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Werner Erika F EF Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, - - 2014
As few as 19% of women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have glucose screening in the postpartum period. We sought to determine if postpartum diabetes mellitus (DM) screening could occur during the delivery hospitalization. Women with GDM who delivered at one institution between August 1, 2012, and July 1, ...
Worstell Teresa T Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, - - 2014
We evaluated the length of the second stage of labor in women with and without epidural analgesia to estimate the effect of an epidural. This was a retrospective cohort study of 4,605 women without a history of cesarean delivery at a single community hospital. Length of the second stage of ...
Larion Sebastian S Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, - - 2014
We report here the changes in first-trimester screening and diagnostic testing after the introduction of noninvasive prenatal testing in a single practice. Monthly rates of first-trimester screening (and noninvasive prenatal testing) and diagnostic (chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis) procedures were recorded from billing records and retrospectively compared 1) before introduction ...
Chen Melissa M Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
Emergency medicine physicians can decrease the risk of unintended pregnancy in at-risk women presenting to the emergency department through consistent emergency contraception provision. We assessed emergency medicine residents' practice patterns and emergency contraception provision barriers to better understand emergency medicine resident training on emergency contraception. An online survey was e-mailed ...
Ikeda Yujio Y The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
Patients with pathologically "low-risk" endometrial cancer do not receive postoperative treatment; however, 10-15% show recurrence with poor prognosis. Cyclin D1 interacts with cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) and promotes the cell cycle from G1 to S phase. We evaluated the clinical importance of CDK4/6 activity and its significance as a novel ...
Kordik Abbe A Northshore University Health Systems, Evanston, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the frequency obesity is identified and treated among reproductive-aged women (age 18-44 years) at an integrated health system. The health system cares for over 3.5 million patients at four hospitals and 81 outpatient centers. Patient data are captured in the electronic medical ...
Jacobs Katherine M KM University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the anterior abdominal wall depth on the correlation between transabdominal cervical length and transvaginal cervical length measurements. A cross-sectional study included patients with singleton pregnancies between 18 and 24 weeks of gestation. Postvoid transabdominal cervical length and transvaginal cervical ...
Luoma Jason B JB Portland Psychotherapy Clinic, Research, & Training Center , Portland, OR - - 2014
Abstract Background: Stigma has been suggested as a possible contributor to the high rates of treatment attrition in substance-dependent individuals, but no published empirical studies have examined this association. Objectives: The present paper assessed the relationship between baseline stigma variables and length of treatment stay in a sample of patients ...
Ravens Pa P Faculty of Veterinary Science, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
To evaluate three easily performed methods of skin surface sampling for bacterial culture of Staphylococcus isolates obtained from dogs with superficial bacterial pyoderma (SBP) presenting to two veterinary teaching hospitals in Sydney, Australia, and to determine the antimicrobial susceptibility of isolates. Prospective study of 27 dogs with SBP. Cytologically confirmed ...
Ryan Barbara B School of Optometry and Vision Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, Wales; Department of Public Health, Welsh Government, Cardiff, Wales. - - 2014
Over the last 50 years, the concept of a low vision service has changed considerably. It has moved away from just the optometrist or optician dispensing magnifiers, to having a large team working across the health and social/ community care sectors, with voluntary organisations often playing an important role. This ...
van Hal Jaap W JW Energy Research Centre of The Netherlands (ECN), Biomass & Energy Efficiency, Westerduinweg 3, 1755 LE, Petten, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The unique chemical composition of seaweeds and their fast growth rates offer many opportunities for biorefining. In this article we argue that cascading biorefinery valorization concepts are viable alternatives to only using seaweeds as carbohydrate sources for the fermentative production of biofuels. However, many challenges remain with respect to use ...
Araki Motoko M Office of Health and Safety, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0808, - - 2014
Genome-editing technology, although a robust tool for genetic engineering, is creating indistinct regulatory boundaries between naturally occurring and modified organisms. However, researchers must act with caution in research and development to avoid misleading society. Furthermore, appropriate regulations should be proactively discussed and established for handling genome-editing technology.
Boffetta Paolo P Institute for Translational Epidemiology and Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai , New York, NY , - - 2014
Abstract Objective We investigated whether available epidemiological and toxicological data suggest an increased risk of mesothelioma among workers exposed to synthetic vitreous fibers (SVF). Methods We conducted a systematic review of epidemiological studies on the risk of mesothelioma among workers exposed to SVF, and toxicological studies on SVF and mesothelioma. ...
Taylor Janette Y JY The University of Iowa, College of Nursing, Iowa City, Iowa, - - 2014
This repeated measures, descriptive study investigated the effect of Music and Account-Making for Behavioral-Related Adaptation (MAMBRA), a group psychoeducation music intervention, on symptoms reported by 41 incarcerated and community women survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Psychosocial measurements included: the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale; Speilberger State Anxiety Inventory; ...
Al-Modallal Hanan H Hashemite University, Department of Community and Mental Health Nursing, - - 2014
This study aimed at investigating differences in mental health problems between attendees of governmental and United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees health care centers in Jordan. Further, predictors of mental health problems based on women's demographic profile were investigated. A convenience sample of 620 women attending governmental ...
Graneheim Ulla Hällgren UH Umeå University, Department of Nursing, Umeå, - - 2014
This study explored ten registered nurses' experiences of dialogues with inpatients in psychiatric care. Data were collected through four focus group discussions, and two individual interviews. The nurses described contradictions between their nursing ideals about dialogues and the reality faced in psychiatric inpatient care, resulting in an unsatisfactory work situation ...
Meng Maxwell - - 2014
Germline genetic polymorphisms might affect the risk of recurrence in patients with localised renal-cell carcinoma. We investigated the association between genetic polymorphisms and recurrence of renal-cell carcinoma. We analysed germline DNA samples extracted from patients with localised renal-cell carcinoma treated at the Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center (Boston, MA, USA). We selected ...
Brown Robert D RD Stevan B. Streem Center for Endourology & Stone Disease, Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, - - 2014
To evaluate regional differences in adaptation of best practice recommendations for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) across 4 distinct geographic regions. A retrospective study was performed using a prospective database maintained by a mobile lithotripsy provider (ForTec Medical, Streetsboro, OH). SWL cases performed in Ohio, Northern Illinois/Southern Wisconsin, Florida, and ...
Sturm R M RM Department of Urology, University of California Davis Medical Center, Sacramento, - - 2014
To review the clinical outcomes of "ideal" vs "nonideal" postprostatectomy stress urinary incontinence (PPI) patients who underwent male sling placement. The medical records of 95 consecutive patients with PPI who underwent male sling insertion (AdVance male sling, American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN) were reviewed. Patients were divided into "ideal" vs ...
Bach Phil P Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
To compare the accuracy of retrograde urethrogram (RUG) interpretation between the primary physician performing the procedure and the independent physician interpreting the films to evaluate the suitability of relying on independent physician interpretations for the purposes of preoperative urethral stricture surgery planning. A retrospective review was performed on a cohort ...
Kuntsche Emmanuel E Addiction Switzerland, Research Institute, Lausanne, Switzerland, Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, the - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the structure and endorsement of drinking motives and their links to alcohol use among 11- to 19-year-olds from 13 European countries. Method: Confirmatory factor analysis, latent growth curves, and multiple regression models were conducted, based on a sample of 33,813 ...
Knudsen Hannah K HK Department of Behavioral Science, University of Kentucky, Lexington, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: Acamprosate has been available in the United States for treating alcohol use disorders (AUDs) for nearly a decade, yet few studies have examined its use within AUD treatment organizations. In addition to describing dissemination and adoption of acamprosate, this study provides novel data regarding organizational processes that underlie ...
Cranford James A JA Addiction Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations among alcohol use disorder (AUD), stressful life events, and marital dissolution in a probability sample of adults. Method: The National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions is a prospective, longitudinal study of a probability ...
Franks Steven J SJ Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University, 160 Larkin Hall, 441 E. Fordham Road, Bronx, NY, 10458, USA; Louis Calder Center-Biological Field Station, Fordham University, 53 Whippoorwill Road, Armonk, NY, 10504, - - 2014
Invasive species stand accused of a familiar litany of offences, including displacing native species, disrupting ecological processes and causing billions of dollars in ecological damage (Cox ). Despite these transgressions, invasive species have at least one redeeming virtue - they offer us an unparalleled opportunity to investigate colonization and responses ...
Malhotra Amber A Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, U. N. Mehta Institute of Cardiology and Research Center, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, - - 2014
Median sternotomy is the preferred approach for open heart surgeries. The sternotomy incision is predominantly closed with either steel wire or polyester suture. The type of material used is primarily based on the surgeon's choice, and both materials achieve a good result. No prospective clinical study has been undertaken to ...
Yoshimura Noriko N Department of Joint Disease Research, 22nd Century Medical and Research Center, The University of Tokyo, - - 2014
To clarify the prevalence and estimate the number of people with osteoarthritis, and osteoporosis in Japan, we established a large-scale population-based cohort study entitled Research on Osteoarthritis/osteoporosis Against Disability (ROAD) . The prevalence of lumbar spondylosis (LS) in men and women was 80.6% and 61.5%, respectively with utilizing the ROAD ...
Urano Tomohiko T Department of Geriatric Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disease characterized by low bone mineral density (BMD) and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue. Osteoporosis increases susceptibility to fracture. Over the last 10 years, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified the single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with low BMD, osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures. These SNPs were ...
Furukawa Kyoji K Department of Statistics, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, - - 2014
In epidemiological studies where researchers investigate the factors that can affect human health, the theory and methodology of the statistics are a powerful tool to assert findings the data indicate. On the other hand, study designs and data analyses that are made without fully understanding the statistics can easily make ...
Sone Teruki T Department of Nuclear Medicine, Kawasaki Medical School, - - 2014
Diagnosis of sarcopenia is operationally based on having a low skeletal muscle mass in combination with poor physical functioning. Currently, several techniques are available for assessing regional or whole-body muscle mass noninvasively. Among these techniques, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is regarded as a most reliable and practical method for both ...
Roberts Jane J Northern Strategic Clinical Network primary care mental health - - 2014
Psychological difficulties are common in adolescents yet are not often addressed by GPs. Anxiety and uncertainty about professional practice, with a reluctance to medicalise distress, have been found among GPs. GP involvement in this clinical area has been shown to be influenced by how GPs respond to the challenges of ...
Tan Lawrence L Department of General Practice, School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
Camera phones have become ubiquitous in the digital age. Patients are beginning to bring images recorded on their mobile phones to share with their GP during medical consultations. To explore GP perceptions about the effect of patient-initiated camera phone images on the consultation. An interview study of GPs based in ...
Rooshenas Leila L School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol; and Institute of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, - - 2014
Preschool-aged children are the highest consumers of antibiotics, but consult mainly for viral infections. Little is known about how day care, which is common in this age group, influences primary care consulting and treatment-seeking behaviours. To investigate daycare providers' approaches to excluding and/or readmitting children with infections, and the consequences ...
Bernstein Jonathan A - - 2014
These parameters were developed by the Joint Task Force on Practice Parameters (JTFPP), representing the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI); the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI); and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. The AAAAI and ACAAI have jointly accepted responsibility for ...
Imamoglu Serhat S From the Eye Clinic (Imamoglu), Haydarpasa Numune Education and Research Hospital, a private practice (Kaya), the Department of Ophthalmology (Oral), Faculty of Medicine, Yeditepe University, and Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital (Perente, Basarir, Yilmaz), Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the efficacy and safety of corneal wavefront-guided custom laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) to correct refractive errors and higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Beyoglu Eye Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Noncomparative case series. The study comprised consecutive patients who were unable to tolerate spectacles or ...
Powers Matthew A MA From the Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, - - 2014
To describe the evolution of a new device to facilitate continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (CCC) creation. Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA. Experimental study. Bench-side ex vivo testing of unique prototypes for guidance and assistance of CCC in bovine and human eyes was performed. Five designs ...
Alshaikh Ghadeer Khalid GK King Saud University, Riyadh, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
The objective of this study was to review outcome of vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral suspension compared with sacrospinous hysteropexy for uterine prolapse. A retrospective chart review of the cases at a tertiary referral hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, from January 2006 to December 2012. Sacrospinous hysteropexy was done unilaterally on ...
Creinin Mitchell D MD University of California, Davis Health System, Sacramento, - - 2014
Nomegestrol acetate and 17β-estradiol is a novel combined oral contraceptive; the aim of this analysis is to compare the effects of nomegestrol acetate and 17β-estradiol against drospirenone and ethinylestradiol. We pooled analyses from two 1-year, randomized, open-label studies to compare the effects of nomegestrol acetate and 17β-estradiol (2.5 mg and ...
