Avian Dis.: Isolation of Salmonella typhimurium from dead blue and gold macaws (Ara ararauna).
Article Type: Brief article
Subject: Salmonella typhimurium (Health aspects)
Macaws (Health aspects)
Salmonellosis (Case studies)
Animals (Diseases)
Animals (Case studies)
Authors: Vigo, G.B.
Origlia, J.
Gornatti, D.
Pub Date: 06/01/2009
Publication: Name: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery Publisher: Association of Avian Veterinarians Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2009 Association of Avian Veterinarians ISSN: 1082-6742
Issue: Date: June, 2009 Source Volume: 23 Source Issue: 2
Geographic: Geographic Scope: United States Geographic Code: 1USA United States
Accession Number: 252006972
Full Text: Two blue and gold macaw (Ara ararauna) chicks died of fatal salmonellosis in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. The birds were histopathologically and microbiologically examined. Salmonella enterica sub-species enterica serovar typhimurium was isolated from the liver, spleen, heart, lung, kidney, and intestine of both birds. All strains were susceptible to ampicillin, cephalothin, cefotaxime, enrofloxacin, nalidixic acid, gentamicin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, fosfomycin, tetracycline, nitrofurantoin, and trimethoprimsulfamethoxazole. The XbaI-PFGE profile of the Salmonella typhimurium isolated from the 2 animals, which shared the same cage, was identical and showed a unique pattern compared with 301 isolates included in the PulseNet national database of Salmonella pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns. This is the first report that describes fatal cases of salmonellosis from blue and gold macaws.

et al. 2009;53:135-138.
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