Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1962
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Chu Shuilian S Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100020, China; World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Tobacco and Health, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing 100020, China; Department of Respiratory Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, - - 2014
Nicotine is primarily rsponsible for the highly addictive properties of cigarettes. Similar to other substances, nicotine dependence is related to many important brain regions, particular in mesolimbic reward circuit. This study was to further reveal the alteration of brain function activity during resting state in chronic smokers by fractional amplitude ...
Wang Wenyan W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui 233004 , - - 2014
During the past decade, graft materials have been widespread used in the vagina in order to correct pelvic organ prolapse. The aim of this study was to describe and compare the exact anatomical position of the puncture devices and their relations to the relevant anatomical structures in the Prolift(TM) and ...
Lei Mingsheng M Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410008, China; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Zhangjiajie City Hospital, Zhangjiajie, Hunan 427000, - - 2014
Tumor cells can reduce the number of dendritic cells (DCs) in the tumor environment and cause DC dysfunction through autocrine or paracrine pathways. We sought to measure cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression in bombesin-inhibited DCs treated with theanine in vitro and to explore the protection and activation effects of theanine on DCs. ...
Xu Jianjiang J Department of Ophthalmology, Eye, Ear, Nose, and Throat Hospital, School of Shanghai Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, China. Email: - - 2014
This review aims to summarize the progress of current clinical studies in ocular angiogenesis treated with anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy and to discuss the benefits and challenges of the treatment. Pubmed, Embase and the Cochrane Library were searched with no limitations of language and year of publication. Clinical ...
Li Na N Department of Ophthalmology, Navy General Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100048, - - 2014
The aim of this review is to comprehensively and unbiasedly summarize the improvements in the techniques for classical corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) by covering the reasons for this improvement, measure, and effect to approach the future direction of the CXL. All articles used in this review were mainly retrieved from ...
Shao Lei L Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
This study aimed to review the available literature on vitreomacular traction (VMT) syndrome and propose the future study prospect in this field. The data used in this review were mainly obtained from articles listed in Medline and Pubmed (1970-2013). The search terms were "vitreomacular traction", "optical coherence tomography", "vitrectomy", and ...
Chiel Elad E Department of Biology and Environment, University of Haifa-Oranim, Tiv'on, - - 2014
Wolbachia is a common intracellular bacterial endosymbiont of insects, causing a variety of effects including reproductive manipulations such as cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). In this study, we characterized Wolbachia in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci and in the whitefly parasitoid Eretmocerus sp. nr. emiratus. We also tested for horizontal transmission of Wolbachia ...
Swezey Sean L SL Center for Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, University of California, 1156 High St., Santa Cruz, CA 95064, - - 2014
Alfalfa trap crops are currently used to manage Lygus spp. in organic strawberry fields on the California Central Coast. The retention of Lygus spp. in alfalfa creates aggregated distributions that provide improved opportunities for biological control by the introduced parasitoid Peristenus relictus (Ruthe). The abundance and distribution of P. relictus ...
Lightle D M DM Entomology Program, Oregon State University, 4017 Ag and Life Sciences Bldg., Corvallis, OR 97331, - - 2014
Amphorophora agathonica (Hottes) is the primary vector of aphid-transmitted viruses in red raspberry in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. To better understand the biology of the aphid, we estimated the lower developmental threshold and studied the seasonal activity of A. agathonica in commercial fields in northern Washington ...
Cheng Jia J Department of Entomology, School of Plant Protection, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, P.R. - - 2014
The brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) is a serious pest of rice crops in the temperate and tropical regions of Asia and Australia, and it is also a classic example of an insecticide-induced resurgent pest. Brown planthopper outbreaks have been reported to be closely associated with pesticide application. ...
Li Chao C Key laboratory of Entomology and Pest Control Engineering, College of Plant Protection, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, - - 2014
Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), is the most destructive pest of potato in many countries of the world. It first invaded China from Kazakhstan in 1990s and now is a major pest of potato in many areas of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (Xinjiang). The objective of this study was ...
El-Ageery S M SM Medical Microbiology and Immunology Department, Faculty  of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt; Medical Laboratories Technology Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
Acinetobacter resistant to carbapenems, is one of the most frequently isolated pathogens in the hospital settings and presents a challenge to the clinician. to detect metallo-β-lactamase in A. baumannii by E-test and VIM-1 genes by PCR. A four-month prospective study was done on Forty eight carbapenem resistant A. baumannii strains that ...
Yilmaz A A Clinic of Neurosurgery Bayburt, Bayburt State Hospital, II, Bayburt, Turkey. - - 2014
The concern about mobile phone effects is increasing as the number of users increasing too. Different studies have different results, so this topic is still open to discussion. Aim of this report was to investigate the effects of the mobile phones on the Bcl-2 gene and p53 proteins in rat ...
Lai S S Department of Clinical Medicine, Department of Nephrology, and Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology; Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) show a risk of cardiovascular death, which is 10-100 times higher than that in the general population. This increase is not completely explained by the traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Hyperuricemia and hyperhomocysteinemia are highly prevalent in CKD. Patients suffering from these complications present accelerated ...
Cheng Y Y Department of Urinary Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Luzhou Medical College in Sichuan Province, Luzhou, China. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to identify differentially expressed genes and analysis biological processes related to renal cell carcinoma. A meta-analysis was performed using the Rank Product package of Gene Expression Omnibus datasets of renal cell carcinoma. Then Gene Ontology enrichment analyses and pathway analysis were performed based on ...
Aller R R Institute of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Medicine School and Deparment of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital Clinico Universitario, University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain. - - 2014
Hyperaminotransferasemia is an important problem in obese patients. We decide to examine the changes in hyperaminotransferasemia after weight reduction in obese patients with and without NAFLD secondary to a high monounsaturated fat vs. a high polyunsaturated fat hypocaloric diets. A population of 306 obese patients was randomly allocated to two ...
Hassan A A University Diabetes Center, King Saud University, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the prevalence and etiology of erectile dysfunction in Saudi type 2 diabetic patients. 429 Saudi type 2 diabetic male patients aged more than 30 years were recruited. Total and bio-available serum testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin and free testosterone levels were measured by ELISA-IBL ...
Xu R R Department of Anesthesiology, Ninth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China. - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on myocardium in cardiac surgery and provide evidence for clinical anesthesia practice. Literature about the protective effect of sevoflurane anesthesia on myocardium in cardiac surgery published before March, 2012 was retrieved from the database of PubMed and EMBASE. The quality ...
Oran M M Department of Internal Medicine, Namik Kemal University, Faculty of Medicine, Tekirdag, Turkey. - - 2014
Skin tag (STs) are benign connective tissue tumors of the dermis. Some researchers have argued that there is a relationship between skin tag and colon polyps, although the physiopathological mechanisms underlying this relation were not well elucidated. In this study we aimed to investigate the co-existence of colonic adenomatous polyps ...
Rahmani N N Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran. - - 2014
Aloe vera is a medicinal plant that promotes wound healing in burn injuries. A prospective clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of a topical cream containing 0.5% Aloe vera juice powder in the treatment of chronic anal fissures. The aloe cream was applied by the patients to the ...
Tamburrelli F C FC Department of Orthopedic Science and Traumatology, Spine Surgery Division and Department of Surgical Sciences; Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, School of Medicine, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Cauda equina syndrome is a rare but highly impairing syndrome involving lower limbs as well as urinary, defecatory and sexual function. In the literature the most investigated sphincter dysfunction is the urinary. Bowel and sexual function are often overlooked since they become more relevant after the acute phase. Eight consecutive ...
Pandurangi Swapna - - 2014
The Dandy-Walker variant is a milder form of the Dandy-Walker complex and is characterized by normal-sized posterior fossa, mild vermian hypoplasia, and a cystic lesion that communicates with the fourth ventricle. This syndrome has been described in association with schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, manic episode, psychosis (delusional type), and recurrent catatonia. ...
Kausch Otto - - 2014
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has warned that patients being treated for smoking cessation with varenicline may develop depression. A case of successful treatment for depression with varenicline is described. The patient's depression recurred several times with inadvertent varenicline discontinuation, then remitted again after resuming varenicline. The literature supporting ...
Alam Abdulkader - - 2014
The authors report two unusual cases of Bickerstaff encephalitis that presented with encephalopathy and severe agitation. Management with neuroleptics typically used for management of delirium was not effective and worsened agitation. Valproic acid was effective in treatment of agitation and well tolerated.
Téot Luc L MD, PhD Head of Wound Healing Unit, Montpellier University - - 2014
New developments in wound management may either come from remarkable progress in science and enhanced understanding of the intimate pathophysiology of wounds, or from improvements in organisation of health care.
Azma R Z RZ Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC), Department of Pathology, Jalan Yaacob Latif, Bandar Tun Razak, 56000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. - - 2014
Alpha (Α) thalassaemia is the most common inherited disorder in Malaysia. The clinical severity is dependant on the number of Α genes involved. Full blood count (FBC) and haemoglobin (Hb) analysis using either gel electrophoresis, high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or capillary zone electrophoresis (CE) are unable to detect definitively ...
Howie Lajeana D - - 2014
Data from the National Health Interview Survey, 2011-2012 Seven and one-half percent of children aged 6-17 years used prescribed medication during the past 6 months for emotional or behavioral difficulties. A higher percentage of children insured by Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program used prescribed medication for emotional or ...
Balkissoon Rishi - - 2014
At the authors' institution, some joint arthroplasty surgeons require the operating room to be terminally cleaned before using the room after infected cases, in theory to decrease exposure to excessive microbial contamination for the subsequent patient. The authors found no guidance in the literature to support this practice. To test ...
Tat Lim Chin - - 2014
Data on the relationship between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are conflicting. Most studies report "snapshot" prevalences, and there are few studies evaluating localized knee bone mineral density (BMD) measurements with respect to subsequent osteoarthritis progression. The authors hypothesize that increased mediolateral difference of the proximal tibial BMD may predict progression of ...
Marrero Barrera Pablo A - - 2014
It has been reported that patients with hereditary multiple exostoses (called multiple osteochondromatosis by the World Health Organization) are at increased risk for malignant transformation of osteochondromas to secondary chondrosarcomas. A review of the literature found 14 cases showing transformation of osteochondromas into osteosarcomas; however, Ewing sarcoma has never been ...
Zaheer S S Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608. - - 2014
The importance of routine neck ultrasonography for the detection of unsuspected local or nodal recurrence of thyroid cancer following thyroidectomy (with or without neck dissection) is well documented in many journal articles and international guidelines. Herein, we present a pictorial summary of the sonographic features of benign and malignant central ...
Anagnostakos K K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of Saarland, Homburg/Saarland, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of the present retrospective study was to report on the effectiveness of the negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in the treatment of infected wounds after musculoskeletal tumour surgery. Method: A total of 12 patients (10 male, 2 female, mean age 44.9 years with 9 early and 3 ...
Agboola A O J AO Olabisi Onabanjo University, Department of Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology, Sagamu. - - 2014
Advances in breast cancer (BC) research have demonstrated differences between black and white women with regarding tumour behaviour, patient outcome and response to treatment which can be explained by underlying genetic changes. The tumour suppressor gene p53 has been speculated to be involved in tumour biology of triple negative and/or ...
Hanita O O Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Pathology, Kuala Lumpur Malaysia. - - 2014
Soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) and placental growth factor (PlGF) contribute in the development of preeclampsia and are suggested as prediction markers in healthy pregnant women but limited data is available in women with major preeclampsia risk factors. This study aimed to determine the role of sFlt-1 and PlGF in ...
Kamaluddin M R MR Universiti Sains Malaysia, School of Health Sciences, Forensic Sciences Programme, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia. - - 2014
Murder is the most notorious crime that violates religious, social and cultural norms. Examining the types and number of different killing methods that used are pivotal in a murder case. However, the psychological traits underlying specific and multiple killing methods are still understudied. The present study attempts to fill this ...
Kalogeraki A A University of Crete, Medical Faculty, Department of Pathology-Cytology, PO Box1393, Heraklion, 71110 Crete, Greece. - - 2014
Myoepithelial carcinomas exhibit a wide spectrum of cytomorphologic features and diverse clinical outcomes. As a result of their morphologic heterogeneity, they can be confused easily with many tumours. Herein we report the morphological features of myoepithelial carcinoma in a 74-year-old female clinically presenting with a parotid mass. FNAB revealed hypercellular, ...
Krishnan D D Kalgoorlie Regional Hospital, Western Australia, Australia. - - 2014
Ovarian fibrothecoma is a relatively new term that is used to describe an ovarian sex cord stromal tumour that has mixed features of both fibroma and thecoma. The prevalence of ovarian fibrothecoma tumours is very rare and is reported to be about 1.2% of all ovarian tumours. We report a ...
Mridha A R AR All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Department of Pathology, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi-110029, India. - - 2014
Epithelioid hemangioma (EH) is a rare benign vascular lesion of soft tissue and bone, characterized by endothelial cells with epithelioid or histiocytoid appearance. Though tubular bones, flat bones, vertebra and short bones are common sites for this lesion, the epiphyseal involvement is extremely rare. We present an unusual case of ...
Lindeque Bennie - - 2014
EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES As a result of reading this article, physicians should be able to: 1. Understand contemporary postoperative infection rates for primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). 2. Understand the epidemiology of bacterial species responsible for postoperative primary THA infections. 3. Review current interventions to decrease the primary THA infection rate. ...
Cheong K X KX Department of General Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore 308433. - - 2014
We aimed to report the outcomes of inguinal hernia repair performed at Tan Tock Seng Hospital and compare them with those performed at dedicated hernia centres. We retrospectively analysed the medical records and telephone interviews of 520 patients who underwent inguinal hernia repair in 2010. The majority of the patients ...
Tan M C MC Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who have cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as identify the determinants of HRQoL among this cohort of patients. This study was an analytical cross-sectional study involving 313 ...
Makarawate P - - 2014
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is a common genetic cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) due to polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. The current recommended therapy for high-risk BrS patients is the use of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). The present study aimed to report the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes ...
Bhatia R - - 2014
Clonidine is used with local anaesthetics to improve analgesia. However, the improvement conferred when clonidine is used together with ropivacaine is controversial. Thus, the present study aimed to evaluate the improvement in analgesia when clonidine is used together with ropivacaine for supraclavicular brachial plexus block. This was a prospective, randomised, ...
Winslow M R - - 2014
Salvia divinorum is a psychoactive botanical plant that is increasingly used for the 'legal' highs that it can produce. It is readily available for purchase on the Internet, and most abusers are unaware of the toxicity and abuse potential associated with its use. As the use of novel compounds among ...
Ansary A A Department of Neonatology, Royal Hospital for Sick Children (Yorkhill), Dalnair Street, Glasgow G3 8SJ, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Venlafaxine, a serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, is increasingly used in pregnant women with pre-existing depression who require continued treatment. However, its in uteroeffects on the developing fetus are not clear. Herein, we report the unusual presentation of venlafaxine withdrawal in a female preterm baby of 29 weeks gestation, who ...
Chan C Y CY Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608. - - 2014
An infective aetiology, including fungal infection, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of immunocompromised patients presenting with skin lesions. Dematiaceous fungi are recognised as pathogens in organ transplant recipients. Herein, we describe a rare case of a chronic necrotising granulomatous skin lesion caused by Pyrenochaeta romeroiin a renal transplant ...
Ong C - - 2014
Picky eating is a common cause of concern for parents of young children. Paediatricians and family physicians are in a key position to help parents learn ways to feed their children effectively. Despite the high prevalence of picky eating, the growth of the majority of picky eaters does not suffer ...
Chew C P CP Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169609. - - 2014
The fabella, a sesamoid bone sometimes found in the lateral head of the gastrocnemius muscle, often articulates directly with the lateral femoral condyle. This study aimed to determine the incidence of fabellae in an Asian population and to characterise the radiological features of the fabella. Electronic radiographs and magnetic resonance ...
Kotani K K Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke-City, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan. - - 2014
Oxidative stress, assessed using 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), can be associated with arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and/or hypertension (HT). We investigated the correlation between urinary 8-OHdG and pulse wave velocity (PWV) in hypertensive and non-hypertensive T2DM patients with fair glycaemic control to determine the clinical significance ...
Kunnoor N S NS Department of Pharmacology, St John's Medical College, Bangalore 560034, Karnataka, India. - - 2014
This study aimed to examine age- and gender-related differences in the comorbidities, drug utilisation and adverse drug reaction (ADR) patterns of patients admitted to a coronary care unit (CCU). The present study was a retrospective cohort study. Two trained physicians independently reviewed the case records of CCU patients over a ...
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