|Article Type:||Correction Notice|
|Publication:||Name: Canadian Journal of Urban Research Publisher: Institute of Urban Studies Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Social sciences Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2004 Institute of Urban Studies ISSN: 1188-3774|
|Issue:||Date: Winter, 2004 Source Volume: 13 Source Issue: 2|
1) Garnet Picot
Due to a copyediting error Table 4 of "The Deteriorating Economic Welfare of Canadian Immigrants" by Garnet Picot in the Summer 2004 issue 13(1):25-45 was omitted. It is produced here, with some explanatory text for interested readers.
For Canada as a whole, there was little change in the low-income rate during the 1990s. This was the result of two offsetting trends; changes among the Canadian-born tended to push down the rate by 1.0 percentage points, and changes among immigrants tended to increase it by 1.0 points.
However, one should recall that we are discussing change in low-income rates. If one concentrates on the level of low-income, immigrants still hold a minority, although increasing, position. In 2000, 28.5% of the low-income population were immigrants, up from 20% in 1980.
2) Don Devoretz and Sergiy Pivnenko
Due to a copyediting error Table 4 and footnote 5 of "Immigrant Public Finance Transfers: A Comparative Analysis by City" by Don Devoretz and Sergiy Pivnenko in the Summer 2004 issue 13(1):155-69 were omitted. They are produced here, with the accompanying text, for interested readers.
Comparative studies are available on the net fiscal impact of immigrants both in Europe and the United States to help place these results in perspective. The most comprehensive study to date, undertaken by Smith and Edmondson (1997), includes local, state and federal transfers for immigrants and the American born. The set of goods and taxes in their study is intended to be exhaustive. Table 4 reports the total immigrant net annual fiscal transfer (at the local, state and federal levels) for the United States and reveals that in 1996 immigrants were on average a drain on the U.S. treasury. This in turn imposed a net fiscal impact of between $1,613 to $2,206 per immigrant household on the American born. If we restrict our comparison to only U.S. federal transfers by the average foreign-born Californian household, there is a larger negative fiscal transfer ($2,682). (1) Overall, however, they find a very small positive contribution by immigrants to the U.S. treasury.
3) Dany Fougeres
Correction to "Cohabiter dans le sous-sol de Montreal: la commission des services electriques et les enterprises de service public" on the Summer 2003 Montreal Special issue 12(1) cover. The name of the third author should be Dany Fougeres.
Table 4: Change in Low-Income Rate in Canada's Three Largest Cities, 1990-2000 Change associated with *: Change in cities low-income rate City Non-immigrants Immigrants Toronto 1.9 percentage point -0.9 p.p. 2.8 p.p Vancouver 3.1 p.p. -1.7 p.p. 4.7 p.p Montreal 0.3 p.p. -1.1 p.p. 1.4 p.p * The change associated with immigrants can result from both the rising share of immigrants (particularly recent immigrants) in the cities, as well as the rise in low-income rates among immigrants. Source: Picot and Hou, 2003 Table 4: Net Annual Fiscal Impact (NAFI) Imposed by Immigrant Headed Households on All U.S. Native Households State Budget NAFI Immigrant Aggregate NAFI Households New Jersey -$1,613 9.156 million -$14.77 billion California -$2,206 9.156 million -$20.16 billion Source: extract from Table 6.5, Smith and Edmondson (1997), p.284
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