Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 5265
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Garner Elizabeth E Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to characterize family history profiles of unaffected individuals diagnosed with Lynch syndrome in the absence of a known family mutation. We queried our laboratory database for unaffected patients who were positive for Lynch syndrome genetic testing between September 2010 and May 2013. All individuals ...
Goss Mary Ann MA Merck, North Wales, - - 2014
Human papillomavirus (HPV) 6/11/16/18 vaccine (qHPV vaccine) is a quadrivalent vaccine for the prevention of cervical, vulvar, and vaginal cancers; their respective precancers; and genital warts caused by these vaccine types. As of December 2012, more than 50 million doses of qHPV vaccine have been distributed in the United States ...
Zhao Yan Y Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, - - 2014
Early detection of cervical dysplasia can reduce the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer, but unnecessary testing may lead to invasive evaluation and psychological harm. In 2012 the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists published revised cervical cancer screening guidelines. This study aims to assess the knowledge and awareness of ...
Garbe Gretchen G Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, - - 2014
The following is a case of a monochorionic-triamnionic triplet pregnancy after embryo transfer after in vitro fertilization. A 29-year-old woman with a history of unexplained infertility underwent controlled ovarian hyperstimulation and transvaginal retrieval of 21 metaphase II oocytes. Fertilization was accomplished using intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and two fresh embryos were ...
Sasa Hidenori H National Defense Medical College, Tokorozawa, Saitama, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare low-dose dienogest with low-dose danazol for the long-term treatment of adenomyosis because evidence regarding the effects of its long-term use is scarce. We compared 20 patients receiving low-dose dienogest treatment with 22 patients receiving low-dose danazol treatment for endometriosis including adenomyosis. We ...
Gal Noga N The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate English-language Smartphone applications currently available to promote consistent oral contraceptive use. Official mobile application platforms were searched using the terms "birth control," "the pill," and "contraception." For each application we collected: health care professionals' involvement in application development, download (purchase) cost, ...
Barchi Francis F a Rutgers - - 2014
This article presents a review of the literature, summarizes current initiatives, and provides a heuristic for assessing the effectiveness of a range of institutional review board (IRB) collaborative strategies that can reduce the regulatory burden of ethics review while ensuring protection of human subjects, with a particular focus on international ...
Sheen Tzong-Chyi TC Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yuan's General Hospital, No. 162, Chenggong 1st Rd., Kaohsiung 802, - - 2014
Nonreassuring fetal status (NRFS) refers to a compromised fetal condition which implies hypoxia. The influence of intrapartum hypoxia on autonomic nervous system function in early postnatal life is unknown. This study explored the influence of NRFS on the heart rate variability (HRV) of newborn infants. Singleton newborn infants delivered through ...
Fleischhacker Sn S Clinic of Small Animal Medicine, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Veterinärstr. 13, 80539, Munich, - - 2014
Urinary tract infections caused by Corynebacterium urealyticum are uncommon in veterinary medicine. Encrusted cystitis, encrusted pyelitis and uroliths have been described as complications in humans, but only encrusted cystitis and cystoliths have been reported in dogs so far. Because C. urealyticum is usually resistant to all standard antibacterial drugs, antimicrobial ...
Croft Ia Ia School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Charles Sturt University, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, - - 2014
To determine the effect of providing a urea-molasses supplement to cattle during feedlot introduction on average daily gain, carcase weight and bovine respiratory disease (BRD) morbidity and mortality. Commercial mixed sex, mixed breed cattle (387.4 ± 0.2 kg) were systematically allocated to receive 2.1 L/animal of urea-molasses during feedlot introduction (n = ...
Marschner C C Koala Infectious Diseases Research Group, Faculty of Veterinary Science, McMaster Building B14, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
A retrospective review of case records of ultrasonography and necropsy outcomes of 62 koalas was used to investigate the accuracy of ultrasonography in assessing koala urogenital tract structural disease at the Port Macquarie Koala Hospital. The results showed high concordance, supporting ultrasonography as an effective tool for evaluating structural disease ...
Philip Swetha Sara SS Dept of Ophthalmology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, South - - 2014
Cerebral visual impairment (CVI) comprises visual malfunction due to retro-chiasmal visual and visual association pathway pathology. This can be isolated or accompany anterior visual pathway dysfunction. It is a major cause of low vision in children in the developed and developing world due to increasing survival in paediatric and neonatal ...
