Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2001
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Wada Cherisse C John A. Burns School of Medicine, University of Hawai'i, Honolulu, - - 2014
Dermatomyositis as a paraneoplastic consequence of gynecological malignancy has rarely been reported in literature and never been reported in Honolulu. This case report describes a local Honolulu resident who was diagnosed with endometrial adenocarcinoma upon presenting with acute dermatomyositis symptoms.
Kim Dae-Young DY Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study was conducted to determine the influence of Taekwondo as security martial arts training on anaerobic threshold, cardiorespiratory fitness, and blood lactate recovery. [Subjects and Methods] Fourteen healthy university students were recruited and divided into an exercise group and a control group (n = 7 in each group). ...
Kim Jin-Hee JH Department of Physical Therapy, College of Health Sciences, Catholic University of Pusan, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to verify whether precise contraction of the pelvic floor muscle (PFM) using visual feedback actually affects the thickness of abdominal muscles. [Subjects] The subjects were 29 healthy adults in their 20s who consented to participate in this study. [Methods] This study provided visual ...
Pagliai Fernando A FA Microbiology and Cell Science Department, Genetics Institute, Institute of Food and Agricultural Science, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of - - 2014
The causal agent of Huanglongbing disease, 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus', is a non-culturable, gram negative, phloem-limited α-proteobacterium. Current methods to control the spread of this disease are still limited to the removal and destruction of infected trees. In this study, we identified and characterized a regulon from 'Ca. L. asiaticus' involved ...
- - 2014
The doi in the printed journal is incorrect. It should be 10.11622/smedj.2014027, and not 10.11622/smedj.2013134. The online version of the article reflects the correct doi.
Angeletti G G NESMOS Department (Neuroscience, Mental Health and Sensory Organs), School of Medicine and Psychology, Saint Andrea Hospital of Rome, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Evidence has shown that psychotherapy is effective for depression, whereas the outcome for suicide risk is unclear. It was to investigate whether possible pre-treatment predictors of suicide risk (SR) decrease after a brief psychodynamic psychotherapy treatment and at follow-up. Forty-one patients were assessed at: baseline (T0) for clinical history, clinical ...
Hanita O O Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Pathology, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. - - 2014
Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) contribute in the development of preeclampsia and are suggested as prediction markers in healthy pregnant women but limited data is available in women with major preeclampsia risk factors. This study aimed to determine the role of sFlt-1 and PlGF in ...
McKinnon M M Division of Palliative Care, Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON. ; Bruyère Continuing Care, Ottawa, - - 2014
Palliative sedation (ps), the continuous use of sedating doses of medication to intentionally reduce consciousness and relieve refractory symptoms at end of life, is ethically acceptable if administered according to standards of best practice. Procedural guidelines outlining the appropriate use of ps and the need for rigorous documentation have been ...
Andreoli Arianna A Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland; University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
While traditionally surgery has dominated the clinical management of Buruli ulcer (BU), the introduction of the combination chemotherapy with oral rifampicin and intramuscular streptomycin greatly improved treatment and reduced recurrence rates. However management of the often extensive lesions after successful specific therapy has remained a challenge, in particular in rural ...
Kim Ju-Hyun JH Laboratory of Health Science and Nanophysiotherapy, Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School, Yongin University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (BaPWV), which has been reported as an index of arterial stiffness, is very closely related to cardiovascular risk factors. A high BaPWV indicates high cardiovascular risk. However, BaPWV and pressure waveforms after stroke are not fully understood. [Methods] BaPWV was measured in thirty-two subjects (twenty-two ...
Adeleke Oluwatoyin A - - 2014
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a leading molecule in the management of epilepsy. Surveys have revealed that a sufficient lack of therapeutically efficient CBZ transbuccal formulation exists. Therefore, this investigation was directed toward designing multiparticulate composite construct (MCC) for the transbuccal delivery of CBZ. The MCC was formulated using interphase, coparticulate–cosolvent homogenization ...
Tamburrelli F C FC Department of Orthopedic Science and Traumatology, Spine Surgery Division and Department of Surgical Sciences; Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, School of Medicine, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Cauda equina syndrome is a rare but highly impairing syndrome involving lower limbs as well as urinary, defecatory and sexual function. In the literature the most investigated sphincter dysfunction is the urinary. Bowel and sexual function are often overlooked since they become more relevant after the acute phase. Eight consecutive ...
Marrero Barrera Pablo A - - 2014
It has been reported that patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (called multiple osteochondromatosis by the World Health Organization) are at increased risk for malignant transformation of osteochondromas to secondary chondrosarcomas. A review of the literature found 14 cases showing transformation of osteochondromas into osteosarcomas; however, Ewing sarcoma has never been ...
Dosik Jonathan S JS TKL Research, Inc., Rochelle Park, New - - 2014
Phase 1 studies were conducted to determine the sensitization (PEP005-005; NCT00357916; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00357916), photoirritation (PEP005-023; NCT00850811; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00850811?term=PEP005-023&rank=1), and photoallergic (photosensitizing) potential (PEP005-024; NCT00850681; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00850681?term=PEP005-024&rank=1) of ingenol mebutate gel 0.01% versus vehicle on normal skin. Healthy volunteers were enrolled in single-center, randomized, controlled, within-subject comparison trials. PEP005-005 was designed as a repeat-insult ...
Mun Byeong-Mu BM Department of Rehabilitation Science, Graduate School, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] This study sought to identify the gait aspects according to the FES stimulation position in stroke patients during gait training. [Subjects and Methods] To perform gait analysis, ten stroke patients were grouped based on 4 types of gait conditions: gait without FES stimulation (non-FES), gait with FES stimulation on ...
Limoli Dominique H DH Department of Microbial Infection and Immunity, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, United States of - - 2014
Acquisition of adaptive mutations is essential for microbial persistence during chronic infections. This is particularly evident during chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa lung infections in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Thus far, mutagenesis has been attributed to the generation of reactive species by polymorphonucleocytes (PMN) and antibiotic treatment. However, our current studies of ...
Ong C - - 2014
Picky eating is a common cause of concern for parents of young children. Paediatricians and family physicians are in a key position to help parents learn ways to feed their children effectively. Despite the high prevalence of picky eating, the growth of the majority of picky eaters does not suffer ...
Zhou Xiaorui X Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Department of Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Sepsis-induced myocardial injury (SIMI) is caused by a variety of mechanisms. The aim of the study is to investigate the effects of metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) on SIMI and its mechanisms in rats. Forty male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups: MMP-8 inhibitor (M8I), dexamethasone (DEX), sepsis, and sham ...
Kleiber Joseph R JR Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University, 4017 ALS, Corvallis, OR 97331, - - 2014
Laboratory screening bioassays and field trapping experiments of spotted wing drosophila flies, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), were conducted to determine the attractiveness of 17 compounds as well as to compare attractant efficiency during peak fruit ripeness and postharvest captures late in the season. Compounds structurally related to each of ...
Oran M M Department of Internal Medicine, Namik Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Tekirdag, Turkey. - - 2014
Skin tag (STs) are benign connective tissue tumors of the dermis. Some researchers have argued that there is a relationship between skin tag and colon polyps, although the physiopathological mechanisms underlying this relation were not well elucidated. In this study we aimed to investigate the co-existence of colonic adenomatous polyps ...
Klein J J Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, - - 2014
Hepatocellular carcinoma (hcc) is a leading cause of cancer mortality, and its incidence is increasing in developed countries. Risk factors include cirrhosis from viral hepatitis or alcohol abuse. Metabolic syndrome is a newly recognized, but important, risk factor that is likely contributing to the increased incidence of hcc. Surgery is ...
Liu Guo-Dong - - 2014
In this study, the difference in expression of human beta-defensin-3 in periprosthetic tissue and cancellous bone was observed in the periprosthetic tissue and cancellous bone of patients in the periprosthetic joint infection group, the aseptic loosening group, and the spacer treatment group as well as the synovial membrane and ilium ...
Van Acker Monica M MM Michigan State University College of Osteopathic Medicine, East Lansing, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to determine if delivery of wound care instruction pre-Mohs micrographic surgery versus the typical, post-Mohs surgery would allow for greater patient retention. A non-blinded, randomized, controlled trial receiving institutional review board exemption from Michigan State University was conducted over a three-month period. Patients scheduled ...
Mainenti Míriam Raquel Meira MR Augusto Motta University Center (UNISUAM): Praça das Nações, 34, 3rd floor, Bonsucesso, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
[Purpose] Complaint of pain is common in computer workers, encouraging the investigation of pain-related workplace factors. This study investigated the relationship among work-related characteristics, psychosocial factors, and pain among computer workers from a university center. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen subjects (median age, 32.0 years; interquartile range, 26.8-34.5 years) were subjected to measurement ...
Cheong K X KX Department of General Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433. - - 2014
We aimed to report the outcomes of inguinal hernia repair performed at Tan Tock Seng Hospital and compare them with those performed at dedicated hernia centres. We retrospectively analysed the medical records and telephone interviews of 520 patients who underwent inguinal hernia repair in 2010. The majority of the patients ...
Guan Xiaoming X Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Second Hospital, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030001, China; Department of Orthopaedics Surgery, Da Yi Hospital, Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030032, - - 2014
Recent studies have indicated that human nucleus pulposus contain mesenchymal stem cells (NP-MSCs). However, the immunophenotypic variation of NP-MSCs in vitro was unclear. The present study was conducted to address the immunophenotypic variation of mesenchymal stem cells in nucleus pulposus under continuous proliferation in vitro and show the difference between ...
Balkissoon Rishi - - 2014
At the authors' institution, some joint arthroplasty surgeons require the operating room to be terminally cleaned before using the room after infected cases, in theory to decrease exposure to excessive microbial contamination for the subsequent patient. The authors found no guidance in the literature to support this practice. To test ...
Yang Wan W Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of - - 2014
A variety of filtering methods enable the recursive estimation of system state variables and inference of model parameters. These methods have found application in a range of disciplines and settings, including engineering design and forecasting, and, over the last two decades, have been applied to infectious disease epidemiology. For any ...
Rose Clair C Department of Parasitology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, United - - 2014
Tsetse flies serve as biological vectors for several species of African trypanosomes. In order to survive, proliferate and establish a midgut infection, trypanosomes must cross the tsetse fly peritrophic matrix (PM), which is an acellular gut lining surrounding the blood meal. Crossing of this multi-layered structure occurs at least twice ...
Ji Sang-Goo SG Department of Physical Therapy, Eulji University Hospital, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was to examine whether mirror therapy in conjunction with FES in stroke patients can improve gait ability. [Subjects] This study was conducted with 30 subjects who were diagnosed with hemiparesis due to stroke. [Methods] Experimental group I contained 10 subjects who received mirror ...
Halpern Joseph Y JY Computer Science Department, Cornell - - 2014
There have been two major lines of research aimed at capturing resource-bounded players in game theory. The first, initiated by Rubinstein (), charges an agent for doing costly computation; the second, initiated by Neyman (), does not charge for computation, but limits the computation that agents can do, typically by ...
Lai S S Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Nephrology, and Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology; Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) show a risk of cardiovascular death, which is 10-100 times higher than that in the general population. This increase is not completely explained by the traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Hyperuricemia and hyperhomocysteinemia are highly prevalent in CKD. Patients suffering from these complications present accelerated ...
Toufexis Megan - - 2014
Perianal streptococcal dermatitis is an infection caused by group A streptococcus (GAS). Children with a pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcal infections (PANDAS) phenotype may have tics or obsessive compulsive symptoms secondary to a systemic immune activation by GAS infecting perianal areas. In this retrospective case series, the authors ...
Azma R Z RZ Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Department of Pathology, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. - - 2014
Alpha (Α) thalassaemia is the most common inherited disorder in Malaysia. The clinical severity is dependant on the number of Α genes involved. Full blood count (FBC) and haemoglobin (Hb) analysis using either gel electrophoresis, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or capillary zone electrophoresis (CE) are unable to detect definitively ...
Olson R A RA BC Cancer Agency Centre for the North, Prince George, BC. ; University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC. ; University of Northern British Columbia, Prince George, - - 2014
The unmet needs of cancer survivors in rural, remote, and aboriginal communities are largely unexplored. We explored potential differences between rural survivors (rss) in 4 general population (gp) and 4 First Nations (fn) communities. We approached 4 gp and 4 fn rs communities to participate in a mixed-methods project. Participants ...
Tang Grace W GW Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of - - 2014
Target-based drug discovery must assess many drug-like compounds for potential activity. Focusing on low-molecular-weight compounds (fragments) can dramatically reduce the chemical search space. However, approaches for determining protein-fragment interactions have limitations. Experimental assays are time-consuming, expensive, and not always applicable. At the same time, computational approaches using physics-based methods have ...
Stauch Anette A Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Applied Biometry, University of Tübingen, Tübingen, - - 2014
The elimination of infectious diseases requires reducing transmission below a certain threshold. The Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) Elimination Initiative in Southeast Asia aims to reduce the annual VL incidence rate below 1 case per 10,000 inhabitants in endemic areas by 2015 via a combination of case management and vector control. Using ...
Li Yang Y Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to tumorigenesis by acting as either oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-145 in the pathogenesis of uveal melanoma. Expression profiles of miRNAs in uveal melanoma were performed using Agilent miRNA array. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to ...
Lei Mingsheng M Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Zhangjiajie City Hospital, Zhangjiajie, Hunan 427000, - - 2014
Tumor cells can reduce the number of dendritic cells (DCs) in the tumor environment and cause DC dysfunction through autocrine or paracrine pathways. We sought to measure cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in bombesin-inhibited DCs treated with theanine in vitro and to explore the protection and activation effects of theanine on DCs. ...
Carrieri Marco M Medical and Veterinary Entomology, Agriculture and Environment Center "G. Nicoli," Via Argini Nord 3351, 40014 Crevalcore (BO), - - 2014
The impact of weather variables on Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) population dynamics in the Po Valley, Northern Italy, a densely populated region containing the largest industrial and agricultural areas in Italy, was investigated. Monitoring of mosquitoes was carried out by using CO2-baited traps without light, collecting data weekly from ...
Danisman N N Department of High Risk Pregnancies, Zekai Tahir Burak Women's Health and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2014
The treatment of patients with peripartum hemorrhage is unfortunately characterized by inadequate treatment that does not adhere to standard therapeutic measures. Assessment of different management strategies among patients with severe hemorrhage, particularly the ones with "near-miss" maternal morbidity and mortality to establish clinically useful guidelines for the prevention and management ...
Peng Yanyan Y State Key Lab of Protein and Plant Gene Research, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, China; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Life Sciences, Peking University, Beijing, - - 2014
RIG-I like receptors (RLRs) recognize cytosolic viral RNA and initiate innate immunity; they increase the production of type I interferon (IFN) and the transcription of a series of antiviral genes to protect the host organism. Accurate regulation of the RLR pathway is important for avoiding tissue injury induced by excessive ...
Macdonald Megan M Exercise & Sport Science Program, Oregon State University, Corvallis, - - 2014
In addition to the core characteristics of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), motor skill deficits are present, persistent, and pervasive across age. Although motor skill deficits have been indicated in young children with autism, they have not been included in the primary discussion of early intervention content. One hundred fifty-nine young ...
Li Zhi Z Department of Interventional Radiology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, Jiangsu 215006, - - 2014
There are few comparative studies regarding kyphoplasty (KP) and vertebroplasty (VP) for the treatment of painful vertebral compression fractures (VCF) in patients with cancer. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively compare KP with VP in pain improvement, cement leakage incidence, and the cost of treatment of malignant VCF. ...
Yin W-Z WZ Department of Gastroenterology, the Second Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang, China. - - 2014
Increasing evidence indicates that MicroRNAs, a class of small RNA molecules, play crucial roles in tumorigenesis, through affecting cell proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-205 on gastric cancer cell proliferation. The expression of miR-205 was examined in the gastric cancer tissues and ...
Kausch Otto - - 2014
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has warned that patients being treated for smoking cessation with varenicline may develop depression. A case of successful treatment for depression with varenicline is described. The patient's depression recurred several times with inadvertent varenicline discontinuation, then remitted again after resuming varenicline. The literature supporting ...
Wei A C AC Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University Health Network, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON. ; Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, - - 2014
Surgery is a cornerstone of cancer treatment, but significant differences in the quality of surgery have been reported. Surgical process improvement tools (spits) modify the processes of care as a means to quality improvement (qi). We were interested in developing spits in the area of gastrointestinal (gi) cancer surgery. We ...
Walenda Thomas T Helmholtz Institute for Biomedical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University Medical School, Aachen, - - 2014
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are triggered by an aberrant hematopoietic stem cell (HSC). It is, however, unclear how this clone interferes with physiologic blood formation. In this study, we followed the hypothesis that the MDS clone impinges on feedback signals for self-renewal and differentiation and thereby suppresses normal hematopoiesis. Based on ...
Kager Liesbeth M LM Center for Experimental and Molecular Medicine, Academic Medical Center-University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Center for Infection and Immunity Amsterdam (CINIMA), Academic Medical Center-University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
During severe (pneumo)sepsis inflammatory and coagulation pathways become activated as part of the host immune response. Thrombomodulin (TM) is involved in a range of host defense mechanisms during infection and plays a pivotal role in activation of protein C (PC) into active protein C (APC). APC has both anticoagulant and ...
Lee Sang-Heon SH Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medical Science, Soonchunhyang University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The objective of this study was to determine users' satisfaction with assistive devices, and their serviceability and effectiveness. [Methods] A random sample of 138 users participated in this study. The Korean-Quebec User Evaluation of Satisfaction with Assistive Technology 2.0 and an additional questionnaire were used for data collection. Data ...
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