Avian Pathol.: Endocarditis due to Laetobacillus jensenii in a Salviu's Amazon parrot (Amazona autumnalis salvini).
Article Type: Report
Subject: Endocarditis (Causes of)
Endocarditis (Diagnosis)
Endocarditis (Research)
Parrots (Health aspects)
Parrots (Research)
Lactobacillus (Health aspects)
Lactobacillus (Research)
Authors: Foldenauer, U.
Rusch, M.
Simova-Curd, S.
Pub Date: 09/01/2009
Publication: Name: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery Publisher: Association of Avian Veterinarians Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2009 Association of Avian Veterinarians ISSN: 1082-6742
Issue: Date: Sept, 2009 Source Volume: 23 Source Issue: 3
Topic: Event Code: 310 Science & research
Geographic: Geographic Scope: United States Geographic Code: 1USA United States
Accession Number: 252006990
Full Text: A 30-year-old Salvin's Amazon parrot (Amazona autumnalis salvini) with a history of a lifelong poor diet and inappropriate housing was presented in lateral recumbency to a veterinary teaching hospital for further evaluation. Radiologic and ultrasonographic examination revealed a mild proventricular dilatation, mild hepatomegaly, signs of enteritis, and airsacculitis. The main laboratory findings included a mild macrocytic hyperchromic anemia, hypoglobulinemia, decreased bile acids, and increased alkaline phosphatase. In this bird liver pathology was suspected because of the clinical, laboratory, and ultrasonographic findings. The bird was treated with supportive care and metabolic aids. After initial improvement of the clinical signs, the bird's condition deteriorated and it died. Pathologic findings revealed an endocarditis and myocarditis due to Lactobacillus jensenii and a bacteremia. Endocarditis due to Lactobacillus species is a rare phenomenon in humans not yet described in animals. It is associated with severe underlying illnesses leading to translocation of otherwise nonpathogenic bacteria in the bloodstream. A similar pattern might be assumed in animals with compromised immunity.

2009;38:55 58.
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