Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2001
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Kiss N N Nutrition Department, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, - - 2014
Patients undergoing myeloablative conditioning regimens and autologous stem-cell transplantation (asct) are at high risk of malnutrition. This randomized study aimed to determine if early nutrition support (commenced when oral intake is less than 80% of estimated requirements) compared with usual care (commenced when oral intake is less than 50% of ...
Nana-Djeunga Hugues C HC Parasitology and Ecology Laboratory, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde 1, Yaounde, Cameroon; Centre for Research on Filariasis and other Tropical Diseases (CRFilMT), Yaounde, - - 2014
For two decades, onchocerciasis control has been based on mass treatment with ivermectin (IVM), repeated annually or six-monthly. This drug kills Onchocerca volvulus microfilariae (mf) present in the skin and the eyes (microfilaricidal effect) and prevents for 3-4 months the release of new mf by adult female worms (embryostatic effect). ...
Lee Hye Young HY Department of Physical Therapy, Graduate School of Rehabilitation Science, Daegu University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare differences in respiratory pressure and pulmonary function and the effectiveness of respiratory feedback training according to walking ability in children with cerebral palsy (CP). [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three children with spastic CP were enrolled in the final analysis and were divided ...
Fang Yuan Y Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Science, Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai 200031, - - 2014
The extent of our knowledge of the epidemiology of pediatric glaucoma in China is limited. To better characterize the epidemiology of pediatric glaucoma in eastern China, we report the clinical profile, etiologies, and treatment modalities in patients <18 years of age in Shanghai Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital. The ...
Shao Lei L Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University; Beijing Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Beijing 100730, - - 2014
This study aimed to review the available literature on vitreomacular traction (VMT) syndrome and propose the future study prospect in this field. The data used in this review were mainly obtained from articles listed in Medline and Pubmed (1970-2013). The search terms were "vitreomacular traction", "optical coherence tomography", "vitrectomy", and ...
Lu W W Institute of Respiratory Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, China. - - 2014
This study aimed to observe the influence of intermittent hypoxia on rat INS-1 cells and the protective effect of melatonin (MT). Intermittent hypoxia condition was induced in rat INS-1 cells. The supernatants were used to detect oxidative stress indicators, and the cells were used to detect JNK1 mRNA and JNK1/2 ...
C Kitchener Henry H Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
The ARTISTIC (A Randomised Trial In Screening To Improve Cytology) trial originally reported after two rounds of primary cervical screening with human papillomavirus (HPV). Extended follow-up of the randomised trial cohort through a third round could provide valuable insight into the duration of protection of a negative HPV test, which ...
Zangger Haroun H Department of Biochemistry, University of Lausanne, Epalinges, Vaud, - - 2014
Infection with Leishmania parasites causes mainly cutaneous lesions at the site of the sand fly bite. Inflammatory metastatic forms have been reported with Leishmania species such as L. braziliensis, guyanensis and aethiopica. Little is known about the factors underlying such exacerbated clinical presentations. Leishmania RNA virus (LRV) is mainly found ...
Hunt Raegan D RD Department of Dermatology and Pediatrics, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, - - 2014
A 10-year-old girl with a history suggestive of nickel allergy presented with pruritic, eczematous plaques on her posterior thighs. Patch testing revealed sensitivities to nickel, cobalt, and chromium. The pattern of her involvement suggested an "outside job," and subsequent investigations confirmed that the exposed metal fasteners on her school chair ...
Amiel S A - - 2014
‘To keep in equilibrium’, one of the Oxford English Dictionary’s many definitions of balance, is a desirable target for anylife, but has special meaning for the life of a person with diabetes. Achieving balance—between hypo- and hyperglycaemia; between energy intake and energy consumption; between insulin action and insulin secretion; between ...
Pourtaheri Sina - - 2014
Osteochondroma (or osteocartilaginous exostosis) is the most common bone tumor of childhood, with an incidence ranging from 1 to 1.4 per 1,000,000. In the lumbar spine, osteochondromata usually arise from the posterior column at the secondary ossification center and grow away from the spinal canal without causing neurologic deficits. This ...
Nestor Mark S MS Center for Cosmetic Enhancement, Aventura, Florida; ; Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and durability of treating axillary hyperhidrosis with high-intensity micro-focused ultrasound plus visualization. Two randomized double-blind, sham-controlled pilot studies. For Study 1, the primary endpoint was response defined as ≥50-percent reduction in baseline sweat production as measured gravimetrically. For Study 2, the primary endpoint was response ...
