Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 5284
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Straub Heather H NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, - - 2014
Poor preconception glucose control markedly increases adverse pregnancy outcome. We wished to determine whether undiagnosed diabetes or suboptimal glucose levels in nonpregnant women could be reliably identified using data from an integrated health system's electronic medical record. An automated case-finding algorithm was applied to an electronic medical record-derived data warehouse ...
Smith Angela B AB Department of Urology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), but data on the effect of comorbidities are limited. Therefore, our purpose was to determine the effect of comorbidity on VTE risk among patients with RCC. A population-based cohort of all patients with RCC (n = 8,633) diagnosed in Denmark ...
Phalen David N DN Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, 425 Werombi Road, Camden, New South Wales 2570, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Macrorhabdus ornithogaster, a yeast found only at the junction between the ventriculus and proventriculus, can infect a wide range of birds. Infection is often subclinical but can also result in gastrointestinal signs. Direct observation of the organism in the feces is a specific but somewhat insensitive means of diagnosis. At ...
Wang Caihua C Department of Gastroenterology, Guanghe Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital, Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu - - 2014
Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Elucidating the molecular mechanism underlying the development of gastric cancer is crucial in identifying gastric cancer-susceptible populations, screening for tumor markers and in the application of gene therapy. This study was conducted ...
Bain Melissa M Clinical Animal Behavior Service, University of California School of Veterinary Medicine, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Feline aggression toward people is a common and potentially dangerous problem. Proper diagnosis of the underlying cause of the aggression is key in effective treatment. A complete history, including information on the people in the home, other pets, and specific incidents, is necessary to make this diagnosis. A comprehensive treatment ...
Medford-Davis Laura L Division of Emergency Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, 1 Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, USA; Department of Emergency Medicine, Ben Taub General Hospital, Ben Taub General Hospital Emergency Center, 1504 Taub Loop, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Changes in potassium elimination, primarily due to the renal and GI systems, and shifting potassium between the intracellular and extracellular spaces cause potassium derangement. Symptoms are vague, but can be cardiac, musculoskeletal, or gastrointestinal. There are no absolute guidelines for when to treat, but it is generally recommended when the ...
Roberts Jane J Northern Strategic Clinical Network primary care mental health - - 2014
Psychological difficulties are common in adolescence with general practice attendees having higher rates than reported in community surveys. Yet GP identification of common mental health problems in this age group is limited. Anxiety and uncertainty around professional practice have been found among GPs and they vary in their degree of ...
Nippita Siripanth S Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
Health care providers may restrict intrauterine device (IUD) insertion until menstruation occurs secondary to device labeling. We describe pregnancy and bleeding patterns when IUD insertions occur at any time in the menstrual cycle. We enrolled women initiating the copper T380A or levonorgestrel intrauterine system after pregnancy test regardless of cycle ...
Stern Lisa L Planned Parenthood Federation of America, New York, - - 2014
Previous research shows that female physicians are more likely than women in the general population to choose intrauterine contraception as their birth control method. This research aims to describe current contraceptive use among a broader range of female family planning providers and to compare their contraceptive choices with the general ...
Leftwich Heidi K HK University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Fetuses with growth delay at risk for complications may not be identified if further evaluation is limited to fetuses with an estimated fetal weight less than the 10th percentile. We assessed umbilical artery Doppler in fetuses at the 10-20th percentile to identify those at risk for poor perinatal outcomes. Retrospective ...
Albrecht Tara A TA School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, - - 2014
Purpose/Objectives: To evaluate the current knowledge of symptoms experienced by adults with acute leukemia (AL) and provide evidence to inform practice and research.Data Sources: Literature review using an electronic search supplemented by a hand search of current literature reporting the physiologic and/or psychological symptoms of patients with AL was conducted.Data ...
Crowe Susan D SD Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, - - 2014
Postpartum hemorrhage is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide. Lean management principles incorporate a family-centered improvement system making work more effective and safer. Application of lean management principles in development of the Postpartum Hemorrhage Care Bundle and the Postpartum Hemorrhage Prevention Bundle is an innovative approach to improving patient ...
Leftwich Heidi K HK University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
Many desiring a trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) have an unfavorable cervix, leaving health care providers with difficult decisions regarding induction methods. Our objective was to compare perinatal outcomes associated with dinoprostone induction compared with other methods in TOLAC candidates. Retrospective cohort of women undergoing TOLAC requiring induction ...
