1686         0         0         0         0
1687         0         0         0         0
1688         0         0         0         0
1689         0         0         0         0
1690         0         0         0         0
1691         0         0         0         0
1692         0         0         0         0
1693         0         0         0         0
1694         0         0         0         0
1695         0         0         0         0
1696         0         0         0         0

Year        12      12se        13       13s

1616         0         0         0         0
1617         0         0         0         0
1618         0         0         0         0
1619         0         0         0         0
1620         0         0         0         0
1621         0         0         0         0
1622         0         0         0         0
1623         0         0         0         0
1624         0         0         0         0
1625         0         0         0         0
1626         0         0         0         0
1627         0         0         0         0
1628         0         0         0         0
1629         0         0         0         0
1630         0         0         0         0
1631         0         0         0         0
1632         0         0         0         0
1633         0         0         0         0
1634         0         0         0         0
1635         0         0         0         0
1636         0         0         0         0
1637         0         0         0         0
1638         0         0         0         0
1639         0         0         0         0
1640         0         0         0         0
1641         0         0         0         0
1642         0         0         0         0
1643         0         0         0         0
1644         0         0         0         0
1645         0         0         0         0
1646         0         0         0         0
1647         0         0         0         0
1648         0         0         0         0
1649         0         0         0         0
1650         0         0         0         0
1651         0         0         0         0
1652         0         0         0         0
1653         0         0         0         0
1654         0         0         0         0
1655         0         0         0         0
1656         0         0         0         0
1657         0         0         0         0
1658         0         0         0         0
1659         0         0         0         0
1660         0         0         0         0
1661         0         0         0         0
1662         0         0         0         0
1663         0         0         0         0
1664         0         0         0         0
1665         0         0         0         0
1666         0         0         0         0
1667         0         0         0         0
1668         0         0         0         0
1669         0         0         0         0
1670         0         0         0         0
1671         0         0         0         0
1672         0         0         0         0
1673         0         0         0         0
1674         0         0         0         0
1675         0         0         0         0
1676         0         0         0         0
1677         0         0         0         0
1678         0         0         0         0
1679         0         0         0         0
1680         0         0         0         0
1681         0         0         0         0
1682         0         0         0         0
1683         0         0         0         0
1684         0         0         0         0
1685         0         0         0         0
1686         0         0         0         0
1687         0         0         0         0
1688         0         0         0         0
1689         0         0         0         0
1690         0         0         0         0
1691         0         0         0         0
1692         0         0         0         0
1693         0         0         0         0
1694         0         0         0         0
1695         0         0         0         0
1696         0         0         0         0

Year         3       3se         4       4se

1697         0         0         0         0
1698         0         0         0         0
1699         0         0         0         0
1700         0         0         0         0
1701         0         0         0         0
1702         0         0         0         0
1703         0         0         0         0
1704         0         0         0         0
1705         0         0         0         0
1706         0         0         0         0
1707         0         0         0         0
1708         0         0         0         0
1709         0         0         0         0
1710         0         0         0         0
1711         0         0         0         0
1712         0         0         0         0
1713         0         0         0         0
1714         0         0         0         0
1715         0         0         0         0
1716         0         0         0         0
1717         0         0         0         0
1718         0         0         0         0
1719         0         0         0         0
1720         0         0         0         0
1721         0         0         0         0
1722         0         0         0         0
1723         0         0         0         0
1724         0         0         0         0
1725         0         0         0         0
1726         0         0         0         0
1727         0         0         0         0
1728         0         0         0         0
1729         0         0         0         0
1730         0         0         0         0
1731         0         0         0         0
1732         0         0         0         0
1733         0         0         0         0
1734         0         0         0         0
1735         0         0         0         0
1736         0         0         0         0
1737         0         0         0         0
1738         0         0         0         0
1739         0         0         0         0
1740         0         0         0         0
1741         0         0         0         0
1742         0         0         0         0
1743         0         0         0         0
1744         0         0         0         0
1745         0         0         0         0
1746         0         0         0         0
1747         0         0         0         0
1748         0         0         0         0
1749         0         0         0         0
1750         3       3.2         0         0
1751         3       3.2         0         0
1752         3       3.2         0         0
1753         3       3.2         0         0
1754         3       3.2         0         0
1755         3       3.2         0         0
1756         3       3.2         0         0
1757         3       3.2         0         0
1758         3       3.2         0         0
1759         3       3.2         0         0
1760         3       3.2         0         0
1761         3       3.2         0         0
1762         3       3.2         0         0
1763         3       3.2         0         0
1764         3       3.2         0         0
1765         3       3.2         0         0
1766         3       3.2         0         0
1767         3       3.2         0         0
1768         3       3.2         0         0
1769         3       3.2         0         0
1770         3       3.2         0         0
1771         3       3.2         0         0
1772         3       3.2         0         0
1773         3       3.2         0         0
1774         3       3.2         0         0
1775         3       3.2         0         0
1776         3       3.2         0         0
1777         3       3.2         0         0

Year        12      12se        13       13s

1697         0         0         0         0
1698         0         0         0         0
1699         0         0         0         0
1700         0         0         0         0
1701         0         0         0         0
1702         0         0         0         0
1703         0         0         0         0
1704         0         0         0         0
1705         0         0         0         0
1706         0         0         0         0
1707         0         0         0         0
1708         0         0         0         0
1709         0         0         0         0
1710         0         0         0         0
1711         0         0         0         0
1712         0         0         0         0
1713         0         0         0         0
1714         0         0         0         0
1715         0         0         0         0
1716         0         0         0         0
1717         0         0         0         0
1718         0         0         0         0
1719         0         0         0         0
1720         0         0         0         0
1721         0         0         0         0
1722         0         0         0         0
1723         0         0         0         0
1724         0         0         0         0
1725         0         0         0         0
1726         0         0         0         0
1727         0         0         0         0
1728         0         0         0         0
1729         0         0         0         0
1730         0         0         0         0
1731         0         0         0         0
1732         0         0         0         0
1733         0         0         0         0
1734         0         0         0         0
1735         0         0         0         0
1736         0         0         0         0
1737         0         0         0         0
1738         0         0         0         0
1739         0         0         0         0
1740         0         0         0         0
1741         0         0         0         0
1742         0         0         0         0
1743         0         0         0         0
1744         0         0         0         0
1745         0         0         0         0
1746         0         0         0         0
1747         0         0         0         0
1748         0         0         0         0
1749         0         0         0         0
1750         0         0         0         0
1751         0         0         0         0
1752         0         0         0         0
1753         0         0         0         0
1754         0         0         0         0
1755         0         0         0         0
1756         0         0         0         0
1757         0         0         0         0
1758         0         0         0         0
1759         0         0         0         0
1760         0         0         0         0
1761         0         0         0         0
1762         0         0         0         0
1763         0         0         0         0
1764         0         0         0         0
1765         0         0         0         0
1766         0         0         0         0
1767         0         0         0         0
1768         0         0         0         0
1769         0         0         0         0
1770         0         0         0         0
1771         0         0         0         0
1772         0         0         0         0
1773         0         0         0         0
1774         0         0         0         0
1775         0         0         0         0
1776         0         0         0         0
1777         0         0         0         0

