Article Type: Editorial
Subject: Parent and child (Psychological aspects)
Pedodontics (Management)
Author: Toumba, Jack
Pub Date: 10/01/2011
Publication: Name: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry Publisher: European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2011 European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry ISSN: 1818-6300
Issue: Date: Oct, 2011 Source Volume: 12 Source Issue: 5
Topic: Event Code: 200 Management dynamics Computer Subject: Company business management
Geographic: Geographic Scope: Brazil Geographic Code: 3BRAZ Brazil
Accession Number: 277106776
Full Text: The summer vacations are now but a memory and schools and universities have started new academic years. Many children will be starting school for the very first time and will be both excited and nervous. At this time children and parents are enthusiastic and more receptive to advice and recommendations. Parents also share their children's emotions and feelings as they do when their children attend the dentist for the very first time. Behaviour change is exceptionally difficult to instil, particularly for dental health, and so this may be a time that we could use to our advantage when giving preventive and dietary advice? We need to be able to motivate our patients to accept our dental advice and to regularly follow our recommendations. Motivational interviewing is a relatively recent development in dentistry and medicine and dentistry and could be used to motivate the parents of young paediatric dental patients. The technique of motivational interviewing has been included in some undergraduate curricula particularly in North American dental schools. Perhaps this is a new topic for future research in Paediatric Dentistry?

In this current issues are two papers on dental erosion in children. The first is a questionnaire based study conducted in Libya on diet and dental erosion and the second from Turkey evaluates the prevalence and aetiology of dental erosion in Istanbulian Greek minority school children. A study from India conducted in schools reports on the antimicrobial efficiency of chlorhexidine and cacao bean husk extract mouthrinses in 50 children. As we are all aware the taste of chlorhexidine is frequently reported as the main reason for its non-use in children so the development of alternative more acceptable mouthrinses is to be welcomed.

An interesting study from Pisa in Italy has investigated the correlation between otitis media which occurs frequently in small children and dental malocclusion. The results showed that posterior cross-bite and adenoids-tonsils enlargement were factors significantly associated with otitis media in children. Another questionnaire based study from Scotland reports on the infant feeding practices of babies born with a cleft lip and/or palate and the challenges that their parents experienced soon after the birth of their children. A clinical research study from the Alpes Maritimes area of France describes the dental health status of children at 6-years-old using the ICDAS-II advanced method.

The use of a new diagnosis technique, the denaturing gel gradient electrophoresis technique is described in a short communication from Brazil. This looks to be a valuable tool for differentiating the microbial composition of the oral plaque in S-ECC children.

There are also two clinical case reports in this issue. One from India presents a most interesting case of the management of an embedded toothbrush in a five year old girl who fell whilst brushing her teeth. This occurred whilst she was unattended and emphasises the responsibility of parental supervision for tooth brushing and oral care. The final case report from Greece is a case of a seven year old boy with a solitary bone cyst due to dental trauma who presented with delayed eruption of his permanent lower incisors. Such case reports are useful and emphasise the importance of high standards in clinical diagnosis and history taking.
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