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Results 451 - 500 of 5284
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Boulis Tharwat Stewart TS Hofstra North Shore-LIJ School of Medicine, Manhasset, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal serum analytes and placenta previa. Chart review of deliveries from 2004 to 2012 with two comparison groups: placenta previa without accreta and a control group. Patients in the control group were randomly selected from deliveries without placenta previa. ...
Grant Jeanolivia J Commonwealth Healthcare Corporation, Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana - - 2014
Betel quid chewing is very common among the native Pacific Islanders living in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and is the fourth most common habit in the world after tobacco, alcohol, and caffeine. Despite its widespread use, there are no studies regarding the effects of betel quid use ...
Koai Esther E Albert Einstein School of Medicine/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of antepartum diagnosis of placenta accreta on maternal and neonatal outcomes. Additionally, we evaluated the relative contribution of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to antepartum diagnosis. We conducted a retrospective analysis of pathologically proven placenta accreta with delivery after ...
Mastrogiannis Dimitrios S DS Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
In the anomalous fetus, the significance of an abnormal heart rate tracing is not clear because underlying nervous system perturbations may be responsible rather than acidemia. Recently, the National Institute for Child Health and Human Development suggested national nomenclature for fetal heart rate patterns, classified into three categories. The objective ...
van Hal Jaap W JW Energy Research Centre of The Netherlands (ECN), Biomass & Energy Efficiency, Westerduinweg 3, 1755 LE, Petten, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
The unique chemical composition of seaweeds and their fast growth rates offer many opportunities for biorefining. In this article we argue that cascading biorefinery valorization concepts are viable alternatives to only using seaweeds as carbohydrate sources for the fermentative production of biofuels. However, many challenges remain with respect to use ...
Chang Ellen T ET Health Sciences Practice, Exponent, Inc. , Menlo Park, CA, Bowie, MD, and Bellevue, WA , - - 2014
Abstract Geographic modeling is increasingly being used to estimate long-term environmental exposures in epidemiologic studies of chronic disease outcomes. However, without validation against measured environmental concentrations, personal exposure levels, or biologic doses, these models cannot be assumed a priori to be accurate. This article discusses three examples of epidemiologic associations ...
Eggener Scott - - 2014
The purpose of this analysis was to compare long-term urinary, bowel, and sexual function after radical prostatectomy or external-beam radiation therapy. The Prostate Cancer Outcomes Study (PCOS) enrolled 3533 men in whom prostate cancer had been diagnosed in 1994 or 1995. The current cohort comprised 1655 men in whom localized ...
Franks Steven J SJ Department of Biological Sciences, Fordham University, 160 Larkin Hall, 441 E. Fordham Road, Bronx, NY, 10458, USA; Louis Calder Center-Biological Field Station, Fordham University, 53 Whippoorwill Road, Armonk, NY, 10504, - - 2014
Invasive species stand accused of a familiar litany of offences, including displacing native species, disrupting ecological processes and causing billions of dollars in ecological damage (Cox ). Despite these transgressions, invasive species have at least one redeeming virtue - they offer us an unparalleled opportunity to investigate colonization and responses ...
Herd Hope A - - 2014
Having clear personal communication with a surgical patient's family members decreases the anxiety and increases patient and family member satisfaction. Perioperative team members at one East Coast community hospital implemented a new approach to communication in the perioperative area to address patient satisfaction after patient survey scores declined in the ...
Baro Francesc F Hospital General Universitari Ball d'Hebron, Barcelona, - - 2014
Metabolic changes observed in women taking combined oral contraceptives may vary, depending on the dose and regimen of the combined oral contraceptive components. We compared metabolic profiles (secondary endpoints) in women enrolled in a multinational, randomized, parallel-group, open-label study comparing a 21-day combined oral contraceptive regimen containing 150 micrograms desogestrel ...
Obedin-Maliver Juno J University of California-San Francisco, San Francisco, - - 2014
According to the 2011 Institute of Medicine Report and emphasized by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee Opinion, transgender individuals encounter significant healthcare barriers. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists charges obstetrician-gynecologists to help eliminate these barriers to care by creating nondiscriminatory practices and assisting with transitioning. ...
