Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 3006
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Siefring Mark L ML Stamford Skin and Medical Centre, Ho Chi Minh City, - - 2014
We report a 3-year-old girl from Vietnam with severe congenital cutis laxa; no cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurologic, or visceral involvement; and no family history of cutis laxa. Mutational analysis of the elastin gene identified heterozygosity for a previously unreported de novo c.2184delT mutation in exon 30 not present in either parent.
Anupindi Sudha A SA 1 Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to describe the indications and techniques for bowel ultrasound for inflammatory bowel disease and other common and uncommon entities and describe and illustrate their imaging appearances, including endoscopic or surgical correlation. CONCLUSION. Ultrasound is a useful tool for the evaluation of inflammatory bowel ...
Duran-Valdez Elizabeth E 1 University of New Mexico School of Medicine , Albuquerque, New - - 2014
Abstract Background: The masked continuous glucose monitoring system (Masked-CGMS) differs from standard CGMSs in three ways: (1) there is no feedback to the user so that no immediate regimen changes can be made; (2) it can only be worn for up to 5 days; and (3) there are no alarms ...
Leiderman Karin K Applied Mathematics Unit, School of Natural Sciences, University of California Merced, Merced, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the last decade numerous mathematical models have been formulated to investigate specific components of the clotting system such as the tissue factor pathway of coagulation. Sophisticated, multiscale models were developed to better understand the interplay of flow-mediated transport, platelet deposition, and coagulation kinetics, and their overall effect on thrombus ...
Hale Natalie N Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2014
Headaches are the most common constellation of neurologic disorders observed in clinical practice. This article discusses the clinical features of the most common headache subtypes and helps elucidate the more nuanced features of newly recognized and frequently misdiagnosed headache disorders. The physical examination, recommendations regarding imaging, treatment, and the differentiation ...
Simons-Morton Bruce G BG Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Secondary task engagement that distracts the driver is a contributing factor to motor vehicle crashes among adults. However, the association between eye glance duration and crash risk with novice teenage drivers has not been determined. Vehicles of 42 newly licensed teenage drivers were instrumented with cameras, accelerometers, Global Positioning System(s) ...
Babadi Behtash - - 2014
Nonparametric spectral estimation is a widely used technique in many applications ranging from radar and seismic data analysis to electroencephalography (EEG) and speech processing. Among the techniques that are used to estimate the spectral representation of a system based on finite observations, multitaper spectral estimation has many important optimality properties, ...
Gruber Andras A Oregon Health and Science University, 3303 SW Bond Avenue, CH13B, Portland, OR 97239, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The continued search for the ideal antithrombotic agent that would prevent or reduce thrombus growth inside blood vessels without an effect on the essential hemostatic functions of blood, including extraluminal thrombin generation and platelet activation, has been going in new directions in the past decade. These directions include studies suggesting ...
Klein Jared Wilson JW Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Avenue, Box 359780, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article discusses the diagnosis and basic medical management of common anal problems, including anal fissures, hemorrhoids, perirectal abscesses, anal fistulas, fecal incontinence, pruritis ani, and rectal prolapse.
Zhao Xi - - 2014
Asymmetric 3D to 2D face recognition has gained attention from the research community since the real-world application of 3D to 3D recognition is limited by the unavailability of inexpensive 3D data acquisition equipment. A 3D to 2D face recognition system explicitly relies on 3D facial data to account for uncontrolled ...
Parez N N Service de Pédiatrie, Hôpital Louis Mourier, Colombes, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rotavirus gastroenteritis is a vaccine-preventable disease that confers a high medical and economic burden in more developed countries and can be fatal in less developed countries. Two vaccines with high efficacy and good safety profiles were approved and made available in Europe in 2006. We present an overview of the ...
Koharchik Linda L Linda Koharchik is a clinical assistant professor and director of adjunct faculty and clinical affairs at Duquesne University School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA. Contact author: koharchikl@duq.edu. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
This article is the first in a new quarterly series on the roles of adjunct clinical faculty and preceptors, who teach nursing students to apply knowledge in clinical settings. Topics will include the preparation of clinical instructors and preceptors for these roles, the student evaluation process, and overcoming challenges that ...
Mahani Maryam Ghadimi MG 1 Department of Radiology, C. S. Mott Children's Hospital, 1540 E Hospital Dr, SPC 4252, Ann Arbor, MI - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to describe the characteristic cardiac MRI features of primary and secondary cardiac tumors, including differentiation from masslike lesions, such as thrombus or focal myocardial hypertrophy. CONCLUSION. The frequency and type of cardiac tumors in children differ from those in adults. Although transthoracic echocardiography ...
Funderburg Nicholas T NT School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Division of Medical Laboratory Science, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
HIV infected patients are at increased risk for venous and arterial thromboembolic events. Multiple markers related to inflammation (IL-6, TNFrI, C-reative protein) and coagulation (tissue factor expression, FVIII, thrombin, fibrinogen and D-dimer levels) are increased in HIV infection, and several are predictive of thrombotic risk and mortality in HIV disease. ...
Cobelli Claudio - - 2014
The glucose story begins with Claude Bernard's discovery of glycogen and milieu interieur, continued with Banting's and Best's discovery of insulin and with Rudolf Schoenheimer's paradigm of dynamic body constituents. Tracers and compartmental models allowed moving to the first quantitative pictures of the system and stimulated important developments in terms ...
Seo Jung Min JM 1 All authors: Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-dong Kangnam-ku, Seoul, Korea - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to retrospectively compare the accuracy of MRI and CT in characterizing lipid-poor adrenal adenomas with respect to lesion-attenuation values measured on unenhanced CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Fifty-two lipid-poor adrenal masses measuring greater than 10 HU on unenhanced CT were identified in 52 patients ...
Falk Emily B EB Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Electronic address: - - 2014
Social influence is prominent across the lifespan, but sensitivity to influence is especially high during adolescence and is often associated with increased risk taking. Such risk taking can have dire consequences. For example, in American adolescents, traffic-related crashes are leading causes of nonfatal injury and death. Neural measures may be ...
Nusman Charlotte M CM 1 Department of Radiology (G1-215), Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105AZ Amsterdam, The - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The aim of this study in clinically active juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) was to assess the frequency and distribution pattern of synovitis as hallmark of disease and additional soft-tissue and bony abnormalities on MRI in the knee and wrist as two target joints. MATERIALS AND METHODS. MRI datasets of ...
Park Seung-Min - - 2014
Integrated molecular diagnostic systems ( iMDx), which are automated, sensitive, specific, user-friendly, robust, rapid, easy-to-use, and portable, can revolutionize future medicine. This review will first focus on the components of sample extraction, preservation, and filtration necessary for all point-of-care devices to include for practical use. Subsequently, we will look for ...
El-Khateeb Ekramy A EA Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, - - 2014
Information on prevalences of pediatric dermatoses in Egypt is scanty. This study aimed to supplement existing data. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Damietta, Egypt between October 2011 and March 2012. It involved 6162 pupils randomly selected from 30 primary schools. The sample was equally divided (3081 pupils/15 schools) between ...
Monroe Dougald M DM University of North Carolina Division of Hematology/Oncology, Chapel Hill, NC, USA; Duke University Department of Pathology, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
New oral anticoagulants to reduce the incidence of thrombosis have recently become available. When compared to the existing therapy, warfarin, these novel agents have similar efficacy with a reduced risk of spontaneous bleeding. However, these novel agents have been associated with significant, even fatal, bleeding following trauma. Reversal agents are ...
Brummel-Ziedins Kathleen E KE University of Vermont, Department of Biochemistry, 208 South Park Drive, Colchester, Vermont 05446. Electronic address: - - 2014
Global assays and computational models have advanced research into the realm of individualized profiling of hemostatic states. This brief review will describe one computational approach which utilizes an integrated method that evaluates the dynamics of thrombin generation by defining interactions of the pro and anticoagulant proteins, enzymes and cofactors based ...
Wang Chu C 1 Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was threefold: to estimate the organ doses and effective doses (EDs) for seven neurovascular imaging protocols, to study the effect of beam collimation on ED, and to derive protocol-specific dose-area product (DAP)-to-ED conversion factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A cone-beam CT system was used to ...
Havaei Farinaz F Author Affiliations: PhD Candidate (Ms Havaei), Associate Professor (Drs Dahinten and MacPhee), School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of specific cognitions or aspects of psychological empowerment on 5 major aspects of leader empowering behaviors. Leader empowering behaviors are linked to important employee outcomes such as work effectiveness. Psychologically empowered leaders are known to use more empowering behaviors in ...
Sutton Eliza L EL Department of Medicine, University of Washington, 4245 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Box 354765, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Insomnia, as the term is used by patients and in primary care, is a symptom: dissatisfaction with the quality or quantity of sleep obtained, despite attempts. For acute insomnia, reversal of the trigger (if possible) and treatment with safe, effective sleep medication are advised. For chronic insomnia, as with other ...
Cha Dong Ik DI 1 All authors: Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-Dong, Kangnam-Ku, Seoul 135-710, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review the clinical and imaging features of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) developed in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS. At a single institution, pediatric patients who underwent imaging studies and who had pathologically proven FNH were studied. Clinical characteristics, including presenting symptoms and signs ...
Pryzdial Edward L G EL Canadian Blood Services, Centre for Innovation, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Centre for Blood Research, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Many virus types are covered by a lipid bilayer. This structure called an envelope, is derived from the host cell and includes host- and virus-encoded proteins. Because envelope components first interact with the host, it is the trigger for infection, immunity and pathology. The roles of especially host-derived constituents are ...
Sridhar Praveen P 1 Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to establish the correlation and reliability among the pathologic tumor volume and gradient and fixed threshold segmentations of (18)F-FDG PET metabolic tumor volume of human solid tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. There were 52 patients included in the study who had undergone baseline PET/CT ...
Essary Alison C AC Alison C. Essary is director of student affairs and an associate professor in the College of Health Solutions at Arizona State University in Phoenix. Bettie Coplan is a clinical associate professor in the PA program at Northern Arizona University in Phoenix. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
Women account for more than 70% of physician assistant (PA) students, 62% of practicing PAs, and 57% of faculty in PA programs. About half of all US medical students, 30% of actively practicing physicians, and 37% of faculty at academic medical centers are female. However, women in medicine are paid ...
Khandelwal Ashish A 1 Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare chronic relapsing steroid-responsive fibroinflammatory disorder of the pancreas that is likely caused by immune dysregulation. It is now thought that AIP consists of two distinct clinicopathologic syndromes currently designated as types 1 and 2. CONCLUSION. A current update on etiopathogenesis, pathology, and clinical ...
He Hongying H 1 Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 6431 Fannin St, MSB 2.130B, Houston, TX - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. This article reviews unusual distant metastatic patterns of infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) of the breast. CONCLUSION. ILC of the breast tends to spread to the gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary tract, peritoneum, retroperitoneum, and leptomeninges in addition to common visceral sites such as the liver, bone, and lung. Knowledge of these ...
Yuan Han - - 2014
Many studies over the past two decades have shown that people can use brain signals to convey their intent to a computer using brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). BCI systems extract specific features of brain activity and translate them into control signals that drive an output. Recently, a category of BCIs that ...
Shorten G P GP Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Dublin, Trinity College , College Green, Dublin , - - 2014
Abstract Dynamic time warping techniques have been used to characterize the timing variation of the constituent components of the human electrocardiogram (ECG). Lead II ECG recordings were obtained in 21 subjects, 10 male and 11 female aged between 13-65 years. The fiducial points in each cardiac cycle were identified in ...
Hong Sae Rom SR 1 All authors: Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, South - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to suggest CT features that help differentiate transient mucus secretion from airway tumors in the evaluation of soft-tissue nodular lesions confined within the airway lumen. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Forty-two patients with airway tumors (mean age, 57.6 ± 14.9 [SD] years) and 48 patients ...
Cohen Mitchell Jay MJ Department of Surgery San Francisco General Hospital, The University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Trauma remains the leading cause of death and morbidity worldwide and bleeding is the primary reason for this mortality. Over the past 11years there has been a paradigm shift in our understanding of coagulopathy after trauma. Specifically its incidence, biological drivers, clinical sequalie have been elucidated. From this understanding a ...
Vary Jay C JC Division of Dermatology, Department of Internal Medicine, The University of Washington, Box 354697, 4225 Roosevelt Way Northeast, 4th Floor, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This review discusses common dermatologic presentations as they would appear in a primary care office, exploring the differential diagnoses for each. Tips are provided on choosing an appropriate topical drug and vehicle and advising patients on its use. Etiology, differential diagnosis, and treatment options are discussed for the following: alopecias ...
Farmilo Karen K Karen Farmilo recently finished nursing school and currently works as a certified nursing assistant at John Muir Medical Center, Walnut Creek, CA. Contact author: karenfarmilo@sbcglobal.net. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
An underutilized strategy for staying sharp and engaged in the course of a shift.
Terasaki Genji G Division of General Internal Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Box 359780, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Chronic cough is a common and frustrating problem for patients and health care providers that can result in a range of physical and psychological complications including exhaustion, urinary incontinence, vomiting, depression, and social isolation. A step-wise empiric approach to treatment will increase the likelihood of a successful resolution of the ...
Pradhan Anuj K AK University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a higher likelihood of crashes and fatalities when an adolescent drives with peer passengers, especially for male drivers and male passengers. Simulated driving of male adolescent drivers with male peer passengers was studied to examine passenger influences on distraction and inattention. Male adolescents drove in a high-fidelity driving ...
Schmaier Alvin H AH Division of Hematology and Oncology, Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH 44106, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The plasma contact activation (CAS) and kallikrein/kinin (KKS) systems consist of 4 proteins: factor XII, prekallikrein, high molecular weight kininogen, and the bradykinin B2 receptor. Murine genetic deletion of factor XII (F12(-/-)), prekallikrein (Klkb1(-/-)), high molecular weight kininogen (Kgn1(-/-)) and the bradykinin B2 receptor (Bdkrb2(-/-)) yield animals protected from thrombosis. ...
Moore William A WA 1 Department of Radiology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX - - 2014
The purpose of this article is to review abdominopelvic applications of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), discuss advantages and limitations of DWI, and illustrate these with examples. High-quality abdominopelvic DWI can be performed routinely on current MRI systems and may offer added value in image interpretation. Particularly in unenhanced MRI examinations, DWI ...
Coupal Tyler M TM 1 Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of osteoid osteoma in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A retrospective case series over a 30-month period involved 10 consecutive adult patients (nine male and one female patients; mean age, 27.9 ...
Veta Mitko - - 2014
This paper presents an overview of methods that have been proposed for the analysis of breast cancer histopathology images. This research area has become particularly relevant with the advent of whole slide imaging (WSI) scanners, which can perform cost-effective and high-throughput histopathology slide digitization, and which aim at replacing the ...
Bingham C Raymond CR University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although public health efforts have made some progress in reducing risk of adolescent motor vehicle crashes over the last three decades, new technologies and evolving behavior patterns have focused attention on the risk of distracted driving. For many of the same reasons that alcohol-impaired driving represents a distinct risk for ...
Aleman Maria M MM Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States; McAllister Heart Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United - - 2014
Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, collectively termed venous thromboembolism (VTE), affect over 1million Americans each year. VTE is triggered by inflammation and blood stasis leading to the formation of thrombi rich in fibrin and red blood cells (RBCs). However, little is known about mechanisms regulating fibrin and RBC incorporation ...
Wong Christopher J CJ Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, 4245 Roosevelt Way Northeast, Box 354760, Seattle, WA 98105, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Involuntary weight loss, defined as 5% or greater weight loss occurring within 6 to 12 months, may have a prevalence as high as 7% in the adult population. In case series, malignant, gastrointestinal, and psychiatric conditions were common, although unidentified causes were still prevalent after evaluation. Patients without malignancy are more ...
Kopec Anna K AK Department of Pathobiology & Diagnostic Investigation, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI - - 2014
The liver is the primary source of a number of circulating coagulation factors, and acute liver injury and chronic liver disease are each associated with alterations in blood coagulation. Current views of the connection between liver injury and coagulation extend beyond the impact of liver disease on synthesis of coagulation ...
Ahn Kyung-Sik KS 1 Department of Radiology, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, 126-1, 5-Ga Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-705, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to investigate the clinical feasibility of ultrasound elastography for assessing patients with lateral epicondylosis and to establish an objective and quantitative method of elastographic measurement in the affected tendon. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. A total of 97 symptomatic and 89 asymptomatic common extensor tendons ...
Silvius-Byron Stephanie A SA Author Affiliations: Staff Nurse, Intermediate Care Unit (Mss Silvius-Byron, Florimonte, and Panganiban); Stroke Program Coordinator (Dr Ulmer), Munroe Regional Medical Center, Ocala, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare a highly structured planned rest protocol that includes visitor and healthcare personnel restrictions with a simple planned rest period that encourages patients to rest during a designated time without restriction of visitors and healthcare personnel. Many hospitals acute care have begun to ...
Paquette Roland R Roland Paquette practices emergency medicine at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Tex. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
Aspiration of a foreign body by an adult often is not diagnosed until a month or more after the event, because of a lack of presenting symptoms indicative of an aspiration and low reliability, sensitivity, and specificity of plain film radiographs. Instead, the foreign body aspiration typically is diagnosed during ...
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