Year         3       3se         4       4se

1778         3       3.2         0         0
1779         3       3.2         0         0
1780         3       3.2         0         0
1781         3       3.2         0         0
1782         3       3.2         0         0
1783         3       3.2         0         0
1784         3       3.2         0         0
1785         3       3.2         0         0
1786         3       3.2         0         0
1787         3       3.2         0         0
1788         3       3.2         0         0
1789         3       3.2         0         0
1790         3       3.2         0         0
1791         3       3.2         0         0
1792         3       3.2         0         0
1793         3       3.2         0         0
1794         3       3.2         0         0
1795         3       3.2         0         0
1796         3       3.2         0         0
1797         3       3.2         0         0
1798         3       3.2         0         0
1799         3       3.2         0         0
1800         3       3.2         0         0
1801         1       0.3         0         0
1802         0         0         0         0
1803         1       0.3         0         0
1804         1       0.3         0         0
1805         1       0.3         0         0
1806        22       4.9         0         0
1807         1       0.3         0         0
1808         0         0         0         0
1809         1       0.3         0         0
1810         4       0.9         0         0
1811         1       0.3         0         0
1812         3       0.6         0         0
1813         1       0.3         0         0
1814         6       1.2         0         0
1815         0         0         0         0
1816         6       1.2         0         0
1817         0         0         0         0
1818         0         0         0         0
1819         0         0         0         0
1820        10       2.1         0         0
1821         3       3.2         0         0
1822         3       0.6         0         0
1823         3       3.2         0         0
1824         8       1.8         0         0
1825         3       3.2         0         0
1826         4       0.9         0         0
1827         3       3.2         0         0
1828         0         0         0         0
1829         3       3.2         0         0
1830         3       3.2         0         0
1831         3       3.2         0         0
1832         3       3.2         0         0
1833         3       3.2         0         0
1834         0         0         0         0
1835         3       3.2         0         0
1836         3       0.6         0         0
1837         3       3.2         0         0
1838         4       0.9         0         0
1839         3       3.2         0         0
1840         3       0.6         0         0
1841        31       6.7         0         0
1842         1       0.3         0         0
1843         3       3.2         0         0
1844        18         4         0         0
1845         3       3.2         0         0
1846         0         0         0         0
1847         3       3.2         0         0
1848         0         0         0         0
1849         3       3.2         0         0
1850         3       0.6         0         0
1851         3       3.2         0         0
1852         3       3.2         0         0
1853         3       3.2         0         0
1854         0         0         0         0
1855         3       3.2         0         0
1856         4       0.9         0         0
1857         3       3.2         0         0
1858         0         0         0         0

Year        12      12se        13      13se

1778         0         0         0         0
1779         0         0         0         0
1780         0         0         0         0
1781         0         0         0         0
1782         0         0         0         0
1783         0         0         0         0
1784         0         0         0         0
1785         0         0         0         0
1786         0         0         0         0
1787         0         0         0         0
1788         0         0         0         0
1789         0         0         0         0
1790         0         0         0         0
1791         0         0         0         0
1792         0         0         0         0
1793         0         0         0         0
1794         0         0         0         0
1795         0         0         0         0
1796         0         0         0         0
1797         0         0         0         0
1798         0         0         0         0
1799         0         0         0         0
1800         0         0         0         0
1801         0         0         0         0
1802         0         0         0         0
1803         0         0         0         0
1804         0         0         0         0
1805         0         0         0         0
1806         0         0         0         0
1807         0         0         0         0
1808         0         0         0         0
1809         0         0         0         0
1810         0         0         0         0
1811         0         0         0         0
1812         0         0         0         0
1813         0         0         0         0
1814         0         0         0         0
1815         0         0         0         0
1816         0         0         0         0
1817         0         0         0         0
1818         0         0         0         0
1819         0         0         0         0
1820         0         0         0         0
1821         0         0         0         0
1822         0         0         0         0
1823         0         0         0         0
1824         0         0         0         0
1825         0         0         0         0
1826         0         0         0         0
1827         0         0         0         0
1828         0         0         0         0
1829         0         0         0         0
1830         0         0         0         0
1831         0         0         0         0
1832         0         0         0         0
1833         0         0         0         0
1834         0         0         0         0
1835         0         0         0         0
1836         0         0         0         0
1837         0         0         0         0
1838         0         0         0         0
1839         0         0         0         0
1840         0         0         0         0
1841         0         0         0         0
1842         0         0         0         0
1843         0         0         0         0
1844         0         0         0         0
1845         0         0         0         0
1846         0         0         0         0
1847         0         0         0         0
1848         0         0         0         0
1849         0         0         0         0
1850         0         0         0         0
1851         0         0         0         0
1852         0         0         0         0
1853         0         0         0         0
1854        28      16.1         0         0
1855        28      16.1         0         0
1856        28      16.1         0         0
1857        28      16.1         0         0
1858        28      16.1         0         0

Year         3       3se         4       4se

1859         3       3.2         0         0
1860         0         0         0         0
1861         3       3.2         0         0
1862         0         0         0         0
1863         3       3.2         0         0
1864         0         0         0         0
1865         3       3.2         0         0
1866         0         0         0         0
1867         3       3.2         0         0
1868         0         0         0         0
1869         3       3.2         0         0
1870         4       0.9         0         0
1871         3       3.2         0         0
1872         7       1.5         0         0
1873         3       3.2         0         0
1874         1       0.3         0         0
1875         3       3.2         0         0
1876         3       0.6         0         0
1877         3       3.2         0         0
1878         1       0.3         0         0
1879         3       3.2         0         0
1880         0         0         0         0
1881         3       3.2         0         0
1882         1       0.3         0         0
1883         3       3.2         0         0
1884         3       3.2         0         0
1885         3       3.2         0         0
1886         8         0         0         0
1887         5         0         0         0
1888         5         0         0         0
1889         3         0         0         0
1890         0         0         0         0
1891         4         2         0         0
1892         3         0         0         0
1893         8         0         0         0
1894         9         0         0         0
1895         8         0         0         0
1896         3         0         0         0
1897         7         0         0         0
1898         3         0         0         0
1899         7         0         0         0
1900         9         0         0         0
1901         9         0         0         0
1902         9         0         0         0
1903         9         0         0         0
1904         9         0         0         0
1905         5         0         0         0
1906         5         0         0         0
1907         5         0         0         0
1908         5         0         0         0
1909         5         0         0         0
1910         3         0         0         0
1911         3         0         0         0
1912         3         0         0         0
1913         3         0         0         0
1914         3         0         0         0
1915         2         0         0         0
1916         2         0         0         0
1917         2         0         0         0
1918         2         0         0         0
1919         2         0         0         0
1920         0         0         0         0
1921         0         0         0         0
1922         0         0         0         0
1923         0         0         0         0
1924         0         0        10         0
1925         0         0         8         0
1926         0         0        12         0
1927         0         0         9         0
1928         0         0         9         0
1929         0         0         9         0
1930         0         0         6         0
1931         0         0         4         0
1932         0         0         4         0
1933         0         0         1         0
1934         0         0         2         0
1935         0         0         6         0
1936         0         0         5         0
1937         0         0         4         0
1938         0         0         1         0
1939         0         0         2         0

Year        12      12se        13      13se

1859        28      16.1         0         0
1860        28      16.1         0         0
1861        28      16.1         0         0
1862        28      16.1         0         0
1863        28      16.1         0         0
1864        28      16.1         0         0
1865        28      16.1         0         0
1866        28      16.1         0         0
1867        28      16.1         0         0
1868        28      16.1         0         0
1869        28      16.1         0         0
1870        28      16.1         0         0
1871        28      16.1         0         0
1872        28      16.1         0         0
1873        28      16.1         0         0
1874        28      16.1         0         0
1875        28      16.1         0         0
1876        28      16.1         0         0
1877        28      16.1         0         0
1878        28      16.1         0         0
1879        28      16.1         0         0
1880        28      16.1         0         0
1881        28      16.1         0         0
1882        28      16.1         0         0
1883        28      16.1         0         0
1884        28      16.1         0         0
1885        28      16.1         0         0
1886        28      16.1         0         0
1887        28      16.1         0         0
1888        28      16.1         0         0
1889        28      16.1         0         0
1890        28      16.1         0         0
1891        28      16.1         0         0
1892        28      16.1         0         0
1893        28      16.1         0         0
1894        28      16.1         0         0
1895        28      16.1         0         0
1896        28      16.1         0         0
1897        28      16.1         0         0
1898        28      16.1         0         0
1899        28      16.1         0         0
1900        28      16.1         0         0
1901         0         0         0         0
1902         0         0         0         0
1903         0         0         0         0
1904         0         0         0         0
1905         0         0         0         0
1906         0         0         0         0
1907         0         0         0         0
1908         0         0         0         0
1909         0         0         0         0
1910         0         0         0         0
1911         0         0         0         0
1912         0         0         0         0
1913         0         0         0         0
1914         0         0         0         0
1915         0         0         0         0
1916         0         0         0         0
1917         0         0         0         0
1918         0         0         0         0
1919         0         0         0         0
1920         0         0         0         0
1921         0         0         0         0
1922         0         0         0         0
1923         0         0         0         0
1924         0         0         0         0
1925         0         0         0         0
1926         0         0         0         0
1927         0         0         0         0
1928         0         0         0         0
1929         0         0         0         0
1930         0         0         0         0
1931         0         0         0         0
1932         0         0         0         0
1933         0         0         0         0
1934         0         0         0         0
1935         0         0         0         0
1936         0         0         0         0
1937         0         0         0         0
1938         0         0         0         0
1939         0         0         0         0

Year         3       3se         4       4se

1940         0         0         0         0
1941         0         0         0         0
1942         0         0         0         0
1943         0         0         0         0
1944         0         0         0         0
1945         0         0         0         0
1946         0         0         4         0
1947         0         0         5         0
1948         0         0         1         0
1949         0         0         2         0
1950         0         0         3         0
1951         0         0         5         0
1952         0         0         0         0
1953         0         0         1         0
1954         0         0         0         0
1955         0         0         0         0
1956         0         0         0         0
1957         0         0         0         0
1958         0         0         0         0
1959         0         0         0         0
1960         0         0         1         0
1961         0         0         1         0
1962         0         0         2         0
1963         0         0         0         0
1964         0         0         0         0
1965         0         0         1         0
1966         0         0         4         0
1967         0         0         4         0
1968         0         0         5         0
1969         0         0         3         0
1970         0         0         0         0
1971         0         0         4         0
1972         0         0         3         0
1973         0         0        11         0
1974         0         0         9         0
1975         0         0         9         0
1976         0         0         9         0
1977         0         0        16         0
1978         0         0        23         0
1979         0         0        14         0
1980         0         0        15         0
1981         0         0        12         0
1982         0         0        12         0
1983         0         0        15         0
1984         0         0        15         0
1985         0         0         8         0
1986         0         0         0         0
1987         0         0         0         0
1988         0         0         1         0
1989         0         0         2         0
1990         0         0         1         0
1991         0         0         1         0
1992         0         0         1         0
1993         0         0         0         0
1994         0         0         1         0
1995         0         0         0         0
1996         0         0         0         0
1997         0         0         0         0
1998         0         0         0         0
1999         0         0         0         0
2000         0         0         0         0
2001         0         0         4         0
2002         0         0         0         0
2003         0         0         1         0
2004         0         0         1         0
2005         0         0         0         0
2006         0         0         1         0
2007         0         0         0         0
2008         0         0         0         0
2009         0         0         0         0
Total      587        32       323         0

Year         12     12se        13      13se

1940         0         0         0         0
1941         0         0         0         0
1942         0         0         0         0
1943         0         0         0         0
1944         0         0         0         0
1945         0         0         0         0
1946         0         0         0         0
1947         0         0         0         0
1948         0         0         0         0
1949         0         0         0         0
1950         0         0         0         0
1951         0         0         0         0
1952         0         0         0         0
1953         0         0         0         0
1954         0         0         0         0
1955         0         0         0         0
1956         0         0         0         0
1957         0         0         1         0
1958         0         0         0         0
1959         0         0         0         0
1960         0         0         0         0
1961         0         0         4         0
1962         0         0         0         0
1963         0         0         0         0
1964         0         0         0         0
1965         0         0         0         0
1966         0         0         0         0
1967         0         0         0         0
1968         0         0         0         0
1969         0         0         0         0
1970         0         0         0         0
1971         0         0         0         0
1972         0         0         0         0
1973         0         0         0         0
1974         0         0         0         0
1975         0         0         0         0
1976         0         0         0         0
1977         0         0         0         0
1978         0         0         0         0
1979         0         0         0         0
1980         0         0         0         0
1981         0         0         0         0
1982         0         0         0         0
1983         0         0         0         0
1984         0         0         0         0
1985         0         0         0         0
1986         0         0         0         0
1987         0         0         0         0
1988         0         0         0         0
1989         0         0         0         0
1990         0         0         0         0
1991         0         0         0         0
1992         0         0         0         0
1993         0         0         0         0
1994         0         0         0         0
1995         0         0         0         0
1996         0         0         0         0
1997         0         0         0         0
1998         0         0         0         0
1999         0         0         0         0
2000         0         0         0         0
2001         0         0         0         0
2002         0         0         0         0
2003         0         0         0         0
2004         0         0         0         0
2005         0         0         0         0
2006         0         0         0         0
2007         0         0         0         0
2008         0         0         0         0
2009         0         0         0         0
Total     1316       110         5         0

Appendix 3.--For 163 voyages by vessels in the American Non-
mechanized Offshore fishery (Fishery 11), the vessel name, voyage
identification number (VID; Lund et al., 2010), year the voyage
began (Year), area whaled (CVI, WI, Other), and number of
humpback whales tried out (i.e. Landed).

