Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 5265
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ramzan Amin A AA Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
The optimal gestational age for delivery of fetuses diagnosed with gastroschisis is unknown. We compared outcomes in fetuses electively delivered at 37 weeks of gestation with those who were delivered 38 weeks of gestation or greater. A retrospective chart review was conducted of all patients who had fetuses diagnosed with ...
Schroeder Christina C Kaiser San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of maternal antidepressant exposure on first- and second-trimester maternal serum markers for aneuploidy. We conducted a 10-year retrospective cohort study within a large health care organization. Pregnant women diagnosed with depression who underwent serum screening for aneuploidy were identified. Antidepressant ...
Hemingway Celeste C Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to develop and validate assessment tools for obstetrics and gynecology residency programs that address procedural competency in anticipation of the Next Accreditation System and milestones. Procedural assessment tools were developed for vaginal delivery and cesarean delivery that scored global skills using the validated global ...
Siddik-Ahmad Rabia I RI Santa Clara Valley Medical Center, San Jose, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the risk of uterine atony in women undergoing cesarean delivery for labor arrest. We hypothesized that inability to achieve adequate contractions in labor would be associated with an increased risk of uterine atony. This is a secondary analysis of the National Institute ...
Tam Teresa T Saint Joseph Hospital, Chicago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess whether morbidly obese women with preeclampsia have increased adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. This retrospective, cohort study included patients with preeclampsia who delivered at a community hospital in Chicago, Illinois, from May 2012 to September 2013. Data abstracted from a comprehensive perinatal ...
Warsheski Stephanie S Queens Hospital Center, Queens, - - 2014
High maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) has been linked to adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Many patients enter prenatal care late and their prepregnancy health status and pregnancy-related weight gain is not available. We examined effects of maternal third-trimester BMI on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Retrospective cohort study of ...
Wilkie Gianna L GL University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine how perinatal depression and anxiety effect obstetric outcomes and perceptions of labor and delivery experiences. This prospective observational study examined the labor and delivery experiences of 25 high-risk and 25 low-risk women. The high-risk group was defined by symptoms during pregnancy as ...
Wymer Kevin K University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to estimate costs and outcomes of successive trials of labor after cesarean delivery as compared with elective repeat cesarean deliveries. To compare a trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC) and elective repeat cesarean deliveries, separate maternal and neonatal decision analytic models were built ...
Zaki Mary N MN University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate the perinatal outcomes associated with induction of labor using an intracervical ripening bulb in trial of labor after cesarean delivery (TOLAC). Retrospective cohort study of women undergoing a TOLAC between 2002 and 2012. Women requiring induction of labor for a TOLAC who had either an intracervical ...
Augustus Praise P SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Cervical cancer screening has changed dramatically. However, appropriate triaging of abnormal Pap test results is still debatable. This is true for an atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) Pap test result. The objective of this study was to determine prevalence of cervical pathology in ASCUS Pap test results in ...
Rayburn William F WF University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque, - - 2014
Reproductive-aged women constitute one fifth of the U.S. population. The objectives of this study were to examine the physician office site sought by reproductive-aged women for their health care and to compare the reason for their visit between sites. This retrospective cohort study involved an analysis of national data from ...
Straub Heather H NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, - - 2014
Poor preconception glucose control markedly increases adverse pregnancy outcome. We wished to determine whether undiagnosed diabetes or suboptimal glucose levels in nonpregnant women could be reliably identified using data from an integrated health system's electronic medical record. An automated case-finding algorithm was applied to an electronic medical record-derived data warehouse ...
Abdallah Reem R H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, Tampa, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the role of microarray gene expression analysis in predicting the feasibility of complete cytoreduction in ovarian cancer. Microarray expression of 507 women with ovarian cancer from The Cancer Genome Atlas was initially analyzed and a gene expression signature created. Complete cytoreduction was ...
Barrios Mirelys M University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy is known to be effective after optimal primary debulking surgery for ovarian cancer. We conducted a pilot study to investigate a regimen of combination IP carboplatin and intravenous (IV) and IP paclitaxel. A prospectively maintained database was used to identify all patients who received IP and IV ...