Guirro Rinaldo Roberto de Jesus RR Laboratory of Physiotherapeutic Resources, Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System, Laboratory of Physiotherapeutic Resources, Ribeirão Preto Medical School of University of the São Paulo, Brazil ; Post-Graduation Program in Rehabilitation and Functional Performance, Ribeirão Preto Medical School of the University of São Paulo, - - 2014
Although shortwave diathermy has been widely used by physiotherapists, there are a few studies assessing the performance of the equipment in use. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the procedures adopted by physiotherapists as users of shortwave diathermy continuous (CSWD), as well as to measure the power ...
Gangel Heike H Department of Physics, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
Competence for transformation is widespread among bacterial species. In the case of Gram-negative systems, a key step to transformation is the import of DNA across the outer membrane. Although multiple factors are known to affect DNA transport, little is known about the dynamics of DNA import. Here, we characterized the ...
Zaheer S S Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore 169608. - - 2014
The importance of routine neck ultrasonography for the detection of unsuspected local or nodal recurrence of thyroid cancer following thyroidectomy (with or without neck dissection) is well documented in many journal articles and international guidelines. Herein, we present a pictorial summary of the sonographic features of benign and malignant central ...
Cheng Jia J Department of Entomology, School of Plant Protection, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, P.R. - - 2014
The brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens (Stål) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) is a serious pest of rice crops in the temperate and tropical regions of Asia and Australia, and it is also a classic example of an insecticide-induced resurgent pest. Brown planthopper outbreaks have been reported to be closely associated with pesticide application. ...
Banka Trevor R - - 2014
This article presents a case of early intraprosthetic dislocation of a dual-mobility hip prosthesis after revision total hip arthroplasty for instability. A 70-year-old woman was revised to a dual-mobility cup for multiple hip dislocations. She dislocated the dual-mobility construct twice, which was closed reduced. Postreduction radiographs after the second closed ...
Heilig Yvonne Y Institute for Biology II - Molecular Plant Physiology, Albert-Ludwigs University Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2014
Nuclear DBF2p-related (NDR) kinases constitute a functionally conserved protein family of eukaryotic regulators that control cell division and polarity. In fungi, they function as effector kinases of the morphogenesis (MOR) and septation initiation (SIN) networks and are activated by pathway-specific germinal centre (GC) kinases. We characterized a third GC kinase, ...
Guirro Elaine Caldeira de Oliveira EC Department of Biomechanics, Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Locomotor Apparatus, Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, - - 2014
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to correlate the talocrural range of motion (ROM) and blood flow velocity in the lower limb arteries of diabetic women. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty women were divided into a control group (G1), consisting of 15 sedentary right-handed subjects (41.27 ± 7.24 years old) who ...
Roper Emily Ann EA Department of Health and Kinesiology, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, - - 2014
Employing a grounded theory approach, the purpose of this study was to qualitatively examine the influence of service-learning (SL) on undergraduate kinesiology students' attitudes toward and experiences working with P-12 students with disabilities. Fourteen (9 female, 5 male) kinesiology students enrolled in an adapted physical education class participated in one ...
Cingolani M Fernanda MF Pest Ecology and Biological Control Department, CEPAVE (CCT La Plata CONICET-UNLP), Calle 2 # 584, La Plata (B1902CHX), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Parasitoid's performance is subject to parasitism decisions influenced by host quality and parasitoid's age. We evaluated parasitism, emergence, and the progeny sex ratio proportions of Telenomus podisi (Ashmead), Trissolcus urichi (Crawford), and Trissolcus basalis (Wollaston) (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) females of different age attacking Piezodorus guildinii (Westwood) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), an important soybean ...
Anagnostakos K K Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital of Saarland, Homburg/Saarland, - - 2014
Objective: The aim of the present retrospective study was to report on the effectiveness of the negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in the treatment of infected wounds after musculoskeletal tumour surgery. Method: A total of 12 patients (10 male, 2 female, mean age 44.9 years with 9 early and 3 ...
Krishnan D D Kalgoorlie Regional Hospital, Western Australia, Australia. - - 2014
Ovarian fibrothecoma is a relatively new term that is used to describe an ovarian sex cord stromal tumour that has mixed features of both fibroma and thecoma. The prevalence of ovarian fibrothecoma tumours is very rare and is reported to be about 1.2% of all ovarian tumours. We report a ...
Sanford D D Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Western Ontario, London, ON. ; Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology, London Health Sciences Centre, University of Western Ontario, London, - - 2014
We used an interview-assisted survey of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (cml) at a single tertiary care centre to explore patient reactions to and preferences for, and the risk-acceptability of, stopping tyrosine kinase inhibitor (tki) treatment. The study included patients with confirmed cml currently being treated with a tki. The ...