Vessel                 VID      Year      Area     Landed

A. L. Putnam            16      1866      CVI         0
A. R. Tucker            48      1868      CVI         6
Adeline Gibbs          272      1875      Other       0
Adeline Gibbs          273      1878      Other       0
Admiral Blake          277      1868      Other       0
Admiral Blake          305      1865      CVI         6
Agate                  344      1869      WI         13
Agate                  345      1871      WI         10
Agate                  346      1872      WI         10
Albert Clarence        393      1868      CVI         4
Alcyone                435      1890      WI          2
Alice Knowles          555      1883      Other       0
Alleghania             616      1868      WI          1
Alleghania             617      1869      WI          3
Alleghania             618      1870      WI          0
Amelia                 776      1877      WI          1
Andrew Hicks           905      1881      Other       0
Ann Maria             1014      1837      CVI         0
Annawan               1044      1836      WI          1
Annawan II            1059      1859      WI          2
Ansel Gibbs           1087      1867      Other       0
Ansel Gibbs           1089      1869      Other       0
Arthur Clifford       1267      1866      WI          7
Arthur Clifford       1268      1867      WI          7
Arthur Clifford       1269      1867      WI          5
Arthur Clifford       1270      1868      WI         10
Attleboro             1402      1880      Other       0
Aurora                1423      1884      WI          3
Benjamin Franklin     1760      1866      Other       0
By Chance             2118      1826      CVI         2
Catalpa               2446      1875      Other       0
Charles H. Cook       2679      1867      Other       0
Charles W. Morgan     2721      1867      WI          1
Charles W. Morgan     2724      1878      Other       0
Cicero                2886      1870      WI          8
Cicero                2889      1879      Other       0
Clara L. Sparks       2920      1876      CVI         5
Clara L. Sparks       2921      1878      Other       0
Clara L. Sparks       2922      1879      WI          0
Clarice               2932      1875      Other       0
Cornelia              3394      1866      Other       0
David A. Small        3621      1875      Other       0
David A. Small        3627      1886      WI         17
Desdemona             3715      1873      Other       0
Desdemona             3716      1876      Other       0
Draco                 3835      1866      Other       0
Draco                 3836      1868      Other       0
Draco                 3837      1872      Other       0
Draco                 3839      1878      Other       0
E. H. Hatfield        3915      1880      CVI         1
E. H. Hatfield        3919      1861      CVI         8
E. H. Hatfield        3923      1865      CVI         0
E. H. Hatfield        3924      1867      Other       0
E. H. Hatfield        3931      1876      WI          1
E. H. Hatfield        3932      1876      CVI         1
E. Nickerson          3937      1850      CVI         2
Edith May             3998      1867      Other       0
Eleanor B. Conwell    4069      1880      Other       0
Eleanor B. Conwell    4071      1884      Other       0
Eleanor B. Conwell    4072      1885      Other       0
Eleanor B. Conwell    4073      1885      Other       0
Ellen Rizpah          4311      1875      WI          8
Emma Jane             4446      1879      Other       0
Emma Jane             4448      1882      Other       0
Eschol                4599      1869      Other       0
Eschol                4600      1871      WI          2
Eschol                4601      1873      Other       0
Eunice H. Adams       4664      1885      CVI         3
Exchange              4726      1847      Other       1
Express               4757      1878      CVI         8
F. H. Moore           4767      1868      WI          1
Falcon                4837      1865      Other       0
Frank Bunchinia       5195      1856      CVI         1
Franklin              5236      1880      Other       0
Franklin              5238      1883      WI          7
Franklin              5240      1885      WI         13
Gage H. Phillips      5347      1878      Other       0
Gage H. Phillips      5348      1881      Other       0
George and Mary       5620      1877      Other       0
Golden City           5847      1878      Other       0
Golden City           5848      1880      Other       0
Golden City           5850      1881      Other       0
Golden City           5851      1882      CVI         9
Greyhound             6019      1885      Other       0
Greyhound             6022      1898      WI          1
Henry Taber           6445      1866      Other       0
Homer                 6720      1855      CVI         1
Hope On               6787      1881      Other       0
Industry              7074      1828      WI          1
J. Taylor             7222      1866      WI         10
J. Taylor             7223      1867      WI          3
Janet                 7356      1875      Other       0
Janet                 7357      1877      Other       0
Lizzie P. Simmons     8513      1868      Other       0
Lottie E. Cook        8564      1885      Other       0
Louisa                8587      1878      Other       0
Mattapoisett          9465      1866      Other       0
Mattapoisett          9467      1871      Other       0
Merlin                9625      1881      Other       0
Mermaid               9630      1880      Other       0
Mermaid               9632      1883      Other       0
Nellie F. Putnam      10346     1867      WI          0
Nellie F. Putnam      10347     1868      WI          8
Nellie F. Putnam      10348     1869      CVI         6
Ohio                  17040     1872      WI          0
Ohio II               10799     1875      Other       0
Osceola III           11052     1865      CVI         2
Osceola III           11053     1866      Other       0
Ospray                11073     1868      Other       0
Ospray                11077     1877      Other       0
Pacific               11150     1865      Other       0
Pacific               11151     1867      WI          1
Pacific               11152     1868      Other       0
Pearl Nelson          11347     1896      CVI         2
Pedro Varela          11352     1881      Other       0
Pedro Varela          11354     1885      Other       0
Perry                 11410     1874      CVI         3
Perry                 11411     1877      Other       0
Petrel                11476     1865      CVI         3
Pioneer               11691     1877      Other       0
President             11930     1875      Other       0
President II          11962     1875      Other       0
Quickstep             12017     1871      Other       0
Quickstep             12018     1873      CVI         1
Quito                 12040     1842      WI          2
Rainbow               12078     1866      WI          4
Rainbow               12079     1867      Other       0
Rainbow               12081     1869      Other       0
Rising Sun            12367     1875      WI          2
Rising Sun            12369     1877      WI          3
Rising Sun            12370     1878      WI          2
Rising Sun            12372     1879      WI          0
Rising Sun            12373     1879      WI          5
Rising Sun            12375     1881      Other       0
Rising Sun            12377     1883      WI         14
Rising Sun            17019     1876      WI          5
S. R. Soper           12702     1865      Other       0
Sarah                 12877     1873      Other       0
Sarah                 12878     1876      Other       0
Sarah B. Hale         12891     1877      Other       0
Sea Ranger            13071     1876      Other       0
Solon                 13217     1865      CVI         3
Stafford              13384     1865      CVI         5
Star Castle           13421     1867      WI          9
Tamerlane             13700     1877      Other       0
Triton                14088     1868      Other       0
Tropic Bird           14134     1867      Other       0
Tropic Bird           14136     1876      Other       0
Tropic Bird           14137     1878      Other       0
Union                 14277     1874      Other       0
Union                 14278     1875      Other       0
Union                 14283     1882      WI          7
Vigilant              15164     1865      Other       0
Walter Irving         15268     1865      CVI         2
Washington            15357     1858      WI          2
Washington Freeman    15402     1868      CVI         2
Wave                  15452     1867      Other       0
Wave                  15455     1871      Other       0
Wave                  15456     1874      Other       0
Wave                  15457     1876      Other       0
William A. Grozier    15525     1866      WI          2
Willis                15784     1861      CVI         4
Winged Racer          15804     1868      WI          4


Table 1.--North Atlantic fisheries and sub-fisheries that took
(or may have taken) humpback whales, following Reeves and Smith
(2002), showing the numbering system used and the corresponding
Eras and Operations, following Reeves and Smith (2006).

Fishery                   Subfishery             Era        Operation

1. Norwegian          1. N. Norway         Norwegian-           83
mechanized shore                           StyleShore
                      2. W. Norway                              83
                      3. Svalbard                               83
                      4. Iceland                                77
                      5. Faroes                                 73
                      6. British Isles                          76
                      7. Newfoundland                           69
                      8. Gulf of St.                            69
                         Lawrence
                      9. Nova Scotia                            69
                      10. Grenada                               83
                      11. Spain-Portugal                        86, 90

2. Norwegian                               Factory Ship         99, 101
mechanized offshore

3. Greenland                               Arctic                9
nonmechanized shore                        Aboriginal

4. Greenland                               Norwegian-style      72
mechanized shore                           Shore

5. Canada                                  American-style       52
nonmechanized                              Offshore
coastal                                    (Pelagic)

6. Canada                                  American-style       52
nonmechanized                              Offshore
offshore                                   (Pelagic)

7. American                                American-style       46
nonmechanized shore                        Shore

8. American                                American-style       64
mechanized coastal                         Offshore
                                           (Pelagic)

9. Bermuda                                 American-style       30
nonmechanized shore                        Shore

10. West Indies       1. Barbados          American-style       48
nonmechanized shore                          Shore
                      2. St. Vincent and   American-style       48
                         the Grenadines      Shore
                      3. Grenada           American-style       48
                                             Shore
                      4. Trinidad          American-style       48
                                             Shore
                      5. St. Lucia         American-style       48
                                             Shore
                      6. Turks and Caicos  American-style       48
                                             Shore
11. American          1. West Indies       American-style       64
nonmechanized         2. Cape Verde Is.      Offshore
offshore                                     (Pelagic)
                      3. Other areas       American-style       64
                                             Offshore
                                             (Pelagic)
                                           American-style       64
                                             Offshore
                                             (Pelagic)
12. Cape                                   American-style       18
Verde Islands                                Shore
nonmechanized shore                        American-style       35
                                             Shore
13. Madeira
nonmechanized shore

Table 2.--Total humpback whales reported as tried out (i.e.
"landed"); numbers reported as struck but not tried out, in 4
categories: killed, escaped carrying gear, escaped after the
harpoon drew, and escaped in unknown circumstances; proportion
of all killed whales that were lost (PL, with standard error);
and loss rate factor (LFR, with standard error). Data are from 50
voyages.

Tried    Killed   Carrying   Harpoon   Unknown    PL    [SE.sub.pl]
Out                 Gear      Drew

226        61        47        39        64      0.41      0.025

Tried    LRF    [SE.sub.lrf]
Out

226      1.71      0.073

Table 3.--For all North Atlantic humpback whale fisheries and
sub-fisheries (numbered as in Table 1, with abbreviated names),
with non-zero estimates of landings, years whal-ing started
(Yr.s) and ended (Yr.e), number of years operating (Yrs),
estimated landings (L) with standard error (SE(L)), percent of
total North Atlantic landings (%L), estimated removals (R) with
standard error (SE(R)), and percent of total North Atlantic
removals (% R).

Fishery             Yr.s      Yr.e       Yrs        L       SE(L)

1.1 NMS.NN          1864      1955        91     1,793         1
1.2 NMS.WN          1926      1950        24        13         0
1.3 NMS.S           1903      1926        23        54         1
1.4 NMS.I           1884      1954        70     2,200         5
1.5 NMS.F           1894      1964        70       737        24
1.6 NMS.BI          1903      1929        26        77         0
1.7 NMS.NF          1898      1971        73     1,593         6
1.9 NMS.NS          1969      1971         2         7         0
1.10 NMS.G          1925      1926         1       174         0
1.11 NMS.SP         1974      1976         2         2         0
2 NMO               1922      1977        55       453         0
3 GNMS              1750      1923       173       619        31
4 GMS               1924      2006        82       323         0
6 CNMO              1804      1888        84     1,401        34
7 ANMS              1805      1885        80       564        29
8 AMC               1883      1896        13       301        21
9 BNMS              1616      1942       326     1,497        50
10.1 WINMS.B        1868      1910        42       321         4
10.2 WINMS.SG       1878      2008       130       941        12
10.3 WINMS.G        1859      1924        65       271         5
10.4 WINMS.T        1826      1867        41       675        14
10.6 WINMS.TC       1846      1885        39       120        13
11.1 ANMO.WI        1850      1885        35     2,888       105
11.2 ANMO.CVI       1850      1885        35     1,787        93
11.3 ANMO.OA        1750      1900       150     1,323        83
12 CVINMS           1854      1900        46     1,337       110
13 MNMS             1957      1961         4         5         0
All Fisheries                                   21,476       214

Fishery              %L         R       SE(R)      %R

1.1 NMS.NN           8.3     1,827         5       5.9
1.2 NMS.WN           0.1        13         0       0.0
1.3 NMS.S            0.3        55         1       0.2
1.4 NMS.I           10.2     2,242         8       7.3
1.5 NMS.F            3.4       751        25       2.4
1.6 NMS.BI           0.4        78         0       0.3
1.7 NMS.NF           7.4     1,623         8       5.3
1.9 NMS.NS           0.0         7         0       0.0
1.10 NMS.G           0.8       177         0       0.6
1.11 NMS.SP          0.0         2         0       0.0
2 NMO                2.1       462         1       1.5
3 GNMS               2.9       953       136       3.1
4 GMS                1.5       329         1       1.1
6 CNMO               6.5     2,158       292       7.0
7 ANMS               2.6       869       124       2.8
8 AMC                1.4       464        70       1.5
9 BNMS               7.0     2,305       317       7.5
10.1 WINMS.B         1.5       549        24       1.8
10.2 WINMS.SG        4.4     1,609        72       5.2
10.3 WINMS.G         1.3       463        22       1.5
10.4 WINMS.T         3.1     1,154        55       3.7
10.6 WINMS.TC        0.6       205        24       0.7
11.1 ANMO.WI        13.4     4,938       277      16.0
11.2 ANMO.CVI        8.3     3,056       206       9.9
11.3 ANMO.OA         6.2     2,262       172       7.3
12 CVINMS            6.2     2,286       212       7.4
13 MNMS              0.0         5         0       0.0
All Fisheries        100    30,842       655       100

Table 4.--Humpback whales landed by the Greenland Non-mechanized Shore
Fishery (Fishery 3) based on the read sample of Danish colonial
"Daybooks" (Poulsen, text footnote 2).

Year     Humpbacks      Year      Humpbacks     Year     Humpbacks

1774         0          1808          0         1826         3
1787         0          1809          1         1828         0
1788         0          1810          3         1834         0
1789         0          1811          1         1836         2
1790         0          1812          2         1838         3
1794         0          1813          1         1840         2
1799         0          1814          4         1842         1
1800         0          1815          0         1844         1
1801         1          1816          4         1846         0
1802         0          1817          0         1848         0
1803         1          1818          0         1850         2
1804         1          1819          0         1854         0
1805         1          1820          7         1856         3
1806        16          1822          2         1858         0
1807         1          1824          6         1860         0

Year     Humpbacks

1862         0
1864         0
1866         0
1868         0
1870         3
1872         5
1874         1
1876         2
1878         1
1880         0
1882         1
1886         3

Table 5.--Information on Bermuda Non-mechanized Shore Whaling (Fishery
9) supplemental to that in Reeves et al. (2006: Table 2), by year or
other time period, obtained from the Bermuda Blue Books (BB), Bermuda
newspapers (RG = Royal Gazette, BH = Bermuda Herald), and published
sources.

Year or Period     Information                      Source

1723               "A typical year in terms of      Romero, 2007
                   whaling," 5,792 gal of whale
                   oil, worth 600 [pounds
                   sterling], exported to London,
                   Liverpool, and Barbados.

1734               7 or 8 boats belonging to 2      Romero, 2007
                   whaling companies actively
                   whaling near the islands.

1735               11 whales landed.                Romero, 2007

1736               8 whales landed.                 Romero, 2007

1744               No catch.                        Romero, 2007

1759               2 companies active, one of       Romero, 2007
                   them deploying 3 boats.

1767               2 whales taken in 31 days of     Romero, 2006
                   whaling.

1768               1 whale taken in 23 days of      Romero, 2006
                   whaling.

1769               1 whale taken (a "young bone     Romero, 2006
                   whale," 29 bbl, possibly a
                   right whale) in 31 days of
                   whaling.

1st wk May 1839    3 "fine" whales taken, 2 at      RG, 7 May 1839
                   Port Royal, 1 at Devonshire
                   (assisted by East End boats).

21 May 1839        Sperm whale taken at             RG, 28 May 1839
                   Devonshire, first taken by
                   Bermuda shore whalers "for
                   many years"; 40 ft, produced 1
                   8-20 bbl sperm oil and 40 bbl
                   "common" oil.

May 1839           Newspaper advertisement,         RG, 28 May 1839
                   Bermuda Yard requesting 150
                   imp. gal. whale oil, ready to
                   pay 4 s., 2 d. per gal.

June 1839          Statement referring to demands   RG, 18 June 1839
                   against whaling establishment
                   at Southampton, calling for a
                   settlement. The "Number of
                   Barrels of Oil, advertised in
                   the Bermudian [on 8 June], it
                   is a mistake, no such number
                   of barrels is on hand."

12 May 1840        Sperm whale ("very fine", 70     RG, 19 May 1840
                   ft) taken at Tucker's Town;
                   would have been worth 1,000
                   [pounds sterling] but the
                   whalers did not have what they
                   needed to process it properly.

June 1840          Advertisements, Bermuda Yard     RG, 9 June 1840
                   requesting 250 imp. gal. whale
                   oil at 4 s., 2 d. per gal.;
                   Commissariat Magazines, St.
                   Georges, requesting 240 imp.
                   gal. of "lamp oil" at same
                   price.

March 1841         Newspaper advertisement to       RG, 23 March 1841
                   sell "A Whale-Boat, with a Set
                   of Warps, Irons and Lances."

30 March 1841      Whale taken at St. David's       RG, 6 April 1841
                   Island.

13-20 April 1841   6 whales taken, 4 at St.         RG, 20 April 1841
                   David's Island, 1 at Tucker's
                   Town, 1 at Port Royal.

21-27 April 1841   4 whales taken, 2 at Somerset,   RG, 27 April 1841
                   1 at St. David's Island, 1 at
                   Tucker's Town.

1-10 May 1841      A "large" whale taken at St.     RG, 11 May 1841
                   David's Island.

11 May 1841        A whale taken at St. David's.    RG, 18 May 1841

April 1842         4 "distinct Establishments"      RG, 5 April 1842
                   active in shore whaling:
                   Smith's Island, St. David's
                   Island, Tucker's Town, Port
                   Royal

26 March 1842      First whale of year taken at     RG, 5 April 1842
                   St. David's, expected to yield
                   "upwards of 30 bbl."

7, 11 April 1842   2 whales taken at Port Royal     RG, 12 April 1842
                   (a "small" one on 7 April).

11 May 1842        2 whales "of the description,    RG, 17 May 1842
                   known as Cape Whales [i.e.
                   likely Nordcapers or right
                   whales]" taken at St. David's,
                   one of them "unusually large."

13 May 1842        Whale taken at Somerset.         RG, 17 May 1842

3 April 1843       First whale of year taken at     RG, 4 April 1843
                   St. David's, a "fine large
                   old" one.

11-16 May 1843     4 whales taken, 2 at Tucker's    RG, 16 May 1843
                   Town, 1 at Somerset, 1 at Port
                   Royal.

May 1843           More newspaper advertisements    RG, 30 May 1843
                   requesting whale oil--Bermuda
                   Yard (250 imp. gal.), Convict
                   Establishment (1,200 imp.
                   gal.), Commissariat (356 imp.
                   gal.), prices quoted as either
                   4 s. 2 d. or 50 dollars per
                   gal.

Late March to      2 whales taken, an "old" one     RG, 2 April 1844
2 April 1844       at Tucker's Town, a "young"
                   one at Somerset.

9-16 April 1844    3 whales taken, 1 at Smith's     RG, 16 April 1844
                   Island, 2 at St. David's.

16-23 April 1844   5 whales taken, 1 at Somerset,   RG, 23 April 1844
                   2 at Tucker's Town (expected
                   to yield 70 bbl), 2 at St.
                   David's.

23-30 April 1844   3 whales taken, 2 at Port        RG, 30 April 1844
                   Royal, 1 at St. David's.

7-14 May 1844      3 whales taken, 2 at Smith's     RG, 7 May 1844
                   Island, 1 at Tucker's Town.

14-21 May 1844     1 whale taken, Smith's Island.   RG, 21 May 1844

May 1844           Newspaper advertisement          RG, 23 May 1844
                   requesting 356 imp. gal. whale
                   oil at Commissariat.

24 March 1845      First whale of season taken at   RG, 25 March 1845
                   St. David's. 5 whaling
                   establishments active:
                   Somerset, Port Royal, Tucker's
                   Town, 2 at East End.

March 1845         Report from London House of      RG, 25 March 1845
                   Commons (per Royal Exchange,
                   London, 3 March 1845): "Duties
                   are to cease on the following
                   imports after the dates
                   mentioned: Spermaceti Jany 1
                   1849; Train Oil, or Blubber of
                   Foreign Fishing, Jany 1847;
                   Sperm Oil of Foreign Fishing
                   Jany 1 1849; Whales Fins of
                   Foreign Taking and not
                   prohibited Jany 1 1849."

30 March 1845      Whale (47 ft, expected to        RG, 3 April 1845
                   yield 40 bbl) taken at Port
                   Royal; another struck but
                   lost.

15-22 April 1845   2 whales taken, 1 at Smith's     RG, 22 April 1845
                   Island, 1 at Tucker's Town.

29 April-          4 whales taken, 2 at Smith's     RG, 6 May 1845
6 May 1845         Island, 1 at St. David's, 1 at
                   Tucker's Town.

12 May 1845        2 whales taken at Port Royal,    RG, 13 May 1845
                   the "old" one was "brought in,
                   the young one was moored off;
                   another whale taken at
                   Somerset.

9 June 1845        A sperm whale in a "large        RG, 17 June 1845
                   shoal" was struck and lanced
                   off Tucker's Town, boat stove
                   and line cut, whale escaped
                   with "two spears and several
                   lances fast in him." "Sperm
                   Whales are not often seen near
                   these Islands: the last one
                   captured, we believe, was by
                   the Smiths ... about three
                   years ago."

June 1845          Newspaper advertisement          RG, 18 June 1845
                   requesting 400 imp. gal. whale
                   oil for Naval Storekeeper at
                   Bermuda Yard, offering 4 s. 2
                   d. per gal.

24 March 1846      Boats are "quite prepared, and   RG, 24 March1846
                   will go out as soon as the
                   weather moderates. As yet
                   there have been but few whales
                   seen in this neighbourhood."

Early April 1846   No whales taken through 7        RG, 7 April 1846
                   April but 2 struck and lost: 1
                   at St. David's escaped "taking
                   the harpoon and warp with it,"
                   1 at Tucker's Town "taking
                   with it the Harpoon, and most
                   of the warp."

8-11 April 1846    2 "fine" whales taken, one at    RG, 14 April 1846
                   Somerset, one at Tucker's
                   Town. Also, a harpooner at St.
                   David's was killed while
                   trying to harpoon a whale.

2nd week of May    3 whales taken, 1 at Somerset,   RG, 12 May 1846
1846               1 at Port Royal, 1 at St.
                   David's.

6 June 1846        Sperm whale (72 bbl) taken       RG, 16 June1846
                   "off the lighthouse" by a
                   Nantucket brig; St. George's
                   crew planning to go out
                   whaling.

30 June 1846       3 American vessels (schooner,    RG, 30 June 1846
                   brig, ship) seen whaling off
                   Bermuda, writer complains that
                   Bermudians should learn by
                   observing as they use line
                   "unnecessarily thick, whilst
                   the length is much too short"
                   (meaning they have to cut the
                   line and lose the whale too
                   often).

1 April 1847       First whale of season taken at   RG, 6 April 1847
                   St. David's.

9 April 1847       2 whales taken off East End,     RG, 13 April 1847
                   but the long towing distance
                   and fresh winds meant that
                   "the sharks attacked the
                   carcasses, and so destroyed
                   them that the boats eventually
                   cast them off."

10 April 1847      A whale struck but crew "was     RG, 13 April 1847
                   obliged to cut the warp, the
                   boat being nearly swamped by
                   the whale."

14 April 1847      2 whales taken at Tucker's       RG, 20 April 1847
                   Town; a third whale picked up
                   dead by St. David's crew who
                   expected to produce 10 bbl
                   from the carcass.

15, 17 April       2 whales taken at St. David's.   RG, 20 April 1847
1847

22 June 1847       3 American whaling vessels       RG, 22 June 1847
                   (schooner, brig, ship) seen
                   cruising near the islands for
                   the past 2-3 weeks, the brig
                   "clean," the schooner having
                   taken 4 whales.

8 April 1848       A whale taken at Tucker's        RG, 11 April 1848
                   Town.

By 5 May 1848      6 whales taken thus far in       BH, 5 May 1848
                   season, 5 at East End, 1 at
                   Somerset.

20 April 1849      A "fine" (40 bbl) whale found    RG, 24 April 1849;
                   in a West End channel,           BH, 26 April 1849
                   apparently stranded; tried out
                   at Somerset.

23 April 1849      2 whales (young and old) taken   RG, 24 April 1849;
                   at St. David's.                  BH, 26 April 1849

4 May 1849         A whale taken at St. David's--   RG, 8 May 1849;
                   the third of the season          BH, 10 May 1849
                   there.

1 June 1849        A sperm whale found dead near    RG, 5 June 1849
                   Port Royal whaling station, a
                   third of it destroyed by
                   sharks so expected yield only
                   25-30 bbl.

mid-March 1850     2 American steersmen and 2       BH, 14 March 1850
                   harpooners arrived to assist
                   the Whaling Company in the
                   upcoming season.

2 April 1850       A "black whale" taken at         RG, 9 April 1850
                   Tucker's Town, expected to
                   give a "fair return.' Judging
                   by the context of the article,
                   which refers to signaling
                   procedures and mentions "the
                   Black or common Whale," the
                   implication is that this meant
                   the humpback, as opposed to
                   the sperm.

9 April 1850       For a month the schooner         RG, 9 April 1850
                   Brilliant of Bermuda had been
                   trying to whale but stormy
                   weather had repeatedly forced
                   it to "make a harbour."

