Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2995
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >
Bieze M M Departments of Surgery, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a benign hepatic lesion that may be complicated by bleeding, although the risk of bleeding is ill-defined. The aim of this study was to assess risk factors for bleeding in patients diagnosed with HCA. Patients with HCA were included prospectively from January 2008 to July 2012. ...
Ardelt Michael M Department of General, Visceral and Vascular Surgery, University of Jena, Jena, - - 2014
The aim of the present retrospective single centre study was to define the changes in the microbiological flora of the recurring sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus (PS). Microbiological findings of swab samples of abscess-forming PS from 2000 to 2010 were evaluated. Within this time span, 73 swab samples were taken from primary ...
Guevara Rafael R Southeast Environmental Research Center, OE-148, Florida International University, Miami, FL, 33199, - - 2014
Florida Bay exhibits a natural gradient of strong P limitation in the east which shifts to weak P or even N limitation at the western boundary. This nutrient gradient greatly affects seagrass abundance and productivity across the bay. We assessed the effects of N and P additions on sediment bacterial ...
McCallie Blair R BR National Foundation for Fertility Research, 10290 RidgeGate Circle, Lone Tree, CO, 80124, - - 2014
To determine microRNA (miRNA) expression in human blastocysts relative to advanced maternal age and chromosome constitution. Cryopreserved human blastocysts were warmed and underwent a trophectoderm biopsy for comprehensive chromosomal screening. Select blastocysts were then lysed, reverse transcribed, and pre-amplified prior to running real-time PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using an ...
Aedo Sandra S Department of Microbiology and Immunology, New York Medical College, Basic Science Building, Valhalla, NY, 10595, - - 2014
Marine bacteria from aquaculture areas with industrial use of quinolones have the potential to pass quinolone resistance genes to animal and human pathogens. The VPA0095 gene, related to the quinolone resistance determinant qnrA, from clinical isolates of epidemic Vibrio parahaemolyticus conferred reduced susceptibility to quinolone after cloning into Escherichia coli ...
Henderson Gibence Rose Winnie GR CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad, 500 007, - - 2014
The levels and timing of expression of genes like BCLXL, HDAC1 and pluripotency marker genes namely, OCT4, SOX2, NANOG and KLF4 are known to influence preimplantation embryo development. Despite this information, precise understanding of their influence during preimplantation embryo development is lacking. The present study attempts to compare the expression ...
Aissa Larousse Jameleddine J LR11-IPT-09, Epidémiologie et diversité génétique des virus hépatiques et entériques humain, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia; CNRS-UMR 5234, Microbiologie fondamentale et Pathogénicité, University of Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France; Virology Laboratory, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, - - 2014
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitors (PIs) and polymerase inhibitors: nucleos(t)ide inhibitors (NS5B-NIs) and non-nucleos(t)ide inhibitors (NS5B-NNIs) have been recently developed to inhibit protease (NS3) or polymerase (NS5B) activities. The drawback of antiviral treatment is the emergence of resistance mutations to the drugs. The prevalence of such mutations conferring resistance ...
Trads Mette M Orthopaedic Ward Department, Region Hospital Randers, Risskov, Region Midtjylland, - - 2014
Constipation is often an overlooked aspect of patient care and increases the risk of postoperative complications, can prolong hospital stay, increase financial cost and add to staff nursing care time. A prospective descriptive design was used. One hundred six patients with hip fracture participated. On admission, day of discharge and ...
Kim Jong-Min JM Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kosin Gospel Hospital, College of Medicine, Kosin University, 34, Amnam-dong, Seo-gu, Busan, 602-702, South - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine (1) variations in the shape of the proximal, middle, and distal femur in a series of Korean patients who had undergone total knee arthroplasty (TKA), (2) the preoperative relationship between these three parameters and the distal valgus cutting angle referenced off the ...
Laurent Vincent V Behavioural Neuroscience Laboratory, Brain and Mind Research Institute, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, - - 2014
Stimuli that predict rewarding events can control choice between future actions. Evidence suggests that this control is mediated by δ-opioid receptors (δ-receptors) in the nucleus accumbens shell (NAc-S). Interestingly, stimuli predicting the absence of important events can also guide choice, although it remains unknown whether they do so via changes ...
