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Kong Xianglei - - 2014
This paper reviews the up-to-date research about the applications of graphene and its related materials in the field of mass spectrometry (MS). Due to its large surface area, delocalized pi-electrons, thermal conductivity, stability and rich interaction chemistry, graphene has been widely used in MS-based analytical chemistry. Graphene-based materials were applied ...
Majdalawieh Amin - - 2014
In the last decade, gold and silver nanomaterials have received considerable attention due to their attractive electronic and chemical properties and their potential applications in the development of new technologies. Recent advances in the study of various gold and silver nanomaterials have led to their utilization in a number of ...
Baji Avinash - - 2014
Inspired by the extreme wetting states displayed by the natural materials, various techniques have been widely investigated to fabricate superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic surfaces. Electrospinning has gained huge amount of interest as fibers with suitable combination of surface chemistry and surface roughness can be easily obtained. This study provides a comprehensive ...
Lee Meng Chuan - - 2014
Technological scaling of charge trap device has become significantly more challenging due to two major physical limits revealed by International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) 2011, i.e., (1) neighboring bit interference due to consistent shrinking in design floor space; (2) balancing act of ensuring sufficient number of electrons in shrinking ...
Tran Tuan Hiep - - 2014
The main aim of this study was to improve the oral bioavailability of raloxifene (RXF), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, by incorporation into solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN). RXF-loaded SLN was prepared by homogenization-sonication technique and characterized through physicochemical, pharmacokinetic, and cytotoxicity studies. The optimized SLN formulation exhibited a spherical shape ...
Cho Bomin - - 2014
Asymmetric porous silicon multilayer (APSM)-based optical biosensor was developed to specify human Immunoglobin G (Ig G). APSM chip was generated by an electrochemical etching of silicon wafer using an asymmetric electrode configuration in aqueous ethanolic HF solution and constituted with nine arrayed porous silicon multilayer. APSM prepared from anisotropic etching ...
Liu Hanxia - - 2014
A photocleavable nitrobenzyl ester group was introduced in the backbone of self-assembling peptides using standard Fmoc-peptide systhesis. The nitrobenzyl ester group could be used as a cleavable linker to connect a gelator and a hydrophilic group. Photo-irradiation would lead to the generation of the molecular gelator and the formation of ...
Wang Qi - - 2014
Pluronic-poly[alpha-(4-aminobutyl)-1-glycolic acid] (Pluronic-PAGA) with different types of Pluronic, the different molecule weight of PAGA, and the different molar ratios of Pluronic to PAGA were synthesized. These materials were bio-degradable, amphiphilic, could be degraded into non-toxic small molecules and could be used to carry drugs. 5-Fluorouracil (5-Fu) loaded Pluronic-PAGA micelle-like nanoparticles ...
Francis Arul Prakash - - 2014
We have optimized a protocol for the preparation of bisdemethoxy curcumin analog nanoparticles (BDMCA-NP) by the solvent assisted process. The structural similarities between bulk and nano BDMCA were determined by Co-TLC, NMR and F-TIR. This shows that our synthesis protocol enhanced the dispersibility and reduce the size of BDMCA without ...
Rajasekaran Marichamy - - 2014
Nanostructured phyto-drugs such as curcumin and quercetin were prepared by simple sonochemical method and studied for their bio-activities. FT-IR spectra indicate that the chemical structures of these nanostructured drugs are identical with their commercially available microcrystalline counterparts. Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) analysis reveals that the curcumin and quercetin, form as ...
Tang Yongjun - - 2014
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common opportunistic pathogen in clinics. The species-specific ecfX gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa has high specificity. In this experiment, we are intended to develop a new method for the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa based on magnetic enrichment and nested PCR, and the specific ecfX gene of Pseudomonas ...
Lubasova D - - 2014
High bacterial filtration efficiency (BFE) filters, based on nanofibers derived from blends of grain proteins and poly-ethylene-oxide (PEO), were produced by an electrospinning process. Specifically, polymer blends consisting of purified soy flour/PEO with a ratio of 7/3 were spun into nanofibers and characterized. A new laboratory based experimental apparatus for ...
Roy Swarup - - 2014
Binding interaction of biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles with bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been investigated by UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. UV-Vis analysis implies the formation of the ground state complex between BSA and silver nanoparticles. The analysis of fluorescence spectrum and fluorescence intensity indicates that silver nanoparticles (SNP) have ...
Ujihara Masaki - - 2014
Effect of structure and size of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) on fluorescence behavior of uranine was examined. Confeito-like AuNPs with different sizes (30 nm, 60 nm and 100 nm, respectively) had plasmon absorption bands at 555, 600 and 660 nm, while the band of spherical AuNP (20 nm in size) was ...
Clemente Z - - 2014
The triazine class of herbicides includes the compounds ametryn, atrazine, and simazine, which are used to control weeds in plantations of crops such as maize, sorghum, and sugar cane. Despite their acceptance in agriculture, these herbicides can be dangerous to the environment, depending on their toxicity, the degree of contamination, ...
Dhatshanamurthi P - - 2014
The different wt% of ZnS loaded TiO2 (ZnS-TiO2) catalysts were successfully synthesized by precipitation cum sol-gel method and used for degradation of phenol dye, Phenol red sodium salt (PRSS) under natural sun light. Highly efficient 10.7 wt% of ZnS-TiO2 was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), ...
Ma Kai-Guo - - 2014
Highly fluorescent CdTe quantum dots (QDs) with emission in red to near-infrared (NIR) wavelength were successfully prepared by using 3-mercaptobutyric acid (3MBA) as capping agent. The maximum of quantum yield (QY) could reach up to 82% for QDs with emission peak at 686 nm and FWHM of 66 nm at ...
Ranjithkumar V - - 2014
In this work, synthesis of activated carbon-Fe3O4 composites using activated carbon and iron benzoate/oxalate precursors by simple pyrolytic method and its utility for the removal of acid yellow dye from water are presented. Iron carboxylates held up into the pores of carbon dissociate at their decomposition temperatures form dispersed Fe3O4 ...
Yi Min - - 2014
Though the graphene-based films prepared by vacuum filtration of graphene dispersions can be well and easily prepared so far and show great prospects in conductive, transparent, and flexible devices and coatings, the nature of these films has been rarely investigated. In order to reveal how graphene flakes constitute these films, ...
Wang Yong - - 2014
Pr3+ doped mesoporous TiO2 photocatalysts with a different molar ratio of Pr to Ti were prepared by a hydrothermal method using triblock copolymer as the template. The as-prepared samples were systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption, X-ray photoelectron spectra, transmission electron microscopy and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The characterizations ...
Arora Leena - - 2014
In the present study, CdPbS composite has been synthesized in the P3HT matrix in a single step. The synthesis has been carried out at a temperature of 120 degrees C by the decomposition of xanthate compound in the polymer matrix. This synthesis method helps in proper distribution of nanoparticles in ...
Fiat Songül - - 2014
The aim of this work was to study the dependence of the optical, structural and morphological properties of CuIn0.7Ga0.3(Se(1-x)Te(x))2 (briefly CIGSeTe) thin films for two different stoichiometries (for x = 0.2 and 0.8). The films have been deposited onto soda lime glass (SLG) substrates by the e-beam evaporation technique. The ...
Li Fang-Chi - - 2014
Using poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) covalently bonded with carbon nanotubes (CNT) as an active layer in a bottom-gate/top contact, Au/(P3HT)/(bilayer dielectric)/Si OTFT device has resulted in an enhanced charge transport. The CNTs were firstly functionalized via ligand exchange with ferrocene, next lithiated by sec-butyllithium (s-BuLi) and then linked anionically with P3HT which ...
Kim Jong Min - - 2014
The morphology of the specific face growth of sodium chloride (NaCI) crystal on the mica surface was analyzed using atomic force microscope (AFM). The supersaturation of the NaCI was induced to lead to the crystal nucleation and growth by the addition of methylalcohol. The effects of methylalcohol concentration and mica ...
Liu Li - - 2014
A novel Fe3O4@ZnS nanomaterial with fluorescent and superparamagnetic properties has been successfully fabricated via TOPO-TOP synthesis with an additional coordinating component (OAm). The adsorption of OAm on the preformed magnetite nanoparticles, which were prepared in phenyl ether with oleic acid and oleyl amine, played an essential role in directing the ...
Kumar Deivasigamani Ranjith - - 2014
Iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles are prepared by nucleation method using oleylamine (OLA) as the capping agent. The OLA capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles (OLA-Fe3O4) are characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopic (HRTEM) analysis. The morphology of the OLA-Fe3O4 nanoparticles is found to ...
Jain K - - 2014
The present research work describes the formulation of arginine conjugated 3.0G Poly(propylene) imine (PPI) dendrimers, mimicking the surface structure of an endogenous angiogenesis-inhibitor endostatin; for tumor specific delivery of a model anticancer drug, doxorubicin hydrochloride (Dox). Synthesis of PPI dendrimers and conjugation of arginine to surface groups was confirmed by ...
Le D T T - - 2014
Zinc oxide nanowires are integrated onto carbon microfibers using a two-step approach which includes electrochemical deposition of zinc and its thermal oxidation. Such nano-on-micro hybrid architecture is then used as resistive gas sensor. Some properties like mechanical flexibility, low cost and large-area fabrication make this design appealing for different applications. ...
Park Na Rae - - 2014
The device performance of red organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) was dramatically improved by co-doping of the red fluorescent material of (2Z,2'Z)-3,3'-[4,4"-bis(dimethylamino)-1,1':4',1"-terphenyl-2',5'-diyl]-bis(2-phenylacrylonitrile) (ABCV-P) with the hole transport material of N'-bis-(1-naphyl)-N,N'-diphenyl-1,1 '-biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (NPB) and the electron transport material of bis(2-methyl-8-quninolinato)-4-phenylphenolate aluminum (BAlq). The device structures were ITO/NPB/emitting layers/BAlq/Liq/Al in which the emitting ...
Park Young-Kwon - - 2014
Mesoporous Y zeolite (Meso-Y) was applied, for the first time, to the catalytic pyrolysis of cellulose which is a major constituent of lignocellulosic biomass, to produce high-quality bio-oil. A representative mesoporous catalyst Al-MCM-41 was also used to compare its catalytic activity with that of Meso-Y. Pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was used ...
Ishihara Shinsuke - - 2014
A 1:3 molar complex of the fluoroalkyl side chain-substituted 2,6,10-tris-carboxymethoxy-3,7,11-tris(4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,7-nonafluoroheptyloxy)triphenylene (TPF4) with the second generation dendron 3,5-bis(3,4-bis-dodecyloxybenzyloxy)-N-pyridin-4-yl-benzamide (DN) assembled through complementary hydrogen bonding to form a supramolecular columnar liquid crystal, which exhibited homeotropic alignment when sandwiched between octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS)-coated or indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass plates due to specific interactions ...
Gafner Yu Ya - - 2014
The opportunity of transition metals nanoclusters' usage as a data bits in memory devices for the recording transition "order-disorder" has been analyzed. Therefore, with the help of the molecular dynamics method on the basis of TB-SMA potential the simulation of metal nanoparticles (D = 1.6-5.0 nm) crystallization processes have been ...
Niu Kaili - - 2014
An immunochromatographic test strip using gold nanoparticles-staphylococcus aureus monoclonal antibody conjugates was developed for the rapid and convenient detection of staphylococcus aureus based on a double-antibody sandwich format. The detection limit and the detection rate of this test strip is 10(3) CFU /mL and 98.7%, respectively. It could be used ...
Cheng C H - - 2014
Using stacked GeO/SrTiO resistive memory with high-work-function Ni electrode, forming-free switching, low sub-microW power and highly uniform current distributions (on-off ratio > 1000x) are realized. The Schottky barrier at Ni/GeO(x) interface and current compliance function can effectively stabilize electron hopping between oxygen vacancies to reach uniform voltage and current distributions ...
Min Kyung-Gu - - 2014
We have studied the characteristics of longitudinal-optical-phonon-plasmon coupled (LOPC) mode by using the ultrashort pulsed laser with 45 THz bandwidth as a function of thickness in InAs epilayers, ranging from 10 to 900 nm. We have observed the LOPC modes split into the upper (L(+) mode) and the lower (L(-) ...
Lee Sunwoo - - 2014
We investigate the dependence of charge carrier mobility by trap states at various interface regions through channel engineering. Prior to evaluation of interface trap density, the electrical performance in pentaene field effect transistors (FET) with high-k gate oxide are also investigated depending on four channel engineering. As a channel engineering, ...
Kim Joo Young - - 2014
Herein, 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-[p-(dimethylamino)styryl]-4H-pyran (DCM)-based dyes with electron donating groups were designed and their electronic and optical properties were investigated theoretically for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Among the dyes, the D1 and D2 dyes were composed of single electron donating group and the D3 and D4 dyes composed of dual donating group. ...
Kumar Brijesh - - 2014
We report the synthesis of high quality single crystalline ZnO nanowall networks (NNs) using ammonia solution etching of a ZnO nanowire-nanowall heterojunction (NNH) structure. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction revealed that the full-width-at-half-maximum of the ZnO (0002) peak in the ZnO NN sample was much narrower than that of the ZnO NNH ...
