Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 5284
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Saylawala Maliha A MA University of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate the effect of maternal obesity on delivery outcomes in nulliparous women undergoing mechanical balloon cervical ripening for induction of labor. This was a retrospective cohort study of nulliparous women undergoing induction of labor at term using mechanical balloon cervical ripening. Charts were ...
Wymer Kevin K University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate costs and outcomes of successive trials of labor after cesarean delivery as compared with elective repeat cesarean deliveries. To compare a trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) and elective repeat cesarean deliveries, separate maternal and neonatal decision analytic models were built ...
Fleischhacker Sn S Clinic of Small Animal Medicine, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich, Veterinärstr. 13, 80539, Munich, - - 2014
Urinary tract infections caused by Corynebacterium urealyticum are uncommon in veterinary medicine. Encrusted cystitis, encrusted pyelitis and uroliths have been described as complications in humans, but only encrusted cystitis and cystoliths have been reported in dogs so far. Because C. urealyticum is usually resistant to all standard antibacterial drugs, antimicrobial ...
Mills Daniel D Animal Behaviour, Cognition and Welfare Group, School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, Brayford, Lincoln LN6 7TS, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Stressors impact on all areas of a pet's life, potentially to the detriment of their well-being. In addition, should this lead to behavior change, it is likely to cause strain in the owner-pet relationship with an increased risk of relinquishment. Understanding why events may be perceived as stressful to a ...
Nithyanandarajah Gnanapragasam G From Moorfields Eye Hospital NHS Foundation Trust (Nithyanandarajah, Athanasiadis, Scollo, A. Sharma), Bedford Hospital and the Bedford School (B. Sharma, Dorgham), Bedford, United - - 2014
We describe a simple technique to hydrate the anterior stroma in cataract surgery using a 30-gauge needle. At the end of phacoemulsification, the needle is inserted into the stroma to create a watertight seal of the clear corneal incision. No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material ...
Nippita Siripanth S Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
Short-term bleeding patterns after intrauterine device (IUD) insertion are poorly characterized. Most young women text message daily. We aimed to assess success of collecting 90 days bleeding data after IUD insertion by method of data collection (text message compared with traditional paper diaries). We enrolled women with cell phones initiating ...
Carrington Nateya N Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
To investigate the use of customized birth weight percentiles as a predictor for shoulder dystocia. Over a 3-year period, shoulder dystocia occurred among 99 of 11,493 deliveries, for an incidence of 0.9%. To conduct a case-control study, 386 deliveries with no shoulder dystocia were randomly selected. Customized birth weight percentile ...
Memon Hafsa U HU Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
This study compared the relative odds of levator ani muscle injury using three-dimensional ultrasonography after forceps compared with vacuum delivery. This was a retrospective cohort study. Women who had undergone at least one forceps delivery were compared with women who had undergone at least one vacuum birth. Participants were 5-10 ...
Amorim Melania M MM Instituto Paraibano de Pesquisa Prof. Joaquim Amorim Neto, Campina Grande, Paraíba, - - 2014
The maternal hemodynamic responses (heart rate, systolic, and diastolic blood pressure [BP]) were compared during two types of moderate-intensity physical exercise in pregnancy. A randomized clinical trial compared 120 pregnant women performing physical exercise on a treadmill (n=64) or stationary bicycle (n=56). In 44 of these women (n=23 treadmill; n=21 ...
Barbadora-Froelich Stephanie S Crozer-Chester Medical Center, Upland, - - 2014
Pregnant patients seen at our resident clinic who describe their last menstrual period as being "certain" do not routinely undergo a dating ultrasound scan. We ask the question: Do pregnant patients with a "certain" last menstrual period require an ultrasound scan for dating? We conducted a retrospective observational study. We ...
Kapfhamer Kristy A KA Froedtert & The Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
It is widely accepted that 75% of fetal heart rate tracings show sinusoidal patterns after butorphanol administration. We investigated whether this is true when sinusoidal patterns are defined using the 2008 National Institutes of Health guidelines. Case-control study of women who delivered at Froedtert Hospital between June 2010 and December ...
Garner Elizabeth E Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to characterize family history profiles of unaffected individuals diagnosed with Lynch syndrome in the absence of a known family mutation. We queried our laboratory database for unaffected patients who were positive for Lynch syndrome genetic testing between September 2010 and May 2013. All individuals ...
Marschner C C Koala Infectious Diseases Research Group, Faculty of Veterinary Science, McMaster Building B14, The University of Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
A retrospective review of case records of ultrasonography and necropsy outcomes of 62 koalas was used to investigate the accuracy of ultrasonography in assessing koala urogenital tract structural disease at the Port Macquarie Koala Hospital. The results showed high concordance, supporting ultrasonography as an effective tool for evaluating structural disease ...
Nakamura Toru T Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka 830-0011; ; Liver Cancer Division, Research Center for Innovative Cancer Therapy, Kurume University, Kurume, Fukuoka - - 2014
The number of available studies on the role of human serum albumin (HSA) in the treatment of cirrhotic ascites is currently limited. In this study, we aimed to investigated the parameters associated with diuretic therapy with HSA in patients with advanced cirrhotic ascites. The patient inclusion criteria were cirrhotic ascites ...
Seidman Larry L Clinical Research of Philadelphia, LLC, Philadelphia, - - 2014
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the combined oral contraceptive regimen LeCette (150 micrograms desogestrel and 20 micrograms ethinyl estradiol for 21 days followed by 10 micrograms of ethinyl estradiol for 7 days) and two different 28-day combined oral contraceptives on ovulation inhibition and return to ovulatory ...
Baxi Rupen P RP William Beaumont Health System, West Bloomfield, - - 2014
Single-incision robotic supracervical hysterectomy is a novel and promising technique but can be technically challenging and expensive. In this report, we compare the cost feasibility of single-incision robotic supracervical hysterectomy using the GelPOINT platform compared with the traditional multiincision laparoscopic supracervical hysterectomy. We provide a description of our Single-incision robotic ...
Wang Kun - - 2014
Optoacoustic tomography (OAT), also known as photoacoustic tomography, is an emerging computed biomedical imaging modality that exploits optical contrast and ultrasonic detection principles. Iterative image reconstruction algorithms that are based on discrete imaging models are actively being developed for OAT due to their ability to improve image quality by incorporating ...
Shepherd Rachel R Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University, Women and Infants Hospital, Providence, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the complication rate of hysteroscopic tubal occlusion with interval laparoscopic tubal sterilization among obese and nonobese women. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all women undergoing interval tubal sterilization through laparoscopic tubal ligation or hysteroscopic approach (Essure) between September 2009 and ...
Stuart Gretchen S GS University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Immediate postpartum placement of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system can decrease unplanned pregnancy in the United States. The objective of this study was to compare breastfeeding prevalence between women who receive the levonorgestrel intrauterine system immediately postpartum or 4-6 weeks later. We conducted a parallel, randomized trial with one-to-one allocation at ...
Sirota Ido I St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, - - 2014
To determine if the odds of shoulder dystocia increase with maternal body mass index (BMI) in induced or augmented compared with spontaneously laboring women. Retrospective study of all shoulder dystocia patients who delivered from 1998 to 2010, women in a control group without shoulder dystocia were matched two to one ...
Seid Melvin H MH Lyndhurst Gynecologic Associates, Winston-Salem, - - 2014
Abnormal uterine bleeding affects over three million women in the United States, many of whom develop iron deficiency anemia. Untreated, iron deficiency anemia can result in fatigue and reductions in activities of daily living. Current treatment options when oral iron is deemed intolerable or ineffective are limited. This double-blind study ...
Bender Catherine M CM Clinical and Translational Science - - 2014
Purpose/Objectives: To comprehensively assess the patient and illness or treatment factors that may predict nonadherence to adjuvant endocrine therapy and to explore whether an interaction occurs between these factors in women with breast cancer.Design: Repeated-measures design.Setting: The Outpatient Services of the Women's Cancer Program at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer ...
Leal Nicole V NV Instituto Paraibano de Pesquisa, Campina Grande, Paraíba, - - 2014
The objective of this study was comparative use of magnesium sulfate for 12 compared with 24 hours in postpartum women with stable severe preeclampsia. An open, randomized clinical trial was conducted with 120 postpartum women with severe preeclampsia; 60 were allocated to receive magnesium sulfate for 24 hours and 60 ...
Schroeder Christina C Kaiser San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of maternal antidepressant exposure on first- and second-trimester maternal serum markers for aneuploidy. We conducted a 10-year retrospective cohort study within a large health care organization. Pregnant women diagnosed with depression who underwent serum screening for aneuploidy were identified. Antidepressant ...
