Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2001
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Gotardo Erica Martins Ferreira EM Érica Martins Ferreira Gotardo, Gilberto de Almeida Ribeiro, Thayane Rodrigues Leite Clemente, Camila Henrique Moscato, Renata Bortolin Guerra Tomé, Thalita Rocha, José Pedrazzoli Jr, Marcelo Lima Ribeiro, Alessandra Gambero, Clinical Pharmacology and Gastroenterology Unit, São Francisco University Medical School, Bragança Paulista, SP 12916-900, - - 2014
To investigate hepcidin expression, interleukin-6 (IL-6) production and iron levels in the rat colon in the presence of trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis. In rats, we evaluated the severity of colitis induced by repeated TNBS administration using macroscopic and microscopic scoring systems and myeloperoxidase activity measurements. The colonic levels of ...
Nishida Tsutomu T Tsutomu Nishida, Masahiko Tsujii, Hideki Iijima, Tetsuo Takehara, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of esomeprazole-based triple therapy compared with lansoprazole therapy as first-line eradication therapy for patients with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) in usual post-marketing use in Japan, where the clarithromycin (CAM) resistance rate is 30%. For this multicenter, randomized, open-label, non-inferiority trial, we recruited patients (≥ ...
Zhang Yi-Min YM Yi-Min Zhang, Yi-Da Yang, Hong-Yu Jia, Lin-Yan Zeng, Wei Yu, Ning Zhou, Lan-Juan Li, State Key Laboratory for Diagnosis and Treatment of Infectious Diseases, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
To investigate hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) levels in patients with HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and different immune conditions. HBeAg-positive CHB patients with different immune conditions were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. These patients were grouped according to the following criteria: immune-tolerant patients, IT group; patients with a mild ...
Zhu Qing-Qiang QQ Qing-Qiang Zhu, Wen-Rong Zhu, Jing-Tao Wu, Wen-Xin Chen, Shou-An Wang, Department of Medical Imaging, Subei People's Hospital, Medical School of Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225001, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
To characterize the clinical, radiological, endoscopic and pathological features of intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) and primary small intestinal lymphoma (PSIL). This was a retrospective study from February 2005 to October 2012 of patients with a diagnosis of ITB (n = 41) or PSIL (n = 37). All patients with ITB or ...
Lv Cheng-Yu CY Cheng-Yu Lv, Tao Zhou, Wei Chen, Xin-Dao Yin, Jian-Hong Yao, Yi-Fan Zhang, Department of General Surgery, Nanjing Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210006, Jiangsu Province, - - 2014
To study the relationship between the CX3CL1 chemokine, its receptor CX3CR1, and gastric carcinoma/gastric carcinoma perineural invasion (PNI). Thirty cases of gastric carcinoma were surgically resected (radical resection or palliative resection) between February 2012 and July 2012. Tumour and tumour-adjacent tissues were evaluated for the presence of CX3CL1 (ELISA) and ...
Zelber-Sagi Shira S Shira Zelber-Sagi, Assaf Buch, Hanny Yeshua, Nahum Vaisman, Muriel Webb, Naomi Fliss-Isakov, Elena Izkhakov, Zamir Halpern, Erwin Santo, Ran Oren, Oren Shibolet, Department of Gastroenterology, Tel Aviv Medical Center, 6423906 Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of resistance training (RT) on non alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD) patients. A randomized clinical trial enrolling NAFLD patients without secondary liver disease (e.g., without hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus or excessive alcohol consumption). Patients were randomly allocated either to RT, three times weekly, for 3 ...
Lotowska Joanna M JM Joanna M Lotowska, Department of General Pathomorphology, Medical University of Bialystok, 15269 Bialystok, - - 2014
To investigate the ultrastructure of abnormal hepatocyte mitochondria, including their cellular and hepatic zonal distribution, in bioptates in pediatric non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Ultrastructural investigations were conducted on biopsy liver specimens obtained from 10 children (6 boys and 4 girls) aged 2-14 years with previously clinicopathologically diagnosed NASH. The disease was ...
Eran Goldin G Goldin Eran, Mahamid Mahmud, Koslowsky Benjamin, Shteingart Shimon, Wengrower Dov, Digestive Diseases Institute, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Affiliated with the Hebrew University School of Medicine, Jerusaleml 91031, - - 2014
To investigate the nature and significance of unexpected positron emission tomography with fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET) uptake within the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Patients with unexpected FDG-PET findings in the GIT were evaluated. All patients had a previous confirmed malignancy, either solid or lymphoproliferative. The radiologic reports were performed by experienced radiologists with ...
Atallah L L Patient Care Solutions Group, Philips Research, High Tech Campus, Eindhoven, The - - 2014
The thin skin of preterm babies is easily damaged by adhesive electrodes, tapes, chest drains and needle-marks. The scars caused could be disfiguring or disabling to 10% of preterm newborns. Capacitive sensors present an attractive option for pervasively monitoring neonatal ECG, and can be embedded in a support system or ...
Jones Julie J Paediatric Endocrine Nurse, Royal Manchester Children’s - - 2014
Growth hormone treatment can take several years, which requires a high level of commitment from patients and families. Endocrine nurses need to build strong relationships with patients and their carers in order to prepare them and provide tailored, honest support.
Bierman Paul R PR Department of Geology and Rubenstein School of the Environment and Natural Resources, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT 05405, - - 2014
Continental ice sheets typically sculpt landscapes via erosion; under certain conditions, ancient landscapes can be preserved beneath ice and can survive extensive and repeated glaciation. We used concentrations of atmospherically produced cosmogenic beryllium-10, carbon, and nitrogen to show that ancient soil has been preserved in basal ice for millions of ...
Laing Peter P Advanced Paediatric Nurse Practitioner, Endocrinology, Alder Hey Children’s NHS Foundation - - 2014
One of the causes of growth failure is growth hormone deficiency. The outcome of growth hormone therapy to treat this depends on a number of multifaceted issues, including the child, the family and the choice of medication device. Providing support and promoting adherence-key nurse roles-are essential for success.
Cowan Tracy T Consultant Editor, Journal of Wound - - 2014
As a previous editor and current consultant editor of JWC, I still work closely with the journal, but rarely have the opportunity to write in it these days. I am therefore pleased to be returning to my old hunting ground of the editorial page.
Benbow Maureen M Senior Lecturer, Health and Social Care, University of - - 2014
Part 1 of the KTwo evidence review concerned the efficacy and reproducibility of the bandage system in the management of leg ulceration and lymphoedema. Here, in Part 2, the focus shifts to its tolerability and acceptability to both patients and clinicians. The evidence presented here ranges from a randomised controlled ...
Grubb M R MR Electrical Systems and Optics Research Division, Faculty of Engineering, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, - - 2014
Around 5%-10% of newborn babies require some form of resuscitation at birth and heart rate (HR) is the best guide of efficacy. We report the development and first trial of a device that continuously monitors neonatal HR, with a view to deployment in the delivery room to guide newborn resuscitation. ...
Hirons Faye F - - 2014
Here, teenager Faye Hirons describes her patient journey over 10 years on growth hormone therapy, the support she received from practitioners and family, and how monitoring her height motivated her to persevere with the treatment.
Moffatt Christine C Professor of Clinical Nursing Research, University of - - 2014
Over the past few decades, there has been a growing appreciation of the impact of leg ulceration on all aspects of a patient's life. Particular issues include uncontrolled pain, lack of sleep, odour, emotional problems and reduced mobility.
L Penny H H DPM, DABPM, FAPWHc, Blair Medical Associates Podiatry Department, Altoona, - - 2014
The treatment of complex wounds is difficult and not always effective. Various treatment options are used with varying degrees of success. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a cost-efficient and effective way to help treat these wounds. The use of a vacuum device applies the negative pressure to the site ...
Mehralian Hossein H Department of Medical Surgery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran. - - 2014
Quality of life (QOL) can be considered as a quality indicator of health care systems and nurses can play an important role to improve QOL in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of education provided by nurses on the QOL ...
Raadabadi Mehdi - - 2014
Due to rapid changes of technology and scientific advances in health systems and need for fast planning in health care, entrepreneurial spirit among employers and employees is a crucial element. According to the field of entrepreneurship research has not been solved and where learning and innovation for healthcare organizations due ...
Babbin Andrew R AR Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Guyot Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544, - - 2014
Biologically available nitrogen limits photosynthesis in much of the world ocean. Organic matter (OM) stoichiometry had been thought to control the balance between the two major nitrogen removal pathways-denitrification and anammox-but the expected proportion of 30% anammox derived from mean oceanic OM is rarely observed in the environment. With incubations ...
Baldauf Daniel D McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, 02139 MA, - - 2014
How we attend to objects and their features that cannot be separated by location is not understood. We presented two temporally and spatially overlapping streams of objects, faces versus houses, and used magnetoencephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging to separate neuronal responses to attended and unattended objects. Attention to faces ...
Petrillo Ezequiel E Laboratorio de Fisiología y Biología Molecular, Departamento de Fisiología, Biología Molecular y Celular, IFIBYNE-CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Universitaria, Pabellón 2, C1428EHA Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Light is a source of energy and also a regulator of plant physiological adaptations. We show here that light/dark conditions affect alternative splicing of a subset of Arabidopsis genes preferentially encoding proteins involved in RNA processing. The effect requires functional chloroplasts and is also observed in roots when the communication ...
Mazloomy Mahmoodabad Seyed Saeed SS Department of Health Sciences, School of Health, Yazd Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. - - 2014
Regarding the effect of teachers' stress on teaching and learning processes, the researchers decided to provide a stress management program based on Transactional Model to solve this teachers' problems. Thus, this study is going to investigate the effect of Transactional Model- based Teaching and the Ordinary Education Curriculum- based Teaching ...
Héroux Annie A Photon Sciences Directorate, Brookhaven National Laboratory, PO Box 5000, Upton, NY 11973-5000, - - 2014
Beamline X25 at the NSLS is one of the five beamlines dedicated to macromolecular crystallography operated by the Brookhaven National Laboratory Macromolecular Crystallography Research Resource group. This mini-gap insertion-device beamline has seen constant upgrades for the last seven years in order to achieve mini-beam capability down to 20 µm × 20 µm. ...
Fodje Michel M Canadian Light Source, 44 Innovation Boulevard, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada - - 2014
Beamline 08B1-1 is a recently commissioned bending-magnet beamline at the Canadian Light Source. The beamline is designed for automation and remote access. Together with the undulator-based beamline 08ID-1, they constitute the Canadian Macromolecular Crystallography Facility. This paper describes the design, specifications, hardware and software of beamline 08B1-1. A few scientific ...
Zhang Lin L European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 Rue Jules Horowitz, BP 220, 38043 Grenoble, - - 2014
The crystal lattice of single-crystal silicon gives rise to anisotropic elasticity. The stiffness and compliance coefficient matrix depend on crystal orientation and, consequently, Young's modulus, the shear modulus and Poisson's ratio as well. Computer codes (in Matlab and Python) have been developed to calculate these anisotropic elasticity parameters for a ...
Cornelius Iwan I Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong, New South Wales 2522, - - 2014
Microbeam radiation therapy (MRT) is a synchrotron-based radiotherapy modality that uses high-intensity beams of spatially fractionated radiation to treat tumours. The rapid evolution of MRT towards clinical trials demands accurate treatment planning systems (TPS), as well as independent tools for the verification of TPS calculated dose distributions in order to ...
Suzuki Motohiro M JASRI/SPring-8, 1-1-1 Kouto, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5198, - - 2014
A diamond phase retarder was applied to control the polarization states of a hard X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) in the photon energy range 5-20 keV. The horizontal polarization of the XFEL beam generated from the planar undulators of the SPring-8 Angstrom Compact Free-Electron Laser (SACLA) was converted into vertical or circular ...
Lepková Kateřina K Corrosion Centre for Education, Research and Technology, Department of Chemistry, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, WA 6845, - - 2014
Far-infrared spectroscopy, using a synchrotron source, has been used to study carbon steel corroded in CO2-saturated brine in the presence and absence of the corrosion inhibitor 2-mercaptopyrimidine (MPY), which allowed the steel surface roughness to be modified. The effect of the angle of incidence (θi, 30-80°) on the band intensity ...
Mabied Ahmed F AF X-ray Crystallography Laboratory, Solid State Department, Physics Division, National Research Center, El Buhouth (El-Tahrir) Street, Dokki, Giza 12622, - - 2014
Singular value decomposition (SVD) analysis has important applications for time-dependent crystallographic data, extracting significant information. Herein, a successful application of SVD analysis of time-resolved powder diffraction data over the course of an in-situ photodimerization reaction of anthracene derivatives is introduced. SVD revealed significant results in the case of 9-methylanthracene and ...
Jonah Emmanuel O EO NanoSciences Innovation Centre, Department of Physics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South - - 2014
A new small-angle scattering technique in reflection geometry is described which enables a topological study of rough surfaces. This is achieved by using long-wavelength soft X-rays which are scattered at wide angles but in the low-Q range normally associated with small-angle scattering. The use of nanometre-wavelength radiation restricts the penetration ...
Chiel Elad E Department of Biology and Environment, University of Haifa-Oranim, Tiv'on, - - 2014
Wolbachia is a common intracellular bacterial endosymbiont of insects, causing a variety of effects including reproductive manipulations such as cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). In this study, we characterized Wolbachia in the whitefly Bemisia tabaci and in the whitefly parasitoid Eretmocerus sp. nr. emiratus. We also tested for horizontal transmission of Wolbachia ...
Ding Hao - - 2014
Free vascularized fibular grafting (FVFG) is an effective method to treat corticosteroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Some patients continued to receive maintenance doses of corticosteroids to treat the primary disease postoperatively. This study was performed to evaluate outcomes of FVFG for corticosteroid-induced ONFH in patients who continued to ...
Bai Hao H Department of Computer Science, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United - - 2014
In the presence of oxygen (O2) the model bacterium Escherichia coli is able to conserve energy by aerobic respiration. Two major terminal oxidases are involved in this process - Cyo has a relatively low affinity for O2 but is able to pump protons and hence is energetically efficient; Cyd has ...
Brelsfoard Corey C Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America; Department of Natural Sciences, St. Catharine College, St. Catharine, Kentucky, United States of - - 2014
Tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) are the cyclical vectors of Trypanosoma spp., which are unicellular parasites responsible for multiple diseases, including nagana in livestock and sleeping sickness in humans in Africa. Glossina species, including Glossina morsitans morsitans (Gmm), for which the Whole Genome Sequence (WGS) is now available, have established symbiotic ...
Ohtsuki Keisuke K Rehabilitation Support Research institute: 223 Shikama-ku, Anasewatashiba, Himeji, Hyogo 672-8039, Japan ; Department of Rehabilitation, Kinoko Healthcare Facility for the Elderly, - - 2014
[Purpose] Elderly female patients with glenohumeral joint (GHJ) contracture, forced into prolonged immobility were examined. Range of motion exercises using humerus anatomical neck-shaft rotation were performed, and the immediate effect and adaptation were investigated. [Subjects and Methods] A total of ten individuals with a mean age of 79.4 ± 11.0 years ...
Nie Qing-Miao QM Department of Computational Science and Engineering, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan; Institute for Molecular Science, Okazaki, Japan; Department of Applied Physics, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, P. R. - - 2014
An important unresolved problem associated with actomyosin motors is the role of Brownian motion in the process of force generation. On the basis of structural observations of myosins and actins, the widely held lever-arm hypothesis has been proposed, in which proteins are assumed to show sequential structural changes among observed ...
Kim Seongho S Department of Physical Therapy, Shingu College, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of using spinal stabilizing exercise to reduce atrophy of the multifidus and psoas major muscles, reduce the levels of pain and disability, and increase paraspinal muscle strength in patients with degenerative disc disease (DDD). [Subjects and Methods] In 33 ...
Kotani K K Department of Clinical Laboratory Medicine, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke-City, Tochigi, 329-0498, Japan. - - 2014
Oxidative stress, assessed using 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), can be associated with arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and/or hypertension (HT). We investigated the correlation between urinary 8-OHdG and pulse wave velocity (PWV) in hypertensive and non-hypertensive T2DM patients with fair glycaemic control to determine the clinical significance ...
Iezzi R R Department of Bioimaging and Radiological Sciences, Institute of Radiology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, School of Medicine, Rome, Italy. - - 2014
Stent-graft migration is a late-term complication of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). A recent published study suggests that stent graft migration could be explained only by aortic neck elongation, mimicking the appearance of distal stent graft migration. Several studies about the use of dynamic CT Angiography (CTA) in the ...
Zelezniak Aleksej A European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Heidelberg, Germany; Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, - - 2014
One of the primary mechanisms through which a cell exerts control over its metabolic state is by modulating expression levels of its enzyme-coding genes. However, the changes at the level of enzyme expression allow only indirect control over metabolite levels, for two main reasons. First, at the level of individual ...
Cho Hyong-Ho HH Pediatric Neuroscience Research Program, Papé Family Pediatric Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, Portland, Oregon, United States of America; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, - - 2014
The establishment of correct neurotransmitter characteristics is an essential step of neuronal fate specification in CNS development. However, very little is known about how a battery of genes involved in the determination of a specific type of chemical-driven neurotransmission is coordinately regulated during vertebrate development. Here, we investigated the gene ...
Kunnoor N S NS Department of Pharmacology, St John's Medical College, Bangalore 560034, Karnataka, India. - - 2014
This study aimed to examine age- and gender-related differences in the comorbidities, drug utilisation and adverse drug reaction (ADR) patterns of patients admitted to a coronary care unit (CCU). The present study was a retrospective cohort study. Two trained physicians independently reviewed the case records of CCU patients over a ...
Wei Pingmin P Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, School of Public Health, Southeast University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210009, - - 2014
PB1-F2 protein has been proven to increase the pathogenicity of influenza A virus (IAV) strains in primary infection and in secondary bacterial infection. It can also regulate the activity of viral polymerase. However, it was shown in another retrospective study that a portion of IAVs do not express full-length PB1-F2 ...
Sánchez-Galván I R IR Centro Iberoamericano de la Biodiversidad CIBIO, Universidad de Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig s/n, 03690 Alicante, - - 2014
Tree hollows offer an ideal niche for saproxylic insects in mature Mediterranean forests, where Diptera and Coleoptera are the richest groups. Co-occurrence is frequently observed among many species of both groups in these microhabitats, and some of these species have been considered to facilitate the presence of other species by ...
Tat Lim Chin - - 2014
Data on the relationship between osteoporosis and osteoarthritis are conflicting. Most studies report "snapshot" prevalences, and there are few studies evaluating localized knee bone mineral density (BMD) measurements with respect to subsequent osteoarthritis progression. The authors hypothesize that increased mediolateral difference of the proximal tibial BMD may predict progression of ...
Farinella Matteo M Department of Neuroscience, Physiology and Pharmacology, University College London, London, United - - 2014
In vivo, cortical pyramidal cells are bombarded by asynchronous synaptic input arising from ongoing network activity. However, little is known about how such 'background' synaptic input interacts with nonlinear dendritic mechanisms. We have modified an existing model of a layer 5 (L5) pyramidal cell to explore how dendritic integration in ...
Zhu Yaobin Y Department of Pediatric Heart Center, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100029, - - 2014
Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been shown to be associated with systemic inflammatory response leading to postoperative organ dysfunction. Elucidating the underlying mechanisms and developing protective strategies for the pathophysiological consequences of CPB have been hampered due to the absence of a satisfactory recovery animal model. The purpose of this study ...
Yao N N Engineering Research Center of Bioreactor and Pharmaceutical Development, Ministry of Education, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun, China. - - 2014
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease characterized by excessive proliferation of keratinocytes. Fibroblast growth factor 10 (FGF10) acts as a growth factor for keratinocyte proliferation. The aim of this study is to investigate whether FGF10 blockage, a new monoclonal antibody against FGF10 we generated, could mitigate topical propranolol-induced psoriasis-like ...
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