Baxter Jason K JK Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Although current obstetric practice guidelines suggest cervical length assessment in singletons for preterm birth risk, transvaginal ultrasonography has availability limitations. CerviLenz is a disposable device to measure vaginal cervical length. We sought to determine the threshold CerviLenz measurement with optimal specificity and sensitivity for diagnosis of short cervix by transvaginal ...
Grese Laura N LN University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Cervical insufficiency is characterized by recurrent painless cervical dilation and spontaneous midtrimester delivery. Diagnosis is clinical and retrospective, often ending in poor obstetric outcomes. Management involves cerclage, which is placed based on history of recurrent spontaneous preterm birth or midtrimester loss. Other indications are evidence of cervical shortening and midtrimester ...
Dimitriadis Irene I Tufts Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
There is a common perception that physicians cannot achieve a work-life balance. A survey was conducted to ascertain whether physicians have children and, if so, when and whether they encourage their children to follow in their footsteps. A survey titled "Would you encourage your children to become physicians?" was sent ...
Desai Kavita K St Luke's Roosevelt Hospital, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine incidence and risk factors for bowel injury and postoperative complications in laparoscopy compared with laparotomy in primary gynecologic procedures. Laparoscopy is well known for better visualization, less blood loss, and faster recovery time; however, incidence of bowel injury has not been well ...
Lakhi Nisha A NA New York Medical College-Richmond Program, Staten Island, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to present an obstetric simulation exercise designed to educate health care providers on techniques of quantifying blood loss and to assess the effect of the simulation exercise on accuracy of blood loss estimation in a clinical setting. A programmed learning simulation exercise was presented ...
Plante Brianne N BN Riverside Methodist Hospital, Columbus, - - 2014
Seprafilm, an adhesion barrier, has been used during cesarean delivery to prevent postoperative adhesions, but there is little published evidence to support its efficacy. The objective of this study was to determine if Seprafilm placed at the time of primary cesarean delivery decreased adhesive disease encountered at the time of ...
Danvers Antoinette A AA University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
The objective is to describe contraceptive use and preferred mode of contraceptive service provision among women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) to identify factors that could improve effective contraceptive use. This was a cross-sectional study of 80 HIV-positive women, 18-45 years old, at an academic center and a health department. ...
Reavill Drury D Zoo/Exotic Pathology Service, 2825 KOVR Drive, West Sacramento, CA 95605, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A variety of disease agents can affect the gastrointestinal tract of the exotic companion mammal, some of which can pose zoonotic health concerns. Many conditions present with nonspecific clinical signs (lethargy, variable degrees of diarrhea, and for most sick rodents, presenting hunched with spiky fur), necessitating additional laboratory testing to ...
Kempe Allison A Children's Outcomes Research Program, The Children's Hospital, Aurora, Colo; Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colo. Electronic address: - - 2014
School-located influenza vaccination (SLIV) may be instrumental in achieving high vaccination rates among children. Sustainability of SLIV programs may require third-party billing. This study assessed, among parents of elementary school students, the attitudes about SLIV and billing at school, as well as factors associated with being supportive of SLIV. We ...
Zapata Mya R MR University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
As many as one third of female health care providers use intrauterine contraception, but only 7.7% of U.S. women overall do. This begs the question: Might physician self-disclosure of intrauterine contraception use increase intrauterine contraception uptake among patients? However, the positive (or negative) effect of physician self-disclosure on intrauterine contraception ...
Liff Ingrid A IA Einstein/Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate whether poverty is associated with birth outcome among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive women in the Bronx, New York. We conducted a retrospective antenatal and peripartum chart review of HIV-infected women who delivered in the Montefiore and Bronx Lebanon hospital systems in the ...
Ngai Ivan I Montefiore Medical Center-Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, - - 2014
As a result of concerns that 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate may increase risk of preeclampsia, our goal was to evaluate the association of 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate and preeclampsia in women with a prior preterm birth. The records of women with a prior preterm birth who met criteria for 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate for the prevention ...
Towers Craig V CV University of Tennessee Medical Center-Knoxville, Knoxville, - - 2014
Parabens are esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid and are commonly used as preservatives in foods, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and personal care products. They are suspected endocrine disruptors and some have been found to bind estrogen receptors. Gestational exposure in animal studies has suggested a possible effect on later adult social behavior. The ...
Anaka Otito O Saint Peter's University Hospital, New Brunswick, - - 2014
Whereas hemoglobin A1C is an established tool for the management of diabetes, the benefit of hemoglobin A1C as a first-trimester screen and the relevance of established normal values in pregnancy has not been determined. We evaluated whether glucose-intolerant patients (hemoglobin A1C 5.7-6.4) had a higher likelihood of developing gestational diabetes ...
Kiefer Daniel G DG Lehigh Valley Health Network, Allentown, - - 2014
To determine if placement of a sodium hyaluronate and carboxymethylcellulose adhesion barrier at cesarean delivery reduces adhesion formation at subsequent cesarean delivery. We previously reported data showing no increase in short-term complications. Seven hundred fifty-three patients were evaluated in this multicenter, randomized study. Patients undergoing primary and repeat cesarean deliveries ...
Leung Anna S AS San Gabriel Valley Perinatal Medical Group, Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center, Pomona, - - 2014
To describe the pregnancy outcomes in patients with gestational diabetes diagnosed by the criteria established by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Group. We performed a retrospective cohort study of pregnant patients who met criteria for gestational diabetes mellitus established by the International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy ...
Luoma Jason B JB Portland Psychotherapy Clinic, Research, & Training Center , Portland, OR - - 2014
Abstract Background: Stigma has been suggested as a possible contributor to the high rates of treatment attrition in substance-dependent individuals, but no published empirical studies have examined this association. Objectives: The present paper assessed the relationship between baseline stigma variables and length of treatment stay in a sample of patients ...
Heidenreich Barbara B Good Bird Inc, PO Box 150604, Austin, TX 78715, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food plays an important part in companion animal health, and also plays a significant role in influencing animal behavior. Avian and small mammal species show general trends in food preferences that can be used to reinforce desired behaviors. Motivation for food can be increased by various strategies. Nonfood reinforcers also ...
Denholm Bonnie B AORN Nursing - - 2014
Tools for reducing pharmaceutical waste Key words: pharmaceutical waste, medication inventory reduction, nonpharmaceutical alternatives. Determining wound classification for removal of hardware Key words: wound classification, orthopedic hardware, secondary procedure. Transferring medications to the sterile field Key words: sterile transfer, sterile transfer device, rubber stopper, medication vials. Extended work hours that ...
Sridhar Aparna A David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Traditionally, health educators have provided contraception counseling highlighting long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods. Recently, mobile health applications have gained attention as potentially effective communicative tools. We designed a mobile application, "Plan A Birth Control" (Plan ABC), to provide tailored information about the most common, nonpermanent contraceptive methods with emphasis on ...
Berman Jay M JM Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
Radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation of fibroids has been reported in the literature, the procedure has been cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, but mid- to-long-term quality-of-life results in a heterogeneous population of premenopausal and symptomatic women are lacking. Our objective was to analyze the clinical success of radiofrequency ...
Taruttis Adrian - - 2014
Multispectral optoacoustic tomography (MSOT) utilizes broadband ultrasound detection for imaging biologically-relevant optical absorption features at a range of scales. Due to the multiscale and multispectral features of the technology, MSOT comes with distinct requirements in implementation and data analysis. In this work, we investigate the interplay between scale, which depends ...
Wang Nan A NA University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
We studied the safety of same-day placement of an intrauterine contraceptive for women at high risk for sexually transmitted infection (STI) and undesired pregnancy. Between September 2011 and May 2013, our inner-city clinic offered same-day testing for STI and intrauterine contraceptive placement to all women seeking emergency contraception or pregnancy ...
Strand Eric A EA Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine maternal and neonatal outcomes for patients with previable and periviable preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) who were expectantly managed. Retrospective cohort study of women with PPROM admitted to the hospital between January 1, 2007, and December 31, 2011. Pre- and periviable ...
Basil Jack J TriHealth, Cincinnati, - - 2014
As more patients are identified with BRCA mutations, the number of prophylactic breast and gynecology surgeries is increasing. To accommodate these patients in one surgical setting, previous reports have demonstrated that it is safe to perform combination surgery in one operative setting. Literature shows it is safe to perform the ...