Biswas Debdut D Section of Hand and Elbow Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2014
Hand surgeons are frequently challenged by the unique requirements of soft tissue coverage of the hand. Whereas many smaller soft tissue defects without involvement of deep structures are amenable to healing by secondary intention or skin grafting, larger lesions and those with exposed tendon, bone, or joint often require vascularized ...
Robson John J Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Queen Mary University of London, - - 2014
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cause of stroke, and undertreatment with anticoagulants is a persistent issue despite their effectiveness. To increase the proportion of people with AF treated appropriately using anticoagulants, and reduce inappropriate antiplatelet therapy. Cross-sectional analysis. Electronic patient health records on 4604 patients with AF obtained from general ...
Weiner Xenia X From the Department of Ophthalmology, Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, - - 2014
To evaluate the repeatability of different lens densitometry analysis modes performed with Scheimpflug imaging using the Pentacam HR device. University eye hospital, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Cross-sectional study. Eyes were analyzed under mydriasis during 2 examinations performed by the same examiner. Three single measurements were taken to assess lens densitometry ...
Rad Steve S Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, - - 2014
To describe the abnormal results of invasive prenatal diagnostic testing performed for the indication of positive state aneuploidy screening at our institution and to further identify among those results the genetic abnormalities that would not have been detected by noninvasive (cell-free fetal DNA) prenatal testing. This was a retrospective review ...
Gadzinski Jill A JA Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, - - 2014
The objectives of this study were 1) to describe a series of patients who required endometrial sampling after endometrial ablation; and 2) to examine the feasibility of endometrial sampling after endometrial ablation. All patients who underwent an endometrial ablation from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2012, at a university ...
Clark-Ganheart Cecily A CA Medstar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare outcomes among vigorous neonates (5-minute Apgar score 7 or greater) with acidemia (arterial cord pH less than 7) at birth with vigorous neonates without acidemia (arterial cord pH 7.1 or greater). A retrospective case-control study was performed using the Medstar PeriBirth labor ...
Koren Gideon G The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Most bioequivalence studies are conducted in males, even for drugs aimed exclusively for women, assuming that bioequivalence variability is similar between sexes. To examine this assumption, we compared the bioequivalence and pharmacokinetics of Diclectin and Diclegis (doxylamine-pyridoxine combination), exclusively aimed at nausea and vomiting of pregnancy, between health young men ...
Mir Saira S Emory University, Atlanta, - - 2014
Although type-specific detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 or 18 is recommended to improve specificity of HPV DNA cotesting, further risk stratification is needed. Women in two urban clinics were enrolled into a biorepository for cervical cancer biomarker discovery. Total nucleic acids (consisting of both DNA and RNA) or DNA ...
Tsui Ilene K IK Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, - - 2014
English is increasingly the medical lingua franca. We hypothesized that an intensive journal club model based on articles and questions from obstetrics and gynecology could improve written and spoken comprehension of medical English in a population of Chinese medical professionals. Participants took a three-part baseline examination (multiple choice, 15 questions), ...
Cope Diane G DG Florida Cancer Specialists and Research Institute in Fort - - 2014
Advances in technology have provided new approaches for data collection methods and analysis for researchers. Data collection is no longer limited to paper-and-pencil format, and numerous methods are now available through Internet and electronic resources. With these techniques, researchers are not burdened with entering data manually and data analysis is ...
Gill Lisa L Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
To compare time required to achieve a therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) value after initiation of warfarin therapy in a postpartum patient population compared with a population of women without antecedent pregnancy. Retrospective review of patients treated with warfarin anticoagulation after delivery were compared with a control population of women ...
Mor Amir A Maimonides Medical Center, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Meconium-stained amniotic fluid occurs in approximately 12% of all pregnancies. Although most pregnancies with meconium-stained amniotic fluid end with no fetal or neonatal complications, there is still a significant number that result in immediate life-threatening complications to the neonate such as meconium aspiration syndrome. Meconium aspiration syndrome still poses a ...
Hemingway Celeste C Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to develop and validate assessment tools for obstetrics and gynecology residency programs that address procedural competency in anticipation of the Next Accreditation System and milestones. Procedural assessment tools were developed for vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery that scored global skills using the validated global ...