Brown Stephen S Alfred Denny Building, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Sheffield, Yorkshire, S10 2TN, UK. - - 2014
The Sheffield RNAi Screening Facility (SRSF) (www.rnai.group.shef.ac.uk) was established in 2008 with Wellcome Trust and University of Sheffield funding, with the task to provide the first UK RNAi screening resource for academic groups interested in identifying genes required in a diverse range of biological processes using Drosophila cell culture. The ...
Chang Ellen T ET Health Sciences Practice, Exponent, Inc. , Menlo Park, CA, Bowie, MD, and Bellevue, WA , - - 2014
Abstract Geographic modeling is increasingly being used to estimate long-term environmental exposures in epidemiologic studies of chronic disease outcomes. However, without validation against measured environmental concentrations, personal exposure levels, or biologic doses, these models cannot be assumed a priori to be accurate. This article discusses three examples of epidemiologic associations ...
Bowers Len L Institute of Psychiatry, Kings College London, - - 2014
Measures to keep staff and patients safe (containment) frequently involve coercion. A small proportion of patients is subject to a large proportion of containment use. To reduce the use of containment, we need a better understanding of the circumstances in which it is used and the understandings of patients and ...
Smith Angela B AB Department of Urology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but data on the effect of comorbidities are limited. Therefore, our purpose was to determine the effect of comorbidity on VTE risk among patients with RCC. A population-based cohort of all patients with RCC (n = 8,633) diagnosed in Denmark ...
Eggener Scott - - 2014
The purpose of this analysis was to compare long-term urinary, bowel, and sexual function after radical prostatectomy or external-beam radiation therapy. The Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study (PCOS) enrolled 3533 men in whom prostate cancer had been diagnosed in 1994 or 1995. The current cohort comprised 1655 men in whom localized ...
Boorjian Stephen - - 2014
To evaluate the role of cytoreductive radiofrequency ablation (cRFA) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with small primary tumours treated with immuno- or targeted therapy. To assess the efficacy of sunitinib in patients with metastatic RCC with unresected small primary tumours. Three parallel single-arm prospective studies were conducted. ...
Pinto Rui R Department of Urology, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Portugal; Faculty of Medicine of Porto, Portugal; Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology, University of Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine whether intratrigonal Onabotulinum toxin A (OnabotA) injection produces a different symptomatic outcome and duration of effect on ulcerative (Ulc) and nonulcerative (NUlc) bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) patients and to compare the urinary levels of neurotrophines (NGF, BDNF, and GDNF) in response to OnabotA. Ten Ulc and 14 ...
Wang Linhui L Department of Urology, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, People's Republic of - - 2014
To evaluate the association of tumor size, renal nephrometry systems (RNSs), including RENAL, centrality index (C-index), preoperative aspects and dimensions used for anatomical, and diameter-axial-polar scoring, and individual categories of these RNSs with warm ischemia time (WIT). A single surgeon's series of robotic partial nephrectomy patients for whom RNS was ...
Skeldon Sean C SC Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
To determine patients' knowledge regarding their nerve-sparing status (NSS) after radical prostatectomy (RP) and what factors during their clinical treatment are associated with this. One hundred consecutive patients attending an erectile dysfunction clinic in Toronto, Canada, with a prior RP were surveyed from December 2010 to June 2011. Patients were ...
Sartor Carolyn E CE Departments of Genetics and Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Cocaine users typically try alcohol or marijuana before cocaine, but this ordering of substance use initiation is not universal. Characterizing cocaine-dependent users who deviate from the typical sequence may be informative for understanding the multiple pathways to cocaine dependence. Method: Data were drawn from cocaine-dependent participants (N = ...
Hodgins Kathryn K School of Biological Science, Monash University, Blg18, Clayton, Vic., 3800, - - 2014
Large-scale anthropogenic changes in the environment are reshaping global biodiversity and the evolutionary trajectory of many species. Evolutionary mechanisms that allow organisms to thrive in this rapidly changing environment are just beginning to be investigated (Hoffmann & Sgrò ; Colautti & Barrett ). Weedy and invasive species represent 'success stories' ...
Harada Atsushi A National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology, - - 2014
The prevalence of sarcopenia diagnosed only by muscle mass in the elderly ranged from 12% to 50%, when muscle mass was measured by DXA with high accuracy. In Japanese elderly, it was reportedly 12%, 24%, 40%, and 53% in the 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s men, respectively, and 24%, 21%, ...
