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Lira Madalena M Centre of Physics (CFUM) (M.L., M.E.C.D.R.O., M.F.M.C.), University of Minho, Braga, Portugal; and Department of Physics (J.B.V-D.), University of Vigo, Pontevedra, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of different lens care systems in surface roughness and refractive index (RI) of contact lenses (CL). This information provides us with a better understanding of how care solutions affect CL materials. Several CL and three commercially available and appropriate lens ...
Demirbilek Muge M Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Baskent University, Ankara, - - 2014
The antimicrobial effects of multipurpose contact lens solutions (MPSs) have been evaluated according to ISO 14729 standards. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of commercially available MPSs against extended-spectrum beta lactamases (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and Candida albicans clinical isolates. Three commercially available ...
Segev Yakir Y *Familial Breast Cancer Research, Women's College Research Institute; †Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Toronto; ‡Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital; §Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ∥Department of Cancer Epidemiology, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, FL; ¶Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology, Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, CT; and #Duke University, Duke School of Medicine, Durham, - - 2014
In a population-based sample of epithelial ovarian cancers, the objective of this study was to evaluate the association between microsatellite instability (MSI) status and the following factors: (1) ovarian cancer risk factors and (2) the distribution of the specific histologic subtypes. Participants were drawn from 3 population-based studies of primary ...
Fowler Peter P School of Human Movement Studies, Charles Sturt University, Bathurst, NSW, - - 2014
The current study examined the effects of short-haul air travel on competition performance and subsequent recovery. Six male professional Australian football (soccer) players were recruited to participate in the study. Data were collected from 12 matches, which included 6 home and away matches against the same 4 teams. Together with ...
Vescovi Jason D JD School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Purpose: To quantify the locomotor demands of college female soccer matches and compare the relative proportion of distances in specified velocity bands between players completing an entire half with substitutes. Methods: College female soccer players (n = 113) were assessed during a regular-season match using global positioning system technology. An ...
Figueiredo António J AJ Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, - - 2014
Being one of the most prominent globalized sports, soccer played at club, national, and continental levels has a relevant societal role. At present, the specific competencies, interests, and languages of the different actors involved in the selection, development, and support of long-lasting careers of players might limit opportunities for potential ...
Hoos Olaf O Faculty of Philosophy II, Julius Maximilians University Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, - - 2014
Purpose: To analyze time-domain, spectral, and fractal properties of speed regulation during half-marathon racing. Methods: In 21 male experienced runners, high-resolution data on speed (V), stride frequency (SF), and stride length (SL) were assessed during half-marathon competition (21,098 m). Performance times, time- and frequency-domain variability, spectral-scaling exponent (beta), and fractal ...
Capodanno Davide D aFerrarotto Hospital, University of Catania bCannizzaro Hospital cETNA Foundation, Catania, - - 2014
We designed a prospective nonrandomized study aiming at assessing the impact of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) after a new diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Consecutive patients referred to coronary angiography underwent an overnight sleep study during their hospital stay. Among ...
Sugiura-Ogasawara Mayumi M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, - - 2014
Recurrent miscarriage is classically defined as three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. Many researchers have now revised this definition to two or more pregnancy losses because of the recent increase in the prevalence of childless couples. Established causes of recurrent miscarriage are antiphospholipid antibodies, uterine anomalies and abnormal chromosomes in ...
Liu Aihai A Department of Gynecology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to investigate and compare the effectiveness of letrozole and clomiphene citrate for improving fertility outcomes, including pregnancy rate, miscarriage rate, multiple pregnancy rate, and incidence rate of adverse events, number of dominant follicles, endometrial thickness at hCG day and serum E2 on hCG day. ...
Akyol Alpaslan A Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Firat University Faculty of Medicine, Elazig, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors of mesh exposures following abdominal sacral colpopexy (ASC) in which polypropylene mesh is used. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent ASC and were subsequently followed for development of mesh exposure for vaginal/vault prolapse between 2002 ...
Teyhen Deydre S DS 1Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, U.S. Army-Baylor University, Fort Sam, Houston, Texas; 2U.S. Army Public Health Command Region-South, Fort Sam, Houston, Texas; and 3Department of Physical Therapy, 81st Medical Group, Keesler Air Force Base, Biloxi, - - 2014
Teyhen, DS, Shaffer, SW, Lorenson, CL, Greenberg, MD, Rogers, SM, Koreerat, CM, Villena, SL, Zosel, KL, Walker, MJ, and Childs, JC. Clinical measures associated with dynamic balance and functional movement. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1272-1283, 2014-Decreased balance and impaired functional movement have been linked with increased injury risk. The ...
Alfizah Hanafiah H Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 56000 Cheras, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Antibiotic resistance is increasing worldwide, and it has been regarded as the main factor reducing the efficacy of Helicobacter pylori therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the phenotype and genotype of antibiotic-resistant strains of H. pylori in the Malaysian population and to evaluate the impact of antibiotic ...
Manyazewal Tsegahun T Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, - - 2014
Most HIV positive people have not been tested for viral hepatitis and their treatments have not been optimized for possible co-infections. The aim of this study was to investigate the serological pattern of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among antiretroviral (ARV)-naive and -experienced HIV co-infected ...
Myint Joy J Department of Vision and Hearing Sciences, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, - - 2014
To investigate the impact of a postgraduate training module on optometrists' clinical decision-making in relation to the diagnosis and management of primary open-angle glaucoma. A group of United Kingdom community optometrists (n = 53) were assessed immediately before and again 3 months after completing a 3-day didactic postgraduate university module on the diagnosis ...
Osma Jorge J Universidad de - - 2014
Background: No studies have been found that compared the psychopathology features, including personality disorders, of Panic Disorder (PD) and Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia (PDA), and a nonclinical sample with anxiety vulnerability. Method: The total sample included 152 participants, 52 in the PD/PDA, 45 in the high anxiety sensitivity (AS) sample, ...
Rosa-Alcázar Ana I AI Universidad de - - 2014
Background: There is a growing interest in designing instruments to assess obsessive-compulsive symptoms in children. The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Child Version (OCI-CV) has showed to be a valid in the evaluation of OCD in clinical and nonclinical populations. The main goal in this study was to analyze factor structure and psychometric properties ...
Rubio Valldolid Gabriel G Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Hospital Universitario 12 de - - 2014
Background: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST) and its effectiveness as a screening tool for problematic alcohol, tobacco and other psychoactive substance use in groups of low, moderate, and high risk users. Methods: A test battery including ...
Wightman Jade J University of - - 2014
Background: Experimental functional analysis is an assessment methodology to identify the environmental factors that maintain problem behavior in individuals with developmental disabilities and in other populations. Functional analysis provides the basis for the development of reinforcement-based approaches to treatment. Methods: This article reviews the procedures, validity, and clinical implementation of ...
Martínez-Sánchez Juan A JA Armada. Centro de Psicología de San - - 2014
Background: Spain was one of the first countries to recognize the importance of psychological aspects in the planning and development of international military operations, and also to include military psychologists in contingents deployed abroad. Method: This paper describes the psychological intervention model used by Spanish military psychologists involved in military ...
Schnettler Morales Berta B Universidad de La - - 2014
Background: Eating is one of the most frequent human behaviors, but there are few studies that relate eating and subjective well-being. Typologies of people were distinguished and characterized according to their level of satisfaction with life and food in central Chile. Method: A survey was applied to a sample of ...
Moreno-Jiménez Bernardo B Universidad Autónoma de - - 2014
Background: One of the most traditional approaches to the positive study of personality has been the research on Hardiness or Hardy Personality. However, studies about this construct have systematically suffered from a lack of sufficient psychometric guarantees of the measures. Method: This paper presents the Occupational Hardiness Questionnaire (OHQ), the ...
Urra Portillo Javier J CES Cardenal - - 2014
Background: The Resistance to trauma Test: TRauma is an instrument designed to assess six dimensions involving personal strengths or resources that promote coping with difficult life situations. In addition, an overall score is obtained that is conceptually equivalent to the concept of resilience. The aim of this study was to ...
Amigo Isaac I Universidad de - - 2014
Background: This study investigated the presence of the burnout syndrome amongst employees of the banking sector. This topic is of particular interest owing to recent changes in working conditions and the controversial commercial strategies employed in this sector in recent years. Method: A total of 1,341 professionals, 883 men and ...
López Herrera Helena H UNIBE (Costa - - 2014
Background: Burnout syndrome is a highly prevalent disorder in a wide range of professional groups, and is associated with substantial psychophysiological alterations. Nevertheless, this syndrome has not been analyzed in depth among the clergy, a group which fulfils a fundamental social function and has to deal with numerous stressors that ...
Fernández Juan J Universidad Complutense de - - 2014
Background: Gender roles have been assessed by explicit measures and, recently, by implicit measures. In the former case, the theoretical assumptions have been questioned by empirical results. To solve this contradiction, we carried out two concatenated studies based on a relatively well-founded theoretical and empirical approach. Method: The first study ...
