Fetal alcohol syndrome.
|Article Type:||Brief article|
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal alcohol syndrome (Development and progression)
Fetal alcohol syndrome (Complications and side effects)
Alcohols (Health aspects)
Fetus (Effect of alcohol on)
Fetus (Risk factors)
Fetus (Development and progression)
Fetus (Complications and side effects)
|Publication:||Name: South African Medical Journal Publisher: South African Medical Association Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2008 South African Medical Association ISSN: 0256-9574|
|Issue:||Date: Nov, 2008 Source Volume: 98 Source Issue: 11|
|Product:||SIC Code: 2869 Industrial organic chemicals, not elsewhere classified|
|Geographic:||Geographic Scope: South Africa Geographic Code: 6SOUT South Africa|
The fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) has huge social and economic
implications for South African society. FAS is caused by prenatal
exposure to alcohol and includes some or all of the following features:
facial dysmorphism, prenatal and/or postnatal growth retardation, and
neurological, cognitive and behavioural abnormalities. The dop system
(alcohol forming part of labourers' wages on wine farms) is
believed to have played a role in entrenching binge-drinking. Urban and
colleagues (3) investigated the prevalence of FAS among schoolgoing
children in the Northern Cape province, South Africa.
Their study found an extremely high prevalence of FAS (nearly 1 in 10)--higher than previously reported in the Western Cape province. Rates of FAS reported from South Africa are generally much higher than in other countries, where rates of FAS seldom exceed 10/1 000, even in high-risk populations. Noteworthy are the findings that the FAS rate is higher in De Aar (a sheep-farming area) than Upington (a wine-farming area) and that FAS was not limited to a specific ethnic group.
Children with FAS or partial FAS performed poorly across a broad range of neurodevelopmental domains, including markedly lower intellectual functioning and attention deficits.
|Gale Copyright:||Copyright 2008 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.|