Growth & success: this timeline describes an assortment of writing that stood out during a review of all 100 issues of The Examiner.
|Publication:||Name: The Forensic Examiner Publisher: American College of Forensic Examiners Audience: Professional Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health; Law; Science and technology Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2011 American College of Forensic Examiners ISSN: 1084-5569|
|Issue:||Date: Spring, 2011 Source Volume: 20 Source Issue: 1|
The choices represent a sampling of highlights and footnotes,
scientific research and topical concerns. We hope you'll enjoy
strolling through the issues and the years.
TOP 10 GREATEST HITS
VOL. 1 NO. 1 / AUGUST 25, 1992
When you receive your next membership list please call one member that you don't know and get to know them. Don't wait for them to call you.
VOL. 1 NO. 2 / OCTOBER 1992
The Tampa-St. Petersburg case is solved in part with handwriting analysis from The American Board of Forensic Handwriting Analysts.
VOL. 2 NO. 4: AUGUST 1993
NEW MEMBERSHIP CATEGORIES, ORGANIZATION NAME:
Fellow and Forensic Examiner. American Board of Forensic Examiners is referenced.
VOL. 2 NO. 4: AUGUST 1993
BOSTON STRANGLER CASE:
Member Ron Rice has been asked to reopen the Boston Strangler case based on new allegations that Charles A. Terry, not Albert DeSalvo, killed 13 Boston women. Rice is to re-examine more than 30 original letters written by DeSalvo. Rice also is the author of the behavioral profiling course for The American Board of Forensic Handwriting Analysts.
VOL, 3 NO. 2: MARCH 1994
NEW CERTIFICATION PROGRAM:
Board Certified Forensic Examiner credential introduced.
VOL. 2 NO. 6: NOVEMBER 1993
EXCERPT: ONE MILLION DOLLAR REWARD OFFERED
Handwriting, the Only Clue. The FBI is offering a $1 million reward for information that helps to catch an elusive "unabomber" Since 1978 this person of persons have killed one and injured 23 others by sending them letter bombs in the mail. The FBI's behavioral profile stated that the bomber will strike again. A note that was found and believed to be in the handwriting of the suspect reads, "Call Nathan R. Wed. 7 PM." The targets of the attacks have been persons associated with the computer or airline industries, including professors at Yale and the University of California at San Francisco.
NEW ORGANIZATION NAME: Members vote in a three-minute fax survey to change the name of the organization to American Board of Forensic Examiners.
VOL. 3 NO. 3: APRIL 1994
"WHAT IS THE INTERNET AND WHAT CAN IT DO FOR YOU?"
The association creates an Internet bulletin board system for members.
VOL. 3 NO. 1: JANUARY 1994
Vincent Scalice is featured in a PBS Frontline documentary about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Margaret Singer is quoted in a Time magazine article about false childhood memories.
VOL. 2 NO. 2 / APRIL 1993
CERTIFICATION PROCESS TO BEGIN:
Based on a 150-point checklist devised by a committee headed by Vincent Scalice.
VOL. 3 NOS. 6-7: JULY & AUGUST 1994
The American Federation for Medical Accreditation certifies and accredits the American Board of Forensic Examiners.
VOL. 3 NO. 8: SEPTEMBER 1994
"EVIDENCE ON TRIAL":
Examiner reprints a five-part investigative report about the integrity of trial evidence and crime labs. The reprint signals a major emphasis for the organization: ethics.
VOL. 3 NO. 9: OCTOBER 1994
The issue is abuzz with the O.J. trial. Contributing Editor Faye Girsh analyzes the rote of the jury expert. It begins with this question: "The O.J. defense team picked a jury consultant. What will she do to get him acquitted that the ordinary voyeur on the street hasn't thought of?"
VOL. 5 NOS. 7-8 JULY & AUGUST 1996
ACFE WRITING TEAM PRODUCES UNABOMBER BOOK:
John Douglas and Mark Olshaker's book, Unabomber: On the Trail of America's Most-wanted Serial Killer, is the subject of a review and interviews. In an excerpt from the interview with Douglas, he offers a succinct analysis of Ted Kaczynski's psyche: His motivation was really to manipulate, dominate, control ... no different that any other serial murderers and other types of violent offenders. Power and anger were the key ingredients to the Unabomber.
