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Makiyama Yukiko Y Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence and spatial distribution of cystoid spaces (CS) in retinitis pigmentosa patients with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. A total of 529 eyes of 275 patients with retinitis pigmentosa were examined with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. The presence or absence of CS was judged for each ...
Majewski-Schrage Tricia T Dept of Athletic Training, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, - - 2014
Context: Despite widespread acceptance, there is currently no consensus on the definition, components, and the specific techniques most appropriate to measure and quantify core stability. Objective: To develop a comprehensive core-stability model addressing its definition, components, and assessment techniques. Design: Delphi technique. Setting: University laboratory. Participants: 15 content experts from ...
Rosa-Alcázar Ana I AI Universidad de - - 2014
Background: There is a growing interest in designing instruments to assess obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children. The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Child Version (OCI-CV) has showed to be a valid in the evaluation of OCD in clinical and nonclinical populations. The main goal in this study was to analyze factor structure and psychometric properties ...
Okada Hidetaka H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, - - 2014
The human endometrium is a dynamic tissue that undergoes regular cycles of menstruation, menstrual repair, proliferation and secretory differentiation in response to hypoxia and the female sex hormones. We identified new target genes that are regulated by progesterone during the decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells (ESC), including interleukin-15 (IL-15), ...
Kiesel Kyle B KB Dept of Physical Therapy, University of Evansville, Evansville, - - 2014
Context: Previous injury is the strongest risk factor for future injury in sports. It has been proposed that motor-control changes such as movement limitation and asymmetry associated with injury and pain may be perpetuated as part of an individual's movement strategy. Motor control of fundamental 1-×-body-weight tasks can reliably and ...
Miguélez-Pan Mónica M Mental Health Department, Corporaciò Sanitària i Universitària Parc Taulí - - 2014
Background: There is a debate about the influence of executive functioning impairment in the functionality of Bipolar Disorder Type I, even when euthymic (EutBDI). The aim of this study was to explore this relationship, taking functional outcome from a multidimensional point of view. Methods: An extended neuropsychological battery of executive ...
Del Favero Simone S Corresponding author: Claudio Cobelli, - - 2014
OBJECTIVE Inpatient studies suggest that model predictive control (MPC) is one of the most promising algorithms for artificial pancreas (AP). So far, outpatient trials have used hypo/hyperglycemia-mitigation or medical-expert systems. In this study, we report the first wearable AP outpatient study based on MPC and investigate specifically its ability to ...
Sullivan Courtney C Elite Performance Unit, Carlton Football Club, Carlton North, VIC, - - 2014
Objectives: To determine the physical activity measures and skill-performance characteristics that contribute to coaches' perception of performance and player performance rank in professional Australian Football (AF). Design: Prospective, longitudinal. Methods: Physical activity profiles were assessed via microtechnology (GPS and accelerometer) from 40 professional AF players from the same team during ...
Akyol Alpaslan A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Firat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazig, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors of mesh exposures following abdominal sacral colpopexy (ASC) in which polypropylene mesh is used. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent ASC and were subsequently followed for development of mesh exposure for vaginal/vault prolapse between 2002 ...
- - 2014
Corrigendum to Ghezzi A, Annovazzi P, Amato MP et al. (2013). Adverse events after endovascular treatment of chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) in patients with multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler 19(7) 961-963. [DOI: 10.1177_1352458513475491].
Moreno-Jiménez Bernardo B Universidad Autónoma de - - 2014
Background: One of the most traditional approaches to the positive study of personality has been the research on Hardiness or Hardy Personality. However, studies about this construct have systematically suffered from a lack of sufficient psychometric guarantees of the measures. Method: This paper presents the Occupational Hardiness Questionnaire (OHQ), the ...
Almulaifi Abdullah M AM Department of Surgery, Min-Sheng General Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taoyuan, - - 2014
Several thousands of laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass have been performed globally by a number of surgeons. There is growing evidence that mini-gastric bypass is a safe and effective procedure. We report a rare case of massive gastric remnant dilation in a 45-year-old man after laparoscopic mini-gastric bypass. Acute gastric dilatation is ...
Lagestad Pål P Department of Teacher Education, Nord-Trøndelag University College, Levanger, - - 2014
Lagestad, P, and van den Tillaar, R. A comparison of training and physical performance of police students at the start and the end of three-year police education. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1394-1400, 2014-The purpose was to compare male and female police students exercise and physical performances at the beginning ...
Tsukahara Tetsuo T Division of Colorectal Surgery, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to determine the feasibility of simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer by laparoscopy and a pulmonary lesion through minithoracotomy. Four patients underwent laparoscopic resection of colorectal cancer followed by pulmonary resection. The mean operative duration was 390 min and the mean blood loss was 133 mL. ...
Jiang Ying Y Departments of Epidemiology & Biostatistics (Y.J., S.M.D.), Pathology (M.J., S.B., A.N.F.), Division of Information Technology Services (R.B., M.G.), Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH; Department of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences (S.R., L.B.S.-F.) and University Hospitals Eye Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH; and Alcon Research Ltd. (J.K.), Fort Worth, - - 2014
To assess risk factors associated with substantial microbial bioburden of lids, conjunctivae, contact lenses, and storage cases during daily wear of silicone hydrogel contact lenses. Two hundred eighteen patients were fit to lotrafilcon A lenses, randomized to use either a multipurpose solution or a hydrogen peroxide care system, and followed ...
Castagna Carlo C Football Training and Biomechanics Laboratory, Italian Football Federation (FIGC), Coverciano (Florence), - - 2014
The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of a popular field test for aerobic fitness used in soccer (45-15) in Italy. Alternating progressive 45-s runs with 15 s passive recovery until exhaustion, the test considers peak speed (PS) as a reflection of maximal aerobic speed ...
Sugiura-Ogasawara Mayumi M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, - - 2014
Recurrent miscarriage is classically defined as three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. Many researchers have now revised this definition to two or more pregnancy losses because of the recent increase in the prevalence of childless couples. Established causes of recurrent miscarriage are antiphospholipid antibodies, uterine anomalies and abnormal chromosomes in ...
Granquist Megan D MD Dept of Kinesiology, University of La Verne, La Verne, - - 2014
Context: Adherence to sport-injury rehabilitation protocols may be pivotal in ensuring successful rehabilitation and return-to-play outcomes. Objectives: To investigate athletic trainers' perspectives related to the degree to which rehabilitation adherence is an issue in collegiate athletic training settings, gain insight from certified athletic trainers regarding the factors contributing to rehabilitation ...
Wightman Jade J University of - - 2014
Background: Experimental functional analysis is an assessment methodology to identify the environmental factors that maintain problem behavior in individuals with developmental disabilities and in other populations. Functional analysis provides the basis for the development of reinforcement-based approaches to treatment. Methods: This article reviews the procedures, validity, and clinical implementation of ...
Rouster-Stevens Kelly A KA Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, - - 2014
To create a pediatric rheumatology Top 5 list as part of the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation's Choosing Wisely campaign. Delphi surveys of a core group of representative pediatric rheumatology providers from across North America generated candidate Top 5 items. Items with high content agreement and perceived to be ...
Kumar Santosh S Department of Urology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, - - 2014
Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery is being adapted for widespread indications because it offers minimal invasiveness. Herein, we report a case of synchronous bilateral cortex-preserving adrenalectomy for bilateral large adrenal pheochromocytomas. We used conventional laparoscopic instruments and trocars through a single-port site. The total operative time was 110 min. There were no perioperative ...
Teyhen Deydre S DS 1Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, U.S. Army-Baylor University, Fort Sam, Houston, Texas; 2U.S. Army Public Health Command Region-South, Fort Sam, Houston, Texas; and 3Department of Physical Therapy, 81st Medical Group, Keesler Air Force Base, Biloxi, - - 2014
Teyhen, DS, Shaffer, SW, Lorenson, CL, Greenberg, MD, Rogers, SM, Koreerat, CM, Villena, SL, Zosel, KL, Walker, MJ, and Childs, JC. Clinical measures associated with dynamic balance and functional movement. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1272-1283, 2014-Decreased balance and impaired functional movement have been linked with increased injury risk. The ...
Sunagawa Hiroki H Department of Surgery, Nakagami Hospital, Okinawa, - - 2014
Laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy for pancreatic cancer is being applied increasingly in selected cases. Open radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy (RAMPS) was introduced to obtain a higher rate of tumor-free margins and a higher lymph node (LN) count. However, there is no standard laparoscopic technique for pancreatic cancer. We treated three patients ...
Chen Ding D School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, - - 2014
To monitor corneal epithelial healing under bandage contact lens (BCL) using ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography (UHR-OCT) after pterygium surgery. Thirty-nine eyes of 39 patients undergoing pterygium excision and conjunctival autografting were randomly allocated into 2 groups: 20 eyes were covered with silicone hydrogel BCLs at the end of surgery and ...
Mueller Luke M LM Physical Therapy Dept, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, - - 2014
Clinical Scenario: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are associated with a lengthy recovery time, decreased performance, and an increased rate of reinjury. To improve performance of the injured knee, affected athletes often undergo surgical reconstruction and rehabilitation. Determining when an athlete is ready to safely return to play (RTP), however, ...
Zuo-Hua Gan G Department of Family Medicine, Buddhist Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, - - 2014
Background. Cirrhotic patients are prone to having bacterial infections due to impaired innate immunity. This nationwide population-based study aimed to identify the effect of bacterial infections on the mortality of the cirrhotic patients with esophageal variceal bleeding (EVB). Material and methods. The Taiwan National Health Insurance Database was used to ...
Barrett Helen L HL Corresponding author: Helen L. Barrett, - - 2014
Outcomes in pregnancies complicated by preexisting diabetes (type 1 and type 2) and gestational diabetes mellitus have improved, but there is still excess morbidity compared with normal pregnancy. Management strategies appropriately focus on maternal glycemia, which demonstrably improves pregnancy outcomes for mother and infant. However, we may be reaching the ...
Alfizah Hanafiah H Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Antibiotic resistance is increasing worldwide, and it has been regarded as the main factor reducing the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the phenotype and genotype of antibiotic-resistant strains of H. pylori in the Malaysian population and to evaluate the impact of antibiotic ...
Mancuso Andrea A Medicina Interna 1, ARNAS Civico-Di Cristina-Benfratelli, Palermo, Italy. Epatologia e Gastroenterologia, Ospedale Niguarda Cà Granda, Milano, - - 2014
The topic of this paper is to report an update on management of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). Actually, the flow-chart of BCS management comes from experts opinion and is not evidence-based due to the rarity of BCS. Management of BCS follows a step-wise strategy. Anticoagulation and medical therapy should be the ...
Ade Jack D JD Medical Dept, Newcastle United Football Club, Newcastle, - - 2014
Purpose: To quantify the physiological responses, time-motion characteristics, and reproducibility of various speed-endurance-production (SEP) and speed-endurance-maintenance (SEM) drills. Methods: Sixteen elite male youth soccer players completed 4 drills: SEP 1 v 1 small-sided game (SSG), SEP running drill, SEM 2 v 2 SSG, and SEM running drill. Heart-rate response, blood ...
Avogaro Angelo - - 2014
Incretin-based therapy became recently available as antihyperglycemic treatment for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Incretin therapy comprises glucagon-like peptide receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) and dipeptidyl-peptidase 4 inhibitors (DPP4-I): these classes of drugs not only have the ability to reduce blood glucose, but also can exert several cardioprotective effects. They have ...
Kim Theresa H M - - 2014
Context • The positive effects of physical activity on the well-being of older adults have been well documented. Tai chi is a suitable form of physical activity, with known physical and psychological benefits for older adults. Objective • The objective of the current study was to compare the effects of ...
Wartlick Ortrud O Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Geneva, 30 Quai Ernest Ansermet, Geneva 1211, - - 2014
During morphogenesis, organs grow to stereotyped sizes, but growth control mechanisms are poorly understood. Here, we measured the signaling dynamics of the morphogen Dpp, one of several Drosophila factors controlling morphogenetic growth, in the developing eye. In this tissue, the Dpp expression domain advances from the posterior to the anterior ...
Haugen Thomas A TA Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2014
The overall objective of this review was to investigate the role and development of sprinting speed in soccer. Time-motion analyses show that short sprints occur frequently during soccer games. Straight sprinting is the most frequent action before goals, both for the scoring and assisting player. Straight-line sprinting velocity (both acceleration ...
Myint Joy J Department of Vision and Hearing Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of a postgraduate training module on optometrists' clinical decision-making in relation to the diagnosis and management of primary open-angle glaucoma. A group of United Kingdom community optometrists (n = 53) were assessed immediately before and again 3 months after completing a 3-day didactic postgraduate university module on the diagnosis ...
Ridruejo Ezequiel E Hepatology Section, Department of Medicine, Centro de Educación Médica e Investigaciones Clínicas Norberto Quirno "CEMIC". Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Hepatology and Liver Transplant Unit, Hospital Universitario Austral. Pilar, Provincia de Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Background and aims. Entecavir (ETV) is effective and safe in patients with chronic hepatitis B in the short term, but its long term efficacy and safety has not been established. Material and methods. We evaluated HBV DNA clearance, HBeAg/antiHBe and HBsAg/antiHBs seroconversion rates in HBeAg-positive and negative NUC naïve HBV ...
Pabbaraju Kanti - - 2014
Full-genome analysis was conducted on the first isolate of a highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus from a human in North America. The virus has a hemagglutinin gene of clade 2.3.2.1c and is a reassortant with an H9N2 subtype lineage polymerase basic 2 gene. No mutations conferring resistance to adamantanes ...
Leeder J D C DC Dept of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Northumbria, - - 2014
Purpose: This investigation aimed to ascertain a detailed physiological profile of recovery from intermittent-sprint exercise of athletes familiar with the exercise and to investigate if athletes receive a protective effect on markers of exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), inflammation, and oxidative stress after a repeated exposure to an identical bout of ...
