AJMH based CPE Questionnaire.
Pub Date: 09/22/2010
Publication: Name: Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism Publisher: National Herbalists Association of Australia Audience: Academic Format: Magazine/Journal Subject: Health Copyright: COPYRIGHT 2010 National Herbalists Association of Australia ISSN: 1033-8330
Issue: Date: Fall, 2010 Source Volume: 22 Source Issue: 3
Accession Number: 254971762
Full Text: The AJMH based CPE questionnaire system is a voluntary system designed to assist members in the accumulation of NHAA CPE points. Questions are divided into the appropriate subject categories (herbal medicine and medical science) and each question refers to an article in this issue of the Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism. Points accumulated through completion of these questions should be recorded in the NHAA CPE diary. Each completed question is worth one mark in the relevant category. Your completed CPE diary should be returned with your membership renewal at the end of the financial year. For further information please see the NHAA CPE Member's Manual on the NHAA website www.nhaa.org.au.

Herbal medicine questions - AJMH 22(3)

According to each article which is the most correct?

1. Echinacea policosanol and warfarin

a) Co-administration of echinacea increased clearance of warfarin but pharmacokinetics were not affected.

b) Echinacea but not policosanol altered platelet aggregation induced by platelet agonists.

c) Policosanol but not echinacea altered platelet aggregation induced by platelet agonists.

d) Echinacea and policosanol are regularly coadministered with warfarin.

2. Bilberry against liver damage

a) Bilberry extract at 50 mg/kg significantly enhanced total ATPase and Na+-K+-ATPase activity, indicating increased ATP content in the mitochondria.

b) The restraint stress group demonstrated a significant increase of ROS in liver mitochondria, inhibited by pre treatment with bilberry extract at 100 mg/kg.

c) Mitochondrial membrane potential was returned to normal level following pre treatment with bilberry extract at 200 mg/kg.

d) Both A and B.

3. Aloe vera post hemorrhoidectomy

a) Aloe vera cream is as effective as analgesic medication in reducing pain and discomfort post hemorrhoidectomy.

b) Patients in the aloe group recorded less pain than the placebo group immediately after surgery, at 12, 24 and 48 hours and 2 weeks.

c) Use of a cream containing Aloe vera following hemorrhoidectomy resulted in significant wound healing 2 weeks after surgery.

d) Use of a cream containing Aloe vera following hemorrhoidectomy resulted in significant wound healing 4 weeks after surgery.

4. Antiasthmatic effect of Nigella

a) Salbutamol had a greater effect on PFTs than theophylline and both herbal extracts, possibly due to the different pharmacokinetics of an inhaled drug.

b) Boiled extract of Nigella sativa at 100 mg/kg resulted in significant increase in PFTs 30min after administration (except MEF75) and was maintained until 150 minutes.

c) Boiled extract of Nigella sativa at 50 mg/kg resulted in most significant effects 30 minutes after administration.

d) All of the above.

5. Cardioprotective properties of Crataegus

a) A standardised extract of Crataegus oxycantha leaves and berries was extracted in 50% aqueous ethanol.

b) The administration of Crataegus oxycantha improved cardiac contractility and left ventricular function.

c) Crataegus oxycantha extract has antioxidant activity in human hearts.

d) Crataegus oxycantha treatment significantly increased the activity of CK and LDH.

Medical science questions--AJMH 22(3)

1. PSO is a traditional herbal medicine that has a demonstrated use in:

a) Significantly reducing LDL cholesterol in hyperlipidemic patients.

b) Suppressing appetite in overweight patients with dyslipidemia.

c) Inducing bile acid production.

d) Improving the ratio of triglyceride:HDL cholesterol in hyperlipidemia.

2. Soy supplementation in post menopausal women

a) Soy supplementation has been shown to induce hot flushing in postmenopausal women.

b) Soy supplementation exerted significant influence on insulin secretion and activity.

c) IL-6 was significantly decreased following supplementation with soy.

d) Soy supplementation induced significant weight loss in all study participants.

3. Genistein-Se may arrest prostate cancer cells

Genestein is an isoflavone that has been shown to:

a) Inhibit growth of the hormone dependant cancer cells.

b) Effectively inhibit growth of the hormone dependant cancer cells when combined with selenium.

c) Be more effective when given in an isolated dose.

d) None of the above.

Answers are available from the NHAA office on request.
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