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Harring Theresa R TR Section of Emergency Medicine, Ben Taub General Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Emergency Center, 1504 Taub Loop, Room EC 61, Houston, TX 77030, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dysnatremias occur simultaneously with disorders in water balance. The first priority is to correct dehydration; once the patient is euvolemic, the sodium level can be reassessed. In unstable patients with hyponatremia, the clinician should rapidly administer hypertonic saline. In unstable patients with hypernatremia, the clinician should administer isotonic intravenous fluid. ...
Zuckerman Katharine E KE Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Ore; Division of General Pediatrics, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Ore. Electronic address: - - 2014
Latino children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) at older ages and at the point of more severe symptoms. We sought to qualitatively describe community, family, and health care system barriers to ASD diagnosis in Latino children. Five focus groups and 4 qualitative interviews were conducted with 33 parents ...
Nakatoh Shinichi S Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Asahi General Hospital, - - 2014
The current low osteoporosis treatment rate (20%) in Japan is problematic. Osteoporosis screening is needed to ensure that asymptomatic osteoporosis patients are identified and treated. However, five problems are associated with osteoporosis screening in Japan. First, among 1,783 district municipalities, osteoporosis screening was performed in only 1,062 municipalities in 2011. ...
Amorim Melania M MM Instituto Paraibano de Pesquisa Campina Grande, Paraíba, - - 2014
Surface electromyography is used to evaluate pelvic floor muscle function. However, few studies have assessed pelvic floor muscle function in nulligravidas using electromyography compared with perineometry. The objective of this study is to correlate the results of electromyography and perineometry in the assessment of pelvic floor muscle function in nulligravidas. ...
Lambert Ann W AW Auburn University, Auburn University, - - 2014
The most common trigger of shaken baby syndrome-inconsolable crying-may be prevented by raising awareness and implementing prevention strategies to improve caregiver knowledge and behavior. The purpose of this study was to educate pregnant or postpartum women about coping with infant crying and dangers of shaking an infant. Partnership between rural ...
Baka N - - 2014
2D/3D registration of patient vasculature from preinterventional computed tomography angiography (CTA) to interventional X-ray angiography is of interest to improve guidance in percutaneous coronary interventions. In this paper we present a novel feature based 2D/3D registration framework, that is based on probabilistic point correspondences, and show its usefulness on aligning ...
Feldman Daniele S DS Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Many hospitals use laborists; however, little data exist regarding how this model is being implemented. We aim to describe the frequencies, features, and characteristics of the laborist model in southern California hospitals. We designed and validated a survey to collect information on policies and practices on labor and delivery units ...
Liwan Henny H Sparrow Health System, Lansing, - - 2014
The study objective is to examine the use of transvaginal ultrasound-measured cervical length to predict no delivery within 24 hours in term singleton pregnancy with symptoms of labor. Transvaginal cervical length measurement was obtained between July 2011 and October 2012 in women who presented with complaints concerning labor. Data on ...
Pettit Kate E KE University of California, San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
Our objective was to characterize gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention in term twin pregnancies by body mass index (BMI) and trimester. Retrospective cohort study including all term twin pregnancies at the University of California, San Diego Medical Center 2009-2013. Adequate gestational weight gain was determined by the 2009 ...
Wright Tricia E TE University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine, Honolulu, - - 2014
Methamphetamines are one of the most commonly abused illicit drugs in pregnancy, yet little is known about birth outcomes of exposed neonates. Previous studies were limited because of confounding factors: other drugs of abuse, including tobacco; poverty; poor diet; and lack of prenatal care. This study presents data on birth ...
Aguinaldo Elaine T ET Lutheran Medical Center, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Many women are unaware that delaying childbearing may lead to a decline in fertility. A questionnaire was designed to better understand their perspectives. Anonymous surveys were distributed to women over 17 years old at Lutheran Medical Center. Three hundred ninety-eight of 566 questionnaires (70%) were successfully returned. Mean age was ...
Behrend Susan Weiss SW Department of Nursing, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The purpose of this prospective phase II/III trial was to study the effect of therapy intensification when combining procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy with a standard course of radiation therapy (RT) on cognitive functioning for patients with World Health Organization grade 2 low-grade gliomas (LGGs). Initial results of the ...
Masinter Lisa M LM Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Women have higher risk for obstetric complications as they have increasing numbers of cesarean deliveries. The objective of this study is to clarify both the likelihood of continued childbearing after cesarean deliveries and the influence of sociodemographic characteristics on that relationship. Data from the National Survey of Family Growth, 2006-2010, ...
So Jane J Stony Brook University Hospital, Stony Brook, - - 2014
Preeclampsia occurs in 6-8% of pregnancies and is the second leading cause of maternal mortality in the United States. Preeclampsia is associated with HELLP (Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes and Low Platelet count) syndrome and it has become a common practice to evaluate for the syndrome with laboratory testing in all ...
Yamauchi Mika M Internal Medicine 1, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, - - 2014
The risk of osteoporotic fracture is greater in patients with lifestyle-related diseases such as poorly controlled type 2 diabetes mellitus and stage G3 chronic kidney disease (CKD) . The Japanese 2011 Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis covered osteoporosis secondary to lifestyle-related diseases as a typical example of ...
Marques Eduardo F EF From the Cruz Vermelha Hospital (Marques, Ferreira), Egas Moniz Hospital (Ferreira), and the Visual Sciences Research Center (Castanheira-Dinis), University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
We describe the case of a 69-year-old patient who had pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for epiretinal membrane removal 18 months after cataract surgery with implantation of a dual-optic accommodating IOL (Synchrony). During PPV, visualization of the macula was perfect, and the postoperative visual outcome was excellent. To our knowledge, this ...
Aksel Sarp S Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, - - 2014
Dilation and evacuation for intrauterine fetal demise has been associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality compared with dilation and evacuation for abortion. To date, this risk has not been well studied, and no clear recommendations exist for perioperative management. This study examines the complication rates after dilation and ...
Martinez Martin - - 2014
Repetitive and alternating lower limb movements are a specific component of human gait. Due to technical challenges, the neural mechanisms underlying such movements have not been previously studied with functional magnetic resonance imaging. In this study, we present a novel treadmill device employed to investigate the kinematics and the brain ...
Lee Eunice E School of Nursing, University of California, Los - - 2014
Purpose/Objectives: To assess the efficacy of Korean Immigrants and Mammography-Culture-Specific Health Intervention (KIM-CHI), an educational program for Korean American (KA) couples designed to improve mammography uptake among KA women.Design: A two-group cluster randomized, longitudinal, controlled design.Setting: 50 KA religious organizations in the Chicago area.Sample: 428 married KA women 40 years ...
Stone Ryan A RA Joan C. Edwards School of Medicine, Huntington, - - 2014
Obesity is a major epidemic and a well-known risk factor for pregnancy-related complications. We assessed the prevalence of inflammatory markers and cytoprotective adiponectin in our obese obstetric population. Peripheral blood from six normal and 17 obese patients was analyzed for inflammatory cytokines and adiponectin. The levels of inflammatory cytokines increased ...
Lofquist Frederica F Pacific Women's Obstetrics and Gynecology Medical Group, San Francisco, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of personal and family history of cancer in general obstetrics-gynecology practices and to identify reasons obstetrics-gynecology patients either accept or decline recommended genetic testing. Patients presenting for gynecologic care during a 19-week period were invited to enroll in the study. ...
Ettner Susan L SL Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, Department of Health Policy and Management, School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a patient-provider educational intervention in reducing at-risk drinking among older adults. Method: This was a cluster-randomized controlled trial of 31 primary care providers and their patients ages 60 years and older at a community-based practice with seven ...
Ritzman Tracey K TK Cascade Hospital for Animals, 6730 Cascade Road Southeast, Grand Rapids, MI 49546, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Gastrointestinal disorders are common in exotic mammals such as rabbits, guinea pigs and chinchillas. Presenting clinical signs of gastrointestinal disease can vary widely. Small herbivores require specific dietary support and therapeutic treatments. Ileus is a common clinical condition and can be a primary or secondary disease. Common forms of treatment ...
Heath Sarah S Behavioural Referrals Veterinary Practice, 10 Rushton Drive, Upton, Chester CH2 1RE, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
As general veterinary practitioners, we have a duty of care that applies not only to the physical health needs of our patients but also to their mental well-being. Advising clients about how to enrich their home and kennel environments is an important part of fulfilling that duty of care and ...
Sirota Ido I St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, - - 2014
To determine outcome differences in patients undergoing robotic-assisted compared with conventional laparoscopy for advanced-stage endometriosis. Cases were collected from our prospectively maintained computerized database of robotic-assisted and conventional laparoscopic surgical treatments for endometriosis performed by one surgeon experienced in both techniques. Included were all patients treated between July 2009 and ...
Robinson Jennifer A JA Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Baltimore, - - 2014
Adolescents and young adults represent approximately 40% of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United States. Although knowledge and attitudes regarding family planning methods and use have been described in adult women living with HIV, limited work has focused on adolescents and young adults. We conducted semistructured interviews ...
Papp Melissa Murphy MM Oakwood Hospital and Medical Center, Dearborn, - - 2014
Globesity is recognized by the World Health Organization as a pandemic issue. Obesity is considered the second leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Michigan is considered the fifth fattest state in the country. Ongoing observational study involving pregnant women with body mass index equal or above 50 ...
Advolodkina Polina P SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Proteinuria and blood pressure (BP) are essential features of preeclampsia. Few studies have characterized their effects on fetal outcomes. The objective of this study was to identify if proteinuria and BP affect fetal weight and Apgar scores. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted of all of preeclamptic mothers who delivered ...
Franca-Neto Antonio H AH Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campina Grande, PB, - - 2014
Increased visceral adipose tissue is strongly correlated with lipid profile and insulin resistance in adults and children. However, this correlation has not been assessed in newborns. The objective of this study was to verify the correlation between visceral adipose tissue and lipid profile, glucose, insulin, and homeostasis of resistance in ...
Johnson Amy M AM University of Connecticut/Hartford Hospital, Hartford, - - 2014
In an effort to decrease cesarean delivery rates, an institutional review of inductions performed at or beyond 39 weeks of gestation was designed to identify potential risk factors. A retrospective chart review of patients undergoing an induction of labor between 39 and 42 weeks of gestation was performed at a ...
Merriam Audrey A AA Christiana Care Health System, Newark, - - 2014
Activity restriction or "bed rest" is a commonly prescribed obstetric intervention, which lacks data demonstrating efficacy. Complications including bone demineralization, pulmonary atelectasis, venous thromboembolism, and muscle deconditioning have been attributed to bed rest. Exercise has a known beneficial effect toward achieving good glycemic control in women with gestational diabetes mellitus ...
Sturm R M RM Department of Urology, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, - - 2014
To review the clinical outcomes of "ideal" vs "nonideal" postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (PPI) patients who underwent male sling placement. The medical records of 95 consecutive patients with PPI who underwent male sling insertion (AdVance male sling, American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN) were reviewed. Patients were divided into "ideal" vs ...
Rice Samara L SL Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions (CASAA), Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Pre-post changes in readiness for change (RC) are commonly assessed in treatment outcome studies, often with contradictory results. Little is known about 12-month RC trajectories among those initiating change or about the association between RC and either within- or between-person alcohol use or time-lagged help-seeking behavior. Method: This ...
Stacey Rachel E RE Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, - - 2014
After recent abortion, women are at high risk for unintended pregnancy and repeat abortion. Use of highly effective contraception postabortion may mitigate this risk. Women cannot discontinue long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) without visiting a health care provider. This study investigates whether a women's trust in the health care system is ...
Borahay Mostafa A MA The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, - - 2014
Robotic surgery is associated with several advantages but also high costs. The aim of this study is to evaluate clinical outcomes and financial feasibility of outpatient robotic hysterectomy. Retrospective cohort study (Class II-2) of patients who underwent robotic hysterectomy for benign conditions by the same surgeon at the University of ...
Myers Jennifer R JR St Luke's University Health Network, Bethlehem, - - 2014
Abdominal binders have been shown to improve postoperative pain and distress after major abdominal surgery. The effect of abdominal binders on cesarean delivery recovery has never been studied. This study looks at the effects of abdominal binders on postcesarean delivery pain and distress. All patients admitted to labor and delivery ...
Subramaniam Akila A University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
Short interpregnancy interval-the time between last birth and next conception-is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth. Our objective was to evaluate the relationship between the interpregnancy interval and next pregnancy midtrimester cervical length in women at high risk for recurrent spontaneous preterm birth. Retrospective review identified high-risk women ...
