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Results 351 - 400 of 3006
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Knutson Theodore R TR Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota, 207 Pleasant Street SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2014
Copper zinc tin sulfide (CZTS) thin films were deposited from homogeneous solutions of precursors and directly onto conductive films via selective thermolysis by microwave heating. Microwave energy is absorbed strongly by conductive films, which enables preferential heating to a sufficiently high temperature for the deposition of CZTS exclusively on the ...
Uenishi Takahiro T Department of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2014
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection plays an important role in the development of not only hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) but also intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The aim of this study was to identify the specific characteristics of HCV-related ICC. Of 90 patients who underwent curative resection for mass-forming ICC, 33 patients had ...
Gray D M DM Division of Gastroenterology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, - - 2014
Cameron lesions, as defined by erosions and ulcerations at the diaphragmatic hiatus, are found in the setting of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in patients with a hiatus hernia (HH). The study aim was to determine the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of Cameron lesions. We performed a retrospective cohort study evaluating consecutive ...
Saghafi Massoud M Rheumatic Diseases Research Center, Ghaem Hospital, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the joints that has a strong correlation with HLA-DRB1. Family history is considered a known risk factor for RA. The aims of this study were to compare the frequency of HLA-DRB1 alleles between patients with sporadic and familial RA and also ...
Fons Pierre P Sanofi Recherche and Développement, Toulouse, - - 2014
Tumor angiogenesis is also accompanied by vasculogenesis which is involved in the differentiation and mobilization of human bone marrow cells. In order to further characterize the role of vasculogenesis in the tumor growth process, the effects of FGF2 on the differentiation of human bone marrow AC133(+) cells (BM-AC133(+) ) into ...
Wen Shan-Yun SY Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, 600 Yisan Road, Shanghai, 200233, People's Republic of - - 2014
Endometrial cancer (EC) is one of the most common female malignancies. The patients with high-risk factors may have poor prognosis. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find a new molecule to more accurately predict survival of patients. Leucine-rich-alpha-2-glycoprotein1 (LRG1), one of leucine-rich repeat family, was closely associated with cancer ...
Ichikawa Tamaki T Department of Radiology, Tokai University School of Medicine, 143 Shimokasuya, Isehara, Kanagawa, 259-1193, Japan, - - 2014
Congenital inferior vena cava (IVC) anomalies are silent and detected incidentally on imaging. Double IVC is the most common IVC anomaly and is usually characterized by the presence of an IVC on each side of the abdominal aorta. In contrast, right double IVC, which is defined as two post-renal IVCs ...
Ma Hui - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of single incision for plating for the treatment of distal tibia and fibula fractures by a gross anatomic study. The anatomical structures of the anterolateral lower legs were identified. The lower leg length was measured from the top of fibular head to the ...
Seo Kang-Jin KJ Department of Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Sungkyunkwan University, 300 Cheoncheon-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, 440-746, South - - 2014
A family B DNA polymerase gene from the hyperthermophilic crenarchaeon Ignicoccus hospitalis KIN4/I was highly expressed under the control of T7lac promoter of pET-28ARG in Escherichia coli BL21-CodonPlus(DE3)-RIL cells. The produced I. hospitalis (Iho) DNA polymerase was purified by heat treatment followed by HisTrap™ HP column and HiTrap™ SP column ...
Stuck Rebecca A RA Division of Stroke Medicine, Colchester Hospital University Foundation NHS Trust, Colchester, - - 2014
Upper-limb (UL) recovery following stroke is often poor. UL rehabilitation therefore continues to be a major focus for occupational therapy. Published evidence for the effectiveness of SaeboFlex training in acute stroke rehabilitation is scarce. The purpose of this study is to explore the feasibility and patient experience of SaeboFlex training ...
Wei Junying J Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100700, - - 2014
Stable isotope dilution-selective reaction monitoring-mass spectrometry (SID-SRM-MS) has been widely used for the absolute quantitative analysis of proteins. However, when performing the large-scale absolute quantification of proteins from a more complex tissue sample, such as mouse liver, in addition to a high-throughput approach for the preparation and calibration of large ...
Orkin Chloe C Barts Health NHS Trust, London, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency in HIV infection has attracted much interest. The best known clinical outcomes of vitamin D deficiency are rickets (children) and osteomalacia (adults). Several non-skeletal disorders have also been linked to suboptimal vitamin D levels in the general population. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency varies widely (6-100%) ...
Fernández Roberto R Department of Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Barrio Sarriena s/n, 48940, Leioa, - - 2014
Human tumor xenografts in immunodeficient mice are a very popular model to study the development of cancer and to test new drug candidates. Among the parameters analyzed are the variations in the lipid composition, as they are good indicators of changes in the cellular metabolism. Here, we present a study ...
Tucker Carole A CA College of Health Professions and Social Work (CHPSW), Temple University, 3307 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19140, USA, - - 2014
The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS (®) ) is a US National Institutes of Health initiative that has produced self-reported item banks for physical, mental and social health. To describe the content of PROMIS at the item level using the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and ...
McCarrel Taralyn M TM Rood and Riddle Equine Hospital, Lexington, KY, - - 2014
The use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is expanding to numerous medical fields, including orthopedic surgery and sports medicine. The popularity of this new treatment option has prompted a rapid increase in research endeavors; however, the differences in application technique and the composition of PRP have made it difficult to compare ...
Wu Jing-Xiang JX Department of Anesthesiology, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, 241 West Huaihai Road, Shanghai, 200030, People's Republic of - - 2014
Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) after lung transplantation remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Lung IRI induces nitric oxide synthesis (iNOS) and reactive nitrogen species, decreasing nitric oxide bioavailability. We hypothesized that ischemia-induced iNOS intensifies with reperfusion and contributes to IRI-induced pulmonary arterial regulatory dysfunction, which may lead to early ...
Llewellyn C H CH Health Behavior Research Center, Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, UK; MRC Social, Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry Center, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, - - 2014
Evidence of increasing heritability of BMI over childhood can seem paradoxical given longer exposure to environmental influences. Genomic data were used to provide direct evidence of developmental increases in genetic influence. BMI standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS) at ages 4 and 10 were calculated for 2,556 twin pairs in the Twins ...
Atkins David C - - 2014
Behavioral interventions such as psychotherapy are leading, evidence-based practices for a variety of problems (e.g., substance abuse), but the evaluation of provider fidelity to behavioral interventions is limited by the need for human judgment. The current study evaluated the accuracy of statistical text classification in replicating human-based judgments of provider ...
Zhi-Bin Huang H Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University of Medical Sciences, Guangzhou, - - 2014
The objective was to investigate the effects of valsartan on the electrophysiological characteristics of left ventricular hypertrophic myocardium in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). A total of 24 10-week-old male SHR were divided into two groups: valsartan and non-valsartan groups (n=12 in each). Twelve 10-week-old Wistar-Kyoto rats were served as the ...
Senn C C Department of Osteoporosis, Inselspital, Berne University Hospital and University of Berne, CH-3010, Berne, - - 2014
Treatment effects over 2 years of teriparatide vs. ibandronate in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were compared using lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) and trabecular bone score (TBS). Teriparatide induced larger increases in BMD and TBS compared to ibandronate, suggesting a more pronounced effect on bone microarchitecture of the bone anabolic ...
Gao Zhao-Ming ZM Division of Life Science, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong, People's Republic of - - 2014
Abnormality and disease in sponges have been widely reported, yet how sponge-associated microbes respond correspondingly remains inconclusive. Here, individuals of the sponge Carteriospongia foliascens under abnormal status were collected from the Rabigh Bay along the Red Sea coast. Microbial communities in both healthy and abnormal sponge tissues and adjacent seawater ...
Cabrera Flávio C FC Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, UNESP, Departamento de Física, Química e Biologia, CP 467, CEP 19060-080, Presidente Prudente, SP, - - 2014
Natural rubber membranes were fabricated using latex from Hevea brasiliensis trees (clone RRIM 600) by casting, and controlling the time and temperature of thermal treatment. Three temperatures were used: 65, 80 and 120 °C and the corresponding annealing times of 6, 8, 10 and 12 h. The centrifugation of the latex produces ...
Kalfert David D Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) includes tumors of various anatomical sites sharing the common etiological factors. However some differences in pathogenesis and prognosis of HNSCC have been hitherto documented. Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is one the most common type of the head and neck cancer. The majority ...
Kwon Ji Young JY Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2014
To construct size charts for fetal biometry in the Korean population and to identify ethnic differences in fetal biometry. A prospective, cross-sectional study was performed with 986 fetuses between 15 to 40 weeks of gestation. The following biometric variables were measured: biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and ...
Zarin Taraneh T Department of Cell & Systems Biology, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto, ON, M5S 3B2, - - 2014
Enabled by comparative genomics, yeasts have increasingly developed into a powerful model system for molecular evolution. Here we survey several areas where yeast studies have made important contributions including regulatory evolution, gene duplication and divergence, evolution of gene order, and evolution of complexity. In each area we highlight key studies ...
Lince Sabrina L SL Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (791), Radboud University Medical Center, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The rs1800255, COL3A1 2209 G>A polymorphism in the alpha 1 chain of collagen type III has been associated with an increased risk of pelvic organ prolapse (POP). In one of our previous studies however, polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) misdiagnosed rs1800255, COL3A1 2209 G>A in 6 % of cases. The ...
Wong Chloe K S CK Centre of Influenza Research and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, - - 2014
Contemporary influenza B viruses are classified into two groups known as Yamagata and Victoria lineages. The co-circulation of two viral lineages in recent years urges for a robust and simple diagnostic test for detecting influenza B viruses and for lineage differentiation. In this study, a SYBR green-based asymmetric PCR assay ...
Petrucci Guido G Université Paris-Est, LEESU, UMR-MA 102-AgroParisTech, 6-8 avenue Blaise Pascal Cité Descartes, 77455, Champs-sur-Marne, France, - - 2014
The characterization and control of runoff pollution from nonpoint sources in urban areas are a major issue for the protection of aquatic environments. We propose a methodology to quantify the sources of pollutants in an urban catchment and to analyze the associated uncertainties. After describing the methodology, we illustrate it ...
Zhou Junjie J Orthopedic Surgery, PuTuo Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 164, LanXi Road, Shanghai, 200062, China, - - 2014
This study aimed to investigate whether inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) could promote chondrocytes proliferation. The expression pattern of GSK-3β was firstly determined by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in normal mouse. Tibias were then isolated and cultured for 6 days. The tibias were treated with dimethylsulfoxide (control) or GSK-3 inhibitor SB415286 (SB86). ...
Zhang Hongwei H Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Bei Yi Jie 2, Zhong Guan Cun, Beijing 100190, China. - - 2014
By pyrolyzing manganese(ii) acetate in 1-octadecene in the presence of oleylamine and oleic acid, manganese oxide nanocrystals were prepared. It was observed that both MnO and Mn3O4 nanocrystals were simultaneously formed by quickly heating the reaction mixture up to 250 °C, while a preheating procedure carried out at 100 °C ...
Boizot Alexia - - 2014
The BTB-KELCH protein Gigaxonin plays key roles in sustaining neuron survival and cytoskeleton architecture. Indeed, recessive mutations in the Gigaxonin-encoding gene cause Giant Axonal Neuropathy (GAN), a severe neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a wide disorganization of the Intermediate Filament network. Growing evidences suggest that GAN is a continuum with the ...
Wang Ziliang Z Cancer Institute, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, - - 2014
Emerging evidences show that interleukin-8 (IL-8) has important regulatory functions in tumorigenesis. IL-8 -251A/T is a single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region of the IL-8 gene and affects IL-8 production. Analysis of previous studies on the association of -251A/T polymorphism with different cancer types remained to be illustrated. To ...
Luke Amy - - 2014
Examination of patterns and intensity of physical activity (PA) across cultures where obesity prevalence varies widely provides insight into one aspect of the ongoing epidemiologic transition. The primary hypothesis being addressed is whether low levels of PA are associated with excess weight and adiposity. We recruited young adults from five ...
Zhang Hongxin H Tianjin Key Lab of Metal and Molecule-based Material Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China. - - 2014
In this work, TiO2(B) nanoparticle (NP)-functionalized WO3 nanorods (NRs) were synthesized by a two-step solution strategy, with a hydrothermal process for WO3 NRs and hydrolyzation of Ti(OBu)4 for the functionalization of TiO2(B) NPs. Various techniques, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron ...
Cavaignac Etienne E Institut de l'appareil locomoteur, CHU Rangueil, 1, Avenue Jean Poulhès TSA 50032, 31059, Toulouse Cedex 9, France, - - 2014
Total patellectomy is a radical procedure and is only used as a last resort. The functional results reported in the literature are contradictory. The purpose of this review of the literature is to evaluate the functional outcome that can be expected after total patellectomy. The systematic review was conducted in ...
Wu Ming-Ming MM Departments of Clinical Pharmacy and Cardiology, Institute of Clinical Pharmacy, the 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Key Laboratories of Education Ministry for Myocardial Ischemia Mechanism and Treatment, Harbin, 150086, P. R. - - 2014
The molecular identity of calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) in vascular endothelial cells remains unknown. This study aims to identify whether anoctamin 1 (ANO1, also known as TMEM16A) functions as CaCC and whether hypoxia alters biophysical properties of ANO1 in mouse cardiac vascular endothelial cells (CVECs). Western blot, quantitative real-time PCR, ...
Dykeman Sarah - - 2014
The Compassionate Care Benefit was implemented in Canada in 2004 to support employed informal caregivers, the majority of which we know are women given the gendered nature of caregiving. In order to examine how this policy might evolve over time, we examine the evolution of a similar employment insurance program, ...
Jones Derek R DR Department of Chemistry, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH, 45221-0172, - - 2014
The development of nanotechnology has been spearheaded by the development and discovery of new materials. The earliest materials theorized to be used in nanotechnology were fullerenes and nanotubes. Although fullerenes and nanotubes have a rich history in the area of nanotechnology, fullerene fragments, which share some the same properties as ...
Dahle Jessica T JT School of Agricultural, Forest and Environmental Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, 29634, - - 2014
Cerium (Ce)-based compounds, such as CeO2 nanoparticles (NPs), have received much attention in the last several years due to their popular applications in industrial and commercial uses. Understanding the impact of CeO2 NPs on nutrient cycles, a subchronic toxicity study of CeO2 NPs on soil-denitrification process was performed as a ...
Bonney Karl J KJ Institute of Organic Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, Landoltweg 1, 52056 Aachen, Germany. - - 2014
As the accuracy of computational chemistry increases, and the advent of more powerful computers decreases the amount of time required to perform complex calculations, the use of this to investigate chemical systems becomes increasingly attractive. Particularly in combination with practical lab-based experimental and spectroscopic studies the application of in silico ...
Monteiro Jacqueline Pontes JP Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Nutrition and Metabolism, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Prêto, SP, - - 2014
Micronutrient research typically focuses on analyzing the effects of single or a few nutrients on health by analyzing a limited number of biomarkers. The observational study described here analyzed micronutrients, plasma proteins, dietary intakes, and genotype using a systems approach. Participants attended a community-based summer day program for 6-14 year old ...
Wong Ho Ting HT Department of Social Work, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong, SAR, China, - - 2014
It is believed that extreme hot and cold weather has a negative impact on general health conditions. Much research focuses on mortality, but there is relatively little community health research. This study is aimed at identifying high-risk groups who are sensitive to extreme weather conditions, in particular, very hot and ...
Huang Wen W Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117576, Republic of Singapore. - - 2014
Molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) and tungsten diselenide (WSe2) are prototypical layered two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide materials, with each layer consisting of three atomic planes. We refer to each layer as a trilayer (TL). We study the thermoelectric properties of 1-4TL MoS2 and WSe2 using a ballistic transport approach based on the ...
West Robert R Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, - - 2014
We examined age-related differences in the spatiotemporal distribution of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) related to feedback processing in a virtual blackjack game. The behavioral data revealed that older adults were less risk seeking than younger adults both within and across trials. Age-related differences were observed in the amplitude of several ...
Garip Y Y Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Basak Medical Center, Istasyon Mah Ayas Cad no 60 Sincan, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
Osteomalacia is a metabolic bone disorder characterized by impaired mineralization of bone matrix. Symptoms of osteomalacia can be confused with other conditions such as spondyloarthropathy, polymyalgia rheumatica, polymyositis, and fibromyalgia. In this case, we report a patient with axial osteomalacia who developed low back pain, morning stiffness, and "grade 3 ...
Gao Jia J Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544, USA. - - 2014
In this study, we have elucidated the interactions between ozone and carbon nanotubes by monitoring the characteristics of field-effect transistors based on polymer-sorted, large-diameter semiconducting carbon nanotubes. The drain-source current of these transistors initially increases with ozone exposure and then it progressively decreases with increasing exposure beyond 3 min. This ...
Kim Sang Gyun SG Department of Internal Medicine and Liver Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
The Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research first developed guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in 1998, and revised guidelines were proposed in 2009 by the same group. Although the revised guidelines were based on a comprehensive review of published articles and ...
Maeda Ichiro I Department of Pathology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, 216-8511, Japan, - - 2014
Some reports suggest that the rate of definitive diagnosis of malignant tumors, namely, the final diagnosis being revised to a higher stage, in patients diagnosed as having flat epithelial atypia (FEA) by percutaneous needle biopsy of the breast (PNB) is as low as 0-3 %. However, other reports suggest that the ...
Lu Jimmy C JC University of Michigan Congenital Heart Center, C.S. Mott Children's Hospital, 1540 E. Hospital Drive, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-4204, USA, - - 2014
Left ventricular strain may be a more sensitive marker of left ventricular dysfunction than ejection fraction in pediatric cancer survivors after anthracycline therapy, but there is limited validation of strain measurement by feature tracking on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (MR) images. To compare left ventricular circumferential and radial strain by feature ...
Abdalla Safa S a Sudanese Public Health Consultancy Group , Solihull , United - - 2014
Recall bias is a well-documented limitation of population-based cross-sectional injury surveys. To fill some gaps in this area, we investigated the extent and nature of recall bias in Sudan Household Health Survey (SHHS 2010) injury data. The extent of incomplete recall was measured by comparing the total reported injuries over ...
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