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Gundling Felix F Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Gastrointestinal Oncology, Bogenhausen Academic Teaching Hospital, Technical University of Munich, Englschalkinger Straße 77, 81925 Munich, Germany. - - 2014
An acute presentation after pregnancy of coeliac disease (CD) in the puerperium is a rare condition which has been described mostly in primigravidae in patients highly suspicious of latent CD. We report the case of a 37-year-old woman who was referred to our Hospital because of refractory watery diarrhea and ...
Armellino Donna D Infection Prevention, North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, Lake Success, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) decreases hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) that can cause colonization and infection. A standard approach is the bathing of all patients with CHG to prevent MRSA transmission. To decrease CHG utilization, this study assessed selective daily administration of CHG bathing to intensive care unit patients who had ...
Nieto A A Universidad de La Laguna, 38205 La Laguna, - - 2014
INTRODUCTION. Parallel forms of neuropsychological tests are scarce. Practice effects associated to repeated testing with the same test confound the interpretation of observed changes in serial assessments. Practice effects are especially likely with memory testing. AIM. To develop an alternate form to the test de aprendizaje verbal España-Complutense (TAVEC), one ...
Sideris Michail M Department of Colorectal Surgery, Hambleden Wing, 3rd Floor, King's College Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 9RS, U.K. - - 2014
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading cause of cancer-related death. Despite the progress that has been made towards the identification of the molecular mechanisms involved in CRC, currently there are many unclear points. The current opinion is that microsatellite instability (MSI), CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) and chromosomal instability ...
Toyama Yukio Y Department of Hospital Pharmacy, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Karimata, Yazako, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1195, Japan. - - 2014
The present study investigated the role of the major plasma proteins, albumin and α1-acid glycoprotein (AAG), in the pharmacokinetics of sunitinib using Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and analbuminemic rats with considerably low concentration of albumin established from SD rats. When sunitinib (3 mg/kg) was administered intravenously, the plasma concentrations of sunitinib ...
Varesano Serena S Division of Histopathology and Cytopathology, PO Sant'Andrea ASL5., Via Mario Asso n. 2. 19124 La Spezia, Italy. - - 2014
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a particularly aggressive type of primary tumor, associated with exposure to asbestos, and characterized by high mortality. To date, there is no curative therapy for MM. The receptor anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) was found to be mutated in many cases of cancer and used as a ...
Accorsi Alessandro A DO (Italy), c.da Faveto n.13, 62020, Ripe San Ginesio (MC), Italy. - - 2014
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurobehavioral disorder most commonly affecting children and teenagers. It is characterized by the coexistence of attention problems and impulsivity and hyperactivity. Although several studies have been conducted on the efficacy of conventional and alternative therapies in children with ADHD, few studies have specifically investigated the ...
Bologna P A X PA Department of Biology and Molecular Biology, Marine Biology and Coastal Sciences Program, Montclair State University, 1 Normal Avenue, Montclair, NJ, 07043, - - 2014
Hurricanes severely damaged a mangrove forest in a UNESCO biosphere reserve in the U.S. Virgin Islands. The system has yet to recover and when alternative habitats have been destroyed, it is shown that juvenile fishes will hyperutilize seagrass beds at densities significantly greater than in areas that maintain functioning mangroves. ...
Vetvicka Vaclav V Department of Pathology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, 40292, U.S.A. - - 2014
Natural immunomodulators are getting more and more popular. The popularity, however, often brings over-optimistic claims and mediocre effects. The purpose of the present study was to directly compare eleven most commonly used immunomodulators. Through testing both cellular and humoral branches of immune reactions, we found that most of the immunomodulators ...
Mege Diane D Department of Endocrine Surgery, Aix-Marseille University and Timone Hospital, Marseille, France. - - 2014
Large adrenal tumors (LATs, ≥6 cm) are uncommon and associated with malignancy in 25% of cases. Their surgical management remains debatable. The aim of the present report was to evaluate the current incidence, nature and management of LAT. We carried out a retrospective review of LATs managed in a tertiary ...