Farkas Balint B University of Pecs, Pecs, - - 2014
Recently, 14-3-3 zeta protein was identified as a potential serum biomarker of epithelioid ovarian cancer. The goal of this study was to investigate the clinical potential of 14-3-3 zeta protein for monitoring epithelioid ovarian cancer progression compared with CA-125 and HE4. In a prospective follow-up study, carried out at the ...
Pettit Kate E KE University of California, San Diego, San Diego, - - 2014
Our objective was to determine whether inadequate gestational weight gain in the second trimester in twin pregnancies is associated with an increased risk of preterm birth before 32 weeks of gestation. We performed a retrospective cohort study including all viable twin pregnancies delivered at UCSD Medical Center from 2009-2013. Adequate ...
Zhang Hui Jue HJ Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Previous estimates of the incidence of varicella zoster virus pneumonia and maternal death associated with varicella zoster virus infection among the pregnant population have varied considerably and have been based predominantly on reports from case series. We sought to measure the incidence of varicella zoster virus infection, varicella zoster virus ...
Oliveira Eliany Nazaré EN School of Nursing, Department of Health Sciences, Federal University of Ceara, Sobral, - - 2014
The study aimed to analyze the clinical aspects of the treatment of crack cocaine and excessive alcohol users who were seen in a Psychosocial Care Center of Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAPS AD) in Sobral, Ceará, during the years 2010 and 2011. This is an exploratory descriptive and documentary study, ...
Bach Phil P Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
To compare the accuracy of retrograde urethrogram (RUG) interpretation between the primary physician performing the procedure and the independent physician interpreting the films to evaluate the suitability of relying on independent physician interpretations for the purposes of preoperative urethral stricture surgery planning. A retrospective review was performed on a cohort ...
Westgate Erin C EC Center for the Study of Health and Risk Behaviors, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: This study investigated whether self-reports of alcohol-related postings on Facebook by oneself or one's Facebook friends were related to common motives for drinking and were uniquely predictive of self-reported alcohol outcomes (alcohol consumption, problems, and cravings). Method: Pacific Northwest undergraduates completed a survey of alcohol outcomes, drinking motives, ...
Morrison Andrea K AK Department of Pediatrics, Section of Emergency Medicine, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisc. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to determine the association between low caregiver health literacy and child emergency department (ED) use, both the number and urgency of ED visits. This year long cross-sectional study utilized the Newest Vital Sign questionnaire to measure the health literacy of caregivers accompanying children to a pediatric ED. Prior ...
Bernstein Jonathan A - - 2014
These parameters were developed by the Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters (JTFPP), representing the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI); the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI); and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. The AAAAI and ACAAI have jointly accepted responsibility for ...
Mehta Aasta D AD Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology lists physician advocacy as one of the educational objectives included in the core curriculum in obstetrics and gynecology. However, there is a lack of formal education regarding how future physicians are to accomplish this objective, both in medical education and residency ...
Samir Chafik - - 2014
We study the problem of joint registration and deformation analysis of endometrial tissue using 3D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 2D trans-vaginal ultrasound (TVUS) measurements. In addition to the different imaging techniques involved in the two modalities, this problem is complicated due to: 1) different patient pose during MRI and ...
Fuks Aleksandr M AM Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai program at Queens Hospital Center, Jamaica, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of prophylactic adjunctive rectal administration of misoprostol on reduction of blood loss at vaginal delivery and incidence of postpartum anemia. Open-label, randomized prospective trial of 143 term singleton pregnancies, 2011-2013. Exclusion criteria were grand multiparity, multiple gestations, intrauterine fetal demise, ...
Louis-Jacques Adetola A Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to characterize the use of the new commercial tests for aneuploidy screening using cell-free fetal DNA by women at high risk for fetal aneuploidy. Retrospective cohort study of women undergoing cell-free fetal DNA testing in the first 6 months the tests were offered in ...
Primo Lily F LF University of Oklahoma Tulsa, Tulsa, - - 2014
Placenta accreta is an unyielding pregnancy complication with increased morbidity and mortality. Optimal management requires prenatal diagnosis. Currently, ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used for screening. We pursued if a risk assessment tool incorporating both clinical risk factors and screening radiography would give a more accurate prediction. We ...
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