Paradkar Prasad N PN CSIRO Animal, Food and Health Sciences, Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria, - - 2014
Despite their importance as vectors of human and livestock diseases, relatively little is known about innate antiviral immune pathways in mosquitoes and other insects. Previous work has shown that Culex Vago (CxVago), which is induced and secreted from West Nile virus (WNV)-infected mosquito cells, acts as a functional homolog of ...
Kim Yeonghun Y Human Centered CAD Laboratory, School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University, Republic of - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to present an individualized resistance training method to enable exercise while maintaining an exercise load that is set according to an individual's joint angle-torque using a haptic-based resistance training machine. [Methods] Five participants (machine group) performed individualized shoulder internal and external rotation training ...
Zhang Y Y Department of Pediatrics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, P.R. China. - - 2014
To investigate the effect of multimodality treatment of advanced paediatric hepatoblastoma and the factors affecting the prognosis. 35 childhood patients were treated with multimodality treatments consisting of chemotherapy, surgery, interventional therapy, and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. Patients were followed up every month. 33 patients completed the follow-up, of ...
Pandurangi Swapna - - 2014
The Dandy-Walker variant is a milder form of the Dandy-Walker complex and is characterized by normal-sized posterior fossa, mild vermian hypoplasia, and a cystic lesion that communicates with the fourth ventricle. This syndrome has been described in association with schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, manic episode, psychosis (delusional type), and recurrent catatonia. ...
Sulaiman N A NA Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Diagnostic and Applied Health Sciences, Forensic Science Program, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. - - 2014
Deaths due to blunt force trauma to the head as a result of assault are some of the most common cases encountered by the practicing forensic pathologist. Previous studies have shown inflicting injury to the head region is one of the most effective methods of murder. The important factors that ...
Cheifetz O O Hematology/Oncology Program, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, ON. ; School of Rehabilitation Sciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, - - 2014
Reliable and valid assessment of the disease burden across all forms of cancer is critical to the evaluation of treatment effectiveness and patient progress. The Edmonton Symptom Assessment System (esas) is used for routine evaluation of people attending for cancer care. In the present study, we used Rasch analysis to ...
Schmidt Thomas S B TS Institute for Molecular Life Sciences and Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, University of Zurich, Zürich, - - 2014
Operational Taxonomic Units (OTUs), usually defined as clusters of similar 16S/18S rRNA sequences, are the most widely used basic diversity units in large-scale characterizations of microbial communities. However, it remains unclear how well the various proposed OTU clustering algorithms approximate 'true' microbial taxa. Here, we explore the ecological consistency of ...
Turner Joseph D JD Centre for Immunology and Infection, Department of Biology, University of York, York, United - - 2014
Circulating monocyte sub-sets have recently emerged as mediators of divergent immune functions during infectious disease but their role in helminth infection has not been investigated. In this study we evaluated whether 'classical' (CD14brightCD16-), 'intermediate' (CD14brightCD16+), and 'non-classical' (CD14dimCD16+) monocyte sub-sets from peripheral blood mononuclear cells varied in both abundance and ...
Telleria Erich Loza EL Yale School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases, LEPH, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of - - 2014
The agents of sleeping sickness disease, Trypanosoma brucei complex parasites, are transmitted to mammalian hosts through the bite of an infected tsetse. Information on tsetse-trypanosome interactions in the salivary gland (SG) tissue, and on mammalian infective metacyclic (MC) parasites present in the SG, is sparse. We performed RNA-seq analyses from ...
Nakano Márcia Mariko MM Department of Physical Therapy, Communication Science and Disorders, Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, - - 2014
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to verify the decline in functionality of elderly people. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects comprised 152 individuals (96 women; 56 men) divided into 3 groups: G1 (60 to 69 years, n=53); G2 (70 to 79 years, n=65); and G3 (80 years or older, n=34). Physical ...
Barajas Daniel D Department of Plant Pathology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, United States of - - 2014
Assembling of the membrane-bound viral replicase complexes (VRCs) consisting of viral- and host-encoded proteins is a key step during the replication of positive-stranded RNA viruses in the infected cells. Previous genome-wide screens with Tomato bushy stunt tombusvirus (TBSV) in a yeast model host have revealed the involvement of eleven cellular ...
Tan M C MC Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia. - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of Malaysian patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who have cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as identify the determinants of HRQoL among this cohort of patients. This study was an analytical cross-sectional study involving 313 ...
Tillman P G PG Crop Protection and Management Research Laboratory, USDA-ARS, PO Box 748, Tifton, GA 31793, - - 2014
In peanut-cotton farmscapes in Georgia, the stink bugs Nezara viridula (L.) and Chinavia hilaris (Say) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) and the leaffooted bug, Leptoglossus phyllopus (L.) (Hemiptera: Coreidae), disperse at crop-to-crop interfaces to feed on bolls in cotton. The main objective of this study was to determine whether insecticide-free tropical milkweed (Asclepias ...