Li Datao D Shanghai, People's Republic of China From the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai JiaoTong University School of - - 2014
Prior reports of ear reconstruction have cited favorable results. Although greater attention has been devoted to fabricating a more refined cartilaginous framework, many patients still complain that the contours are unnatural. The authors' aim was to offer a new technique that resolves some lingering issues. To fabricate the antihelix complex ...
Cheng Tsu-Yao TY Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Toxicology, Graduate Institute of Toxicology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, No. 1, Section 1, Jen Ai Road, Taipei 10051, Taiwan, R.O.C. - - 2014
Formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1) as a regulator of innate inflammatory response has been implicated in tumor progression of gliomas. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic significance and the ligand-receptor interaction of FPR1 in gastric cancer (GC). FPR1 was immunohistochemically-analyzed in tissue sections originating from ...
Inoue T T Center for Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, - - 2014
A case of fetal neuroblastoma of the right adrenal gland, with rapid development of hydrops fetalis due to catecholamine-induced cardiomyopathy, is reported. A fetus with a right suprarenal mass detected during ultrasonography at 32 weeks gestation progressively developed into hydrops fetalis by 35.2 weeks gestation. An emergent cesarean section was ...
Yamashita Y T YT Hokkaido National Fisheries Research Institute, Fisheries Research Agency, Kushiro, Hokkaido, 085-0802, - - 2014
Larval growth and development of hybrid flounder were observed and compared with those of their parent species. The reciprocal hybrids of female starry flounder Platichthys stellatus and male stone flounder Kareius bicoloratus (hybrid Sb) and of female K. bicoloratus and male P. stellatus (hybrid Bs) both survived and grew to ...
González N J D NJ Department of Applied Environmental Science, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden. Nelida.GonzalezCantu@itm.su.se - - 2014
This work presents the application of a new method to facilitate the distinction between biologically produced (primary) and atmospherically produced (secondary) organic compounds in ambient aerosols based on their chirality. The compounds chosen for this analysis were the stereomers of 2-methyltetraols, (2R,3S)- and (2S,3R)-methylerythritol, (l- and d-form, respectively), and (2S,3S)- ...
Sahora Klaus K MD FACS, Department of Surgery and Comprehensive Cancer Center Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090 Vienna, Austria. - - 2014
We report the results of a phase II trial of adding the anti-ascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) bevacizumab to gemcitabine neoadjuvant chemotherapy for patients with borderline and unresectable non-metastatic pancreatic cancer. Patients were assigned to one of the two treatment arms. Both groups received 1,000 mg/m(2) gemcitabine on days 1, ...
Sulis Carol A CA Section of Infectious Disease, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA; Department of Medicine, Radius Specialty Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
Long-term trends in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) rates, and other health care-associated infections, were examined prior to, during, and after introduction of a VAP bundle in a long-term acute care hospital setting. VAP incidence rate declined in a step-wise fashion and reached a null value. Incidence rates of bacteremia from any ...
Conti Gabriella G Department of Applied Health Research, University College - - 2014
We discuss recent developments in the literature on the role of conscientiousness on healthy aging within an economic framework that helps to systematize and interpret the existing evidence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).
Mineda Kazuhide K Tokyo and Tokushima, Japan From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tokyo School of Medicine; and the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Tokushima School of - - 2014
Autologous fat injection into the breast has been performed widely for breast augmentation and reconstruction because of recent technical and scientific advancements. However, it is important to learn what occurs and how problematic it can be if fat grafting is not conducted appropriately. Oil cysts were explanted from three subjects ...
Henry Cathy C Hershey, Pa. From the PennState Hershey College of Medicine, Milton S. Hershey Medical - - 2014
After studying this article, the participant should be able to: (1) Describe the components of unilateral and bilateral secondary cleft lip nasal deformity. (2) Discuss current methods of assessing the deformity and outcomes. (3) Discuss primary treatment options including the use of preoperative orthopedics, nasal molding techniques, and the primary ...