Seitz Jolynn J St Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Inadequate trophoblast invasion has been postulated as a major contributor to preterm birth. Maternal implantation biomarker, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), has been variably predictive of preterm birth. This study allows precise comparison of maximal hCG values exactly at 56 days of gestation in twin gestations conceived with in vitro fertilization. ...
Higgins Alexandra S AS Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota, Vermillion, - - 2014
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends offering preconception and prenatal screening to all couples for cystic fibrosis, whereas the American College of Medical Genetics also recommends screening for spinal muscular atrophy. Both groups suggest specific screening if there is a family or personal history of a genetic disease ...
Maas Adolf K AK 3rd ZooVet Consulting, PLLC, PO Box 1007, Bothell, WA 98041, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In mammals, gastrointestinal protozoal organism inhabitation has been well studied, with hundreds of species defined as parasites. While the mammalian protozoal relationships have been identified and categorized by anatomy, tropism, pathogenicity, and life cycles, relatively few species of protozoal organism relationships have been categorized in reptiles. Species of parasites are ...
Shimizu Tomoharu T Department of Surgery, Shiga University of Medical Science, Otsu, Shiga 520-2192, - - 2014
Although hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) has been extensively used to treat patients with peritoneal metastases (PM) from colorectal cancer (CRC), a standard protocol has not yet been established. The aim of this preliminary clinical study was to confirm in vitro the efficacy of mitomycin C combined with 5-fluorouracil (MMC-5FU) under ...
Hazra Nisha N Department of Public Health Sciences and NIHR Biomedical Research Centre at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospitals, - - 2014
Pancreatitis is an important condition with significant mortality. Primary care may have an important role to play in its prevention, early diagnosis, and ongoing management. To evaluate incidence, case fatality, and clinical features of acute and chronic pancreatitis in a large population. Population-based cohort study using a primary care database ...
Mollazadegan Kaziwe K From the School of Optometry and Ophthalmology and Eye Hospital (Mollazadegan, Huang, Khadka, Wang, Yang, Gao), Wenzhou Medical University Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China; the Department of Clinical Neuroscience, St. Erik Eye Hospital (Mollazadegan), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; NH&MRC Centre for Clinical Eye Research (Khadka, Pesudovs), Discipline of Optometry and Vision Science, Flinders University of South Australia, Bedford Park, South Australia, - - 2014
To assess the native and the previously Rasch-modified National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (NEI VFQ) scales in a Chinese population. Eye Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China. Questionnaire development. Patients on the waiting list for cataract surgery completed the 39-item NEI VFQ (NEI VFQ-39). Rasch analysis was performed ...
Tarney Christopher C Womack Army Medical Center, Spring Lake, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare ultrasound detection of ureteral jets with cystoscopy in verifying ureteral patency after gynecologic surgery in the operating suite. Twenty women scheduled for gynecologic surgery whose surgeons routinely perform cystoscopy postoperatively were recruited for this study. At the conclusion of the case, transabdominal ...
Gross Marielle S MS University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
Only 33% of American females 9-26 years of age receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine as recommended. Missed opportunities have generated a sizable population of adults needing catch-up vaccination. Education is a known barrier to vaccination, but data on form and effectiveness of interventions remain limited. We investigate an educational ...
Lee Jessica K JK Magee Women's Hospital, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
Rupture of a corpus luteum cyst is the major cause of gynecological hemoperitoneum. The diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion, laboratory data, and radiologic findings. Although mild cases require only observation and support, surgical intervention is necessary for severe cases. A standardized management is not defined. Our study compares the ...
Vigliani Marguerite B MB Warren Alpert School of Medicine, East Providence, - - 2014
A recent case of typhoid fever in the first trimester of pregnancy stimulated our curiosity about organisms that can cross the placenta. Despite early diagnosis and prompt treatment with appropriate antibiotic therapy, fetal loss occurred at 16 weeks of gestation as a result of abruption, and Salmonella enterica serovar typhi ...
Sims Travis T TT Feinberg School of Medicine of Northwestern University, Chicago, - - 2014
Genetic testing for hereditary breast and ovarian cancer increases as more individuals become aware of their risk. This has led to the identification of known familial mutations that allow for more facile assessment of mutation status. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are autosomal genes and thus equally likely to be inherited from ...
Trabuco Emanuel C EC Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to report on long-term outcomes after midurethral sling for treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). We identified women who underwent midurethral sling procedures (retropubic, transobturator, or mini-slings) from January 1, 2002, through December 31, 2011, at Mayo Clinic, Rochester. The primary outcome was reoperation ...
Prendergast Emily N EN Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the endometrial biopsy patterns in an indigent population of women with abnormal uterine bleeding. A retrospective chart review was performed from January 1 to June 30, 2011, of women undergoing endometrial biopsy for abnormal uterine bleeding at John H. Stroger Hospital. Primary ...
Bilinski Robyn T RT Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, - - 2014
We report on a series of emergency and reinforcing cerclages using a novel double cerclage technique. A 5-year prospective cohort study was conducted on pregnant women with cervical insufficiency managed with our novel double cerclage technique. Eligible patients with cervical dilation of 1-4 cm before 24 weeks of gestation and ...
Doehrman Pooja D PD Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnosis to treatment interval in cases of chorioamnionitis and the effect on length of postpartum hospital stay. Mothers who met criteria for the diagnosis of chorioamnionitis (temperature greater than 38°C, maternal heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute, and fetal ...
Louis-Jacques Adetola A Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of new commercial tests for aneuploidy screening using cell-free fetal DNA on rates of invasive testing. Commercial aneuploidy screening tests using cell-free fetal DNA were first offered at Lehigh Valley Health Network Maternal Fetal Medicine in late December 2011. All ...
Rayburn William F WF University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, - - 2014
Reproductive-aged women constitute one fifth of the U.S. population. The objectives of this study were to examine the physician office site sought by reproductive-aged women for their health care and to compare the reason for their visit between sites. This retrospective cohort study involved an analysis of national data from ...
Gupta Megha M Pennsylvania State University-Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, - - 2014
Fetal growth restriction is associated with poor perinatal outcomes. Unfortunately, only approximately 25% of children who are born growth restricted are identified prenatally. This underidentification of fetal growth restriction by standard measures is thought to be even higher in obese patients. The low sensitivity of outdated standardized fetal growth curves ...
Zhang Lening L Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Saint Francis University , Loretto, PA - - 2014
Abstract Background: Young drivers represent a disproportionate number of the individuals involved in alcohol-impaired driving. Although there is a known association between drinking and alcohol-impaired driving in young drivers, the link between early onset drinking and early onset alcohol-impaired driving has not been explored. Objectives: The present study aimed to ...
Graneheim Ulla Hällgren UH Umeå University, Department of Nursing, Umeå, - - 2014
This study explored ten registered nurses' experiences of dialogues with inpatients in psychiatric care. Data were collected through four focus group discussions, and two individual interviews. The nurses described contradictions between their nursing ideals about dialogues and the reality faced in psychiatric inpatient care, resulting in an unsatisfactory work situation ...
Sartor Carolyn E CE Departments of Genetics and Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Cocaine users typically try alcohol or marijuana before cocaine, but this ordering of substance use initiation is not universal. Characterizing cocaine-dependent users who deviate from the typical sequence may be informative for understanding the multiple pathways to cocaine dependence. Method: Data were drawn from cocaine-dependent participants (N = ...
Baldi Pierre P Department of Computer Science University of California, Irvine Irvine, CA - - 2014
Dropout is a recently introduced algorithm for training neural network by randomly dropping units during training to prevent their co-adaptation. A mathematical analysis of some of the static and dynamic properties of dropout is provided using Bernoulli gating variables, general enough to accommodate dropout on units or connections, and with ...
Jimenez Manuel E ME Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa; Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa; Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa; PolicyLab: Center to Bridge Research, Practice, & Policy, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa. Electronic address: - - 2014
To identify parent, child, community, and health care provider characteristics associated with early intervention (EI) referral and multidisciplinary evaluation (MDE) by EI. We conducted a mixed methods secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of a developmental screening program in 4 urban primary care practices. Children <30 months ...
