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Results 1 - 50 of 2001
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Zhou Guang-Can GC a Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Microbes and Functional Genomics, Jiangsu Engineering and Technology Research Center for Industrialization of Microbial Resources, College of Life Science , Nanjing Normal University , Nanjing , PR - - 2014
A soil enrichment culture (SEC) rapidly degraded 96% of 200 mg L(-1) neonicotinoid insecticide thiamethoxam (TMX) in MSM broth within 30 d; therefore, its metabolic pathway of TMX, bacterial diversity and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) activities of the cultured isolates were studied. The SEC transformed TMX via the nitro reduction pathway ...
Torrens Francisco F a Institut Universitari de Ciència Molecular , Universitat de València, Edifici d'Instituts de Paterna , València , - - 2014
The high-performance liquid-chromatographic retentions of red-wine pesticide residues are modeled by structure-property relationships. The effect of different types of features is analyzed: geometric, lipophilic, etc. The properties are fractal dimensions, partition coefficient, etc., in linear and nonlinear correlation models. Biological plastic evolution is an evolutionary perspective conjugating the effect of ...
Khare Rishi Raj RR a Department of Soil Science , Jawaharlal Nehru Agricultural University , Jabalpur , Madhya Pradesh , - - 2014
This study was conducted to evaluate cyhalofop-p-butyl mobility in a sandy loam soil and subsequent distribution of residues at various depths under field conditions. Soil samples were taken from 0 to 150 cm depths at 3-90 d after rains in lysemeter of 1 and 2 m depths. Cyhalofop-p-butyl application at two rates ...
Shue Meei-Fang MF a Department of Environmental Science and Occupational Safety and Hygiene , Tajen University , Enpu , Pingtung , - - 2014
This study investigated the concentrations of Tributyltin (TBT) in water, sediment, and fish muscle samples taken from Kaohsiung Harbor and Kaoping River estuary, Taiwan. TBT concentrations in water and sediment samples ranged from less than 18.5 to 34.1 ng Sn L(-1) and from 2.44 to 29.7 ng Sn g(-1) weight per weight ...
Chang Bea-Ven BV a Department of Microbiology , Soochow University , Taipei , - - 2014
Tetracyclines (TCs), including tetracycline (TC), oxytetracycline (OTC), and chlortetracycline (CTC), are amongst the most common antibiotics used in animal husbandry. Residual amounts of these antibiotics in the environment are a concern because they contribute to selection of resistant bacteria. In this study, we investigated the biodegradation of three TCs in ...
Lin Hongjian H a Department of Bioproducts & Biosystems Engineering , University of Minnesota , St. Paul , Minnesota , - - 2014
The anaerobic activities in swine slurry storage and treatment generate biogas containing gaseous ammonia component which is a chemical agent that can cause adverse environmental impacts when released to the atmosphere. The aim of this pilot plant study was to remove ammonia from biogas generated in a covered lagoon, using ...
Masuma Runa R a Course of Environmental Adaptation Science, Division of Environmental Science Development, Graduate School of Environmental Science , Hokkaido University , Sapporo , - - 2014
The safety of Tinospora cordifolia and its potential to protect against ultraviolet radiation-induced cytotoxicity and DNA damage in PC12 cells were investigated. To evaluate the safety of T. cordifolia, cell viability and agarose gel electrophoresis were carried out using PC12 cells treated with 0 to 100 μg mL(-1) of methanol extract ...
Solyanikova Inna P IP a Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of Sciences , Pushchino , Moscow Region , - - 2014
This work investigated the distribution of the clcF gene in actinobacteria isolated from different ecotopes. The gene encodes chloromuconolactone dehalogenase (CMLD) ClcF, the enzyme found to date in only one representative of Gram-positive bacteria, Rhodococcus opacus 1CP, adapted to 2-chlorophenol (2CP). Using primers specific to the clcF gene, from the ...
Bu Dan D a Institute of Environmental Monitoring and Evaluation, School of Environment Science and Technology , Shanghai Jiao Tong University , Shanghai , - - 2014
A sensitive biotin-streptavidin-amplified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (BA-ELISA) method was developed for detecting non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug ketoprofen. Compared with traditional ELISA method, the sensitivity of proposed immunoassay was enhanced by the biotin-streptavidin system. Under the optimal condition, the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) was 0.25 ng mL(-1), with minor cross-reactivity to a number ...
Liwa Anthony C AC Department of Clinical Pharmacology, Weill Bugando School of Medicine, Catholic University of Health and Allied Sciences, Mwanza, - - 2014
Hypertension is increasingly common in sub-Saharan Africa, and rates of hypertension control are low. Use of traditional herbal medicines (THM) is common among adults in sub-Saharan Africa and may affect hypertension therapy. We searched Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, and Web of Knowledge in June 2013 to find studies about THM ...
Strisciuglio Teresa T Department of Advanced Biomedical Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via S. Pansini 5, Naples, - - 2014
Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is a systemic disorder characterized by reduced production of nitric oxide. This pathologic condition, which impairs vascular homeostasis, leads to the loss of protective properties of endothelial cells and is related to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. ED may affect every vascular bed, accounting for several clinical ...
Coomans de Brachène Alexandra A *De Duve Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, 1200 Brussels, - - 2014
Growth factors inactivate the FOXO (forkhead box O) transcription factors through PI3K (phosphoinositide 3-kinase) and PKB (protein kinase B). By comparing microarray data from multiple model systems, we identified HBP1 (high-mobility group-box protein 1) as a novel downstream target of this pathway. HBP1 mRNA was down-regulated by PDGF (platelet-derived growth ...
Emerich David W DW *Division of Biochemistry, 117 Schweitzer Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, - - 2014
Symbiosomes are a unique structural entity that performs the role of biological nitrogen fixation, an energy-demanding process that is the primary entryway of fixed nitrogen into the biosphere. Symbiosomes result from the infection of specific rhizobial strains into the roots of an appropriate leguminous host plant forming an organ referred ...
Berndt M C MC Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
At the same time as biophysical and omics approaches are drilling deeper into the molecular details of platelets and other blood cells, as well as their receptors and mechanisms of regulation, there is also an increasing awareness of the functional overlap between human vascular systems. Together, these studies are redefining ...
Lafeuille Marie-Hélène MH Groupe d'analyse, Ltée, 1000 De La Gauchetière W., Ste. 1200, Montréal, QC H3B 4W5. - - 2014
With the growing use of oral anticancer medications, understanding adherence patterns has become increasingly important. Abiraterone acetate (AA) is a prodrug of abiraterone, a novel androgen biosynthesis inhibitor. AA is approved for use in combination with prednisone for treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.  To evaluate AA and ...
Kandadai Padma P From the Divisions of *Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery, and †Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center, Worcester, - - 2014
Routine preoperative evaluation of the endometrium before Le Fort colpocleisis is often recommended. There are no data, however, to support this practice. In select patients, it may not be a necessary addition to the preoperative evaluation of Le Fort colpocleisis. A decision analysis model was created to compare uterine evaluation, ...
Mariano Edward R ER MAS, Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care Service, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, 3801 Miranda Ave, 112A, Palo Alto, CA 94304 USA. - - 2014
Limited data exist regarding the echogenicity of perineural catheters, but visualization is crucial to ensure accurate placement and efficacy of the subsequent local anesthetic infusion. The objective of this study was to determine the comparative echogenicity of various regional anesthesia catheters. In an in vitro porcine-bovine model, we compared the ...
Anand Mallika M From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Diskitis after sacrocolpopexy for pelvic organ prolapse has been increasingly reported in the literature. We present a case of vesicosacrofistulization resulting in diskitis and osteomyelitis after robotically assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy performed at an outside institution. A 70-year-old woman with uterovaginal prolapse and stress urinary incontinence underwent robotic supracervical hysterectomy with ...
Srivastava A A Department of Haematology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, - - 2014
Care for people with haemophilia (PWH) has improved much over the last two decades leading to near normal lives for those receiving early regular prophylaxis with clotting factor concentrates (CFC). Yet, there are significant limitations of those practices. In the absence of a well-defined optimal prophylaxis protocol, there are wide ...
Kozma Chris M CM 84 Tomahawk Trail, St. Helena Island, SC 29920. - - 2014
Approaches to pain management are diverse, requiring prescribers to evaluate an array of clinical issues and potential solutions. In addition to the difficult task of selecting a treatment option, pain treatment may be further complicated by multiple prescribers, multiple medications, and multiple mechanisms of pain origination. To describe patient demographics ...
Napolitano Raffaele R Pregnancy Advisory Center, St George's University of London, Cranmer Terrace, London SW17 0RE, England. - - 2014
Objectives- To characterize the 3D Doppler sonographic appearance of the uterine cavity in asymptomatic and symptomatic women after administration of mifepristone and misoprostol for medical termination of pregnancy. Methods- A prospective observational study was performed. Women admitted for medical termination of pregnancy underwent transvaginal sonography 15 days after the procedure. ...
Jones Stephen C SC Comparative Orthopaedics and Biomechanics Laboratory, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL - - 2014
Objective-To compare accuracy of a noninvasive single-plane fluoroscopic technique with radiostereometric analysis (RSA) for determining 3-D femorotibial poses in a canine cadaver with normal stifle joints. Sample-Right pelvic limb from a 25-kg adult mixed-breed dog. Procedures-A CT scan of the limb was obtained before and after metal beads were implanted ...
Kuuranne Tiia T Doping Control Laboratory, United Medix Laboratories Ltd., , Helsinki, - - 2014
In the fight against doping, steroid profiling is a powerful tool to detect drug misuse with endogenous anabolic androgenic steroids. To establish sensitive and reliable models, the factors influencing profiling should be recognised. We performed an extensive literature review of the multiple factors that could influence the quantitative levels and ...
Yin Senlin S Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Pediatric Heart Center of West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, - - 2014
Ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a common congenital heart disease. Open surgical repair with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and sternotomy is the classic treatment. Percutaneous device closure is a minimally invasive alternative in treating selected VSDs, but it is limited by vascular access as well as radiation exposure especially in pediatric ...
Iwasaki Akiko A Department of Immunobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, 300 Cedar Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, - - 2014
Influenza viruses are a major pathogen of both humans and animals. Recent studies using gene-knockout mice have led to an in-depth understanding of the innate sensors that detect influenza virus infection in a variety of cell types. Signalling downstream of these sensors induces distinct sets of effector mechanisms that block ...
Bucknoff Melissa C MC Department of Clinical Sciences, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA - - 2014
Objective-To determine whether thromboelastography is more accurate than conventional methods of evaluating hemostasis for the prediction of clinical bleeding in thrombocytopenic dogs following total body irradiation (TBI) and bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Animals-10 client-owned thrombocytopenic dogs with multicentric lymphoma. Procedures-Results of a kaolin-activated thromboelastography assay, platelet count, and buccal mucosal ...
van den Berg H M HM Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the - - 2014
Inhibitor development is a serious complication of treatment with coagulation products. Presently, 25-30% of all newly diagnosed patients with severe haemophilia A are diagnosed with inhibitors. An increasing number of genetic and non-genetic risk factors have been reported to be involved, although the impact of them in understanding the aetiology ...
Chen Man M Department of Diagnostic Ultrasound, Zhong Shan Hospital, Fudan University School of Medicine, 180 Fen Lin Rd, 200032 Shanghai, China. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to differentiate perfusion and vascular characteristics between benign and malignant breast lesions by 3-dimensional contrast-enhanced sonography and evaluate their correlation with microvessel density and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression for further clinical exploration. Methods- Three-dimensional contrast-enhanced sonography was performed in 183 patients ...
Kim Hyeun Bum HB Department of Veterinary and Biomedical Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN - - 2014
Objective-To evaluate the effects of tylosin on C-reactive protein concentration, carriage of Salmonella enterica, and antimicrobial resistance genes in commercial pigs. Animals-120 pigs on 2 commercial farms. Procedures-A cohort of sixty 10-week-old pigs in 4 pens/farm (15 pigs/pen) was randomly selected. Equal numbers of pigs were given feed containing tylosin ...
Fischer K K Van Creveldkliniek, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Prophylaxis has become the standard mantra of care for those individuals with severe haemophilia A and B. Primary prophylaxis is advocated to prevent the occurrence of symptomatic acute spontaneous haemarthroses and to preserve joint structure and function. Typically, twice or thrice weekly infusions of factor VIII or IX concentrates are ...
Yu Ning N Department of Nephrology, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College, 16 Jiangsu Rd, 266003 Qingdao, Shandong, China. - - 2014
Objectives- The purpose of this study was to evaluate Virtual Touch tissue quantification (VTQ; Siemens AG, Erlangen, Germany) in stages of diabetic kidney disease. Methods- A total of 120 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were divided into 3 groups according to their urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR): normoalbuminuria (ACR <30 ...
Kitchen S S Coagulation Laboratory, Sheffield Haemophilia and Thrombosis Centre, Royal Hallamshire Hospital, Sheffield, - - 2014
The dawning era of novel recombinant factor VIII and factor IX concentrates, many of which have been bioengineered to achieve prolonged activity, brings with it the need to consider the most appropriate clinical laboratory approaches for potency assignment, as well as the measurement of postinfusion levels. This session will highlight ...
Levin Philip A PA MODEL Clinical Research, Greater Baltimore Medical Center, 6535 N. Charles St., Ste. 400 N, Baltimore, MD 21204. - - 2014
Patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), despite therapy with 2 oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs), may add a third OAD or a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1) or initiate insulin therapy. The transition to insulin has been shown to be delayed in current practice, potentially through clinical inertia-the failure ...
Botsios Spiridon S Department of Thoracic- and Cardiovascular Surgery, St.-Johannes Hospital Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany; Faculty of Health, University Witten/Herdecke, Witten, - - 2014
This study evaluated the long-term results of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) of nontraumatic rupture of the descending thoracic aorta. This was a retrospective and observational single-center study. During the 10-year study period, 21 patients (6 males) with an average age of 66.1 ± 12.4 (range 31-81) years underwent emergency TEVAR for ...
Shima M M Department of Pediatrics, Nara Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, - - 2014
The primary major issue in haemophilia treatment remains the development of inhibitors. Recently two novel bypassing products have been developed. First, a humanized bispecific antibody against FIXa and FX, termed hBS23, was produced utilizing these two molecules placed into a spatially appropriate position to mimic FVIIIa, and recently this mimetic ...
Armstrong Edward P EP College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721. - - 2014
Health systems have developed interventions to reduce harm associated with drug-drug interactions. Pharmacy benefit managers are in an important position to identify the coprescribing of medications known to interact, since they process data on a large portion of prescription claims in the United States. Electronic health records and electronic prescribing ...
Marin Daniele D From the Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3808, Room 1531, Erwin Rd, Durham, NC - - 2014
Recent technologic advances in computed tomography (CT)-enabling the nearly simultaneous acquisition of clinical images using two different x-ray energy spectra-have sparked renewed interest in dual-energy CT. By interrogating the unique characteristics of different materials at different x-ray energies, dual-energy CT can be used to provide quantitative information about tissue composition, ...
Taşolar Sevgi S Department of Radiology, Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Hastane Caddesi, 02030 Adiyaman, Turkey. - - 2014
Objectives- Neurologic lesions in Behçet disease are most frequently observed in areas supplied by the vertebrobasilar system. We aimed to evaluate possible vertebral artery involvement by Doppler sonography in patients with Behçet disease. Methods- Forty-five patients with Behçet disease and 29 healthy volunteers had Doppler sonography of the vertebral arteries. ...
James P P Department of Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, - - 2014
Rare bleeding disorders (RBDs) are inherited deficiencies of coagulation factors such as fibrinogen, factor (F) II, FV, FVII, combined FV+FVIII, FX, FXI and FXIII. These disorders usually have a low prevalence in the general population and constitute approximately 3-5% of all coagulation disorders. However, in some countries they may have ...
Chin Kathleen K From the Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, - - 2014
Single-incision slings are the newest midurethral slings developed for the surgical treatment of stress urinary incontinence. We report the case of a patient who underwent single-incision sling placement who presented with recurrent stress incontinence 3 years after the procedure. She was found to have a 1.7-cm bladder stone that formed ...
Prifti Edvin E Division of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital Center of Tirana, Tirana, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome in a series of patients with Ebstein's anomaly and a failing right ventricle (RV) undergoing tricuspid valve (TV) repair and bidirectional Glenn cavopulmonary anastomosis (BDG). Between January 2006 and September 2013, 11 consecutive patients diagnosed with severe forms of Ebstein's ...
Hansen Brooke L BL From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, - - 2014
The objectives of this study are (1) to describe the presenting symptoms, findings, and treatment and (2) to describe the self-reported improvement and function at least 6 months after presentation in women presenting to 1 urogynecology division for complications associated with synthetic vaginal mesh. Women evaluated between 2006 and 2011 ...
Kulkarni R R Professor and Director Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
All-oral treatments of hepatitis C (HCV) have been trialled in patients with hereditary bleeding disorders and found to be effective. Further refinements of dosing and duration are being established. Importantly for patient acceptability these regimens are interferon-free. Cohort studies in older patients with haemophilia direct the need for attention to ...
Yang Zun Z Affiliated Hospital of Stomatology, Chongqing Medical University, 426 Songshi North St, Yubei District, 401147 Chongqing, China. - - 2014
Objectives- Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (US) can accelerate fracture healing and osteogenic differentiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the osteogenic effect of low-intensity pulsed US on human periodontal ligament cells and to determine whether bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-Smad signaling was involved. Methods- Human periodontal ligament cells were exposed ...
Santos Marcos P MP Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL - - 2014
Objective-To compare the mechanical properties of laryngeal tie-forward (LTF) surrogate constructs prepared with steel fixtures and No. 5 braided polyester or braided polyethylene by use of a standard or a modified suture placement technique. Sample-32 LTF surrogate constructs. Procedures-Surrogate constructs were prepared with steel fixtures and sutures (polyester or polyethylene) ...
Ialomiteanu Anca R AR Social and Epidemiological Research Department, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, - - 2014
The aim of our paper is to present trend data concerning public opinion on alcohol policy in the Canadian province of Ontario over a 16-year period (1996-2011), to assess if the level of support for alcohol control policies changed over this period and if any changes in public support for ...
Rosenblatt Peter P From the *Division of Urogynecology, Mount Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, MA; †American Medical Systems, Minnetonka, MN; ‡Institute for Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery, Allentown, PA; §Sacred Heart Medical Center, Spokane, WA; ∥Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery, The Christ Hospital, Cincinnati, OH; and ¶Colon & Rectal Surgery Associates, Ltd, Minneapolis, - - 2014
The TOPAS AMS pelvic floor repair system is a self-fixating polypropylene mesh intended for use to reinforce soft tissues where weakness exists in the gynecological and gastroenterological anatomy. It is not available commercially in any country. This was a preliminary study conducted to obtain initial clinical experience with the TOPAS ...
Maki Erik E Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Oregon Health and Science University, Mail Code L340, 3181 SW Sam Jackson Park Rd, Portland, OR 97239 USA. - - 2014
Prenatal sonography and magnetic resonance imaging of suprarenal fetal masses is presented, along with clinical information and follow-up. Imaging pearls and differential considerations for each diagnosis will be discussed. Fetal suprarenal mass diagnoses include neuroblastoma, extralobar pulmonary sequestration, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, partial multicystic dysplastic kidney, renal duplication, urinoma, gastric duplication ...
Asano Kenichiro K Department of Nephrology, Kurashiki Central Hospital, 1-1-1 Miwa, Kurashiki 710-8602, Japan. - - 2014
Objectives- The aim of this study was to identify the main influencing factor of the shear wave velocity (SWV) of the kidneys measured by acoustic radiation force impulse elastography. Methods- The SWV was measured in the kidneys of 14 healthy volunteers and 319 patients with chronic kidney disease. The estimated ...
Goodeve A C AC Sheffield Diagnostic Genetics Service, Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust and Haemostasis Research Group, Department of Cardiovascular Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, - - 2014
Molecular genetic tools are widely applied in inherited bleeding disorders. New genes involved in haemorrhagic disorders have been identified by genome wide linkage analysis on families with a specific phenotype. LMNA1 or MCFD in combined FV/FVIII-deficiency and VKORC1 in vitamin K coagulation factor deficiency type 2 are two examples. Identification ...
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