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Xia Yang Y Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, 210000, - - 2014
The connection between microRNA expression and cancers has been identified, and microRNAs may be considered as important prognostic biomarkers. However, it is still inconsistent whether expression of let-7 can predict prognosis in patients with multiple cancers. A meta-analysis was performed by searching PubMed, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science databases. ...
Tuley Alfred A Department of Chemistry, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA. - - 2014
Using a mutant pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase-tRNA pair, 3-formyl-phenylalanine is genetically incorporated into proteins at amber mutation sites in Escherichia coli. This non-canonical amino acid readily reacts with hydroxylamine dyes, leading to rapid and site-selective protein labelling.
Lopez-Solis Roberto R Thomas E. Starzl Transplantation Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical - - 2014
In the setting of liver transplantation, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) may be used as an adjuvant therapy for immunosuppression to prevent graft rejection; however, its use may be limited due to severe gastrointestinal (GI) side-effects. In contrast, enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium (EC-MPS) may be associated with less severe side-effects and hence, better ...
Akhmat Ghulam G College of Public Administration, Huazhong University of Science and Technology (HUST), 1037, Luoyu Road, Wuhan, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
The objective of the study is to empirically examine the air pollution, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and low birth weight in Pakistan through the cointegration and error correction model over a 36-year time period, i.e., between 1975 and 2012. The study employed the Johansen cointegration technique to estimate the long-run ...
Donateo Antonio A Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e del Clima, ISAC-CNR, 73100, Lecce, Italy, - - 2014
In this work, an assessment of the impact of ship traffic and related harbour activities (loading/unloading of ships and hotelling in harbour) on PM 2.5 and particle number concentrations (PNC) separating the contribution associated to ship traffic from that of harbour-related activities is reported. Further, an assessment of the impact ...
Boucher-Jacobs Camille C Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Oklahoma, 101 Stephenson Parkway, Norman, OK, 73019, - - 2014
The development of sustainable chemical processes for the conversion of highly oxygenated biomass feedstocks to chemical products requires efficient and selective processes for partial oxygen removal and refunctionalization. Here we review the development of the deoxydehydration (DODH) reaction, which converts vicinal diols (glycols) to olefins. Uncatalyzed deoxygenative eliminations were first ...
Chan Kevin K S KK Department of Psychological Studies and Center for Psychosocial Health and Aging, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong - - 2014
For people with schizophrenia living in the community and receiving outpatient care, the issues of stigma and discrimination and dearth of recovery-oriented services remain barriers to recovery and community integration. The experience of self-stigma and unmet recovery needs can occur regardless of symptom status or disease process, reducing life satisfaction ...
Wang Guang-Zhi GZ Department of Intervention Radiology, Zhongshan Hospital Fudan University, No. 180 Fenglin Road, Xuhui, Shanghai, - - 2014
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) has been found effective in several types of cancer cells, including acute promyelocytic leukemia, and recently in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the role of ATO in regulating the invasive activity of HCC after transarterial embolization (TAE). Cell migration and invasion were observed using ...
Zhao Fei F Evidence Based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of adding viral vector-mediated gene therapy with herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSV-tk) to standard treatment, in comparison with standard treatment alone to treat patients with high-grade gliomas (HGGs). A literature search of the databases PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, ...
Austin A W AW Montreal Behavioural Medicine Centre, Hopital du Sacre-Coeur de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Department of Exercise Science, Concordia University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Research Centre, Hopital du Sacre-Coeur de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
To examine the associations of depressive symptoms with insulin resistance, evaluating somatic and cognitive depressive symptoms separately. A total of 328 individuals (mean age 60 years) referred for exercise stress testing, taking part in the Mechanisms and Outcomes of Silent Myocardial Ischemia study, completed the Beck Depression Inventory II. A ...
Garcia Neus N Unitat d'Histologia i Neurobiologia (UHN), Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Reus, - - 2014
To date, four subtypes of adenosine receptors have been cloned (A1 R, A2A R, A2B R, and A3 R). In a previous study we used confocal immunocytochemistry to identify A1 R and A2A R receptors at mouse neuromuscular junctions (NMJs). The data shows that these receptors are localized differently in ...
Smallenburg L C S LC Department of Pediatrics, Groene Hart Ziekenhuis, 2803 HH, Gouda, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Maternal pertussis-specific antibodies are passively acquired by infants during pregnancy. An IgG pertussis toxin (IgG-PT) concentration of >20 U/ml is considered to protect neonates against pertussis. To evaluate the IgG concentration at birth and during the first two months of life, we examined the IgG-PT concentration in the umbilical cord ...
