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Pang Gang G College of Material Science & Engineering and Key Laboratory for Intelligent Nano Materials and Devices of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing, 210016, P. R. China. - - 2014
A new solvothermal strategy combined with calcination has been developed to synthesize NaTi2(PO4)3-graphene nanocomposites. X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were performed to characterize their microstructures and morphologies. It was found that NASICON-type structured NaTi2(PO4)3 nanoparticles with highly crystallinity were homogeneously anchored on the ...
Tonnelier Arnaud A INRIA, 655 avenue de l'Europe, Montbonnot, 38334 , Saint Ismier, France, - - 2014
Many biological oscillators have a cyclic structure consisting of negative feedback loops. In this paper, we analyze the impact that the addition of a positive or a negative self-feedback loop has on the oscillatory behavior of the three negative feedback oscillators proposed by Tsai et al. (Science 231:126-129, 2008) where, ...
Li Guicai G Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Neuroregeneration, Nantong University, 226001, Nantong, P.R. - - 2014
To address the effect of chitosan micropatterning on nerve regeneration, two sizes of parallel microstripes of chitosan are fabricated on the surface of coverslips using a micromodeling method. The morphology of the prepared polydimethylsiloxane stamps and chitosan micropatterning is observed by scanning electron microscopy and the wettability of the prepared ...
Kuric Enida E Laboratory for Experimental Brain Research, Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, BMC A13, S-22184, Lund, - - 2014
The activation of inflammatory cascades in the ischemic hemisphere impairs mechanisms of tissue reorganization with consequences for recovery of lost neurological function. Recruitment of T-cell populations to the post-ischemic brain occurs and represents a significant part of the inflammatory response. This study was conducted to investigate if treatment with levodopa, ...
Apouey Bénédicte B Paris School of Economics, Paris, - - 2014
This paper examines the existence of social interactions in malaria preventive behaviors in Sub-Saharan Africa, that is, whether an individual's social environment has an influence on the individual's preventive behaviors. We focus on the two population groups which are the most vulnerable to malaria (children under 5 years and pregnant women) ...
Chong Hye In HI Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Pusan National University, Yangsan-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, Republic of - - 2014
The S100A4 protein, a member of the S100 family of calcium-binding proteins, has been considered as a candidate prognostic marker in patients with cancer. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prognostic value of S100A4 and to examine its correlation with the clinicopathological parameters and the overall survival and ...
Kriwalsky Marcus Stephan MS Department of Oral and Plastic Maxillofacial Surgery, Ruhr-University Bochum, In der Schornau 23-25, 44892, Bochum, Germany, - - 2014
Severe hemorrhages of the oral cavity may be caused by arteriovenous malformations. This case report concerns a 52-year-old healthy female who presented with a painful lower third molar and an extensive arteriovenous high-flow malformation of the floor of the right side of the mouth. During the extraction of the right ...
Katodritou Eirini E Greek Myeloma Study Group, Athens, Greece; Department of Hematology, Theagenio Cancer Hospital, Thessaloniki, - - 2014
Solitary plasmacytoma (SP) is a rare plasma cell dyscrasia characterized by the presence of bone or extramedullary plasma cell tumors. The treatment of choice is local radiotherapy (R/T) ± surgical excision. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy (C/T) or novel agents (NA) is uncertain. Data related to prognostic factors are inconclusive. ...
Hodges Laura M LM Department of Psychiatry and Institute for Human Genetics, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Panic disorder (PD) is a debilitating anxiety disorder characterized by episodes of intense fear with autonomic and psychological symptoms that lead to behavioral impairment. A convergence of genetic and biological evidence implicates gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor subunits on chromosome 15q12 as candidate genes for PD. This study investigated 120 ...
Chen Chenlong C NSC Taiwan Consortium of Emergent Crystalline Materials, Department of Materials and Optoelectronic Science, National Sun Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung, 80424, Taiwan, Republic of China. - - 2014
Crystallographically aligned GaN nanobelt arrays were synthesized through a hybrid process of Au-assisted nucleation followed by non-Au-assisted anisotropy vapor-solid growth on a (100) γ-LiAlO2 substrate. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on aligned GaN nanobelts.
Chaudhuri Maitri M Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Manipal Hospital, 98 Old Airport Road, Bangalore, 560017, Karnataka, India, - - 2014
A 36-hour-old term neonate presented with refractory cardiogenic shock and multi-organ dysfunction. On suspecting coarctation of aorta, intravenous prostaglandin was started but without any benefit. Echocardiography revealed isolated anomalous origin of right pulmonary artery from ascending aorta causing massive aortic steal, supra-systemic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), multi-organ dysfunction and right ...
Ho Hee Hwa HH Department of Cardiology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 11 Jalan Tan Tock Seng, Singapore, 308433, Singapore, - - 2014
Drug-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) is a revolutionary treatment option for obstructive coronary artery disease in percutaneous coronary intervention. It restores blood flow to the myocardium but unlike permanent metallic stent, BVS dissolves in the body within 2 years. This allows the coronary vessel to regain its normal function and motion. ...
Wu Qiuli Q Key Laboratory of Developmental Genes and Human Disease in Ministry of Education, Medical School of Southeast University, Nanjing 210009, China. - - 2014
Graphene oxide (GO) shows great promise as a nanomaterial for medical applications; however, the mechanism for its long-term adverse effects is still largely unclear. Here, we show that chronic GO exposure not only caused damage on the function of both primary and secondary targeted organs but also induced severe accumulation ...
Elo Irma T IT Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA, 19104, USA, - - 2014
Rates of prematurity (PTB) and small-for-gestational age (SGA) were compared between US-born and foreign-born non-Hispanic black women. Comparisons were also made between Sub-Saharan African-born and Caribbean-born black women and by maternal country of birth within the two regions. Comparisons were adjusted for sociodemographic, health behavioral and medical risk factors available ...
Zhou Yadong - - 2014
Using electrodynamics theory, we numerically demonstrated that when the incident light polarization direction is parallel to a silver rod axis, the modes that are forbidden in a fully illuminated silver rod can be excited when the rod is partially illuminated. The modes are excited due to the symmetry breaking of ...
Ruby Christina L CL 1] Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN [2] Department of Biology, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, - - 2014
Circadian rhythm and sleep disruptions occur frequently in individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUD) and present significant barriers to treatment. Recently, a variant of adenosine transporter, equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (ENT1), was associated with the co-occurrence of sleep problems and AUD. We have previously shown that mice lacking ENT1 (ENT1 ...
Daniel Yvonne Y Red Cell Centre, Special Haematology, Guys & St Thomas Hospital, GSTS Pathology, London, - - 2014
National antenatal screening of all pregnant women in England is carried out using standards and guidelines produced by the National Health Service Sickle Cell and Thalassaemia Screening Programme. The algorithms for detection of beta thalassaemia carrier status rely on action criteria, which are set using the percentage Hb A2 and ...
Martin Emily A K EA a Animal Health Laboratory , University of Guelph , Guelph , Ontario , - - 2014
Infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was detected in 185 samples originating from chicken flocks of various commodity groups in Canada. Flocks with clinical signs such as respiratory challenge, sudden death, egg production problems, or nephropathogenic conditions, and randomly selected flocks sampled at slaughter as part of an Ontario broiler surveillance project, ...
Kamimura Akiko A Department of Sociology, University of Utah, 380 S 1530 E, Salt Lake City, UT, 84112, USA, - - 2014
Free clinics provide free primary care to the under or uninsured and have been playing an important role in serving the socio-economically disadvantaged. Free clinic patients represent a group of people who experience significant barriers to receiving diabetes prevention and intervention. This study examined diabetes attitudes among free clinic patients ...
Alia Shaun M SM Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716 (USA), Fax: (+1) 302-831-1048; Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA 92521 - - 2014
Palladium (PdNTs) and gold nanotubes (AuNTs) were synthesized by the galvanic displacement of silver nanowires. PdNTs and AuNTs have wall thicknesses of 6 nm, outer diameters of 60 nm, and lengths of 5-10 and 5-20 μm, respectively. Rotating disk electrode experiments showed that the PdNTs and AuNTs have higher area normalized activities for ...
Kim Donghyuk D Department of Chemistry, University of Minnesota, 207 Pleasant Street SE, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA. - - 2014
Microfluidic sensing platforms facilitate parallel, low sample volume detection using various optical signal transduction mechanisms. Herein, we introduce a simple mixing microfluidic device, enabling serial dilution of introduced analyte solution that terminates in five discrete sensing elements. We demonstrate the utility of this device with on-chip fluorescence and surface-enhanced Raman ...
Lin Yueqiong Y School of Economics and Management, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, - - 2014
In clinical studies, multiple comparisons of several treatments to a control with ordered categorical responses are often encountered. A popular statistical approach to analyzing the data is to use the logistic regression model with the proportional odds assumption. As discussed in several recent research papers, if the proportional odds assumption ...
Beale Sophie S Liverpool Reviews and Implementation Group, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2014
Search filters or hedges are search strategies developed to assist information specialists and librarians to retrieve different types of evidence from bibliographic databases. The objectives of this project were to learn about searchers' filter use, how searchers choose search filters and what information they would like to receive to inform ...
Ginde Salil S Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9000 W. Wisconsin Avenue, MS 713, Milwaukee, WI, 53226, USA, - - 2014
Previous adult heart transplantation studies have demonstrated that donor-recipient human leukocyte antigen (HLA) matching results in reduced graft failure and improved patient survival. No study has examined these effects in children. This study investigated the effect of HLA matching on outcomes in pediatric heart transplantation. All pediatric heart transplantation data ...
Sun Bingyun - - 2014
The advent of proteomics technology has transformed our understanding of biological membranes. The challenges for studying membrane proteins have inspired the development of many analytical and bio-analytical tools, and the techniques of glycoproteomics have emerged as an effective means to enrich and characterize membrane and plasma-membrane proteomes. This review summarizes ...
Kang Hongjun H Key Laboratory of PLA, Department of Orthopaedics, Chinese PLA General Hospital, No. 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing, 100853, - - 2014
The present study aims to investigate the feasibility of tissue-engineered cartilage constructed in vivo and in vitro by dynamically culturing adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) with an articular cartilage acellular matrix in a bioreactor and subsequently implanting the cartilage in nude mice. ADSCs were proliferated, combined with three dimensional scaffolds (cell ...
Shihab Fuad S FS Division of Nephrology, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Tacrolimus exposure and renal function data to 36 months post-transplant were analyzed from the prospective, observational Mycophenolic acid Observational REnal transplant (MORE) registry in which de novo kidney transplant patients were managed according to local practice. Tacrolimus trough (C0 ) concentration at month 12 was stratified as low (<6ng/mL), moderate ...
Pabalan Noel N School of Natural Sciences and Nursing, Saint Louis University, 2600, Baguio City, - - 2014
Reported associations of capsaicin with gastric cancer development have been conflicting. Here, we examine 10 published articles that explore these associations using 2,452 cases and 3,996 controls. We used multiple search strategies in MEDLINE through PubMed to seek for suitable articles that had case-control design with gastric cancer as outcome. ...
Zea-Sevilla María Ascensión MA Alzheimer Disease Research Unit, CIEN Foundation, Alzheimer Center Reina Sofia Foundation, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid, - - 2014
Sleep disorders are very prevalent in Parkinson's disease (PD) and include a diversity of disturbances. Rating scales and questionnaires are widely used to assess the presence and severity of the sleep disorders. The objective is to review rating scales and questionnaires used for assessment of sleep disorders in PD. To ...
Nasution A K AK Faculty of Biosciences and Medical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, 81310, Malaysia; Faculty of Engineering, Muhammadiyah University of Riau, Pekanbaru, - - 2014
This article describes the development of a partially degradable metal bone pin, proposed to minimize the occurrence of bone refracture by avoiding the creation of holes in the bone after pin removal procedure. The pin was made by friction welding and composed of two parts: the degradable part that remains ...
Davidson Ben B Department of Pathology, Oslo University Hospital, Norwegian Radium Hospital, N-0424, Oslo, Norway, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to investigate the expression and clinical role of the spindle checkpoint kinase budding uninhibited by benzimidazole 1 (Bub1) in primary and metastatic advanced-stage ovarian serous carcinoma. BUB1 mRNA expression was analyzed in 178 tumors (88 effusions, 38 primary carcinomas, and 52 solid metastases) from ...
Chen Jim-Ray JR Department of Pathology, Keelung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, 222 Maijin Road, Keelung, 204, Taiwan, - - 2014
Immunohistochemical expression of ERα, encoded by the ESR1 (estrogen receptor 1) gene located at 6q25.1, is the most important determinant of responsiveness to endocrine therapy in breast cancer. The prevalence and significance of ESR1 amplification in breast cancer remain controversial. We set out to assess ESR1 status and its relevance ...
Mastoraki Aikaterini A 4th Department of Surgery, Athens University Medical School, ATTIKON University Hospital, 1 Rimini str., Chaidari, 12462, Athens, Greece, - - 2014
Familial predisposition characterizes up to 10 % of the patients with pancreatic cancer (PC). Although many syndromes have been associated with an increased risk for PC, familial pancreatic cancer (FPC) accounts for the majority of hereditary cases. FPC is defined by families with at least a pair of first-degree relatives (FDRs) ...
Keller Tobias C TC Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zurich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1, 8093 Zurich (Switzerland), Fax: - - 2014
High-silica zeolites have been reported recently as efficient catalysts for liquid- and gas-phase condensation reactions because of the presence of a complementary source of basicity compared to Al-rich basic zeolites. Herein, we describe the controlled generation of these active sites on silica-rich FAU, BEA, and MFI zeolites. Through the application ...
Kang Wei W Department of Anatomical and Cellular Pathology, State Key Laboratory in Oncology in South China, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, P.R. - - 2014
Ribonucleotide reductase M2 subunit (RRM2) is one of the two subunits of human ribonucleotide reductase which plays a critical role in tumor progression. The aim of the present study was to analyze its expression, clinical significance and biological functions in gastric adenocarcinoma. We observed the upregulation of RRM2 mRNA and protein ...
Zheng Zhaoxi Z Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Medical Sciences, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, 280 South Chongqing Road, Shanghai, 200025, - - 2014
A rapid and sensitive liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for determination of Meserine ((-)-meptazinol phenylcarbamate), a novel potent inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), was developed, validated, and applied to a pharmacokinetic study in mice brain. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was 1 ng mL(-1) and the linear range was 1-1,000 ng mL(-1). The ...
Beane Joal D JD Surgery Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, - - 2014
This update of a randomized, prospective study presents the effect of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) on long-term overall survival, local control, and limb function following limb-sparing surgery (LSS) for the treatment extremity soft tissue sarcoma (STS). Following LSS, patients with extremity STS were randomized to receive EBRT or surgery ...
Ceelen Wim W Department of Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, Belgium, - - 2014
In selected patients with colorectal peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC), cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemoperfusion (HIPEC) may improve survival. We aimed to assess whether neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab is indicated in this patient population. Colorectal PC patients were treated with CRS and HIPEC using oxaliplatin (200-460 mg/m(2)) or mitomycin ...
Beitsch Peter D PD Dallas Breast Center and Dallas Surgical Group, Dallas, TX, - - 2014
Whether breast cancer surgeons are adequately trained, skilled, and experienced to provide breast cancer genetic assessment, testing, and counseling came under debate in September 2013 when a major third-party payer excluded nongenetics specialists from ordering such testing. A literature search having failed to uncover any study on breast surgeons' skill ...
Kanazawa Aiko - - 2014
The present paper deals with characterization of aminated glassy carbon electrode (GCE) surface obtained by electro-oxidation of ammonium carbamate in its aqueous solution (amination reaction) using electrochemical and XPS methods. From the XPS analysis, it was found that not only primary amine group (i.e., aniline-like aromatic amine moiety) but also ...
Edwards Angela A Department of Chemical, Biological and Bioengineering & NSF ERC for Revolutionizing Metallic Biomaterials, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, North - - 2014
Keratin-based composite nanofibers have been fabricated by an electrospinning technique. Aqueous soluble keratin extracted from human hair was successfully blended with poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) in different ratios and transformed into nanofibrous membranes. Toward the potential use of this nanofibrous membrane in tissue engineering, its physicochemical properties, such as morphology, mechanical strength, ...
Zhai Lei L State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
A Gram-positive, alkaliphilic bacterium, designated strain Zby6(T), was isolated from Zhabuye Lake in Tibet, China. The strain was able to grow at pH 8.0-11.0 (optimum at pH 10.0), in 0-8 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum at 3 %, w/v) and at 10-45 °C (optimum at 37 °C). Cells of the isolate were facultatively anaerobic and ...
Tokushima Takashi T RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Soft X-ray Spectroscopy Instrumentation Unit, Sayo-cho, Sayo, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan. - - 2014
Knowledge of hydrogen bonds is important in a wide range of scientific fields. However, information on the electronic state of hydrogen bonded molecules in liquids and solutions is still limited. We applied X-ray emission and absorption spectroscopy to observe the electronic state around oxygen of water and investigate the solvent ...
Smallenburg L C S LC Department of Pediatrics, Groene Hart Ziekenhuis, 2803 HH, Gouda, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Maternal pertussis-specific antibodies are passively acquired by infants during pregnancy. An IgG pertussis toxin (IgG-PT) concentration of >20 U/ml is considered to protect neonates against pertussis. To evaluate the IgG concentration at birth and during the first two months of life, we examined the IgG-PT concentration in the umbilical cord ...
Li X-D XD Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, 81 Meishan Road, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, People's Republic of - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate the risk factors of bacterial vaginosis (BV) among rural married women of childbearing age in Anhui Province of China. A cross-sectional study was conducted and the method of stratified cluster sampling was used to identify a sample of 53,652 married women aged ...
Pellegrino P P Unit of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, University Hospital "Luigi Sacco", Università di Milano, Via GB Grassi 74, 20157, Milan, - - 2014
Bacterial meningitis is an important source of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Data exist on specific vaccines against Streptococcus pneumoniae and Neisseria meningitidis indicating that they reduce the incidence of meningitis, yet comprehensive information on the trend of bacterial meningitis is still lacking. We analysed the Kids' Inpatient Database and the ...
Lin W H WH Institute of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, - - 2014
Understanding the pathogenesis of recurrent urinary tract infection (RUTI) and whether it is attributable to reinfection with a new strain or relapse with the primary infecting strain is of considerable importance. Because previous studies regarding community-acquired Klebsiella pneumoniae RUTI are inconclusive, we undertook this study to evaluate the characteristics of ...
Hutchins Kristin M - - 2014
Ag(I) is used to form a π-stacked metal-organic solid that exhibits remarkably high electrical conductivity. The solid undergoes a single-crystal-to-single-crystal [2+2] photodimerization to generate a 1D coordination polymer with over 40% higher conductivity. The Ag(I) complex represents the first example of an increase in conductivity resulting from a [2+2] photodimerization. ...
Foffa Davide D School of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Queens Road, Bristol, BS8 1RJ, UK, - - 2014
Pliosaurs were a long-lived, ubiquitous group of Mesozoic marine predators attaining large body sizes (up to 12 m). Despite much being known about their ecology and behaviour, the mechanisms they adopted for prey detection have been poorly investigated and represent a mystery to date. Complex neurovascular systems in many vertebrate rostra ...
Isene Rune R Department of Gastroenterology, Oslo University Hospital , Oslo , - - 2014
Abstract Background. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have proven an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), particularly when hospitalized. The estimate of the true risk varies considerably between studies, primarily due to differences in methodology. We set out to determine the incidence of VTE in a population-based European inception ...
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