Agrawal Alpna A University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, - - 2014
An efficient and efficacious method to screen for sleep disturbance in the clinical setting has not been systemically designed for use among pregnant women. The current study used a large prospective database to derive a short-form sleep scale and examined its predictive value on pregnancy risks. Data were collected from ...
Franca-Neto Antonio H AH Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Campina Grande, PB, - - 2014
Because of the overweight epidemy, we would like to verify if maternal factors are associated with visceral and subcutaneous adiposity in newborns and check if the relationship between these factors could be proved. A cross-sectional study with 116 pairs of mothers and newborns was performed between November 2009 and November ...
Johnson Amy M AM University of Connecticut/Hartford Hospital, Hartford, - - 2014
The use of diagnostic imaging in pregnant women is on the rise. Misconceptions regarding the risks and effects of fetal radiation exposure may lead to inappropriate practice patterns. The objective of this study was to query physicians about their knowledge and use of imaging in gravid women. An anonymous survey ...
Metz Torri D TD Denver Health Medical Center, Denver, - - 2014
The decline in operative vaginal delivery contributes to the increase in cesarean delivery. Many obstetricians are using vacuums preferentially. We aimed to determine if physicians who use only vacuums for operative vaginal delivery are more likely to choose cesarean in women who are operative vaginal delivery candidates. Physicians of operative ...
Daily Laura R LR University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
New cervical cancer screening guidelines recommend conservative management of low-grade cytology in women ages 21-24 years given their high clearance rate of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. The primary objective was to determine the rates of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 and 3 in high-risk, young women with low-grade cytology. After ...
Kerridge Bradley T BT Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Objective: The categorical-dimensional status of DSM-IV (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) conduct disorder (CD) and antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) is a source of controversy. This study examined whether the underlying structure of DSM-IV CD and ASPD was dimensional or categorical (taxonic) among individuals with and ...
Rice Mike M Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Acid-base disorders should be considered a process with the goal being to treat the patient and the underlying condition, not the numbers. A good understanding of the normal acid-base regulation in the body, as well as the most common derangements can prepare the emergency physician for this very common disorder ...
Saville Alison W AW Children's Outcomes Research Program, The Children's Hospital, Denver, Colo. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the following among parents of young children: 1) preferences about the source of immunization reminder/recall (R/R) messages, 2) the degree of acceptability of different R/R modalities, and 3) factors that influence preferences, including rural and urban characteristics. We conducted a survey among parents of children 19 to 35 ...
Iki Masayuki M Department of Public Health, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, - - 2014
Osteoporosis is a major burden on modern society because of its high prevalence and tragic consequences due to fractures. According to population-based epidemiologic studies, number of people with osteoporosis in Japan was estimated to be 13 million in 2005, and only 20% of them were under treatment. Osteoporosis is a ...
Lutgendorf Monica A MA Madigan Army Medical Center, Tacoma, - - 2014
Domestic violence is common, with a lifetime prevalence of 9-29%. Violence is associated with poor health and may be more common in military populations. A history of abuse is also common in patients with pain, urinary or bowel symptoms, and dyspareunia. Our purpose was to determine the prevalence and predictors ...
Ault Kevin A KA Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
Group B streptococcus (GBS) is the leading infectious cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Currently, intrapartum antibiotic treatment is the only means to decrease vertical transmission. Studies have shown that a vaccine administered during the third trimester is the most cost-effective option for GBS prevention, but the acceptability of such ...
Koren Gideon G The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy affect up to 90% of all pregnancies. Diclectin and Diclegis (delayed-release 10 mg doxylamine-10 mg pyridoxine combination) is the only antiemetic approved in the United States and Canada for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy at a maximum dose of 4 tablets per day. However, some ...
Ngai Ivan I Montefiore Medical Center-Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to compare the outcome of pregnancy in women diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) before 24 weeks of gestation with those diagnosed after 24 weeks of gestation. The records of women with a GDM were reviewed over a 5-year period. All women are routinely ...
Tucker Edmonds Brownsyne M BM Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine health care provider characteristics that predict periviable cesarean delivery practice patterns. We surveyed 295 obstetrician-gynecologists attending the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' 2013 Annual Clinical Meeting about mode of delivery decisions for periviable (22-24 weeks of gestation) preterm premature rupture of ...
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