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Whitaker Kara K University of South Carolina, 921 Assembly Street, Suite 318, Columbia, SC, 29208, USA, - - 2014
Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) is a significant contributor to the development of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age. Stress may be a key mechanism making it more difficult for mothers to lose weight in the year following delivery. The aim of this study was to assess whether specific ...
Ruzza Chiara C Department of Medical Sciences, Section of Pharmacology and National Institute of Neuroscience, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, - - 2014
Peptide welding technology (PWT) is a novel chemical strategy that allows the synthesis of multibranched peptides with high yield, purity and reproducibility. Using this technique, we have synthesized and pharmacologically characterized the tetrabranched derivatives of the tachykinins, substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) and B (NKB). The following in vitro ...
Wang Qi - - 2014
Pluronic-poly[alpha-(4-aminobutyl)-1-glycolic acid] (Pluronic-PAGA) with different types of Pluronic, the different molecule weight of PAGA, and the different molar ratios of Pluronic to PAGA were synthesized. These materials were bio-degradable, amphiphilic, could be degraded into non-toxic small molecules and could be used to carry drugs. 5-Fluorouracil (5-Fu) loaded Pluronic-PAGA micelle-like nanoparticles ...
Kumar Deivasigamani Ranjith - - 2014
Iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles are prepared by nucleation method using oleylamine (OLA) as the capping agent. The OLA capped Fe3O4 nanoparticles (OLA-Fe3O4) are characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopic (HRTEM) analysis. The morphology of the OLA-Fe3O4 nanoparticles is found to ...
Kumar R Rakesh - - 2014
Self catalytic growth of Indium Oxide (In2O3) nanowires (NWs) have been grown by resistive thermal evaporation of Indium (In) in the presence of oxygen without use of any additional metal catalyst. Nanowires growth took place at low substrate temperature of 370-420 degrees C at an applied current of 180-200 A ...
Singh Rajni - - 2014
The development of antibiotics has played a significant role in combating the dreaded infectious disease such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, typhoid fever and meningitis in 20th century. However, the improper use of antibiotics led to the development of multidrug resistance (MDR) in microbial flora raising a global public health concern of ...
Wang Yong - - 2014
Pr3+ doped mesoporous TiO2 photocatalysts with a different molar ratio of Pr to Ti were prepared by a hydrothermal method using triblock copolymer as the template. The as-prepared samples were systematically characterized by X-ray diffraction, N2 adsorption-desorption, X-ray photoelectron spectra, transmission electron microscopy and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The characterizations ...
Johari Anima - - 2014
In present work, pure and copper (Cu) doped SnO2 nanowires have been synthesized by thermal evaporation process at ambient pressure. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) indicated the growth of wire-like pure and Cu-doped SnO2 nanostructures with their length of about 50 microm and 80 microm whereas ...
Hadia N M A - - 2014
Cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanowires with uniform diameter were prepared by the solvothermal method using ethylenediamine (en) as solvent. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scan electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was found that the products ...
Liu Hanxia - - 2014
A photocleavable nitrobenzyl ester group was introduced in the backbone of self-assembling peptides using standard Fmoc-peptide systhesis. The nitrobenzyl ester group could be used as a cleavable linker to connect a gelator and a hydrophilic group. Photo-irradiation would lead to the generation of the molecular gelator and the formation of ...
Gal Yeong-Soon - - 2014
A new ionic conjugated polymer was prepared by the activated polymerization of 2-ethynylpyridine with the ring-opening of 1,3-propanesultone without any additional initiator or catalyst. This polymer was characterized by various instrumental methods to have conjugated polymer backbone system with pendant N-propylsulfonate functional groups. The photoluminescence spectrum of polymer showed that ...
Park Na Rae - - 2014
The device performance of red organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) was dramatically improved by co-doping of the red fluorescent material of (2Z,2'Z)-3,3'-[4,4"-bis(dimethylamino)-1,1':4',1"-terphenyl-2',5'-diyl]-bis(2-phenylacrylonitrile) (ABCV-P) with the hole transport material of N'-bis-(1-naphyl)-N,N'-diphenyl-1,1 '-biphenyl-4,4'-diamine (NPB) and the electron transport material of bis(2-methyl-8-quninolinato)-4-phenylphenolate aluminum (BAlq). The device structures were ITO/NPB/emitting layers/BAlq/Liq/Al in which the emitting ...
Wang Chengcheng - - 2014
Fluorescent and magnetic bi-functional NaLuF4-based upconversion nanocrystals have been developed by a facile thermal decomposition method. The influences of Mn2+ and Gd3+ doping on the upconversion luminescent and magnetic properties of the nanocrystals were investigated. The results show that Mn2+ doping can promote the transition of green to red and ...
Yoo Hyun Ju - - 2014
In this study, a simple flow cytometry protocol to evaluate nanoparticle associated biological response was proposed. Particularly, we have evaluated the effect of surface charge on the cellular nanoparticle associations and nanoparticle-induced apoptosis. Significant enhancement in side scattering intensity was observed for the HeLa cells treated with positively charged (PLL)ZnO ...
Zhang Feifei - - 2014
A sol-gel technique has been developed to deposit various nanoparticles (NPs) on silica spheres. The silanization of the silica spheres using 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPS) with mercapto groups (-SH) plays an important role for the deposition. After being functionalized by MPS, the deposition of magnetic and noble metallic NPs was performed by ...
Cheng C H - - 2014
Using stacked GeO/SrTiO resistive memory with high-work-function Ni electrode, forming-free switching, low sub-microW power and highly uniform current distributions (on-off ratio > 1000x) are realized. The Schottky barrier at Ni/GeO(x) interface and current compliance function can effectively stabilize electron hopping between oxygen vacancies to reach uniform voltage and current distributions ...
Majdalawieh Amin - - 2014
In the last decade, gold and silver nanomaterials have received considerable attention due to their attractive electronic and chemical properties and their potential applications in the development of new technologies. Recent advances in the study of various gold and silver nanomaterials have led to their utilization in a number of ...
Fiat Songül - - 2014
The aim of this work was to study the dependence of the optical, structural and morphological properties of CuIn0.7Ga0.3(Se(1-x)Te(x))2 (briefly CIGSeTe) thin films for two different stoichiometries (for x = 0.2 and 0.8). The films have been deposited onto soda lime glass (SLG) substrates by the e-beam evaporation technique. The ...
Kim Jong Min - - 2014
ZnO-PEG-ZnO complex film was fabricated by forming ZnO thin film on the Polyethyleneglycol (PEG) thin film. ZnO thin films were formed by an electrostatic method and ZnO-PEG complex films were fabricated by adsorbing PEG on the ZnO thin films surface with hydrogen bond. The electrochemical characteristic of the ZnO-PEG-ZnO film ...
Lee Sang Heon - - 2014
The current-voltage characteristics and the mechanism of memorized magnetic effect of a BiSrCaCuO superconductor were studied to develop a superconductor device. An external magnetic field produced an out-put voltage across the superconducting sample which increased with increasing the applied magnetic flux. The out-put voltage was not completely disappeared after removal ...
Hu Fangyun - - 2014
The self-assembling behaviour of two kinds of 4-carboxyphenoxy phthalocyanines (Pc1 and Pc2) has been investigated by scanning tunneling microscope (STM). Pc1 and Pc2 are isomers with the same substituent at alpha- andbeta-position of the phthalocyanine core, respectively. Our STM results have shown that the Pc1 molecule fabricates into stable networks ...
Roy Swarup - - 2014
Binding interaction of biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles with bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been investigated by UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. UV-Vis analysis implies the formation of the ground state complex between BSA and silver nanoparticles. The analysis of fluorescence spectrum and fluorescence intensity indicates that silver nanoparticles (SNP) have ...
Cho Hyun Woo - - 2014
The effect of non-conductive nano-particles on the electrical percolating network formation and the electrical conductivity of conductive nano-particles in polymer matrices is investigated using Monte Carlo simulations and a percolation theory. Both conductive and non-conductive nano-particles are modeled as spheres but with different diameters. Non-conductive nano-particles are up to four ...
Irfan Muhammad - - 2014
We have investigated THz radiation characteristics along different directions, either reflective or along lateral by using InAs-based heterostructures. Firstly, we demonstrate the phase shift with InAs layer thickness, revealing the change of dominant THz wave generation mechanism along both directions. Along the lateral direction, the time-domain signals in thin InAs ...
Mondal A - - 2014
The Si nanowire (NW) network was fabricated on the Si substrate with the help of glancing angle synthesized Ag NPs assisted etching technique. The horizontal Si NWs network was characterized by field emission gun-scanning electron microscopy which shows the formation of long Si NWs of diameter within the range of ...
Chen Weifan - - 2014
SnO2:Eu3+ nanorods have been successfully synthesized by annealing products from microwave-induced KCl-assisted solution combustion reaction, which uses tin (IV) chloride pentahydrate and europium nitrate as cationic source, ethyl glycol as fuel and ammonium nitrate as combustion-supporting agent. The structural and photoluminescent properties of SnO2:Eu3+ nanorods were investigated by high-resolution transmission ...
Arora Leena - - 2014
In the present study, CdPbS composite has been synthesized in the P3HT matrix in a single step. The synthesis has been carried out at a temperature of 120 degrees C by the decomposition of xanthate compound in the polymer matrix. This synthesis method helps in proper distribution of nanoparticles in ...
Lee Geon Joon - - 2014
We studied the effect of plasma treatment on the structural and optical properties of ZnO nanostructures prepared by chemical bath deposition in an aqueous solution of Zn(NO3)2 and hexamethylenetetramine. The room-temperature photoluminescence (PL) spectrum of the as-grown ZnO nanostructures exhibited two emission bands due to exciton emission and defect emission. ...
Kim D M - - 2014
We have investigated the detailed features of photoluminescence (PL) in vertically aligned ZnO nanotube (NT) arrays as a function of temperature, pumping power, and experimental geometries. In samples with different wall thickness (15 or 60 nm), the temperature-dependent PL energy followed the Varshni's formula whose fitting parameters were found to ...
Lee H W - - 2014
Compared with other materials, zinc oxide (ZnO) exhibits stability in air, high-electron mobility, transparency and low light sensitivity. We investigated these properties in ZnO thin-film transistors (TFTs) containing a cross-linked poly(vinyl alcohol) (C-PVA) (1:3) buffer layer stacked between the semiconductor and gate dielectric. We measured the impact of this C-PVA ...
Cho Shinho - - 2014
Copper nitride (Cu3N) thin films were deposited at 300 degrees C on glass substrates by reactive magnetron sputtering method with changing various nitrogen flow rates. The results showed that the nitrogen flow rate has a significant effect on the properties of the Cu3N thin films. XRD data exhibited that two ...
Kim Beomjin - - 2014
New red dopant, DPPZ based on porphyrin moiety was synthesized. DPPZ showed UV-Vis and PL maximum values of 412 and 638 nm, indicating the large stokes shift. New blue host compound, TATa was also synthesized and used for co-mixed white emission. TATa exhibited UV-Vis. and PL maximum values of 403 ...
Kong Xianglei - - 2014
This paper reviews the up-to-date research about the applications of graphene and its related materials in the field of mass spectrometry (MS). Due to its large surface area, delocalized pi-electrons, thermal conductivity, stability and rich interaction chemistry, graphene has been widely used in MS-based analytical chemistry. Graphene-based materials were applied ...
Zhou Zhongnian - - 2014
Graphene (GR)-based nanocomposites with different mass ratios of NiO and GR are prepared via hydrothermal method using Ni(NO3)2 as the origin of nickel and urea as the hydrolysis-controlling agent. The morphology and electrochemical performance of the GR/NiO nanocomposites are closely associated with the mass ratios of GR to NiO. The ...
Niu Kaili - - 2014
An immunochromatographic test strip using gold nanoparticles-staphylococcus aureus monoclonal antibody conjugates was developed for the rapid and convenient detection of staphylococcus aureus based on a double-antibody sandwich format. The detection limit and the detection rate of this test strip is 10(3) CFU /mL and 98.7%, respectively. It could be used ...
Mohan P - - 2014
Pristine LiNiO2 and yttrium substituted LiY(x)Ni(1-x)O2 (0.00 < or = X < or = 0.20) cathode materials were synthesized by sol-gel technique using aqueous solutions of metal nitrates and tartaric acid as a chelating agent. Physical properties of synthesized materials were characterized by using X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD), Scanning electron ...
Kalita Hemjyoti - - 2014
Here, bio-based shape memory polymers have generated immense interest in recent times. Here, Bio-based hyperbranched polyurethane/triethanolamine functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (TEA-f-MWCNT) nanocomposites were prepared by in-situ pre-polymerization technique. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and the transmission electron microscopic studies showed the strong interfacial adhesion and the homogeneous distribution of TEA-f-MWCNT ...
Dou Zhi-Feng - - 2014
Uniform hexagram-shaped alpha-Fe2O3 microcrystals with tunable morphologies were fabricated by a facile hydrothermal method followed by annealing in air. The highly anisotropic hexagram-shaped alpha-Fe2O3 particles with the higher coercivity forces and remannent magnetizations showed weak ferromagnetic behaviors at room temperature and displayed the typical shape-dependent magnetic behaviors.
Yao Yuanyuan - - 2014
The current study involves in identification and molecular levels characterization of optimal size and concentration of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). Stable, gold nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). The concentration and size dependent effects of the gold nanoparticles on proliferation of pre-osteoblast ...
Chen Kui - - 2014
Tumor-associated lymphatics and lymphangiogenesis have been shown to play important roles in promoting tumor growth and metastasis. However, the lymphatic system has received much less attention as a target of intervention in cancer treatment compared to the blood vascular system. In this study, we explored the feasibility of photothermal therapy ...
SanMartin Agneta - - 2014
Although nanowires are widely used in biological applications, especially as cell-manipulation tools, the effect of nanowires on living cells has not been fully investigated. Here, we examined the full gene expression of mouse cortical stem cells cultured on vertical nanowire substrates using RNA microarrays. Genes involved in cell adhesion, cell ...
Xu Ke - - 2014
Metalorganic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) of nanostructured Er2O3 thin films was performed using the Er-tris-guanidinate precursor [Er(DPDMG)3] (DPDMG = diisopropyl-2-dimethylamidoguanidinato) as the Er source and oxygen. Film deposition was carried out on Si(100) and quartz glass substrates and the process parameters namely temperature, pressure and oxygen flow rate were varied. ...
Kim Kyung-Ho - - 2014
We have investigated gate electric field controlled Rashba spin-orbit coupling (SOC) constant (alpha) in In0.53Ga0.47As and InAs-inserted quantum well (QW) structures. More than three times larger gate controllability of a in the InAs-inserted QW has been observed compared to the In0.53Ga0.47As QW. The enhanced gate controllability of alpha directly results ...
Kim Chang Soo - - 2014
Palladium particles were simply synthesized using 1-hexyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([Hmim][PF6]). The morphology of the particles was significantly affected by the ionic liquid. Palladium was impregnated on a carbon powder for hexafluoropropylene hydrogenation catalysts. Catalytic activity was varied by the calcination temperature. Under the identical conditions, the catalyst prepared using the ionic ...
Tsytsarev Vassiliy - - 2014
Voltage-sensitive dye imaging (VSDi) enables visualization of information processing in different areas of the brain with reasonable spatial and temporal resolution. VSDi employs different chemical compounds to transduce neural activity directly into the changes in intrinsic optical signal. Physically, voltage-sensitive dyes (VSDs) are chemical probes that reside in the neural ...
Kahng Yung Ho - - 2014
We present our investigation results on the origin of the morphological defects on graphene films synthesized by chemical vapor deposition method on nickel catalytic substrates. These defects are small-base-area (SBA) peaks with tens of nanometer heights, and they diminish the applicability of graphene films. From atomic force microscopy observations on ...
Li Na - - 2014
Supercapacitors are successfully prepared from ordered mesoporous carbon (OMC) synthesized by employing the mesoporous silica, SBA-15 as template and furfuryl alcohol as carbon source. It is found that the carbonized temperature greatly influences the physical properties of the synthesized mesoporous carbon materials. The optimal carbonized temperature is measured to be ...
Mirzaei Sedigheh - - 2014
Different surface densities of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were deposited on (3-aminopropyl)-trimethoxysilane (APTMS)-modified indium tin oxide (ITO) electrode. The electrodes were then used in poly(3-hexylthiophene): phenyl-C61-butyric-acid-methylester (P3HT:PCBM) solar cells. Enhanced photo-conversion efficiency was observed from solar cells containing adsorbed AuNPs with surface density equals to 10 +/- 3 NPs/microm2. For higher ...
Hadia N M A - - 2014
Zinc nitrate hexahydrate, Zn(NO3)2 x 6H2O was used as a precursor with urea NH2CONH2 to prepare hydrozincite Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6 powder using hydrothermal method for 8 h at 90 degrees C. Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) were prepared by thermal annealing of hydrozincite powder at different annealing temperatures, i.e., 350, 550 750 ...
Ravindra A V - - 2014
Face-centered-cubic (fcc) and hexagonal-close-packed (hcp) phases of cobalt monoxide (CoO) nanostructures are prepared using thermolysis route at the same reaction temperature 296 degrees C with synthetic approach conditions. These nanostructures show mixture of nearly spherical and nanoflake morphologies. The structural phases of these nanostructures transform to spinel-Co3O4 by application of ...
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