Miwa Ken K Division of General Thoracic Surgery, Tottori University Hospital, Yonago, - - 2014
Thoracoscopic left lower lobectomy with lymph node dissection for lung cancer was performed in a 76-year-old man. The diagnosis was pT2aN2M0 adenocarcinoma. Sixteen months after surgery, CT revealed a pleural tumor measuring 38 mm at the surgical port wound. CT-guided biopsy revealed fibroma. However, the tumor size increased 4 months after ...
- - 2014
Cover: Fossil bone section. Preservation of trabecular architecture in the vertebral bodies of an ichthyosaur in a pyrite nodule from the Jurassic period (about 190 million years ago), Dorset, UK. Image contributed by Tim Arnett, University College London.
Bampouras Theodoros M TM 1Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Medical and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health and Science, University of Cumbria, Lancaster, United Kingdom; 2Department of Sport and Physical Activity, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, United Kingdom; 3School of Health and Social Sciences, Faculty of Advanced Engineering and Sciences, University of Bolton, Bolton, United Kingdom; and 4Centre for Rehabilitation and Human Performance Research, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, United - - 2014
Bampouras, TM, Marrin, K, Sankey, SP, and Jones, PA. Test-retest reliability and sensitivity of the Concept2 Dyno dynamometer: practical applications. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1381-1385, 2014-Strength assessment is often part of the objective periodical observation of teams, squads, or large groups of athletes. Equipment that provides assessment that is ...
Licks Francielli F Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Programa de Pós Graduação em Ciências Biológicas: Fisiologia. - - 2014
Background. Portal hypertension is a clinical syndrome associated with the development of a hyperdynamic circulation and gastroesophageal varices. Aim. To evaluate the antioxidant effect of N-acetylcysteine on portal hypertensive rats. Material and methods. Portal hypertension was induced by partial portal vein ligation (PPVL). Oxidative damage in the stomach was measured ...
Manyazewal Tsegahun T Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, - - 2014
Most HIV positive people have not been tested for viral hepatitis and their treatments have not been optimized for possible co-infections. The aim of this study was to investigate the serological pattern of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among antiretroviral (ARV)-naive and -experienced HIV co-infected ...
Böger Rainer H - - 2014
L-Arginine is a precursor for nitric oxide (NO) synthesis. NO is a ubiquitous mediator that is formed by a family of enzymes called NO synthases (NOSs). In the brain, NO acts as a neurotransmitter; in the immune system, it acts as a mediator of host defense; and in the cardiovascular ...
Giacomelli Giovanni G Department of Specialistic Surgical Sciences, Eye Clinic, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal ranibizumab with a "pro re nata" regimen in the treatment of nonsubfoveal neovascular membranes secondary to age-related macular degeneration. Retrospective noncomparative case series. Thirty-one eyes with naive nonsubfoveal neovascularization secondary to age-related macular degeneration were consecutively enrolled and treated with ranibizumab intravitreal injections according ...
Tabibian James H JH Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; Center for Clinical and Translational Sciences, Mayo Graduate School, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
Introduction. Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is an idiopathic hepatobiliary disorder associated with an increased risk for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and a median survival time of 12 years. Reliable predictors of CCA and other major adverse events in PSC are currently lacking. Recently, serum IgE was found to be associated with CCA ...
Caqueo-Urízar Alejandra A Universidad de - - 2014
Background: Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental illness that has a significant impact not only in the patient but also in the entire family as well. Caregivers assume almost the totality of the patient care. This responsibility exposes caregivers to an intense burden with negative consequences for them and the rest ...
Kirmizigil Berkiye B 1Necati Akgun Performance Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Ege, ─░zmir, Turkey; and 2School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Ege, \x{0130}zmir, - - 2014
Kirmizigil, B, Ozcaldiran, B, and Colakoglu, M. Effects of three different stretching techniques on vertical jumping performance. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1263-1271, 2014-The aim of this study was to evaluate 3 different flexibility techniques: (a) ballistic stretching (BS), (b) proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF) + BS, and (c) PNF ...
Bradley Paul S PS Dept of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Sunderland, Sunderland, - - 2014
Purpose: To evaluate match performances of substitute players using different research designs. Methods: English Premier League matches were analyzed using a multiple-camera system. Two research designs were adopted: an independent-measures analysis comparing the match-performance characteristics of players completing the entire match (n = 810) vs substitutes (n = 286) and ...
Ficapal-Cusí Pilar P Universitat Oberta de - - 2014
Background: The aim of this article is to develop the Spanish adaptation of the internal functioning of Work Teams Scale (QFI-22). Methods: The scale was adapted from the French version, and was applied to a sample of 1,055 employees working for firms operating in Spain. The article analyses the internal ...
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