At the vanguard of changes to nursing education.
Subject: Nursing education (Management)
Nursing education (Forecasts and trends)
Nursing schools (Curricula)
Pub Date: 10/01/2009
Publication: Name: Kai Tiaki: Nursing New Zealand Publisher: New Zealand Nurses' Organisation Audience: Trade Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health; Health care industry Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2009 New Zealand Nurses' Organisation ISSN: 1173-2032
Issue: Date: Oct, 2009 Source Volume: 15 Source Issue: 9
Topic: Event Code: 200 Management dynamics; 010 Forecasts, trends, outlooks Computer Subject: Company business management; Market trend/market analysis
Geographic: Geographic Scope: New Zealand Geographic Code: 8NEWZ New Zealand
Accession Number: 210919904
Full Text: Emeriti professors Nan Kinross and Norma Chick received a standing ovation at the end of their presentation entitled "Two old ladies talking."

Trail blazers in New Zealand nursing and authors of Chalk and Cheese, Kinross and Chick said they were not just any two old ladies. "We are a rare species in New Zealand; we are the first and, as yet, only professors in the discipline of nursing to have the title emeriti professors."

Kinross and Chick founded the first nursing school at Palmerston North's Massey University in the 1970s, one of the earliest successful attempts by nurses to gain entry into university halts of learning in this country. Their book covers the period 1973-1987 when nursing education moved from hospitals to tertiary institutions, a time of heady political lobbying and other activity by nurses. The Massey programme was in the vanguard of these changes.

"Nurses talk of the transfer of nursing education to tertiary institutions," said Chick. "This term is too passive for what actually happened, which was transformation."

Kinross described how she Left for Massey on her very first day, January 15, 1973, armed with a few donated books and a curriculum based on the one that had impressed her at the University of California 13 years previously. "I was hired to teach the first three papers of the first course to graduate nurses and I had three brave students who had decided to include nursing studies papers in their undergraduate programme."

Kinross spoke of her own upbringing in Wellington and her decision to study medicine in Dunedin. "I had a great social Life but I failed and returned home after three years," she said. "I then decided to go nursing and chose to train at the Christchurch nursing school."

She became very involved with the New Zealand Nurses' Association, spent a year at the postgraduate nursing school in Wellington, competed her BA at Canterbury University and, in 1959, won a British Commonwealth scholarship and a Fulbright Fellowship. These enabled her to complete her master's at the University of California, San Francisco campus. Upon her return to New Zealand, she resumed her position as tutor at the Christchurch School of Nursing, not heading a university programme as she had imagined. Experience as supervising matron at Southland Hospital where nursing students would Line up outside her office seeking "lambing leave", was to follow.

Chick's story began in Australia where she was born and then trained as a nurse at Alfred Hospital in Melbourne. Love brought her to Palmerston North in 1971, following her marriage in 1970 to academic Malcolm Chick whom she met at the Australian National University in Canberra white she was studying towards her doctorate.

Massey University's Nursing Studies section was initially part of the Department of Psychology and Sociology. Over the ensuing years, the generic three papers rapidly developed into the requirements for a full major in nursing studies, together with postgraduate study up to doctoral Level. In 1981, Massey enrolled the first PhD candidate in nursing in Australasia. The following year, nursing studies became a separate unit in the Faculty of Social Sciences, with Kinross appointed its head.

The growth rate in the nursing school had been phenomenal, said Chick. "There was a new sense of freedom in nursing. That freedom could be found at Massey in particular, being such a new university." Chick concluded their address by pondering what nursing would be celebrating in another 100 years, suggesting that further developments in cultural safety would probably be one item on the agenda.

Conference coverage by co-editors Teresa O'Connor and Anne Manchester
Gale Copyright: Copyright 2009 Gale, Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.