Baker Graham J - - 2014
Historians have regularly acknowledged the significance of religious faith to the eugenics movement in Britain and the USA. However, much of this scholarship suggests a polarised relationship of either conflict or consensus. Where Christian believers participated in the eugenics movement this has been represented as an abandonment of 'orthodox' theology, ...
Eastwick Paul W PW Department of Human Development and Family Sciences, University of Texas at - - 2014
This article elaborates on evolutionary perspectives relevant to the meta-analytic portion of our recent review (Eastwick, Luchies, Finkel, & Hunt, 2014). We suggested that if men and women evolved sex-differentiated ideals (i.e., mate preferences), then they should exhibit sex-differentiated desires (e.g., romantic attraction) and/or relational outcomes (e.g., relationship satisfaction) with ...
Hurvitz Keith A KA Long Beach and Orange, Calif. From Aesthetic and Reconstructive Plastic Surgery; and the Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery Institute, University of California, Irvine Medical - - 2014
After studying this article, the participant should be able to: (1) Develop a surgical plan for improving the contour of the abdominal region by means of abdominoplasty surgery. (2) Describe the current modalities for preventing and managing perioperative pain associated with abdominoplasty surgery. (3) Discuss proper techniques for safely performing ...
Brown Jennifer J Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California, Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The US Cystic Fibrosis Foundation has guidelines for culturing respiratory tract specimens from patients with cystic fibrosis. Pulmonary physicians were surveyed regarding their use of these extensive cystic fibrosis culture protocols for patients without cystic fibrosis. The survey results and a discussion of the implications of these practices are reported.
Kubo Naoshi N Department of Surgical Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University 1-4-3 Asahimachi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, Japan. - - 2014
Pulmonary complications (PCs) after esophagectomy for patients with esophageal cancer have been correlated with prolonged hospital stays and in-hospital mortality. Previous studies have shown that minimally-invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is associated with a lower rate of PCs compared to conventional open surgery. Although PCs were reportedly associated with many factors, including ...
Park Min-Su MS Department of Surgery, School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. - - 2014
(18)F-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission with computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET-CT) is an imaging technique based on the increased uptake of glucose characteristically seen in malignant lesions. The preoperative maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) of PET-CT has been identified as a powerful significant prognostic factor for predicting recurrence in malignant tumors. Therefore, the aim ...
Nguyen Vinh Quang VQ Department of Management System Engineering, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hino, Tokyo, - - 2014
To lighten the workload of health care professionals, we conducted a clinical test of a newly developed automated infection screening system using a multivariable logistic regression model. The system was tested with 44 influenza patients and 45 healthy control subjects based on 3 vital signs: facial temperature, heart rate and ...
Zhu Suwei S Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering Department, University of California Los Angeles, 420 Westwood Plaza, 5532-C Boelter Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2014
The ability to design artificial extracellular matrices as cell instructive scaffolds has opened the door to technologies capable of studying cell fates in vitro and to guide tissue repair in vivo. One main component of the design of artificial extracellular matrices is the incorporation of protein-based biochemical cues to guide ...
Darsalia Vladimer V Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Internal Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, SE-118 83, Stockholm, - - 2014
Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability in Westernized societies with increased incidence along ageing and it represents a major health and economical threat. Inactive lifestyle, smoking, hypertension, atherosclerosis, obesity and diabetes all dramatically increase the risk of stroke. While preventive strategies based on lifestyle changes and risk factor ...
Qiu Fang F State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, 200092, Shanghai, - - 2014
Environmental problems as well as their related ecosystem stress and human health risk in China have raised wide concerns along with the rapid economic development in recent years. Numerous studies with a sharp increase in publication number have addressed the ubiquitous of anthropogenic chemicals in various environmental compartments and human ...
Takala Heikki H 1] Nanoscience Center, Department of Biological and Environmental Science, University of Jyväskylä, 40014 Jyväskylä, Finland [2] Department of Chemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Gothenburg, 40530 Gothenburg, Sweden - - 2014
Sensory proteins must relay structural signals from the sensory site over large distances to regulatory output domains. Phytochromes are a major family of red-light-sensing kinases that control diverse cellular functions in plants, bacteria and fungi. Bacterial phytochromes consist of a photosensory core and a carboxy-terminal regulatory domain. Structures of photosensory ...