VOL. 3 NOS. 10-11 NOVEMBER & DECEMBER 1994
The Examiner becomes a refereed scientific publication with "blind" reviewers.
VOL. 4 NOS. 3-4: MARCH & APRIL, 1995
PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL GOES ONLINE:
Members can access the publication on ForensicNet.
VOL. 4 NOS. 9-10: SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 1995
OKLAHOMA CITY BOMBING:
Joseph Davis describes and analyzes his experiences of debriefing victims of the bombing. After presenting a seven-part model for conducting debriefings of those who are grieving, Davis provides a personal observation.
The author was emotionally and physically exhausted working 12-16 hour days three of the four days present. On the third day, the author had his chance to grieve and mourn, realizing that Oklahoma, Oklahoma City, and Oklahomans realistically represented Anytown, USA. Knowing that his wife and 3-week-old daughter eagerly awaiting his arrival in San Diego made life seem a lot better. Tragically, the author could not say the same for many of the individuals he has counseled because for them, death, loss, sadness, and cataclysms of emotion were their reality ....
VOL. 4 NOS. 1-2: JANUARY & FEBRUARY 1995
UNABOMBER KILLS AGAIN:
The Examiner leads with an analysis of the case and presents the memorable composite sketch of a hooded man with curly hair, a mustache and huge sunglasses. Another photo shows handwriting believed to be the Unabomber's.
VOL. 4 NOS. 11-12 NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 1995
AUDIO CONFESSION FOUND TO BE FALSIFIED:
Association member Norman I. Perle writes about how he demonstrated, using Waveform and Spectrogram analysis, that an audiotape had been altered. As a result of his work, Perle writes, a young man who had been jailed for four years was freed before his trial was to start.
VOL. 6 NOS. 1-2: JANUARY / FEBRUARY 1997
The Examiner celebrates ACFEI membership reaching five figures. The cover presents thumbnail photos of 204 members with a headline proclaiming "10,000" in flaming yellow and molten red.
VOL. 6 NOS. 5-6: MAY / JUNE 1997
In a change of pace, The Examiner interviews Mark Olshaker, a writer of novels and nonfiction works that often involve criminals, such as serial killers and the Unabomber. Olshaker discusses his biggest literary influence.
Shakespeare wouldn't be much of a writer if what he did was just give his own opinions on everything. What made him so brilliant was his ability to absolutely forget himself in his writing, so to speak, and give voice to an entire universe of different kinds of emotion .... That is what writing is all about, trying to stay in the shadows and bring your work and subject matter into the light.
VOL. 7 NOS. 1-2: JANUARY / FEBRUARY 1998
This issue covers the establishment of the American Board Psychological Specialties (ABPS) under the ACFE banner. Of the 11,000 members in 1998, more than 7,000 are psychologists and psychiatrists.
VOL. 7 NOS. 9-10: SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 1998
The American Board of Forensic Nursing is announced.
VOL. 8 NOS. 1-2: JANUARY / FEBRUARY 1999
JON-BENET RAMSEY RANSOM NOTE: Kimon lannetta examines visual energy clues available in the ransom note in this infamous case.
"She is safe and unharmed" (line 7) is an important phrase to evaluate this writing, as all of the words except the word "and" are slanted to the left. The word "safe" in particular shows rage and anger revealed by tics and the blunt club structures at the end of the downstroke of the "f." Clubs at the beginning or the end of strokes indicate extreme decisiveness and / or forcefulness. It suggests a 'hit first, ask questions later' impulsiveness."
VOL. 5 NOS. 9-10 SEPTEMBER & OCTOBER, 1996
Miller M. Ryans analyzes his experience of serving on a team of expert witnesses in the Lorena Bobbitt case, in which her lawyers used the irresistible impulse defense. In an evaluation of Bobbitt, Ryans found no evidence of irresistible impulse in the case; furthermore, he asserted that the defense in general is a "dinosaur" awaiting extinction from jurisprudence.
VOL. 7 NOS. 3-4: MARCH / APRIL 1998
AFCEI's commitment to continuing education, accreditation, and affiliation with colleges and universities are emphasized. The American Dental Association bestows accreditation to ACFE.