Ato García Manuel M Universidad de - - 2014
Background: Although there is a broad consensus on the use of statistical procedures for mediation analysis in psychological research, the interpretation of the effect of mediation is highly controversial because of the potential violation of the assumptions required in application, most of which are ignored in practice. Method: This paper ...
Ficapal-Cusí Pilar P Universitat Oberta de - - 2014
Background: The aim of this article is to develop the Spanish adaptation of the internal functioning of Work Teams Scale (QFI-22). Methods: The scale was adapted from the French version, and was applied to a sample of 1,055 employees working for firms operating in Spain. The article analyses the internal ...
Arnau Jaime J Universidad de - - 2014
Background: This study examined the independent effect of skewness and kurtosis on the robustness of the linear mixed model (LMM), with the Kenward-Roger (KR) procedure, when group distributions are different, sample sizes are small, and sphericity cannot be assumed. Methods: A Monte Carlo simulation study considering a split-plot design involving ...
García-Fernández José M JM University of - - 2014
Background: The School Anxiety Inventory (SAI) can be applied in different fields of psychology. However, due to the inventory's administration time, it may not be useful in certain situations. To address this concern, the present study developed a short version of the SAI (the SAI-SV). Method: This study examined the ...
Makiyama Yukiko Y Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto, - - 2014
To investigate the prevalence and spatial distribution of cystoid spaces (CS) in retinitis pigmentosa patients with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. A total of 529 eyes of 275 patients with retinitis pigmentosa were examined with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. The presence or absence of CS was judged for each ...
Caqueo-Urízar Alejandra A Universidad de - - 2014
Background: Schizophrenia is a debilitating mental illness that has a significant impact not only in the patient but also in the entire family as well. Caregivers assume almost the totality of the patient care. This responsibility exposes caregivers to an intense burden with negative consequences for them and the rest ...
- - 2014
The managing board of the Breast Imaging Working Group of the German Radiological Society revised the recommendations regarding technique, methods, indications, evaluation, and documentation of MR mammography from the year 2005 1 and adapted them to the improved technical options and the latest scientific knowledge. In relation to technical imaging ...
Buela-Casal Gualberto G Universidad de - - 2014
2012 ranking in research in Spanish public universities. Background: In order to guarantee the usefulness of promotion policies for the investigation of educational institutions, in recent years studies analyzing different indicators have been developed, with the intention of valuing possible changes in the future. The objective of this work is ...
Freedman Robert R RR From the Departments of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, - - 2014
An obese, 50-year-old woman complains of hot flashes, poor sleep, snoring, and daytime sleepiness. She states that these problems have bothered her for about 4 years. Her partner recently complained about her snoring and restlessness, prompting this visit. She has become hypertensive. What should she do?
Kirmizigil Berkiye B 1Necati Akgun Performance Laboratory, School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Ege, İzmir, Turkey; and 2School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Ege, \x{0130}zmir, - - 2014
Kirmizigil, B, Ozcaldiran, B, and Colakoglu, M. Effects of three different stretching techniques on vertical jumping performance. J Strength Cond Res 28(5): 1263-1271, 2014-The aim of this study was to evaluate 3 different flexibility techniques: (a) ballistic stretching (BS), (b) proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation stretching (PNF) + BS, and (c) PNF ...
Teichgräber U - - 2014
Purpose: Evaluation of correlations between underlying disease and port complications. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of a data set of 3160 port systems, which had been interventionally implanted over a period of 10 years. Of these, 1393 were included in the final evaluation. The 7 most common underlying diseases and ...
Okada Hidetaka H Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, - - 2014
The human endometrium is a dynamic tissue that undergoes regular cycles of menstruation, menstrual repair, proliferation and secretory differentiation in response to hypoxia and the female sex hormones. We identified new target genes that are regulated by progesterone during the decidualization of human endometrial stromal cells (ESC), including interleukin-15 (IL-15), ...
Pabbaraju Kanti - - 2014
Full-genome analysis was conducted on the first isolate of a highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5N1) virus from a human in North America. The virus has a hemagglutinin gene of clade 2.3.2.1c and is a reassortant with an H9N2 subtype lineage polymerase basic 2 gene. No mutations conferring resistance to adamantanes ...
Birdsell Dawn N - - 2014
We used whole-genome analysis and subsequent characterization of geographically diverse strains using new genetic signatures to identify distinct subgroups within Francisella tularensis subsp. tularensis group A.I: A.I.3, A.I.8, and A.I.12. These subgroups exhibit complex phylogeographic patterns within North America. The widest distribution was observed for A.I.12, which suggests an adaptive ...
Frey Ulrich H UH From the Klinik für Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin, Universität Duisburg-Essen and Universitätsklinikum Essen, Essen, Germany (U.H.F., C.O., J.P.); Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative, and Pain Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (J.D.M., S.K.S., S.B.); Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Management, Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas (A.A.F.); Division of Cardiovascular Anesthesiology, Texas Heart Institute, St. Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston Texas (C.D.C.); and Helmholtz Zentrum München, Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt, Neuherberg, Germany - - 2014
Cardiac overexpression of the β-adrenoreceptor (βAR)-coupled stimulatory G-protein subunit Gαs enhances inotropic responses to adrenergic stimulation and improves survival in mice under βAR blockade. The authors recently identified three common haplotypes in the GNAS gene encoding Gαs, with the greatest Gαs protein expression and signal transduction in haplotype *3 carriers ...
Collart Clara C Division of Systems Biology, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, Mill Hill, London NW7 1AA, - - 2014
The Xenopus mid-blastula transition (MBT) marks the onset of large-scale zygotic transcription, as well as an increase in cell cycle length and a loss of synchronous cell divisions. Little is known about what triggers the activation of transcription or how newly expressed genes interact with each other. Here, we use ...
Shin Jung Hoon JH Department of Life Sciences, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, - - 2014
CD1 molecules belong to non-polymorphic MHC class I-like proteins and present lipid antigens to T cells. Five different CD1 genes (CD1a-e) have been identified and classified into two groups. Group 1 include CD1a-c and present pathogenic lipid antigens to αβ T cells reminiscence of peptide antigen presentation by MHC-I molecules. ...
Jo Yeong Geol YG Departments of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Hospital Cheonan, - - 2014
Background/Aims: There are few data supporting the diagnostic yield of brush cytology depending on the order of cytologic preparation method or the location or shape of tumors in biliary strictures. We investigated diagnostic yields and variations in brush cytology with direct smear and cell-block preparations according to sampling preparation sequence ...
Kang Huapyong H Departments of Internal Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Nesidioblastosis is a term used to describe pathologic overgrowth of pancreatic islet cells. It also means maldistribution of islet cells within the ductules of exocrine pancreas. Generally, nesidioblastosis occurs in beta-cell and causes neonatal hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia or adult noninsulinoma pancreatogenous hypoglycemia syndrome. Alpha-cell nesidioblastosis and hyperplasia is an extremely rare ...
Kim Hee Man HM Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Wonju Severance Christian Hospital, 20 Ilsan-ro, Wonju 220-701, - - 2014
Gender difference in the incidence of colorectal cancer is well known and has been supported by various epidemiologic studies. In Korea, women have lower incidence of colorectal cancer and adenoma, and the incidence in men has recently increased. Hormone replacement therapy in menopausal women is preventive of colorectal cancer but ...
Kim Jae Hyun JH Department of Gastroenterology, Kosin University Gospel Hospital, 262 Gamcheon-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-702, - - 2014
Background/Aims: Information on prognostic factors for metastatic colorectal cancer is an important basis for planning the treatment and predicting the outcomes of the patients; however, it has not been well established. The aim of this study was to identify factors that predict results of chemotherapy and to establish a plan ...
Baek Dong Hoon DH Department of Internal Medicine, Pusan National University Hospital, 179 Gudeok-ro, Seo-gu, Busan 602-739, - - 2014
Background/Aims: The diagnostic and therapeutic utility of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has been well demonstrated for biliary and pancreatic diseases. Biliary access can be allowed by infundibulotomy if failed by using the standard cannulation methods. However, no data are available regarding ERCP-related complications in patients taking antiplatelet agents who are ...
Lee Byung Uk BU Department of Gastroenterology, Ulsan University Hospital, Ulsan, Division of Gastroenterology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, - - 2014
Background/Aims: A retrospective analysis was performed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for pancreatolithiasis on successive days under intravenous bolus of pethidine alone. Methods: Ninety patients with calcified pancreatic stones (≥5 mm) presenting with abdominal pain were selected for ESWL. ESWL was performed with ...
Lee Wonho W Department of Internal Medicine, Kangwon National University College of Medicine, Chuncheon, - - 2014
Primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF) is a rare but catastrophic cause of massive gastrointestinal bleeding. Diagnosis of PAEF is difficult to make and is frequently delayed without strong clinical suspicion. Timely surgical intervention is essential for patient's survival. We report on a case of an 86-year-old woman with no history of ...
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