Kim Kyung-Ho - - 2014
We have investigated gate electric field controlled Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) constant (alpha) in In0.53Ga0.47As and InAs-inserted quantum well (QW) structures. More than three times larger gate controllability of a in the InAs-inserted QW has been observed compared to the In0.53Ga0.47As QW. The enhanced gate controllability of alpha directly results ...
Wang Chengcheng - - 2014
Fluorescent and magnetic bi-functional NaLuF4-based upconversion nanocrystals have been developed by a facile thermal decomposition method. The influences of Mn2+ and Gd3+ doping on the upconversion luminescent and magnetic properties of the nanocrystals were investigated. The results show that Mn2+ doping can promote the transition of green to red and ...
Yoo Hyojong - - 2014
Gold (Au) nanotoroids with ring-like structures and vacancies at their center are successfully synthesized through a seed-mediated method using nonionic Brij35 surfactant, which acted as a reducing, surface-stabilizing, and shape-directing agent. The relative amount of Au seed nanoparticles significantly affects the formation yield of Au nanotoroids and the morphologies of ...
Yang Xinchun - - 2014
The binary nano zero-valent iron/barium ferrite (NZVI/BFO) microfibers with uniform diameters and high porosity were prepared by the organic gel-thermal selective reduction process. The composite microfibers are fabricated from nano zero-valent iron and nano BaFe12O19 grains. The effects of pH, adsorbent dosage, and contact time on the adsorption of heavy ...
Rai B K - - 2014
Pure phase exchange-coupled nanocomposites of hard-soft magnetic oxides, (hard) SrFe10Al2O19(-) (soft) Ni0.75Zn0.25Fe2O4 were prepared via autocombution method. Magnetic properties of the nanocomposites were assessed as a function of soft-phase content in the nanocomposite. A 40% increase in M(s) value was observed for nanocomposite with 30 Wt.% of the soft phase. ...
Kim Jong Min - - 2014
ZnO-PEG-ZnO complex film was fabricated by forming ZnO thin film on the Polyethyleneglycol (PEG) thin film. ZnO thin films were formed by an electrostatic method and ZnO-PEG complex films were fabricated by adsorbing PEG on the ZnO thin films surface with hydrogen bond. The electrochemical characteristic of the ZnO-PEG-ZnO film ...
Park Hye Rim - - 2014
The series of new iridium complexes, Ir(C--N)2(LX), (main ligand, C--N = the anion of 2-phenylpyridine (ppy), 4-difluoro-2-phenylpyridine (F2-ppy) and 4-methyl-2,3-diphenylquinoline (4-Me-2,3-dpq); ancillary ligand, LX = 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzoxazolate (BOX) and 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzothiazolate (BTZ)) were prepared and their luminescence properties were investigated. We expected that the relative energy levels of the main ligands and ...
Kang Tae Yeon - - 2014
To fabricate the platinum (Pt) counter electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), rapid and low sintering process was carried out using nanosecond pulsed laser sintering (LS) method based on third harmonic (355 nm) of an Nd:YAG laser at room temperature. The surface morphology of LS-Pt on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) ...
Park Se Won - - 2014
New blue emitting ligand Iridium(III) complexes with two phosphines trans to each other and two ancillary ligands, such as Ir(dfpypy)(PPh3)2(H)(CI) and Ir(dfpypy)(PPh3)2(H)(CN), [dfpypy = 2,6-difluoro-3-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridine] were designed and studied to tune the phosphorescence wavelength to the deep blue region and to enhance the luminescence efficiencies. To gain insight into the ...
Prabu M - - 2014
Pulsed laser deposition method was employed to grow nanostructured Pb(Zr0.52Ti0.48)O3 (PZT) thin film on Si(100) substrate. The structural and morphological properties of the thin film were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) respectively. Optical properties of PZT thin film were studied using spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) and ...
Chen Kui - - 2014
Tumor-associated lymphatics and lymphangiogenesis have been shown to play important roles in promoting tumor growth and metastasis. However, the lymphatic system has received much less attention as a target of intervention in cancer treatment compared to the blood vascular system. In this study, we explored the feasibility of photothermal therapy ...
Hazra Purnima - - 2014
This paper reports the temperature dependent electrical parameters of p-Silicon nanowires (SiNWs)/n-ZnO thin film based core-shell heterojunction diodes fabricated by conformally deposited zinc oxide (ZnO) by atomic layer deposition (ALD) technique on metal-assisted chemically etched SiNWs. The temperature-dependent current-voltage characteristics of the device have been estimated using the modified thermionic ...
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