Hagino Hiroshi H School of Health Science, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, - - 2014
Incidences of fragility fractures, such as of the vertebral and hip, increase with age. Both the number and severity of prevalent vertebral fractures involve independent risk factors for future fractures. However, it has been reported that the vast majority of patients who experience fragility fractures do not receive anti-osteoporotic therapy. ...
Bryant-Genevier Marthe M MM University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Substance users are at increased risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The objective of this study is to explore the prevalence of contraceptive use and reproductive health care uptake among drug treatment clients. Between August 2012 and October 2013, clients of four Baltimore ...
Sofka Michal - - 2014
Routine ultrasound exam in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy involves manually measuring fetal head and brain structures in 2-D scans. The procedure requires a sonographer to find the standardized visualization planes with a probe and manually place measurement calipers on the structures of interest. The process is tedious, ...
Zomorodian Laila M LM University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess attitudes toward in-hospital delivery and maternity waiting homes among women in rural Tanzania. Peripartum patients at Monduli District Hospital were interviewed using a standardized questionnaire while hospitalized; transcripts were coded for recurrent themes. One hundred four interviews were conducted with peripartum women. ...
Crittle Kristen N KN Washington University at St Louis/Meharry Medical College, Nashville, - - 2014
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) publishes recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) every 4 years; however, it is unclear whether health care providers adhere to guidelines. This study will determine the rate of clinician compliance with CDC recommendations. The Contraceptive CHOICE Project ...
Fausett Bardett B Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland, - - 2014
Regarding genetic screening, "high risk" compared with "low risk" is defined medically based on cutoff values maximizing detection while minimizing false-positive rates. As diagnostic testing has become safer and genetic analyses more complex, previous risk cutoffs have become antiquated. We sought to assess what risk values pregnant women consider high ...
Payman Bahman B Lee County Community Hospital, Bishop, - - 2014
Throughout time, women have assumed many positions when giving birth: standing, squatting, sitting, etc. There have been numerous documentations in both art and literature. Recently people have come to doubt the efficacy of a recumbent position and promote the advantages of sitting position during labor. The objective of this study ...
Gal Noga N The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate English-language Smartphone applications currently available to promote consistent oral contraceptive use. Official mobile application platforms were searched using the terms "birth control," "the pill," and "contraception." For each application we collected: health care professionals' involvement in application development, download (purchase) cost, ...
Kimura Michio M Department of Pharmacy, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, Ogaki, Gifu 503-8502, Japan - - 2014
In the treatment of advanced or recurrent gastric cancer, the prolongation of survival depends on the use of second-line therapy, with paclitaxel (PTX) or irinotecan (CPT-11) as the key agents. The present study aimed to retrospectively investigate the safety and continuity of weekly PTX and CPT-11 monotherapy as second- or ...
Harmon Brook E BE University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Cancer Epidemiology Program, Honolulu, HI, 96822, USA bharmon@cc.hawaii.edu , - - 2014
Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) has often been used as a guide to predict and modify physical activity (PA) behavior. We assessed the ability of commonly investigated SCT variables and perceived school environment variables to predict PA among elementary students. We also examined differences in influences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic students. ...
Allison Michael G MG Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 2nd Floor, Baltimore, MD, USA; Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, 110 South Paca Street, 6th Floor, Baltimore, MD 21201, - - 2014
Ethanol intoxication and ethanol use are associated with a variety of metabolic derangements encountered in the Emergency Department. In this article, the authors discuss alcohol intoxication and its treatment, dispel the myth that alcohol intoxication is associated with hypoglycemia, comment on electrolyte derangements and their management, review alcoholic ketoacidosis, and ...
Prasannan Lakha L SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, - - 2014
The Internet has become an important source of information for medical students. Benefits include the ease in gathering information, the ability to work from any location, and the diversity of resources provided. The objective of the study is to survey third-year students regarding their use of web-based resources. A cross-sectional ...
Huang Jian - - 2014
In a positron emission tomography (PET) study, the local uptake of the tracer is dependent on vascular delivery and retention. For dynamic studies the measured uptake time-course information can be best interpreted when knowledge of the time-course of tracer in the blood is available. This is certainly true for the ...
McLean Tracey A TA University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
Our study aims to determine whether implementation of an electronic health record would increase the completion rate of prenatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and purified protein derivative testing. Eligible participants were women with singleton gestations receiving prenatal care, delivered at term in March to April 2011 or March to April ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >