Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 2998
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Etelvino Gisele Maia GM National Institute of Science and Technology in Nanobiopharmaceutics, Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antonio Carlos, 6627 - ICB - UFMG, 31270-901, Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
The renin-angiotensin system is an important component of the central and humoral mechanisms of blood pressure and hydro-electrolytic balance control. Angiotensin II is a key player of this system. Twenty-five years ago the first manuscripts describing the formation and actions of another peptide of the RAS, angiotensin-(1-7), were published. Since ...
Ghaffari Bijan D BD Department of Neurology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Academic Office 1, Mail Stop B-185 12631 East 17th Avenue, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA, - - 2014
At least 40 % of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) use one or more forms of alternative therapy (AT) to complement standard treatments. This article reviews the commonest forms of AT for PD, including acupuncture, tai chi, yoga, mindfulness, massage, herbal medicine, and cannabis. We discuss the current evidence for the ...
Charleston Larry L 4th Department of Neurology, Headache and Neuropathic Pain Clinic, University of Michigan, 1914 Taubman Center, 1500 E. Medical Center Dr. SPC 5316, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-5316, USA, - - 2014
The interplay between head pain caused by sinus disease and primary headaches is complex. Classification of secondary headaches, attributed to disorders of the nose or paranasal sinuses has been recently updated. New treatments including office- based procedures are emerging for patients with chronic sinusitis. This paper briefly reviews sinus disease ...
Davies Andrew N AN Consultant in Palliative Medicine, Royal Surrey County Hospital, Egerton Road,, Guildford, Surrey, GU2 7XX, UK, - - 2014
Breakthrough pain is a distinct pain state that is common in patients with cancer pain and which is associated with significant morbidity in this group of patients. The aim of this article is to highlight important journal articles relating to breakthrough pain that have been published within the last year, ...
Currie Gillian L GL Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Chancellor's Building, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK, - - 2014
Cancer pain is not a single entity but a complex pain state involving different pain syndromes, with inflammatory, neuropathic, compressive, and ischaemic mechanisms. Current therapeutic regimens are based largely on opioids, although opioid treatment can lead to many side effects. Studies using animal models of cancer pain are aimed at ...
Spears Roderick C RC Center for Headache Management, Crozer Chester Medical Center, 1 Medical Center Blvd., Upland, PA, 19013, USA, - - 2014
Low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure results in neurologic deficits, of which the most common manifestation is headache. Typically, the headache is postural - and specifically, orthostatic - in presentation. There are three hypotheses to explain the occurrence of headache associated with low CSF fluid. The first is traction on pain-sensitive ...
Diestelmeier B W - - 2014
For systematic laboratory studies of bone fractures in general and intra-articular fractures in particular, it is often necessary to control for injury severity. Quantitatively, a parameter of primary interest in that regard is the energy absorbed during the injury event. For this purpose, a novel technique has been developed to ...
Kanistras Ioannis I Immunology Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, Hellenic Pasteur Institute, Athens, - - 2014
Experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT) is commonly induced by thyroglobulin (Tg) or Tg peptides in mice genetically susceptible to thyroiditis. In the present study, we investigated the immunogenic and pathogenic potential of a novel 20mer human Tg peptide, p2208 (amino acids 2208-2227), in mouse strains classified as low (LR) or high ...
Hocker Sara S Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st St SW, Rochester, MN, 55902, USA, - - 2014
Status epilepticus is a medical emergency with a high mortality. Early recognition and initiation of treatment leads to a better response and may improve outcomes. Refractory status epilepticus is defined as recurrent seizure activity despite two appropriately selected and dosed antiepileptic drugs including a benzodiazepine. The term "super-refractory status epilepticus" ...
Kahn Kevin K Carolina Headache Institute, 103 Market St, Chapel Hill, NC, 27516, USA, - - 2014
"Do I have a tumor?" This is a question in every person's mind when first confronted with a new-onset headache, a question that causes considerable anxiety among patients, leading them to seek medical evaluation. This publication reviews the current literature with respect to the epidemiology, pathophysiology presentation, and treatment of ...
Kacperski Joanne J Division of Neurology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Ave - MLC 2015, Cincinnati, OH, 45229-3039, USA, - - 2014
While headaches in children are quite common, the study and characterization of headache disorders in the pediatric age group has historically been limited. In the absence of controlled studies on prophylactic treatment of the primary headache disorders in this age group, the diagnosis of childhood migraine rests on criteria similar ...
