Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 2894
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Kim Seok-Mo - - 2014
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is associated with a high incidence of regional node metastasis, but the patterns of lateral neck node metastasis (LNM) vary. Occasionally, a solitary LNM (SLNM) is seen in PTC patients. We therefore assessed whether selective single level node dissection is appropriate in PTC patients with SLNM. ...
Tekin Neslihan N Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry Division, Faculty of Arts and Science, Aksaray University, Aksaray, Turkey, - - 2014
We evaluated the effects of dipyrido [3,2-a:2',3'-c] phenazine (dppz) Au(III) complex ([Au(dppz)Cl2]Cl) on apoptosis during chemically induced hepatocellular carcinoma. 48 male Spraque-Dawley rats were divided into six groups; group I (control), group II [Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)], group III ([Au(dppz)Cl2]Cl), group IV [diethylnitrosamine + Phenobabital (DEN + PB)], group V (DEN + PB + [Au(dppz)Cl2]Cl (2nd week)), and group ...
Cai Jun - - 2014
Cases with brain tumor and subdural hematoma are rare; surgical management of the elderly patients with a glioblastoma multiform (GBM) and a chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) can be intractable.Case description: We report a 77-year-old patient, who had a left front lobe GBM and a giant, calcified, left frontoparietaloccipitotemporal CSDH. The ...
Kumagai Shogo S Department of Hematology, Tazuke Kofukai Medical Research Institute, Kitano Hospital, Osaka, - - 2014
The prognosis of follicular lymphoma (FL) is significantly associated with host immunity and tumor microenvironment. Lymphopenia has been identified as a negative prognostic factor for FL. The association between monocytosis and progression-free survival (PFS) in FL remains controversial. It is unknown whether the ratio of peripheral blood absolute lymphocyte count ...
Glise Kristina - - 2014
Both mental and somatic symptoms are commonly reported in patients with stress-related problems. We have explored the prevalence of somatic symptoms in patients seeking medical care for stress-related mental health problems and followed the course of illnes alongside with that the patients receive multimodal treatment. This study comprises data from ...
Grände Gustaf - - 2014
Migraine attacks occur spontaneously in those who suffer from the condition, but migraine-like attacks can also be induced artificially by a number of substances. Previously published evidence makes the meninges a likely source of migraine related pain. This article investigates the effect of several vasodilators on meningeal arteries in order ...
Takehara Yusuke - - 2014
We report an extremely rare case of resection of localized biphasic malignant peritoneal mesothelioma of the transverse colon.Case report: Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in a 72-year-old man showed a tumor with enhanced borders consistent with the transverse colon. Colonoscopy showed ulcerative lesions in the transverse colon, but histological ...
Golder Su S Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD), University of York, York, - - 2014
Research indicates that the methods used to identify data for systematic reviews of adverse effects may need to differ from other systematic reviews. To compare search methods in systematic reviews of adverse effects with other reviews. The search methodologies in 849 systematic reviews of adverse effects were compared with other ...
Zhang Yi Y Department of Surgery, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Jianghan University, Wuhan, 430300, Hubei, - - 2014
A consistent positive association between cigarette smoking and the human esophageal cancer has been confirmed all over the world. However, details in the association need to be more focused on and be identified. Recently, aberrantly expressed microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to be promising biomarkers for understanding the tumorigenesis of ...
Sotiriou E E First Dermatology Department, Medical Schoool, Aristotle University Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Actinic damage is responsible for the development of multiple, recurrent non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), including actinic keratoses (AKs). Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and imiquimod cream (IMIQ) 5% are recommended as field-directed treatment options. To compare efficacy and safety of methyl aminolevulinate (MAL)-PDT vs. IMIQ 5% in the prevention of new NMSCs ...
Feng Ling L Laboratoire Géomatériaux et Environnement (LGE), Université Paris-Est, EA 4508, 77454, Marne la Vallée, - - 2014
The electrochemical degradation of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ketoprofen in tap water has been studied using electro-Fenton (EF) and anodic oxidation (AO) processes with platinium (Pt) and boron-doped diamond (BDD) anodes and carbon felt cathode. Fast degradation of the parent drug molecule and its degradation intermediates leading to complete mineralization ...
Goettel Wolfgang - - 2014
Variation in seed oil composition and content among soybean varieties is largely attributed to differences in transcript sequences and/or transcript accumulation of oil production related genes in seeds. Discovery and analysis of sequence and expression variations in these genes will accelerate soybean oil quality improvement. In an effort to identify ...
Xue Jun J Cancer Center, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430022, P.R. - - 2014
Microglial activation has been suggested to be associated with the incidence of radiation-induced brain injury. The present study investigated the molecular mechanism(s) involved in radiation-induced activation of the microglia. Mouse microglial BV-2 cells were exposed to different doses of radiation. The release of inflammatory factors was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent ...
D'Ascenzo Fabrizio F Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Città Della Salute e Della Scienza, Turin, - - 2014
Aims: To establish the cardioprotective effect of remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC) in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results: Pubmed (MEDLINE), Cochrane and Embase were systematically searched for randomised controlled trials of RIPC in patients undergoing PCI. Periprocedural myocardial infarction (PMI) was the primary endpoint (defined as troponin ...
Nakagishi Yasuo Y Department of Pediatric Rheumatology, Hyogo Prefectural Kobe Children's Hospital , Kobe, Hyogo , - - 2014
Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) is a severe and potential life-threatening complication of childhood systemic inflammatory disorders. Corticosteroids are commonly used as the first-line therapy for MAS. We report four patients with MAS who were successfully treated with dexamethasone palmitate (DexP), a liposome-incorporated dexamethasone, much more efficient than free corticosteroids. DexP ...
Mostafa Nael M NM Research and Development, AbbVie Inc., One N. Waukegan Road, North Chicago, IL, 60064, USA, - - 2014
A pharmacokinetic substudy was conducted within a phase 3 clinical trial that evaluated the efficacy and safety of two leuprolide acetate 3-month depot formulations in children with central precocious puberty (CPP), where the pharmacokinetics of leuprolide and the exposure-response relationship between leuprolide concentration and the probability of luteinizing hormone (LH) ...
Shimwela Meshack - - 2014
Asthma is a common chronic disease of childhood that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among secondary school pupils in urban and rural areas of coast districts of Tanzania. The study also aimed to describe pupils' perception towards asthma, and to ...
Lindquist Barbro B Department of Habilitation, Halmstad County Hospital, Halmstad, - - 2014
The objective was to analyze quality of life in a very long-term follow-up study of now adult individuals, treated for hydrocephalus (without spina bifida) during infancy. The entire series was population-based, and the subgroup under study consisted of the 29 individuals without intellectual disability, who consented to participate. About one ...
Zhang Chunzhi C The Institute of Vegetables and Flowers, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhongguancunnandajie 12, 100081, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Ph-3 is the first cloned tomato gene for resistance to late blight and encodes a CC-NBS-LRR protein. Late blight, caused by Phytophthora infestans, is one of the most destructive diseases in tomato. The resistance (R) gene Ph-3, derived from Solanum pimpinellifolium L3708, provides resistance to multiple P. infestans isolates and ...
Martin Emily A K EA a Animal Health Laboratory , University of Guelph , Guelph , Ontario , - - 2014
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was detected in 185 samples originating from chicken flocks of various commodity groups in Canada. Flocks with clinical signs such as respiratory challenge, sudden death, egg production problems, or nephropathogenic conditions, and randomly selected flocks sampled at slaughter as part of an Ontario broiler surveillance project, ...
Zea-Sevilla María Ascensión MA Alzheimer Disease Research Unit, CIEN Foundation, Alzheimer Center Reina Sofia Foundation, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, - - 2014
Sleep disorders are very prevalent in Parkinson's disease (PD) and include a diversity of disturbances. Rating scales and questionnaires are widely used to assess the presence and severity of the sleep disorders. The objective is to review rating scales and questionnaires used for assessment of sleep disorders in PD. To ...
Hansen Melissa V MV Department of Surgery, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Herlev Ringvej 75, 2730, Herlev, Denmark, - - 2014
Depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances are known problems in patients with breast cancer. The effect of melatonin as an antidepressant in humans with cancer has not been investigated. We investigated whether melatonin could lower the risk of depressive symptoms in women with breast cancer in a three-month period after surgery ...
Pinzón-Olejua Alejandro - - 2014
As a consequence of gene/genome duplication, the RTN4/Nogo gene has two counterparts in zebrafish: rtn4a and rtn4b. The shared presence of four specific amino acid motifs--M1 to M4--in the N-terminal region of mammalian RTN4, and zebrafish Rtn4b suggests that Rtn4b is the closest homologue of mammalian Nogo-A. To explore their ...
Gilman Jodi M JM Center for Addiction Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Substance use disorder is characterized by a transition from volitional to compulsive responding for drug reward. A possible explanation for this transition may be that alcohol-dependent patients (ADP) show a general propensity for a history of rewarded instrumental responses, and these rewarded responses may boost the activation of motivational neurocircuitry ...
Plaat Boudewijn E C BE Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, P.O. Box 30001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Endoscopic sheaths covering the laryngoscope are advised to prevent cross contamination, but might hamper visualization as the most important tool in the diagnostic approach of laryngeal disease. We evaluated whether endoscopic sheaths change image quality and diagnostic accuracy of flexible distal chip laryngoscopy (DCL) and flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopy (FOL). Twelve ...
Schmartz Patrick C PC Chemistry Department, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland. schmartz@oci.uzh.ch kabu@oci.uzh.ch khadeed@oci.uzh.ch - - 2014
Vancomycin is an important nosocomial antibiotic containing a glycosylated, cross-linked and doubly chlorinated heptapeptide backbone. During the biosynthesis of the vancomycin aglycone, two β-hydroxytyrosine (Bht) residues are inserted at positions-2 and -6 into the heptapeptide backbone by a non-ribosomal peptide synthetase. A single flavin-dependent chlorinase (VhaA) is responsible for chlorinating ...
Louis Elan D ED GH Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA, - - 2014
Although the number of postmortem studies in essential tremor (ET) has grown in recent years, clinical-pathological correlations remain limited. We are unaware of a study that has assessed whether the pathological changes in ET, if asymmetric, lateralize to the cerebellar hemisphere that is ipsilateral to the arm with more severe ...
Carranza Christian L - - 2014
Coronary artery bypass grafting using the radial artery has, since the 1990s, gone through a revival. Observational studies have indicated better long-term patency when using radial arteries. Therefore, radial artery might be preferred especially in younger patients where long time patency is important. During the last 10 years different endoscopic ...
Suppo Jean-Simon JS Institut Charles Gerhardt Montpellier (ICGM), UMR 5253 CNRS-UM2-UM1-ENSCM, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie, 8 Rue de l'Ecole Normale, 34296 Montpellier Cedex 5 - - 2014
A mild, practical, and simple procedure for peptide-bond formation is reported. Instead of activation of the carboxylic acid functionality, the reaction involves an unprecedented use of activated α-aminoesters. The method provides a straightforward entry to dipeptides and was effective when a sensitive cysteine residue was used, as no epimerization was ...
Woodward Aniek - - 2014
Technological innovations have the potential to strengthen human resources for health and improve access and quality of care in challenging 'post-conflict' contexts. However, analyses on the adoption of technology for health (that is, 'e-health') and whether and how e-health can strengthen a health workforce in these settings have been limited ...
Onono Maricianah A - - 2014
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that HIV-infected women practice exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first 6 months postpartum to reduce HIV transmission. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of HIV/AIDS knowledge and other psychosocial factors on EBF practice among pregnant and postpartum women in rural ...
Pabalan Noel N School of Natural Sciences and Nursing, Saint Louis University, 2600, Baguio City, - - 2014
Reported associations of capsaicin with gastric cancer development have been conflicting. Here, we examine 10 published articles that explore these associations using 2,452 cases and 3,996 controls. We used multiple search strategies in MEDLINE through PubMed to seek for suitable articles that had case-control design with gastric cancer as outcome. ...
Pellegrino P P Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University Hospital "Luigi Sacco", Università di Milano, Via GB Grassi 74, 20157, Milan, - - 2014
Bacterial meningitis is an important source of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Data exist on specific vaccines against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis indicating that they reduce the incidence of meningitis, yet comprehensive information on the trend of bacterial meningitis is still lacking. We analysed the Kids' Inpatient Database and the ...
Bazarek Stanley S Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, The Chicago Medical School at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 3333 Green Bay Road, North Chicago, IL, - - 2014
There is little cell replacement following neurological injury, limiting the regenerative response of the CNS. Progress in understanding the biology of neural stem cells has raised interest in using stem cells for replacing neurons lost to injury or to disease. Stem cell therapy may also have a role in rebuilding ...
Zuo Wu W Ministry of Education of Key Laboratory of Energy Thermal Conversion and Control, School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, China, - - 2014
To research the impact of adding sawdust on top phase oil, a sewage sludge and poplar sawdust co-pyrolysis experiment was performed in a fixed bed. Gas chromatography (GC)/mass spectrometry (MS) was used to analyze the component distribution of top phase oil. Higher heating value, viscosity, water content, and pH of ...
Zhang Ying Y Laboratory of Materials Science, Shanghai Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 345 Lingling Road, Shanghai 200032 (China), Fax: - - 2014
The construction of supramolecular systems in aqueous media is still a great challenge owing to the limited sources of building blocks. In this study, a series of 4-aryl-N-methylpyridinium derivatives have been synthesized. They formed very stable host-guest (1:2) complexes with CB[8] in water (binding constants up to 10(14)  M(-2) ) ...
Ma Maggie Kam Man MK Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, - - 2014
Chronotropic incompetence (CI) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular events and overall mortality. The prevalence and significance of CI in renal transplant patient has not been examined. 38 non-heart failure renal transplant recipients were recruited for a transthoracic echocardiogram and treadmill stress test using the modified Bruce protocol. 15 patients ...
Wang Peng P Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, USA. - - 2014
A series of five-coordinate M(II)-semiquinonate (M = Fe, Mn, Co) complexes were synthesized and characterized, including the first example of a mononuclear Fe(II)-semiquinonate. Intermediates were observed in the reactions of M(II)-phenSQ (M = Fe, Co) with O2. Evidence for the relevance of these intermediates to the intradiol catechol dioxygenases was ...
Ramos José M JM Department of Internal Medicine, Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, C/Pintor Baeza, 12, 03010, Alicante, Spain, - - 2014
Older patients referred for further investigation of pancytopenia is common in internal medicine and geriatric clinics and it is important to consider a wide range of underlying diagnoses. We present an unusual case of febrile pancytopenia in a nonagenarian who was diagnosed with visceral leishmaniasis. This is a rare and ...
Khampieng Thitikan T a Center of Excellence on Petrochemical and Materials Technology (PETROMAT), The Petroleum Petrochemical College, Chulalongkorn University , Bangkok 10330 , - - 2014
Silver nanoparticle (nAg)-embedded poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP) hydrogels, to be used as antibacterial wound dressings, were prepared by γ-irradiation at various doses: 25, 35, and 45 kGy. The formation and characteristics of the silver nanoparticles were investigated with a UV-vis spectrophotometer, transmission electron microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray. The ...
Vik Rita R Department of Clinical Science, University of Bergen, 5020, Bergen, Norway, - - 2014
Amount and type of dietary protein have been shown to influence blood lipids. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of a water-soluble fraction of chicken protein (CP) on plasma and hepatic lipid metabolism in normolipidemic rats. Male Wistar rats were fed either a control diet with 20 % w/w ...
Kaseda Kaoru - - 2014
Ocular sebaceous carcinoma is an uncommon, aggressive ocular neoplasm with potential for regional and distant metastasis. A 77-year-old woman was found to have a solitary pulmonary lesion 6 years after the initial treatment of sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid. Video-assisted lung wedge resection of an undetermined pulmonary nodule was carried ...
Ouyang Yabo Y Beijing You An Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100069, - - 2014
The genetic evolution of HIV-1 in the central nervous system (CNS) is different from that in peripheral tissues. We analyzed 121 clonal sequences of the V3-V5 regions of the env gene generated from paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma samples from nine chronically infected patients (four with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder ...
Rosa Marlene Cristina MC Department of Health Sciences (Secção Autónoma de Ciências da Saúde - SACS), University of Aveiro , Aveiro , Portugal - - 2014
Abstract Purpose: To determine the validity of walking speed, muscle strength, function of the hemiparetic lower limb and self-perceived balance to predict and discriminate independent community walkers (ICW) within the first 6 months post-stroke. Methods: Inpatients with a first ischemic stroke (<3 months), able to walk, were evaluated (T0) and ...
Kon Kenichi K Catalysis Research Center, Hokkaido University, N-21, W-10, Sapporo 001-0021 (Japan), Fax: - - 2014
Pt and MoOx co-loaded TiO2 is found to be highly effective for direct methylation of aliphatic and aromatic secondary amines by CO2 and H2 under solvent-free conditions. This is the first additive-free and reusable heterogeneous catalytic system with acceptable turnover number.
Frevel D D CaritasKrankenhaus Bad Mergentheim GmbH, Neurology, Bad Mergentheim, Germany - - - 2014
Balance disorders are common in multiple sclerosis. Aim of the study is to investigate the effectiveness of an Internet-based home training program (eTraining) to improve balance in patients with multiple sclerosis. A randomized, controlled study. Academic teaching hospital in cooperation with the therapeutic riding center Gut Üttingshof, Bad Mergentheim. Eighteen ...
Yao Qi-Wei QW School of Stomatology, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, People's Republic of - - 2014
The objective is to evaluate the association of periodontal disease with the risk of oral cancer. Literature retrieval, selection and assessment, data extraction, and meta-analyses were performed according to the RevMan 5.0 guidelines. In the meta-analysis, we utilized random-effect model to pool the odds ratio (OR) according to the test ...
Hammar J J Institute of Freshwater Research, Department of Aquatic Resources, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Stångholmsvägen 2, SE-178 93 Drottningholm, Sweden; Science Branch, Department of Fisheries and Oceans, P.O. Box 5667, St John's, NL, A1C 5X1, - - 2014
The Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus species complex has been shown to be exceptionally vulnerable to rapid abiotic and biotic changes. Salvelinus alpinus, however, inhabit environmental extremes ranging from lakes and rivers in the High Arctic to deep multi-fish species lakes far outside the polar region. Long-term responses to post-glacial environmental ...
Raposo Catarina C Department of Neurobiology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, - - 2014
Inadequate axonal regeneration is a common phenomenon occurring following acute injury to the central nervous system (CNS), and is often associated with permanent neurological deficits. The injured axons attempting to regenerate face the inhospitable environment of the CNS scar, which can hinder axonal growth and sprouting. In addition, in response ...
Bryce Steven M SM Litron Laboratories, Rochester, New - - 2014
The specificity of in vitro mammalian cell genotoxicity assays is low, as they yield a high incidence of positive results that are not observed in animal genotoxicity and carcinogenicity tests, that is, "misleading" or "irrelevant" positives. We set out to develop a rapid and effective follow-up testing strategy that would ...
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