10 April 1850      A whale taken at Smith's         RG, 16 April 1850;
                   Island; "... but the second      BH, 11 April 1850
                   one taken this season-though
                   the outfit exceeds that of any
                   previous year."

24, 29 April       3 whales taken, 1 at Tucker's    RG, 30 April 1850
1850               Town and 2 at Smith's Island.

1st week of May    3 whales taken, 2 at Smith's     RG, 7 May 1850
1850               Island, 1 at Tucker's Town.

4 June 1850        Bermuda Whaling Company "have    RG, 4 June 1850
                   been wholly unsuccessful in
                   their experiment of employing
                   a vessel to cruise around the
                   Island in search of whales,
                   instead of pursuing the old
                   plan of having an
                   Establishment on shore. They
                   have not taken a single
                   Whale." The shareholders
                   decided to abandon the
                   project, the Brilliant was
                   brought in and stripped of
                   gear, and the boats were
                   hauled up.

25 March 1851      Boats from Bermuda Whaling       RG, 25 March 1851
                   Company have been out "for
                   some days," but no whales
                   taken. Other boats out from
                   the Ferry, Tucker's Town, St.
                   David's, Smith's Island,
                   Somerset.

1st week of        2 whales taken, 1 at the         RG, 8 April 1851
April 1851         Ferry, 1 at Port Royal, both
                   expected to yield 30 bbl.
                   "These being the first taken
                   this season, the demand for
                   the flesh was very great."
                   Within 4 hr from the start of
                   cutting, everything was gone.
                   "The flesh of it is said to
                   have been very delicate and
                   sweet. The good resulting
                   among the poor people form the
                   capture of a whale is
                   incalculable."

9 April 1851       Third whale of season taken at   BH, 10 April 1851
                   St. David's.

Mid April 1851     4 whales taken at Tucker's       RG, 15 April 1851;
                   Town (Herald) and perhaps 1      BH, 17 April 1851
                   more at Smith's Island
                   (Gazette).

16 April 1851      2 whales taken, 1 at St.         RG, 22 April 1851
                   David's, 1 at Smith's Island.

Mid April 1851     A "portion of a whale" was       RG, 29 April 1851
                   salvaged near one of the West
                   End channels, yielded 12 bbl.

24 June 1851       American vessels seen whaling    RG, 24 June 1851
                   offshore for sperm whales.

Last week of       A sperm whale taken at St.       RG, 1 July 1851
June 1851          David's, expected to yield 15-
                   16 bbl (30 ft).

1 April 1852       First whale of season struck,    RG, 6 April 1852
                   but lost, at St. David's-a
                   "large" animal.

6 April 1853       First whale of season taken at   RG, 12 April 1853
                   Smith's Island. Port Royal
                   boats struck but lost 2 whales
                   (with harpoon and warp in one
                   instance).

Mid April 1853     "The crew of the gun-boat has    RG, 12 April 1853
                   not yet had an opportunity of
                   testing the effect of this
                   newly invented instrument."

12-19 April 1853   3 whales taken, 1 at Tucker's    RG, 19 April 1853
                   Town, 1 at Smith's Island, 1
                   at Port Royal (25 bbl, killed
                   with gun-harpoon). 1
                   additional whale struck but
                   lost at Smith's Island.

3-10 May 1853      3 whales taken by Port Royal
                   and East End crews; also a       RG, 10 May 1853
                   shark "which had the temerity
                   to follow the carcass of the
                   whale thither [in the bay]."

Last week of       A "young" whale taken at         RG, 31 May 1853
May 1853           Smith's Island, and "old" one
                   struck but lost after
                   "knocking the boat to pieces."

1865               "The once flourishing Whale      BB 1865 (CO 41/60)
                   fishery of these Islands has
                   declined a long time since. It
                   was a profitable employment,
                   and may yet be pursued with
                   advantage by employment of
                   persons skilled in the Trade."

1875               "There was a time when Whale     BB 1875 (CO 41/70)
                   fishery was pursued in Bermuda
                   to advantage and the oil
                   thereby obtained met with a
                   ready sale for home
                   consumption; but the pursuit
                   of this industry has long
                   since declined, and is only
                   occasionally revived, and even
                   then the small quantity of Oil
                   derived is unsaleable
                   therefrom--Kerosene having
                   superseded the use of Whale
                   Oil for domestic purposes, and
                   the high protective duty
                   imposed on this article in the
                   United States of America
                   precludes the disposal of it
                   there, so that it has become
                   rather a drug than otherwise
                   in the Market."

Table 6.--Information on the Grenada Non/mechanized Shore sub-fishery
(Fishery 10.3) extracted from Grenada Blue Books for years checked,
showing activity in terms of numbers of vessels (S=ship, B=boat) and
land stations (G = Grenada, C= Carriacou), showing landings as numbers
of humpback whales (assumed in the few years where not explicitly
indicated as such), oil in volume (in gallons, or if indicated,
barrels (bbl)) and value ([pounds sterling] Sterling: pounds/
shillings/pence), and exports in volume and value. Prior to 1900 oil
was exported to British West Indies, Trinidad, and United Kingdom.

                                           Production

Year    Vessels      Stations    Whales      Oil          Oil Value

1821
1822
1830
1840
1850
1856
1857
1858
1859   1 S, 3 B                               301 bbl
1860   1 S, 8 B                               370 bbl      1110/0/0
1861   9 B          2 G, 1 C               17,423          2071/9/2
1862   20 B         2 G, 1 C               13,323          1322/2/6
1863   20 B         Illegible               4,975           320/0/0
1864   20 B         2 G                     8,668          941/10/0
1865   ca 12 B      2 G, 1 C                8,221          894/15/2
1866                                        7,927         990/17/10
1867   ca 12 B      2 G, 1 C               12,624          1374/6/8
1868   ca 12 B      2 G, 1 C               14,574          1643/0/6

1869   ca 12 B      2 G, 1 C                 7226          845/11/0
1870   ca 12 B      2 G, 1 C                11520          1296/0/0
1871   ca 6 B       2 G                     10550         1186/17/6
1872   ca 6 B       2 G                      2325          190/12/6
1873   ca 6 B       2 G                      4125          515/12/6
1874   ca 6 B                                8175         1021/17/6
1875   ca 6 B                                3210           401/5/0
1876   ca 6 B                       8        3840           480/0/0
1877   ca 6 B                      13        6720           840/0/0
1878   ca 6 B                       6        7680           960/0/0
1879
1880
1881

1882
1883
1884
1885
1886
1887
1888
1889
1890
1891
1892
1893
1894                                0

1895                                4          75 bbl

1896                                3          35 bbl

1897                                0
1898                                2
1899                                0
1900                                2          60 bbl
1901
1902

1903

1904
1905
1906
1907

1908
1909
1910

1911

1912

1913

1914

1915
1916

1917
1918
1919

1920
1921
1922
1923

                  Exported

Year     Oil       Oil Value     Per Unit

1821
1822
1830
1840     1 bbl
1850
1856
1857
1858
1859     7,260    1,053/10/0       0/2/0
1860   Unclear       Unclear
1861    17,423     2,071/9/2       0/2/4
1862    13,323     1,322/2/6     0/1/11.75
1863      4975       520/0/0       0/2/1
1864   394 bbl      941/10/0       0/2/2
1865     8,221      894/15/2       0/2/2
1866     7,927     990/17/10       0/2/6
1867    12,624      1374/6/8       0/2/2
1868    14,574      1643/0/6       0/2/2

1869     7,226      845/11/0       0/2/4
1870     11520      1296/0/0       0/2/3
1871     10550     1186/17/6       0/2/3
1872      2325      190/12/6       0/2/6
1873      4125      515/12/6       0/2/6
1874      8175     1021/17/6       0/2/6
1875      3210       401/5/0       0/2/6
1876      3840       480/0/0       0/2/6
1877      6720       840/0/0       0/2/6
1878      7680       960/0/0       0/2/6
1879      2610       326/5/0       0/2/6
1880       620       77/10/0       0/2/6
1881      1890       230/8/0       0/2/6