Baro Francesc F Hospital General Universitari Ball d'Hebron, Barcelona, - - 2014
Metabolic changes observed in women taking combined oral contraceptives may vary, depending on the dose and regimen of the combined oral contraceptive components. We compared metabolic profiles (secondary endpoints) in women enrolled in a multinational, randomized, parallel-group, open-label study comparing a 21-day combined oral contraceptive regimen containing 150 micrograms desogestrel ...
Ramesh Shanthi S Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, - - 2014
We sought to compare the effectiveness of 1 hour of 400 micrograms buccal misoprostol with overnight osmotic dilators in early second-trimester surgical abortion. We conducted a retrospective cohort study reviewing 170 charts from Family Planning Associates in Chicago, Illinois, to compare procedure times for women who received 400 micrograms of ...
Stacey Rachel E RE Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, - - 2014
After recent abortion, women are at high risk for unintended pregnancy and repeat abortion. Use of highly effective contraception postabortion may mitigate this risk. Women cannot discontinue long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) without visiting a health care provider. This study investigates whether a women's trust in the health care system is ...
Gross Marielle S MS University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
Only 33% of American females 9-26 years of age receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine as recommended. Missed opportunities have generated a sizable population of adults needing catch-up vaccination. Education is a known barrier to vaccination, but data on form and effectiveness of interventions remain limited. We investigate an educational ...
Jaffe Julia J SUNY Downstate/Kings County, Brooklyn, - - 2014
Many American adults use the Internet as a source of health information, and many adults also have difficulty understanding and using health information. Epidural anesthesia is the most commonly used method of pain control in labor, but patients' knowledge is varied. Assessment of web-based information can inform doctor-patient dialogues and ...
Oakley Susan H SH Good Samaritan Hospital, Cincinnati, - - 2014
In 2011, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education implemented work restrictions for interns (Postgraduate Year [PGY] 1) to combat potential physical and emotional burdens. We hypothesized resident burnout remains high despite these limitations. This web-based survey queried Ohio-based residents in general surgery, obstetrics-gynecology, family medicine, and internal medicine using ...
Markham Margaret R MR Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to identify the incidence of gonorrhea and chlamydia in women presenting for intrauterine device (IUD) insertion in an academic community clinic and to evaluate the current "two-visit" practice for IUD insertion. A retrospective chart review was conducted from 2009 to 2010 at People's Community ...
Lichten Edward M EM Wayne State College of Medicine, Birmingham, - - 2014
A 31-year old woman with stage VI endometriosis unresponsive to leuprolide acetate was scheduled for total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and hemicolectomy at John Hopkins Hospital. We hypothesized that the protocol medications with similar but stronger biochemical effects than danazol or gestrinone on sex hormone-binding globulin and free testosterone ...
Nippita Siripanth S Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
Health care providers may restrict intrauterine device (IUD) insertion until menstruation occurs secondary to device labeling. We describe pregnancy and bleeding patterns when IUD insertions occur at any time in the menstrual cycle. We enrolled women initiating the copper T380A or levonorgestrel intrauterine system after pregnancy test regardless of cycle ...
Liff Ingrid A IA Einstein/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate whether poverty is associated with birth outcome among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive women in the Bronx, New York. We conducted a retrospective antenatal and peripartum chart review of HIV-infected women who delivered in the Montefiore and Bronx Lebanon hospital systems in the ...
Oud Lavi L Texas Tech University HSC, Odessa, - - 2014
There are no population-based data trending the association of pregnancy-associated severe sepsis with maternal hospital death. We studied the Texas Inpatient Public Use Data File, using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes to identify pregnancy-associated hospitalizations, pregnancy-associated severe sepsis, and common reported causes of maternal deaths, including ...
Vigliani Marguerite B MB Warren Alpert School of Medicine, East Providence, - - 2014
A recent case of typhoid fever in the first trimester of pregnancy stimulated our curiosity about organisms that can cross the placenta. Despite early diagnosis and prompt treatment with appropriate antibiotic therapy, fetal loss occurred at 16 weeks of gestation as a result of abruption, and Salmonella enterica serovar typhi ...
Ackenbom Mary F MF Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Communication is essential to the provision of safe and high-quality patient care, especially on a busy unit such as labor and delivery. Debriefing allows for situation reflection and helps to improve interdisciplinary communication. We sought to evaluate the effect of debriefing after all deliveries on communication and perceptions of patient ...
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