Hagino Hiroshi H School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, - - 2014
Incidences of fragility fractures, such as of the vertebral and hip, increase with age. Both the number and severity of prevalent vertebral fractures involve independent risk factors for future fractures. However, it has been reported that the vast majority of patients who experience fragility fractures do not receive anti-osteoporotic therapy. ...
Schoenberg Evan D ED From the Price Vision Group, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2014
We describe a technique for closed-chamber iris repair that prevents knot and suture tail exposure into the anterior chamber. This modification of the Siepser sliding slipknot suture technique is particularly important in the setting of combined or future endothelial keratoplasty to prevent mechanical damage to donor endothelium during transplantation. Neither ...
Olsen Thomas T From the University Eye Clinic (Olsen), Aarhus Hospital NBG, Aarhus C, Denmark, and the Augen- und Laserklinik (Hoffmann), Castrop-Rauxel, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the accuracy of the C constant for ray tracing-assisted intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation. Case series. Public university hospital and private clinic. Preoperatively, all intraocular distances were measured using laser biometry. Various IOL designs were studied; powers ranged from -5.0 diopters (D) to +38.0 D. The IOL power ...
Farukhi Aabid M AM From the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, - - 2014
To evaluate 3 phacoemulsification tips of different sizes and determine which size is most efficient in lens fragment removal using 3 ultrasound (US) approaches. John A. Moran Eye Center Laboratories, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Experimental study. Porcine lens nuclei were formalin-soaked for 2 hours then divided into ...
Tarney Christopher C Womack Army Medical Center, Spring Lake, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare ultrasound detection of ureteral jets with cystoscopy in verifying ureteral patency after gynecologic surgery in the operating suite. Twenty women scheduled for gynecologic surgery whose surgeons routinely perform cystoscopy postoperatively were recruited for this study. At the conclusion of the case, transabdominal ...
Dayananda Ila I Planned Parenthood of New York City, New York, - - 2014
Immediate postabortion intrauterine device (IUD) placement has been shown to be safe and is effective in decreasing repeat abortion. Data are available to counsel patients on expulsion, perforation, and infection; however, little has been reported about immediate postoperative pain and recovery after postabortion IUD insertion. We performed a retrospective cohort ...
Kofinas Jason J Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine whether social media, specifically a Facebook page, is an effective tool for improving contraceptive knowledge. English-speaking women 18-45 years old receiving care in an urban academic center obstetrics-gynecology clinic were invited to participate in a randomized trial of standard contraceptive education+pamphlet compared ...
Patton Elizabeth W EW Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars, University of Michigan/Department of Veteran's Affairs, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Acute and chronic leukemia affect one in 75,000-100,000 pregnancies and frequently requires immediate treatment on diagnosis. Based on the scant evidence available, both leukemia and its treatment can have detrimental effects on maternal-fetal health in pregnancy, and pregnant women with leukemia may opt for pregnancy termination or experience a fetal ...
Rapkin Rachel B RB University of South Florida, Tampa, - - 2014
Despite their high efficacy, intrauterine device (IUD) use is limited among nulliparous women, often as a result of fear of pain. Prior studies evaluating pain management during insertion usually include multiparous women and show no benefit. This study evaluates self-administered lidocaine gel before IUD insertion in nulliparous women. Nulliparous women ...
Seidman Larry L Clinical Research of Philadelphia, LLC, Philadelphia, - - 2014
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the combined oral contraceptive regimen LeCette (150 micrograms desogestrel and 20 micrograms ethinyl estradiol for 21 days followed by 10 micrograms of ethinyl estradiol for 7 days) and two different 28-day combined oral contraceptives on ovulation inhibition and return to ovulatory ...
Zapata Mya R MR University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
As many as one third of female health care providers use intrauterine contraception, but only 7.7% of U.S. women overall do. This begs the question: Might physician self-disclosure of intrauterine contraception use increase intrauterine contraception uptake among patients? However, the positive (or negative) effect of physician self-disclosure on intrauterine contraception ...
Eichelberger Kacey Y KY Greenville Health Systems, Greenville, - - 2014
Interest in global women's health is reported to be high among incoming obstetrics-gynecology residents. However, data regarding number and characteristics of programs offering formal training have not been collected systematically. We administered a web-based survey to all program directors of Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited obstetrics-gynecology residency programs and ...
Kuhlmann Zachary C ZC The University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita, Wichita, - - 2014
Current recommendations to prevent sleep-related death include that infants be placed on their back in a crib with a firm mattress and fitted sheet. Bumpers, pillows, loose blankets, stuffed toys, and other suffocation hazards are not recommended. However, sleep-related infant deaths continue to occur. As part of a university, physician, ...
Lambert Ann W AW Auburn University, Auburn University, - - 2014
The most common trigger of shaken baby syndrome-inconsolable crying-may be prevented by raising awareness and implementing prevention strategies to improve caregiver knowledge and behavior. The purpose of this study was to educate pregnant or postpartum women about coping with infant crying and dangers of shaking an infant. Partnership between rural ...
Mehta Aasta D AD Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology lists physician advocacy as one of the educational objectives included in the core curriculum in obstetrics and gynecology. However, there is a lack of formal education regarding how future physicians are to accomplish this objective, both in medical education and residency ...
Mehta Aasta D AD Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
To determine whether there was a correlation between posttraining of obstetrics and gynecology residents and costs of medical liability insurance premiums by state over a 6-year period. We conducted a descriptive study of obstetrics and gynecology residents who graduated between 2005 and 2010. Data to calculate resident retention rates for ...
Nuthalapaty Francis S FS University of South Carolina School of Medicine Greenville, Greenville, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine if statewide malpractice premiums correlate with rates of selection of obstetrics-gynecology specialty by U.S. medical graduates during the years 2001-2005. Longitudinal cohort study involving U.S. medical graduates applying through the Electronic Residency Application System. All applicants to obstetrics and gynecology residency programs ...
Carter Charelle M CM Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
Ectopic pregnancies comprise approximately 1-2% of all pregnancies. Single-dose methotrexate is an acceptable treatment for nonruptured ectopic pregnancies. Less than one in five inner-city underserved patients comply with follow-up protocols after methotrexate. Alternative protocols with less follow-up visits are available but are not currently the standard of care secondary to ...
Hailparn Troy R TR Cosmetic Gynecology Center of San Antonio, San Antonio, - - 2014
Discussions about normal labial development or their potential for anatomic problems or concerns and significant emotional and psychological distress are rarely included in pediatrician or gynecologic visits and with increased demand for this procedure resulting from shaving, media, and Internet access, health care practitioners should understand the challenges of adolescent ...
Lee Jessica K JK Magee Women's Hospital, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Rupture of a corpus luteum cyst is the major cause of gynecological hemoperitoneum. The diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion, laboratory data, and radiologic findings. Although mild cases require only observation and support, surgical intervention is necessary for severe cases. A standardized management is not defined. Our study compares the ...
Sirota Ido I St Luke's Roosevelt Hospital center, New York, - - 2014
To determine long-term outcome differences in patients undergoing robotic-assisted compared with conventional laparoscopy for advanced-stage endometriosis. Cases were collected from our prospectively maintained computerized database of robotic-assisted and conventional laparoscopic surgical treatments for endometriosis. Included were all patients treated between July 2009 and October 2012 for endometriosis stage III or ...
Simon James A JA George Washington University School of Medicine/Women's Health & Research Consultants, Washington, - - 2014
Brisdelle (paroxetine) in 7.5-mg capsules is a new non-hormonal agent approved in the United States for the treatment of moderate-to-severe vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause. The safety and tolerability of paroxetine 7.5 mg were evaluated in three multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of 8 (phase 2), 12 (phase 3), and ...
Sofka Michal - - 2014
Routine ultrasound exam in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy involves manually measuring fetal head and brain structures in 2-D scans. The procedure requires a sonographer to find the standardized visualization planes with a probe and manually place measurement calipers on the structures of interest. The process is tedious, ...
Baxter Jason K JK Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Although current obstetric practice guidelines suggest cervical length assessment in singletons for preterm birth risk, transvaginal ultrasonography has availability limitations. CerviLenz is a disposable device to measure vaginal cervical length. We sought to determine the threshold CerviLenz measurement with optimal specificity and sensitivity for diagnosis of short cervix by transvaginal ...
Blumenfeld Yair J YJ Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
Cesarean deliveries comprise approximately 30% of all births, many of which are scheduled. Given the labile nature of labor and delivery units, scheduled cesarean deliveries are often delayed. Our aim was to improve on-time scheduled cesarean delivery start times. A multidisciplinary team (obstetrician-gynecologist, nursing, anesthesia, and hospital administration) met to ...
Brough Christie J CJ University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Maternal obesity is associated with increased maternal and neonatal morbidity. Increased rates of cesarean delivery in obese women result from prolonged labor and slowed cervical dilation, making these women poor candidates for a trial of labor. Current literature suggests that increasing body mass index correlates with increasing failure rates in ...
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