Zhang Jian J Shandong Key Laboratory of Water Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science & Engineering, Shandong University, Jinan, 250100, People's Republic of - - 2014
The quantification of oxygen release by plants in different stages of wetland plant life cycle was made in this study. Results obtained from 1 year measurement in subsurface wetland microcosms demonstrated that oxygen release from Phragmites australis varied from 108.89 to 404.44 mg O2/m(2)/d during the different periods from budding to dormancy. ...
Wiersema K K Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, - - 2014
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are most probably powered by collimated relativistic outflows (jets) from accreting black holes at cosmological distances. Bright afterglows are produced when the outflow collides with the ambient medium. Afterglow polarization directly probes the magnetic properties of the jet when measured minutes after the burst, and it probes ...
Kil Eui-Joon EJ Department of Genetic Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 300 Cheoncheon-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, 440-746, Republic of - - 2014
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV), a member of the genus Begomovirus, has a single-stranded DNA genome. TYLCV can induce severe disease symptoms on tomato plants, but other hosts plants such as cucurbits and peppers are asymptomatic. A full-length DNA clone of a Korean TYLCV isolate was constructed by rolling-circle ...
Zamani Isaac I Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Isfahan, Hezar Jereeb Street, 81746-73441, Isfahan, - - 2014
Here, we report the first genome sequence of a new virulent phage of Microbacterium oxydans, termed vB_MoxS-ISF9, which was isolated from sewage. Transmission electron microscopy showed that the isolated phage, which has a hexagonal head of about 80 nm in diameter and a long non-contractile tail of about 240 nm, belongs to ...
Huang Meijin M International Joint Cancer Institute, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200433, - - 2014
Cell adhesion molecule 2 (CADM2) is an immunoglobulin (Ig)-like cell adhesion molecule, which belongs to the CADMs family. The four members of CADMs family including three Ig-like domains and a short cytoplasmic tail share high degree of identity with each other, making it difficult to specifically identify each members using ...
Yip V L M VL Department of Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, The University of Liverpool, The Wolfson Centre for Personalised Medicines, Block A: Waterhouse Buildings 1-5 Prescot Street, Liverpool, L69 3GL, - - 2014
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are common and are a major problem in drug therapy. Patients experience unnecessary morbidity and mortality whilst many effective drugs are withdrawn because of ADRs in a minority of patients. Recent studies have demonstrated significant associations between human leukocyte antigens (HLA) and predisposition to ADRs such ...
Latour Isabel I Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemistry, Complutense University of Madrid, Avda. Complutense s/n, 28040, Madrid, - - 2014
High silica content of de-inked paper mill effluents is limiting their regeneration and reuse after membrane treatments such as reverse osmosis (RO). Silica removal during softening processes is a common treatment; however, the effluent from the paper mill studied has a low hardness content, which makes the addition of magnesium ...
Garmendia Larraitz L Research Center for Experimental Marine Biology and Biotechnology, PIE-UPV/EHU, E48620, Plentzia, Basque Country, Spain, - - 2014
Environmental specimen banks (ESBs) are not a new phenomenon, but in the last decades, the steep rate in the establishment of new ESBs is a sign to address new research approaches for scientists. In this way, environmental biobanking is becoming a well-organized and effective vehicle to collect samples of high ...
Selvaggi Federico F Department of Surgery, "G. d'Annunzio" University, Chieti-Pescara, - - 2014
Approximately 20 % of patients affected by pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma are amenable to surgical resection. Several tumours are reported as "borderline resectable" because of their proximity to the major vessels. In the effort to achieve a radical tumour removal, vein resection has been proposed, but its oncological benefits remain debated. Our ...
Ferrari Robert R Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, 13-103 Clinical Sciences Building, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2P4, Canada, - - 2014
Current Canadian osteoporosis guidelines recommend routine bone density screening of men at age 65. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis in men aged 65-75 in after application of screening guidelines. All males aged 65-75 years who attended a large primary care clinic were advised of ...
Han Xue-Mei XM State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, - - 2014
Soil pollution caused by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) is threatening human health and environmental safety. Investigating the relative prevalence of different PAH-degrading genes in PAH-polluted soils and searching for potential bioindicators reflecting the impact of PAH pollution on microbial communities are useful for microbial monitoring, risk evaluation, and potential bioremediation ...
Zhang Chengjun C Centre for AgriBioscience, La Trobe University, Melbourne Campus, Bundoora, VIC, 3086, - - 2014
Many polluted sites are typically characterized by contamination with multiple heavy metals, drought, salinity, and nutrient deficiencies. Here, an Australian native succulent halophytic plant species, Carpobrotus rossii (Haw.) Schwantes (Aizoaceae) was investigated to assess its tolerance and phytoextraction potential of Cd, Zn, and the combination of Cd and Zn, when ...
King Jessica E JE Department of Neurology, Children's National Medical Center, 111 Michigan Ave. NW, Washington, DC, 20010, - - 2014
Uniparental disomy is a genetic cause of disease that may result in the inheritance of an autosomal recessive condition. A child with developmental delay and hypotonia was seen and found to have severely abnormal myelination. Lysosomal enzyme testing identified an isolated deficiency of beta-galactosidase. Subsequently, homozygous missense mutations in the ...
Ruwanpathirana T T Family Health Bureau, Ministry of Health, Colombo, Sri Lanka, - - 2014
To identify the risk factors for small for gestational age (SGA) babies. The present study was a nested case control study which was carried out by two Medical Officers of Health areas (The field level administrative unit responsible for provision of preventive and promotive health services) in Colombo district. SGA ...
Zhang Fei-Gong FG Department of General Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, 200003, China, - - 2014
Gastric cancer is the second highest cause of global cancer mortality. Genome-wide screening of transcriptome dysregulation between cancer and normal tissues would provide insights into the molecular basis of gastric cancer initiation and progression. Recently, next-generation sequencing technique has started to revolutionize biomedical studies. RNA-seq method has become a superior ...
Chong James J H JJ 1] Center for Cardiovascular Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA [2] Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98109, USA [3] Department of Cardiology Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales 2145, Australia [4] School of Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia [5] Department of Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA [6] University of Sydney School of Medicine, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia and Westmead Millennium Institute and Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales 2145, - - 2014
Pluripotent stem cells provide a potential solution to current epidemic rates of heart failure by providing human cardiomyocytes to support heart regeneration. Studies of human embryonic-stem-cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hESC-CMs) in small-animal models have shown favourable effects of this treatment. However, it remains unknown whether clinical-scale hESC-CM transplantation is feasible, safe or ...
Larson Reed W RW University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA, - - 2014
The process of positive development for adolescents includes struggling to address a wide variety of complex, often unstated bio-psycho-social-cultural challenges. These include formulating workable values, learning self-regulation, preparation for adult work roles-and innumerable other un-tidy puzzles. Variable-based research can only scratch the surface of how youth go about these processes; ...
Fracchia Sebastián S Centro Regional de Investigaciones Científicas y Transferencia Tecnológica, CRILAR-CONICET, Entre Ríos y Mendoza, 5301, Anillaco, La Rioja, Argentina, - - 2014
Gavilea australis is a terrestrial orchid endemic from insular south Argentina and Chile. Meeting aspects of mycorrhizal fungi identity and compatibility in this orchid species is essential for propagation and conservation purposes. These knowledge represent also a first approach to elucidate the mycorrhizal specificity of this species. In order to ...
Aravindh R R Department of Histopathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2014
Human parvovirus B19 (PVB19) is linked to variety of diseases, including erythema infectiosum, transient aplastic crisis, fetal hydrops, cardiomyopathy and, recently, hepatitis and arthritis. Persistence of PVB19 in asymptomatic individuals has been reported in skin, synovium, myocardium and bone marrow. A higher level of PVB19 DNA has been observed in ...
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