VOL. 8 NOS. 3-4: MARCH / APRIL 1999
KIDS WHO KILL:
Three articles examine psychological factors, interviewing techniques, and the reliability of children's confessions. In light of the school shooting of the late 90's, Terry M. Levy and Michael Orlans examine the rise of violence among boys while also documenting the rise of violent crime by girls. Daniel Hynan looks at the pitfalls of interviewing children, including children's memory, language use, suggestibility, ability to distinguish fantasy from reality, and a tendency to lie to interviewers. Excerpt: "Sometimes, children believe there is a 'correct' answer already known by the interviewer, and they guess to try to please him or her, without conveying that their response is actually a guess."
Philip Kaushall adds to the discussion in his article about confessions. Excerpt: "Though the science of child interrogations is still in its infancy, certain rules have been formulated regarding how to avoid taking a child's statements by leading questions or even mild reinforcements."
VOL. 9 NOS. 7-8: JULY / AUGUST 2000
This issue serves as a program for the annual conference for ACFE, now numbering 14,000 nembers. The conference is held in Las Vegas, with Henry C. Lee delivering the keynote address on advances in forensic science,
VOL. 8 NOS, 9-10: SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 1999
In his column, Michael Baer has suggestions for dealing with anger. Excerpt: "Our current methods of teaching people to control their anger rest on the faulty assumption that it is anger that we are trying to keep in check. In fact, it is not anger, but tantrums and fits towards which we should be directing our efforts."
VOL. 10 NOS. 5-6: MAY / JUNE 2001
NEW CREDENTIAL ANNOUNCED:
Certified Forensic Accountant, CFA
VOL. 9 NOS. 11-12: NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2000
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE:
David E. Rosengard announces the formation of this new association. "Often traditional approaches to medicine, in which I was trained, do not fully utilize alternative remedies and treatment," he says.
VOL. 9 NOS. 1-2: JANUARY / FEBRUARY 200
MILLENNIAL EDITION (PAST-PRESENT-FUTURE):
The issue takes stock of the progress of ACFE and re-emphasizes the values it stands for:
* Rule 702 of the Federal Rules of Evidence sets forth the factors that can qualify a personas an expert witness.
* AFCE Principles of Professional Practice that emphasize objectivitiy, the scientific method, and proper conduct.
* A commitment to credentialing and continuing education.
* In detailed, one-page reports, Diplomate status criteria for each of the subordinate boards of ACFE is spelled out. Roughly 70 abstracts from the 1999 annual are reprinted.
VOL. 9 NOS. 9-10: SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 2000
New York-based Touro College accepts its first students in its master's program in forensic examination.
VOL. 10 NOS. 11-12: NOVEMBER / DECEMBER 2001
The association cancels the annual conference.
ACFE MEMBERS RESPOND:
Several members were called to New York and Washington, D.C. to provide their services to the disaster areas. Among those who responded:
* Richard L. Levenson, a psychologist, provided psychotherapy, crisis counseling, and critical incident stress management for the New York City Police Organization providing peer assistance. He worked at Ground Zero debriefing officers at the site.
* Ritchi Morris worked with New York firefighters and police officers who watched as hundreds of their comrades died in the collapse of the towers. "They're dealing with seeing their leaders die," he says. "They're telling me things like, '20 years ago this guy saved my ass' or '20 years ago he broke me in.'"
* E. Charles Ekstein, a dentist, helped identify remains.
* Rick Sword was part of a FEMA response team.
* Douglas Gilmer was called up to active duty with the Coast Guard.
* William Sloane, a lieutenant colonel in the Civil Air Patrol, helped staff the Emergency Operations Center at the U.S. Air Force * Auxiliary (Civil Air Patrol) Pennsylvania Wing Headquarters at Fort Indiantown Gap.
VOL. 11 NOS. 9-10: SEPTEMBER / OCTOBER 2002
9/11 ANNIVERSARY ISSUE:
"ONE YEAR LATER, WHAT HAVE WE LEARNED?"--ACFE MEMBERS AT GROUND ZERO:
Sandy Ramsey, a forensic nurse from Nebraska, was one of 2,000 therapists on call 24/7 for three months. After her grueling experience, she returned home to a warm welcome. "One school child here in Lincoln even made me a thank you card, which moved me to tears," she says. "I hadn't realized how much it would mean to me to get that."
Richard Levenson, a psychologist, says he felt a recurring fear at the sound of a plane flying over the World Trade Center site where he counseled rescue workers. He and others shared the fear of terrorist attacks in subways and against buses.
Estyne Del Rio Diaz counseled people in New York. "As the days passed, my phone began to ring with single mothers whose children had begun to wet their beds," she says. "I realized that these children, who had seen or witnessed the event, would be traumatized, on way or another, for life."
John McCann, a clinical psychologist, was assigned to Ground Zero and the morgue. "I will never forget, in spite of all the carnage and destruction around me, the sight of an Army vehicle, loaded with soldiers and 50-caliber machine guns in Lower Manhattan on September 12," he says. "It struck me that we were now at war, a war unprecedented in its tactical response, and the battlefield was now on our home soil."
VOL. 10 NOS. 7-8: JULY / AUGUST 2001
Chairman David E. Rosengard calls the association, now approximately 15,000 strong, to convene in Nashville, Tennessee.
VOL. 12 NOS. 1-2: JANUARY / FEBRUARY 2003
"I" FOR INTERNATIONAL:
This issue is the first to display on its cover the current association name: American College of Forensic Examiners International.
VOL. 12 NOS. 3-4: MARCH / APRIL 2003
Responding to President George W. Bush's call to action after the 9/11 attacks, the Examiner unveils a prototype program in continuing education and training. The effort includes: the credentialing program, Certified in Homeland Security; a newly created American Board for Certification in Homeland Security; continuing education credits; and a Homeland Security Watch section of the Examiner.
VOL. 14 NO. 2: SUMMER 2005
"BLOOD SPATTER INTERPRETATION AT CRIME SCENES:
Louis L. Akin provides an overview for investigators: "Since blood spatter can tell so much about what took place at the scene of a crime, it should be given more attention, even when there are witnesses and the violence was not lethal." He likens the slow adoption of bloodspatter analysis to fingerprint collection when it was first introduced.
VOL. 14 NO. 4: WINTER 2005
RECONSTRUCTING SKELETAL REMAINS:
Horacio E. Solla traces the growth of forensic anthropology in Uruguay.
VOL. 13 NO. 1: SPRING 2004
NOW A QUARTERLY:
With this issue, The Examiner shifts to a quarterly publication
VOL. 13 NO. 2: SUMMER 2004
Certified Forensic Consultant, CFC, announced.
VOL. 15 NO. 2: SUMMER 2006
"VISION SCIENCE: SELF-GUIDED THERAPY FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT SKILL ENHANCEMENT":
Law enforcement officers may benefit from vision therapy procedures, but they may not have time for in-office sessions. This article by Eugene R. Bertolli, Constantine Forkiotis, Dominic R. Pannone, and Hazel Dawkins provides self-help vision therapy procedures that officers can perform outside the behavioral optometry office.
VOL. 16 NO. 1: SPRING 2007
FEMALE SERIAL KILLERS:
Wide-ranging author Katherine Ramsland looks into women who kill for lust.
VOL. 15 NO. 3: FALL 2006
DIATOM TEST FOR DROWNING:
Research into the presence of diatoms in bone marrow, lungs, liver, spleen, kidney, and brain tissue has led to the development of the diatom test, a direct screening test for drowning, Edward J. Rohn and Peter D. Frade write. The presence of diatoms can be verified and analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively through a diatom test. This can lead not only to a more direct de- termination of the cause of death, but also can help pinpoint the site of a suspected drowning.
VOL. 14 NO. 3: FALL 2005
Dangerous, harmless, or medically beneficial? Sherwood O. Cole takes another look at pot's effects and potential medical use. Cole reviews the adverse effects of marijuana: "While these adverse effects are real, they are well within the range of effects tolerated by other medications on the market" He also acknowledges some therapeutic value of the drug. The future use of the medical use of cannaninoids depends on the development of pure drugs, Cole writes.
VOL. 16 NO. 4: WINTER 2007
With this issue, The Forensic Examiner is available in bookstores nationwide.
Sensitive Security Information announced.
VOL. 17 NO. 3: FALL 2008
HOMELAND COMBATIVES COURSE:
The Examiner announces the course created by Grandmaster Gary Dill and Dr. Robert O'Block, which is based on the theory that individuals, equipped with proper knowledge and effective martial arts techniques, have the power to prevent devastating terrorist attacks such as the ones of Sept. 11.
CITIZENS HELP FBI:
The Citizens' Academy, the Chaplains' Prograrn, and InfraGard give interested individuals a chance to give back.
VOL. 19 NO. 2: SUMMER 2010
"FINE ART AUTHENTICATION:
Where Are the Forensic Examiners?" "Forensic science has been used as a mechanism to identify fake art but has taken a back seat to connoisseurs who have traditionally made the final judgment of a work's authenticity," John Daub writes. He suggests the use of scientific instruments for authentication: infrared reflectography, Wood's Light, microscopic analysis, and Carbon 14, along with research into provenance.
TOP TEN GREATEST HITS
"EVIDENCE ON TRIAL":
The Examiner reprints a five-part investigative report about the integrity of trial evidence and crime labs. The reprint signals a major emphasis for the organization: ethics.
Vol. 03 No. 08 / 1994
KIDS WHO KILL:
Three articles examine psychological factors, interviewing techniques, and the reliability of children's confessions.
Vol. 08 No. 3-4 / 1999
The issue takes stock of the progress of ACFE and reemphasizes the values it stands for.
In one page reports, Diplomate status criteria for each of the subordinate boards of ACFE is spelled out.
Vol. 09 No. 1-2 / 2000
ACFE MEMBERS RESPOND:
Richard L Levenson Ritchi Morris E. Charles Ekstein Rick Sword Douglas Gilmer William Sloane
Vol. 10 No. 11-12 / 2001
ACFE MEMBERS AT GROUND ZERO:
Sandy Ramsey Richard Levenson Estyne Del Rio Diaz John McCann
"MEDICINE: UNCONVENTIONAL WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION"
Vol. 11 No. 9-10 / 2002
Responding to President George W. Bush's call to action after 9/11 attacks
"PREVENTING TERRORISM IN OUR COMMUNITIES"
"HOMELAND SECURITY WATCH" DEBUTS
Vol. 12 No. 3-4 / 2003
TRANSITION TO QUARTERLY:
The Examiner shifts to a quarterly publication.
CERTIFIED IN HOMELAND SECURITY CONFERENCE
SARIN GAS AND URBAN WARFARE
Vol. 13 No. 01 / 2004
"HE WAS EVERYONE'S BEST FRIEND:
Line-of-Duty Death of Close Friend Inspires Dr. Robert O'Block to Support 100 Clubs"
"OFFICER DOWN: CHARACTERISTICS OF COP KILLING"
Vol. 17 No. 01 / 2008
PART 1 OF VECCHI SERIES:
"PRINCIPLES AND APPROACHES TO CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION":
Greg Vecchi begins a four-part series covering the entire spectrum of criminal investigation.
"THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VIRTUAL AND ACTUAL AGGRESSION: YOUTH EXPOSURE TO VIOLENT MEDIA"
vol. 18 No. 02 / 2009
Vol. 19 No. 03 / 2010
CONSIDER THIS ISSUE THE CROWN JEWEL OF THE JOURNAL:
An inside look at the FBI's Behavioral Science Unit. ACFEI Founder Dr. Robert O'Block and Editor in Chief Chris Powers visited the BSU facility in Quantico, Virginia, with unprecedented access for interviews and insights. BSU agents wrote articles. In this issue:
* Interviews with all 19 BSU agents
* FBI Training Division at a glance
* Evil Minds Research Museum
* "Computer Network Intrusions:" An article by Steven A. Bongardt that includes the case of the BTK killer, Dennis Rader
* "The Offender Interaction Process Model" by Thomas J. Dover
* "Addressing the Urgent Need for Multi-Dimensional Training in Law Enforcement" by Samuel L. Feemster
* "Transitioning from the Clinic to the Field of Operations and Investigations" by Kirk Kennedy
* "Aberrant Behavior: 'Unusual,' Part 1" by Steven R. Conlon
* "Understanding Police Suicide" by Jean G. Larned
* "The FBI Behavioral Science Unit's Approach to World-Class Training" by Gregory M. Vecchi
* "Interpreting Nonverbal Communication for Use in Detecting Deception" by Lydia R. Pozzato, including a breathtaking two-page infographic showing nonverbal cues.
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