Li Yongwei Y Department of Urology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, - - 2014
This study investigates the efficacy of ureteral reconstruction using a spiral bladder muscle flap with vascular pedicles (ie, the superior vesical arteries) to repair full-length ureteral defects and explores a surgical approach for repairing long ureteral defects (>20 cm) using a bladder muscle flap. The characteristics of the ureteral reconstruction surgery include ...
Perrin Caroline C Sydney Animal Behaviour Service, 55 Ethel Street, Seaforth, New South Wales 2092, - - 2014
For many medications, the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in pets have not been established and even where studies have been done, there is widespread species and individual variation. Practitioners should start with the lower end of the dose range and titrate up to maximum doses where there is insufficient therapeutic effect ...
Adachi-Mejia Anna M AM Department of Pediatrics, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH; Cancer Control Research Program, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Lebanon, NH; Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, NH. Electronic address: - - 2014
Youth involvement in extracurricular activities may help prevent smoking and drinking initiation. However, the relative roles of types of extracurricular activity on these risks are unclear. Therefore, we examined the association between substance use and participation in team sports with a coach, other sports without a coach, music, school clubs, ...
Urano Tomohiko T Department of Geriatric Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disease characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue. Osteoporosis increases susceptibility to fracture. Over the last 10 years, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with low BMD, osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. These SNPs were ...
Rooshenas Leila L School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol; and Institute of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, - - 2014
Preschool-aged children are the highest consumers of antibiotics, but consult mainly for viral infections. Little is known about how day care, which is common in this age group, influences primary care consulting and treatment-seeking behaviours. To investigate daycare providers' approaches to excluding and/or readmitting children with infections, and the consequences ...
Imamoglu Serhat S From the Eye Clinic (Imamoglu), Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, a private practice (Kaya), the Department of Ophthalmology (Oral), Faculty of Medicine, Yeditepe University, and Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital (Perente, Basarir, Yilmaz), Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the efficacy and safety of corneal wavefront-guided custom laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) to correct refractive errors and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Noncomparative case series. The study comprised consecutive patients who were unable to tolerate spectacles or ...
Vieira Luciana A LA New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
The neonatal body composition has implications for the future health of the newborn. The neonatal body mass index (BMI) has been correlated with future obesity. Noninvasive measures of fetal and neonatal body composition before birth may provide early identification of children at risk for shoulder dystocia and other neonatal complications. ...
Lichten Edward M EM Wayne State College of Medicine, Birmingham, - - 2014
A 31-year old woman with stage VI endometriosis unresponsive to leuprolide acetate was scheduled for total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and hemicolectomy at John Hopkins Hospital. We hypothesized that the protocol medications with similar but stronger biochemical effects than danazol or gestrinone on sex hormone-binding globulin and free testosterone ...
Simon James A JA George Washington University School of Medicine/Women's Health & Research Consultants, Washington, - - 2014
Brisdelle (paroxetine) in 7.5-mg capsules is a new non-hormonal agent approved in the United States for the treatment of moderate-to-severe vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause. The safety and tolerability of paroxetine 7.5 mg were evaluated in three multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials of 8 (phase 2), 12 (phase 3), and ...
Delara Ritchie M RM John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, - - 2014
A short interpregnancy interval is associated with poor maternal and neonatal outcomes. We sought to determine rates of interpregnancy intervals among Pacific Islanders and Asian subgroups, populations that are often understudied. Records of California births were linked with hospital discharge data. For women with a first birth in 1999-2000 and ...
Marzano David D University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
The University of Michigan introduced a new clinical practice guideline detailing an urgency classification for obstetric procedures. Past guidelines had been disseminated using e-mails and electronic learning modules. We hypothesized that a simulation-based curriculum to educate members of the team would provide a meaningful experience and lead to compliance with ...
Guerrero Maria D MD MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, - - 2014
A 58-year-old man named J.S. was diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and underwent treatment with standard rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) chemotherapy. He presented to his local outpatient clinic for evaluation and laboratory tests on day 10 after cycle 3. During this visit, J.S. reported great difficulty opening his ...
Natenzon Anna A Einstein College of Medicine-Jacobi Medical Center, Bronx, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to demonstrate if the 10th% of estimated fetal weight (Hadlock 1) is an appropriate screening strategy for fetuses at risk for neonatal acidemia. Women with singleton deliveries occurring from January 2007 to December 2012 at Jacobi Medical Center, neonates having an umbilical artery pH ...
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