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Park Young-Kwon - - 2014
Mesoporous Y zeolite (Meso-Y) was applied, for the first time, to the catalytic pyrolysis of cellulose which is a major constituent of lignocellulosic biomass, to produce high-quality bio-oil. A representative mesoporous catalyst Al-MCM-41 was also used to compare its catalytic activity with that of Meso-Y. Pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry was used ...
Yoo Hyojong - - 2014
Gold (Au) nanotoroids with ring-like structures and vacancies at their center are successfully synthesized through a seed-mediated method using nonionic Brij35 surfactant, which acted as a reducing, surface-stabilizing, and shape-directing agent. The relative amount of Au seed nanoparticles significantly affects the formation yield of Au nanotoroids and the morphologies of ...
Palomino-Merino R - - 2014
PbS:Cu nanocrystalline films were prepared by chemical bath at temperature of 80 degrees C and deposited on glass substrates. Different Cu-doping levels were obtained changing the volume of the Cu-reagent-solution into the PbS growing solution. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and optical absorption (OA) measurements were carried out to characterize the semiconductor. ...
Lee Chang-Shin - - 2014
Four peptides, C1 (spanning the helical segment of human neuropeptide Y from residue 15 to residue 29), C2 (spanning the helical segment of 21 to 31), C3 (the C-terminal fragment of neuropeptide Y involving residues 20 to 36) and P34-C3 (replacement of the glutamine with proline in position 34 of ...
Lee Meng Chuan - - 2014
Technological scaling of charge trap device has become significantly more challenging due to two major physical limits revealed by International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) 2011, i.e., (1) neighboring bit interference due to consistent shrinking in design floor space; (2) balancing act of ensuring sufficient number of electrons in shrinking ...
Park Se Won - - 2014
New blue emitting ligand Iridium(III) complexes with two phosphines trans to each other and two ancillary ligands, such as Ir(dfpypy)(PPh3)2(H)(CI) and Ir(dfpypy)(PPh3)2(H)(CN), [dfpypy = 2,6-difluoro-3-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridine] were designed and studied to tune the phosphorescence wavelength to the deep blue region and to enhance the luminescence efficiencies. To gain insight into the ...
Yang Celina - - 2014
The applications of nanoparticles (NPs) for improved therapeutics are at the forefront of cancer nanotechnology. Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) have been extensively used due to their ability to act as both an anticancer drug carrier in chemotherapy and as a dose enhancer in radiotherapy. GNPs used in the studies were predominantly ...
Singh Ashutosh K - - 2014
Arrays of permalloy nanowires (NWs) were fabricated into the pores of self-engineered Anodic Aluminium Oxide (AAO) templates by a simple electrodeposition technique (EDT) with a diameter -200 nm. By varying the length of the nanowires from 1.5 to 7.5 microm, got corresponding changes in aspect ratio from 7.5 to 37.5. ...
Algarni H - - 2014
The effect of gallium ion concentrations (0.5 and 2%) on the morphologies, structural and optical properties of Ga-doped ZnO nanostructures are presented. Ga-doped ZnO nanostructures were synthesized on silicon substrates by simple thermal evaporation process using metallic zinc and Ga powders in the presence of oxygen. Interestingly, it was observed ...
Sun Qing - - 2014
Monolayers and Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films of pyridyldithio-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (pythio-MWNTs) conjugated with cytochrome c were investigated. Quartz crystal microbalance measurements revealed that monolayers of pythio-MWNTs could be deposited on the substrate surface with a surface density of about 270 ng/cm2. The as-prepared LB films of pythio-MWNTs could act as ...
Kim Ji-Hoon - - 2014
Low band gap organic semiconducting polymers were prepared as p-type donors for organic photovoltaic devices. A novel dibrominated monomer composed of phenothiazine, thiophene, and benzothiadiazole (DPDTBT) was synthesized as a low band gap core block. DPDTBT was copolymerized with three different boronic esters of dithiophene, fluorene, and phenothiazine by the ...
Kim Yeong-Joon - - 2014
A new synthetic route for decorating carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with silver nanoparticles by proton beam irradiation at room temperature is presented. Pristine- and surface-modified MWCNTs were comparatively utilized for the preparation of MWCNT-Ag-nanoparticles nanohybrid. Silver nanoparticles on the surfaces of MWCNTs were produced in situ without any additional reducing reagents, ...
Kim Joo Young - - 2014
Herein, 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-methyl-6-[p-(dimethylamino)styryl]-4H-pyran (DCM)-based dyes with electron donating groups were designed and their electronic and optical properties were investigated theoretically for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Among the dyes, the D1 and D2 dyes were composed of single electron donating group and the D3 and D4 dyes composed of dual donating group. ...
Song Myungkwan - - 2014
A novel main ligand 2-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)-5-trifluoromethylpyridine (MeO2CF3ppy) and its complex bis[2-(2,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-5-trifluoromethyl pyridinato-N,C2]iridium acetylacetonate (MeO2CF3ppy)2Ir(acac) was synthesized. 2,4-Dimethoxy and 5-trifluoromethyl group were incorporated into main ligand to tune luminescence color. The phosphorescence organic light-emitting diodes (PhOLEDs) based on this complex with the configuration of ITO/PEDOT:PSS (40 nm)/PVK:CBP:Ir(III) complex (50 nm)/BCP (20 nm)/LiF ...
Rajasekaran Marichamy - - 2014
Nanostructured phyto-drugs such as curcumin and quercetin were prepared by simple sonochemical method and studied for their bio-activities. FT-IR spectra indicate that the chemical structures of these nanostructured drugs are identical with their commercially available microcrystalline counterparts. Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM) analysis reveals that the curcumin and quercetin, form as ...
Wang Youde - - 2014
A new electron transfer dyad, covalently linked C70-corrole, was prepared via C70 and 10-(4-Formylaryl)-5,15-bis(pentafluorophenyl). The structures and the properties of the new material were investigated by HPLC, MALDI-TOF-MS, UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, NMR, fluorescence analysis and CV/DPV. The free-energy of C70-corrole calculated by employing the redox potentials and singlet excited-state energy suggested ...
Ujihara Masaki - - 2014
Effect of structure and size of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) on fluorescence behavior of uranine was examined. Confeito-like AuNPs with different sizes (30 nm, 60 nm and 100 nm, respectively) had plasmon absorption bands at 555, 600 and 660 nm, while the band of spherical AuNP (20 nm in size) was ...
Tang Yongjun - - 2014
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common opportunistic pathogen in clinics. The species-specific ecfX gene of Pseudomonas aeruginosa has high specificity. In this experiment, we are intended to develop a new method for the detection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa based on magnetic enrichment and nested PCR, and the specific ecfX gene of Pseudomonas ...
Park Sangeun - - 2014
When vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNTs) are synthesized by thermal chemical vapor deposition (TCVD), their structural features such as height and density can be determined by TCVD growth conditions. In this study we investigated the effect of growth pressure on the structural features of VACNTs. Changes in growth pressure significantly ...
Siqueira Maria C - - 2014
In this study, silver nanoparticles were prepared and incorporated into carboxymethylcellulose films to evaluate the antimicrobial activity for food packaging applications. The techniques carried out for material characterization were: infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis for the silver nanoparticles and films, as well as particle size distribution for the nanoparticles and ...
Ma Kai-Guo - - 2014
Highly fluorescent CdTe quantum dots (QDs) with emission in red to near-infrared (NIR) wavelength were successfully prepared by using 3-mercaptobutyric acid (3MBA) as capping agent. The maximum of quantum yield (QY) could reach up to 82% for QDs with emission peak at 686 nm and FWHM of 66 nm at ...
Zheng Hao - - 2014
Spinel phase LiMn1.95M(x)O(4-y)F(y) (M = Co and Y) were prepared by a rheological phase reaction method. The samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, AC impedance, and galvanostatic charge/discharge profile measurement. These results showed that the LiMn1.95M(x)O(4-y)F(y) had better cycling performance than pure LiMn2O4. Among all the doped ...
Zhang Lipeng - - 2014
In this work, shape-controlled synthesis of zinc oxide (ZnO) microstructures were demonstrated using liquid-phase route utilizing zinc acetate hydrate as zinc ion precursor and ammonia as pH buffering agent and source for zinc-ammonia complexes. Glass substrate coated with indium tin oxide layer was used as the growth substrate. Zinc-ammonia complex ...
Zhang Xu - - 2014
NaX zeolites were prepared by hydrothermal synthesis under room-temperature conditions. Some influence parameters such as crystallization time, Al2O3/SiO2, Na2O/SiO2 and H2O/SiO2 molar ratios on the crystalline end products were studied, the products were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, particle size analysis and N2 adsorption-desorption techniques. The results indicated that although ...
Yi Min - - 2014
Though the graphene-based films prepared by vacuum filtration of graphene dispersions can be well and easily prepared so far and show great prospects in conductive, transparent, and flexible devices and coatings, the nature of these films has been rarely investigated. In order to reveal how graphene flakes constitute these films, ...
Untem Flávia O - - 2014
In the last decades a new class of thermoset phenolic resin is emerging as a substitute of the traditional epoxy and phenolic resins in the aircraft industry. This new class is called polybenzoxazines and its associates the epoxy resin's mechanical properties and phenolic resin's thermal and flame retardant properties, resulting ...
Rai B K - - 2014
Pure phase exchange-coupled nanocomposites of hard-soft magnetic oxides, (hard) SrFe10Al2O19(-) (soft) Ni0.75Zn0.25Fe2O4 were prepared via autocombution method. Magnetic properties of the nanocomposites were assessed as a function of soft-phase content in the nanocomposite. A 40% increase in M(s) value was observed for nanocomposite with 30 Wt.% of the soft phase. ...
Macutkevic Jan - - 2014
The dielectric properties of Polymethylmetacrylate (PMMA) composites filled with CVD made multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) of different mean outer diameters (d - 9 nm and 12-14 nm) were investigated at temperatures from 300 K to 390 K and in a wide frequency range (20 Hz-1 MHz). The percolation threshold is ...
Ho Ching-Yen - - 2014
This paper utilizes non-Fourier two-temperature heat conduction model to investigate the temperature field in nanometer-sized thin films irradiated by an ultrashort-pulse laser. Ultrashort-pulse laser processing for nanometer-sized devices is usually applied in MEMS and nanotechnology. For ultrashort-pulse laser interaction with metals, the two-temperature model was proposed to describe the heat ...
Sarno Maria - - 2014
Few layer graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets were prepared by a very fast modified Hummers method and widely characterized. Avoiding further chemical reactions, trying to take advantage of the easy exfoliation of GO favoring the formation of a tribofilm, and using a methodology well known to the lubricant industry, they were ...
Gafner Yu Ya - - 2014
The opportunity of transition metals nanoclusters' usage as a data bits in memory devices for the recording transition "order-disorder" has been analyzed. Therefore, with the help of the molecular dynamics method on the basis of TB-SMA potential the simulation of metal nanoparticles (D = 1.6-5.0 nm) crystallization processes have been ...
Samavati Alireza - - 2014
Controlled growth and characterization of germanium (Ge) and silicon (Si) nanostructure are the key issues for optoelectronic device fabrication. The role of post-annealing on the structural and optical properties of radio frequency (rf) magnetron sputtering grown of Ge and Si quantum dots (QDs) deposited on Si(100) substrate is studied. Atomic ...
Yang Peilun - - 2014
Currently, growing attention has been paid to the sensitive determination and removal of Cu2+ because excessive levels of Cu2+ could do harm to organisms. Herein, a novel diethanolamine-modified magnetic fluorescent Fe3O4@ZnS nanoparticle (MFNP) for simultaneous detection and removal of Cu2+ was designed and synthesized through dithiocarbamate linkage strategy. The characterization ...
Hadia N M A - - 2014
TiO2 nanowires (TiO2 NWs) were successfully synthesized in large amounts through the one step hydrothermal process in 10 M NaOH aqueous solution at 150 degrees C for 15 h followed by annealing at 300-800 degrees C for 2 h. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared ...
Baji Avinash - - 2014
Inspired by the extreme wetting states displayed by the natural materials, various techniques have been widely investigated to fabricate superhydrophobic and superhydrophilic surfaces. Electrospinning has gained huge amount of interest as fibers with suitable combination of surface chemistry and surface roughness can be easily obtained. This study provides a comprehensive ...
Li Fang-Chi - - 2014
Using poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) covalently bonded with carbon nanotubes (CNT) as an active layer in a bottom-gate/top contact, Au/(P3HT)/(bilayer dielectric)/Si OTFT device has resulted in an enhanced charge transport. The CNTs were firstly functionalized via ligand exchange with ferrocene, next lithiated by sec-butyllithium (s-BuLi) and then linked anionically with P3HT which ...
Park Hye Rim - - 2014
The series of new iridium complexes, Ir(C--N)2(LX), (main ligand, C--N = the anion of 2-phenylpyridine (ppy), 4-difluoro-2-phenylpyridine (F2-ppy) and 4-methyl-2,3-diphenylquinoline (4-Me-2,3-dpq); ancillary ligand, LX = 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzoxazolate (BOX) and 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)benzothiazolate (BTZ)) were prepared and their luminescence properties were investigated. We expected that the relative energy levels of the main ligands and ...
Chi Xiaolei - - 2014
A silicon dioxide (SiO2) cavities array was fabricated on indium-tin oxide (ITO) electrode with polystyrene (PS) particles array as template by using sol-gel technique. The electrochemical properties of SiO2 cavities array indicated that it acted as microelectrode array. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was immobilized on the surface of SiO2 cavities by ...
Cho Bomin - - 2014
Asymmetric porous silicon multilayer (APSM)-based optical biosensor was developed to specify human Immunoglobin G (Ig G). APSM chip was generated by an electrochemical etching of silicon wafer using an asymmetric electrode configuration in aqueous ethanolic HF solution and constituted with nine arrayed porous silicon multilayer. APSM prepared from anisotropic etching ...
Calderon-Moreno J M - - 2014
The photoluminescence properties and formation mechanism of a novel stoichiometric phosphor are presented. Nanoplates of pure single-phase crystalline Eu2O2CO3 oxycarbonate (hexagonal type-II) were synthesized by dry autoclaving under autogenic pressure (under 3 MPa) using an efficient, high yield solid state green-chemistry route that can be extended to other rare-earth oxycarbonate ...
Mohan P - - 2014
Improved electrochemical performances of Spinel LiMn2O4 cathode was prepared by a sol-gel coating of CePO4 to the surface of the LiMn2O4 powder and subsequent heat treatment at 600 degrees C for 8 h in air. The surface modified LiMn2O4 cathode materials were characterized by using TG/DTA, X-ray diffraction, Scanning electron ...
Kim Hyunsu - - 2014
V2O5-coated ZnO 1D nanostructures were prepared by using a two step process: thermal evaporation of a mixture of ZnO and graphite powders (ZnO:C = 1:1) in an oxidative atmosphere and sputter-deposition of V2O5. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the nanostructures had a rod-like morphology with the thickness diminishing gradually from ...
Kang Tae Yeon - - 2014
To fabricate the platinum (Pt) counter electrode in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), rapid and low sintering process was carried out using nanosecond pulsed laser sintering (LS) method based on third harmonic (355 nm) of an Nd:YAG laser at room temperature. The surface morphology of LS-Pt on fluorine-doped tin oxide (FTO) ...
Dhakshnamoorthy M - - 2014
Nanofiber composites (Polyimide/f-SWCNT) of Pyromellitic dianhydride, 4,4'-Oxydianiline, and 4,4'-(4,4'-isopropylidene diphenyl-1,1'-diyl dioxy) dianiline (PMDA-ODA/IDDA) and surface-functionalized single walled carbon nanotubes (f-SWCNT) were made by electrospinning a solution of poly(amic acid) (PAA) containing 0-2 wt% f-SWCNT followed by thermal imidization. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy spectra verified the oxidation of SWCNT surface after acid ...
Min Kyung-Gu - - 2014
We have studied the characteristics of longitudinal-optical-phonon-plasmon coupled (LOPC) mode by using the ultrashort pulsed laser with 45 THz bandwidth as a function of thickness in InAs epilayers, ranging from 10 to 900 nm. We have observed the LOPC modes split into the upper (L(+) mode) and the lower (L(-) ...
Kang Chan-Mo - - 2014
The main issue of the organic rectifier, the key element in radio frequency identification tags, is to improve forward-bias current density of an organic diode in the rectifier, which increases the frequency response of the rectifier. One approach to achieve high current density is inserting a hole injection layer (HIL) ...
Tran Tuan Hiep - - 2014
The main aim of this study was to improve the oral bioavailability of raloxifene (RXF), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, by incorporation into solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN). RXF-loaded SLN was prepared by homogenization-sonication technique and characterized through physicochemical, pharmacokinetic, and cytotoxicity studies. The optimized SLN formulation exhibited a spherical shape ...
Kim Jong Min - - 2014
The morphology of the specific face growth of sodium chloride (NaCI) crystal on the mica surface was analyzed using atomic force microscope (AFM). The supersaturation of the NaCI was induced to lead to the crystal nucleation and growth by the addition of methylalcohol. The effects of methylalcohol concentration and mica ...
Arora Leena - - 2014
In the present study, a generic method for the modification of optical band gap of CdS nanostructures material over a wide spectral range due to Pb doping and formation of Cd(1-x)Pb(x)S nanoparticles and its size confinement is reported. The composite investigated in this study was grown by thermal decomposition of ...
Dhatshanamurthi P - - 2014
The different wt% of ZnS loaded TiO2 (ZnS-TiO2) catalysts were successfully synthesized by precipitation cum sol-gel method and used for degradation of phenol dye, Phenol red sodium salt (PRSS) under natural sun light. Highly efficient 10.7 wt% of ZnS-TiO2 was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), ...
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