Abdel-Salam Bahaa Kenawy Abuel-Hussien BK Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Minia University, 61519, El-Minia, Egypt, - - 2014
The anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10) and the pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, and tumor necroses factor-alpha (TNF-α)) have important functions in wound healing. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine whether dietary supplementation with whey protein could enhance normal inflammatory responses during wound healing in diabetic rats. ...
Li Liping L Department of Urology, Fudan University Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China; Shanghai Key Lab of Organ Transplantation, Shanghai, - - 2014
Telocytes (TCs), a distinct type of interstitial cells, have been identified in many organs via electron microscopy. However, their precise function in organ regeneration remains unknown. This study investigated the paracrine effect of renal TCs on renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs) in vitro, the regenerative function of renal TCs in ...
Vousden Dulcie A DA Mouse Imaging Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, 25 Orde St., Toronto, ON M5T 3H7, Canada, - - 2014
The ability to visualize behaviourally evoked neural activity patterns across the rodent brain is essential for understanding the distributed brain networks mediating particular behaviours. However, current imaging methods are limited in their spatial resolution and/or ability to obtain brain-wide coverage of functional activity. Here, we describe a new automated method ...
Sheng Li L Department of Drug Metabolism, Key Laboratory of Active Substances Discovery and Drug Ability Evaluation, State Key Laboratory of Bioactive Substance and Function of Natural Medicines, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100050, People's Republic of - - 2014
A rapid and specific liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for the quantitation of 10-chloromethyl-11-demethyl-12-oxo-calanolide A (F18), a small-molecule nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, was developed and validated in rat plasma. F18 was monitored by positive electrospray ionization in the selected reaction monitoring mode. The standard curve was linear over the range of ...
Bell Emily E Neuroethics Research Unit, Institut de recherches cliniques de Montreal, 110 Avenue des Pins Ouest, Montreal, QC, H2M 1R7, Canada, - - 2014
Neuroscientists are increasingly put into situations which demand critical reflection about the ethical and appropriate use of research tools and scientific knowledge. Students or trainees also have to know how to navigate the ethical domains of this context. At a time when neuroscience is expected to advance policy and practice ...
Abdolmohammad-Zadeh Hossein H Department of Chemistry and Phytochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University, Tabriz, - - 2014
Vanillic acid (VA) is a phenolic acid, and acts as a natural antioxidant in fruits, vegetables and plants. The extraction and determination of trace levels of VA in plants is important, because stimulation of protein synthesis and activation of antioxidant enzymes occur in the presence of phenolic acids at trace ...
Wong Chloe K S CK Centre of Influenza Research and School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, SAR, - - 2014
Contemporary influenza B viruses are classified into two groups known as Yamagata and Victoria lineages. The co-circulation of two viral lineages in recent years urges for a robust and simple diagnostic test for detecting influenza B viruses and for lineage differentiation. In this study, a SYBR green-based asymmetric PCR assay ...
Ueki Takeshi T Department of Materials Engineering, School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656, Japan. - - 2014
Herein, we summarise the recent developments in self-oscillating polymeric materials based on the concepts of supramolecular chemistry, where aggregates of molecular building blocks with non-covalent bonds evolve the temporal or spatiotemporal structure. By utilising the rhythmic oscillation of the association/dissociation of molecular aggregates coupled with the redox oscillation by the ...
Osaka Eiji E Sarcoma Biology Laboratory, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, 50 Fruit Street, Jackson 1115, Boston, Massachusetts, 02114; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchikami-cho, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173-8610, - - 2014
Recent studies have revealed that expression of miRNA-1 (miR-1) is frequently down-regulated in several cancer types including chordoma. Identifying and validating novel targets of miR-1 is useful for understanding the roles of miR-1 in chordoma. We aimed to further investigate the functions of miR-1 in chordoma. Specifically, we assessed whether ...
Varghese Joy J Department of Hepatology and Liver Transplantation, Global Hospitals and Health City, Perumbakkam, Chennai, 600 100, India, - - 2014
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after a liver transplant (LT) is a global issue. Several strategies have been adopted to prevent this recurrence. Most strategies recommend a combination of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and or nucleos(t)ide analogue. The aim of the study is to determine the anti-HBs response to HBIG ...
Bastos Michele S MS Fundação de Medicina Tropical Dr. Heitor Vieira Dourado, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil; Universidade do Estado do Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas, - - 2014
Acute infections of the central nervous system (CNS) can be caused by various pathogens. In this study, the presence of herpesviruses (HHV), enteroviruses (EVs), and arboviruses were investigated in CSF samples from 165 patients with suspected CNS viral infection through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcriptase PCR. The genomes ...
Jinabhai Amit A Faculty of Life Sciences, The University of Manchester, Manchester, - - 2014
This study investigated how aberration-controlling, customised soft contact lenses corrected higher-order ocular aberrations and visual performance in keratoconic patients compared to other forms of refractive correction (spectacles and rigid gas-permeable lenses). Twenty-two patients (16 rigid gas-permeable contact lens wearers and six spectacle wearers) were fitted with standard toric soft lenses ...
Cannon Michael J MJ National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Congenital CMV infection is a leading cause of childhood disability. Many children born with congenital CMV infection are asymptomatic or have nonspecific symptoms and therefore are typically not diagnosed. A strategy of newborn CMV screening could allow for early detection and intervention to improve clinical outcomes. Interventions might include antiviral ...
Wu Ming-Ming MM Departments of Clinical Pharmacy and Cardiology, Institute of Clinical Pharmacy, the 2nd Affiliated Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Key Laboratories of Education Ministry for Myocardial Ischemia Mechanism and Treatment, Harbin, 150086, P. R. - - 2014
The molecular identity of calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) in vascular endothelial cells remains unknown. This study aims to identify whether anoctamin 1 (ANO1, also known as TMEM16A) functions as CaCC and whether hypoxia alters biophysical properties of ANO1 in mouse cardiac vascular endothelial cells (CVECs). Western blot, quantitative real-time PCR, ...
Shirato Kazuya K Laboratory of Acute Respiratory Viral Diseases and Cytokines, Department of Virology III, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Musashimurayama, - - 2014
Although human coronavirus (HCoV)-NL63 was once considered a possible causative agent of Kawasaki disease based on RT-PCR analyses, subsequent studies could not confirm the result. In this study, this possibility was explored using serological tests. To evaluate the role of HCoV infection in patients with Kawasaki disease, immunofluorescence assays and ...
de Beer F M FM Laboratory of Experimental Intensive Care and Anesthesiology (L·E·I·C·A), Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Mechanical ventilation has the potential to cause lung injury, and the role of complement activation herein is uncertain. We hypothesized that inhibition of the complement cascade by administration of plasma-derived human C1-esterase inhibitor (C1-INH) prevents ventilation-induced pulmonary complement activation, and as such attenuates lung inflammation and lung injury in a ...
Yang Chun C Department of Radiology, Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical College, 99 West Huai-hai Road, Xuzhou, 221002, Jiangsu, People's Republic of - - 2014
The objective of this study was to analyze the enhancement patterns at dynamic gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging in patients of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) with associated Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). The MR imaging findings in 10 patients of HCC with associated BCS were compared to those of 32 other patients of HCC ...
Sharma Ajeet K AK Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, 208016, - - 2014
Before a cell divides into two daughter cells, chromosomes are replicated resulting in two sister chromosomes embracing each other. Each sister chromosome is bound to a separate proteinous structure, called kinetochore (kt), that captures the tip of a filamentous protein, called microtubule (MT). Two oppositely oriented MTs pull the two ...
Cam Semra Tepe ST Biophysics Department, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Dekanlık Binası 5. Kat Besevler, 06500, Ankara, Turkey, - - 2014
The present study aimed to investigate the possible effect of pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation (RFR) on rat skin hydroxyproline content, since skin is the first target of external electromagnetic fields. Skin hydroxyproline content was measured using liquid chromatography mass spectrometer method. Two months old male wistar rats were exposed to a ...
Francis Warren R WR Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, CA, 95039, USA; Department of Ocean Sciences, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, - - 2014
Tomopteris is a cosmopolitan genus of polychaetes. Many species produce yellow luminescence in the parapodia when stimulated. Yellow bioluminescence is rare in the ocean, and the components of this luminescent reaction have not been identified. Only a brief description, half a century ago, noted fluorescence in the parapodia with a ...
McIlwaine Rebekka R Environmental Engineering Research Centre, School of Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, BT9 5AG, UK, - - 2014
The environmental quality of land can be assessed by calculating relevant threshold values, which differentiate between concentrations of elements resulting from geogenic and diffuse anthropogenic sources and concentrations generated by point sources of elements. A simple process allowing the calculation of these typical threshold values (TTVs) was applied across a ...
Tucker Carole A CA College of Health Professions and Social Work (CHPSW), Temple University, 3307 North Broad Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19140, USA, - - 2014
The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS (®) ) is a US National Institutes of Health initiative that has produced self-reported item banks for physical, mental and social health. To describe the content of PROMIS at the item level using the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and ...
Ghorbel Manel M Laboratoire de Ressources Minérales Et Environnement (RME), Tunis El Manar University, 2020, Tunis, Tunisia, - - 2014
This work presents a modeling approach to simulate spatial distribution of metal contamination in aerosols with evaluation of health hazard. This approach offers the advantage to be non-intrusive, less expensive than sampling and laboratory analyses. It was applied to assess the impact of metal-bearing dust from mining wastes on air ...
Matijevic Lana L Department of Amelioration, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, Svetosimunska 25, 10000, Zagreb, Croatia, - - 2014
Processes that control the mobility, transformation and toxicity of metals in soil are of special importance in the root-developing zone. For this reason, there is a considerable interest in understanding trace elements (TEs) behavior in soil, emphasising the processes by which plants take them up. Increased root-zone salinity can affect ...
Kalfert David D Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Hradec Kralove, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) includes tumors of various anatomical sites sharing the common etiological factors. However some differences in pathogenesis and prognosis of HNSCC have been hitherto documented. Laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) is one the most common type of the head and neck cancer. The majority ...
Steinmetz Marc M Mulliken Center for Theoretical Chemistry, Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie der Universität Bonn, Beringstraße 4, 53115, Bonn, Germany, - - 2014
The thermodynamic properties of molecules are of fundamental interest in chemistry and engineering. This chapter deals with developments made in the last few years in the search for accurate density functional theory-based quantum chemical electronic structure methods for this purpose. The typical target accuracy for reaction energies of larger systems ...
Bryce David L DL Department of Chemistry, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy offers unique insights into halogen bonds. NMR parameters such as chemical shifts, quadrupolar coupling constants, J coupling constants, and dipolar coupling constants are in principle sensitive to the formation and local structure of a halogen bond. Carrying out NMR experiments on halogen-bonded adducts in the ...
Kronik Leeor L Department of Materials and Interfaces, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovoth, 76100, Israel, - - 2014
We present a tutorial overview of the simulation of gas-phase valence-electron photoemission spectra using density functional theory (DFT), emphasizing both fundamental considerations and practical applications, and making appropriate links between the two. We explain how an elementary quantum mechanics view of photoemission couples naturally to a many-body perturbation theory view. ...
Maeda Ichiro I Department of Pathology, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, 216-8511, Japan, - - 2014
Some reports suggest that the rate of definitive diagnosis of malignant tumors, namely, the final diagnosis being revised to a higher stage, in patients diagnosed as having flat epithelial atypia (FEA) by percutaneous needle biopsy of the breast (PNB) is as low as 0-3 %. However, other reports suggest that the ...
Yu Xiao-Yan XY Obstetrics and Gynecology, Women's Hospital School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, - - 2014
To explore suitable scales to assess psychological status of pregnant women whose fetuses have grave deformities, a face-to-face interview guided by the Triage Assessment System (TAS) was conducted. Also, a questionnaire of the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) was obtained in 44 pregnant women diagnosed with a fetal deformity. Percentages ...
Pieterse Elmar E Department of Nephrology, Radboud University Medical Center Nijmegen, the - - 2014
In addition to a disturbed apoptosis and insufficient clearance of apoptotic cells, there is recent evidence for a role of neutrophils in the etiopathogenesis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE). In response to various stimuli, neutrophils can rapidly release DNA fibers decorated with citrullinated histones and antimicrobial peptides. These structures are ...
He Yi-Ting YT Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, 510120, China, - - 2014
This study is designed to compare the efficacy and safety of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with western medicine (WM) in the management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This is a 24-week, randomized, multicenter, single-blind study comparing TCM with WM (as used in China) carried out between June 2002 and December 2004 ...
Bína David D Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branišovská 31, 37005, České Budějovice, Czech Republic, - - 2014
The arrangement of core antenna complexes (B808-866-RC) in the cytoplasmic membrane of filamentous phototrophic bacterium Chloroflexus aurantiacus was studied by electron microscopy in cultures from different light conditions. A typical nearest-neighbor center-to-center distance of ~18 nm was found, implying less protein crowding compared to membranes of purple bacteria. A mean RC:chlorosome ratio ...
Guler Ferhat F Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Antalya Education and Research Hospital, Kultur mah. 3805 Sk. Durukent Sit., F Blok Daire 22, Kepez, Antalya, - - 2014
The purpose of this prospective study was to examine the prevalence of occult knee injuries in patients with ipsilateral tibial shaft fractures and determine their impact on clinical outcome. Preoperative knee MRI examination was performed in 41 patients (42 knees) with isolated tibial shaft fractures. Menisci, cruciate ligaments, collateral ligaments, ...
Vallon Mario M Division of Hematology, Stanford University School of Medicine, 269 Campus Drive, CCSR 3100, Stanford, CA, 94305, USA, - - 2014
Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing vessels, in the central nervous system (CNS) is seen both as a normal physiological response as well as a pathological step in disease progression. Formation of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is an essential step in physiological CNS angiogenesis. The BBB is ...
Queiroga Cláudia S F CS Chronic Diseases Research Center (CEDOC), Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campo Mártires da Pátria 130, 1169-056 Lisboa, - - 2014
Haem oxygenase (HO) and its product carbon monoxide (CO) are associated with cytoprotection and maintenance of homeostasis in several distinct organs and tissues. This review focuses on the role of exogenous and endogenous CO (via HO activity and expression) in various central nervous system pathologies, based on data from experimental ...
Oswald Felix F LaserLaB Amsterdam, VU University, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, Netherlands. - - 2014
The cytoplasmic membrane forms the barrier between any cell's interior and the outside world. It contains many proteins that enable essential processes such as the transmission of signals, the uptake of nutrients, and cell division. In the case of prokaryotes, which do not contain intracellular membranes, the cytoplasmic membrane also ...
Bai Xue X Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow Lake of Ministry of Education, College of Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing, 210098, China, - - 2014
Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) microspheres were prepared by inverse suspension crosslinked method, with glutaraldehyde as a crosslinking agent. PVA microspheres activated with aldehyde groups were employed for Trametes versicolor laccase immobilization. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were used to characterize the activated PVA microspheres and PVA microspheres with ...
Bjerre Mette - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: High circulating levels of osteoprotegerin (OPG) carry prognostic impact in cohorts with various cardiovascular diagnoses. With the present study we aim to investigate the role of OPG within the scale of myocardial damage. Design: This study includes 219 consecutive patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) randomized to ...
Park Jason Y JY Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Children's Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA; Eugene McDermott Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2014
Commercial chemiluminescent reagents emit across a broad portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (400-500 nm). A challenge to the use of chemiluminescence to monitor biological processes is the presence of interfering substances in the biological optical window. In the present study, longer wavelength emitting fluorophores (the organic dyes Alexa 568 and Alexa ...
< 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 >