Plotnik Meir M Laboratory for Gait and Neurodynamics, Movement Disorders Unit, Department of Neurology, Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel, - - 2014
Freezing of gait (FOG) is an episodic gait disturbance that is commonly seen in Parkinson's disease (PD). To date, treatment efficacy is limited. We tested the hypothesis that an intervention that utilizes motor learning provided through intensive cueing can alleviate this symptom. Fifteen subjects with PD suffering from FOG participated ...
Aldersley Michael F MF New York Center for Astrobiology and the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, 12180, USA, - - 2014
The montmorillonite-catalyzed reactions of the 5'-phosphorimidazolide of adenosine in the presence of fluoride were investigated to complete our study on the effect of salts on this type of reaction. Both anions and cations have been found to influence the oligomerization reactions of the activated nucleotides, being used here as a ...
Ramsay William J - - 2014
The binding of phosphine ligands to molybdenum sites on the faces of a supramolecular cube served to inhibit allosterically the encapsulation of a neutral or anionic guest. The edges of the cube also provided a distinct second allosteric site, where the binding of tetra-phenylborate also allosterically inhibited anion binding in ...
Naik Pooja - - 2014
Both active and passive tobacco smoke (TS) potentially impair the vascular endothelial function in a causative and dose-dependent manner, largely related to the content of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nicotine, and pro-inflammatory activity. Together these factors can compromise the restrictive properties of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and trigger the pathogenesis/progression ...
Voorn Veronique Ma - - 2014
Despite evidence that erythropoietin and intra- and postoperative blood salvage are expensive techniques considered to be non-cost-effective in primary elective total hip and knee arthroplasties in the Netherlands, Dutch medical professionals use them frequently to prevent the need for allogeneic transfusion. To actually change physicians' practice, a tailored strategy aimed ...
Noonan Curtis W CW Center for Environmental Health Sciences, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Montana, Missoula, Montana, - - 2014
Libby, MT, USA, was the home to workers at a historical vermiculite mining facility and served as the processing and distribution center for this industrial product that was contaminated with amphibole asbestos. Several pathways of environmental asbestos exposure to the general population have been identified. The local clinic and health ...
Pathak Rakesh K RK NanoTherapeutics Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602 (USA), Fax: (+1) 706-542-9454 - - 2014
The ability to rationally design and construct a platform technology to develop new platinum(IV) [Pt(IV) ] prodrugs with functionalities for installation of targeting moieties, delivery systems, fluorescent reporters from a single precursor with the ability to release biologically active cisplatin by using well-defined chemistry is critical for discovering new platinum-based ...
Ahnia Hadjira H Laboratoire d'Ecologie Microbienne, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université de Bejaia, 06000, Bejaia, - - 2014
Fifty-one rhizobial strains isolated from root nodules of Cytisus villosus growing in Northeastern Algeria were characterized by genomic and phenotypic analyses. Isolates were grouped into sixteen different patterns by PCR-RAPD. The phylogenetic status of one representative isolate from each pattern was examined by multilocus sequence analyses of four housekeeping genes ...
Hofbauer Stefan - - 2014
Chlorite dismutases (Clds) are heme b containing prokaryotic oxidoreductases that catalyze the reduction of chlorite to chloride with concomitant release of molecular oxygen. Over time, they are irreversibly inactivated. In order to elucidate the mechanism of inactivation and investigate the role of the postulated intermediate hypochlorite, the pentameric chlorite dismutase ...
Flichman Diego M - - 2014
Transfusion-transmitted infections are a major problem associated with blood transfusion. The aim of this study was to determine prevalence and trends of HBV, HCV and HIV in blood donors in Argentina. A retrospective study was carried out in blood donors of 27 transfusion centers covering the whole country over a ...
Ko Yeong Hwan - - 2014
Vertically-grown ZnO nanorod arrays (NRAs) on indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated polyethylene terephthalate (PET), as a top electrode of nanogenerators, were investigated for the antireflective property as well as an efficient contact surface in bare polydimethysiloxane (PDMS)-based triboelectric nanogenerators. Compared to conventional ITO-coated PET (i.e., ITO/PET), the ZnO NRAs considerably suppressed ...
Kunisaki Yuya Y Ruth L. and David S. Gottesman Institute for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research, Bronx, NY, 10461, USA, - - 2014
The fate decision of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), quiescence, proliferation or differentiation, is uniquely determined by functionally specialized microenvironments defined as the HSC niches. However, whether quiescence and proliferation of HSCs are regulated by spatially distinct niches is unclear. Although various candidate stromal cells have been identified as potential niche ...
Zong Yang Y a College of Pharmacy, Dalian Medical University , Dalian 116044 , - - 2014
Three new phenolic constituents 1-3 were obtained from the 95% ethanol extract of the roots of Phyllodium pulchellum (Leguminosae). Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analyses, such as NMR, UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, and CD. Furthermore, in an in vitro bioassay, all compounds were tested for inhibitory effects ...
Wang Yanhua Y Department of Geriatrics, Peking University First Hospital, Xishiku Street No. 8, West District, Beijing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) are critically involved in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis by inducing the proliferation and transdifferentiation of lung fibroblasts. In the present study, we examined the impact of diallyl disulfide (DADS), a garlic-derived compound, on such pathological conditions. DADS showed profound inhibitory effects on ...
Li Xiao-Hong - - 2014
The water-mediated neutral hydrolysis mechanism of carbonyl sulfide (OCS) has been re-examined using the hybrid supramolecule/continuum models with n = 2 - 8 explicit water cluster at the level of MP2(fc)(CPCM)/6-311++G(d,p)//MP2(fc)(CPCM) /6-31+G (d). Present calculations indicate that the potential energy surface in water solution is different from the one in ...
Jones Whitney W Department of Pharmaceutical Services, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee; Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, - - 2014
Oral budesonide is commonly used for the management of Crohn's disease given its high affinity for glucocorticoid receptors and low systemic activity due to extensive first-pass metabolism through hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4. Voriconazole, a second-generation triazole antifungal agent, is both a substrate and potent inhibitor of CYP isoenzymes, specifically ...
Burti Juliana Schulze JS Department of Urology, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, - - 2014
To compare pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) performance in women with and without stress urinary incontinence (SUI) during endurance test. It is a prospective case-control clinical trial. After determining PFM maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) by electromyography (EMG), women underwent endurance test, which consisted of consecutively PFM 1-sec fast contractions reaching MVC ...
Stechert Christin C Institute of Environmental and Sustainable Chemistry, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Hagenring 30, 38106, Braunschweig, - - 2014
Many regions in Africa are currently being converted from subsistence to cash crop farming such as cotton. Agricultural intensification is usually accompanied by increased use of pesticides, which can have an impact on non-target organisms. Bats are particularly sensitive to insecticide loads while providing substantial ecosystem services as predators of ...
Liao Zheng-Gen ZG Key Laboratory of Modern Preparation of TCM of Ministry of Education, Jiangxi University of TCM, Nanchang, 330004, - - 2014
The root of Angelica dahurica (Radix Angelicae Dahuricae, RAD), which contains coumarins and volatile oil as its main classes of active components, is often given in conjunction with Pueraria root (Radix Puerariae, RP), which contains the phytoestrogen puerarin. The two herbs are considered to be compatible 'herb-pairs' in traditional Chinese ...
Khan Nazia N Department of Pharmaceutics , Faculty of Pharmacy, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi , - - 2014
Abstract Conventional eye drops are the most popular delivery systems in the treatment of various eye infections. However, the major problem encountered in these dosage forms is precorneal elimination of the drug, resulting in poor bioavailability and therapeutic response. To overcome the side effects of pulsed dosing, an attempt has ...
Rana Kuldeep - - 2014
The electrodes in lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are typically films that are arranged on metal foil current collectors with a thickness of several tens of µm. Here, we report on the preparation of a thick free-standing graphene film synthesized by CVD as an alternative to Cu foil as an anode current ...
Elitas Meltem M School of Life Sciences, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), 1015 Lausanne, - - 2014
Persistence of bacteria during antibiotic therapy is a widespread phenomenon, of particular importance in refractory mycobacterial infections such as leprosy and tuberculosis. Persistence is characterized by the phenotypic tolerance of a subpopulation of bacterial cells to antibiotics. Characterization of these "persister" cells is often difficult due to the transient, non-heritable ...
Rozniecka Ewa E Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, ul. Kasprzaka 44/52, 01-224 Warszawa, Poland. martinj@ichf.edu.pl - - 2014
There is a continuous need for the construction of detection systems in microfluidic devices. In particular, electrochemical detection allows the separation of signals from the analyte and interfering substances in the potential domain. Here, a simple microfluidic device for the sensitive and selective determination of dopamine in the presence of ...
Papavasiliou A A Sport Injuries Laboratory, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thermi, 54124, Thessaloniki, Greece, - - 2014
Specific patterns of developmental adaptation of the proximal femur have been recognized in some sports. Gymnastics are characterized by repetitive axial loading and hip rotations in combination with extreme hip positions. It is unknown how and if these forces can affect an immature skeleton in the long term. We sought ...
Hughes J T JT 1] Division of Medicine, Royal Darwin Hospital, Darwin, NT, Australia [2] Charles Darwin University, Menzies School of Health Research, Darwin, NT, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:To describe the development of a single-frequency bioimpedance prediction equation for fat-free mass (FFM) suitable for adult Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples with and without diabetes or indicators of chronic kidney disease (CKD).Subjects/Methods:FFM was measured by whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 147 adult Indigenous Australians. Height, weight, body circumference ...
Zamaleeva Alsu I - - 2014
Small-molecule chemical calcium (Ca2+) indicators are invaluable tools for studying intracellular signaling pathways but have severe shortcomings for detecting local Ca2+ entry. Nanobiosensors incorporating functionalized quantum dots (QDs) have emerged as a promising alternative, but their use to monitor intracellular processes is still a major challenge. We designed cell-penetrating FRET-based ...
Lin Yueqiong Y School of Economics and Management, Fuzhou University, Fuzhou, - - 2014
In clinical studies, multiple comparisons of several treatments to a control with ordered categorical responses are often encountered. A popular statistical approach to analyzing the data is to use the logistic regression model with the proportional odds assumption. As discussed in several recent research papers, if the proportional odds assumption ...
Bussolati Gianni G Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, Via Santena 7, 10126, Turin, TO, Italy, - - 2014
This paper is a personal recollection of the studies, conducted in Prof. Pearse's laboratory in London in the years 1965-1969, which led to the discovery of production of calcitonin by parafollicular C cells and medullary carcinomas of the thyroid. The author's intention is to underline the combination of technical excellence, ...
Muto L L Department of Physical Therapy, Speech Therapy and Occupational Therapy, School of Medicine of the University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil - - - 2014
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a rheumatic disease characterized by chronic widespread pain and symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, cognitive difficulties, and depression. Postural instability is a debilitating disorder increasingly recognized as part of FM. To assess and compare postural control and balance selfefficacy in women with and without FM and ...
Giusti G G Stone Center at Department of Urology, Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Rozzano, - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for stones up to 2 cm in diameter in patients with solitary kidney. From January 2008 to January 2013, we prospectively enrolled all consecutive patients with solitary kidney and renal stones. Plain abdominal computed tomography scan was performed preoperatively and 1 month ...
Nott Melissa T MT School of Community Health, Charles Sturt University, Albury, New South Wales, - - 2014
To investigate age-related mortality risk following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Review of 2545 consecutive discharges from three metropolitan rehabilitation centres in New South Wales, between 1 January 1990 and 1 October 2007. Survival status was censored on 1 October 2009. Between-group differences were assessed for older/younger patients. Multivariate Cox hazard ...
Miralles-Cuevas S S Plataforma Solar de Almería-CIEMAT, Carretera Senés km 4, Tabernas, 04200, Almería, - - 2014
In view of the inefficient elimination of micro-pollutants by today's conventional biological treatments and new legislation requiring elimination of at least 80 % of their concentration, the application of an advanced tertiary treatment must be studied. A good option would be advanced oxidation processes (AOPs), which have very often been combined ...
Sarzaeem M M MM Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
The gold standard in ACL reconstructions has been the bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft fixed with interference screws. This prospective, randomized clinical trial aimed to compare two methods of fixation for BPTB grafts: press-fit fixation vs. interference screw, over a 12-month follow-up interval. 158 patients with an average age of 29.8 years, between ...
Nagata Yoshiki Y Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Toyama Prefectural Central Hospital, 2-2-78 Nishinagae, Toyama, Toyama, 930-8550, Japan, - - 2014
Catheter-induced coronary artery dissection occurs rarely during selective coronary angiography but generally progresses to complete coronary occlusion. We present a case of delayed occlusive dissection of the right coronary artery during coronary intervention of the left anterior descending artery. Bailout stenting was employed to treat the giant hematoma quickly using ...
Markwiese James T JT Environmental Standards, Inc., 8331 E. Walker Springs Lane, Suite 402, Knoxville, TN, 37923, USA, - - 2014
The weathering of coal combustion products (CCPs) in a lotic environment was assessed following the Tennessee Valley Authority (Kingston, TN) fly ash release of 2008 into surrounding rivers. Sampled materials included stockpiled ash and sediment collected from 180 to 880 days following the release. Total recoverable concentrations of heavy metals and ...
Ma Yun Y School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, - - 2014
A data set of phytoplankton community and environmental parameters in a hydrological integrity period, i.e. a poor water term, a medium term and a rich water term of North Temperate Zone climate, was analyzed in order to describe seasonal variation of phytoplankton community and its relationship with environmental variables in ...
Keegan Lindsay L Department of Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada, - - 2014
The basic reproductive number, [Formula: see text], provides a foundation for evaluating how various factors affect the incidence of infectious diseases. Recently, it has been suggested that, particularly for vector-transmitted diseases, [Formula: see text] should be modified to account for the effects of finite host population within a single disease ...
Mojica Kristina D A KD Department of Biological Oceanography, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), P.O. Box 59, 1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, The - - 2014
Marine microorganisms constitute the largest percentage of living biomass and serve as the major driving force behind nutrient and energy cycles. While viruses only comprise a small percentage of this biomass (i.e. 5%), they dominate in numerical abundance and genetic diversity. Through host infection and mortality, viruses affect microbial population ...
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