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Kido Nobuhide N Nogeyama Zoological - - 2014
Seven reticulated giraffes were hand-reared at Nogeyama Zoological Gardens because the dam had agalactia. Six of the 7 calves exhibited polyarthritis and/or phlegmon in the lower legs. However, the cause of the disorder was unclear. The present study reviewed the clinical records of the 7 giraffes, including the type and ...
Lee Christopher M CM Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. - - 2014
This study reports that the noncentrosymmetry and phase synchronization requirements of the sum frequency generation (SFG) process can be used to distinguish the three-dimensional organization of crystalline cellulose distributed in amorphous matrices. Crystalline cellulose is produced as microfibrils with a few nanometer diameters by plants, tunicates, and bacteria. Crystalline cellulose ...
Jung Youngsin Y Department of Neurology (Behavioral Neurology), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Widespread deposition of TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa (TDP-43), a major protein inclusion commonly found in frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) can also be seen in a subset of cases with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Some of these AD cases have TDP-43 immunoreactivity in basal ganglia (BG) ...
Fornai M M Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, - - 2014
Cyclooxygenase isoforms (COX-1, COX-2) regulate human gut motility, although their role under pathological conditions remains unclear. This study examines the effects of COX inhibitors on colonic excitatory motility in patients with diverticular disease (DD). Longitudinal muscle preparations, from patients with DD or uncomplicated cancer (controls), were set up in organ ...
Tsampalieros A A Department of Pediatrics, The Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, ON, K1H 8 L1, Canada, - - 2014
This study of changes in dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) spine BMD following diagnosis and treatment for childhood Crohn's disease demonstrated that changes in conventional posteroanterior BMD results were confounded by impaired growth, and suggested that lateral spine measurements and strategies to estimate volumetric BMD were more sensitive to disease ...
Guevara Rafael R Southeast Environmental Research Center, OE-148, Florida International University, Miami, FL, 33199, - - 2014
Florida Bay exhibits a natural gradient of strong P limitation in the east which shifts to weak P or even N limitation at the western boundary. This nutrient gradient greatly affects seagrass abundance and productivity across the bay. We assessed the effects of N and P additions on sediment bacterial ...
Pinsky Michael R MR Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, 606 Scaife Hall, 3550 Terrace Street, Pittsburgh, PA, 15261, USA, - - 2014
In 1992, we published a report on the effect of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on right ventricular (RV) function in humans. We measured RV volumes and pressures and pericardial pressure (Ppc) as PEEP was increased from zero to 15 cm H20 in 12 patients after thoracotomy, using a pulmonary arterial ...
Vissandjée Bilkis - - 2014
Female Genital Cutting (FGC) anchored in a complex socio-cultural context becomes significant at the interface of access of health and social services in host countries. The practice of FGC at times, understood as a form of gender-based violence, may result in unjustifiable consequences among girls and women; yet, these practices ...
Brown Aidan A SUPA, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, JCMB Kings Buildings, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK. - - 2014
Colloidal particles partially coated with platinum and dispersed in H2O2 solution are often used as model self-propelled colloids. Most current data suggest that neutral self-diffusiophoresis propels these particles. However, several studies have shown strong ionic effects in this and related systems, such as a reduction of propulsion speed by salt. ...
Wang Wen W Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology & Traditional Chinese Medicine Research (Ministry of Education of China), National & Local Joint Engineering Laboratory for New Petro-chemical Materials and Fine Utilization of Resources, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China. xieqj@hunnu.edu.cn - - 2014
We report a new and efficient protocol for rapid electrodeposition of a gold-Prussian blue ((Au-PB)REd) nanocomposite with ultrahigh electroactivity on an Au electrode by cyclic voltammetry in 0.1 M aqueous K2SO4 containing 1 mM K3Fe(CN)6, 1 mM HAuCl4, and 0.1 mM Fe2(SO4)3, and an electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance and scanning ...
Stöllberger Claudia C Krankenanstalt Rudolfstiftung, Wien, - - 2014
Myofibrillar myopathy is characterized by non-hyaline and hyaline lesions due to mutations in nuclear genes encoding for extra-myofibrillar or myofibrillar proteins. Cardiac involvement in myofibrillar myopathy may be phenotypically expressed as dilated, hypertrophic or restrictive cardiomyopathy. Radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation and flutter has so far not been reported in ...
Roy Somnath S Department of Entomology, Tocklai Tea Research Institute, Tea Research Association, Jorhat, 785008, Assam, India, - - 2014
Sustainable tea cultivation will rely increasingly on alternatives to conventional chemical insecticides for pest management that are environment-friendly and reduce the amount of pesticide residues in made tea. Entomopathogens can provide effective control, conserve biodiversity, and serve as alternatives to chemical insecticides under several conditions. Due to their specificity for ...
McNulty Jason D JD Wisconsin Institute for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, - - 2014
Increased realization of the spatial heterogeneity found within in vivo tissue microenvironments has prompted the desire to engineer similar complexities into in vitro culture substrates. Microcontact printing (μCP) is a versatile technique for engineering such complexities onto cell culture substrates because it permits microscale control of the relative positioning of ...
M den Harder Annemarie A Department of Radiation Oncology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584, Utrecht, The - - 2014
To investigate whether magnesium oxide reduces the interfraction motion of the prostate and the amount of rectal filling and rectal gas, which influences prostate position during radiotherapy for prostate cancer. From December 2008 to February 2010, 92 prostate cancer patients scheduled for intensity-modulated radiotherapy (77 Gy in 35 fractions) using fiducial ...
Das Chayanika C Polymer Science and Engineering Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr Homi Bhabha Road, Pune 411008, India. - - 2014
Nanotubes with variable hydrophobic interiors were prepared by disassembling anionic micelles in the inner walls of positive charge bearing conjugated polymer nanotubes.
Yuan Gao-Feng GF College of Food and Medicine, Zhejiang Ocean University, Zhoushan 316022, - - 2014
Conjugated linolenic acid (CLNA) is a mixture of positional and geometric isomers of octadecatrienoic acid (α-linolenic acid, cis9,cis12,cis15-18:3 n-3) found in plant seeds. Three 8,10,12-18:3 isomers and four 9,11,13-18:3 isomers have been reported to occur naturally. CLNA isomers such as punicic acid, α-eleostearic acid and jacaric acid have been attributed ...
Bell Emily E Neuroethics Research Unit, Institut de recherches cliniques de Montreal, 110 Avenue des Pins Ouest, Montreal, QC, H2M 1R7, Canada, - - 2014
Neuroscientists are increasingly put into situations which demand critical reflection about the ethical and appropriate use of research tools and scientific knowledge. Students or trainees also have to know how to navigate the ethical domains of this context. At a time when neuroscience is expected to advance policy and practice ...
Choubey Sureshkumar R SR Department of Physics, SRMCEW Nandanvan, Nagpur, 440009, - - 2014
Chlorosulphate NaMgSO4 Cl phosphor doped with Ce(3+) and co-doped by Dy(3+) prepared by the wet chemical method was studied for its photoluminescence and thermoluminescence (TL) characteristics. The emission spectrum of Ce(3+) shows dominant peaks at 346 nm (excitation 270 nm) due to 5d → 4f transition. Efficient energy transfer occurs from Ce(3+)  → Dy(3+) ions. ...
Oswald Felix F LaserLaB Amsterdam, VU University, De Boelelaan 1081, 1081 HV, Amsterdam, Netherlands. - - 2014
The cytoplasmic membrane forms the barrier between any cell's interior and the outside world. It contains many proteins that enable essential processes such as the transmission of signals, the uptake of nutrients, and cell division. In the case of prokaryotes, which do not contain intracellular membranes, the cytoplasmic membrane also ...
Cardo Lucía F LF Genética Molecular-Laboratorio de Medicina, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, Oviedo, - - 2014
Mutations in the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 gene (LRRK2) are the most common genetic determinants of familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). Most of the mutational screenings analyzed the exon-coding sequence. Our aim was to determine whether LRRK2 3' untranslated region (UTR) variants were associated with the risk of developing ...
Zhang Min M Cancer Center, Department of Pathology, Nanjing Medical University, 140 Hanzhong Road, Nanjing, 210029, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Our previous studies showed that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) promotes hepatoma cell growth and migration, as well as invasion; however, the precise mechanism remains elusive. Snail and p65 protein levels were detected in human samples with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. HCC cell lines (Huh-7 and Hep3B) were used ...
Finset Arnstein A Department of Behavioural Sciences in Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, - - 2014
Talk-in-interaction is characterized by a pattern of turn-taking between conversational partners and rapid shifts from turn to turn without pauses between turns. During talk-in-interaction speakers constantly adjust to one another's terminology, repeat expressions from turn to turn and imitate each other's verbal as well as nonverbal behavior, a phenomenon characterized ...
Aissa Larousse Jameleddine J LR11-IPT-09, Epidémiologie et diversité génétique des virus hépatiques et entériques humain, Institut Pasteur de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia; CNRS-UMR 5234, Microbiologie fondamentale et Pathogénicité, University of Bordeaux 2, Bordeaux, France; Virology Laboratory, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, - - 2014
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) protease inhibitors (PIs) and polymerase inhibitors: nucleos(t)ide inhibitors (NS5B-NIs) and non-nucleos(t)ide inhibitors (NS5B-NNIs) have been recently developed to inhibit protease (NS3) or polymerase (NS5B) activities. The drawback of antiviral treatment is the emergence of resistance mutations to the drugs. The prevalence of such mutations conferring resistance ...
Shi Lin L Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine, Xi'an, - - 2014
Whether hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection impairs human infertility is unclear. The present retrospective case-controlled study investigated the impact of HBV on sperm parameters, ovarian stimulation, and outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer. A total of 224 couples with at least one partner being HBsAg-seropositive undergoing their ...
Li Ting-Ting TT State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 210009, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China; Department of Pharmacology, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, 210009, Jiangsu, People's Republic of - - 2014
A simple, sensitive and reproducible high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay method was developed for the estimation of 3-pentylbenzo[c]thiophen-1(3H)-one (S5 ), a potential anti-ischemic stroke agent, in dog plasma. The analytical procedure involves protein precipitation of S5 and nobiletin (internal standard) from dog plasma with acetonitrile. Chromatographic separation was achieved on ...
Kanno Sanae S Department of Legal Medicine, St. Marianna University School of Medicine, 2-16-1 Sugao, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki, 216-8511, Japan, - - 2014
Long fibers, such as asbestos and carbon nanotubes (CNTs), are more potent activators of inflammatory and genotoxicity than short or tangled fibers. Fibrous particles trigger interleukin (IL)-1β secretion and cause inflammatory diseases through NLRP3 inflammasomes in phagocytotic cells. However, the mechanism involved in fibrous particle-induced inflammation has not been well ...
Okoshi Masaki M Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, Tokyo, 169-8555, - - 2014
The Lagrange interpolation of molecular orbital (LIMO) method, which reduces the number of self-consistent field iterations in ab initio molecular dynamics simulations with the Hartree-Fock method and the Kohn-Sham density functional theories, is extended to the theory of multiconfigurational wave functions. We examine two types of treatments for the active ...
Röder Gregory G Laboratory of Fundamental and Applied Research in Chemical Ecology (FARCE), Institute of Biology, University of Neuchâtel, Rue Emile-Argand 11, 2000, Neuchâtel, - - 2014
The great spotted cuckoo (Clamator glandarius) is an important brood parasite of carrion crows (Corvus corone corone) in northern Spain. We recently found that, unlike what is commonly known for cuckoo-host interactions, the great spotted cuckoo has no negative impact on average crow fitness in this region. The explanation for ...
Varghese Joy J Department of Hepatology and Liver Transplantation, Global Hospitals and Health City, Perumbakkam, Chennai, 600 100, India, - - 2014
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after a liver transplant (LT) is a global issue. Several strategies have been adopted to prevent this recurrence. Most strategies recommend a combination of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) and or nucleos(t)ide analogue. The aim of the study is to determine the anti-HBs response to HBIG ...
Kraan Heleen H Institute of Translational Vaccinology (Intravacc), Antonie van Leeuwenhoeklaan 9, P.O. Box 450, 3720 AL, Bilthoven, The - - 2014
The aim of current study was to develop a dried inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) formulation with minimal loss during the drying process and improved stability when compared with the conventional liquid IPV. Extensive excipient screening was combined with the use of a Design of Experiment (DoE) approach in order to ...
Kim Dong Jin - - 2014
Adrenal metastasis following gastrectomy for gastric cancer is often encountered as part of advanced systemic dissemination, which is usually unresectable. Thus, there are very few published case reports describing metastasectomy for adrenal metastasis from gastric cancer. Herein we present our experience in treating two patients diagnosed and treated for adrenal ...
Griffin Simon J SJ MRC Epidemiology Unit, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, UK, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess whether or not a theory-based behaviour change intervention delivered by trained and quality-assured lifestyle facilitators can achieve and maintain improvements in physical activity, dietary change, medication adherence and smoking cessation in people with recently diagnosed type 2 diabetes. An explanatory randomised controlled ...
Wen Fengtong F School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Jinan, Jinan, 250022, China, - - 2014
Secure and efficient user mutual authentication is an essential task for integrated electronic patient record (EPR) information system. Recently, several authentication schemes have been proposed to meet this requirement. In a recent paper, Lee et al. proposed an efficient and secure password-based authentication scheme used smart cards for the integrated ...
Reid Joel M JM Department of Oncology, Division of Oncology Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA, - - 2014
Curcumin, a keto-enol constituent of turmeric, has in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity. However, in vivo potency is low due to poor oral absorption. The mono-carbonyl analog, 3,5-bis[(2-fluorophenyl)methylene]-4-piperidinone acetate (EF-24, NSC 716993), exhibited broad-spectrum activity in the NCI anticancer cell line screen and potent antiangiogenesis activity in a HUVEC ...
El-Baba Tarick J TJ Department of Chemistry, Wayne State University, 5101 Cass Ave., Detroit, MI, 48202, - - 2014
Mass spectrometry has emerged as a powerful tool for the bioanalytical sciences because of its ability to characterize small and large biomolecules in vanishingly small amounts. A recurring motif in mass spectrometry aims to decipher the chemical composition of biological samples at the molecular level, requiring drastic improvements in the ...
Chibber Rachana R Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare the outcome of induced and spontaneous labor in grand multiparous women with one previous lower segment cesarean section, so that the safety of labor induction could be assessed. Methods: In 102 women (study group) labor was induced and the outcome was compared with 280 women (control ...
Knight Danica K DK Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University (TCU), Box 298740, Fort Worth, TX, 76129, USA, - - 2014
Although adolescents demonstrate capacity for rational decision making, their tendency to be impulsive, place emphasis on peers, and ignore potential consequences of their actions often translates into higher risk-taking including drug use, illegal activity, and physical harm. Problems with judgment and decision making contribute to risky behavior and are core ...
Tadwalkar Rigved R Cedars Sinai Heart Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8631 West Third Street, Ste, 1017 East, Los Angeles, CA, 90048, - - 2014
To ascertain the beneficial role of spiritual counseling in patients with chronic heart failure. This is a pilot study evaluating the effects of adjunct spiritual counseling on quality of life (QoL) outcomes in patients with heart failure. Patients were assigned to "religious" or "non-religious" counseling services based strictly on their ...
McDowell Sean A C SA Department of Biological and Chemical Sciences, The University of the West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Barbados. - - 2014
A computational study of ionic XAH3-Y complexes (X = F(-), Cl(-), Br(-), Li(+), Be(2+); A = C, Si, Ge; Y = F, Cl, Br) predicted optimized structures which are held together by a combination of attractive forces, including ion-dipole and ion-σ-hole electrostatic interactions, and polarization forces. The trends (with variation ...
Xing Minzhi M Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA; Interventional Radiology and Image-Guided Medicine, Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
The liver is the most common visceral site of colorectal cancer metastasis and recurrence. Given that only 25% of patients with colorectal liver metastases are amenable to curative surgical resection at initial diagnosis, locoregional intra-arterial therapies including hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy, conventional transarterial chemoembolization, drug-eluting-bead transarterial chemoembolization, and radioembolization have ...
Asavapanumas Nithi - - 2014
Animal models of neuromyelitis optica (NMO) are needed for drug testing and evaluation of NMO disease pathogenesis mechanisms. We describe a novel passive-transfer model of NMO in which rats made seropositive for human anti-aquaporin-4 (AQP4) immunoglobulin G antibody (NMO-IgG) by intraperitoneal (IP) injections were subject to intracerebral needle injury. Following ...
Hanazono K K Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Hokkaido, - - 2014
Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is a urinary bladder tumour associated with high mortality in dogs. In this study, we investigated the feasibility of using p63, Ki67 or β-catenin as a clinical marker for predicting biological behaviour and prognosis in canine TCC. Expression levels of these proteins in TCC (n = 25), polypoid ...
Yang Peng P Institute for Health Informatics, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China, - - 2014
A key purpose of electronic medical records (EMR) introduced in medical institutions is to improve work efficiency. The average length of stay (LOS) is just an important indicator to evaluate work efficiency of medical care in hospitals. Recently, there have been reports about effects of EMR application on LOS in ...
Zhang Xing-Mao XM Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College, 17 Panjiayuan Nanli, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100021, - - 2014
This study was designed to explore the influence of intra-operative perforation on prognosis of low rectal cancer after APR and to investigate the risk factors of perforation. Perforation is not scarce during the procedure of abdominoperineal resection (APR). There is no consensus on perforation rate and related risk factor for ...
Bonoan Rachael E RE Department of Biology, Tufts University, 163 Packard Ave, Medford, MA, - - 2014
Eusocial insects are distinguished by their elaborate cooperative behavior and are sometimes defined as superorganisms. As a nest-bound superorganism, individuals work together to maintain favorable nest conditions. Residing in temperate environments, honey bees (Apis mellifera) work especially hard to maintain brood comb temperature between 32 and 36 °C. Heat shielding is ...
Liang Hai Dong HD Hands and Feet Microsurgery, The Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, 116023, People's Republic of - - 2014
To explore the mechanism of soybean isoflavones (SI) on OVX-induced osteoporosis, we investigated the effect of SI on Wnt signaling that emerged as a novel key pathway for promoting bone formation. Results showed that SI decreased bone mineral elements loss, improved biomechanics parameters in OVX rats. Wnt3a activation can promote ...
Cook Daniel - - 2014
Swainsonine, an indolizidine alkaloid with significant physiological activity, is an α-mannosidase and mannosidase II inhibitor that alters glycoprotein processing and causes lysosomal storage disease. Swainsonine is present in a number of plant species worldwide and causes severe toxicosis in livestock grazing these plants. Consumption of these plants by grazing animals ...
Ghorbel Manel M Laboratoire de Ressources Minérales Et Environnement (RME), Tunis El Manar University, 2020, Tunis, Tunisia, - - 2014
This work presents a modeling approach to simulate spatial distribution of metal contamination in aerosols with evaluation of health hazard. This approach offers the advantage to be non-intrusive, less expensive than sampling and laboratory analyses. It was applied to assess the impact of metal-bearing dust from mining wastes on air ...
Grosset Jean-Francois JF CNRS UMR 7338, Biomécanique et Bioingénierie, Université de Technologie de Compiègne, 60205, Compiègne cedex, France, - - 2014
This study compared the effects of low vs. high intensity training on tendon properties in an elderly population. Participants were pair-matched (gender, habitual physical activity, anthropometrics, and baseline knee extension strength) and then randomly assigned to low (LowR, i.e., ~40 % 1RM) or high (High R, i.e., ~80 % 1RM) intensity resistance ...
Park Jason Y JY Department of Pathology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Children's Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA; Eugene McDermott Center for Human Growth and Development, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2014
Commercial chemiluminescent reagents emit across a broad portion of the electromagnetic spectrum (400-500 nm). A challenge to the use of chemiluminescence to monitor biological processes is the presence of interfering substances in the biological optical window. In the present study, longer wavelength emitting fluorophores (the organic dyes Alexa 568 and Alexa ...
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