1882      2350      293/15/0       0/2/6
1883       250       031/5/0       0/2/6
1884
1885      1300      162/10/0       0/2/6
1886
1887
1888
1889       280        28/0/0       0/2/0
1890       342       42/15/0       0/2/6
1891
1892      1179      184/17/6
1893     562.5
1894

1895      1723       139/5/9

1896       900       24/13/8

1897
1898       170        7/10/0
1899
1900      1381        55/2/4
1901
1902

1903

1904
1905
1906
1907

1908
1909
1910

1911

1912

1913

1914

1915
1916

1917
1918
1919

1920      1620       461/0/0
1921       160        50/0/0
1922
1923      2110       295/0/0

Year                              Comments

1821   Whaling not mentioned
1822   Whaling not mentioned
1830   Whaling not mentioned
1840
1850   Whaling not mentioned
1856   Whaling not mentioned
1857   Whaling not mentioned
1858   Whaling not mentioned
1859
1860   exported 6,498 gal of Fish Oil to BWI (@ 0/3/6 per gal)
1861   exported as "Fish Oil"
1862
1863
1864
1865
1866
1867
1868   an additional 150 gal of whale oil produced by British,
         foreign, or other colonial vessels
1869
1870
1871
1872
1873
1874
1875
1876
1877
1878
1879   2,430 gal oil exported to BWI l and 180 gal to UK
1880
1881   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"; 1,290 gal oil exported to UK
         and 600 gal to BWI
1882   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1883   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1884   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1885   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1886   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1887   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1888   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1889   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1890   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1891   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1892   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1893   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1894   "Whale fishing is ... carried on but no whales were taken in
         1894"
1895   "Whale fishing is ... carried on..."; 1,083 gal oil to BWI,
         640 to UK
1896   "Whale fishing is ... carried on     700 gal oil to UK, 200 to
         BWI
1897   "Whale fishing is ... carried on ..."
1898   "Whale fishing is ... carried on ..."
1899   "Whale fishing is ... carried on ..."
1900   "Whale fishing is ... carried on ..."
1901   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"
1902   "Whale fishing is ... carried on"; petroleum oil exported to
         Venezuela and Dutch West Indies, plus "other" oils to BWI
         (47 1/2 gal worth 9/11/4) and Venezuela (127 1/6 gal worth
         18/18/8)
1903   54 1/2 gal "other" oils (i.e. not petroleum) exported to
         Venezuela
1904   237 gal "other" oils exported to Venezuela (worth 11/5/5)
1905   136 2/3 gal "other" oils exported to Venezuela (11/5/5)
1906   5 gal "other" oils exported to Venezuela (0/8/6)
1907   51 gal "other" oils exported: 7 1/2 to BWI, 43 1/2 to Venezuela
         (worth 7/7/9 all told)
1908   3 gal "other" oils exported to BWI (0/10/0)
1909   93 2/3 gal "other" oils exported to BWI (10/8/4)
1910   15 gal "other" oils exported to United States, 83 1/3 to BWI,
         5 to Venezuela (worth 13/6/1 all told)
1911   1,726 gal "other" oils exported to UK (283/16/0), 1022 1/3 to
         BWI (96/4/0); total of 2748 1/3 gal (480/0/0)
1912   480 gal "other kinds" of oil exported to UK (101/3/6), 5 to
         United States (1/7/6), 47 to Venezuela (8/17/17)

1913   3 gal "other kinds" of oil exported to UK (0/16/8), 20 to
         United States (4/2/6), 2 to BWI (0/5/3)
1914   5 gal "other kinds" of oil (besides kerosene) exported to
         Venezuela (1/5/0), 13 1/6 to BWI (5/4/2); total of 18 1/16
         gal (6/9/2)
1915   2 gal "other kinds" of oil exported to UK (10/0/0; sic)
1916   10 gal "other kinds" of oil exported, recipient country not
         indicated (2/17/6)
1917   2 gal "other kinds" of oil exported to Venezuela (0/14/0)
1918   112 gal "other kinds" of oil exported to UK (40/13/4)
1919   20 gal "other kinds" of oil exported to Great Britain "from
         this colony" (16/0/0), 16 gal from "other produce" to United
         States (13/0/0), plus 3 pounds worth to BWI also from "other
         produce"
1920   "There is a small whaling industry"
1921   "There is a small whaling industry"
1922   "There is a small whaling industry"
1923   "There is a small whaling industry"; 1,760 gal whale oil
         exported to UK (233/0/0), 350 to Barbados (62/0/0)

Table 7.--Information on the St. Lucia Non-mechanized shore sub-
fishery (Fishery 10.5) from the St. Lucia Blue Books showing, for each
year checked, the exported volume of whale oil (gallons or if
indicated, barrels (bbl) or "packages" (pkgs)), the value of exported
oil ([pounds sterling] sterling: pounds/shillings/pence), and where
exported.

Year      Oil         Value           Exported to

1825

1829

1835

1840

1845

1850

1855

1860

1865

1870

1873

1876

1879     6,200        620/0/0    United States

1882     1,440        144/0/0    United States

1885     7,120        153/0/0    Barbados, Dominica

1886     7,365        458/6/8    United States

1887     9,661      1425/10/5    United States

1888     3,445       416/13/4    United States

1889

1890

1891

1892

1893     9 pkgs     10/4/2000    St. Vincent

1894

1895

1896

1897

1898

1899     5 bbl          8/0/0    UK

1900      250          10/0/0    UK

1901    15 pkgs       32/14/0    United States (14),
                                 Montserrat (1)

1902

1903

1904

1905

1906

1908

1910

Year                               Comments

1825    Whaling not mentioned

1829    Whaling not mentioned

1835    Whaling not mentioned

1840    Whaling not mentioned

1845    Whaling not mentioned

1850    Whaling not mentioned

1855    Whaling not mentioned

1860    Whaling not mentioned; 75 "packages" of oil exported to
        Barbados (worth 75/0/0) but no suggestion this was whale oil

1865    Whaling not mentioned; 360 gal of "fish oil" exported to Great
        Britain (worth 36/0/0) but no suggestion this was whale oil

1870    Whaling not mentioned; olive and "fish" oil exported but no
        suggestion of any whale oil

1873    Whaling not mentioned; kerosene and "fish" oil exported but no
        suggestion of any whale oil

1876    "Vessels of any size employed in Whale fishing off the Coasts
        of St. Lucia" are taxed at 1 shilling per ton, "payable once a
        year on first arrival"

1879    "Whale-fishing is carried on by foreign vessels in the waters
        of and adjacent to St. Lucia"; tax now 1 shilling and 8 pence
        per ton

1882    "Whale-fishing is carried on by foreign vessels in the waters
        of and adjacent to St. Lucia"

1885

1886

1887

1888

1889    Whaling not mentioned

1890    6 packages of unspecified oils exported to British Guiana (17/
        0/0) and French West Indies (4/8/8)

1891    Whaling not mentioned

1892    Whaling not mentioned

1893    The exported whale oil described not as "Produce ... of the
        Colony" but instead as "British, Foreign and other Colonial
        Produce ..."

1894    Whaling not mentioned

1895    Whaling not mentioned

1896    Whaling not mentioned

1897    Whaling not mentioned

1898    Whaling not mentioned

1899    The exported whale oil described not as "Produce ... of the
        Colony" but instead as "British, Foreign and other Colonial
        Produce ..."

1900

1901    The exported whale oil described not as "Produce ... of the
        Colony" but instead as "British, Foreign and other Colonial
        Produce ..."

1902    Whaling not mentioned

1903    Whaling not mentioned

1904    Whaling not mentioned

1905    Whaling not mentioned

1906    Whaling not mentioned

1908    Whaling not mentioned

1910    2 1/2 tons of "Whale Bone" exported to Barbados (worth 6/5/0)
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