Auk.: Maltreated nestlings exhibit correlated maltreatment as adults: evidence of a "cycle of violence" in nazca boobies (Sula granti).
Article Type: Reprint
Subject: Boobies (Birds) (Behavior)
Familial behavior in animals (Research)
Authors: Muller, M.S.
Porter, E.T.
Grace, J.K.
Pub Date: 03/01/2012
Publication: Name: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery Publisher: Association of Avian Veterinarians Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2012 Association of Avian Veterinarians ISSN: 1082-6742
Issue: Date: March, 2012 Source Volume: 26 Source Issue: 1
Topic: Event Code: 310 Science & research Canadian Subject Form: Animal familial behaviour
Geographic: Geographic Scope: United States Geographic Code: 1USA United States
Accession Number: 288978091
Full Text: The "cycle of violence" hypothesis implicates child abuse as a cause of later violent behavior via social transmission between generations. It has received mixed support from human research and has prompted the study of nonhuman models with comparable abuse behaviors. The underlying biology of child abuse remains a controversial subject, perhaps partly because, in nonhuman animals, similar behavior occurs relatively rarely in wild populations. The nazca booby (Sula granti), a colonial seabird, provides a nonhuman model in which maltreatment of nonfamilial young is widespread under normal living conditions. Essentially all adults show social attraction at some point in their lives to the offspring of other parents, often with a sexual and/or aggressive motivation. Here, we show a correlation between the degree to which a young bird is targeted by such adults and its own infliction of maltreatment later in life. The results provide the first evidence from a nonhuman of socially transmitted maltreatment directed toward unrelated young in the wild.

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