Hsieh Gillian L GL Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
Effective strategies for ovarian cancer prevention are urgently needed. Data now indicate that many high-grade serous ovarian cancers may originate from the distal fallopian rather than the ovarian surface. However, the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of selective distal salpingectomy as a tool for ovarian cancer prevention are unknown. After obtaining ...
Lofquist Frederica F Pacific Women's Obstetrics and Gynecology Medical Group, San Francisco, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of personal and family history of cancer in general obstetrics-gynecology practices and to identify reasons obstetrics-gynecology patients either accept or decline recommended genetic testing. Patients presenting for gynecologic care during a 19-week period were invited to enroll in the study. ...
Al-Safi Zain A ZA University of Colorado-Denver, Aurora, - - 2014
Obesity is a state of insulin resistance as it is also a state of relative hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. The physiology behind this is still unclear and may be the result of hypothalamic or pituitary factors or pharmacokinetics of gonadotropins. We sought to investigate if insulin, directly or indirectly, suppresses pituitary luteinizing ...
Bastu Ercan E Istanbul University Istanbul Medical School, - - 2014
Endometriosis is a well-established reason for infertility and optimal management and ovulation induction protocols in infertility patients with endometriosis are debated. Operative compared with conservative management with antagonist and agonist protocols for ovulation induction are compared. One hundred sixty-four patients with endometriosis and endometriomas who were selected for assisted reproductive ...
Higgins Alexandra S AS Sanford School of Medicine of the University of South Dakota, Vermillion, - - 2014
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends offering preconception and prenatal screening to all couples for cystic fibrosis, whereas the American College of Medical Genetics also recommends screening for spinal muscular atrophy. Both groups suggest specific screening if there is a family or personal history of a genetic disease ...
Whitmore Elsa J EJ University of Illinois College of Medicine at Peoria, Peoria, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to understand how cervical agenesis affects fertility management. Congenital absence of the cervix with functioning endometrial tissue is extremely rare. Primary amenorrhea and cyclic abdominal pain are the usual presentation. Creation of a functional cervix is difficult as a result of a lack of ...
Anyikam Adanna L AL University of California-San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine pregnancy-related outcomes associated with circumvallate placenta identified on ultrasonography among women referred to a large tertiary fetal diagnostic center. A nested case-control analysis was conducted among referrals to the University of California-San Diego Fetal Care and Genetics Center between January 2003 and ...
Gupta Megha M Pennsylvania State University-Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, - - 2014
Fetal growth restriction is associated with poor perinatal outcomes. Unfortunately, only approximately 25% of children who are born growth restricted are identified prenatally. This underidentification of fetal growth restriction by standard measures is thought to be even higher in obese patients. The low sensitivity of outdated standardized fetal growth curves ...
Grubb Elizabeth J EJ Teva Pharmaceuticals, Overland Park, - - 2014
Highly effective reversible contraceptives include the levonorgestrel and copper intrauterine devices and the levonorgestrel implant. This analysis examined the association between the use of oral contraceptives compared with highly effective reversible contraceptives and health insurance copayments. A retrospective analysis used data from the i3 In Vision Data Mart™. All females ...
Danvers Antoinette A AA University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
The objective is to describe contraceptive use and preferred mode of contraceptive service provision among women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to identify factors that could improve effective contraceptive use. This was a cross-sectional study of 80 HIV-positive women, 18-45 years old, at an academic center and a health department. ...
Kirby Jeffrey J a Dalhousie - - 2014
This article explores the controversial practice of transnational gestational surrogacy and poses a provocative question: Does it have to be exploitative? Various existing models of exploitation are considered and a novel exploitation-evaluation heuristic is introduced to assist in the analysis of the potentially exploitative dimensions/elements of complex health-related practices. On ...
Khan Maria R MR Department of Epidemiology, University of Florida , Gainesville FL - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: The study objective was to use latent class analyses (LCAs) to identify gender- and racial/ethnic-specific groups of adolescent alcohol users and associations between alcohol use group and adolescent and adulthood illicit drug use in a nationally-representative US sample. Methods: We used Wave I (1994-1995, adolescence) of the National ...