D O Halloran P P MRCS, FRCGP, The Gratton Surgery, Sutton Scotney, Winchester, - - 2014
Objective: To evaluate a novel aqueous oxygen peroxide (AOP) wound therapy (BioxyQuell) in a multi-centre, primary care-based, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group trial, monitoring long-term healing outcomes over 12 months. Method: Sixty-one patients with chronic, stable venous leg ulceration were treated with either AOP solution or sterile water placebo applied as ...
Jeon J J Healthcare Human Factors, University Health Network, Toronto, - - 2014
Computerized physician order entry (cpoe) systems allow for medical order management in a clinical setting. Use of a cpoe has been shown to significantly improve chemotherapy safety by reducing the number of prescribing errors. Usability of these systems has been identified as a critical factor in their successful adoption. However, ...
Wang Wenyan W Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230601, China; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, Bengbu, Anhui 233004 , - - 2014
During the past decade, graft materials have been widespread used in the vagina in order to correct pelvic organ prolapse. The aim of this study was to describe and compare the exact anatomical position of the puncture devices and their relations to the relevant anatomical structures in the Prolift(TM) and ...
Hassan A A University Diabetes Center, King Saud University, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the prevalence and etiology of erectile dysfunction in Saudi type 2 diabetic patients. 429 Saudi type 2 diabetic male patients aged more than 30 years were recruited. Total and bio-available serum testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin and free testosterone levels were measured by ELISA-IBL ...
Parihar A A Department of Pathology, Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya, Geeta Colony, Delhi, India. - - 2014
Neural fibrolipomatous hamartoma is a rare benign tumour commonly involving the median nerve. Other less frequently involved nerves include the ulnar, radial, brachial plexus, superficial peroneal nerve, inferior calcaneal nerve and median plantar nerve. Involvement of sural nerve has not been reported in the available literature so far. A three-year-old ...
Meissner A A Département de Radio-Oncologie, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, Hôpital Notre-Dame, Montreal, - - 2014
We set out to determine the rate, time-trend, and defining factors associated with publication of abstracts presented at two annual scientific meetings of the Canadian Association of Radiation Oncology (caro). All abstracts accepted for oral presentation in 2007 and 2010 were obtained from the caro program archives and searched using ...
Gollo Leonardo L LL Systems Neuroscience Group, QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
Zero-lag synchronization between distant cortical areas has been observed in a diversity of experimental data sets and between many different regions of the brain. Several computational mechanisms have been proposed to account for such isochronous synchronization in the presence of long conduction delays: Of these, the phenomenon of "dynamical relaying" ...
Abbasi Mohammad - - 2014
Although coronary artery bypass graft surgery has significant effects on reducing the symptoms of coronary artery disease, there is not enough knowledge and understanding of lived experience of patients after surgery. Understanding lived experience of this group of patients would be helpful for healthcare staff to provide better services to ...
Sheikhmoonesi Fatemeh F Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences research center, Mazandaran university of Medical Sciences. - - 2014
Self- discharged patients are at high risk for readmission and ultimately higher cost for care.We intended to find the proportion of patients who leave hospital against medical advice and explore some of their characteristics. This prospective study of discharge against medical advice was conducted in psychiatric wards of Zare hospital ...
Khan Muhammad Shahzeb MS Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan. - - 2014
The primary objective of the study was to find out the frequency of tobacco smoking among health care providers in tertiary care hospitals of Karachi. The secondary objective was to identify the common factors responsible for the continuation of smoking. This cross sectional study was conducted in the wards and ...
Balla Siham Ahmed SA University of Khartoum. - - 2014
Hypertension is emerging as an alarming public-health problem causes organ damage. To identify prevalence of hypertension and predictor factors among rural population in four states in Sudan. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in sixteen rural areas in Sudan during April 2012. A total of 3020 adult were interviewed ...
Abdolahian Somayeh - - 2014
There are a wide variety of non- pharmacologic pain relief techniques for labor which include pelvic movement, upright position, back massage and partner support during the first stage of labor. The effectiveness of dance labor- which is a combination of these techniques- has not been evaluated. This study aimed to ...
Annunziata Salvatore S Salvatore Annunziata, Carmelo Caldarella, Institute of Nuclear Medicine, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, 00168 Rome, - - 2014
To systematically review published data on the cost-effectiveness of Fluorine-18-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) or PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) in tumours other than lung cancer. A comprehensive literature search of studies published in PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus and Embase databases through the 10(th) of October in 2013 was carried out. A search algorithm ...
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