Narouze Samer S Summa Western Reserve Hospital, Cuyahoga Falls, OH, USA, - - 2014
Cervical sympathetic and stellate ganglion blocks (SGB) provide a valuable diagnostic and therapeutic benefit to sympathetically maintained pain syndromes in the head, neck, and upper extremity. With the ongoing efforts to improve the safety of the procedure, the techniques for SGB have evolved over time, from the use of the ...
Jia Guanghong G Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Population level data support that consumption of fructose and fructose-based sweeteners has dramatically increased and suggest that high dietary intake of fructose is an important factor in the development of the cardiorenal metabolic syndrome (CRS). The CRS is a constellation of cardiac, kidney and metabolic disorders including insulin resistance, obesity, ...
Freeman Jennifer J Alpert Medical School of Brown University; Bradley-Hasbro Children's Research Center, Providence, Rhode - - 2014
Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) has been established as efficacious for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) among older children and adolescents, yet its effect on young children has not been evaluated sufficiently. To examine the relative efficacy of family-based CBT (FB-CBT) involving exposure plus response prevention vs an FB relaxation treatment (FB-RT) control ...
Nováková Lucie L Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Charles University, Heyrovského 1203, Hradec Králové 500 05, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
This tutorial provides an overview of the possibilities, limitations and analytical conditions of modern analytical supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) using columns packed with sub-2μm particles. In particular, it gives a detailed overview of commercially available modern SFC instrumentation and the detectors that can be employed (UV, MS, ELSD, FID, etc.). ...
Di Natale Corrado C Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome Tor Vergata, via del Politecnico 1, Roma 00133, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The analysis of volatile compounds is an efficient method to appraise information about the chemical composition of liquids and solids. This principle is applied to several practical applications, such as food analysis where many important features (e.g. freshness) can be directly inferred from the analysis of volatile compounds. The same ...
Rosenberg Karen K Karen - - 2014
Odds of a respiratory infection in a family member increase after a well-child visit.
Potera Carol C Carol - - 2014
Offenders can be prosecuted in tribal courts beginning in March 2015.
Jacobson Joy J Joy - - 2014
A heroin epidemic spurs new laws as nurses work to prevent deaths.
Aromataris Edoardo E Edoardo Aromataris is the director of synthesis science at the Joanna Briggs Institute in the School of Translational Health Science, University of Adelaide, South Australia, where Dagmara Riitano is a research officer. Contact author: Edoardo Aromataris, ed.aromataris@adelaide.edu.au. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise. The Joanna Briggs Institute aims to inform health care decision making globally through the use of research evidence. It has developed innovative methods for appraising and synthesizing evidence; facilitating the transfer of evidence to health systems, health care professionals, and consumers; and creating tools to evaluate the impact of research on outcomes. For more on the institute's approach to weighing the evidence for practice, go to - - 2014
This article is the third in a new series on the systematic review from the Joanna Briggs Institute, an international collaborative supporting evidence-based practice in nursing, medicine, and allied health fields. The purpose of the series is to show nurses how to conduct a systematic review-one step at a time. ...
Stafford Amy A Amy Stafford is clinical nurse specialist in critical care and Amy Haverland is a critical care nurse educator, both at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle. Elizabeth Bridges is a clinical nurse researcher at the University of Washington Medical Center and an associate professor at the University of Washington School of Nursing in Seattle. Bridges also coordinates Critical Analysis, Critical Care: ebridges@u.washington.edu. The authors have disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
This is part of an ongoing series of columns from nurses at the University of Washington that will examine in depth the research related to critical care practices.
Koharchik Linda L Linda Koharchik is a clinical assistant professor and director of adjunct faculty and clinical affairs at Duquesne University School of Nursing, Pittsburgh, PA. Contact author: koharchikl@duq.edu. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
This article is the first in a new quarterly series on the roles of adjunct clinical faculty and preceptors, who teach nursing students to apply knowledge in clinical settings. Topics will include the preparation of clinical instructors and preceptors for these roles, the student evaluation process, and overcoming challenges that ...
Brous Edie E Edie Brous is a nurse and attorney in New York City and the coordinator of Legal Clinic: ediebrous@aol.com. The author has disclosed no potential conflicts of interest, financial or - - 2014
Did the nurse's improper delegation of a task lead to the patient's death?
Fiddler John B JB John B. Fiddler works as an NP on the Visiting Nurse Service of New York Haven Hospice Specialty Care Unit in New York City. Contact author: jbbfiddler@gmail.com. Reflections is coordinated by Madeleine Mysko, MA, RN: - - 2014
The author finds his ideal of nursing care in an inpatient hospice.
Anupindi Sudha A SA 1 Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, 34th St and Civic Center Blvd, Philadelphia, PA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to describe the indications and techniques for bowel ultrasound for inflammatory bowel disease and other common and uncommon entities and describe and illustrate their imaging appearances, including endoscopic or surgical correlation. CONCLUSION. Ultrasound is a useful tool for the evaluation of inflammatory bowel ...
Coleman Jamie L JL 1 Department of Radiological Sciences, MS 220, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Pl, Memphis, TN - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Little information is available regarding the safety of ultrasound contrast agents in children. The purpose of this article was to assess the safety profile of the IV administration of ultrasound contrast agents in the pediatric oncology population. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Patients with pediatric solid malignancies who were enrolled on ...
Cha Dong Ik DI 1 All authors: Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-Dong, Kangnam-Ku, Seoul 135-710, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to review the clinical and imaging features of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) developed in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS. At a single institution, pediatric patients who underwent imaging studies and who had pathologically proven FNH were studied. Clinical characteristics, including presenting symptoms and signs ...
Mahani Maryam Ghadimi MG 1 Department of Radiology, C. S. Mott Children's Hospital, 1540 E Hospital Dr, SPC 4252, Ann Arbor, MI - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to describe the characteristic cardiac MRI features of primary and secondary cardiac tumors, including differentiation from masslike lesions, such as thrombus or focal myocardial hypertrophy. CONCLUSION. The frequency and type of cardiac tumors in children differ from those in adults. Although transthoracic echocardiography ...
Hong Sae Rom SR 1 All authors: Department of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, South - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to suggest CT features that help differentiate transient mucus secretion from airway tumors in the evaluation of soft-tissue nodular lesions confined within the airway lumen. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Forty-two patients with airway tumors (mean age, 57.6 ± 14.9 [SD] years) and 48 patients ...
Khandelwal Ashish A 1 Department of Radiology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a rare chronic relapsing steroid-responsive fibroinflammatory disorder of the pancreas that is likely caused by immune dysregulation. It is now thought that AIP consists of two distinct clinicopathologic syndromes currently designated as types 1 and 2. CONCLUSION. A current update on etiopathogenesis, pathology, and clinical ...
Torigoe Teruyuki T 1 All authors: Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki, Okayama 701-0192, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to evaluate age-related changes in the secretory flow of pancreatic juice in the main pancreatic duct noninvasively by means of nonpharmacologic cine-dynamic MRCP using spatially selective inversion recovery (IR) pulse. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Fifty-three subjects without a history of pancreatic disease were included. ...
Sugita Reiji R 1 Department of Radiology, Sendai City Medical Center, 5-22-1, Tsurugaya, Miyagino-ku, Sendai, Miyagi 983-0824, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to prospectively assess whether direct visualization of pancreatic juice flow using an unenhanced MRI technique with spin labeling can aid in the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Ten healthy volunteers and 50 patients who were categorized as having no chronic pancreatitis ...
Takahashi Naoki N 1 Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to discuss MRI with spin labeling for diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis. CONCLUSION. Because of the unique functional information it can provide, MRI with spin labeling appears to be a useful adjunctive technique that can be added to routine anatomic imaging of the pancreas ...
Rosenkrantz Andrew B AB 1 Both authors: Department of Radiology, Center for Biomedical Imaging, 660 First Ave, 3rd Fl, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to evaluate factors associated with the likelihood that abdominopelvic MRI examinations performed for characterization of lesions identified on other imaging modalities will provide information that adds value to patient management. MATERIALS AND METHODS. One thousand one hundred thirty-two lesions in 863 patients undergoing ...
Seo Jung Min JM 1 All authors: Department of Radiology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, 50 Ilwon-dong Kangnam-ku, Seoul, Korea - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to retrospectively compare the accuracy of MRI and CT in characterizing lipid-poor adrenal adenomas with respect to lesion-attenuation values measured on unenhanced CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Fifty-two lipid-poor adrenal masses measuring greater than 10 HU on unenhanced CT were identified in 52 patients ...
Wang Hongjun - - 2014
Semi-supervised clustering aims to incorporate the known prior knowledge into the clustering algorithm. Pairwise constraints and constraint projections are two popular techniques in semi-supervised clustering. However, both of them only consider the given constraints and do not consider the neighbors around the data points constrained by the constraints. This paper ...
Zhao Xi - - 2014
Asymmetric 3D to 2D face recognition has gained attention from the research community since the real-world application of 3D to 3D recognition is limited by the unavailability of inexpensive 3D data acquisition equipment. A 3D to 2D face recognition system explicitly relies on 3D facial data to account for uncontrolled ...
Pradhan Anuj K AK University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is a higher likelihood of crashes and fatalities when an adolescent drives with peer passengers, especially for male drivers and male passengers. Simulated driving of male adolescent drivers with male peer passengers was studied to examine passenger influences on distraction and inattention. Male adolescents drove in a high-fidelity driving ...
Simons-Morton Bruce G BG Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Secondary task engagement that distracts the driver is a contributing factor to motor vehicle crashes among adults. However, the association between eye glance duration and crash risk with novice teenage drivers has not been determined. Vehicles of 42 newly licensed teenage drivers were instrumented with cameras, accelerometers, Global Positioning System(s) ...
Itatani Ryo R 1 Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 1-1-1, Honjo, Kumamoto, 860-8556, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of our study was to identify low-risk prostate cancer on the basis of the D'Amico clinical risk score in patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels 10 ng/mL or less who had undergone radical prostatectomy by comparing apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) with transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided target biopsy. MATERIALS ...
Gentili Amilcare A 1 Department of Radiology, San Diego VA Healthcare System, UCSD, 3350 La Jolla Village Dr, San Diego, CA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Cost accounting is the branch of managerial accounting that deals with the analysis of the costs of a product or service. This article reviews methods of classifying and allocating costs and relationships among costs, volume, and revenues. CONCLUSION. Radiology practices need to know the cost of a procedure or ...
Eisenberg Jonathan D JD 1 Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital Institute for Technology Assessment, 101 Merrimac St, 10th Fl, Boston, MA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to evaluate whether examination-specific radiation dose metrics reliably measure an institution's success in reducing cancer risks. MATERIALS AND METHODS. We projected health benefits from dose-reduction programs in a hypothetical institution that sought to decrease exposures from abdominopelvic CT. Using modeling techniques to project ...
Wang Chu C 1 Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was threefold: to estimate the organ doses and effective doses (EDs) for seven neurovascular imaging protocols, to study the effect of beam collimation on ED, and to derive protocol-specific dose-area product (DAP)-to-ED conversion factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A cone-beam CT system was used to ...
Ahn Kyung-Sik KS 1 Department of Radiology, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, 126-1, 5-Ga Anam-dong, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-705, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The objective of our study was to investigate the clinical feasibility of ultrasound elastography for assessing patients with lateral epicondylosis and to establish an objective and quantitative method of elastographic measurement in the affected tendon. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. A total of 97 symptomatic and 89 asymptomatic common extensor tendons ...
Dehkharghani Seena S 1 Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University Hospital, 1364 Clifton Rd NE, Atlanta, GA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Normal facial nerve enhancement patterns derived from spin-echo (SE) sequences have not been systematically compared on contrast-enhanced 3D inversion recovery-prepared fast spoiled gradient-echo (IR-FSPGR) sequences, now in widespread use. We hypothesize that features unique to IR-FSPGR may engender differences in the appearance of the normal facial nerve, which may ...
Sridhar Praveen P 1 Department of Radiology, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to establish the correlation and reliability among the pathologic tumor volume and gradient and fixed threshold segmentations of (18)F-FDG PET metabolic tumor volume of human solid tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS. There were 52 patients included in the study who had undergone baseline PET/CT ...
Chu Linda C LC 1 The Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 601 N Caroline St, Baltimore, MD - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Arterial dissection and aneurysm rupture are significant sources of morbidity and mortality in patients with connective tissue diseases. This article provides a detailed analysis of cardiovascular involvement in Marfan syndrome, Loeys-Dietz syndrome, and vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. CONCLUSION. Although these syndromes share some overlapping features, they have discriminating clinical and ...
Coupal Tyler M TM 1 Michael G. DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of CT-guided percutaneous cryoablation for the treatment of osteoid osteoma in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A retrospective case series over a 30-month period involved 10 consecutive adult patients (nine male and one female patients; mean age, 27.9 ...
He Hongying H 1 Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, 6431 Fannin St, MSB 2.130B, Houston, TX - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. This article reviews unusual distant metastatic patterns of infiltrating lobular carcinoma (ILC) of the breast. CONCLUSION. ILC of the breast tends to spread to the gastrointestinal tract, genitourinary tract, peritoneum, retroperitoneum, and leptomeninges in addition to common visceral sites such as the liver, bone, and lung. Knowledge of these ...
Defilippis Ersilia M EM 1 Both authors: New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center, 425 E 61st St, 9th Fl, New York, NY - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Accessory breast tissue, residual breast tissue persisting from embryologic development, is found in up to 6% of the population, most commonly in the axilla along the "milk line." CONCLUSION. Radiologists should be able to recognize the imaging appearance of this normal variant on multiple modalities, while at the same ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >