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Guillemot Joannès - - 2014
The structure of a forest stand, i.e. the distribution of tree size features, has strong effects on its functioning. The management of the structure is therefore an important tool in mitigating the impact of predicted changes in climate on forests, especially with respect to drought. Here, a new functional-structural model ...
Boudon Frédéric - - 2014
Automatic acquisition of plant architecture is a major challenge for the construction of quantitative models of plant development. Recently, 3-D laser scanners have made it possible to acquire 3-D images representing a sampling of an object's surface. A number of specific methods have been proposed to reconstruct plausible branching structures ...
Gotostos Mary Jane N MJ a Department of Chemical Engineering , University of the Philippines , Diliman , Quezon City , - - 2014
In this work, a novel photocatalyst K3[Fe(CN)6]/TiO2 synthesized via a simple sol-gel method was utilized to degrade acetaminophen (ACT) under visible light with the use of blue and green LED lights. Parameters (medium pH, initial concentration of reactant, catalyst concentration, temperature, and number of blue LED lights) affecting photocatalytic degradation ...
Karaca Gizem G a Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering , Uludag University , Nilufer / Bursa , - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify the temporal variations in PAH concentrations in the sediment at different locations on the Nilufer Creek moving along an industrial city. The distribution of various PAH species and their possible sources were determined. Sediment samples were taken from at eight different locations ...
Delazare Thais T a Institute of Chemistry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro , Rio de Janeiro , - - 2014
Hydrotalcite is a layered double hydroxide (LDH) consisting of brucite-like sheets of metal ions (Mg-Al). In this work, hydrotalcites were synthesized, and boron removal from oilfield wastewater was evaluated. LDHs were synthesized using the co-precipitation method. The calcined products (CLDHs) were obtained by heating at 500°C and characterized using X-ray ...
Nelson Wendy W a Institute of Marine Affairs , Chaguaramas , Trinidad and Tobago , West - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to obtain data for trace metals in the sponge, Ircinia felix, and sediments found in coastal areas of north-western Trinidad, and to determine whether this sponge could be useful as a biomonitor for selected metals. Three sets of sediment and tissue samples were collected ...
Massanyi Peter P a Department of Animal Physiology , Slovak University of Agriculture , Nitra , Slovak - - 2014
Environmental pollution results in serious health hazards to animals and blood analysis serves as a good alternative for health status assessment. The target of this study was to analyze the concentration of selected metals in equine blood, to analyze the blood parameters and to find possible correlations. Blood samples were ...
Sherchan Samendra P SP a Department of Soil, Water, and Environmental Science , University of Arizona , Tucson , Arizona , - - 2014
Various studies have shown that advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) such as UV light in combination with hydrogen peroxide is an efficient process for the removal of a large variety of emerging contaminants including microorganisms. The mechanism of destruction in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is the enhanced formation of ...
Todt Daniel D a Department for Plant and Environmental Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences , Ås , - - 2014
This study assesses the total suspended solids (TSS) retention capacity of different organic filter media for two potential applications: (i) a polishing unit for package treatment plants and (ii) a pretreatment for blackwater from low-flushing toilets. The results showed that the peat filter media used can be significantly improved in ...
Chaiphet Thitiphan T a Trace Analysis and Biosensor Research Center , Prince of Songkla University , Hat Yai , Songkhla , - - 2014
A novel microextractor stick (MES) has been developed for the determination of trace amounts of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water samples. The proposed MES was prepared by electrodepositing a Zn-film onto a stainless steel stick followed by a coating with polyaniline (PANI) sorptive layers. This PANI/Zn-film/stainless steel stick produced ...
Bhatnagar Rajendra R a Department of Hydrology, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee , Roorkee , Uttarakhand , - - 2014
In the present article, studies have been performed on the electrochemical (EC) oxidation of actual textile industry wastewater by graphite electrodes. Multi-response optimization of four independent parameters namely initial pH (pHo): 4-10, current density (j): 27.78-138.89 A/m(2), NaCl concentration (w): 0-2 g/L and electrolysis time (t): 10-130 min have been performed using ...
Tressler Adam A a Haley & Aldrich, Inc. , Parsippany , New Jersey , - - 2014
Permanganates have been used for in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) projects since the 1990s. Unfortunately, there has been very little research performed on the phenomenon of concentration rebound after ISCO. Most research on ISCO has focused on demonstrating effectiveness, estimating kinetics, or quantifying the effects of reaction products. Only one ...
Iranmanesh Sobhan S a Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering , University of Calgary , Calgary , Alberta , - - 2014
In oil sands mining extraction, water is an essential component; however, the processed water becomes contaminated through contact with the bitumen at high temperature, and a portion of it cannot be recycled and ends up in tailing ponds. The removal of naphthenic acids (NAs) from tailing pond water is crucial, ...
Huang Manhong M a School of Environmental Science and Engineering , Donghua University , Shanghai , People's Republic of - - 2014
The reactor performance and microbial community composition of sequencing batch reactor (SBR) under aerobic and anoxic conditions were investigated in this study. The experimental results showed high chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency. The tetracycline (TC) removal efficiencies were not obviously affected by aerobic and anoxic conditions, and were 64-97 ...
Xie Zhi-Zhong ZZ Department of Pharmacology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore , Singapore , - - 2014
Abstract Aims: Mitochondrion is considered as the major source of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS). H2S has been reported to be an antioxidant, but its mechanism remains largely elusive. P66Shc is an upstream activator of mitochondrial redox signaling. The aim of this study was to explore whether the antioxidant effect ...
Vera Candioti Luciana L Laboratorio de Desarrollo Analítico y Quimiometría (LADAQ), Cátedra de Química Analítica I, Facultad de Bioquímica y Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, C.C. 242, S3000ZAA Santa Fe, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Avda. Rivadavia 1917, CP C1033AAJ, Buenos Aires, - - 2014
A review about the application of response surface methodology (RSM) when several responses have to be simultaneously optimized in the field of analytical methods development is presented. Several critical issues like response transformation, multiple response optimization and modeling with least squares and artificial neural networks are discussed. Most recent analytical ...
Gutiérrez J J Grupo de I+D en Sensores (GRIDSEN), Instituto de Tecnologías Electrónicas y de la Información (ITEFI), CSIC, C/Serrano 144, 28006 Madrid, - - 2014
The artificial olfaction, based on electronic systems (electronic noses), includes three basic functions that operate on an odorant: a sample handler, an array of gas sensors, and a signal-processing method. The response of these artificial systems can be the identity of the odorant, an estimate concentration of the odorant, or ...
Watanabe Makoto M First Department of Internal Medicine, Nara Medical University, Nara, - - 2014
To identify preprocedural predictors of side branch (SB) complications after coronary bifurcation stent implantation using frequency domain optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT). Coronary bifurcation lesions are common but difficult to treat. Longitudinal reconstruction images of FD-OCT have high image quality and less motion artifacts. Among 49 patients (age: 69.9 years) who ...
Mathieu Erin E School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Campbelltown, NSW 2560, - - 2014
To explore the theoretical justification for blinding in randomized trials and make recommendations concerning the implementation and interpretation of blinded randomized trials. A theoretical analysis was conducted of the potential for bias in randomized trials with successful blinding (ie, trials in which beliefs about allocation to treatment or control groups ...
Manning Lisa L Department of Cardiovascular Sciences and NIHR Biomedical Research Unit in Cardiovascular Disease, University of Leicester, Leicester, UK, - - 2014
Neurological hypertensive emergencies cause significant morbidity and mortality. Most occur in the setting of ischaemic stroke, spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), or subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but other causes relate to hypertensive encephalopathy and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS). Prompt and controlled reduction of blood pressure (BP) is necessary, although there remains ...
Colombo Alessandro A Cardiology Division, European Institute of Oncology, I.R.C.C.S., Via Ripamonti 435, 20141, Milan, Italy, - - 2014
Both conventional and novel antineoplastic drugs may cause damage to the heart, ultimately affecting patients' survival and quality of life. In fact, the most frequent and typical clinical manifestation of cardiotoxicity, asymptomatic or symptomatic left ventricular dysfunction, may be induced not only by conventional cancer therapy, like anthracyclines, but also ...
Kelleher Cecily C CC UCD School of Public Health, Physiotherapy and Population Science, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Republic of Ireland, - - 2014
Multicomponent tobacco control strategies are crucial to combat the ongoing global smoking challenge. In the twenty-first century, many countries have signed up to the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, and in recent years a mounting number of countries and regions have implemented partial or complete smoking bans ...
Colloca Luana L National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Building 15K, Room 203, Bethesda, MD, 20892-1156, USA, - - 2014
Placebo analgesia makes individuals experience relief of their pain simply by virtue of the anticipation of a benefit. A reduction of pain can occur also when placebos follow the administration of active and effective painkillers. In fact, studies indicate that placebos mimic the action of active treatments and promote the ...
Sahin Irfan I aDepartment of Cardiology, Bagcilar Public Education and Research Hospital bDepartment of Cardiology, Istanbul Medicine Hospital cDepartment of Cardiology, Siyami Ersek Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery Center, Istanbul, - - 2014
The serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level has shown to be a prognostic factor in myocardial infarction and peripheral vascular disease by its promoting effect on vascular calcification. A few recent studies also showed that elevated ALP levels were associated with mortality and unfavorable prognosis in coronary artery disease (CAD). Herein, ...
Wagle Shukla Aparna A Department of Neurology and Center for Movement Disorders and Neurorestoration, University of Florida, 3450 Hull Road, Gainesville, FL, 32607, USA, - - 2014
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has served as an important technological breakthrough in the field of the physiology of movement disorders over the last three decades. TMS has grown popular owing to the ease of application as well as its painless and noninvasive character. The technique has provide important insights into ...
Khan Deirdre D Department of Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg R3T 2N2, - - 2014
Filling, protection, and dispersal of angiosperm seeds are largely dependent on the development of the maternally derived seed coat. The development of the seed coat in plants such as Arabidopsis thaliana and Glycine max (soybean) is regulated by a complex network of genes and gene products responsible for the establishment ...
Elbaum Rivka R RH Smith Institute for Plant Sciences and genetics in Agriculture, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot 7010001, Israel. Electronic address: - - 2014
As non-motile organisms, plants develop means to spread their progenies. Hygroscopic movement is a very common mechanism employed in seed dispersal. This type of movement is created when the tissue desiccates and the cell walls dry and shrink. A contraction force develops, the direction and strength of which depends on ...
Feltus F Alex FA Department of Genetics and Biochemistry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Understanding the control of any trait optimally requires the detection of causal genes, gene interaction, and mechanism of action to discover and model the biochemical pathways underlying the expressed phenotype. Functional genomics techniques, including RNA expression profiling via microarray and high-throughput DNA sequencing, allow for the precise genome localization of ...
Castilhos Graciela G Programa de Pós-Graduação em Genética e Biologia Molecular, Dep. Genética, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, - - 2014
Water deficiency decreases plant growth and productivity. Several mechanisms are activated in response to dehydration that allows plants to cope with stress, including factors controlling stomatal aperture and ramified root system development. In addition, ABA metabolism is also implicated in the regulation of drought responses. The basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) proteins, ...
Dingler Felix A FA MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, - - 2014
Excision of uracil introduced into the immunoglobulin loci by AID is central to antibody diversification. While predominantly carried out by the UNG uracil-DNA glycosylase as reflected by deficiency in immunoglobulin class switching in Ung(-/-) mice, the deficiency is incomplete, as evidenced by the emergence of switched IgG in the serum ...
Coon Kerri L KL Department of Entomology, The University of Georgia, 120 Cedar Street, 420 Biological Sciences, Athens, GA, 30602, - - 2014
Field studies indicate adult mosquitoes (Culicidae) host low diversity communities of bacteria that vary greatly among individuals and species. In contrast, it remains unclear how adult mosquitoes acquire their microbiome, what influences community structure, and whether the microbiome is important for survival. Here, we used pyrosequencing of 16S rRNA to ...
Noor M Omair MO Chemical Sensors Group, Department of Chemical and Physical Sciences, University of Toronto Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road North, Mississauga, ON L5L 1C6, - - 2014
The unique electronic properties and miniaturized dimensions of silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are attractive for label-free, real-time and sensitive detection of biomolecules. Sensors based on SiNWs operate as field effect transistors (FETs) and can be fabricated either by top-down or bottom-up approaches. Advances in fabrication methods have allowed for the control ...
Allen George - - 2014
In recent years, researchers have developed an increasing awareness of the role of the environment in the development of health care-associated infections. AORN's "Recommended practices for environmental cleaning" is an evidence-based document that provides specific guidance for cleaning processes, for the selection of appropriate cleaning equipment and supplies, and for ...
Frederick Dorothea - - 2014
The literature suggests that acts of bullying are a root cause of new nurses leaving their units or the profession entirely and have the potential to worsen the nursing shortage. As an effective way to address bullying in the perioperative setting, mentoring benefits the nursing profession. Mentoring can have a ...
Herd Hope A - - 2014
Having clear personal communication with a surgical patient's family members decreases the anxiety and increases patient and family member satisfaction. Perioperative team members at one East Coast community hospital implemented a new approach to communication in the perioperative area to address patient satisfaction after patient survey scores declined in the ...
Kempe Allison A Children's Outcomes Research Program, The Children's Hospital, Aurora, Colo; Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colo. Electronic address: - - 2014
School-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) may be instrumental in achieving high vaccination rates among children. Sustainability of SLIV programs may require third-party billing. This study assessed, among parents of elementary school students, the attitudes about SLIV and billing at school, as well as factors associated with being supportive of SLIV. We ...
Saville Alison W AW Children's Outcomes Research Program, The Children's Hospital, Denver, Colo. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the following among parents of young children: 1) preferences about the source of immunization reminder/recall (R/R) messages, 2) the degree of acceptability of different R/R modalities, and 3) factors that influence preferences, including rural and urban characteristics. We conducted a survey among parents of children 19 to 35 ...
Gosenca Darko - - 2014
Eosinophilia-associated myeloid neoplasms with rearrangement of chromosome bands 5q31-33 are frequently associated with PDGFRB fusion genes, which are exquisitely sensitive to treatment with imatinib. In search for novel fusion partners of PDGFRB, we analyzed three cases with translocation t(5;20)(q33;p11), t(5;14)(q33;q32), and t(5;17;14)(q33;q11;q32) by 5′-rapid amplification of cDNA ends polymerase chain ...
Yin H Shonna HS Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine and Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the degree to which recommended provider counseling strategies, including advanced communication techniques and dosing instrument provision, are associated with reductions in parent liquid medication dosing errors. Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data on provider communication and dosing instrument provision from a study of a health literacy intervention to reduce ...
Macy Michelle L ML Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich; Child Health Evaluation and Research (CHEAR) Unit, Division of General Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich; University of Michigan Injury Center, Ann Arbor, Mich. Electronic address: - - 2014
Driver distraction has been identified as a threat to individual drivers and public health. Motor vehicle collisions remain a leading cause of death for children, yet little is known about distractions among drivers of children. This study sought to characterize potential distractions among drivers of children. A 2-site, cross-sectional, computerized ...
Dudas Robert A RA Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md. Electronic address: - - 2014
One of the greatest challenges for clerkship directors is assigning a final grade and determining the precise point at which a student either passes or fails a clinical clerkship. The process of incorporating both subjective and objective assessment data to provide a final summative grade can be challenging. We describe ...
Zuckerman Katharine E KE Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Ore; Division of General Pediatrics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Ore. Electronic address: - - 2014
Latino children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) at older ages and at the point of more severe symptoms. We sought to qualitatively describe community, family, and health care system barriers to ASD diagnosis in Latino children. Five focus groups and 4 qualitative interviews were conducted with 33 parents ...
Zhang Pan P Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New - - 2014
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) can be divided into two different clinical entities based on their association with high-risk subtypes of human papilloma virus (HPV16 and HPV18). Dissimilarities in prognosis and molecular profiles have attracted much attention in recent years, in part because of increasing rates of HPV ...
Xing Shu S Key Laboratory of Protein and Peptide Pharmaceuticals, Center for Infection and Immunity, and the Chinese Academy of Sciences-University of Tokyo Joint Laboratory of Structural Virology and Immunology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, - - 2014
Recently, enhanced CD146 expression was reported on endothelial cells in intestinal biopsies from patients with inflammatory bowel disease. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. Here, we found that overexpressed endothelial CD146 promoted the inflammatory responses in inflammatory bowel disease, which further potentiated the occurrence of colitis-associated colorectal carcinogenesis. Eliminating endothelial ...
Tai Andrew A Department of Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Women's and Children' Hospital, North Adelaide, South Australia, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Atopic conditions are prevalent in the Western world, with limited long-term data on atopic trends in patients with asthma. To describe the trends in eczema, rhinitis, and allergic sensitization in a longitudinal childhood asthma cohort. Four hundred eighty-four patients were recruited at 7 years of age and followed regularly to ...
Angeli Simon I SI Department of Otolaryngology, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, Florida, - - 2014
This study aimed to evaluate outcomes of the middle fossa (MF) superior vestibular neurectomy in unilateral Ménière's disease. Case series with preoperative and postoperative analysis of the 1995 American Academy of Otolaryngology hearing stage and vertigo class, gait instability, and results of vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP). Four out of the ...
Moon Mi Hyoung MH Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, Catholic University, Seoul, - - 2014
A 62-year-old woman with Takayasu arteritis and 2 prior aortic valve replacements, was admitted with unstable angina. Computed tomographic angiography showed a newly developed right coronary artery-to-right bronchial artery fistula. Because of dense aortic calcification, catheter embolization was undertaken, which was successful. We believe the acquired coronary artery fistula developed ...
Iki Masayuki M Department of Public Health, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a major burden on modern society because of its high prevalence and tragic consequences due to fractures. According to population-based epidemiologic studies, number of people with osteoporosis in Japan was estimated to be 13 million in 2005, and only 20% of them were under treatment. Osteoporosis is a ...
Muraki Shigeyuki S Department of Clinical Motor System Medicine, 22nd Century Medical and Research Center, The University of Tokyo, - - 2014
A longitudinal analysis using a population-based cohort study known as Research on Osteoarthritis/osteoporosis Against Disability (ROAD) clarified the associations of physical performance and bone and joint diseases with falls. A total of 452 men and 896 women were analyzed in the present study (mean age, 63.9 years) . A questionnaire ...
Moriwaki Kensuke K Department of Medical Statistics, Kobe Pharmaceutical University, - - 2014
Osteoporotic fractures are associated with increased mortality, and impose a huge financial burden on healthcare systems. Preventing osteoporotic fractures in the elderly therefore represents an important issue in health economics. In recent years, it has also become increasingly important to consider the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of health technologies. Here ...
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