Zhang Lening L Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Saint Francis University , Loretto, PA - - 2014
Abstract Background: Young drivers represent a disproportionate number of the individuals involved in alcohol-impaired driving. Although there is a known association between drinking and alcohol-impaired driving in young drivers, the link between early onset drinking and early onset alcohol-impaired driving has not been explored. Objectives: The present study aimed to ...
Liddle Vl V Animal Eye Services, Underwood, Queensland, - - 2014
Anterior chamber collapse syndrome has been recognised in various species and is associated with early-life ocular disease or trauma. It is important to differentiate this acquired condition from a congenital malformation. An adult female koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) was referred for assessment of buphthalmos and severe keratitis of the right eye. ...
Traylor-Knowles Nikki N Department of Biology, Stanford University, Hopkins Marine Station, Pacific Grove, CA 93950, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Typically, findings from cell biology have been beneficial for preventing human disease. However, translational applications from cell biology can also be applied to conservation efforts, such as protecting coral reefs. Recent efforts to understand the cell biological mechanisms maintaining coral health such as innate immunity and acclimatization have prompted new ...
Yalachkov Yavor Y Institute of Medical Psychology, Goethe-University, Heinrich-Hoffmann-Str. 10, 60528 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The car dependence of people living in contemporary cities is a major concern for policy makers, who often find it difficult to persuade people into more sustainable transport modes. By contrast, recent insights from neuroscience have shown that a broad spectrum of behaviors can become habitual and, thus, resistant to ...
Van Bocxlaer Bert B Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC 20560, USA; Ghent University, Department of Geology and Soil Science, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Multiple anthropogenic environmental stressors with reinforcing effects to the deterioration of ecosystem stability can obscure links between ecosystem change and the prevalence of infectious diseases. Incomplete understanding may lead to ineffective public health and disease control strategies, as appears to be the case with increased urogenital schistosomiasis in humans around ...
Beebe Lora L University of Tennessee, College of Nursing, Knoxville, Tennessee, - - 2014
Problem-solving interventions are not routinely offered to persons with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). Telephone calls and text messages are potential avenues to offer problem solving support. This study compared the effect of telephone calls only, text messages only, and both telephone calls and text messages on individuals' symptoms and medication ...
Happell Brenda B Central Queensland University, Institute for Health and Social Science Research, Centre for Mental Health Nursing, and School of Nursing and Midwifery, Rockhampton, - - 2014
Criticisms about the mental health nursing content of Bachelor of Nursing programs have been common since the introduction of comprehensive nursing education in Australia. Most criticism has come from the mental health nursing sector and the views of key stakeholders have not been systematically reported. Heads of Schools of Nursing ...
Oliveira Eliany Nazaré EN School of Nursing, Department of Health Sciences, Federal University of Ceara, Sobral, - - 2014
The study aimed to analyze the clinical aspects of the treatment of crack cocaine and excessive alcohol users who were seen in a Psychosocial Care Center of Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAPS AD) in Sobral, Ceará, during the years 2010 and 2011. This is an exploratory descriptive and documentary study, ...
Myors Karen Anne KA University of Western Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
Perinatal mental health disorders potentially have long-term negative sequelae for women, their infants and their families. Multidisciplinary perinatal and infant mental health (PIMH) services are an emerging specialty in mental health designed to improve mother-infant outcomes. This mixed methods study explored the characteristics of women referred to a specialist PIMH ...
Westgate Erin C EC Center for the Study of Health and Risk Behaviors, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: This study investigated whether self-reports of alcohol-related postings on Facebook by oneself or one's Facebook friends were related to common motives for drinking and were uniquely predictive of self-reported alcohol outcomes (alcohol consumption, problems, and cravings). Method: Pacific Northwest undergraduates completed a survey of alcohol outcomes, drinking motives, ...
Howells Nicolette L NL The Center for Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy of Greater Columbus, Inc., Columbus, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The goal of this study was to examine motivations for engaging in risky sexual behaviors (RSBs) and factors that may increase the likelihood of engaging in RSB. RSB was defined as not using condoms during intercourse and having intercourse with poorly known partners, which were treated separately with ...
Witkiewitz Katie K Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Heavy drinking, often defined as more than five drinks per occasion, is a major public health problem worldwide, yet most individuals who drink heavily never receive treatment. Focusing on those who receive treatment, numerous studies have found that alcohol use following treatment is discontinuous, with periods of abstinence ...
Demartini Kelly S KS Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Patients entering treatment for alcohol problems do not have uniform treatment goals, and a pretreatment drinking goal has a significant impact on treatment outcome. The objective of this study was to understand better how an array of individual characteristics, including factors that affect treatment, are related to treatment ...
Ettner Susan L SL Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a patient-provider educational intervention in reducing at-risk drinking among older adults. Method: This was a cluster-randomized controlled trial of 31 primary care providers and their patients ages 60 years and older at a community-based practice with seven ...
Mastroleo Nadine R NR Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Brown University, Providence, Rhode - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Despite the increasing need to identify and implement effective interventions to reduce drinking with mandated college students, peer-led brief alcohol interventions have received minimal research attention. The current pilot study tested whether enhanced supervision (evidence-based application approach [EAA; group plus individual]) would improve peer counseling skills beyond those ...
Knudsen Hannah K HK Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Medications for the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs) are not widely available in publicly funded SUD treatment programs. Few studies have drawn on longitudinal data to examine the organizational characteristics associated with programs transitioning from not delivering any pharmacotherapy to adopting at least one SUD medication. Method: ...
Rice Samara L SL Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions (CASAA), Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Pre-post changes in readiness for change (RC) are commonly assessed in treatment outcome studies, often with contradictory results. Little is known about 12-month RC trajectories among those initiating change or about the association between RC and either within- or between-person alcohol use or time-lagged help-seeking behavior. Method: This ...
Kerridge Bradley T BT Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The categorical-dimensional status of DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) conduct disorder (CD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is a source of controversy. This study examined whether the underlying structure of DSM-IV CD and ASPD was dimensional or categorical (taxonic) among individuals with and ...
Wells Samantha S Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, London, Ontario, Canada, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: This study extends previous research on masculinity and negative drinking consequences among young men by considering mediating effects of heavy episodic drinking (HED) and alcohol expectancies. We hypothesized that masculinity would have a direct relationship with negative consequences from drinking as well as indirect relationships mediated by HED ...
Haeny Angela M AM Midwest Alcoholism Research Center and Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Some individuals will not meet criteria for a lifetime alcohol use disorder (AUD) at a baseline assessment but will at a follow-up measurement, but not because the disorder began after the initial evaluation. Despite several research implications, this type of unreliability of lifetime AUD estimates has not been ...
Spruce Lisa - - 2014
A surgical site infection (SSI) is an unintended and oftentimes preventable consequence of surgery. There is a significant amount of literature related to preventing SSIs, and it is up to practitioners in each care setting to review the evidence and work together to implement SSI prevention measures, such as nasal ...
Kempe Allison A Children's Outcomes Research Program, The Children's Hospital, Aurora, Colo; Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colo; Colorado Health Outcomes Program, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colo. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess rates of immunization; costs of conducting clinics; and reimbursements for a school-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) program that billed third-party payers. SLIV clinics were conducted in 19 elementary schools in the Denver Public School district (September 2010 to February 2011). School personnel obtained parental consent, and a community vaccinator ...
Adachi-Mejia Anna M AM Department of Pediatrics, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, NH; Cancer Control Research Program, Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Lebanon, NH; Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, Lebanon, NH. Electronic address: - - 2014
Youth involvement in extracurricular activities may help prevent smoking and drinking initiation. However, the relative roles of types of extracurricular activity on these risks are unclear. Therefore, we examined the association between substance use and participation in team sports with a coach, other sports without a coach, music, school clubs, ...
Morrison Andrea K AK Department of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisc. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to determine the association between low caregiver health literacy and child emergency department (ED) use, both the number and urgency of ED visits. This year long cross-sectional study utilized the Newest Vital Sign questionnaire to measure the health literacy of caregivers accompanying children to a pediatric ED. Prior ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >